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foft 01. ? 




the ppesence of this Book 

thej.m. kelly 
has seen made possiBle 
thpouqh the qenecosity 

Stephen B. Roman 

From the Library of Daniel Binchy 

Haft o 

- fa 








A.I). 431-1131: 1155-1541. 

A.D. 1057-1131: 1155-1378. 



13. MAC CAETHY, D.D., M.E.I. A. 








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A.D. 1057-1131 ... 8-127 

1155-1378, 126-565 


P. 27, note 2, 1. 4, for period read or period. 

,, 28,1. 14, ,, Cencmn pa read Cencmnya. 

,, 32, n. 3, 1. 1, .. Chiarains ,, Chifirain. 

,, 37, 1. 10, ,, out of for. 

,, 40, ,, Pacn atla V 1Q ciia Ua. 

90, 1. 26 -DC -oe. 

,, 102, 27, xccx. acx. 

,, 108, D. 1, 1. C, vil. tnogka imY. tnogha. 

116, 1. 17, oxuicim a cuicitn. 

n. 2, 11. 3-6, the error is corrected in Vol. II. of the A.L.C. 
127, 1. 4, dele 2 . 

,, 128, 10, for pceimleT) read pceimter). 
129, 32, nnaehli lainn the. 
132, 1, Tctnga'DUfi yicmga-oup.. 
,, 133, reach reached. 

138, 1. 23, bps brxeg. 
,, 140, ,,17, T>aib' im-oaib' read 6aib' d im-Dai6 d . 

158, 27, 

,, of a 

of 1. 

170, 23, 

,, "Domnall 

., "Oormiall". 

172,,, 2, 


.. 1T>O1l b . 

175,,, 7, 


rested [peacefully. 

230, 25, 

cdmic 8 

C01T11C 9 . 

232,,, 6, 

qieichi fin 

,. cp.eic hipn. 

234, 20, 

; Oiuaiy^eiir. 

243, 1, 



,, 259, col. 2, 1. 11, dele seems to have. 

,, 265,11. 7, 8, for Muircertagh read Muircertach. 

,, 273, 1. 10, after in insert the land of. 

,, 279, 15, for foreign countries read neighbouring territories. 

,, 290, 16, dele B 61a. 

,, 298, 12, for Loctainn read LaclcnnTi. 

305, 12, > r ra i set i rea( j elected. 

n. 4, 1-. 1J- 7 

306, 1. 18, for htla 2 read hUa'. 
,, 308, 3, add l to Hucojfii. 
,, 312, 20,/or "Oonca-D read "Ootincar). 
,, 322, col. 2, 1. 6, dele the ref. no. 
,, 332, 1. 7, for Cm^aToe read CiafuxiT>e. 

25, prefix * to In. 

" ^07' " f)a'cf or Driving read pursuing-. 
,, 6oi, zy,> 

,, 377, ., 26, the direction read an attack. 

,, assumed undertaken. 

380, 1. 12, bee ' bee i. 

383, ,, 5, dele a. 

n > 6, for foray read foraye. 


P. 887, 1. 23, for forc3* read moveables. 

888, 3, laf Ifa. 

,, 392, 20, mtnnncp, a< ' tnum[n]w|i. 

414, 19, Clonr> Cloiivo . 

418, 17, ., tabaipcajx tabatjxc afv. 

,, 428, 10, ,, cnli .. ii? ii'i 

432, 3, Catalim ,. Catal im. 

443, 25, Gaidhel Foreigner. 

,, 445, n. 6, 1. 2, for timpanut read timpanitts. 

453, 3, i**ert by Mandoville after do Burgh. 

,, 456, L 18, for Ccmcobujx read Concobujx. 

458, 24, UUT>II ,, Uifnjv 

461, 12, Foreigner ,, Gaidhel. 

466, 25, ,, Umi]\ ,, UITMJX. 

479, 11, pledge of ,, prize over (lit. of). 

480, 18, Ocuc Ocuf. 

,, 483, 3, ,, passed ,, reached [his end]. 

485, 16, dispersing ,, despoiling. 

Add Note : Lit. relatire to moveablet ; i.e. a defeat in which what 

the vanquished were driving off fell to the victor-. 
,, 486, L 9, for , mac rea-i TTlac. 

,,22, TTIuinncifx read lTluin[n]ci|X. 
. 487, 8, dele , son of. 
,, 607, 14, for apple read wild apple. 
608, 22, ,, bp,iam, mic, read b[xiam TTlic. 

,, 36, dele >om., B. 

609, 25, for son Tawny read Mac-Ui Neill-buidhe. 
516, ,. 13, dtU ref. no. . 
518. u. 4, 1. 2, for from read form. 
522, 1. 14, ,, -00 ,, -ooq. 

26, " ,, p. 

,, ,,27, ,, Cujxcnc read eayxcnc. 
525, 28, ,, him ., them. 

,, 526, 10, ,, Ctonnn Clann . 
527, 1, after slain insert and [other] persons were slain. 
529, 15, for with read by. 

,, 21, ,, movement read jeopardy. 
,, 546, 3, ,, iTiajxb ,, majxb TX>. 

,, 548, "Dalacam "DaUrctin. 
652, 10, ,, -no oman ,, o -00111011. 
554, 12, ,, bail*-ata-na-jxi5 read baile CCta- 
,, 555, 16, ,, prowess ,, championship. 

,, 17, ,, benevolence ,, prowess, 

,,661, 16, ., Eerghal ., Ferghal. 

,, 662, 30, ,, mle U anile. 

,, 564, 6, moficuu^ mo|vcua. 






(A 44d; B 41c) 

'al. 1cm. 1111. p., 1. xxi., CCnno "Domini 1TI. L. 
uii. Iliall hUa b6icneca[i]n, ni Ceniinl- 
B4ia en-oai, a fuif occfifUf 1 efc. "Oungal bUa 

"Oonnca-oa, ni eo^anacca Caipl, -DO cuitim la 
1Tlun,eaf>, mac m-bpiain, cum mulciy\ pinnguine bUa 
Pnnguine, n.iT>omna ITluman, DO cuicim la TTlael- 
Seclainn hUa* m-bfiic. ecmajicac, mac Cefinaij, 
aificinnec "Ouin-lec-glaive, -DO -oul -oia ailicpi. TTlai-om 
|iia Ruai-opi hUa Hua-5aca[i]n co ii-CCi[ifirepail5, pofi 
^illa-Cpifc hll a paelcon 7 VOp UiC-6acac. lllael- 
liuanai'5 bUa pocafica, fii "Oeivce[i]fic 61 le, -DO 
la "Oormcxro, mac 0|UOOlt TTluificeficac htla b 
|ii hUa-m-bapce, moficuuf* e^r. T)ubT)alece bUa 
Cinae-oa, aiyicmnec Co^cai^e 7 Uoba^cac, mac pej\- 
oomnaig, comapba Coluim-cille, in "Domino oofimi- 
epunc. "Domnall bUa Uuaific -DO man,bar la "Oomnall, 
mac TTlaelpuanai^, fii pefi-1Tlanac. . 

* | denotes commencement uf MS. column. 

[Contractions : t. in., top margin ; f. in., foot margin : r. in., right margin ; 
1. in., left margin; c. in., centre margin: ill., interlined; t. h. (written by) 
text hand ; n. t. h., not (written by) text hand.] 

A.D. 1057. 'Occtppuf, B. -moiicup, B. mac to*, B. > m[ac],but 
a dot in placed underneath, to signify deletion and h[lla] placed on c. in.. B. 

1057. J [DonnchaJh]. All the 
MSS M followed by the Annah of Loch 
Ct (ndan.\ have Murchadh. To cor- 
respond therewith, ton must be 
changed into grandton ; a* Murchadh 
was slain in the battle of Clontarf, but 
Donchadh had a sonnamed Murchadh. 
A this was apparently a general en- 
gagement, it seems more probable that 

the mistake of the transcription took 
place in the proper name. The four 
Afattert solve the difficulty by omit- 
ting this portion of the entry. O'Conor 
saw nothing that required correc- 

* Royal-keir. Literally royal ma- 
trrial (rrgia inateriet), signifying heir 


KALENDS of Jan. on 4th feria, 21st of the moon, 
A.D. 1057. Niall Ua hEicnechain, King of 
Cenel-Endai, was slain by his own [kinsmen]. 
Dungal Ua Donnchadha, King of the Eoganacht of Cashel, 
fell by Murchadh [Donnchadh] 1 , son of Brian [Boruma], 
along with many others. Finnguine Ua Finnguine, royal 
heir 9 of Munster, fell by Mael-Sechlainn 3 Ua 4 Brie. 
Echmarcach, son of Cernach, herenagh 5 of Dun-leth- 
glais, went on his pilgrimage 6 . A defeat [was inflicted] 
by Ruaidhri Ua Ruadhacain with the Airrthir upon 
Gilla-Crist Ua Faelchon and upon the Ui-Eachach. Mael- 
ruanaidh Ua Focarta, king of the South of Eili, fell 
by Donnchad, son of Brian [Boruma]. Muircertach 
Ua Tresaich, king of Ui-Barrce, died. Dubdalethe 
Ua Cinaedha, herenagh of Cork and Robartach 7 , son of 
Ferdomnach, successor of [St.] Colum-cille, slept in the 
Lord. Domnall Ua Ruairc was killed by Domnall, son 
of Maelruanaigh, king of Fir-Manach. 


* Mael-Sechlainn. Devotee (lit. ton- 
sured) of (St. ,) Sechlann (or Sechnall), 
disciple of St. Patrick. By omission 
of the infected *, the name was 
Maelechlainn (Melaghliu) ; which, in 
turn, in disregard of the origin, be- 
came Malachias and Malachy. See 
Vol. I., f>. 8. 

4 Ua. The reading of B (son) is also 
found in the Annals of Loch Ce (ad 
an.) But Ua (grandson), the lection 
of A, is given in both of them at the 
year 1059, where the killing of Mael- 
Sechlainn is entered. C follows A. 

5 flerenayh For the explanation 

of this term, see O'Donovau, Four 
Masters, iii. , p, 47 sq. 

6 Went on his pilffrimaffe. That is, 
either over sea ; or, more probably, to 
another native establishment (perhaps 
Armagh; cf. 1003 [=1004], 1037, 
supra, 1063, infra), to end his life in 
penitential exercises. 

7 Robartach. Abbot of Kells, which 
at that time (Adamnan, p. 399) was 
apparently the official seat of the suc- 
cessor of St. Columba. He succeeded 
Mael-Muire, A.D. 1040 (supra). Dr. 
Reeves suggests (loc. cit.) that he was 
son of Ferdomnach, who died 1007 
(=1008), supra. 

A 2 


]Cal. 1an. u. p., 1. 11., CCnno "Domim 171. l. inn. 
1mbleac-ibain. T>O lofccrfe co leip, icen. -oaimliac 7 
cloiccec. Ltilac, mac ^illa-Comsam, aifvopis CClban, 
DO majibcri) La TTlael-Coluim, mac "Oonncafca, i cac. 
IDai-om SleiBe-Cfxot; fiia n-*0ian.maic, mac TTlail-na- 
mbo, pop. "OonncaT), mac Ofiiain, 1 coficain. Caipbpi 
nlla Li^oai, ai|\cinnec 1mleca-ibaip, 7 
mac Con coi fine, fii 6le ec alii mulxi. 
Cejibaill, fxi-oomna "Cemixac, mopcuuf 1 efc. Colman 
hUa hCCifieccai, comapba Comgaitl; hlla planncua, 
aipcinnec Imleaca-ibaifi, m pace quieuefiunr. TTIac- 
bearai), mac pinnlaic, aip'opi^ CClban, "DO mafiba'5 
la TTIael-Coluim,* mac "Oonnca-oa, 1 car. 

1an. in. p., I. ac. 111., CCnno "Domini TTI. l. 
ix. Cpec la TTlael-8eclainn hlla TTlocaf>a[i]n i 
n-CCi prepaid, co puc rpi cec* bo, uel paulo plup 7 
co pomapt5 ^illa-TTluipe TTlac CCipeccai, muipe 

B 42a damne-Sinai^.- TTlael-Seclainn | hUa Opic *oo muca'5 
i n-uaim la TTlael-Seclainn hlla "Paelain. CCef> hlla 
T)ubT>ai, pi hlla-n-CCmalga^a, a puip occipup" e]^:. 

A45 Cpec la | hCCp-D^ap TTlac ioclamn co Ceniul-Gogain 1 
n-TJal-CCpai-De, co cucpcrc bopoma mop 7 T>a cec* 7>ume 

A.D. 1058. 1 Tnojxcup, B. 2 TTIaet-Seclcnnn, A. This is erroneous. 
It was probably an oversight. 

A.D. 1059. .c., A, B. The Roman notation is regularly employed in the 
MSS. b occippr , B. 

10. r >8. 1 Both Literally between. 

2 Gilla- Comgai* " Gillie " (r- 
raiit ; employed in the secondary 
sense of devotee as a proper name) 
of St Comgan of Kilchoan, in Scot- 
land (Reeves, Adamnan, p. 420). 
This is, perhaps, the Comgan, whose 
commemoration in the Martyrology 

of Tallaght adds another to the in- 
stances of the designation Cele- 
De: III. Id. [Oct. Oct. 13]. Com- 
yani, Celt De (L.L. [Book of Lein- 
ster], Lith. ed., p. 363 h). 

*Swxtuorof[Sl.'] ContgalL That 
is, abbot of Bangor, co. Down. 

4 Mnc-Beathadh. The sequence of 


Kalends of Jan. on 5th feria, 2nd of the moon, A.D. [1058] 

1058. Imblech-ibair was burned entirely, both 1 stone 
church and steeple. Lulach, son of Gilla-Comgain, 2 arch- 
king of Scotland, was killed by Mael-Coluim, son of Donn- 
chadh, in battle. The defeat of Sliabh-Crot [was 
inflicted] by Diarmait, son of Mail-na-mbo, upon Donn- 
chadh, son of Brian [Boruma], wherein fell Cairbri Ua 
Ligdai, herenagh of Imblech-ibair, and Righbardan, son of 
Cucoirne, king of Eili, and many others. Gallbrat 
Ua Cerbaill, royal heir of Tara, died. Colman Ua 
hAirechtaigh, successor of [St.] Comgall 3 ; Ua Flanncua, 
herenagh of Imblech-ibair, slept in peace. Mac-Beathadh,* 
son of Finnlaech, arch-king of Scotland, was killed by 
Mael-Coluim, son of Donnchadh, in battle. 

Kalends of Jan. on 6th feria, 13th of the moon, A.D. [1059] 

1059. A foray by Mael-Sechlainn Ua Motadhain into the 
Airthir, so that he took away 300 cows, or a little more, 
and killed Gilla-Muire Mac Airechtaigh, steward of Clann- 
Sinaigh. Mael-Sechlaimn Ua Brie was smothered in a 
cave by Mael-Sechlainn Ua Faelain. Aedh Ua Dubdai, 
king of Ui-Amalgadha, was slain by his own [kinsmen]. 
A foray by Ardgar Mac Lochlainn along with 1 the Cenel- 
Eogain into Dal-Araidhe, so that they took away great 
cattle-spoil, and 200 persons were either killed or 

the items respecting Lulach and Mac- 
Beathadh (the Macbeth of Shakes- 
peare) should be reversed. Marianus 
Scotus, who had his information from 
a pilgrim that came straight from 
Scotland, writes in two autograph 
notes in his Chronicle (ad an. 1070 
[ = 1058]) : Macfinlaeg occiditur 
in Augusto. Lulag successit et 
occiditur in Martio : cui Moel- 
Colitim successit . . . Macfinlaeg 
regnavit annis xvii., ad missam 

Sanctae Mariae. Lulach a nativitate 
Sanctac Mariae ad missam Sancti 
Patricii in mense Martio regnavit. 
Inde Moekoluim regnavit annis xx., 
usque ad missam Sancti Patricii. 

1059. ' Along with. The original 
is co (with), which the Four Matters 
changed into do (of). O'Donovan, ac- 
cordingly, has " [one] of the Cinel- 
Eogliain;" which a native annalist 
would deem it superfluous to apply 
to a king of that clan. 

fcwifdec ulccoli. 


ecep, mayibai) 7 eji^abcnl. Carat, mac 

lanrain, Con[n]acc; Con^olac" hlla Riaccnn, pnxmina 

'; "Otiapcan hllg,hepa[i],yii Itn^ne; ^lU 

pti, macSitla-Com^aiU, pi-oomna* lai$en, occip 

itla-"Ooman5a[i]viT; hlla Concaille, ni 

TThiifie-oac hlla plainn, ju hlla-Ttnpcpe ; "Gomalcac 

hlla TTlaet-bn.enainn, muifto Sit-TTIuifie-Baic, moyirui 

func. "Oomnall ITlac GoDOfa, aipcinnec TTlainifcpec 

[bmn]; eocai-5 hlla Cinae'&a, aificmnec CCra-rfinim ; 

CCnefbf TTlac Uitnp, aipcinnec Inpca; Conain^ hlla 

"Patpceatlai^, aificmnec "Opoma-learan [moprin funr]. 

]Cal. 1an. un- -p., 1 ' 1. xx. 1111., CCnno "Oommi 171. tax ' 
CocaT> mop 1 n-CCfiD-lllaca ecep, Cumurcac hUa 
n-Sfio^afi]!! 7 "Dub-oaleici, comapba parpaic, imon 1 
aVoawe. Cenannuf* T>O lo^a-o T>O leip, co n-a 
oaimbac. Leicgleann TJO lofca'5 T>O leifi, cenmoca in 
[ojeprac. "Oomnatl "Oei^ec, ppim anmcapa epenn 7 
Conn na m-bocc Cluana-mac-lloif CD Chfiifcum uocan 

"Da 11 bliat>am "Dec 'n-a refcaif>, 
Coic mile cen oen efbait) 
, but with deletion mark under the first a, B. b occij)pi, B. 

A.D. 1060. ' mon (i.e., aphteresis of i). B. 2 Ceanannuf, B- cmi., B- 
* p. is placed overhead, having been omitted at first. B. c Illitlirpmo 
ac Li- anno "Dommicae Incaixnamonif inserted, t h.. B. *-* L m.. t. h., 
the place of insertion being indicated by mark* prefixed, corresponding with 
marks placed on margin opposite the entry. A ; om.. B. 

2 Either killed or capturtd. Liter- 
ally : [took] ZOQfertotu, beticeen kill- 
ing and capturing. 

3 Gitla-Domangairt Dtrotet o/(.<ft.) 

JJomangart, of Uath-Muirbuilg (Mnr- 
lough), Co. Antrim, brother of St. 
Muru of Kalian, Co. Donegal. A glow 
in the L. B. copy of the Calendar 
of Ociipus suggests a line continu- 
ing the nami- of Domangart as the 
true reading in the quatrain for 
March 24 (tho feast day), where 

the text comineinvratcs M. Mochta of 

4 Tomalttiffh t'a Marl-Brtnaitm 
The only member of the (VMulrenin 
family, according to O'Donovan (f. 
M. p. 870), that ever became chief of 
all the Ui-Mureadhaigh. This is 
based on the reading of the J-'ovr 
Mattrn, who give, here and else- 
where, tiyherna (lord) for mttire 
(steward). The equation is, of course 
quite groundless. 


captured.- Cathal, son of Tigernan, king of the West 
of Connacht ; Congalach Ua Riacain, royal heir of 
Tara ; Duarcan Ua hEghrai, king of Luighne ; Gilla- 
Coemgin, son of Gilla-Comhgaill, royal heir of Leinster, 
were slain. Gilla-Domangairt 8 Ua Conchaille, king of 
Ui-Niallain ; Muiredach Ua Flainn, king of Ui-Tuirtre ; 
Tomaltach Ua Mael-Brenainn, 4 steward of Sil-Muiredaich, 
died. Domnall Mac Eodosa, herenagh of Mainister- 
[Buithi] ; Eochaidh Ua Cinaedha, herenagh of Ath-truim ; 
Aneslis Mac Uidhir, herenagh of Lusca ; Conaing Ua 
Fairchellaigh, herenagh of Druim-leathan [died]. 

Kalends of Jan. on 7th feria, 24th of the moon, A.D. 
1060. Great war in Ard-Macha between Cumuscach 1 
Ua Erodhain and Dubdaleithi, successor of [St.] Patrick, 
respecting the abbacy. Cenannus was burned entirely, 
with its stone church. Lethglenn was burned entirely, 
except the oratory. Domnall Deisech [i.e., of the Desi], 
chief soul-friend of Ireland and Conn-na-mbocht 2 of 
Cluain-mac-Nois, were called to Christ : 

Two years [and] ten ended, 8 

Five thousand withoxit any defect 



They further add that this indivi- 
dual was smothered in the cave along 
\\irh Ua Eric. The improbability of a 
Koscommon chief taking part in a 
South Waterford clan feud doubtless 
never occurred to them. 

106p. l Cumascach. In the list of 
the successors of Patrick (L. L. p. 42, 
and L. B. [Lebar Brec], I.itho. ed. 
p. 220), he is given next after Dub- 
daleithi. The Annals of Innisfnllen 
(ad an.) say the latter was deposed 
in favour of the former. See infra, 
A.D. 1064. 

- Conn-na-mbocld Conn of the poor. 
Best known as the grandfather of 
Mael-Muire the compiler of Lebar na 

hUidri (Book of the Dun [cow]), an 
llth cent. MS. in the Royal Irish 
Academy, and published in facsimile. 

For his epitaph (Oroti do Chunn 
a prayer for Conn} and a notice of 
his family, see Christian Inscriptions 
(fig. 147, p. 65 sq.). 

3 Ended. Lit., in their excifion. 
The preposition t with the possessive 
forms a native idiom, expressing state 
or condition. (See O'Donovan, Irish 
Grammar, p. 291; Windisch, Wor- 
terbuch, p. 608-9). The computation 
(5012), including the current year, 
gives the Hebrew reckoning, A.M* 


ccmicclcc uloroti. 

hlla ofifieiti co fuilit>, 
"Do fieip, ftobei-o, ftobuilit) 
O ttif -Domain -0051101115 nc 
Co heirfecr "Oomnaill "Oeific. d 

fflael-Ciafia[i]n hlla Hoboca[i]n, aificinnec 8uifu>, 
Tnoficu[u]p eft;. TTIuipcefuxie, mac Sil 
fii-oomna na n-"0efe, occipup 4 efc. THai-om 
Pepaib bfieg (iT>on, e pia ti-^aipboiD hlla Cacufai5 e ) 
pop SailengaitJ (iT>on f Leocan, mac mic TTlaela[i]n f ) 
7 -pofi Caipp|ii. plannacan hUa Ceattai^, |ii 6^05, 
TX> ec i n-a aibrpe- 

leal. 1an. 11. p., U u., CCnno T)omini TT1. be. i. 
B42b TTIuifie^ac | hUa TTlael-Coluim, aijicmnec "Oaifie ; 
Ciai\an, fut-ecnai-o Sfienn ; Ocan hUa Copmaca[i]n, 
aificinnec 1nnfi-Cu[m])pcpai < D ; "Cisepnac baipficec, 
comapba pinnen, 7 ap-o anmcayia Gfienn ; Conamj, 
mac inT) aba-o, pofaipcinnec CCfi-ntaJ-tTlaca, m pem- 
quieuepunc. "Oomnall hlla TTlael-oofiai-o T>O 
la RuaiT>yn tlUa Cananna[i]n 1 car. 
hlla Cacufai^, |ii bfieg; Cu-UUri>, mac 
Uaccai|i-ci|ie, m pemcencia* mopcui 
mac TTlail-Seclainn, fii CCili5, moficuup* ep:. 
Slua^a-B la hCCe^ hUa Concobaifi co Cenn-copa^, 
A 45b | co pobpif m carpais 7 co pomuc in nppaic. ^leann- 
oa-loca' T)O lofca-5 -DO lei p.' 

3 &UM Balafxcaig (, being silent, was om. by scribe), B. * occippup, B. 
L m., t. h., A, B. ill., t h., A, B. 

A.D.1061. 1 penecencia, B. 2 penecencia. B. J mo|icp B. om., C. 

4 L'a Forrtidh. Most probably, 
tbe one whose obit is given at 1088. 
Living in Emly, he must hare heard 
of the fame of Domnall, who belonged 
to a neighbouring county ("Waterf ord). 

5 Come laterally, comet. The 

numerals, according to native usage, 
are nom. abs. Collectively (= period), 
they form the subject of tic (sg.) 

8 Ghilla-Fhulartaigli.Derotce of 
(St.) Fulartach, who died JLD. 778 
( = 779), tupra. The Mart, of Tal- 
laght (L.L.,p. 358a) has: lit*. KaL Ay 
.Fiufarta[$"]cA, mic Brie (son of Brec). 
The occurrence of Fulartach 's name 
in the present entry may be taken as 
proof that his father was eponymous 
head of the Ui Brie. 


Ua Forreidb. 4 acutely found, 

According to very established, very decisive rule 
From beginning of the evil hoary world come 5 
To decease of Domnall Deisech. 

Mael-Ciarain Ua Robocain, herenagh of Sord, died. 
Muircertach, son of Gilla-Fhulartaigh 6 [Ua Brie], royal 
heir of the Desi, was slain. A defeat [was inflicted] by 
the men of Bregha (namely, by Gairbeid Ua Catusaigh) 
upon the Gailenga (that is, [upon] Leochan, grandson of 
Maelan) and upon the Cairpri. Flannacan Ua Ceallaigh, 
king of Bregha, died in his pilgrimage. 7 

Kalends of Jan. on 2nd feria, 5th of the moon, A.D. 
1061. Muiredhach Ua Mael-Coluim, herenagh of Daire ; 
Ciaran, most eminent sage of Ireland ; Ocan Ua Corma- 
cain, herenagh of Inis-Cumscraigh; Tigernach of Bairrce, 1 
successor of [St.] Finnian and archsoul-friend of Ireland ; 
Conaing,son of the abbot, deputy -herenagh 2 of Ard-Macha, 
rested in penance. 3 Domnall Ua Maeldoraidh 4 was killed 
by Ruaidhri Ua Canannain in battle. Gairbheidh Ua 
Cathusaigh,king of Bregha; Cu-Uladh,son of Conghalach, 
king of Uachtar-tire, died in penance. 3 Niall, son of Mael- 
Sechlainn, king of Ailech, died. A hosting by Aedh Ua 
Conchobair to Cenji-coradh, so that he broke down 5 the 
city and choked up the [holy ?] well. Gleann-da-locha 
was burned entirely. 


7 Died in his pilgrimage. That is, 
probably, in a religious house situ- 
ated outside his own territory. 

A.D. 1081. x Tigernach ofBairce. 
The abbot under whom Marianus 
Scotus says he lived before his de- 
parture for the Continent (Chron. ad 
an. 1065=1043). He presided over 
the monastery of St. Finnian of 
Magh-bile (Moville), County Down. 
Deputy-herenayh. Literally, aer- 
vant-herenagh ; one acting under (and 
doubtless nominated by) the herenagh. 

3 In penance. Signifying, appa- 

rently, that official functions had been 
laid aside, the better to prepare for 
death. Herein it differed from dying 
in pilgrimage, that monks remained 
in their own, and clerics and laics 
entered local, establishments. 

4 Domnall Ua Maeldoraidh <The 
Annals of Loch Ce, which have this 
entry under the present year, give 
Domnall under the following year as 
killed by Aedh Ua Conchobhair ! 

5 Broke down. Meaning, very pro- 
bably, that he razed the royal resi- 
dence and the fortifications. 



|Cal. 1on. 111. ., 1. a-, ui., CCnno "Domini TT1." Uc." 11. 
Uiiai-bpi Mia plaicbepcai, pi lapraip Connacc, 7>o 
mapbafc la hCCe-6 1 hlla ConcoD'aip i cafc. ^illa-CpijT; 
hlla TnaelDOpaiiJ, comapba Colaim-cilte ecep Gpinn 
j CCLbain ; 1Tlaelpuanai hlla "Oai^pi, ppim anmcapa 
T^iiairce[i]pc Gpenn, m Chpipro T>opmiepunr. "Cat^, 
mac CCe-oa hlli Concobaip, 7>o mapba-o la Clainn- 
Co^pai-o (7* la 1i1an.r:an. Connacc, pep -ooliim'). Cpec 
la hCC|iT)5ap TTlac Loclamn i CoiceT) Connacc, co 
cucfac fe b mile *DO buaitJ, mile imon.fio c T>O oainiB. 
"Oonncuan hlla TTlacainen -no mafiba-5 -DO $illa- 
Ciapam hlli ITlacainen, fii 1T)uroop.n. eocai"5, mac 
lleill, mic Bocafia, p.iT)omna Coici'D Gpenn 7 Gocaift 
hlla Laicem, fii 8il-"Duibt;in.e, in pemcenna 8 
7'unc. TCuaiiin.!, mac Concaippgi, p.i'oomna pefi 
DO mapba-5 T>O mac lleill hUi Huaipc. 

]Cat. 1an. 1111. p., 1. xx. tin., CCnno "Oomnn TT1. LT. 111." 

^opmlair, nigeii Cacail, mic Iluai-Djn, m peni^fiina- 

none 1 n-CCpT)-Tinaca T>ofimitnr. ITIoco'oan hlla Cele- 

ca[i]n, yecnap CCpT)[a]-1Tlaca, mofiruur 1 e)^. Coral 

hlla T)onnca-5a, aip-npi hlla-n-Gcac THuman; CuT>tnli 

n 4--'c ^^ a 'Ca 1 ^' T 11 Vep-Li ; | Tllael-Seclainn hlla moco- 

T>a[i]n, fii-oamna CCili>, a fuif mimicif (iDon,* o 

. [Cenel-Conaill*), occip Y\MC. Comnme-fe mop la TTlac 

loclainn 6 cct ^lenn-8uili'5e pap co hlapcup Lui^ne 7 

J co Illuai'D Ou-n-CCmal^ai'fc, -DII i ran^artip* pi^ Connacc 

A.I). 1062. 'hCCo-o, II 2 pene , 1$. itl.,t. h., A; om,, B. *.u., 
A, B. c ueyxo (the Latin equivalent), B. 

A.D. 1063. 'tnoficup B. *-^DUT\, B. * HI., t. li.. A ; 1. m.. t h., B. 

1062. * Both in. Lit, Itltcttn. Leiuster, Munster, and Coimaught. 
Kor Gilla-Crist (who succ-eeded See Vol. 1 , p. 386. 

Kobartach in 1057) we Hceves, 
Ailnninan, p. 400. 
Fifth That I*. fifth division: Ire- 

3 Eochaidh. The four Matter* at 
the present year say he die<l on 
Thursday, Nov. 1U. But the 13th 

land having been anciently divided i fell on Wednesday in this year, 
into fee provinces: Month, Ulster, ' 


Kalends of Jan. on 3rd feria, 1 6th of the moon, A.D. 1062. [10G2] 
Ruaidhri Ua Flaithbertaigh, king of the Westof Connacht, 
was killed by Aedh Ua Conchobhair in battle. Gilla-Crist 
Ua Maeldoraidh, successor of [St.] Colum-cille/both in 1 Ire- 
land and Scotland; Maelruanaigh Ua Daighri, chief soul- 
friend of the North of Ireland, slept in Christ. Tadhg, son 
of Aedh Ua Concobair, was killed by the Clann-Coscraidh 
(and by the West of Connacht in treachery). A foray 
by Ardgar Mac Lochlainn into the Fifth 2 of Connacht, so 
that they took away six thousand cows, also a thousand 
persons. Donncuan Ua Machainen was killed by Gilla- 
Ciarain Ua Machainen, king of Mughdoirn. Eochaidh, 3 
son of Niall, son of Eochaidh, royal heir of the Fifth of 
Ireland, 4 and Eochaidh Ua Laithein, king of Sil-Duibtire, 
died in penance. Ruaidhri, son of Cucairrgi, royal heir 
of Fern-magh, was killed by the son of Niall Ua Ruairc. 

Kalends of Jan. on 4th feria, 27th of the moon, A.D. 1063. [1063] 
Gormlaith, daughter of Cathal, son of Ruaidhri [Ua Flaith- 
bertaigh], slept in pilgrimage in Ard-Macha. Motadan 
Ua Celecain, vice-abbot of Ard-Macha, died. Cathal 1 
Ua Donnchadha, arch-king of theUi-Echach of Munster; 
Cuduiligh Ua Taidhg, king of Fir-Li; Mael-Sechlainn Ua 
Motodain, royal heir of Ailech, by his enemies (namely, 
by Cenel-Conaill), were slain. Great coigny 9 [was levied] 
by Mac Lochlainn from Glenn-Suilidhe s westwards to the 
western part of Luighne and to [the river] Muaidh of 
Ui-Amalgadha, where all the kings of Connacht came 

4 Fifth of Ireland. That is, Ulster ; 
the Fifth, or Province, par excellence. 

10G3. l Cathal. Slain, according 
to the F. M. , by his own son. The 
items of thia entry are too discrepant 
to be included in one formula. Cud- 
uiligh is said (in the F. M.) to have 
died a natural death. Suis inimicis 

to all three. I have followed the gloss 
in restricting it to Mael-Sechlainn. 

2 Coigny. Or coigne (anglicized 
form of the coinnmedh of the text), 
cess levied in lieu of billeting. The 
/'. M. make it a hosting {sloiyhedli) ; 
O'Conor, an army. 

3 From Glenn-Suilidhe Literally, 

can mean their enemies, -with reference I from [where] is Glei^n 

cctmcclcc ulccoti. 

^ / uile i n-a cec, im CCe-5 hUa Concot>aip 7 im CCe-5, mac 
mic Meill Hi Ruaipc 7 im mac CCipt hUi Ruaipc. 
hUaim CClla 1 Ceapa TX) |abail o Chonnaccaiti poT 1 
muincep CCef>a hUi Concoo'aip, m po mucca pepca b 
ap cec. b Niall, mac Goca^a, aip-opi Ula-o, a ec 1 n-1-o 
Uouembip, 7 1 n-"OapT>ain, 7 1 C n-occmaT) [uara-o] -oec 
[epci]. e Cinae'5, mac CCicip, aipcinnec Lifmoip- 
TDocucu; Gocai-D hUa "Dalla[i]n, aipcinnec Comneipe*, 
m pace *Dopmiepunr. 

\45cibi ^* a *" lar1 ' u ' ^'' ^ 1X '' ^- Tlno "0 OTT1n11 ^- ^f- 1111 - 
"Dolmen hUa 8onai, aipcinnec (Xip-o-ppara ; m "Dall 

hUa Lona[i]n, ppim eicep pep TTluman; ^illa-appai 
hUa TTlaelmiris, 1 m pemcencia mopcui punr. Copmac, 
aipcinnec ttipT>-bpeca[i]n ; eocaiT) hlla "OoipeiD, aip- 
cinnec "Oomnai^-moip TDuip-Ira, m "Oommo *oop- 
miepunc. TTluipcepcac hUa Heill, pi "Celca-o^Jg, 
o Uib-Cpemcainn occipup epc. "Oonncaf*, mac bpiain, 
aipT>pi TTluman, (T>o b acpi^a-D 7 b ) -DO ec 1 Roim i n-a 
aibcpi. "Oub-oaleici (mac b Tnael-TTluipe b ), comapba 
Parpaic, 1 ]Calamn 8epnmbip m bona penecenna 
moptuup epc. TTlael-1fU, 2 mac CCmalsa-oa, 7>o abail 
na hab-oame. "Oiapmaiu hUa Lopca[i]n, piT>omna 
Laigen, -DO majvba-D la Cinel-eogain 1 n-llllcaib. 

b - b loc. ap, .c.. A, B. e- in .mm., A, B. * ComTe|xe, B. 

A.D. 1064. l 1Tlaeil , B. 2 -1fa, A om., B. ; >> itl., t. h., A; om., B. 

13 fell on Wednesday; but in 1063. 
as the text states, on Thursday. 

With regard to the lunar reckoning, 
it is worthy of note that its accuracy 
is confirmed by the old rule in Bede 
(De rat. temp, xxii.) " November in the 
Ides, 317." Deduct the current day 
and add the January epact (as given 
above), 27=343. I Divide by 59 
(two consecutive lunations) and from 
the remainder, 48, subtract 30. This 
gives the 18 of the text New Moon 
accordingly fell on Oct. 27. 

4 Into hit house. An idiomatic ex- 
pression, signifying to make formal 

6 With. Literally, around. 

'On the Ide*. The Four Matiert 
say that N iall and his son, Eochaidh, 
died on Thursday, Nov. 13, 10G2. 
But Tigernach agrees with these 
Annals in placing the obit of Eochaidh 
at 1062, and that of his father at 
this year. Furthermore, what is de- 
cisive on the subject, in 1062, Nov. 



into his house 4 with 5 Aedh Ua.. Concobhair, and with 5 [iocs] 
Aedh, grandson of Niall Ua Ruairc, and with 5 the son of 
Art Ua Ruairc The cave of Alia in Cera was cap- 
tured by the Connachtmen, against the people of Aedh 
Ua Concobhair, wherein were smothered sixty above one 
hundred [persons]. Niall, son of Eochaidh, arch-king of 
Ulidia, died on the Ides 5 of November [Nov. 13] and on 
Thursday and on the 18th [of, the moon]. Cinaedh Mac 
Aichir, herenagh of Lis-mor of [St.] Mochutu ; Eochaidh 
Ua Dallain, herenagh of Coindere, slept in peace. 

Kalends of Jan. on oth feria, j)th of the moon, A.D. [io64]Bis 
1064. Dblghen Ua Sonai, herenagh of Ard-sratha ; the 
Blind Ua Lonain, chief poet of the Men of Munster ; 
Gilla-arrai Ua Maelmi thigh, died in penance. Cormac, 
herenagh of Ard-Brecain ; Eochaidh Ua Doireid, herenagh 
of Donmach-mor of Magh-Itha, slept in the Lord. 
Muircertach Ua Neill, king of Telach-og, was slain by the 
Ui-Cremtainn. Donnchadh, son of Brian [Boruma], arch- 
king of Munster, (was deposed and) died in Rome in his 
pilgrimage. Dubdaleithi (son of Mael-Muire), successor of 
Patrick, died on -the Kalends of September [Sep. 1] in 
good penance. 1 Mael-lsu, son of Amalgaidh, took the 
abbacy. Diarmait Ua Lorcain, royal heir of Leinster, 
was killed by the Cenel-Eogain in Ulster. Airdgar Mac 

Hereby are to be corrected the 
Calendars (e.g. Nicolas, Chron. of Hist.; 
Hampson, Med. Aevi Kal.) that place 
the Golden Number XIX. (10G3 was 
the last year of the Cycle.) at October 
2G. It is accurately indicated in the 
Calendar, Embolismal Computus and 
Decemnovennal Tables appended to 
the printed editions of the above- 
named work of Bede. 

O'Donovan queries whether " the 
18th " refers to the reign of Niall. 
But at 1016 he had given the slaying 

of Niall's predecessor from these 
Annals. In the list of Kings of 
Ulidia in L. L. (p. 41 d) " 42 or 
50 " years are assigned to Niall. 

Marianus Sootus has: A.D. 1087 
[=1065], Nial mac Eochada, rex 
Ulad, obiit Id. Nov. This postdates 
the obit by two years. 

1064. x In good penance This per- 
haps signifies that Dubdaleithe ac- 
quiesced in his deposition (A.D. 1060), 
and devoted his remaining years 
exclusively to religious exercises. 


raincclct ulcroli. 

B 42.1 

CCipvsap 1lTac loclainn, pi CCili, -DO ec i "Celac-oj; ec 
fepulctip e^c i n-CCp-o-maca, m maiipolio pegum. 
mac leobelem,' pi bpecan.-oo mapba-6 la mac lacoib. 
Gcmapcac, 4 pi ^all, -DO ecaitf. 

hic c epc ppimup annup unT>ecimi Cicli mapii 
papchalip a conpcicucione mun-oi ; ppmcipnim tiepo 
repcii Cicb magni papchabp ab Incapnacione "Domini 
ec habec quacuop Concuppencep bippexcilep ec epc 
pecunT>up annup 1n7>iccionip. c 

let. 1an. un. p, U xx., CCnno "Domini m. lx. u. 
"Oubrac CClbanac, ppim anmcapa 6penn i CClbann, i 
ii-CCp-D-maca quieuic: 

"Oubtac,. "ouini -olijtec, -otip, 

Ronbia in f of af> flijrec f oep, 

"Meih tiaip in c-cmmcapa, aDCfb, 

CCpacip claptcma coem. m 

"Oonnca^ hUa macgamna, pi Ula-5, T>O mapba-o | a 
m-benncap a puif. "Domnall, aipcmnec Lu^bai-5 -j 
aipcmnec *Dpoma, a n-ec. CCei> hUa tJalgaips T>O 

3 Leo belem, A ; mac (son), having been omitted at first, is placed overhead 
with reference mark, B. 4 ^acmajxcac, B. c - om., B; given in C. 
A.D. 10C5. t. m., t. h., with corresponding reference marks, A ; om., P>. 

- Mautokwn oj the kings. Called 
the cemtfery of the Iringt, svpra, A.D. 
984 (=935). See Reeves, Ancient 
Churchet of Armagh, p. 18. 

3 The ton of Llywelyn. Called Gru- 
fud in the Brut y Tywysogion (A.T>. 
10C1), and Grifin in the Annalm 
Cambria (A.D. 1063). In both he is 
stated to have fallen by the treachery 
of his own men. 

4 Echmarcach See Vol. I., p. 
591, note 12. According to Marianus 
Scotus, he died in Rome. Dnnnchad, 
filius Briuin, de Hibernia atque Ech- 
marcach, rex irmareim (? perhaps, 

in Manenn, of Manann), viri inter 
suos non ignobiles, Romam venient(>s 
obierunt (1087=1065). 

4 Eleventh. This Cycle has been 
discussed in the Introduction. 

6 Third. The second so-called 
Dionysian Great Cycle commenced 
A.D. 532 (531 of text), wprn. 

7 Four. The reading in A is i. 
Concurrentet. The scribe, namely, 
not understanding the text, mistook 
the two first letters of iiu. for . 
O'Donovan (F. M., p. 887) gives 
Kal. 4 as the lection of C : meaning 
that New Year's Dav fell on Wednes- 


Lochlainn, king of Ailech, died in Telach-og and was [10G4] 
buried in Ard-Macha, in the mausoleum of the kings. 9 
The son of Lly welyn, 3 king of the Britons, was killed by 
the son of James. Echmarcach 4 , king of the Foreigners 
[of Dublin], died. 

This is the first year of the eleventh 5 great Paschal 
Cycle from the formation of the world ; but the com- 
mencement of the third 6 great Paschal Cycle from the 
Incarnation of the Lord. And it hath four 7 bissextile 
Concurrents and is the second year of the Indiction. 

Kalends of Jan. on 7th feria, 20th of the moon, A.D. [iocs] 
1065. Dubtach, the Scotsman, chief soul-friend of 
Ireland and Scotland, rested in Ard-Macha : 
Dubthach, 1 person righteous, dour, 
For him there will be a dwelling roomy, noble, 
Heaven the soul-fiiend found, it is seen, i y/ 

Donnchadh Ua Mathgamna, king of Ulidia, was killed 8 
in Bennchar by his own [subjects]. Domnali, herenagh 
of Lughbadh and the Herenagh of Druim, their death 3 
[took place]. Aedh Ua Ualghairg took the kingship of 

day in 1064. But, as shown in the 
text, it fell on Thursday. Habet (not 
Kal.) is the word in the C. MS. 

The Calendaj use of Concurrents is 
explained in text- books of Chronology. 

Blitextile also distinguishes this 
(the 9th) year from the 4th, 15th and 
26th years of the Solar Cycle of 28. 
These three years (in the Old Style) 
have four Concurrents, but are not 
bissextile. The Indiction is correct. 

1065. l Dubhtach His connexion 
with Ireland is told in the Breviarj' of 
Aberdeen: In qua utriusqne Veteris 
et Novi Testamenti precepta et leges 
accuratissime didicit (quoted in Ad- 
amnan, p. 401). He probably died 
011 a pilgrimage to Armagh. 

The last line of the quatrain I Jim 

unable to translate. Thlr may be 
for th[x\ir, continued, constant. O'Do- 
novan renders it : " [In exchange] 
for his fair, thin-boarded domicile." 
His text is : ar a tJiir clar tana 
coemh (p. 886-7). 

2 Was killed. Marianus Scotus, 
A.D. 1088 [ = 1066], says: in templo 
Bennrhuir, verno tempore, occiditur. 
His slayer is given by name in the 
third next entry. 

3 'J heir death. O'Conor reads 
JJroma-Anec and gives the equivalent 
as Dromanecensis ; taking a n-ec (their 
death) to be a factor in a local name. 
He adds (pbierunt), to find a verb to 
complete the imaginary sense. Dom- 
nali nndHereiiarjh, according to native 
idiom, are nominatives absolute. 


pige CeneoiL-Gosam. Dpooujli nama Com- 
qui OCCI-DIC pegem i m-benncop, -DO mapbar> 
la pi "OaL-n-CCpaim TTlac "Cai-o^ hUi CeaLLaig, pi 
hlla-171aine 7 hlla pLaicbepcais, pi lapcaip Con[n]acc, 
occip funr La bCCe'b bUa Concobaip. *OomnaLL hlla 
Ix>in5pi5, pi.TJal-n-CCpai-oe ~j TTIuipcepcac bUa Tttael- 
pabaill, pi Caipce-bpacaifce, T>O mapba-5 o bUib-TDeic 
menna-Tifie. Leocan, mac Lai'Dgnen, pi 5 ai ^- eT1 S' "^ 
mafiba-5 La Concobup btla TTlaeL-SecLainn. OcmiLe-o 
htla CCicei-5, fii Ua-n-Gcac, DO mapba-o T>O CbeniuL- 

(No b juma-D afi 111 jCaLLamn fi bu-o coip "Oonnca-5, 
mac bpiain bopuma, T>O bee, fecunt)um aLium libfuim ; 
qui camen unjecup mopi anno ppecen.ico, fecun-oum 
hunc b ) 

]CaL. 1an. i. -p., L. i., CCnno T)omini TT1. Lx. ui. 
CCe-5 hUa Ruaipc, pi hUa-m-bpiuin, 1 mopcuup e]^c 
pranm lap n-opcam pcpine parpaic. CeaLLac, mac 
Tlluipcepcais hUi CeaLLai ; ^iLLa-bpaici, pi hUa- 
m-bpnnn ; TTIac Sena[i]n, pi 5 ai ^ en 5 '> ?5 1 ^ a '^ OTlinTie 
A 4:>d mac CCe-oa mic ui UaLgaips, | occipi f unc. Cnomep 

A.D. 1C65. ^henel, B. > b L m., n. t. h., A ; om., B. 
A.D. 1066. 'm-brunti, A. cuf, B. 

* Enemy of [St.} ComyalLfhe 
murder within the church was re- 
garded as a personal affront to the 
patron, St. Comgall. 

8 Domnall L'a Loinysiyh Mari- 

anus Scotus (ubi sup.) writes : / fel 

8 Another bonk. This other bonk 
is probably the Annals of Boyle, 
which state that Donnchadh went to 
Koir.e on a pilgrimage in this year. 
Marianus Scotus (p. 14, note 4, tupra) 
also says that he went to Rome in 

Tigernaeg Cltiana eius ocrisus slain I 1087 [ = 1065]. 

on the feait of Tigernach of Clvain- 
eoit (Clones, co. Monaghan). That 
is, (Monday) April 4. This corres- 
ponds with the terno tempore (p. 15, 
note 2, tupra) of Donnchad's assas- 
sination. Strange, that no local 
chronicle noted the date. 

10GG. l Shrine of Patrick. Ap- 
parently, in Armagh; but the Four 
Blasters say it was after plundering and Clonfert. 

3 Gitla-Moninne. Devotee of (St.) 
Moninnc (Virgin),of Slieve Gallion, co. 
Londonderry. Her obit U given tupra, 



Cenel-Eogain. Brodur, the enemy of [St.] Comgall/ who [1065] 
slew the king [Donnchadh] in Bennchor, was killed by 
the king of Dal-Araidhe. The son of Tadhg Ua Ceallaigh, 
king of Ui-Maine and Ua Flaithbertaigh, king of the 
West of Connacht, were slain by Aedh Ua Conchobair. 
Domnall Ua Loingsigh, 5 king of Dal-Araidhe and 
Muircertach Ua Maelfhabaill. king of Carraic-Brachaidhe 


were killed by the Ui-Meith of Menna-Tire. Leocan, 
son of Laidgnen, king of Gailenga, was killed by Con- 
chobur Ua Mael-Sechlainn. Echmhiledh Ua Ateidh, 
king of Ui-Echach, was killed by the Cenel-Eogain. 

(Or it may be [that it is] on this Kalend [i.e. year] it 
were right for Donnchadh, son of Brian Boruma, to be, 
according to another book 6 . He seems, however, to have 
died in the past year, according to this book.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 1st feria, 1st of the moon, A.D. [loeej 
1066. Aed Ua Ruairc, king of Ui-Briuin, died straightway 
after rifling the Shrine of Patrick. 1 Ceallach, son of 
Muircertach Ua Ceallaigh ; Gilla-Braiti [Ua Ruairc], king 
of lli-Briuin, the son of Senan [Ua Leochain], king of 
Gailenga ; Gilla-Moninne, 2 son of Aedh great grandson 
of Ualgarg [Ua Ruairc], were slain. Great nutcrop in 
all Ireland, so 3 that it impedes the rivers. The successor 

A.D. 519 (=520); Quies Darer- 
cae, quae Moninne nominate est. The 
Saint's name possesses a literary 
interest. In the so-called Chronicon 
Scotorum, Mac Firbis gives his 
original thus: Quies Darerca .... 
quae Moninne, Aninne sanatho postea 
nominata est (Marginal A.D. 514). 
The reading is: quae Moninne a Ninne 
sanato, etc. The explanation is given 
in the Book of Leinster (p. 271 c) : 
' ' fili balb rathroisc aicce, ar cotissed a 
erlabra do. Ocus issed toesech ro- 
labair, idon : A'iiz, Nln. Unde dice- 

batur Moninne. Ocus Ninnine eices 
ainm in fhiled A dumb poet fasted 
with her, in order that his speech 
might come to him. And what he 
first said is this, namely: Kin, Nin. 
Whence she was called Moninne {My 
Ninne). And Ninnine the sage (was) 
the name of the poet." He was 
the author of a beautiful poetical in vo- 
cation of St. Patrick in the native 
tongue, preserved in the Book oj 

3 So, etc. The Latin portion is 
omitted in C. 



ccmicclcc tilcroti. 

mop i n-6pinn uile.ticpebeller'pluminibtip. Comapbct 
"Daipe (i-oon, b "OonncaD tlUa *Duimem b ) 7 Cinaef, mac 
rmc Obopmaic, pi Conaille, in pemrencia* mopcm punc. 

]CaL 1an. n. p., 1. cc.ii-, CCnno "Oomim TT1. lx. tin. 
8colaii, mac Innpaccaij, aipcinnec tTluc[p]noma; CCip- 
cmnec "Ouin-lec-glaipe 1 ; CCe*5, mac mic Ual^aipj, muipe 
bUa-n-T)uibmnpecT; ; Gccigepn, mac plainn TTlain- 
ipcpec,iT>on, aipcinnec TTIainipcpec, m pace oopmiepunc. 
SloigeT) la 'Caipp'oelbac hUa m-Opiain co Loc Cime, co 
pomapba-o T)*bn c-pluasa-o bUa Concobuip, pi Ciapai7>e- 
Luacpa. Ceall-T>apa co n-a cempall T>O lopca-b. CCe-5 
bUa Concobuip (i-oon,* CCe-o m ^a beapnai^*), 
Coici'o Connacc, luam saipci-o Leii Cuinn, 7>o 
la Conmacne 1 cere, 1 copcpaDap ile // CCe'D blla 
Concenain < o,pibUa-n-T)iapmaca,ecalii muln cum ei]^), 
1-Doii, le bCCe-5, mac CCipc uallai^ bill Ruaipc, a cac 

Sea* m-blicroTia pe^cac, m ftiaill, 
Ocuf mile, mop m buait>, 
O jem Cpipc, ni poeb in pmacc, 
Co copcaip CCeTo, pi Connacr. b 

B43abif | |d< 1an. 111. p., I. xx. 111., CCnno "Domini ITl^lx. uni. 
TDomnall blla Ccrcupaig, aipcinnec T)uin ; Colman hUa 1 
Cpica[i]n, pepleiginn CCp-Da-fnaca"; TDac m becanaig,* 
comapba Comgaill ; Cmae-Db, comapba Coemgin, a-o 

% I Cbpipcum mi5pauepunc. b TT)ael-1pu,comapbapat;paic, 

1 jiebeUxrc, A, B ; but a was underdotted and e plsced overhead, B. 
4 penecenci, B. b-b itL,t. h., A. B. 

A.D. 1067. 1 glaip, B - itl., t h., A ; om., B. b-b f. m ^ t . h., with 
relative signs of reference, A ; om., B. Secc and pepccrc are respectively .un. 
and .be. in the (A) MS. 

A.D. 1068. ' Repeated by oversight, B. s CCi]voniaca, A. 3 beccananaig, 
B. om., B. b-b on , M A. 

1067. 1 Flann. Lector of Monas- 
terboice, who died in 1056, tupra. 

Half of Conn "Id est, the 
north half of Ireland," C. 


- [of Colum-cille in the monastery] of Daire (namely, [1066] 
Donnchad Ua Duimein) and Cinaedh, grandson of 
Odhormac, king of Conaille, died in penance. 

Kalends of Jan. on 2nd feria, 12th of the moon, A.D. [1067] 

1067. Scolaighi, son of Innrachtach, herenagh of 
Mucnom ; the Herenagh of Dun-lethglaise ; Aedh, grand- 

^ son of Ualgarg, steward of Ui-Duibinnrecht ; Ecthigern, 
son of Flann 1 of Mainister[-Buithi], namely, the herenagh 
of Mainister[-Buithi], slept in peace. A hosting by 
Tairrdelbach Ua Briain to Loch-Cime, so that Ua 
Concobuir, king of Ciaraidhe-Luachra, was killed on that 
hosting. Cell-dara, with its church, was burned. Aedh 
Ua Concobuir (namely, Aedh " of the gapped spear "), 
arch-king of the Fifth of Connacht, helmsman of the 
championship of the Half of Conn, 2 was killed by the 
Conmacni, in a battle in which fell many (and Aedh Ua 
Concenaind, king of Ui-Diarmata and many others with 
them), namely, by Aedh, son of Art Ua Ruairc the 
haughty, in the battle of Turlach-Adhnaich : 

Seven years [and] sixty, not trifling, 
And a thousand, great the triumph, 
From Birth of Christ, not yainjthe sway, 
Until fell Aedh, king of Connacht. 

Kalends of Jan. on 3rd feria, 23rd of the moon, AJ>. [i860 Bis]. 

1068. Domnall Ua Cathusaigh, herenagh of Dun; 
Colman Ua Crichain, lector of Ard-Macha; Mac-in- 
Becanaigh, successor of [St.] Comgall 1 ; Cinaedh, suc- 
cessor of [St.] Coemghen, 2 departed to Christ. Mael- 
Isu, successor of Patrick, [went] upon circuit of Munster 

cessor of St. Mocholmog; that is, 
bishpp of Dromore. 

2 Successor of [St."] Coemyhen.Thtit 
is, abbot of Glendalough. co.Wicklow. 
B 2 

A.D. 1068. * Successor of 
Comgall. Namely, abbot of Bangor, 
co. Down. The entry in the Four 
Masters states that he was also suc- 



A 4Ga 

pop cuaipc TYluman cecna pecc, co cue a lancuaipe, 
ecep pcpepal 7 e-opuprxr. TYlupca-o hlla bpiam, 
piT>omna TT)uman,T)0 mapba-o la pipu "Cebca- 4 ptaic- 
bepcac hUa pepsail, pi ^elca-6[i]cc, TX> |um -DO 
Cheniul-m-binni5. s "OomnU, mac Neilt, mic TTlael- 
Seclcnnn (iTX>n, c *Oomnall na m-bocV), pi CCili|, T>O 
mapba-o (i-oon d , maiT>m 8ibe d ) -o'CCe-o hUa TTIael- 
8ectainn, iT>on, a -Depbpacaip. 

}CaL 1cm. u. p., L 1111., CCnno "Domini TT1. lx. ix. 
Cobcac, pacapc Citle--oapa, m Chpipro quieuic t)un- 
7)a-lec5lav 7 CCp-o-ppara 7 tupca 7 Sop-o 1 Coluim-citte 
ab igne oiy{p]ipuT;a[e] f tine. bUa CCe-5a,pi hUa-piacpac 
CCpT)a-ppcrca ; CCe-o, mac "Dubgaill, pecnap Ctuana- 
Piacna; plannacan, mac CCei)a, popaipcinnec CCp-oa- 
TTlaca, m penicencia 2 mopcui punc. 

| ]CaL 1an. tn. p., L x.ti., CCnno "Oommi m. lxac. 
Ccrcupac, mac Caipppi, aipcmnec TTlunsapee, 1 TX> ec. 
TDupca-D, mac "Oiapmaua, pi Lai^en 7 "^all, -DO ec ec 
pepulcup epc 1 n-(Xc-cbar. hOa h6ocaiT)en, pi "Oal- 
n-CCpaiTie, occipup epc a puip. pepgal hUa lai-Dgnen, 
aipcmnec [ph]ocna, T>O ec- ^U^-Pcrcpxnc bUa TYlael- 
coraig pepiic mopce immacupa. CCbbap 1a, 1-oon, mac 

4 cba B. 8 Cinet-b , B. itl., t. h., A, B. -* itl., t. h., A ; 1. m., t. h., B. 
A.D. 10G9. * Soyic, B. 2 penicencic, A. 
A.D. 1070. 1 -^ce, B. 

3 Both cess and donations. Liter- 
ally, between scruple and offerings. 
That the Serf pal (from the Latin 
Scripvluni) was coined money, can 
hardly be inferred from the distinc- 
tion here made between itself and the 
offerings in kind. Compare the pas- 
sage in the Confession of St. Patrick : 
Forte autem, quando baptizavi tot 
milia hominum, speraverim ab aliquo 
illorum vel dimedio [kge ium] 
scriptule? Dicitc mihi et reddam 

vobis. Also the expression in the 
sixth Canon of the Irish Synod pub- 
lished by Wasserschleben (Die Bus- 
ordnunyen der abendlandische Kirche, 
p. 141): duodecim discipuli [lege 
scripuli] nsque viginti. 

More likely, to judge from the Brehon 
Laws, the word represented a stand- 
ard of value. The meaning, accord- 
ingly, would be that the sum was 
made up of the proceeds of a rate, 
supplemented by voluntary coutri- 



the first time, so that he took away his full circuit [io68]Bis. 
[amount], both cess and donations 8 . Murchadh Ua 
Briain, 4 royal heir of Munster, was killed by the Men of 
Tebtha. Flaithbertach Ua Fergail, king of Telach-oc, 
was wounded [mortally] by the Cenel-Binnigh. Dom- 
nall, son of Niall, son of Mael-Sechlainn (namely, Dom- 
nall " of the poor "), king of Ailech, was killed (that is, 
[in] the Defeat of Sithbe) by Aedh, grandson of Mael- 
Sechlainn, namely, his brother. 

Kalends of Jan. on 5th feria, 4th of the moon, A.D. [1069] 
1069. Cobthach, priest of Cell-dara, 1 rested in Christ. 
Dun-da-lethglas and Ard-sratha and Lusca and Sord of 
[St.] Colum-cille were wasted by fire. Ua Aedha, king of 
Ui-Fiachracti of Ard-sratha ; Aedh, son of Dubghall, vice- 
abbot of Cluain-Fiachna ; Flannacan, son of Aedh, deputy- 
herenagh 2 of Ard-Macha, died in penance. 

Kalends of Jan. on 6th feria, 15th of the moon, A.D. [1070] 
1070.' Cathusach, son of Cairpre, herenagh 1 of Mungarit, 
died. Murchadh, son of Diarmait, 2 king of Leinster and 
of the Foreigners, died 3 and was buried in Ath-cliath. 
Ua hEochaiden, king of Dal-Araidhe, was slain by his 
own [tribesmen]. Fergal Ua Laidhgnen, herenagh of 
[F]othan, died. Gilla-Patraic Ua Maelchothaigh per- 
ished by a premature death. The abbot of la, namely, 

butions. This is confirmed by the 
entry under 1106 (infra), in which the 
apportionment of the levy is set forth. 

*Jitrchad Ua Briain. Murchad, 
sciathgerr, oa Briaen [Murchad 
short-shield, grandson of Brian 
(Boruma)] occiditur mense Septembris 
(Marianas Scotus, A.D. 1090-1068). 

1069. l Priest of Cell-dara. That 
is, Chaplain of the monastery of the 
nuns of St. Brigit, Kildare. 

* Deputy-herenogh. See p. 9, note 
2, supra. 

1070. 1 Herenagh. But the Annals 
of Innisf alien, which in Munster 
affairs are far more reliable than the 
Annals of Ulster, state that Cathusach 
was successor of Deacon Nessan; that 
is, abbot of Mungret, co Limerick. 

- Diarmait Slain in 1072, infra. 

3 Died. The Four Masters say his 
death took place " precisely on Sun- 
day, the festival of Mary in winter." 
But in this year Dec. 8 fell on Wed- 

Marianas Scotus (A.D. 1091 [= 


ocMMOclcc ulcroti. 

^ mic baecen, T>O mafiba-5 DO mac im> abaD hlli 
TfiaelDonaiD. Ccrcbafin. hlla TTlaelcoraiD DO ma^bu-o 
DO mac hlli* 1nDifij;e qua meabail. TYluipceficac hlta 
Loingfij; Decollacuf epc a fuif. 6ibll hUa hCCifier;i, 
comapba Cian.a[i]n, quieuic. TTIac[i]n, pen.- 
leisinn Cenann^a 7 fui ecna Crfienn [quieuic]. T-en.- 
monn "Oabeo[i]c 2 D'an.5ain s DO HuaiDfii hlla Cananna[i]n 
ec umDicauie "Oominuf ec "Dabeocc ance plenum annum. 
B 43b | lumain.n, mac "Oiafimaca, DO rnapbaD DO "Cuacaib 
Luine la caeb cfieice aliai^niC. Ui "Cebca 7 ni Cainppi 
occip b func. mael-bfii^ce, mac Cacufaig mic inD ab- 
aD, pofai|icinnec CCfiD[a]-TTlaca, occifup epc. 

\CaL 1an. tin. p., 1. xx. ui., CCnno "Domini m. lxx. 
i. Ri UlaD, iDon, Ua l placfiai, 1 DO acfii^aD la hlla TTIael- 
f\uanai& 7 let hUlcu; ace nomap.baD in c-lla TTIael- 
|iu[a]nai fin po cecoi]i m bello la "OoniifleitJe hlla 
n-6ocaDa. ^illa-Cfiifc hUa Clococa[i]n, pepleiginn 
CCpDa-TTIaca, 3 m Chpifco qineinc. Ceall-Dana 7 lenn- 
Da-loca 7 Cluam-Dolca[i]n cfiemac[a]e func. 

t)ip> ]Cal. 1an. 1. -p., I. uii., CCnno "Oommi m. lxx. n. 
muiyie hUa 1Tluip.i5a[i]n, aipcinnec "CuiDiiisa," 
:. ^illa-Cp.ifc hUa Longafijii, mae|i ITluman, 
DO ec. "OubDil, coma|iba b|nce, in Chnifi:o quieuic. 
*Diafimaic, mac TTlail-na-mbo, p.i lai^en 7 ^all, DO 

A.D. 1070. 2 65, B. 3 -oo ayvsain, B. om., B. b occiffi, B. 
A.D. 1071. !-! hUa Vtaicrxt, A. 3 CCip.') , A. 
A.D. 1072. 1 om.,B. - 1^151111x1,6. 

'* Son (>f the abbot. St-u Adaiuiiuii. 
p. 402, note b. 

3 Ciaran. That is, the founder of 
Clonmacnoise. According to the obit 
in the Four Masters, Ua hAiretigh 
died as a pilgrim at Clonard, co. Meath. 

4 Eminent learned man Literally, 
sage of wisdom. The Annals of Innis- 
f alien state thnt Mac Gormain was also 
lector of ClonniHcnoLe. 

10G9]) has: " Murchad, oa Jlael- 
nambo, oa Briaen, obiit verno tempore. 
Murchad, grandson of Mael-na-mbo, 
[and] descendant of Brian [Boruma] 
ciied in spring time." Note the double 
use of oa (grandson and descendant}. 
Murchad was grandson of Mael-na- 
mbo and great grandson of Brian, 
whose grand-daughter was Diarmait's 
wife (A.D. 1080 infra'). 


the grandson of Baethen, was killed by the son of the [1070] 
abbot 2 Ua Maeldoraidh. Cathbarr Ua Maelchothaidh 
was killed by the son of Ua Indirge through treachery. 
Muircertach Ua Loingsigh was beheaded by his own 
[tribesmen]. EilillUa hAiretigh, successor of [St.jCiaran, 3 
rested. Mac Gormain, lector of Cenannus and eminent 
learned man 4 of Ireland [rested]. The Termonn of 
[St.] Dabeoc was pillaged by Ruaidri Ua Canannain. 
And God and Dabeoc avenged 5 before the completion of 
a year. Iron-knee, son of Diarmait, 6 was killed by the 
Tuatha-Luighne, in addition to a foray 7 [made by them] 
in Leinster. The king of Tebtha and the king of Cairpri 
were slain. JVEael-Brighte, son of Cathusach son of the 
abbot, deputy-herenagh of Ard-Macha, was slain. 

Kalends of Jan. on 7th feria, 26th of the moon, A.D. ; [1071] 

1071. The king of Ulidia, namely, Ua Flathrai, 1 was 
deposed by Ua Maelruanaigh 2 and by the Ulidians ; but 
that [same] Ua Maelruanaigh was killed immediately in 
battle by Donnsleibhe Ua Eochadha. Gilla-Crist Ua 
Clothocain, lector of Ard-Macha, rested in Christ. Cell- 
dara and Glenn-da-locha and Cluain-dolcain were burned. 

Kalends of Jan. on 1st feria, 7th of the moon, A.D. [io72]Bi 

1072. Mael-Muire Ua Muiregain,herenagh of Tuidhnigha, 
rested. Gilla-Crist Ua Longain, steward of Munster, died. 
Dubdil, successor of Brigit [i.e., abbess of Kildare], 

5 Avenged. Vindicavit ; the singu- 
lar is employed by the Irish idiom, 
whereby the number of the verb is 
determined by that of the next follow- 
ing subject. 

6 Diarmait. See A.D. 1070, note 
2, supra, 

7 Foray. Creic/t, in the original, 
which O'Conor characteristically 
takes for a local designation : prope 
Creich in Lagema. 

1071. 1 Ua Flathrai. His proper 

name, as given in the following year, 
was Cu-Uladh Hound of Ulidia. 

His predecessor, Ua Mathgamna, 
was slain in 1065, supra. This agrees 
with the regnal list in L.L. (p. 41), 
which assigns six years to Ua Flathrai. 

4 Ua Maelruanaiyh. There is a 
Lochlaind Mac Maelruanaigh,to whom 
one month is assigned in the L.L. 
list, between Aed Meranach and 
Donnsleibhe Ua Eochadha. But this 
is at variance with the Annals. See 
1080, note 4 ; 1083, note 2, infra. 


ccwicclcc ulcroti. 

ctntim 1 cac (ca* OiM5a*) la Concobup hlla ttluel- 
Seclaiiin, la pi& 'Cempac 7 dp gall 7 Lai^en ime 
(i-oon, b 1 ITIaipc y 1 pepc c 1t> pebpa b ). Cu-Ulai) hUa 
7 mac CCffi'oa, pi hUa-^obla, t>o mapbafi la 
m-bpeg. hUa pocapca, pi Gile, -DO mapba-o la 
hUa m-bpiain- Ruaiftpi hUa Canarma[i]n, pi Ceniuil- 
Conaill, 7)0 mapbaT) la hlla TTIaelDOpai'D (i7)on, b Oen- 
5up. b ) Ppain^c 7)0 7)ul 1 n-CClbain, co cucpac mac pi 
CClban teo 1 n-eicipecc. 

A46b | ]Cal 1an. 111.* -p., L oc. tun., CCnno "Oommi m. lxx. 
m. bebmn, m^en bpiam, m pepi spin act one 1 n-CCp7)- 
TTlaca mopcua epc. ConcoCap hUa TTlael-Seclainn, pi 
T^empac,T>omapba'5 7)0 mac plains hlli TTIael-Seclainn 
7)ap aipcec baclu 1pu, baculo ppepence. "Oomnall, mac 
mic Ual5aip5,T;oifec hUa-n-T)int>irmpacc; Cucaille hlla 
Pinn, pi Pep-Hoip; Copmac hlla Cloasa[i]n, moep 
1lluman,in penicenr;ia b mopT:ui punc. Sloga-o la "Caipp- 
7>elbac ilLeic Cuinn, co n-7)epna cpeic n-'DiaipmiT>e 
b 43c ^ailengaiC 7 | co pomapb TTlaelmop-Da hlla 

pi bpea. 8iqiiuc, mac CCmlaim 7 7>a hlla m-bpiain 
7)0 mapbai) 1 TTlanamn. 

l.m., n. th.,A; om.,B. >->> ill., t h. , A, B ; om., B. .uii.,A,B. 
A.D. 1073. .nn., B. Incorrectly. b })enicencia, A. 

subsequent entry, A D. 1093, was 
Donnchad (called Duncan in the 
Chronicle). He lived for twenty-one 
years at the English Court. 

1073. 1 Beh!nn. "Bevinny[=*iw/f 
(daughter), a form retained in the pre- 
sent language] Brien in her pilgrimage 
died, in Rome, id est, Ardniagh," C. 

2 Conchobar Ua-Mael-Seclainn. 
Conchobor oa Mael-Sechnaell, _rex_ 
Midi, ix. Kalendas Aprilis, Dominico 
tfio Palmarum, occiditur (Marianus 
Scotus, A.D. 1095 = 107:5). In M)7iJ, 
Easter Sunday fell on March 31, ami 
Palm Sunday consequently on March 

1072. 1 Tuesday. Marianus Scotus 
says he was slain on Monday, the 
Gth. Diaitnait, rex Layen, viii. 
Idas Februarii, feria secunda, oc- 
cissus (A.D. 101)4=1072). 

1 Cu- Uladh Ua Flathrai. Cu- 
Ulad oa Flaithrae, feria scxta, iiii. 
Idus Februarii, occiditur (Marianus 
Scotus,A.o. 1094=1072). February 
10 fell on Friday in that year. 

3 The Frankt That is, William 
the Conqueror and his forces. The 
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (A.D. 1072) 
says that when William crossed the 
Tweed, Malcolm gave him hostages. 
Amongst these, we learn from a 


rested in Christ. Diarmait, son of Mail-na-mbo, king of [1072] Bis. 
Leinster and of the Foreigners, fell in battle (the battle 
of Odhbha) by Conchobur Ua Mael-Sechlainu, king_pf 
Tara^ and slaughter of Foreigners and of Leinstermen 
[was inflicted] around him (namely, on Tuesday 1 and on 
the 7th of the Ides [7th] of February). Cu-Uladh Ua 
Flathrai 3 and Mac Assidha, king of Ui-Gobla, were 
killed by the [people of the] South of Bregha. Ua 
Focarta, king of Eili, was killed by Ua Briain. Ruaidhri 
Ua Canannain, king of Cenel-Conaill, was killed by Ua 
Maeldoraidh (namely, Oenghus). The Franks 3 went into 
Scotland, so that they took away the son of the king of 
Scotland with them in hostageship. 

Kalends of Jan. on 3rd feria, 18th of the moon, A.D. [1073 
1073. Bebinn, 1 daughter of Brian [Boruma], died in 
pilgrimage in Ard-Macha. Concobhur Ua Mael- 
Sechlainn, 2 .king of Tara, was killed by the son of Fland 
Ua Mael-Sechlainn in violation of the honour of the 
Staff of Jesus, 2 in. presence of the Stafi. 3 Don? nail, grand- 
son of Ualgarg, chief of Ui-Duibhinnracht ; Cuchaille Ua 
Finn, king <5f Fir-Rois ; Cormac Ua Clothagain, steward 
of Munster, died in penance. A hosting by Tairrdelbach 
[ Ua Briain] into the Half of Conn, so that he carried off 4 
countless spoil from 5 the Gailenga and killed Maelmordha 
Ua Cathusaigh, king of Bregha. Sitriuc, son of Amhlam, 
[King of Dublin] and two grandsons of Brian [Boruma] 
were killed in [the Isle of] Manann. 

2 Staff of Jesus A crozier tradi- 
tionally believed to have been given 
by our Lord to St. Patrick. At first 
preserved in Armagh, it was brought 
to Dublin at the end of the twelfth 
century, where it was destroyed by 
the Reformers in 1538. See O'Curry, 
MS. Materials, p. GOG. 

3 In presence of the Stajf. From this 
expression it may be inferred that the 
assassination took place during Divine 

Service. The Annals of Innisfallen 
state that the son of Fland wrested the 
Staff from Couchobar and struck 
htm with it, thereby causing his 
death. Being a relic, it was probably 
being borne at the time by the kiiig 
in the procession of the Palms. 

4 Carried off. Literally, com- 

5 From. Literally, upon 

tciiNcclcc uuroti. 

|Cal. 1an. 1111. p, L xx.ix., CCnno "Domini m. Ucx. 1111- 
1Yluc ITlael-bnenainn (1*0011,* "Oiapmaic"), coman,ba 
bpenainn ; plairein hUa Cap,o[i]c aincinnec Roip-cfte ; 
"Ounan, ajvoeppcop 5 a ll> Conrnac hUa nflael-ouin, pin 
111*0 ecnai 7 i l cnabaT), puam uicam pebcicen. pniefiunc. 
maeLmopt>a, b comafiba CCilbe, in pace quieuic. Cu- 
cain.ce hlla Ceallaig, comanba tnuniii qtneuit;. b CCfvo- 
ITlaca T>O lorca^o *Oia-TTlaifiT: iafi m-belluaine, co n-a 
tnliC cemplaiC 7 cloccait), ecen, Hui6 7 "Cyuun. Cum- 
UYCOLU hUa hefiOT)u[i]n, 2 cenn bocc Bfienn, pope penicen- 
ciani 8 opcimam m pace quieuic. RagnaLl liUa 
TTla < oa g 6a[i]n, 4 ^1-oomna CCilir, occifu-p epc a fuif. 

1an. u. -p., L x., CCnno "Oonrum m. lxx. u. 
mac* CCmtaim, mic Ra^naill,* \v\ CCca-cbctx ; 
Cinaer hUa Conbeaca-o, coipuc Ceniti[i]L-binni5, mopcui 
ftinc. 81050-0 la "Cainn-oelbac 7 la lee TTlo^a 
Cuinn, co -coiiiiaccuii co hCCc-pfi-oea-o, co 

mai*om b CCfi*oa-monann b pop, TDuificencac 

A.D. 1074. Mn 0>/tAe),B. 8 heTiuT)a[i]n, B. 3 penecenciam, 15. 
4 1TlaroT>a[i]n, B. M ill., t h., A, B. b - b r. m., t. h., A. The omission of 
the items from the text was doubtless an oversight on the part of the c<>pyi-t. 
CeuLtai5, with the exception, of Ce, was cat away in trimming the edgea. 
The entries are omitted in C. 

A.D. 1075. 1 Oceippif , B. TTlac CCThLcnm ton ofAmklam in text, 
with no mac RagnaiU, or, son of Raghnall ill., t. h., A; mac mic 
RajnaiLL ton of the son (grandtoit) of Raghnall in text, B. This last is 
likewise the reading of C. It is also, what is more decisive, given in the Annals 
of Innisfallen. Amhlam is mentioned at 1073, tvpra ; Raghnall was slain in 
the battle of Tara, 071) (=980), supra. Hereby is removed the " uncertainty " 
(arising from the A MS.) which caused Dr. Todd (War of the Gaidhill,etc. t 
p. 2!X)) to omit Godfrey's name from the Genealogical Table (p. 278). b ' b r. in. 
t.h., A; text, B. 

*i>ucct*or of [St.] Aillte Bishop 
of Etnly, co. Tipferary. 

4 StKcettur of [..] Muru. Abbot 
of Fahan, co. Donegal. 

s Both Clote and Third. (Literally, 
btticcen Close und Third.) That is, the 

1074. * Succettor of [<.] Brtn- 
niiin. That is, according to the An- 
nals of Innisfallen, bishop of Ardfert, 
co. Kerry. 

2 Jlerenagh. He is called abbot 
in the Annals of Iimisfallua. 



Kalends of Jan. on 4th feria, 29th of the moon, A.D. 

1074. The son of Mael-Brenainn (namely, Diarmait), 
successor of [St.] Brenainn 1 ; Flaithemh Ua Caroic, 
herenagh 2 of Ros-cre ; Dunan, archbishop of the Foreigners 
[of Dublin] ; Cormac Ua Maelduin, master of learning 
and in piety, felicitously finished their life. Maelmordha, 
successor of [St.] Ailbe, 8 rested in peace. Cucarrce Ua 
Ceallaigh, successor of [St.] Muru, 4 rested. Ard-Macha 
was burned on Tuesday after May-Day [May 6], with all 
its churches and bells, both Close and Third. 5 Cumuscach 
Ua hEroduin, 6 head of the poor of Ireland, after most 
excellent penance rested in peace. Ragnall Ua 
Madadhain, royal heir of Ailech, was slain by his own 

Kalends of Jan. on 5th feria, 10th of the moon, A.D. 

1075. Godfrey, son of Amhlam, son of Raghnall, king of 
Ath-cliath ; Cinaeth Ua Conbeathad, chief of Cenel- 
Binnigh, died. A hosting by Tairrdelbach and by the 
Half of Mogh 1 into the Half of Conn, till they reached 
Ath-fhirdeadh, so that the Airgialla inflicted the defeat 
of Ard-Monain upon Muircertach Ua Briain, a place where 

-Nights. Night, the context shows, 
in these Annals and elsewhere, some- 
times signifies by synecdoche the 
vvxQ'hlJ-epov, period, from nightfall 
to nightfall (cf. sen-night, fortnight). 
Festiva sancti Columbae nox et so- 
lemnis dies nos iiivenit valde tristiti- 
catos (Adamnan, Vita Col., iii. 45). 
Here the singular shows that nox and 
dies are taken collectively. The 
Tripartite Life of St. Patrick men- 
tions the forty nights of Lent (Part 
ii). The same expression glosses 
forty niyhts in the Senchas Mor (i. 
196). The Book of Armagh (folio 
18 c) has three nights (that is. nights 
and days). See Ideler, Handbuch der 
math. u. tech. Chronologic, Berlin, 
1825, vol. i. p. 79 sq. 


whole of the city. Armagh consisted 
of the Fort, or Close ( locum in alto 
positum, Book of Armagh, fol. 20 d), 
and suburbs (suburbana ejus, ib.) 
The latter were called Thirds from 
their number. See Reeves, Ancient 
Churches of Armagh, p. 14. 

6 Ua hEroduin. Another obit, evi- 
dently from a different source, is given 
by the Four Masters at 1075. In it Ua 
hEroduin is called Abbot of Armagh. 

1075. l nalf of 3%fc.-.The 
Southern half of Ireland. So called 
from Mogh Nuadat (whose first 
name was Eogaii Taidlech), father of 
Ailill Olum, the father of Eogan 
Mor (named from the grandfather), 
eponymous head of the Eoganachts. 
(L.L. p. 319 b). 




hUa m-bfuain, 7>u i copcparufi ite. "Oonnca-o hUa Ca- 
ll an na[i]n,pi [Cenitnl-jConaill, occijni]* 1 ey-c. "Oomnall, 
mac TTluncaT>a, pi CCca-cliar, -DO ec T>O galup cpi n-oi-oce. 
"Oomnall htla CamT)etba[i]n 7>o mafiba'5 T>O CCifigial- 

b'P' ICaU 1an. tn. p., 1. xx. 1., CCnno "Oomini m. lxr.ui. 
^ai^beic hUa Innpeccaig, pi hUa-TTlenc, o pefiait) 

A 46c TTli^e; ^illa-Cpifc hUa | "OuibDcqia, pi pefi-TDanac, 1 
n-*0aim-inip ta pifiu-TDanac, occip func. "Oomnalt 
htla Cfiica[i]n, |\i hUa-piacyiac CCp'oa-ffiara, j afi ime 
T>O mapba-5 T>'Uib-'CuiiiT:]ii 7 T>O Ceniut-Tn-binnig 
linni. Tnuficaf>, mac plamn Mil TTlaiL-Seclainn, yii 
"Cemfiac ppi pe cpi n-oi*5ci, "DO mafiba'D 1 cloiccriuc 

B 43d Cen|ann fa -DO mac mic 1Tlaela[i]n, ju ^a^en^. Sloi^e-D 
la TxHfifvoelbac 1 Connac^u, co ramie 1 ju Connacc 1 n-a 
rec, iT>on, Huaiiifii htla Concobaifi. THaiDm OeLac |\ia 
n-CCe-5 hlla TTlaet-SecUnrm 7 pia pepaiC TDuiji-Ica 
pofi Ciarmacc[a], co fiola-5 a tvoeiisdp. Cete, mac"0on- 
naca[i]n, cenn cfiabaT) e^enn, m Chfiifco quieuir. 
^opmlaic, m^en Hi phocapra,* ben' "Caipjvoetbais htli 
b|iiain, -DO ec. 

"(Cat. 1an. i. p., t. 11., CCnno T)ommi m. lxx. uii. 
"CaififiDeatbac hUa m-bpiain i n-hllib-Ceinn- 
, sunjxocuibfus mac "Oomnaill pemaifi, 1-oon, fii 

DO mapba-5 la TTlael-Seclainn, la pi "Cempac. hUa 
Loin^fij, pi T)al-CCpaiT>e, a f uip occifup e^v. TTlupca'5 

A.D. 107G. 1 cami5, A. 'ocajxca (p om., not being pronounced), B. 
'bean, B. om., B. 
A.D. 1077. ^m.,^ 

1076. J A'iffhts.SeK note 2 under 
t he preceding year. 

a Grandson vj Matlan. Tiger- 
rach says (A.D. 1076) bis name was 
Amlaini. The ' patronymic was Ua 

3 Stark slaughter. Literally, red 

4 Celt Bishop of Leinster (Kil- 
dare), according to the Four Masters. 
They add that he died [probably, as 
pilgrim] in Glendalough. 

8 Died. In Killaloe (Annals of 



fell many. Donnchadh Ua Canannain, king of Cenel- [1075] 
Conaill, was slain. Domnall, son of Murchadh, king of 
Ath-cliath, died of an illness of three nights. 2 Domnall 
Ua Caindelbain was killed by the Airgialla. 

Kalends of Jan. on 6th feria, 21st of the moon, A.D. [1076] Bis. 
1076. Gairbeith Ua Innrechtaigh, king of Ui-Meith, by 
the Men of Meath ; Gilla-Crist Ua Duibdara, king of 
Fir-Manach, in Daim-inis by the Fir-Manach, were slain. 
Domnall Ua Cricain, king of Ui-Fiacrach of Ard-sratha, 
and slaughter [took place] around him was killed by 
the Ui-Tuirtri and by the Cenel-Binnigh of the Glen. 
Murchadh, son of Flann Ua Mail-Sechlainn, king of Tara 
for the space of three nights, 1 was killed in the steeple of it '!' 
Cenannus by the grandson of Maelan, 2 king of Gailenga. 
A hosting by Tairrdelbach into Connacht, so that the 
king of Connacht, namely, Ruaidhri Ua Conchobair, came 
into his house. The defeat of Belat [was inflicted] by 
Aedh Ua Mael-Sechlainn and by the Men of Magh-Itha 
upon the Ciannachta, so that stark slaughter 3 of them 
was inflicted. Cele, 4 son of Donnacan, head of the piety 
of Ireland, rested in Christ. Gormlaith, daughter of Ua 
Focarta[King of Eili], wife of Tairrdelbach Ua Briain,died. 5 

Kalends of Jan. on 1st feria, 2nd of the moon, A.D. 
1077. A hosting by Tairrdelbach Ua Briain into Ui- 
Ceinnselaigh, so that he fettered the son of Domnall the 
Fab, namely, the king of Ui-Ceinnselaigh. The grandson 
of Maelan, 1 namely, king of Gailenga, was killed by Mael- 
Sechlainn, [that is] by the king of Tara. Ua Loingsigh, 
king of Dal-Araidhe, was slain by his own [tribesmen], 
Murchadh [son of Conchobar] Ua Mael-Sechlainn was 

1077. l Grandson of Maelan. adds that it took place immediately 

Tigernach and the Iimisfallen Annals after the assassination ; the latter, 

agree in placing the slaying of Mur- before the end of two months, 
chad's slayer at 107G. The former 



lillu Illaet-Sectainn T)0 mafibaT) o epaiC "Cebca. 
lT)an>m TTlaite-T>en5i pop. pepu-TTlanac pia Cenel- 
eo^ain Telca-oftfe, 8 -011 1 copcpa-oun 8 ite. Colcu hlla 
epo-&a[i]n,* cenn bocc CCip-oe-TTlaca, m pace quieuic. 
OCiltbe, mgen m-o abcro, ben* pi| CCijvceji 7 comapba 
ITIoninne 7 ^illa-pacpaic, p.i Caipppi-hUa-Ciap.T>ai, in 
pemcencia mopxui ininc. hUa Ceteca[i]n, fiiT)OTYina 
7 Huapc hUa Ca-ouf aig, occif i f unc- 

}Cal. 1an. 11. p> ^ X.IIL, CCnno "Domini TT1. bcx. uin. 
Lo^can, hua Opiain, T>O ecait. l/ectobup.* hUa Lait>5- 
nen, i^on, 1 aijvoni CCippatt, 8 DO mafiba-5 ta Huait>ni 
hUa Rua^aca[i]n. Concobafi hUa bfimin, yii 'Celca- 
o[Vjc 7 ftiT)amna 6jienn, T>O mayiba^ (iT> b efc, cum fiia 
uxofie b ) "DO Cenel-0inni5 ^inni. "Oube^a, ingen 
CCTTial^a^ajComaiiba pacpmc, ben |n CCifi^en, -DO ecaiTI. 
T)omnall, mac mic "dseiinain, fii Conmacne ; Cacal, 
mac "Domnaill, fii Cemuil 8 -6nnai, o Ceniul s -Go5ain na 
hlnnfi (i-oon, 11 im ma-omum TTlui5i-leine 4b ); Concubiifi 
hUa "Oonnca-oa, fii-oomna Caifit, occifi funr. TTlaiT)m 

ec alu mutn. 6 CC|i 
pop Conaitbt) pia n-l1ib-TT1eic, 1 cojicaip mac Mil 
"CfieoT)a[i]n 6 , fii Con ai tie. 

3 relca-oc, B. 3 t>ari, B. 4 6riu , B. 5 bean, A. 6 teat\, A. 

A.D. 1078. 'om., A. 2 CCit\sialla, A,B. 3 Cenel,B. 4 rnaiRi-leane, 
B. 5 mutcn, B. "'Cheyxcyoan, B. * CMTVOJXI CCiixgiall in letlobuyv 
ardJciny of A iryialla (icajt) Lethlobirr, 1. m. , t h., A. ; om., B. b - b 1. m., t. h. , 
A; r. m., t h., B. 

2 Daughter of the aViot. O'Dono- 
van (p. 910) equates Ailbe and the 
successor of St. Moninne (of Newry), 
and infers that this is an instance of 
a married woman being an abbess. 
But the text of the Four Masters docs 

not necessarily mean this. It can 
signify that Colcu, Aillbe and the 
abbess died. This is put beyond doubt 
by the present entry, where the 
meaning is clearly that Aillbe and 
the abbess and Gilla-Patraic, all 


killed by the Men of Tebtha The defeat of Mail- [1077] 
derg [was inflicted] upon the Fir-Manach by the Cenel- 
Eogain of Telach-oc, a place where fell many. Colcu 
Ua Erodhain, head of the poor of Ard-Macha, rested in 
peace. Aillbe, daughter of the abbot, 2 wife of the king 
of the Airthir ; and the successor of [St.] Moninne ; and 
Gilla-Patraic, king of Cairpri-Ua-Ciardai, died in penance. 
Ua Celecain, royal heir of the Airthir, and Ruairc Ua 
Cadusaigh were slain. 

Kalends of Jan. on 2nd feria, 13th of the moon, A.D. 
1078. Lorcan, grandson of Brian [Boruma] died. Leth- 
lobur Ua Laidhgneo, namely, archking of Airgialla, 
was killed by Ruaidhri Ua Ruadhacain. Concobar Ua 
Briain, king of Telach-oc and royal heir of Ireland, was 
killed (together, namely, with his wife) by the Cenel- 
Binnigh of the Glen. 1 Dubesa, daughter of Amhalgaidh 
successor of Patrick, wife of the king of the Airthir, died. 
Domnall, son a Mac Tigernain, king of Conmacni ; 
Cathal, son of Domnall, king of Cenel-Ennai, by Cenel- 
Eogain of the Island (namely, in the defeat of Magh- 
Leine) ; Concobur Ua Donnchadha, royal heir of Cashel, 
were slain. A defeat [was inflicted] upon the Ui- 
Cremtainn by the Men of Fern-magh on Sliab-[F]uait, 2 
wherein fell Goll-claraigh and others many. Slaughter 
[was inflicted] upon the Conaille by the Ui-Meith, 
wherein fell the son of Ua Treodain, king of Conaille. 


three, died in penance : very probably 
at Armagh. Colcu was perhaps the 
brother of Cumusach Ua hEroduin, 
who died in 1074, supra. 

1078. 1 Cenel- Binniyh nf the Glen. 
How it happened that O'Brien was 
slain by this Tyrone sept appears from 
the Annals of Innisfalleu, which state 
that he had received the kingship 

in Cenel-Eogain (was crowned in 
Tullaghoge). They add (without 
mention of the wife) that the slayer 
was slain straightway, and that Ken- 
nedy O'Brien received the kingship. 
2 SKab-[F Juait. Mount \F]uat. 
The infected]/" (/A) was omittei] 
in pronunciation. " Slevfuaid," C. 

32 ccwicclcc uloroti. 

I |Cal. 1an. iii-v\, 1. xx.1111., (XnnoT)omini 1T). lxx. ix. 
I4a> Ceallac liUa ttuanaDa, apDollam 6penn ; Cu-TTIiDe, 
mac mic Lofica[i]n, jii pefinm 11151 ; mac 5illai'-*Oi5De 
hth lx>fica[i]n, fecnap CCnDa-TYlaca; mac Cuinn, cenn 
bocc Cluana-mac-Noif, quieuen.unc' in pace.* 

leal- 1an. [i]u. -p., I. u., OCnno *Oomini 171. lxxx., 
T)onn hUa Lerlobufi]^ 1 , ju penn-muip, DO manbaD DO 
hUio'-Laten 1 8leib-[p]uair;. hlla Cianr>a[i],ni Cainbfie, 
m [u]f efr. Ceallac, comanba pacpaic, nacu^ 
epc. T)e^b-pop5ailt, ! mgen mic bpiam, ben "Oiafimara, 
mic TTlail-na-mbo, DO ecaib 1 n-lmb^. 6ocaiD hUa, fii pe]in-mui5i, DO majiba-o pen. Dolum. 
"Donn^leiBe bl1a 6ocaDa DO Dul ipn Ilium am co 
maicib UlaD laif, Oft cenn cuap.ii frail. TTlaiDm CCra- 
ep^ail 1 raeC Clocai]i f oji |.'ef u'-HTanac |iia n-*0omnall 
hUa toclamn 7 fia peyxai^ rnuii-1ca, 1 toficnxroun 4 
in^pinnciDe CCiaDa-TTlata, 5 iDon, Sirjuuc hlla Coenia[i]n 
7 mac "Heill hUi Shen.nai 8 ec aln : 

1 n--Dion5ncrc taeic a 
SocaiT>e bef cen inriiain 

A.D. 1079. ^iMa , A motnuncutx, C. 

A. D. 1080. l baiyx, B. a T)eariboixj;aill (p om. ), B. 'VejxaiG , B. 
4 -oaix, B. * TTIaca om., B. ^eai\|xais. A. * on text spaw. u. t. h., A ; 
om., B. 

107J>. J Ceallach Ua Ruanadhn . 
Cu-Midhe. "Cellacb 0' Ruanaa,nrch- 

3 [Mael-Chiarains, Devotee of (St.) 
Ciaran]. Supplied from the Four 

poet of Ireland, Cuinie," etc., C. The Masters. See Christian Inscriptions, 
infected d (dK) in Ruanadha and CM- pp. GG-7. 

Midhe (llound of Heath) was not 
pronounced. For Ua Ruanadha 
(O'Rooney) see Todd Lectures, Ser. 
iii, I.e. t. ii. 

2 Gilla-Digde Devotee of (St.) 

Jtigde (Virgin). One of the name is 
piven in the Martyrology of Tallaght 
at Jan. G ; another, at Apr. 25. 

1080. l Sliab [F~\vat. ''Slevuaid, 
id ett. Mountaine," C. 

2 Through treachery. " By sleight," 

*Nobles. Literally, worthies. 

4 For the sake of stipend. Jhe 
translator of C. correctly renders : "to 
bring wages." They were condo(tieri, 
in fact. 



Kalends of Jan. on 3rd feria, 24th of the moon, A.D. [1079] 
1079. Ceallach 1 Ua Ruanadha, chief bardic professor of 
Ireland ; Cu-Midhe, 1 grandson of Lorcan, king of Fern- 
magh ; the son of Gilla-Digde 8 Ua Lorcain, vice-abbot of 
Ard-Macha; [Mael-Chiarain] 8 the son of Conn, head of 
the poor of Cluain-mac-Nois, rested in peace. 

Kalends of Jan. on 4th feria, 5th of moon, A.D. 1080. 
Bonn Ua Lethlobuir, king of Fern-magh, was killed by 
the Ui Lathen on Sliab-fFJuait. 1 Ua Ciardai, king of 
Cairbri, died. Ceallach [Celsus], successor of Patrick, 
was born. Derbfhorgaill, daughter of the son of Brian 
[Boruma], wife of Diarmait, son of Mail-na-mbo, died in 
Imlech. Eochaidh CJa Merligh, king of Fern-magh, was 
killed through treachery. 2 Donnsleibhe Ua Eochada went 
into Munster with the nobles 3 of Ulidia along with him 
for the sake of stipend. 4 The defeat of the Ford of Ergal 
by the side of Clochar [was inflicted] upon the Fir-Manach 
by Domnall Ua Lochlainn and by the Men of Magh-Itha, 
wherein fell the- persecutors 5 of Ard-Macha, namely, 
Sitriuc Ua Coemain and the son of Niall Ua Serraigh 

and others : 

(The Ford of Ergal [it is], 
Wherein heroes cause" the dispersing ; 
A multitude shall be without delight 
From the conflict of the Ford of Ergal.) 

The Annals of Innisfallen, at 1078, 
state that Donnsleibhe was dethroned 
and went to O'Brien, his place being 
taken by (Aed) Merauach Ua 

5 The persecutors (inffrinntide[-i]'). 
O'Conor, to whom nothing appa- 
rently presented any difficulty, reads 
in grainntide Ard, and translates by 
Grnnarii custos Armachanus! The 
translator of C. taking his text to 
be = * n-glimtib, renders it : "in the 
valleys. " 

6 Wherein heroes cause. In the 
original, i n-diongnat laeich ; which the 
Four Masters, according to O'Donovan, 
transcribe in drony naittlaic. The 
editor, however, renders the words [?] 
by " people shall hereafter be there (dis- 
persed)" ! Furthermore (to judge from 
the printed text), they give the verse in 
two lines, ending respectively inaterb- 
haid and Erghail. But it is a quatrain 
in Rannaihacht bee gairet, hepta- 
syllabic lines ending in dissyllables. 
The metre is called gairet 

owicclcc ulcmti. 



]Cal. 1an. ui. p., L, CCnno "Domini TT1. bcxoc. 1. 
TTlac Inseinjice, ni Conaille, -DO manba-o o pet\ai!5- 
Penn-mtnsi. TTla[cJ Cfia hUa Oca[i]n,mtnpe Cenitnt- 
Pefi^ufa 1 ; TTlaetmici^ hUa TTlaelfitianaig, fii hUa- 
TjUifirpi, o Cenel-binnig ^linni ; hUa Uarmutia[i]n,* 
ni pep-li, occifi punc. hUa TTlacsanina, yii ULa-6 -DO 
mafiba-b ta hUa n-eoca-ba 1 n-T)un-T>a-lec5taf. i 
Cfxone, uafatfacafic CCtiT>a-TTIaca ; hUa 
ai|icninec Con*D6|ie 8 ; ptann hUa Lopca[i] 
Lusbai-5, m penicenaa -0011111 iefiunr. Coficac co n-a 
7 Ceall-T>a-lua ab igne T)if[f]ipcrca[e] 

1an. un.p.,l. acx. un., CCnno "Oommi TT1. bcxx.n. 
hUa TT1 ael/pabcnlt, |ii Caifipce-bfiacai-oe ; 
mac CCTVial^a-Da, coifec Clomne-bpefail ; 
"Oomnall, mac Concobuifi hlli Ojaiain; Coral, mac CCe'&a 
htli Concobaiyi 1 ; plaicbepcac hUa TT1aetaT)Uin, ^1 
, mac TTlael-TTluiiiej coi^ec Cenitnl- 
,* omnef occifi func. 
("Oomnatt, a TTlac 'Cai-bg hlli Concobaip, fii-oamna 
Connacc, 7)0 mapba'D la Caal hUa Concobain. cpia 
pell. Cacal hUa Concobuifi T>O uicim hi cac la 
Concobaifi, co focai-oe moip tnme*.) 

I ]caU 1an. i. p., 1. ix., CCnno T)ommi 171. Ixxx. 111. 
"Oomnall hUa Cananna[i]n, p\ Ceniu[i]L-Conailt, a 
puif occipuf efc. CCe-o hlla TTlael-Seclainn, fii CCibg ; 

A.D. 1081. 'Ceniul^-, A. 2 mafian, B. 'Connetxe, B. 
A.D. 1082. 1 buifi, B. 'Cenel , B. -f. m n n. t, h., A; om., B; 
given in C. 
A.D. 1083. l Cenel , B. 

because the opening line is (four syl- 
lables) short of the normal number. 
See Todd. Led., ubi sup. 

1081. 1 Steward. Here again, the 
Four Matter* change muire of the 
Ulster Annals into tigherna (lord). 

8 Ua Mathgamna. This entry is 
at variance with the Ulidian regnal 
list (L.L.. p. 41), in making Ua 
Mathgamna king. The correct ver- 
sion is probably that of the Annals 
of Innisfallen, in which it is stated 



Kalends of Jan. on 6th feria, 16th of the moon, A.D. 

1081. Mac Ingerrce, king of Conaille, was killed by the 
Men of Fern-magh. Ma[c] Craith Ua Ocain, steward 1 of 
Cenel-Fergusa ; Maelmithigh Ua Maelruanaigh, king 
of Ui-Tuirtri, by the Cenel-Binnigh of the Glen; Ua 
Uathmarain, king of Fir- Li, were slain. Ua Mathgamna, 8 
king of Ulidia, was killed by Ua Eochadha in Dim-da- 
lethglas. Gilla-Crone, 3 eminent priest of Ard-Macha ; Ua 
Robartaigh) herenagh of Condere; Flann Ua Lorcain, 
eminent priest of Lughbaid, 4 slept in penance. Cork 
with its churches and Cell-da-lua were wasted by fire. 

Kalends of Jan. on 1st feria, 9th of the moon, A.D. 

1082. Gilla-Crist Ua Maelfhabaill, king of Carraic- 
Bracaidhe ; Finnchadh, son of Amhalgaidh, chief of 
Clann-Bresail ; Domnall, son of Conchobur Ua Briain ; 
Cathal, son of Aedh Ua Conchobair ; Flaithbertach Uq, 
Maeladuin, king of Lurg ; Uidhrin, son of Mael-Muire, 
chief of Cenel-Feradhaigh, were all slain. 

(Domnall, 1 son of Tadhg Ua Concobair, royal heir of 
Connacht, was killed by Cathal Ua Concobair through 
treachery. Cathal 1 Ua Concobair fell in battle 2 by 
Ruaidhri Ua Concobair, with a great multitude around 

Kalends of Jan. on 1st feria, 9th of the moon, A,D. 

1083. Domnall Ua Canannain, king of Cenel-Conaill, 
was slain by his own [tribesmen]. Aedh Ua Mael- 


that Gall-na-gorta Ua Mathgamna 
was slain in Downpatrick by Donn- 
sleibhe Ua Eochadha. 

3 Gilla-Crone. Devotee of (St.~) 
Crone (Virgin). Seventeen of the 
name are given in the Homonymous 
Lists of Saints in the Book of Leinster 
(p. 369 a). 

4 Priest of Lughbaid. The Annals 
of Innisfallen say he was lector of 

The Four Masters reverse the order 
of this and the preceding obit, and state 
(doubtless by an error of transcription) 
that Ua Robartaigh (O'Roarty) was 
herenagh of Louth. 

1082. 1 Domnall; Cathall. These 
two bracketted items are found in 
Tigernach and the Annals of Boyle. 

2 Fell in battle The so-called An- 
nals of Loch Ce (adan.) state that O'Co- 
nor died a natural death (mortuus ef). 




cciiMCclcc uloroti. 


TTluipcepcachlla CaipilU aipcinnec "Ouin, fui bpecenV 
nacca 7 feancaif; Ta-og 8 hUa "Cai-Dg, aipcinnec Cille- 
oa-lua, m pace quieuepunc. ^illa-TTloninne, aipcinnec 
Lu^bai-5, occifUf 8 efc. CCe-o TTlepanac T>O bacuT) ac 
Luimniuc. Ri Cemuil-6nnai* T)O mapba^B la "Donnca'5 
hUa TTlael-Seclamn, la pi n-CCilig. "Oomnall hUa 
Loclainn -DO abail pii Ceniuil-eogam. Cpec pi 

Conailbt5, co cue bojioma mofi 7 co cafiai'5 
-o'cn cp.eic fin -DO pejiaib 

leal. 1an. 11. -p., L xx., CCnno *Oommi m. bcxx. 1111. 
"Oonnca'5 hUa TYlael|iuanai5, pefifecucoyi aec[c]lefia- 
fium, "DO mayiba'D e^efi copp 7 an mam o pepaib-Luipg. 
^lenn--Da-loca, cum fuif cemplif,T)olofca'5. TTIuipe-oac 
hUa Ce^nen, aificinnec Cluana-6oif, DO ecc. 81050-0 
la T)onnfleiCe, fii Ula'5, co "Ofiocac-n-CCca, co cafiac 
^imjuijncal -oo mac Caib hUi Ruaific. C|iec la T)ohS- 
nall hUa Loclamn can. a eip 1 1 n-UllcaiB, co cucfac 
bofioma mop. Slo^a-b la pepu TTluman 1 TDi-De 7 if 
pof. an fluaga-o fin ar>bac Con cob up. hUa Cecpaca. 
"Docuacup 2 Conmacne 1 "Cuac-mumam can. a n-eifi, 
co fioloifCfec-DUine 8 7 cella 4 7 co fiucfan cfieic- TTlai-Dm* 
TTlona-Cfiumeoice* pi a tec TTlosa fop "Oonnca'5 hUa 
Ruaipc, 1 copcaip hUa Ruaipc (iT>on, b "Oonnca-o, mac 

3 "Cai-og, B. * TT u r' ^* * Genial , B. 

A.D. 1084. ' a, B. 2 ^afv, B. 8 -oune, B. * cealla, B. 5 baeu-6, B. 
'* Ca6 Tnotia-cixuinneogi Battle nf Moin-crvinneogi is placed on left 
margin, n. t. h., opposite these words, A. b ~ b itl., t. h., A ; om., B. 

1083. 1 llerenagh. Tigeraach 
and the Innisfallen Annals call 
him, probably with justice, Comarba 
(= bishop). 

a Aedh Meranach. Aed the 
furious. Tigernach calls him Ua 
Eochadha, King of Uliclia. (See 
1080, note 4, supra; from which, 
taken with present entry, is to be 
corrected the list of Kings in L.L. (p. 

41 d), in which two years are as- 
signed to his reign. The scribe mis- 
took u for if.) 

His being drowned at Limerick 
shows that Aed, like Donnsleibhe, 
was in the service of O'Brien. 

9 Royal foray. An idiomatic ex- 
pression, signifying the first expedition 
made by a king after his inaugura- 


Sechlainn, king of Ailech ; Muircertach Ua Cairill, 
herenagh of Dun, doctor of jurisprudence and of history ; 
Tadhg Ua Taidhg, herenagh 1 of Cell-da-lua, rested in 
peace. Gilla-Moninne, herenagh of Lughbaidh, was slain. 
Aedh Meranach 2 was drowned at Limerick. The king 
of Cenel-Ennai was killed by Donnchadh Ua Mael- 
Sechlainn, [that is] by the king of Ailech. Domnall Ua 
Lochlainn took the kingship of Cenel-Eogain. A royal 
foray 3 [was made] by him upon Conaille, so that he took 
away great cattle-spoil and gave stipend out of that foray 
to the Men of Fern-ma^h. 

Kalends of Jan. on 2nd feria, 20th of the moon, A.D. [io84Bis. 
1084. Donnchadh Ua Maelruanaigh, persecutor of 
churches, was killed, both body and soul, 1 by the Men of 
Lurg. Glenn- da-locha, with its churches, was burned. 
Muiredhach Da Cethnen, herenagh of Cluain-eois, died. 
A hosting by Donnsleibhe, king of Ulidia, 2 to Drochat- 
atha, so that he gave stipend to the son of Cailech Ua 
Ruairc. A foray [was made] by Domnall Ua Lochlainn 
after him 8 into Ulidia, so that they took away great 
cattle-spoil. A hosting by the Men of Munster into 
Meath, and it is upon that hosting died Concobur Ua 
Cetfatha. The Conmacni went into Thomond after them, 4 
so that they burned forts and churches and took away 
spoil. The defeat of Moin-cruinneoice [was inflicted] by 
the Half of Mogh upon Donnchadh Ua Ruairc, wherein 
fell Ua Ruairc (namely, Donnchadh, son of Cailech 
Ua Ruairc) and Cennetigh Ua Briain and others most 

1084. 1 J3oth body and soul. 
Literally, between body and soul, 
That is, that he was either captured 
and put to death without benefit of 
clergy ; or killed in the act of dese- 

2 Donnsleibfie, King of Ulidia 

That is, Ua Eochadha. See A.D. 
1080, note 4, supra. 

3 After him. That is, whilst Donn- 
sleibhe was absent on the expedition. 

* After them. When, namely, the 
Munstermen were gone to Meath. 





tith Ruaific b ) 7 Cennen^ hUa bpiam ec atn 
plunimi (hi c quaniroecim d jcalann Mouimbpip ). "Oom- 
nall hUa ailmf\ef>ai5 T>O mafibar> TJO "Oomnalt hUa 
Loclainn. 5 1 ^a-pacn.aic, eppoc CCca-ctiar, T>O 

(hoc* anno ecctefia 8ancc[a]e Quince -oe 
61 p. 

]Cat. 1an. 1111.' p., L 1., CCnno "Domim TH. lxxx . 
TTlac 8011115, mpcinnec 1nnfi-cain-"0e5a; Ugaipe hUa 
Lai7>5nen,aip.cinnec | pefina;^op.m5atLoi5fec,comafiba 
peclef a bpi^ce 1 n-CCfi'D-TTlaca, f ui b 1 n-ecna 7 1 c|iabaT> b ; 
TTIaet-fneccai, mac Lulai, |ii TTluitieb; CLeiyiec hUa 
8elbaif>, aipcinnec Copcaip 1 , fuam uicam pebcice|i 
pniejiunc. TTlufica'5 hUa TTlael''D, fii Ceni'u[i]L- 
Conaill; "Oomnall, mac TTlael-Coluim, |ii CClban ; 
TTlinn.eT>ac, mac Ruai-D[ii htli Rua"5aca[i]n ; bUal^apc 
hUa Ruaific, fiiDomna Connacc; Oenguf hUa CainT>et- 
ba[i]n, pi Loe^uifn, 2 -puam uicam inpebciceyi pmepunc. 

| ]Cat. 1an. u. -p., I. xii., CCnno T)ommi TTl. lxxx. ui. 
TTlael-lpu hUa bpolca[i]n, fui m ecnai 7 in cpaboD7 1 

** 1. m., t h., A ; om., B, C. d .x.mi., MS. ^L ra., n. t h., A; om., B. 

A.D. 1085. x cnt>e,B. * ai|ve, B .uit.,B. The scribetookthe first two n. 
of 1111. foru., a mistake of frequent recurrence. Ub pii int> ecnai 7 in qfiabcro 
matter of wisdom and of piety, B. 

8 The 14tA The Four Masters 

(ad an.) say the 4M of the Kalends 
[Oct. 29]. They overlooked x. in the 
arm*, of their original (MS. A). 

6 GiOa-Patraic. Devotee of [St] 
Patrick. He was consecrated in 
London in 1073 by Lanfranc, Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury, in accordance 
with the request of the Dublin 
clergy. He made a profession to 
Lanfranc, from whom he received 
letters dignas valde memoriae (Ap- 
pendix to Anglo-Saxon Chronicle), to 
be delivered to the kings of Ireland. 

7 This year, etc. Given in Irish in 
the Four Masters. 

8 At. Literally, of. Of the twelve 
given in the Homonymous Lists (L.L. 
p. 369b), the Saint intended was most 
probably Fainche of Lough Ree, whose 
feast was Jan. 1 (Mart. Tal., L.L. p. 
355 c). 

1085. ' Superior Literally, suc- 
cessor ; but employed here and 
elsewhere in the secondary sense of 
superior (abbot, or bishop, or both). 
Gormgal was an abbot 

2 Mael-sncchtui. His name occurs, 



numerous (on the 14th 5 of the Kalends of November [Oct. 
19]. Domnall Ua Gailmredhaigh was killed by Domnall 
Ua Lochlainn. Gilla-Patraic, 6 bishop of Ath-cliath, was 

(This 7 year the church of Saint Fuinche [Fainche] at 8 
Kosoirrther was founded.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 4th feria, 1st of the moon, A.D. [loss] 

1085. Mac Soillig, herenagh of Inis-cain of [St.] Daig; 
Ughaire Ua Laidhgnen, herenagh of Ferns ; Gormgal 
Loigsech, superior 1 of the establishment of Brigit in Ard- 
Macha, eminent in wisdom and in piety; Mael-snechtai, 8 
son of Lulach, king of Moray; Cleirech Ua Selbaidh, 
herenagh 8 of Cork, felicitously finished their life. Mur- 
chadh CJa Maeldoraidh, king of Cenel-Conaill ; Domnall, 
son of Mael-Coluim, king of Scotland ; Muiredach, son of 
Ruaidhri Ua Ruadacain ; Ualgarc Ua Ruairc, royal heir 
of Connacht ; Oengus Ua Caindelbain, king of Loeghaire, 
inf elicitously 4 finished their life. 

Kalends of Jan. on 5th feria, 12th of the moon, A.D. [1086] 

1086. Mael-Isu Ua Brolcain, 1 master of wisdom and of 

as grantor of land to [St. ] Drostan, 
in the second Gaelic charter in the 
Book of Dear (a ninth cent. Evan- 
gelistarium in the Public Library, 
Cambridge). His obit was thus 
doubtless recorded in the Columban 
Annals ; whence it passed into the 
present Chronicle. 

3 Herenagh The Annals of Innis- 
f alien call him Comorba, i.e., successor 
of [Finn-]barr ; that is, bishop of Cork. 

4 Infelicitously. That is, suddenly 
or by violence. 

1C86. * Mael-Isu Ua Brolcain 

Of Mael-Isu's poems in the native 
tongue, that in the Book of Hymns, 
with the rubric Mael-Isu dixit, may 
perhaps be reckoned as ope. It con- 

sists of three quatrains, praying to the 
Holy Ghost through Christ. The final 
distich embodies well the Filioque 
clause of the Nicene Creed : 

A Isn, ronnoeba, 
Rensoera do Spirut. 

" Jesus! may Thy Spirit us sanc- 
tify, us save." 

Another is contained in the Yellow 
Book of Lecan (a MS. in the Library 
of Trinity College, Dublin, classed 
H. 2, 16), col. 336, with the heading 
Mael-Isu [MS. form is Ihu.~]hUa Brol- 
chain ceclnit. It is an invocation of 
the Archangel Michael in nine stanzas. 

A third is given in Lebar Brec 
(Lith. ed., p. 101), with the inscrip- 


CCrltlCClCC UlCCDtl. 

1* m-befitm' ceccafv&ai, fuum 1 

* jcalann pebjxa, 
CCif>a eile pufifa pnn, 
COobat TTlael-1ffU hUa bfiolca[i]n, 
CCc ! cia t>cmac cfiom cam cinn f 

TYlael-Seclainn hUa Pa3la[i]n, acLoec cojaitu ; ITIac- 
beaccco hUa Concobuifi.pi Ciajiai-oe ; ejiccro hllaTTlael- 
poscmiccifi, afi-oeppcop Connacc; tnaet-Coemsin, uapal- 
epfcop Uta-5 ; piacn a U i Hona[i]n, aificinnec CLuana- 
oolca[i]n,in pace -oofimietiunr;. CCmat5ai < 5,mac Ruai%ii 
hlli Rua > oaca[i]n, -DO mafiba-o 7)0 pepaitS pefin-muip. 
<Caifip,-Delbac 4 hUa bpiain, fii epenn, -DO ec i Cmn-copaf>, 
iafi mo|i 7 lap. n^aicpi^i -poca 7 lap comaitc 
Cui|ipC|iifC7 a phota, i Pfii-o IT> 1ml, ipn feccm<r5 b 
blia"5am eccTnoma-5 b a 

CCit>ci TTIaip,c, 
1 ipeil lacoib co n- 
1 nomcro d peer, crobat 
1n c-aifi-Diiij cenn, 

A.D. 1086. W 7 viliT>ecca andofpoetry,^. M in beyvlxn ofthelanguage 
B. 3 puanif A. * t>ecrt/ , A. **t. m., with relative marks, t.h.. A: om 
B. b-b .uii.Tn(TD bliaT>ain .txx. tncro, A, B. c om., B. d .ix., MS. (A). 

tion Mod-Ttu hUa Brochcha[t]n 
ceduit. This is a bilingual rhymed 
prayer of seven stanzas to God the 
Son. The opening quatrain will 
best show the structure. Its singu- 
larity, no doubt, caused the chronicler 
to class the author as an adept " in 
poetry in either language." 

Deus metis, adjuva me, 

Tucc dam do there, a mic mo De, 

Tucc dam do there, a mic mo De t 

Dent meut, adjuva me. 

(The second line means : Give to 
me Thy love (=love of Thee), O Son 
of my God). 

From the foregoing it is evident 
why Ua Brolcain took the name of 
Mael-Isu Devotee of Jems. 

8 Night. See 1975, note 2, supra. 

8 Fursa. XVII. Kal. [Fei.] Dor- 
mitatio[nit~\ Furtei (Mart Tal^ L.L. 
356 b). For his Virion (Vol. I. p. 97 ; 
where he is erroneously styled bishop), 
see Bede, H. E. iii. 19. His death 
(Vol. I. pp. 109, 11 7) took place pro- 
bably in 650. 

4 Alat! etc. The original of this 
line is thus given by the four Matter* : 
Acht cidheadh ni'r from tamh tinn 
(rendered by O'Donovan : "But, 



piety and in poetry in either language, sent forth his [lose] 
spirit : 

The seventeenth of the Kalends of February [Jan. 16], 

The night 2 of the feast of Fursa 3 fair, 

Died Mael-Isu Ua Brolchain, 

Alas 4 ! who [is there] to whom it is not grievous plague sore? 
Mael-Seohlainn Ua Foelain, lay-brother 5 select; Mac- 
beathad Ua Concobuir, king of Ciaraidhe ; Erchadh Ua 
Mael-fhoghamair, archbishop of Connacht [Tuam] ; Mael- 
Coemghin, archbishop of Ulidia [Down] ; Fiachna Ua 
Roriain, herenagh of Cluain-dolcain, slept in peace. 
Amhalgaidh, son of Ruaidhri Ua Ruadhacain, was killed 
by the Men of Fern-magh. Tairrdelbach Ua Briain, king 
of Ireland, died in Cenn-coradh. after much suffering and 

* ' O 

after long penance and after partaking of the Body of 
Christ and of His Blood, on the 2nd of the Ides [14th] 
of July, in the seventh year [and] seventieth of his age : 

The night of Tuesday, 6 on the foreday of the Ides of July, 

On the feast of James 7 of pure mind, 

On the- ninth [and] twentieth 8 [of the moon], died 

The stout archking, Tairrdelbach. 

however, not of a heavy severe fit "). 
Thus misled, Colgan perpetuated the 
error : Nulla tamen infirmitate 
correptus (A A. S3., p. 108). His 
version has been adopted by O'Conor 
(note at A.D. 1086 in his edition of 
the Annals of Ulster). 

8 Lay-brother. Literally, ex-laic. 
The athloech was the laicus, or f rater 
conversus, of the Latin Monastic 
Rules : a monk who was neither in 
Holy Orders, nor bound to recitation 
of the Office. 

The (Penitential) Commutations (in 
Rawlinson B. 512, a MS. in the 
Bodleian Library, Oxford) have: 
Arra na n-athlaech ocus na n-athlae- 

ces cetumusTihe commutation of lay- 
brothers and lay-sisters (is to be set 
forth) first (folio 42 d). As Ua 
Foelain (O'Phelan) was member of a 
ruling family, his humility appeared 
remarkable in the selection of the 
lowest grade hi the monastery. 

6 Tuesday. July 14 fell on that 
day in 1086. For night, see 1075, 
note 2, supra. La (day) being mono- 
syllabic, aidchi was employed here and 
in the preceding quatrain to produce 
a line of seven syllables. 

7 On the feast of James. The in- 
cidence of the festival is taken per- 
haps from the Calendar of Oengus 
(where the saint is called a bishop). 

cctJNCCla: ulccoti. 

' imoppo/ a mac, -DO ec a cinn tYrip- e TTlaiTjm 
na Cpinca pop TTlael-Seaclainn pia LaigniC -j pia 
^aUaio", i rx)pcaip TTlael-Ciapa[i]n hUa Catupai, pi 
bpeg ec aln mulci. Tnaifni pia n-CCipcepaio* pop 
Uift-ecac, 5 i copcaip "Oomnall hUa CCuceii). TTlai-om 
Gocaille pia n-UltcaiC pop CCipgialtu ~] pop Ua-Rua-o- 
aca[i]n, DU i topcaip Cumupcac hUa Lai^ein, pi 8il- 
oninne hUa eoccroa, muvpe Cloinm- 
ec aln 

But it is not so found in the Hierony- 
mian Martyrologies (Acta SS., Jun. t. 
vi., p. 1), some of which give St. 
James of Nisibis and St. James of 
Alexandria at July 15. 

8 OH the ninth [and] twentieth. 
The Four Masters read lar ndo ficket 
adbath " after two (and) twenty died." 
But the change can be detected with 

certainty. The metre is Dtbide 
(consisting, namely, of heptasyllabic 
lines). The syllable short in the read- 
ing of the Four Masters accordingly 
betrays the line in question. The 
29th of the July moou coincided in 
1086 with the 14th of the solar 
month ; new moon having occurred 
on June 1C. Not understanding to 


]Cal. 1an. in- p., L, CCnno "Domini 171. Ixxx. 
1111. "Oomnatt, mac ^illa-paupaic, pi Oppaip, -DO ec. 
Coral hUa CetpaTta t>o mapba-o *DO Lainil5. Cu-pleibe 
hUa CiapTa[i], pi Caipbpe, a puip occipup efc. TTlael- 
Seclainn, mac Concobuip, pi 'Ceampac, -DO mapba-o la 
B 44d pipu Tecba 1 | 1 mebail (iT)on a 1 n-CCp-o-acai-o Gppcoip < 
TTlel 3 ). "Oomnatl Mlalairen -DO mapba-o la "Domnall, 
mac TTlic toclamn. Car (i b Copunn b ) ecep Huai-opi 
hlla Concobaip, pi Conn ace 7 CCe'5 hUa Huaipc, pi 
Conmaicne, 1 copcaip CCe-o , pi Conmaicne 7 main Con- 
maicne. txmpip la macu mic Ragnaill 7 la mac pi 
Ula-o 1 TTlanairm, DU 1 copcpa-oup 2 maic 3 rmc Uagnaill. 
TTlep 4 mop m hoc anno. 

M om., A. 'uep.o, the Latin equivalent, B. 8 Gacac, B. "om., B. 

A.D. 1087. a Tecpa, A. ^-cfiacafx, B. s niac, A. The omission of 
i was doubtless an oversight. 4 meapp, B. itl., t.h., A ; om., B. b-b itL, 
t. h., A; roon, i Coyxunn that w, in Corann, r. m., t. h., B. 
CCet> namely, Aedh, itl., t. h. over ju Conmaicne, B. 


Taidhc, his son, also died at the end of a month. 
The defeat of Crinach [was inflicted] upon Mael- 
Sechlainn by the Leinstermen and by the Foreigners, 
wherein fell Mael-Ciarain Ua Cadhusaigh, king of Bregha 
and others many. A defeat [was inflicted] by the 
Airthir upon the Ui-Echach, wherein fell Domnall Ua 
Atteidh. The defeat of Eochaill [was inflicted] by the 
Ulidians upon the Airgialla and upon Ua Ruadhacain, a 
place wherein fell Cumuscach Ua Laithen, king of Sil- 
Duibhtire and Gilla-Moninne Ua Eochadha, steward 9 of 
Clann-Sinaigh and many others. 

Kalends of Jan. on 6th feria ; 23rd of the moon, A.D. 
1087. Domnall, son of Gilla-Patraic, 1 king of Ossory, died. 
Cathal Ua Cetfada was killed by the Leinstermen. Cu- 
sleibe Ua Ciardhai, king of Cairpri, was slain by his own 
[kinsmen]. Mael-Sechlainn, son of Concobur, king of 
Tara, was killed by the men of Tebtha in treachery 
(namely, in Ard-achaidh of Bishop Mel). Domnall Da 
Laithen was killed by Domnall, son of Mac Lochlainn. 
A battle [was fought] (namely, in Corann) between 
Euidhri Ua Concobair, king of Connacht and Aedh Ua 
Ruairc, king of Conmaicni, wherein fell Aedh, king of 
Conmaicni and the nobles 2 of Conmaicni. A fleet [was led] 
by the grandsons of Ragnall and by the son of the king 
of Ulidia into Manann, 3 a place where fell the grandsons 
of Ragnall. A great crop this year. 


what the numerals had reference, the 
Four Masters changed them to sig- 
nify the regnal years (22) of the 
deceased. Herein, needless to add, 
they have been followed by O'Conor. 
O'Donovan renders the phrase " on the 
twenty-second" and makes no remark. 
9 Steward (muire). Lord (tigherna), 
Four Masters. 

1087. 1 Gilla-Patraic. Died A.D. 
1055 (supra). 

2 Nobles. Literally, good (men). 

3 Mannan. " Id est, He of Man." 
C. The grandsons, there can be little 
doubt, were the sons of the Amhlam 
(Olaf) mentioned at 1075 (supra). 

D 2 



("Cpanplacio d pebquiapum Sancci Nicholaun hoc anno, 
peprimo 1-oup 1Daii. d ) 



bif. fcaU 1an. un. p., L, 1111., CCnno "Domini m Ixxx- uin. 
Catalan htla poppei-5, pui mTj ecnai 7 m cpaba^, 1 tep[t] 
Non TTlapta, i n-1mli-iCaip, T)ia-"Domnai 1nit[e], in 
pace quieuit : 

Catalan*, m cpaBaiT) coip, 
ba pptnt pamai-o 1 , ba penoip, 
top nem, i n-a n-^pianan n-^le, 
Alii) 1 peil Ciapain 8aipe. b - 

la "Domnall, mac TTlic Loclamn, la pi n-CCili, 
A 47c 1 Connactu, co tapT) Ruai^pi J pallu Conn act T>O 7 co 
n-'oeocaDup'oTblinaiD' ipinTTlumain,copoloipcet Luimnec 
7 m macaipe co"Oun-ace-D. co tucpat leo cenn mic Caili 
7 co potocglaipet Cenn-copa-o 7 apaile. T^epnac bUa 
bpoem, aipcmnecCluana-mac-Moip, m Chpipto 
CCp mop pop allu CCta-cbat 7 t<oca-Capman 

pia n-Uib-6acac TDuman ipm-o 16 p.omi-5patup 
5 -DO apcam. TTlael-1pu hUa TTJael-^nipic, 
apT>pile 6penn, T>O ec. 

(tloc c anno natup ept "Coipp-oelbac hUa Concobaip* 
pi Openn. c ) 

d-d n. t. h., A ; om., B ; given in C. 

A.D. 1088. 1 |xxriica is the genitive employed elsewhere in the 
Annals. om., B. ^ f. m., t. h., with corresponding reference marks, A ; 
om., B. ^n. t. h., A ; om., B ; given in 0. 

4 Translation, etc. The relics of 
St. Nicholas of Myra were carried 
off from the church of Myra by 
some merchants of Bari, in Italy 
and placed in the church of St. 
Stephen at Bari, on the 9th of May, 
in this year. 

1088. 1 Sunday of the beginning [of 
Lent]. O'Conor,by an inexcusable 
blunder, renders this by Dominica 
in Quinquagetima. In 1088, Easter 

fell upon April 1 6. Quinquagesma 
was, accordingly, Feb. 26. The 
first Sunday of Lent, as the text 
correctly states, coincided with the 
feast of St. Ciaran, March 5th. 
OTDonovan's Shrovetide Sunday 
(F. M. p. 931), which is the same 
as O'Conor's Q.uinquagesima, was 
doubtless taken from C. 

**Elder senior. This bilingual 
(Hiberno-Latin) hendiadyB is em- 



(Translation 4 of the relics of Saint Nicholas [took place] [1087] 
this year, on the seventh of the Ides [9th] of May.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 7th feria, 4th of the moon, A.D. [i088]Bia. 
1088. Cathalan TJa Forreidh, master of wisdom and of 
piety, on the third of the Nones [5th] of March rested 
in peace, in Imlech-ibhair, the Sunday of the beginning [of 
Lent] i 1 

Cathalan, the devotee just, tt fafof l**fy\ 

He was a community elder 2 , he was a senior ; 2 
To heaven, into its sunny_mansion bright, 
He went on the feast [March 5] of Ciaran of Saighir. 
A hosting [was made] by Domnall, son of Mac Lochlainn, 
[namely] by the king of Ailech, into Connacht, so that 
Ruaidhri gave tjie pledges of Connacht to him and they went, 
both of them, info Miinster, until they burned Limerick 
and the plain as far as Dun-ached [and] carried away with 
them the head of the son of Cailech 3 [Ua Euairc] and 
razed Cenn-coradh and so on 4 . Tighernach Ua Broein, 5 
herenagh of Cluain-mac-Nois, rested in Christ. Great 
slaughter [was inflicted] upon the Foreigners of Ath-cliath 
and of Loch Carman and of Port-lairgi by the Ui-Eachach 
of Munster, on the day they designed to pillage Cork. 
Mael-Isu Ua Mael-Ghiric, 6 archpoet of Ireland died. 

(This year 7 was born Toirrdelbach Ua Concobair, king 
of Ireland.) 

ployed to eke out the line. The 
truth was the senior of the Latin 
Rule : a monk who acted as coun- 
sellor to the abbot and spiritual 
director to the brethren. 

8 Son of Cailech. That is, Don- 
chad, son of Cailech O'Rourke, who 
was slain in the battle of Monecro- 
nock, co. Kildare (supra, A.D. 1084). 
Tigernach ^sub eod . an.) states that 
his head was carried to Limerick. 

* And so on. This expression 
signifies that the account which 

the compiler had before him was 
more diffuse. 

5 Tighernach Ua Broein. The 
well-known compiler of the Annals 
ofTigernach. It seems strange that a 
curt obit like this is all that was de- 
voted to him in the present Chronicle. 

6 Mael-Ghiric. Devotee ofQuiricus 
(or Gricus), martyr, of Antioch : 
commemorated in the Calendar of 
Oengus, at June 16). 

7 This year, etc. Given in the 
Annals of Boyle under 1088. 


ocwicclcc ulcroti. 


^ jCaU Ian. n. p., L, x, u., CCnno"Oommi m. lxxx. 11. 
Lufca T>O lopcaT) 7 noi" picic* Tjume TX> lopcaD i n-a 
oaimliac o phepaib TTluman. CealL-T>ana 7>o lopca-o 
cen. m hoc anno. "Oonnca"5, mac "Domnaill nemaip, pi 
Lai|en, a fuipoccifup epc. TDuificefirac hUa laiem, 
pi 8il-"0uibrifie, *oo ec. Cuic'tpt]5ennai7>e pefi pepn- 
^"iH 1 7 focaitie 1 aficena "DO mapba-5 la hthb-6cac 2 7la 
htlltcu i 8leit5-[f?]uaiu. "Oonnca-5, hua b ^^Ct-Pct^paic' 
pi Ofnaip, a f uif occipiif epr;. ^^M'Pc^P^c hUa Ce- 
teca[i]n, fecnap CCp-oa-TTlaca, T>O ec ai-oce Norlaic mo[i]|i. 

]Cal. 1an. 111. p., L xx. UL, CCnno "Domini TH.xc. 1i)on, 
btia-oain oeini'6 1 OgDara 7 111*0 noca-omaT) blia-oain ap 
mill o 5 e1 " CnipTj. TDaet'DUin hUa Rebaca[i]n, 
TTIocucu ; Cian hUa buacalla, comafiba Camni 1 
Ciannacc [aiC], m Chpipco paupauepunr;.- 
hlla Cai|iella[i]n, mtnn.6 Clainni-"Oia^maT;a; 
Cpipi: hlla Lumg, muifie Cemuil-TTlaine, *DO ma[ibai> 
i n-aen lo pefi *Dotum o "Oomnall hUa LocLainn. 

A. D. 1089. 1 |X)caif)i, B. s &acac, A. M .ix. xx., A, B. b mac 
ton, B. 
A.D. 1090. l TeiTieiT), B. 

1089. x Were burned. They had 
probably fled to the church for 

a fame of the nobility. Literally, 
a lordly portion. The Four Masters 
state that twelve tanists of noble 
tribes fell. (For the noble tmdfree 
tribes, see O'Donovan, Book of 
Rights, pp. 174-5.) 

O'Conor misreads the text 
Cuit Gernaide for Fernmuighe and 
translates : Pradlum Gernadiense 
contra Fernmoyenses. C. has "the 
battle of Gernaide"; but the 
battle was fought at Sliab-Fuait 
(the Fews mountains, co. Armagh). 

* Grandson. He was son of 
Domnall, who died 1087 (svpra). 

1090. ' Ogdoad.O Conor trans- 
lates Oydata by novae numeration!*, 
with a reference to A.D.963 (=964), 
tupra. At the place referred to, 
he renders Ian tadchoir by plenaria 
numeratio poetica ; because, accord- 
ing to him, the Irish poets num- 
bered 600 years from St. Patrick's 
advent in 432 down to the year 963 ! 
This is scarcely worth refutation. 
Tadchoir is a well-authenticated 
word, meaning reversion, return (ni 
fl taidchur there is not return : na 
bid taidchur let there not be re- 
turn. Wiirzburg Codex PauKnus, foL 
3a). Hence, in a secondary sense, 
it signifies Cycle. The full Cycle 
means the great Paschal Cycle of 



Kalends of Jan. on 2nd feria, 15th of the moon, A.D. [1089] 
1089. Lusk was burned and nine score persons were 
burned 1 in its stone church by the men of Munster. 
Cell-dara was burned thrice in this year. Donnchadh, 
son of Domnall the Fat, king of Leinster, was slain by his 
own [kinsmen]. Muircertach Ua Laithen, king of Sil- 
Duibthire, died. Some of the nobility 2 of the men of Fern- 
magh and a multitude besides were killed by the Ui-Echach 
and by the Ulidians on Sliab-[F]uait. Donnchadh, 
grandson 3 of Gilla-Patraic, king of Ossory, was slain 
by.his own [kinsmen], Gilla-Patraic Ua Celecain, vice- 
abbot of Ard-Macha, died on the night of great Christmas- 
Kalends of Jan. on 3rd feria, 26th of moon, A.D. 1090 : [1090] 
namely, the final year of the Ogdoad 1 and the ninetieth 
year above a thousand from the birth of Christ. Maelduin. 
Ua Rebacain, successor of [St.] Mochutu 2 ; Cian Ua 
Buachalla, successor of [St.] Cainnech in Ciannachta, 3 
reposed in Christ. Maelruanaigh Ua Cairellain, steward 4 
of Clan-Diarmata.; Gilla-Crist Ua Lunigh, steward 4 of 
Cenel-Maine, were killed on one day in treachery by 
Domnall Ua Lochlainn. The stone church of the Relics 5 

532 years, as distinct from the solar 
and lunar cycles of 28 and 19 
respectively. It is fancifully em- 
ployed A.D. 963 (=964), supra, to 
denote that a period equal thereto 
elapsed from the coming of St. 
Patrick, in 432, down to that year. 
Ogdoad (0780^) signifies the 
eight first years of the Cycle of 
Nineteen. (The remaining eleven 
were called Hendecad^evSeKoif.) The 
last year thereof being sufficiently 
designated by the epact, xxvi. , this 
formal identification was super- 
fluous. It was taken apparently from 
the margin of a Paschal Table. (See 

Bede: De'temp. rat., cap. xlvi. : De 
Ogdoade et Hendecade.) 
2 Successor of \_St.~\Mochutu. That 
is, bishop of Lismore, co. Water- 

3 Successor of [St.] Cainnech in 
Cianachta. " I.e. abbot of Drum- 
achose, in the barony of Keenacht 
and co. Londonderry." (O'Donovan, 
Four Masters^ p. 938.) 

4 Steward. Muire ; lord (tigh- 
erna), Four Masters. 

5 Relics. Literally, graves. From 
the Book of Armagh we learn that 
a procession took place thereto 







"Damliac na pejura -DO lofcaft co cetf cai|i[b] ime. Com- 
$al ecep, "Oomnall, mac THic Loclainn 7 TT1uin.cenixie 
hUa bpiam, fii Caifilymacplainn hUi TTIael-Seclainn, 
fii 'GeriSfiach, co capcfcrc a 2 n-giallu 1 uiti 3 TK> fU5 
(Txxielec b h1Ja h6na -DO enao'ail. b ) 

]CaL 1an. 1111. p., t- un., CCnno "Domim TT1. 
TTIufica-o, mac mic "Oomnaill pemaifi, 7)0 
meCail ta Gnna, mac Thafimaca. | 1n lee iafxapac 
DO Raic CCti-Da-TTlaca 1 -DO lofca-o. T)onnfleiCe htJa 
Goca^a, fn tJtaT>, 7)0 mafiba'5 la mac TTlic Loclainn, la 
fug Oilig, i m-belac ^ot|lXrtn-ft>aip i ca. TTlac CCe-oa, 
mic RuaiTifii, fii lajiraifi Con[n]acc, T>O ec. TTlael-1fU, 
comafiba paepaic, 1 quinT>ecim a jcalann Onaifi, in 
quieuic. "Domnall, mac CCmal^a'Da, TX> 
abi>aine 1 n-a ma-5 -po ceroip. bliar>ain 
furac co n-T>e5fin m bba-oain fi. 

1an. u. -p., L x. um., CCnno "Domini TT1. acc. n. 1n 
bUa pollamam 1 T>O Con[n]accaiB -DO baru-5. 
Cluain-mac-Noifoo milbuT) la Pfiu TTIuman. Ruait)fii 
hUa Concobuip, aijvon.1 Con[n]acc, T>O ^allu-o la hUa 

M giaU/u (that is, the pern. pron. om.), A. *uile, A. c., A, B. 
** n. t. h., A ; om., B. Given in C. 

A.D. 1091. ! CCiTvomacha, A. 
Januarii (Dec. 24), C. 
A.D. 1092. i Folloriiain, B. 

-- cia, A.' x.u., A, B. 

every Sunday from the church in 
the Close. The prescribed Psalms 
are also given. Fundamentum 
orationisin unaquaque die Dominica 
in Alto Machae ad Sargrif agum Mar- 
tyrum (glossed on centre margin, 
du ferti martur to grave of relics) 
adeundum ab eoque revertendum : 
id est : Domine, clamavi ad te [Ps. 
cxL], usque in finem ; Ut quid, 
Deus t repulisti in jinem [Ps. Ixxiii. 
(usque in finem)] et Beati inmacu- 

lati [Ps. cxviii.], usque in finem ; 
Benedictionis [-es, Dan. iii. 57-88] 
et XT. Psabni Graduum [Ps. cxix.- 

8 They. Namely, Muircertach 
and the son of Flann. 

7 King of Ailech. That is, Dom- 
nall, son of Mac Lochlainn. 

8 Ua Eghra. O'Hara, king of 
the Connanght Luighni ; slain in 
1095 by the Conmaicni of Dun- 
more, co. Galway. 



[in Ard-Macha] was burned, with one hundred houses [1090] 
therearound. A meeting between Domnall, son of Mac 
Lochlainn, and Muircertach Ua Briain, king of Cashel 
and the son of Flann Ua Mael-Sechlainn, king of Tara, 
so that they 6 gave all their pledges to the king of Ailech. 7 
(Taitlech Ua Eghra 8 was taken prisoner.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 4th feria, 7th of the moon, A. p. [1091] 
1091. Murchadh, grandson of Domnall the Fat, was 
killed in treachery by Enna, son of Diarmait. The western 
half of the Close of Ard-Macha was burned. Donnsleibe 
Ua Eochadha, 1 king of Ulidia, was killed by the son of 
Mac Lochlainn, [namely] by the king of Ailech, in the 
" Pass of the Field of the Yew," in battle. The son of 
Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, king of the West of Connacht, 
died. Mael-Isu, successor of [St.] Patrick, on the fifteenth 
of the Kalends of January [Dec. 18] 2 rested in penance. 
Domnall, son of Amhalgaidh, was immediately instituted 
\rectel intruded] into the abbacy in his stead. A sappy 
year in sooth with good weather [was] this year. 

Kalends of Jan. on 5th feria, 18th of the moon, A.D. [l092]Bis, 
1092. The Devotee Ua Follamhaim of Connacht was 
drowned. 1 Cluain-mac-Nois was laid waste by the men of 
. Munster. Ruaidhri Ua Conchobuir, archking of Con- 
nacht, was blinded by Ua Flaithbertaigh (namely, 
Flaithbertach) in treachery.- Muiredach Mac Cartaigh, 

1091. 1 Donnsleibe Ua Eochadha. 
He slew his predecessor, Ua Math- 
gamna, in 1081, supra. The regnal 
list in L.L. (p. 41c) gives him a 
reign of 30 years ! 

2 [Dec. 18]. Dec. 28, according 
to the Annals of Loch Ce ; Dec. 
20, according to the Four Masters, 
who have been followed by Colgan 

(Tr. Th.,f. 229). The true date 
cannot be determined in the abr 
sence of the lunation. 

1092. ^Drowned. InLochCarrgin 
(" Cargin's Lough, near Tulsk, co. 
Roscommon," O'Donovan, F.M.,~Vo\. 
ii. p. 942), according to the Annala 
of Boyle. 
2 The close of Ard-Macha, etc, 



miMcclcc ulcroti. 

B 45b 

(iT>on, b plaicbept;ae b ) i mebaiL TTIuipe- 
oac TTlac Capcaig, pi Ooganacca Caipil, mopcu[u]p opt- 
plaicbepcac, mac HuaiT>pi hui Rua^acafijti, o UiB- 
Gcac occipup epc- "Domnall, mac c CCmal&a-oa, comapba 
Parpaic, pop cuaipc Ceniuil-Oogain, co cue a peip. 
Hai GCip-o-TTlaca co n-a cempull -DO lopca-5 1 quapc 2 
jcalann Sepcimbep 7 -ppec -DO Tpiuin TDop 7 | fpec -DO 
"Cpiun 8axan. Gnna, mac "Oiapmaca,* pi hUa-Ceirm- 
pelaig, a puip occipup efu. Connmac hlla Caipilli 
uapal eppcop Con[n]acc, quieuic. TTlael-1pu hlla 
hCCppacca[i]n, comapba CCilbe, m pace quieuic. 

ICaL 1an. tin. p., I- xx.ix., CCnno "Domini Tn. 
T)onncaT> TTlac Cappcai, pi Goganacca Caipil; "Cpenaip 
hlla Ceallaij, pi bpe ; CCe-5 hlla bai5ella[i]n, pi 
Pepn-muigi ; CCe-5, mac Cacail hlli Concobaip, piT>omna 
Connacc, omnep occipi punc. CCe-5, aipcmnec"0aimliac- 
Cianna[i]n ; CCilill hlla Niatla[i]n, comapba Ciapa[i]n 7 
Cpona[i]n 7 TTlic "Ouac; POCUT>, apDeppcop CClban, m 
Chpipco quieuepunc. 8il-TTluipeDai^ -DO mnapbaf-o] a 
Con[n]aci;ait> T>O TTluipcepcac hlla bpiam. CCeii hlla 
Cananna[i]n,pi Cemuil-ConaiU, -DO -oallu-o la "Domnall 
hlla loclamn, la pi n-CCili. TTlael-Coluim, 1 mac 

A.D. 1092.2 iia. f A ; Kayxc, B. 3 macai, B. om., B. ^MtL, t. h., A; 
om., B. c mac TTlic son of Mac, B. 
A.D. 1093. i Colaim, B. 

The remaining Third, that of Has- 
san, was left intact. 

8 [JTt'iMmen]. That is, according 
to the Leinster regnal List (L.L. 
39 d), Donchad, son of Murchad 
(1091, supra) and the sons of Dom- 
nall (1087, supra). 

* Successor of[St.]Ailbe. That is, 
bishop of Emly. 

1093. 1 Donchadh Mac Cavthaigh, 
etc. This entry is a typical instance 
of the method in which there Annals 

were compiled. By omission of 
the respective means and of the per- 
sons whereby death was inflicted, 
four independent item*, given as 
such in the Four Masters, are included 
in one formula. It al.-u well illus- 
trates the liability of such sum- 
maries to serious error. For the 
Annals of InnlsfalUn, an authority 
beyond question in Munster affairs, 
state that Mac Carthy was killed 
in the preceding year. 



king of the Eoganacht of Cashel, died. Flaithbertach, [1092] 
son of Ruaidhri Ua Ruadhacain, was slain by the TJi- 
Echach. Domnall, son of Amhalghaidh, successor of 
Patrick, [went] upon circuit of Cenel-Eoga in, so that he 
took away his due. The Close of Ard-Macha 2 with its 
church was burned on the 4th of the Kalends of September 
[Aug. 29] and a street of the Great Third and a street of 
the Third of the Saxons. Enna, son of Diarmait, king of 
Ui-Ceinnselaigh, was slain by his own [kinsmen 3 ]. Conn- 
mac Ua Cairill, archbishop of Connacht, rested. Mael- 
Isu Fa hArrachtain, successor of [St.] Ailbe, 4 rested in 

Kalends of Jan. on 7th feria, 29th of the moon, A.D. [1093] 
1093. Donnchadh Mac Carthaigh, 1 king of the Eoganacht 
of Cashel; Trenair Fa Ceallaigh, king of Bregha; Aedh 
Fa Baighellain, king of Fern-mhagh ; Aedh, son of Cathal 
Fa Conchobair, royal heir of Connacht, all were slain. 
Aedh, herenagh of Daimliac-Ciannain ; Ailill Fa Niallain, 
successor of [St.] -Ciaran 2 and of [St.] Cronan and of [St.] 
Mac Duach ; Fothud, 3 archbishop of Scotland, rested in 

Christ. The Sil-Muiredaigh were expelled from Connacht 

by Muircertach Fa Briain. Aedh Fa Canannain, king of 
Cenel-Conaill, was blinded by Domnall Fa Lochlainn, 
[that is] by the king of Ailech. Mael-Coluim, son of 

Of the four persons here men- 
tioned, the two Aedhs are given 
in the Annals of Loch Ce. Ua 
Baighellain, they say, died a 
natural death. To Ua Concho- 
bair is appended omnes occisi stint ! 
This affords strong presumption 
that their compiler had the Annals 
of Ulster before him. If so, it is 
a clear proof that he did not 
understand his original. 

*Of[St.]Ciaranandof[St.'] Cronan 

and of [St.] Mac Duach. That is, 
Abbot-bishop of Clonmacnoise, 
Tomgraney and Kilmacduagh. 
O'Donovan (p. 945) erroneously 
takes the F. M. to mean three 
different persons. 

3 Fothud. See Reeves, Adamnan, 
p. 402. The learned writer's pro- 
posed identification of Fothud with 
Modac'h, Bishop of St. Andrew's 
(Culdees, Trans. R.I.A., Antiq. 
XXIV. 246), seems improbable. 


(xtitioclcc ulcroti. 


"Oonnco&a, aip*opi CCtban 7 Gcbap-o, a mac, TX> mapba'l) 

oo j_Y..iiiniir> i-ncin. 1 1 D-1ii1it ]>.-(|'lT)(( i s, (.raiiinn- . a' 
pifcan, imoppo. b TTlapsapeca, T>O ec -oia cumai-opia cenn 
nomaifte. Sil-rnuipe-oais 7>opi[]ipi 1 ConnaccF~cen 
*cecu5cr5. TTlep 2 mop m hoc anno. 

leal. 1an. 1. p., t. x., CCnno "Domim TT1. xc.' 1111.' 
plaicbepcac hUa CCcei-5, pi hUa-n-6acac, T>O -Dallu-o 
la "DonncaT) Ml a n-6oca > 5a, ta pi 5 Utai). Slo^a'D la 
TTluipcepcac hUa m-bfiiain co hCCc-cbac, co fioinnajib 
^oppfiais TTlenanac a fiige all 7 co pomanB "Domnall 
hUa TT1ael-8eclainn, yii 'Cenipac. CCn. CCi|ice]i *oo 
5e5DamiI5 (iT)on, a im Ua peT>eca[i]n 7 im "Oonn, mac 
Oengufa") T>O co|i la hUllcaiC. Huaj-opi hUa"Oonna- 
ca[i]n,pi CCna"5; ConcobuphUaConcoBaifi, pi Cianacra,m 
penicenna 1 mon.t;ui 
pop. TT-ua'o-ITlumain 1 
pluf. b --T)omnall, comapba 
TTIuman cecna cufi, co cue a lancuaific pcpibuil la 
raeb n-e-obapca. "Don neat), mac TTlael-Choluim, fit 
CClban, T>O mapba-o o [a] bpaicnib pein (iT>on, e o "Dom- 
nall 7 o GcmonT) 6 ) pep. -Dolum. "Doinenn mop i n-6pinn 
inle, T>ia popap "oomacu. 

(Ccrc f pittnaca, T)U hi T>pocaip lee lapuaip Connacr; 7 

q meap, B. M r. m., t. h., A, B. b tieyio (the Latin equivalent), B. 

A. D. 1094. l cia, A. a r.op.q^.cro (.Le., the contraction for up, was not 
placed above -o), B. ]. m., t. h., A ; om., B. b - b l. m.,t. h^ A ; r. m. 
t. h., B. c c. (contraction for centum, the Latin equivalent), A, B. ^ 
Itl., t. h., A, B. M om., C. M n. t. h., A ; om., B ; given in C. 

. TTlaiT)m 

cer, c uel paulo 
pop cuaipc 

4 Novcna. Nomaidhe is, perhaps, 
from not, nine. According to the 
Anglo Saxon Chronicle, A.D. 1093, 
when the queen heard of the death 
of her husband and son, she went 
with her priest to the church, re- 
ceived the last rites and prayed God 
that she might give up the ghost, 

In the Brut y Tytoysoyion (A.D. 
1091), it is stated she prayed that she 
might not survive and God heard her 
prayer, for by the seventh day she 
was dead. 

5 Into Connacht. Their expulsion 
by O'Brien forms the second entry of 
this year. 



Donnchadh, archking of Scotland and Edward, his son, [1093] 
were killed by the Franks (namely, in Inber-Alda, in 
Saxonland). His queen, moreover, Margaret, died of 
grief therefor before the end of a novena. 4 The Sil- 
Muiredaigh again [came] into Connacht 5 without per- 
mission [of Ua Briain]. Great crop in this year. 

Kalends .of Jan. on 1st feria, 10th of the moon, A.D. [1094J 
1094. Flaithbertach Ua Ateidh, king of Ui-Eachach, was 
blinded by Donnchadh Ua Eochadha, [namely] by the 
king of Ulidia. A hosting by Muircertach Ua Briain to 
Ath-cliath, so that he expelled Geoffrey Meranach from 
the kingship of the Foreigners and killed Domnall Ua 
Mael-Sechlainn, king of Tara. Slaughter of good persons 
of the Airthir (that is, including Ua Fedecain and includ- 
ing Donn, son of Oengus) was committed by Ulidians. - 
Ruaidhri Ua Donnacain, king of Aradh ; Concobur Ua 
Conchobhair, king of Ciannachta, died in penance. A 
defeat [was inflicted] by the Sil-Muiredaigh upon Thomond, 
wherein fell three hundred, or a little more. Domnall, 1 C/ t 10* 
successor of [St.] Patrick, [went] upon circuit of Munster for 
the first time, so that he took away his full circuit [-dues] 
of cess, along with donations. Donnchadh, 2 son of Mael- 
Coluim, king of Scotland, was killed by his own brothers 
(namely, by Domnall and by Edmond) in treachery. 
Great severity of weather in all Ireland, whereof arose 

(The battle 8 of Fidhnach, wherein fell one-half of the 

1094. 1 Domnall, etc. This yisit- 
ation is not mentioned in the 
Annals of Innisfallen. 

2 Donchadh, etc. He had, accord- 
ing to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, 
taken forcible possession of the 
throne, on the death of his uncle, 
in the preceding year. The same 
Chronicle says (A.D. 1095) that he 

was slain at the instigation of his 
uncle, Dufenal [Domnall], who 
(A.D. 1094) thus succeeded him. As 
this agrees with the Innisfallen 
Annals, which omit mention of the 
brothers, it is more likely to be 

3 The battle, etc. Given in the 
Annals of Boyle (ad an.), with the 


ccwicclcc ulcroti. 

leic Copcumpuaft la "GcrBj;, mac Huai-opi hlli Con- 
cobaip f .) 

JCaU 1an. 11. p., 1. xx. 1., CCnno "Domini TY1. xc. u. 
Snecca mop 7>o pepcain m Cecain lap jcatainn, co 
pomapb dp -ooene 7 en 7 cecpa. 1 Cenannup co n-a 
B 45c temptai 15 ; Ttepmac co n-|a tebpai 15 ; CCpT>-ppaa co 
n-a cempall 7 ilcelta aite apcerra cpemaT:[a]e punc. 
Senoip 2 lilac Tnael-TTlolua, ap-o penoip Gpenn, m pace 
oopmiuic. "Oubcac hlla SocuinT), uapalpacapc na 
j?epra ; "Donngup, eppcop CCca-cbac; CCe"5, mac TTlait- 
)( 1pu, 8 fooii,* mac comapba pacpaic [mopcui b punc b ]. 
^lta-Ciapa[i]n, mac TTlic tJalgaipg, muipe hUa-n- 
"Duibinnpacc, a puip occipup epc c . li'Ua 6icni, pi 
pep-TTlanac, T>O mapba-5 a puip. TTIai-om CCpDa-acaD 
pia n-*Oail-CCpaiT>e pop Ulcu, -DU 1 copcaip ^illa- 
Comgailt hUa Caipilt. 'Cei-om mop 1 n-6pinn, co 
pomapb dp -ooene, o ]Catainn CCU5u[i]pc co bellcame 
lap cmn (iT>on, d btia-oain na mopcla* 1 ). TTluipcepcac 
X hUa Caippe, muipe Cemuil-Oen^upa 7 pi-oomna CCilig, 
mopicup. Caipppi hUa Ceicepnaig, 1-0011, uapat eppcop 
hlla-Ceinnpelai5, m penicencia mopicup. ^opppaig 
TTlepanac, pi all, mopru[u]p epr. 

bip. ]cal. 1an. 111. p.,L n., CCnno "Oommi TT1. ax:. ui. ptann 
hUa CCnbei-o, pi "Oeipce[i]pc CCippall ; TTlaet-pacpaic, 
mac 6pme-oai, eppcop CCp-o[a]-1Tlaca; Coluim hUa 

A.D. 1095. * ceaerxa, B. 2 Sean, A. 3 TTlaeV , A. om., A. b - b 
om., A, B ; "died," C. com., C. d ^l. m., t. h., A, B ; om., C. 

yariant in quo cedderunt mulli for 
du hi drochair leth {"wherein fell 
one half"). 

1095. J Wrought havoc. Literally; 
slew a slaughter. 

2 Mael-Molua. Devotee of [S<.] 
Molua (of Clonfert Mulloe. King's 
Co.). A Latin gloss, having no 
reference to the text, in the L.B. 
Calendar of Oengus, at April 16, 

states that : The archbishop of Ire- 
land, the Senior Mae Maildalua, died 
on the Zrd oj the Ides [1 I/A] of April. 
As some [poet] said [in a native De- 
bide quatrain which is quoted]. 
Archbishop was probably a Latin 
rendering of uasalepscop, eminent 

3 Donngus. For Donngus, or Do- 
natns, see Lanigan, Ee. Hist., iii. 482. 


West of Connacht and half of Corcomruadh, [was gained] [1094] 
by Tadhg, son of Ruaidhri Ua Concobair.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 2nd feria, 21st of the moon, A.D. [1095J 
1095. Great snow fell on the "Wednesday after New- 
Year's Day [Jan. 3], so that it wrought havoc 1 of people 
and of birds and of cattle. -Cenannus with its churches, Der- 
magh with its books, Ard-sratha with its church, and many 
other churches Besides were burned. Senior Mac Mael- 
Molua, 2 chief religious counsellor of Ireland, slept in peace. 
Dubhthach Ua Sochuind, archpriest of the [church of the] 
Relics [in Ard-Macha] ; Donngus, 3 bishop of Ath-cliath ; 
Aedh, 4 son of Mail-Isu, namely, the son of the successor of 
[St.] Patrick [died]. Gilla-Ciarain, son of Mac Ualgarig, 
steward 5 of Ui-Duibhhinnrecht, was slain by his own 
[tribesmen]. Ua Eicnigh, king of Fir-Manach, was killed 
by his own [kinsmen.] The defeat of Ard-achad [was in- 
flicted] by the Dal- Araidhe upon the Ulidians, wherein fell 
Gilla-Comghaill Ua 6 Cairill. Great plague in Ireland, so 
that it wrought havoc 1 of people, from the Kalend [1st] 
of August "to May-day thereafter (namely, the Year of the^ 
Mortality). Muircertach Ua Cairre, steward of Cenel- 
Oenghusa and royal heir of Ailech, , dies. Cairpri Ua 
Ceithernaigh, eminent bishop of Ui-Ceinnselaigh [Ferns], 7 
dies in penance. Geoffrey Meranach, king of the 
Foreigners [of Dublin], died. 

Kalends of Jan. on 3rd feria, 2nd of the moon, A.D. [1096] Bis. 
1096. Flann Ua Anbeidh, king of the South of Airghialla; 
Mael-Patraic, son of Ermedhach, bishop of Ard-Macha 1 ; 

4 Aedh, etc. "Hugh macMaelisa, 
Coarb of Patrike, di e d,"C. But the 
" Coarb " at the time was Domnall, 
son of Amalghaidh. The Mail-Isu 
in question died 1091 (supra.) 

8 Steward. Muire; lord (tig- 
herna), Four Masters. 

6 Ua, etc. From Ua to people (in 
the following entry), both inclusive, 

is omitted by O'Conor, who re- 
marks quaedam desunt. But there 
is no lacuna in his MS. (B). 

7 [Ferns]. The Annals of Innis- 
f alien (ad an.) call him bishop- 
abbot of Ferns. 

1096. 1 Bishop of Ard-Macha. 
Domnall was titular Primate at the 
time. Mael-Patraic was consecrated 


ccwicclcc ulcroti. 


CCnpa-oatiJn 1 , aipcmnec Ruip-ailiuip; ptann hUa TTluipe- 
cd[i]n, aipcmnec CCencpunii, m Chpipco -oopmiepunc. 
TTlacsamam hlla 8e^5ai, pi Copco-ouiBne ; Concobup 
hUa CCnniapai'D, | pi Ciannacc 7 hUa Cein, pi hUa-mic- 
Caipcmn, T>O comcuicim i cbacait5. Uamon mop pop 
pepaiC epenn pia peil* 6om na bLia^na pa,co pocepaipc 
"Oiacpia epoipcciti comapba paepaic 7 cleipec n-Gpenn 
apcena. TTlac "Oubgaill hUa TTlaelcorais -DO mapba-5 
DO U Inneipgi. TTluipcepcac hUa "OuBT>ai, pi hUa-n- 
CCifialga'oa, T>O mapba-o a puip. TTlocsa'oan hUa TDoc- 
ra5a[i]n, pi ^il-CCnmca-oa, mopcu[u]p epc.* Cu-UUro 
hUa Ceiteca[i]n (iT>on, b pi-oamna CCip5iatl b ) DO mapba-5 
taCoice-on-epenn (iT)on, b La 8 hULcu 81 *). ^ilta-Of pen, mac 
Tllic Copcen, pi "Dealbna, occipup epc. hUa Carait> 
aipcmnec "Cuama-gpene, m Chpipco quieuic. Gogan 
hUa Cepnaig, aipcmnec "Oaipe, m no[i)oecim jCatlann 
Gnaip quieuic. 

JCaL 1an. u. -p., U x. 111., CCnno "Dommi m. xc. un. 
tep^up hUa Cpumirip, comapba Com^aiU, pope pem- 
cenciam opnmam 1 obnc. 'Ca-og, mac Huai'opi htJi Con- 
cobaip, piDomna Con[n]acc, a puip occipup epc. plan- 
nacanpua-5, aipcmnec Ruip-Comain, m pace quieuic. 

A.D. 1096. i CCnrxti , B. 2 pel, B. - s le hUUccib, B. om., B. 
>- b itl., t.h., A, B. 
A.D. 1097. J obcimam, A, B. 

for the exercise of episcopal func- 
tions; as Domnall was, in all proba- 
bility, a layman, perhaps a monk. 
His place apparently remained vacant 
until 1109 (infra), when it was as- 
sumed by Caincomrach O'Boyle. 

8 Great fear. See 771 (=772), 
798 ( = 799), supra. The FourMaetert 
state that the fear arose because the 
Feast(Decollation)of John the Bap- 
tist (August 29) fell on Friday in 
1096. But this is puerile ; every 

festival must fall four times on 
the same day within the solar 
Cycle of 28 years. According to 
the so-called Vision of Adamnan 
(L.B., p. 258b-259b), great havoc 
of the men of Ireland was to be 
wrought by a fiery ploughshare, 
when the anniversary in question 
should fall on Friday, in a Bissextile 
and EmbolLsmal year, at the end of 
a Cycle. The three first-named con- 
ditions were literally verified in the 
present year. The year was also to- 




Colum Ua Anradhain, herenagh of Ros-ailithir ; Flann Ua [1096] 
Muirecain, herenagh. of Aentruim, slept in Christ. 
Mathgamain Ua Segdhai, king of Corcoduibhne ; Con- 
chobur Ua Anniaraidh, king of Ciannachta and Ua Cein, 
king of Ui-mic-Cairthinn, mutually fell in combats. 
Great fear [fell] 2 upon the men of Ireland before the feast CS /o? 2, 
of John of this year, until God spared [them] through the 
fastings of the successor of Patrick and of the clergy of 
Ireland besides.-*-Ua Maelchothaigh, son of Dubhgall, W/o-eu^. 
was killed by Ua Inneirghi. 3 Muircertach Ua Dubhdai, 
king of Ui-Amhalghadha, was killed by his own [kins- 
men]. Mottadhan Ua Mottadhain, king of Sil-Anmchada, 
died. Cu-Uladh Ua Celecain (namely, royal heir of 
Airgialla) was tilled by the Fifth of Ireland (that is, by 
Ulster). Gilla-Ossen, 4 son of Mac Corten, king of Delbna, 
was slain. Ua Cathail, herenagh of Tuaimgrene, rested 
in Christ. Eogan Ua Cernaigh, herenagh of Daire. rested 
on the nineteenth 5 of the Kalends of January [Dec. 14]. 

Kalends of Jan.. on 5th feria, 13th of the moon, A.D. [1097] 
1097.- Lerghus Ua Cruimthir, successor of [St.] Com gall, 1 
died after most excellent penance. Tadhg, son of 
Ruaidhri Ua Concobair, royal heir of Connacht, was slain 
by his own [kinsmen]. Flannacan the Red, herenagh of 
Ros-Comain, rested in peace. The belfry of Mainister 

wards the end, being the fourteenth, 
of the Cycle of Nineteen. Assuming 
that the prophecy was well-known, 
these coincidences were sufficiently 
striking to account for the popular 

* Ua Inneirghi. "O'Hindry" in 
C; not "his [own people]," as 
O'Donovan misread {Four Masters, 
Vol.ii., p. 954). 

4 Gilla-Ossen. Devotee of [St.] 
Ossan (of Rath Ossain, Fort o/Ossan, 
west of Trim. Mart. Don., Feb. 

17). Ossan is given in the List of 
Deacons in L. L. (p. 366e). 

5 Nineteenth. The P.M. say the 
eighteenth. But against them are 
to be placed A, B, C (which last has 
19 Kal. Jan. ; not, as O'Donovan, 
loc. cit., says, 9 Kal. Jan.) and the 
Annals of Loch Ce (ad an. ). 

1097. 1 Successor of [St.] Comgall. 
That is, Abbot of Bangor, co. 

2 The wriyht Ua Brolcain. His 
obit is given at 1029 {supra). 


ccwjcclcc ulcroti. 


B 45d Cloicec TTIoniifT:pec[-buici] co n-a lebpaiC | 7 

ce'oaiD' imikno' T>O lofccrB. TTlael-bpisce, mac m r-paip 
htli bpolca[i]n, uapaleppcop Cille-T>apa 7 Coici-5 lai^en, 
pope penieenaam opcimam qmeuie. 8loaf> la TTluip- 
ceptac hlla m-bpiam 7 la lee TTloa co TTla^ flTluip- 
cemne. Slo^a-o Tjano la T)omnall hUa loclainn co 
T3uaipcepc 6perm co PI"D Conaille DO tiabaipx cara T>oib 
co fiufraifimefc "Oomnall, comafiba parfiaic, jposng 

V fi[a]- ioclatin hUa T)uiBT>ayia, pi pepn-muigi, TX> 
"rriafiba-o T>O Ui[b]-bpiuin byieipne. Cnorhef mop tfin 
bliabam fi: cpica" bba-ban* on cnomep aile* guf an 
cnome[p]fa b (iT>on c , bliax>ain na cn6 pinn ; 1-oon, co 
fefe-oac 8 cno ap aen 

]CaL 1an. ui. p., 1. xx. 1111., CCnno "Oomim TY1. xc. uin. 
plaicbepcac liUa "plaicbepcai^, pi 1apaip Connacc, T>O 
mapba'5 T>O 8il-TDuipe > bai. Tpi lon^a-oo lon^aiB all 
na n-1ntifi -00 plar DO tHUxnb" 7 a paipenn 7>o mapba-o, 
1-oon, pee 1 ap cec 1 , uel paulo plup. TTlael-1pu Ua 
8cuip, -pcpiba omnium 
8cocopum, m Chpipco quieuir;. | "Diapmaic, macGnnttj 
mic "Oiapmara, pi Laigen, 7>o mapba-5 -DO clainn Ulup- 
ca^a, mic "Oiapmaca (iT>on a , pop lap Cille-'oapa*). 

A.D. 1097. M xxx. bliaT>ain, A, B. 3 . ui.edac, A, B. fa-this, B. 
b cnomef aile fiomainn (to the] other nut-crop (that happened next) 
before us, B ; C. follows the order of A. c-c r. m., t.h., A, B ; given in C- 

A.D. 1098. ll .xx. ap, .a, A, B. -l.m., L h., A ; r.m., t. h., B. 

* Half o/ Mogk. Namely, the 
southern moiety of Ireland. 

4 Thirty years. The nut-crop next 
preceding is entered at 1066 (*upra). 

8 Sixth. " Id est, the sixth parte 
of the barrell," C. " Sesedach is cog- 
nate with the Latin Sextarius and the 
French Sesterot andScxtier, a measure 
both of fluids and of corn, being 

about a pint and a half, but vary- 
ing in magnitude in different times 
and countries." (O'Donovan, four 
Masters, Vol. ii. p. 822.) 

6 Penny. In the Senchtu Mor 
(VoL ii. p. 220), the pinguin is one- 
third of the icrepal. In another 
Brehon law tract (O'Donovan, P.M. 
ii. 822) the silver jnnyinn is said to 



[-Buithi] with its books and many treasures was burned. [i 097] 
Mael-Brighte, son of the wright Ua Brolcain, 2 eminent 
bishop of Cell-dara and of the Fifth of Leinster, rested 
after most excellent penance. A hosting by Muircertach 
Ua Briain and by the half of Mogh 3 to the Plain of 
Muirtemhne. A hosting also by Domnall TJa Lochlainn, 
together with the North of Ireland, to the "Wood of Conaille, 
to give battle to them, until Domnall, successor of Patrick, 
prevented them' under guise of peace. Lochlann Ua 
Duibhdara, king of Fern-magh, was killed by the Ui- 
Briuin of Breifne. Great nut-crop in this year : thirty 
years 3 from the other nut-crop to this nut-crop (namely, the 
year of the Fair Nuts ; so that, namely, [the measure called] 
the Sixth 4 of nuts used to be got for one penny 5 ). 

Kalends of Jan. on 6th feria, 24th of the moon, A.P. 
1098. Flaithbertach Ua Flaithbertaigh, king of the 
West of Connacht, was killed by the Sil-Muiredhaigh. 
Three ships of the ships of the Foreigners of the Islands 
were wrecked by the Ulidians and their crews 1 killed, 
namely, twenty over a hundred, or a little more. Mael- 
Isu Ua Stuir, master of philosophy 2 of the Momonians, 
nay, of all the Scots, rested in Christ. Diarmait, son of 
Enna, son of Diarmait, king of Leinster, was killed by the 
sons of Murcad, son of Diarmait (namely, in the centre 
of Cell-dara). Eochaidh, successor of [St.] Ciannan, 3 died 


weigh seven grains of wheat. This 
corresponds pretty closely with the 
Roman weight (24 grains 1 scruple). 

1098. 1 Crews Literally, folk 

(/"at'renn), a collective substantive. 

Master of philosophy. Lite- 
rally, scribe of philosophy. Scribe is 
here employed in the sense of 1 Esdr. 
vii. (scribae erudito, 11 ; scriba legis, 

21). Portion of the Commentary of 
St Columbanus on Ps. xliv. 2 (Lingua 
mea calamus scribae, etc.) is : tam- 
quam cuidam scribae docto calamus 
aptus obsequitur (Ml. fol. 64d). The 
Four Masters make it tcribe and 

* Successor of \St.~\ Ciannan. That 
is, Abbot of Duleek, co. Heath. 
E 2 

ccwjcclcc ulcroti. 

eocai-5, comafiba Ciannain, pofT penitenriam* obnc. 
H6nan hUaT)aimin > comafibapobuifipfiiUf'ecfieli5iofUf 
opnmufpofT 7tTlaet-TTIaficain hUa Cellai^, comafiba 
TTlhufia [ph]otna, lafiguf ec fapienp, m una -Die m pace 
quieuefiunc. plaicbeficac, mac 'Osennais bainficiT>> 
comafiba pinnia[K]n, m pefii^fiinarione quieuic. 
"Oomnall Oa Gnna, ua^al eppcop lapraifi Ooppa 7 cobtifi 
X 'con-oeficb in -Domain (f ui a m tiifiT) cecrafVDafi], 1-oon, Ro- 
man 7 na n-5aiT>el 8 *), poi^c penirenciam 9 opnmam, f uam 
uicam pelicicefi hi -oecifm] ]Calann "Decimben. pniuir. 
TTlac TTlafia[i]y^Caifibfiec, anmcafiasogaiTte; "Domnall 
TTlac Robaficaig, comafiba Coluim-cille pfii fie, in pace 
oofimiefiunt. TTlaiT)m peficfi-fuilitie pofi Cemul- 
Conaill fiia Cenel-n-Go^ain, 1 coficaifi Sicefirac hUa 
"Goificefijpt; ec alii mulci. 

(1n b hoc anno CCeT> hlla ITlaeil-Ooin, comafiba Ciapain 
Cluana-mac-Moif, nacuf efc b .) 

]CaL 1an. un. p., L ., CCnno "Domini TT1. ace." 
CCfcals mofi -po Sfiinn uile. Cenannup ab 
Dirffjipasa efc. "Oiafimaic hUaTTlaelasgen, aificinnec 
B46a "Ouin, | m nocce papcfhaje 1 quieuic. Ceall-T>apa [-oe] 
-oeme'Dia pafice cfiemaca 2 efr. Caencomfiac hUa 
V 00151 II T>O 5abail e_pf coboin 3 CCfvoa-TTlaca"Oia-T)omnai5 

\ "Oonnca-D, mac TTlic TTlaenais, abb 1a ; 


s ciam, A. s n-'Soei , A. l.m., t.h., A ; r. m., t.h., B. b - b n.t.h., 
A. ; om., B ; given in C. 
A.D. 10'J9. l -pea, B. a mace, B. i-oe, B. 

4 Superior. Literally, successor (of 
St Fechin of Fore, co. Westmeath\ 
The Four Matters render religiosutby 
rlaghloir (" moderator," 0' Donovan, 
ii. 959) ! The meaning is that Ronan 
laid aside the abbacy and became a 
simple monk (presumably in the same 

9 Liberal and wise. Laryus et 
tapient is translated by the P.M. 

Leargkas eccnaidh Learghas, the 
sage ! Furthermore, they state that 
Domnall Ua llobartaigh, Mael-Isu, 
Eochaidh, Ronan. Mael-Martain and 
"Learghaa,"all six, died the same day. 

Succetsor of \_St.~\Finnian. Abbot 
of M oville, co. Down. 

7 [Ao. 22]._Dec. 1, P.M. A, B 
and C are against them. For Ua 
Enna (O'Heney), who was archbishop 



after penance. Ronan Ua Daimin, superior 4 of Fobur [1098] 
first and a most excellent religious afterwards and Mael- 
Martain Ua Cellaigh, successor of [St.] Mum of [F]othan, 
[a] liberal and wise [man], 5 rested in peace on the same day. 
Flaithbertach, son of Tighernach of Bairrche, successor of 
[St.] Finnian, 6 rested in pilgrimage. Domnall Ua Enna, 
eminent bishop of the West of Europe and fount of the 
generosity of the world, (doctor of eif&er Law, namely, of 
the Romans ancl of the Gaidil) after most excellent 
penance, finished his life felicitously, on the tenth of the 
Kalends of December [Nov. 22]. 7 Mac Marais 8 of Cairbre, 
select soul-friend ; Domnall Mac Robartaigh, 9 successor of 
[St.] Colum-cille for a [long] space, slept in peace. The 
defeat of Fersad-Suilidhe [was inflicted] upon the Cenel- 
Conaill by the Cenel-Eogain, wherein fell Eicertach Ua 
Toirceirt and many others. 

(In this year Aed Ua Mail-Eoin, 10 successor of [St.] 
Ciaran of Cluain-mac-Nois, was born.) 

Kalends of Jan: on 7th feria, 5th of the moon, A.D. [1099]. 
1099. Great destitution throughout all Ireland. - 
Cenannus was wasted by fire. Diarmait Ua Maelathgen 
herenagh of Dun, rested on the night of-Easter [April 10J. 
Cell-dara was burned from the half. Caincomrac Ua 
Baighill assumed the episcopacy of Ard-Macha on the 
Sunday of Pentecost [May 29]. Donnchad, son of Mac 

of Cashel, see Lanigan, Eccl. Hist, 
of Ireland, Vol. iii., p. 455, sq. 

8 Mac Marais. Very probably, he 
who wrote the second charter of the 
Book of Kells ; Oraid do Mac Maras 
trog ro scrib, etc., ' ' A Prayer for Mac 
Maras, the wretched, who wrote," etc. 

9 Domnall Mac Robartaigh. Abbot 
of Kells since 1062 ; hence the 
"[long] space" of the text. He 
appears as one of the grantors in the 
charter mentioned in the previous 

note. See Reeves, Adamnan, p. 400. 

The Annals of Loch Ce (ad an. ) 
omit the obit of Mac Marais and re- 
tain obierunt. 

IO Aedh Ua Mail-Eoin. Mail- 
Eoin signifies devotee of John (the 
Evangelist). The obit of this abbot 
is given at 1153 by the P.M. (perhaps 
from the present Annals, which may 
have contained the missing portion 
when the F M. had them in their 



Uamnacan Ua TYleiccifte, TTlic temm[e]; CCnnuT) 
hUa lonsafica[i]n, comaftba Column true Cfietntainn, 
in pace patifauefiunc. Slo^a-o la TTIuiftcefcrac' hUa 
m-bfiiain 7 la tec IDo^a co 8liat5-[ph]uaic, co n-T>efina 
"Oomnall, comajxba pacfiaic, fi6 m-blia-bna eceppu 7 
Tuaifcenr; Gpenn. 4 Slo^ai) la "Oomnall hUa Loclainn 
7 la ruaif cejvc n-6nenn can. "Cuaim 1 n-UllcailS. tHa[i}5 
oono i CpaiB-celca illonjpopc. Cornpaicic 5 a n-T)i 
mafiqplois : mai-bey^ pop mapcflua^ Ula-5 7 
hUa CCnifiam ann. pacan> Ula[i]-6 mpfin 
7 loifcic Cenel-eogam 6 7 
"Dobenap 7>oit5 lap, fin -oa 
illaim pnia TKI ecepi aile : 

7 comapba Com&aill 

"Cucta b jeill Utat> ajx eicin, 


La "Oomnall co loinne leomain", 

Ocuf la Sil Cogam (no d , Clamn[-6o5ain j d ) p 

"Oa ecifie rfiena cucta 

"Oo loeqxai'6 Ulaf> o cein, 

1n qfief cen -oibat, abb ComgaiU, 

"Oo fiijat) "Oomnaill hlli lleill. 

1n nomai-D blicroain aji nocac, 

CCn, mile bliat>an[-T)ain, MS.] co m-blait>, 

O gem Cp.ifc, cinnci cen cjiina^, 

If mnci pofile-D fein. b 

A.D. 1099. 4 n- & , A. 8 gic, B. a lotigpotxc their stronghold, 
A. b-b t.m., with corresponding marks, t.h., A ; om., B. c ' c Reading of Four 
Masters ; hua ptainn mup, leorham, MS. (which I do not understand) . 
** itl., t. h., MS. 

1099. 1 Successor of {St. Colman}. 
That is, bishop of Cloyne. Anm- 
chadhand Mac- tire (wolf),eponymous 
heads of Ui Anmchadha and Ui Mec- 
tire, the two chief families of Ui- 
Liathain (Barrj-more, co. Cork), were 
respectively descended (in the ninth 
degree) from Brocc and Ailill, sons 
of chu Liathain, from whom the 

territory was named. Echn, like his 
contemporary, Nathfraech, King of 
Cashel in the first half of the fifth 
century, was of the rac of Eoghan 
Mor. (From Mac Caille, son of Brocc, 
descended the neighbouring sept of 
Ui-Mic-Caille, Imokilly.) Ua Mec- 
tire was thus bishop of his native 
diocese. Benefaction to the cathedral 



Maenaigh, abbot of la ; Uamnachan Ua Meictire, successor L 10 "] 
of [St. Colman] 1 son of Leinin 2 ; Annud Ua Longarcain, 
successor of [St.] Colum, son of Cremhthann, 3 reposed in 
peace. A hosting by Muircertach Ua Briain and by Half 
of Mogh to Sliabh-[F]uait, until Domnall, successor of [St.] 
Patrick, made peace of a year between them and the North 
of Ireland. A hosting by Domnall Ua Lochlainn and by 
the North of Ireland past Tuaim into Ulidia. The 
Ulidians, howbeit, [were] at Craibh-telcha 4 in camp. 
Their two horse-hosts encounter : defeat is inflicted upon 
the horse-host of the fJlidians and Ua Amrain is killed 
there. Thereafter the Ulidians abandon the camp and the 
Cenel-Eogain burn it and uproot Craibh-telcha. After 
that, there are given to them two hostages and the 
successsor of [St.] Comgall in pledge {lit:, in hand] for 
two other hostages : 

Taken were the pledges of the Ulidians by force 

Witnesses tell it accurately 

By Domnall of [lit., with] the fury of the lion," 

And by generous Sil-Eogain (or, Clann[-Eogain]). 

Two strong hostages were given 

Of the heroes of the Ulidians formerly,- > y (JJr (fa 

The third without fail [was] the abbot [i.e., successor] of 

To the royal power of Domnall Ua Neill. 

The ninth year above ninety, 

Above a thousand glooming years, 

From birth of Christ [who was] formed without decay, 

It is in it occurred that. 

church, in all likelihood, caused the 
insertion of his name in the Annals. 

2 /Son of Leinin. So called in native 
documents, to distinguish him from 
the numerous other Colmans. Cellmic- 
Lenine (Church of the Son of Lenin) 

is a prebend in the diocese of Cloyne. 
The father's name lives likewise in 
Killiney CeU-inyhen-Lenine, Church 
of the Daughters of Lenin. They 
were six virgins. The seventh sister, 
Aglenn, was the first wife of Echaidh, 

ecu N aloe ulccoti. 


"Oarnliac CCftt>a-niaa -DO lofcu-5 TX> pen.ait> na Cfiaibe 
po]i Ruaif>ni hUa Rua-5aca[i]n, yu Gipcin. 
A48d CCip^iall, 7 jnqccgim | jug 6 6|ienn, m qua'Dpagepmo 6 
quinco* anno Tie^m fui, m -oecimo jCalen-oapum "Oecim- 
bpif, fuam uicam 

1an. 1. p., L x. ui., CCnno "Domini TT1. c. plann 
hUa Cinae-oa, aificinnec Oxa-qamm, ajvo oltam TYli-oe 
[in pace quieuic]. "Oonnca^ TTlac 6oca^a, pi Ula^ 7 
Dfiem 1 DO mairiB Ula-5 ime, -DO |a^a>l la "Oomnall hlla 
Loctainn, la ^115 n-CCili, 1 quincjcalann 1uin. Cpec la 
"Oomnall hlla Loclainn, co p.oofic penu-bfiel 7 pi 

CCca-cliac co hlnif-n-eogain, co fioUro a n-ap, 
ecefi baca-o 7 man.baT>. TTlac mic ^illa-Coluim Hi 
naill,fii Ceniuil-Lu5Dac 3 ,afUif occifUf ef 
CCmiia-oam 4 , muijie "Dal-piatac ; ^illa-bniT)i hUa 
Cuipc, fii TT'lufCfiai-De-bn-esain ; ^illa-na-noe6 
hei-5'mn, fii hlla-piacfiac, mofirui func- 6cpi 


Ciannacc, *oo 

T>'O Choncobaip, 

A.D. 1099. 8 |ii (nom. 8 g.), B. 
A.D. 1103. ' -Drxeani, B. *h 
B. a om., B. 

l. u.. A.B. 

A. 3 Cenil , B. * hCCmrvcroan, 

sixth in descent from Niall of the 
Nine Hostages. One of her sons is 
mentioned in Adamnan's Life of St. 
Columba (ii. 43) as Columbanug, 
fiUus Echudi. O'Clery (Mart, of 
Donegal, March 6, Nov. 24) errone- 
ously states they were of the race of 
Aenghus, son (instead of Aenghus, 
brother) of Mogh Nuadhat 

Colman belonged to the bardic 
order. The Lives of SS. Senan and 
Brendan (of Ardfert) and Cormac's 
Glossary respectively contain one of 
his poetical compositions. Each of 
the three is in a different metre. 

i * Successor of [St.] Colum, ton of 
CremtAann. Namely, Abbot of Terry- 
glas, co. Tipperary. 

4 Craibh-Ulcha The wide-branch- 
ing tree (lit-lbranch) of the hill ; under 
which the kings of Ulidia (cos. Down 
and Antrim) were inaugurated. 

5 Royal tcion. That is, par ex. 
cellence. Literally, fair son of the 
kings of Ireland. 

1 100. l With Literally, and. Party 
is nom. abs. in the original. 

8 Nobles See A.D. 1087, note 1 

They had probably gone to cele- 
brate Pentecost at Armagh (for the 



The stone church of Ard-sratha was burned by the [1099] 
men of Craib Against the Ui-Fiachrach. Ruaidhri Ua 
Ruadhacain, king of the East of Airghialla and royal 
scion 5 of Ireland, finished his life in the 45th year of his 
reign, on the 10th of the Kalends of December [Nov. 22]. 

Kalends of Jan; on 1st feria, 16th of the moon, A.D. [HOOJBis. 
1100. Flann Ua Cinaedha, herenagh of Ath-truim, chief 
bardic professor,, of Meath [rested in peace]. Donnchadh 
Macfmtftf, Ua] Eoehadha, king of Ulidia, with 1 a party of the 
nobles 2 of Ulidia about him, was captured by Domnall Ua 
Lochlainn, [namely] by the king of Ailech, on the 5th of 
the Kalends of June [Monday, May 28]. A foray by 
Domnall Ua Lochlainn, so that he laid waste Fir-Bregh 
and Fine-Gall. A hosting by Muircertach Ua Briain to 
Ess-ruadh. The fleet of Ath-cliath [sailed] to Inis-Eogain, 
whereof ensued their destruction, both by drowning and 
killing. The grandson of Gilla-Coluim Ua Domnaill, 
king of Cenel-Lughdach, was slain by his own [kinsmen]. 
Assid Ua Amhradhain, steward 3 of Dal-Fiatach ; Gilla- 
Brighte Ua Cuirc, king of Muscraidh-Bregain 4 ; Gilla- 
na-noebh 5 Ua Eidhinn, king of Ui-Fiachrach, died. 
Echri Ua Mael-Muire, king of Ciannachta, was killed by 
O'Conchobair 6 of the Ciannachta [of Glenn-Geimhin]. 

solemnity with which the feast was 
there held, see 980[-1], 818[-9], 
892 [-3] supra) and were captured, 
as they were returning, on the Mon- 
day after the Octave. This will ex- 
plain what is stated under next year, 
that their liberation took place in a 
church of that city. 

3 Steward (muire). Lord (tigherna), 
Four Masters. 

4 Bregain O'Connor prints b. gum 
and leaves a blank in his translation. 
He overlooked the mark of cou trac- 

tion (=re) attached to b in his MS. 
(B). The Annals of Innisf alien state 
that the person in question was son 
of Domnall Ua Cuirc. 

5 Gilla-na-noebh. That is, Devotee 
of the Saints. 

6 0' Conchobair. "The O' Conors 
are still numerous in Glengiven, 
which was the ancient name of the 
vale of the river Roa (Roe), near 
Dungiven, which flows through the 
very centre of this Cianachta." 
(O'Donovan, Book of Rights, p. 123). 



(hoc b anno ecclepia pancci SinelU T>e Clam-imp 
pun-oara epc b .) 

JCat 1an. in. p., 1. xx. tin., CCnno "Oomim TT). c. i. 
T)onnca-5, | rnacCCeTahUi Huaip,c,T)omapba < D i oopefiait>- 
TTlanac; Ria^cm, eppcop "On.oma-moin. 7 Coici-o* UUro, 
m pace quietus. 1nip-Caai -DO oficain -DO ^hatlaiC. 
Slo^ai) la TTluipcefVGac htla m-bfuam 7 La Lee TDoga i 
Con[n]accai6 oan.ep[p]-n.uai > 5 i "Ci p.-n -60501 n.cofiopcail- 
pec Cdlec 1 7 co |ioloifCfec 7 co fiofxip-ai^fec ilLcella 
ap.cena b im pharam TTlup,a c 7 im CCp.T)-fn.aa. "Ooltorup. pon.pep.caif-Chamfa.cop.oloifCvecCuil-p.arain 7 
co n-T>en,naific -ouineba-D ann. 5 a nr5 ia U- u ULa-5 lap, 
fin. "Oolui"5 can. Slipf> TTlii)luaci\a T>ia 15. ta 
"Oonncaf* hUa TTlaet-SecLainn i pe^n-tfiuis.conufcapai'D 
hUa Cep-Baitl 7 co pomayib T>a cec "DitS, uel paulo plup . 
Pen,7>omnac, eppcop Cille-T)an,a, m pace quieuic. Ccrcal 
hUa TTluifiica[i]n, |ii "Cecba 2 , -Decotlacuf epc. T>onnca-5 
hUa Goca-oa, n.i Uta'5, 7>o puaftucu'O a cuib^uc la "Oom- 
nall, mac TTlic b Loclamn, la n.i n-CCilig, rap, cenn a mic 
7 a comalcai, iT>on, 1 n-"0omliac CCn.T)a-tnaca, cn,e impi'&e 
comapba pacp,aic 7 famca paqiaic apcena, lap, 
comlu|a po bacaill 1pu 7 po minnaiB ajicena, i d 
A 48dends n-unT)ecim ]Calann d lanaip, 3 . | 

]Cal. 1an. 1111. p., L ix., CCnno "Domini TT1. c. n. Sopc 

A.D. 1100. *>> r.m., n.t.h., A ; om., B. 

A.D. 1101. 1 leac, A. 21 Cecpa,A. 8 enaiyx, B. .U.TD A, B. b om., 
B. = moi|i great, B, C. ** in .xi. Kl., A, B. 

[Chasm in A, up to A.D. 1109 (exclusive).] 

7 This year, etc. I have not found 
this item elsewhere. The festival of 
St. Sinell was held on Nov. 12. 

1101. l Fifth of Ulidia. O'Conor 
here commits au error which is re- 
deemed by some originality. The MS. 
forms, ,u.idh Ul. (with mark of con- 
traction attached to/), he reads ast>. id 
Jul. making the bishop die on July 1 1 . 

3 Including Laterally, around. 

1 Over the road of Mldhluachair. 
'Over at Sligo;" which, by the 
omission of Alidhluachra and by mis- 
taking slight, a road, for Sligo town, 
shows the translator of C. disregarded 
and misunderstood his text. 

As the Road of Midhluachair led 
from Tara to Ulster, the meaning is 



(Tliis year 7 the church of Saint Sinell of Clain-inis was 

Kalends of Jan. on 3rd feria, 27th of the moon, A.D. 
1101. Donnchadh, son of Aedh Ua Ruairc, was killed by 
the Fir-Manach; Riagan, bishop of Druim-mor and of 
the Fifth of Ulidia, 1 rested in peace. Inis-Cathaigh was 
pillaged by the Foreigners. A hosting by Muircertach 
Ua Briain and by the Half of Mogh into Connacht, past 
Ess-ruadh into Tir-Eogain, so that they demolished Ailech 
and burned and profaned many churches also, includ- 
ing 2 Fathan of [St.] Mura and Ard-sratha. They went 
after that over Fertas-Camsa, until they burned Cuil- 
rathain and committed massacre therein. He [ Ua Briain] 
takes the hostages of Ulidia after that [and] went over 
the Road of Midhluachair 3 to his house. A foray by 
Donnchadh Ua Mael-Sechlainn into Fern-mhagh, until Ua 
Cerbaill overtook them and killed two hundred of them, 
or a little more. Ferdomnach, bishop of Cell-dara, rested 
in peace. Cathal 4 Ua Muiricain, king of Tebtha, was 
beheaded, Donnchadh Ua Eochadha, king of Ulidia, was 
freed from fetters by Domnall, son of Mac Lochlainn, 
[that is] by the king of Ailech, in return for his son and his 
foster-brother : namely, in the stone church of Ard-Macha, 
through the intercession of the successor of [St,] Patrick 
and of the community of [St.] Patrick besides, after co- 
swearing 5 by the Staff of Jesus and by the Relics as well, 
on the llth of the Kalends of January [Dec. 22]. 


that O'Brien entered Tara as King of 
Ireland, on the march home to Kin- 
kora (near Killaloe). 

4 Cathal, etc. Over this item the 
text hand wrote : -Bug na caekm 7 
if e p-omafib TTlael-Seclainn 
" Juice . . . and it is he that killed 
Mael-Sechlainn ; " meaning that sug 

na caelan was a nick-name of Ua 
Muirecain and that he was the slayer 
of Mael-Sechlainn, King of Tara 
(1087, supra). 

5 Co-swearing. Namely, by the 
son of Mac Lochlainn and Ua Eoch- 
adha. See 1100, note 2. 


ccmicclcc ulcmti. 

y( \ 

B 46c 

Coltnm-cille T>O lopca-o. Donnca-B, mac Ocpi hUi CCici-5, 
piT>omna tiUa-n-Gacac, T>O mafibcro T>O Ullcaib (nx>n* 
ipn coiceT) 1 mip lap p apugu-b pacpaic TX>*). "Oomnall, 
mac "dsepnain tilli Huaipc, pi Conmaicne, T>O mapba-6 
oo Conmaicm15 pein. Cu-maigi hUaCaipill, aipcinnec 
"Duin, mopcuup efc- ptaicbeficac TTlac 
hUa-piacfiac CC|iT)a-f para, T>O mapbai> T>O 
Slo^a-D la CineL-ii-Oogain co Tnag-Coba. "Dotouup 
Ulai'5'ifin ait>ci ipm longpopc, co pomapbpar; Sicpiuc 
hUa TTlael-paCaitl (iT>on b , pi Caippce-bpacaiT)e b ) 7 
8icpiuc, mac Conpaig, mic Gogain 7 alii. tnagnup, 
pi Loclainni, colongaip moip T>O ui-becc 1 TDanainn 7 
pic m-bliaT>na T>O T>enum T>oiB 7 T>O pepaiC Gpenn. 
Gicepe'Da pep ti-6penn illaim "Oomnaill, comapba 
pacpaic, pe fit m-blia-ona ecep hUa m-bpiam (n>on b , 
lTluipcepcac b ) 7 hlla Loclainn (iT>on b , *Domnall b ) 7 
apaile. TTluipe-Dac hUa CipT)uba[i]ii,aipcinnec Lugbai-fe, 
DO mapbaT* r>o pepaiB miT>e beup. Ropp-aibuip (IT> C 
epc, cum pacpe puo c ) -DO apcain T>O UiB-6cac 1 n-r>isail 
mapbca Hi "Oonnca'oa (iT)on, a TTVicjia hepluimme 3 ). 
Caipil -DO lopca-o -DO GiliC. Tllulpon hUa Tllopsaip, 
aip-opeplei^inT) CCpT>a-iriaca 7 lapcaip Ooppa uile, | 
copum mulcip cepcibup, 1 cep[c] Won Ocnmbep, puam 
uicam pelicicep pniuic (iT>on, a i mansapic"). 

|Cal. 1an- u. p., 1. acx., CCnno T)ommi 171. c. 111. 
Scannep cpo-oa ecep pepu-iuipg 7 

A.D. 1102. J .u.eD, MS. (B) a itl., t.h., MS. ; om., C. bb itL,t. h., 
MS. Given in text of C. " itl., t.h., MS. ; " with y e fryers," C. 

1102. 1 Katnely, etc. The por- 
tion within brackets is omitted by 
the P.M. and by O'Conor. The 
offence is stated in the Annals of 
Loch Ce to have been committed 
against the community of St. 
Patrick. The Annals of Inn'ufttllen, 
with more precision, state that the 

Ui-Echach made a great raid upon 
the community of Armagh and slew 
four-and-twenty of the church-folk. 

* In custody of Lomnall As O'Brien 

and O'Loghlinn each claimed to be 

paramount, the hostages were deposited 

with a superior acknowledged by both. 

3 And so on. That is, the com- 



Kalends of Jan. on 4th feria, 9th of the moon, A.D. [U02J 

1102. Sort of Colum-cille was burned. Donnchadh, son 
of Echri TJa Aitidh, royal heir of the Ui-Eachach, was 
killed by the Ulidians (namely, 1 in the fifth month after 
the profaning of Patrick by him) . Domnall, son of 
Tigernan TJa Ruairc, king of Conmaicni, was killed by 
the Conmaicni themselves. Cu-mhaighi Ua Cairill, 
herenagh of Dun, died. Flaithbertach Mac Fothaigh, 
king of Ui-Fiafcrach of Ard-sratha, was killed by the 
men of Lurg. A hosting by the Cenel-Eogain to Magh- 
Coba. The Ulidians went in the night into the camp, so 
that they killed Sitriuc Ua Mael-fhabhaill (namely, king 
of Carraic-Brachaide) and Sitriuc, son of Conrach, son of 
Eogan and others. Maghnus, king of Lochlann, went 
with a large fleet into Mananu and peace of a year was 
made by them and by the Men of Ireland.- The hostages of 
the Men of Ireland [were placed] in custody of Domnall, 2 
successor of [St.] Patrick, for [securing] peace of a year 
between Ua Briain (that is, Muircertach) and Ua Loch- 
lainn (namely, Domnall) and so on. 3 Muiredhach Ua 
Cirdubain, herenagh of Lughbadh, was killed by the Men 
of Meath also. Ross-ailithir (namely, with its superior 4 ) 
was pillaged by the Ui-Echach [of Munster], in revenge 
of the killing of Ua Donnchadh a, namely, of Mac-na-her- 
luime 5 . Cashel was burned by the Eili. Mughron Ua 
Morghair, archlector of Ard-Macha and of all the West of 
Europe, felicitously finished his life (namely, in Mungarit^) 
before many witnesses, on [Sunday] the 3rd of the Nones 
[5th] of October. 

Kalends of Jan. on 5th feria, 20th of the moon, A.D. [1103] 

1103. A courageous skirmish [was fought] between the 

piler omitted details contained in 
the authority he worked from. 

Though this portion of the MS. is 
missing, to judge from the F. M., who 
give this entry with equal brevity, 
the expression was contained in A. 

The items passed over were perhaps 
the names of the hostages. 

*Sitperior. "With ye fryers," 
C. The reading of the translator's 
original was thus apparently cum 
fratribus suls. 


ccwicclcc ulccoti. 

copcaip ap ceccajvoe. Ua Cananna[i]n TJO innapba[T>] 
a pi|i 'Ghipe-Conaitt ta "Oomnall hUa loclainn. 
TTlupcai) -oonn (n>on,* Ua RuaT>aca[i]n') T>O mapba-5 
(fi b uepum efc b ) pop cpeic i triais-CoBa 7 m cpec 
hipn T>o mapbar) in QUa. 51117: hUi Copmaic ifint) lo 
* cerna. Hobnail hlla Oca[i]n, peccaipe ^etca-of^, -DO 
mapba-5 T>O pepait5 TTlaisi-lra. Coca^ mop erefiCenel- 
n 7 Utlcu, co cainig TTluificepcac hUa bpmin co 
muman 7 laigen 7 Oppaisi 7 co mmnC Connacc 
7 co pepaiC TTli-oe im a fi^aiB co THas-CoBa i poifiicin 
Ulcr5. "OoUoctifi -oiRmai!!! co TTlaccnjie CCitvo-TTlaca 
(iTK>n, e co CilL na Conpaipe c ), co m-bacufi feccmain a 
poyi CCpT)-TTlaca."Oomnalt bUa loclamn co 
c 6[ienn pfiifin yie fin 1 n-Uib-bfiefail-TTlaca, 
1 c'asai-o pfiui. fiobcrcun. imonjfio PI|X ^ 
171 u man, -oolui-D TDuificeprac co hOCenac-TTlaca 7 co 
hCmum 7 cimceall -DO CCfiD-TTl aca. co pafi^aiC occ 
n-unga oifi pofifin aluoin. 7 co fio^eatl occ picue e bo. 
Ocuf impaif 1 Tnag-CoBa T)0|ii[^]ip (n> b efc, non 
imper;paT:o|x b ) 7 -pacbaip CoiceT) tai^en am) 7 focan>i T>O 
pepaiB TTluman. CCcnail -pein imoyifio -po|i cfieacuft i 
n-''oe, copapcaiB T)onnca^, mac 'Coififi'oelbaig, 
ann 7 mac hUi Concobui^i, pi Ciapai-oe 7 hUa beoain ec 
aln opcimi. "Ooltui-o "Domnatt hUa Loclainn co 
'Cuaifcefic Sfienn 1 THas-CotSa pop. amuf 
"Cecaic imoppo Lai5in 7 Orpaigi 7 Pp Tlluman 7 
amal pobatup, i n-a n-agai-o 7 -pepair cat (i-oon, f in- 

A.D. 1103. iU., t.h., MS. Given in text of C. *>-> itL, th. f MS. ; 
om., C. M itl., t.h^ MS. "To BaU Cornajre " (by metathesis of n and 
r), C. d uii. main, MS. xx., MS. 

8 Mac-na-herluime, Son of the 
patron-church. He had probably, 
in accordance with the decree in 
the Collectio Canonum Hiberneruii 
^XLII. 14 : De alumni* eccUriae), 
been dedicated from his youth to 
the church of Roscarbery. 

/n ^fungarit. From this it can be 

inferred that he had gone an pilgri- 
maye to the monastery of Mungret 
(co. Limerick), to prepare for death. 
1 103. 1 Raiding-force. Literally, 
raid: ereeh being employed in a 
secondary sense, as a collective, sig- 
nifying the agents (whence the Anglo- 
Irish crcaqht\ 



2 Face to face. Laterally, /ace to 
thy face. The narrator, as it were, 
addresses the auditor. 

3 Request. Perhaps that the 

archbishop of Armagh would de- 
liver up the hostages men tiered 
under the preceding year. 

Men of Lurg and the Tuath-ratha, wherein fell a large [1103] 
number on both sides. TJa-Canannain was expelled from 
the kingship of Tir-Conaill by Domnall Ua Lochlainn. 
Murcad the Brown (namely, Ua Ruadacain) was killed (if 
it is true) on a raid in Magh-Cobha and that raiding-force 1 
slew the Stammerer. Gilla Ua Cormaic, on the same day. 
Raghnall TJa Ocain, lawgiver of Telach-og, was killed 
by the Men of Magh-Itha. Great war between the 
Cenel-Eogain an*d Ulidians, so that Muircertach Ua Briain 
came with the Men of Munster and of Leinster and of 
Ossory and with the nobles of Gonnacht and with the 
Men of Meath, including their kings, to Magh-Cobha, in 
aid of the Ulidians. Both [forces] went to the Plain of 
Ard-Macha (namely, to Cell-na-Conraire), so that they 
were a week in leaguer against Ard-Macha. Domnall Ua 
Lochlainn with the North of Ireland [was] during that 
space in Ui-Bresail-Macha, face to face 2 against them. 
Howbeit, when the Men of Munster were tired out, 
Muircertach went to Aenach-Macha and to Emhain and 
around to Ard-Macha, so that he left eight ounces of gold 
upon the altar and promised eight score cows. And he 
turns into Magh-Cobha again (namely, not having obtained 
[his request 3 ]) and leaves the Fifth of Leinster- and a 
detachment of the Men of Muuster therein. But he applied 
himself to pillaging in Dal-Araidhe, so that he lost 4 there 
Donnchadh, son of Toirrdelbach and the son of Ua 
Conchobuir, King of Oiaraidhe and Ua Beoain and others 
most excellent 5 . Domnall Ua Lochlainn went with the 
North of Ireland into Magh-Cobha to attack Leinster. 
Howbeit, Leinster and Ossory and the Men of Munster 
and the Foreigners, as they were, come against them and 
they fight a battle (that is, on the Nones [5th] of August 



mmoclcc ulcroti. 

Mom CCu5u[i]pc 7 1 Cecain 7 1 noma7> B [uataT>] picet* 
[epcai] 7 if in occmaT> h to lap tecc T>O [CCpT>]TTlacai f ). 
TTlaiDif cpa pop Ler TTIo^a 7 lacep a n-ap: et>on, ap 
Lai^en, im TTltnpcepcac, mac ^illa-TTlocolmoMc 7 im 
oa Ua lopca[i]n 7 im TTIuipcepcac, mac TTlic ^opma[i]n 
ec aln ; ap bUa-Cemiifealai^, inroa mac TTlael-TTIbopDa 
7im btl[a] Ria[i]n (iDon," pi bUa-n-T)pona a )eT:alii ; dp 
im ^^^-Pc^paic puar, 1-oon, p 

ajxceana ; a|i ^atl CCca-cbac, im 
mac Gfiic 7 im pol, mac OCmainT)7im beollan 
OCfimtmn ec alii ; ctfi pep TTluman, im -oa hUa bfiic, 
iT)on, T>a |HT>omna na n-'Oepfe 7 im hUa pailBe, iT>on, 
pi-Domna Copco-ouiCne 7 efipi Laien 7 1 im hUa TTluifie- 
oai, |ii Ciajiai-oe, co n-a mac ; ec aln | multi 

quof caufa bfieuicacif fcjiibefie 2 p|ier;e|imifimiip. 

Cenel-n-eo^am co 'Cuaifceju; Gpenn co 
copcap mop 7 co y ecaif> inToaiB, imon pupoll pi^a 7 im 
camlmne 7 im fecaib im-oai6 apcena. TTIa^nUf, pi 
Loclainm, T>O mapba-o fop cpeic i n-UllcaiB. Catalan 
TTlac8ena[i]n'DomapbaT-DoCbaipppi[B]. TTlupca-DbUa 
plaieca[i]ji, aipcmnec CCp-oa-bo, pui ecnai 7 eanai 
7 aipcicuil, in pepigpinacione fua ! (iT>on,* i n-CCpT)- 
TTlaca a ) pelicicep obnr. 

}CaL 1an. ui. p, 1. 1., CCnno "Domini TT1. c. 1111. 
mac plainD TDainifcpec, milef opcimup 
pace quie[uir;]. THai-cm pia n-UllcaiB pop 
T)al'n-CCpai7>e, 1 copcaip *0ubcenn btla T)ama[i]n i pp 1 ^' 

1 iTxni namely, MS. ; " and," C. J y-qxibi, MS. (B). 
"1. m., t.h., MS.; om., C. K-K 1X . xx., MS. h uin., MS. ' pom, MS. ; om., C. 

O'Donovan's Tuesday (i^.,p. 975) U 
to be corrected to Wednesday, ia 
accordance with his text 

7 Other -t. Cf. note 5 (supra). 

8 Sub-king. The name is not 
given in the Annals of Innisf alien. 

9 And many, etc. "And many 
more, which for brevity of wry- 
tinge we omit," C. 

4 Lost. Literally, left (on the 
field of battle). 

8 Others most excellent. In giving 
the nominative, the compiler over- 
looked the fact that the context re- 
quires the accusative. 

6 The 29th. The lunation, which 
is correct, has been omitted by the 
Fonr Masters (Vol. ii. p. 974). 


and on Wednesday and on the 29th 6 [day of the moon] [H03] 
and on the eighth day after [his, Ua Briain's] coming to 
Ard-Macha). But defeat is inflicted upon the Half of 
Mogh and slaughter o them ensues, namely, slaughter of 
Leinster, around Muircertach, son of Gilla-Mocholmoic and 
around the two Ui Lorcain and around Muircertach, son 
of Mac Grorrnain and others 7 ; slaughter of the Ui-Ceinnse- 
laigh, around the two sons of Mael-Mhordha and around 
Ua iliain (namely, king of Ui-Drona) and others 7 ; 
slaughter of Ossory, around Gilla-Patraic the Red, that is, 
king of Ossory and around the royal family of Ossory also ; 
slaughter of the Foreigners of Ath-cliath, around Torstan, 
son of Eric and around Paul, son of Amand and around 
Beollan Armunn and others 7 ; slaughter of the Men of 
Munster, around the two Ui Brie, that is, the two royal 
heirs of the Dessi and around Ua Failbhe, namely, royal heir 
of Corcoduibhne and the sub-king 8 of Leinster and around 
Ua Muiredaigh, king of Ciaraidhe, with his son and many 
other 9 most excellent persons, whom for brevity sake we 
pass over writing. Cenel-Eogain with the North of 
Ireland returned with great triumph and with many 
treasures, including the royal pavilion [of Ua Briain] and 
including the [royal] banner [of the same] and including 
many treasures [of his] besides. Maghnus, king of Loch- 
lann, was killed upon a foray in Ulidia. Cathalan Mac 
Senian, was killed by the Cairpri. Murchadh Ua Flaithe- 
cain, herenagh of Ard-bo, master of learning, liberality 
and poetry, died felicitously on his pilgrimage f namely, 
in Ard-Macha). 

Kalends of Jan. on 6th feria, 1st of the moon, A.D. |_ll04Bis.J 
1104. Feidhlimidh, son of Flann 1 of Mainisterf-Buithi], 
most worthy soldier of Christ, rested in peace. 2 A defeat 

1104. 1 Flann. Died 1056 (supra'), 
For his Synchronisms, see Todd 
Lectures, Series III., No. II. 

2 Rested in peace. As Soldier of 

Christ signified a monk it may be 
inferred that Feidhlimidh belonged 
to the community of Monasterboice 
(co. Louth). 



ccwjccloc uloroli. 

jyrni. Concobup (iT>on, a hUa Concobaip a ), mac TTlael- 
8eclainn, pi Copcombpua-5, mopi;u[u]p [ere]. TTlac na 
haiTxie hlla Huaipc a puip ppacpibup occipup epc. 
8lo|aT) la rnuipcepcac hUa m-bpiain co TTlas 
TThnpcernne, co pomillper; tpebaipe m 1110151 7 ipin 
c-pluasai) fin pohepcpai) Cu-UUrn hUa CainT>elba[i]n, 
pi Loegaipe, co n-T>epbailc T)e. SLo^a'b la "Domnall 
hUa Loclainn, co TTlal-CoCa, co rue giallu ULa^ 7 co 
ti-'oeocai'D co "CeriipaiT;, co poloip c bloif> moip -DO loe^aipi 
7 co cajaaic repmonn -DoiC apcena. Copmac hlla Cop- 
TTiaic7rx)ifec 1Tlonac b TX>"~3c. "Ounca-o hUa Concobuip, 
pi Ciannacc c , T>O mapba-D -Dia foinit5 pein. 

]Cal.1an. i.p., Lac. 11. ,CCn no "Domini m. c.u. 1T1uipe p Dac 
TTlac Cana; THaelpuanai'D hlla bilpin (iT>on, a pi hUa- 
Caipbpe 3 ) ; TTlael-8eclainn hUaConain^ (1 -non, b 

Caip b ) in penicenna mopcui punc. Concobup, mac 
TTlael-8eclainn, pi-oomna "Cempac, occiptip c efT: c "Oom- 
nall, comapba pacpaic, "DO recr; co hCCc-cliac T>O 
oenum pia etep TTluipceprac hUa m-bpiain 7 mac TTlic 
Loclamn (iT>on, a "Oomnall 3 ), conopo^aib galup ann 7 co 
ruca"?) 1 n-o-a alu p co "OomnacCCi prep-em n a, copohonga-D 
ann 7 co cuca-o lap pin co "Oambac, co n-T>epbailc ann. 
Ocup ruca-5 a copp co hCCpT)-TTlaca, foon, i ppi-o I'D 
CCusu[i]pc 7 1 8acupn 7 1 poil Lappein 1nnpi-TTlupen 7 
i d n-occmai) [uara-o] pce-o d [epcai]. Ceallac, mac CCe-oa, 

A.D. 1104. - itl., t.h., MS. ; given in text, C. > Tllaonac, C. 
"Connaaght," C. 

A.D. 1105. -< itl, U., MS. ; given in text, C. b - b iU., t.h., MS. ; 
om., C. c ' c occtp punc, MS., C. dKl in. uin.incro., MS. From 
iTK>n (inclusive) to end of sentence om., C. 

3 Encounter. Literally, counter- 

4 Spared the inhabitants. Liter- 
allj, gave them termonn besides. 
Ter;;/onn = Latin terminus, land 
bounded off for a church or mon- 
astery ; then, right of asylum ; 

hence, as here, to spare life. Cf, 
the Collectio Canonum /libernenrit : 
De locit consecratis (xiv.), De civi- 
tatibui refugii (xxvm.). 

1105. J Damliac (Dnleek, co. 
Meath) Ard-Macha. Taking 
damliac literally, the Four Masters 


[was inflicted] by the Ulidians upon the Dal-Araidhe, [1104] 
wherein fell Dubcenn Ua Damain in the eseetttiter. 3 Ot"" 
Concobur (that is, Ua Concobair), son of Mael-Sechlainn, 
king of Corcombruadh, died. " Son of the Night " Ua 
Ruairc was slain by his kinsmen. A hosting by Muir- 
certach Ua Briain to the Plain of Muirthemhne, so that 
they destroyed the tillage of the Plain. And in that 
hosting Cu-Uladh Ua Caindelbain, king of Loeghaire, 
was thrown [off" a horse], so that he died thereof. 
A hosting by Domnall Ua Lochlainn to Magh-Cobha, so 
that he took away the pledges of Ulidia and went to Tara 
and burned large portion of Loeghaire and spared the 
inhabitants. 4 Connac Ua Cormaic, chief of Monaigh, 
died. Dunchadh Ua Concobuir, king of the Cianiiachta 
[of Glenn- Gemhin], was killed by his own people. 

Kalends of Jan. on 1st feria, 12th of the moon, A.D. 
1105. Muiredhach Mac Cana ; Maelruanaidh Ua Bilrin 
(namely, king of Cairbri); Mael-Sechlainn Ua Conaing 
(that is, of the Dal-'Cais) died in penance. Conchobur, son 
of Mael-Sechlainn, royal heir of Tara, was slain. Domnall, 
successor of Patrick, went to Ath-cliath to make peace 
between Muircertach Ua Briain and the son of Mac Loch- 
lainn (namely, Domnall), so that he took illness there 
and he was carried in his illness to Domnach of Airthir- 
Emhna. There he was anointed and he was carried 
after that to Damliac 1 and he died there. And his 
body was carried to Ard-Macha, 1 that is, on the 2nd of the 
Ides [12th] of August and on Saturday and on the feast 
of [St.] Lasrian of Inis-Muren [recte, Inis-Muredaigh] and 
on the 28th 2 [of the moon]. Ceallach, son of Aedh, son of 

state that Domnall was carried to 
the stone-church of Armagh and 
died there ! 

2 On the 28th. O'Conor gives in 
xxviii., leaving a blank after, as 

if the scribe had omitted some 
necessary words. There is no hiatus 
in the MS. 

In the Annals of Loch Ce (ad 
an.), all the criteria of the day are 



(nincclcc ulccoTi. 



mic TTlail-1pa, 7>o oipTmef) i n-a inafc 1 comapbup 
paic, a 1:050 pep | n-6penn 7 pocuaii) pojgpa'Dai ft ittou 
peili COoomnain. Miall o-oophUa Concobuifi TX>niap- 
bcrfi. TTluipgip liUa Concenain-o -DO ec. 8lu 050-6 la 
TTluipcepcac hUa m-Optcnn, co pomnapb "Oonnccrb hUa 
TT)ael-8eclainn a pii 1apaip TTli-oe. 

. 1 an. 11. p., L acx. 111., CCnno "Ootnini m.c.ui. Cnec- 
ftuaige^ la "Oomnall hUa loctamn 1 poi|iiT>in "Oonn- 
ccrba hUi TTlael-Seclamn, co fioopccroufi lafirap Tnif>e 7 
co rdpuf "Oonnccro ann pop rcerf)le-& 7 co fiomafiba-D e. 
T)ipit;-"0iafim(n;a co n-a oefirai^ -DO loycar>. "Cuaral, 
comapba Coern^in, m pace quieuic. Ceattac, comapba 
Pacpaic, -pop. cuaipc Ceniuil-Oo^ain cecna cup, co rue 
a 6|-peip : 1-oon, bo cec pepip, a no 05 n-T>dpa cec tfxin., 
no lec-un^a cec cer[p]aip, la caeB n-e-oCapc n-inroa 
olcena. Cacbanji hUa T)omnaill, pi Ceneo[i]l-LuDac 
[mopr;uup b epc b ]. Ceallac pop cuaipc TTlunnan cecna 
5up be[u]p, co rue a lan-cuaipr;: i*oon pecc c m-bae 7 
pecc c caipi57le-un5acecpuin'o cpica-cec d 1 TTluma[i]n, 
la raeB pec n-inroa olcena. Ocup appoer imoppo Ceal- 
lac spafta uapaleppcoip T>o'n cup pin, a popcongpa pep 

A.D. 1106. .m.eii, MS. ^ " Dyed," C. = .tin., MS. d .c., MS. 

omitted. The Four Masters pass 
over the lunation, 

3 ReceitedHoly Orders. Literally, 
went under degrees. Cellach (usually 
culled by the meaningless Latin 
alias, Celsus) was, it thus appears, 
one of the eight intruded laymen 
mentioned in St. Bernard's Life of 
St. Malachy. In addition, he was 
ordained per salt urn and, being but 
26 years old, under the canonical 
age, which in the Irish Church, 
according to the Collectio Canonum 
Hiberneiuit (III. 11), was SO years 

for the priesthood. As a set-off, 
perhaps, to those irregularities, the 
Orders were not conferred until 
Quarter-Tense Saturday, which fell 
on September 23 in 1 105. By Men 
of Ireland are accordingly to be un- 
derstood the immediate adherents of 
the person thrust into the succession . 

4 Fiach, etc. Thus given in C. ; 
also in the Annals of Boyle (ad an.), 
with the variant 'iachra. 

1106. Successor of [St.] Coem. 
ffhen. Abbot of Glendalougb, co. 


Mail-Isu, was instituted in his place in the succession of [1105] 
Patrick, by choice of the Men of Ireland. And he re- 
ceived Holy Orders on the day of the feast of Adomnan 
[Sep. 23]. Niall Ua Concobuir the Swarthy was killed. 
-^Muirghis Ua Concheanaind [king of Ui-Diarmada] died. 
A hosting by Muircertach Ua Briain, so that he expelled 
Donnchadh Ua Mael-Sechlainn from the kingship of the 
West of Meath. 

("Fiach 8 OTfein was killed.") 

Kalends of Jan. on 2nd feria, 23rd of the moon, A.D. 1106. [1106] 
A foray-hosting by Domnall Ua Lochlainn in aid of Don- 
nchadh Ua Mael-Sechlainn, so that they wasted the West of 
.Meath and Donnchadh was overtaken on a surprise-party 
and he was killed. Disirt-Diarmata with its oratory was 
burned. Tuathal, successor of [St.] Coemhghen, 1 rested 
in peace. Ceallach, successor of Patrick, [went] upon 
circuit of Cenel-Eogain [for] the first turn, so that he took 
away his full demand : namely, a cow for every six, or an 
in-calf heifer for -every three; or a half ounce [of silver] 
for every four, besides many donations also. Cathbarr Ua 
Domnaill, 2 king of Cenel-Lughdach, died. Ceallach [suc- 
cessor of Patrick went] upon circuit 3 of Munster also [for] 
the first turn, so that he took away his full circuit[-sum] : 
namely, seven cows and seven sheep and a half ounce for 
every cantred 4 of land in Munster, besides many valuable 
gifts as well. And Ceallach also received the orders of 
archbishop 5 on that occasion, by direction of the Men of 

2 Cathbarr Ua Domnaill. His 
name occurs on the reliquary 
called the Cathach, a silver case, 
enclosing the Psalter. See Reeves, 
Adamnan, p. 319, sq. 

3 Circuit, This visitation of 
Munster, it is significant, was not 
mentioned in the Annals of Innis- 


4 Cantred. Literally, thirty hun- 
dred. About twice the size of a 
barony, according to Dr. Reeves 
(Townland Distribution of Ireland, 

Proc. R.I.A., vii., p.475). 

5 Orders of archbishop. As the J^yJU 
non-consecration of Cellach in the 
proceeding year, we may assume,"!"- 

was owing to the suffragan being 


f n-epenn. Cain com puc tiUa baigill, uapaleppcop CCipT>- 
TTlaca, in pace quieuic. ecsaip,pi CClban, mopcuup epc. 

]Cal. 1an. in. p., 1. 1111., CCnno"Oomim TY). c. un. 8nec- 
cai lai co n-ai-oce TX) pepcain m Cecain" pia peil POC- 
paic, co fiota dp cerpa i n-6pinn Cenn-copa-5 -DO 
topca-o (T>o b aic b ) ecep "Da Caipc, co pepcaic T)at>ac euep 
mi-D 7 bfiogoiT). Concobup, mac "Ouinnpleit5e, p,iT>omna 
ULa^, T>O mafiba^ -DO pejiait) pep-n-muigi. TDai-Dm pia 
n-tli[b]-bfiefait -pop U^bJ-TTlei^, 1 copcaifi a n-dn, im a 
1115, iDon, CCe^ hUa Innpeaccai^. Carufac hlla Duam- 
ma [i] n, pi hUa-m-bpium CCpcaitle, TK> uin -DO Uib-Cpe- 
mcainn, co n-T>en,baitc "oe- Go^an, mac TThc Riabai, 7>o 
tnafiba^ 'n-a -bijaiL pliuc toinenn mop. ipin bba^ain 
fi, co pomitl na hapBanna. TTlael-pacpaic hUa 
B47b "Opuca[i]n -DO | gabait -pepufaieisinn CCip-De-TTlaca 
illoo peile CCilCe 7 Tllotaipi "Oaim^Tnnpi. TTiael-Colaim 
hlla Opotca[i]n T>O gabail eppcopoice lap n-amapac. 
816 m-blia-ona oo'oenam TO Chellac, comapba parpaic, 
icep TTlupca-b lilla m-bpiain 7 "Oomnall, mac ITlic 

1an. 1111. p., L x. u., CCnno "Oomini TT1. c. uin. 
Luimnec T>O topcai) DO aicc. "Oomnalt hUa CCnbeir, pi 
hlla-TTIeic; *OomnalL hlla Ruaipc, pi hlla m-bpium, 
occipi punc. Cealtac, comapba pacpaic, pop cuaipc 

A.D. 1107. a .c.ain, MS\ *>> itl., t.h., MS. ; om., C. 

alive, it will follow that the present 
event, though recorded in connexion 
with the Munstcr visitation, took 
place after the death of O'Boyle. 

In addition, Ceilach's assumption 
of the primacy had, according to the 
present Annals, been acquiesced in 
by the southern moiety of Ireland. 

6 JBuhop of Ard-Macha.fh&t is, 
without territorial j urisdiction. He 

had been consecrated as suffragan 
of Domnall on Whitsunday, 1099 

7 Donnell, etc. Given thus in C. 
The original is in Annals of Boyle 
(ad an.). 

1 107. J Fell. Literally, to fall. 

3 Wednesday. The date is thus 
fixed, because the feast of St. 
Patrick fell on Sunday in this year. 



Ireland. Caincomruc Ua Baighill, eminent bishop of [1106] 
Ard-Macha, 6 restediu peace. Etgair,kingof Scotland, died. 
(" Donell 7 Mac Rory O'Conor deposed by Murtagh 
O'Bryan and put Tirlagh, his cossen, in his place to be 

Kalends of Jan. on 3rd feria> 4th of the moon, A.D. [1107J 

1107. Snow of a day and a night fell 1 [on] the Wednesday 2 
[March 13] before the feast of Patrick, so that there en- 
sued destruction of cattle in Ireland. Cenn-coradh was 
burned (by lightning) between the two Easters 3 [April 14- 
April 21], together with sixty vats of mead and bragget. 
Conchobur, son of Donnsleibhe [Ua Eochadha] , royal heir 
of TJlidia, was killed by the Men of Fern-Magh. A 
defeat [was inflicted] by the Ui-Bresail upon the Ui-Meith, 
wherein fell a slaughter of them, including their 
king, namely* Aedh Ua Innreachtaigh. Cathusach Ua 
Tuammain, king of the Ui-Briuin of Archaille, was 
wounded by the Ui-Cremhthainn, so that he died thereof. 
Eogan, son of Mac Riabaigh, was killed in revenge of 
him. Excessive wet bad weather in this year, so that it 
destroyed the crops. Mael-Patraic Ua Drucain took the 
lectorship of Ard-Macha on the day of the feast of [St.] 
Ailbe and of [St.] Molaisse of Daimh-inis [Sep k 12]. 
Mael-Coluim Ua Brolchain rjocoivod opiooopal ooHseegfttioa 4 
alter the morrow. Peace of a year was made by Cellach, 
successor of Patrick,- between Murchadh Ua Briain and 
Domnall, son of Mac Lochlainn. 

Kalends of Jan. on 4th feria, 15th of the moon, A.D. [llOSBis.] 

1108. Limerick was burned by lightning. Domnall Ua 
Anbeith, king of Ui-Meith ; Domnall Ua Ruairc, king of 
Ui-Briuin, were slain. 1 -Ceallach, successor of Patrick, 

3 Two Easters. That is, Easter 
Sunday and Low Sunday. The 
latter was called in Irish Minchaisc, 
little Easier (1109 infra). 

4 Episcopal consecration. Liter- 
ally, episcopacy. He succeeded Ua 
Baighill, who died in 1106, supra. 

1108. l Were slain The plural 


comcclcc ulccoti. 

)( ( Connacc cerna* cup, co cue a 6j=;-peip. Oen^up Mia 
v Cleipcen, rnoeji"Obail-Caif ; Cealtac hUa Coemopa[i]n, 
comapba Cainm [obiepunc 11 ]. CCcac 501 ri TJO tiaccain 
hi cep[r] Non Sepcirobip. Tec DO gabail -DO 11 ' 
mar^amna ~j *oo IT TT)aetpuanai| pop oll n-saptJ- 
pai$e(iT>on/ 1 6ocaifyTnacT)uinnpleiu'ehlli Boca-Da* 1 ), ITJOTI, 
pop pig n-llla-o 7 a T>icermcn> leo. OCe-o, mac "Otn?>- 
oaleici (iT)on, c pofaipcmnec CCip-oa-TTlaca'), a-obuji 
comgntxi Pacfiaic, T>O ec. "Oai|ii?iep niofipoefiinn uile. 
Y -OlicrBain fucac con-T>e|;fin ycommaT) apCa 7 meapa 
m bliaTain pi. 1nip-hUa-Labfi<roa -DO cogait la piftu- 

A49a ]cal. 1an. in. p., 1. acx. ui., CCnno T)omini TYl.c. ix. 
CCcup m Chaipc pop pepc 1 jCalann TDai 7 TYlincaipc [pop] 
ala laiau -DO Shanipa'D 7 peit TTlocoem6[i]c a Leic pop 
Sarapn Inin. Silla-CCilt5e blla Ciapmaic, pi CCine- 
Ctiac, mopruup 2 epr. Hflael-1pu htla Cuiten, uapal- 
eppoc "Cuaipcipc Gperm ; CCen^up hlla "OomnalLa[i]n, 
ppirTianmcapa 8arTia Cotuim-citle [obiepunr]. CCp 
hUa-rn-Opepail im a pi, iT>on, im "Oapcm 7 hlli-n-6cac 

A.D. 1108. a,MS. bAlsoom. inC. 'Accented, MS. d-d partly 
ill., partly r.m., t.h., MS. ; om., C. - itl., t.h., MS. ; given in text, C. 
A.D. 1109. 1 1111., A, B. 2 cup, B. TTlocolmoc, A, B, C. 

formula is retained with only one 
of the two names in the Annalt 
of Loch Ce ; proving that the com- 
piler did not understand the 

2 Successor of [&.] Cainnerh. 
Abbot of Aghaboe, co. Kilkenny. 

8 Came. Literally, to come. 

4 Ua, Maelntanaiyh. He is not 
mentioned in the list in L. L. (p. 4 1 d) , 
which states that the king was 
killed by Eochaid Ua Mathgamna. 
Herewith the Annals of Innwfallen 
(ad an.) agree. 

5 Eligible to be successor. Liter- 
ally, material of a tucccstor. 

Adbur with the genitive signifies 
idiomatically one qualified by de- 
scent, or otherwise, for an office. 
After the death of his father, Dub- 
daleithe, in 1064 (supra), Aedh's 
claim was successively set aside in 
favour of Mail-Isu and Domnall, 
sons of Amalgaid. He was too 
old for election when Domnall died. 

1109. l Second day. In diebus. 
O'Conor. Little Easter he trans- 
lates by Petitecostes. But this was 
an oversight, as at 1107 he gives 
Dominica in Albis. The same cri- 
teria are noted at 918 (=919), 



[went] upon circuit of Connacht the first time, so that he [1108] 
took away his full demand. Oengus Ua Cleirchen, steward 
of Dal-Cais ; Ceallach Ua Coemorain, successor of [St.] 
Cainnech, 2 died. A gust of wind came 3 on the 3rd of the 
Nones [3rd] of September. A house was seized by Ua 
Mathgamna and by Ua Maelruanaigh 4 upon Goll Garb- 
hraidhe (namely, Eochaidh, son of Donnsleibhe Ua 
Eochadha), that is, the king of Ulidia and he was beheaded 
by them. Aedh, son of Dubdaleithi (namely, deputy- 
herenagh of Ard-Macha), one eligible to be successor 5 of 
Patrick, died. Great oak-crop throughout all Ireland. 
A sajpj)y year with good weather and abundance of corn 
and of fruit [was] this year. Inis-Ua-Labradha was 
razed by the Fir-Manach. 

Kalends of Jan. on 6th feria, 26th of the moon, A.D. 
1109. And Easter [fell] upon the 7th of the Kalends of 
May [April 25] and little Easter [upon] the 2nd day 1 of 
Summer [May 2] and the feast of Mochoemoc of Liath 
upon the Saturday- of the Beginning [of Lent, 2 March 131. 

Gilla-Ailbe Ua Ciarmaic, king of Aine-Cliach, died. 
Mael-Isu Ua Cuilen, eminent bishop of the North of Ire- 
land; Oengus Ua Domnallain, chief t soul-friend of the 
Community of Colum-cille, died. Slaughter of the Ui- 
Bresail [took place] around their king, that is, around 


2 Beginning [of Lent}. It was 
the Saturday before the first Sun- 
day in Lent. All these data, 
which are so valuable for determin- 
ing the year, have been omitted 
by the Four Masters. 

The equivalenceof Tnit (gen. initi, 
e),Initium andLent is shown in the 
following excerpts from Calendars : 

Viii. Id. [Feb.] Primus diesforsa 
m-bi prim [uathad] esc[a]i Initi 
[Feb.] 6. First day on which is the 
first [day] of the moon of Lent (L. 
B. Cat. of Oengus, p. 80). 

Ft. Id. [Feb.] Primus diesforsa 
m-bi Init [Feb.] 6. First day on 
which is Lent (z'6.) 

Ft. Id. [Feb.] Initii principium 
(Gal. appended to Bede's works). 

Vi. Id. [Feb.] Primitus incepit 
ieiunandi tempus adortum (Metrical 
Cal. Galba, Brit. Mus., Hampson : 
Med. Aevi Kal., p. 399). 

Vi. Id. [Feb.]Prima Quadra- 
gesima[e] Dominica (Cal. Vttellius, 
ib., p. 423). 

In the Calendar, the Golden 
Number XVI. stands opposite Feb. 


ccwicclcc ulcron. 

oo thncim la hUa-1Tlei 7 la f?epu pepn-mui|i. 
la rnuipcepcac hUa m-bpiami poipiinn TTlupca-oa hUi 
TTlail-8eclainn, co poaipg T>peim T>O Ui[b]-bpiuin. 
Slo^aii T>ano 8 la "Oomnall hlla Loclainn co "Guaipcepc 
Gpenn co 8liaC-n-[ph]uaic, co n-T>epna Cellac, 4 comapba 
parjpaic, pic m-bliaT>na ecep tilla m-bpiam 7 hlla 
Loclainn, co n--DecoT)U|i "CuaifcepT; n-Gpenn lajipn co 
TTlas hlla-m-bfiefail, ^?op ammuy Ula-5 bacup, 1 
CoCa, co cap-opac Ula[i]-5 na reona pallu 
Vein T>oiB. Cocpic, comapba Samcainne 5 Cluana- 
bponai, quieuic. CCe'b hlla UtiaipcT)o cecr; illongpopc 
TTlupca^a hUi TTIael-Seclainn -po -DO, | co polla 6 dp 
rpia epcaine amra pacpaic. CCp hUa-TTleic im a pig 
iT>on, ^oll baipce 7 -opein 7 T>'pepait5 pepn-mui^l DO 
cumm la hl1i-bpepail7 lahUiB-6cac. "Oomnall pua-o 
IDac ^illa-parpaic, pi Oppaii, T>O mapba-5 -DO mac- 
caeb aile ic cop cloce. "Oonnca-o hlla "Ouib-oipma 

hlla Selbai|, aipcmnec Copcai5i 8 
mopicup b .) 

}CaL 1an. tin. -p., I. tin., CCnno "Oornim 171. c. x. 
Gcci^epn hUa a pep^ail, ppiriiaclaec 1 7:0501-06, m pace 
quieuic. Silla-Coluini hlla TTIaelmuai-D, pi pep-ceall 
:. Cepnac, mac TTlic Ulca, aipcmnec Cula- 

parain, m pemcencia mopruup epc. (hllla[i]-o b TX> 
apcain TTlucnuma -oia lap b .) plann tlUa CCe-oa, comapba 
eineCCpann.mopcuupepc. IDaelpuanailhUaTTlacanen, 

3i oono, B. 4 Cea , B. 8 fcuirme, B, 6 ]xoLu, B. ~ -ofieam, A. 
8 cai-oe, A. b - b 1. ro^ tih., A, B. ; om., C. 

A.D. 1110. J loec, B. a repeated in B by mistake. ^ Lm. t. h., 
A. ; om., B, C. 

6, and Feb. 8 is the first Sunday of 
Lent, when Easter (XVI. D) falls 
on March 22 (the earliest date). 

The omission of Ash- Wednesday 
is noteworthy. 

s To attack. Literally, vpon 

4 Superiorett. Literally, *wece**or. 

8 Maledittion. According to an 
entry in the F.M., Murchad had 
pillaged Fir-Rois and killed the 
king, in violation of the Staff of 
Jesus and the successor of Patrick 
the same year. 


Dartin and the Ui-Echach were overthrown by tbe Ui- [1109] 
Meitb and by tbe Men of Fern-magb. A hosting by 
Muircertacb Ua Briain in aid of Murcbadb Ua Mael-Secb- 
lainn, so tbat be barried some of Ui-Briuin. A hosting 
also by Domnall Ua Locblainn witb tbe Nortb of Ireland 
to Sliab-[F]uait, until Cellacb, successor of Patrick, made 
peace of a year between Ua Briain and Ua Locblainn : so 
that tbe Noith.of Ireland went after tbat to tbe Plain of 
Ui-Bresail, to attack 3 tbe Ulidians wbo were in Magb- 
Cobba, until tbe Ulidians gave up to them the three 
pledges they themselves chose. Cocrich, superioress 4 [of 
tbe Community] of [St.J Samhtbainn of Cluain-Bronaigb, 
rested. Aedh Ua Ruairc went twice into the camp of 
Murcbadh Ua Mael-Sechlainn, so that he inflicted slaughter 
through the malediction 5 of the Community of Patrick. 
Slaughter of the Ui-Meith [took place] around their king, 
namely, Goll Bairche and some of the Men of Fern-Magh 
fell by the Ui-Bresail and by the Ui-Echacb. Domnall 
Mac Gilla-Patraic the Red, king of Ossorv, was killed by 

* T7 ^t 

another youth in playing a game. Donnchadh Ua Duib- 
dirma died. 

(Gilla-Patraic 6 Ua Selbaigh, herenagh of Cork, dies.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 7th feria, *7th of the moon, [1110] 
A.D. 1110. Echtigern Ua Fergbail, a very select lay- / 
brother, 1 rested in peace. Gilla-Coluitn Ua Maelmuaidh, 
king of Fir-Ceallj was strangled. Cormac, son of Mac 
Ulcha, herenagh of Cuil-rathain, died in penance. (Tbe 
Ulidians pillaged Mucnom to its centre. )Flann Ua 
Aedha, successor of [St.] Eine of Ara, died. Maelruanaigh 
Ua Machainen, king of Mughdoirn, was slain. 2 Murchadh, 

6 Gilla-Patraic, etc. Given in 
C. ; also in the Annals of Innisf alien 
(ad an. ; where he is called successor 
of Barr, that is, bishop of Cork). 

1110. l Lay-brother. See 1086, 
note 5. C. renders the word athlaech 
" old champion " ! 

2 Was slain. The Four Masters 
erroneously state that he died a 
natural death. 

3 Three. In the Chronicon Scot- 
oritm the names of only two are 


ocuncclcc ulcroli. 

A 49 

pi TTlusDopn, occipup epc. TTlupca'o, mac ^01-05 btli 
bpiain, piT>omna TTluman, mopruup epc. bebinn, m^en 
Cenneci| hUi bpiain, ben "Oomnaill btli Loclamn, pi 
CCitiS, mopruaepc. Cpec ta "Oomnall blla toelainn i 
Connaccait5, co rue mile T>O bpaic 7 ilmile T>O buai$ e 
(no d , -DO cecpaio" d ). TTlai'Dm Uoip (no e , na Hop e ) aji 
Cpuacna yiia Sit-TTIui|ie'Dai5 aji ConmaicniC, i 
uii rpi hOe [pb]ep5aite 7 maici im-oa ajicena- 
blla bjiuic, -penoifi 1aii-THuman ; ^itta-pcrcpaic 
bUa "Ouibpara, pepteiginn Citle-T)a-lua 7 fui TTluman ; 
"Pejvoomnao -oall, pefileipnn CiUe-T>ap,a, (iT)on f , rut 
c[iump,ecca f ) [mopcui func]. Cettac, 
cecna cup, poji cuaip.c TDi-oe, co cue a 

(TTlai'Dm 8 pia ConmaicmB ipon,8il-TTluip.eT)ai5, 1-oon, 

}CaL 1an. i. p, I- . tim-. CCnno "Oomini TT1. c. x. i. 
T)oinenn -oefimaip p.eoi"D 7 fneccai, co fiolai dp, cenncai 
7 alcai. Capupac bUa Lea-oai T>O Sbama-o parpaic, 
uapal penoiffepenn,m pace quieuir. tugmas DO lopca-5. 
popc-laip^r 7)0 topcai). Ceanannup T>O topca^. 
Slosai) la bllllcu co Tealac-n-oc, eo pocepcpac a bile-oa. 
Cpec la Mi all bUa toclainn, co cue mile (no* cpi mile 3 ) 
DO buait5 1 n-a n-Tosail. "Cene T)! 1 aic 1 T>O lopca > 5"Ouin- 
"oa-ler^lap, ecep Rair 7 Dpian. Senai) T)O cinol i pa-5- 
mic-CCengupa la maiciB Gpenn im Cbellac, comapba 
pacpaic 7 im TTlael-TTluipe hlla n-"0una[i]n, im 

A.D. 1110. c cecfiaiK cattle, B. *-<* itL, t.h., A., om., B. C. 
gives text and gloss "of cowes and chattle." ** itL, t.h., A.; om., 
B, C. f ' f itl., t.h., A ; i-oon, pui pjunci ^vecca namely, very distinguished 
mister of law, B ; followed by C; "Chief lerned in lawe." 
A ; om., B. Given in C. 

A.D. 1111. ^Txnct (=T>I aicc), B. * coecaic, A; .L.aic, B, 
[am], A. The omission of the bracketted portion was, no doubt, a mis- 

4 Senior. See A.D. 1088, note 3 - 8 . 

8 Harping. The F.M. improve 
upon B and read tru'Uhe rechta. But 
the unaspirated t of their original 

shows that truiti rechta arose from 
misreading cruitirechtm. 

8 Defeat. Given in C. ; also in 
the Annals of Boyle, 



son of Tadhg Fa Briain, royal heir of Munster, died. [inoj 
Bebinn, daughter of Cennetigh TJa Briain, wife of Domnall 
Ua Lochlainn, king of Ailech, died. A. foray by Domnall 
Fa Lochlainn into Connacht, so that he took away a 
thousand captives and many thousands of cows (or of 
cattle). The defeat of Eos (or of the Rossa) in front of 
Cruachan [was inflicted] by the Sil-Muiredhaigh on the 
Conmaicni, .wherein fell three 3 Fi [Fjergaile and many 
nobles besides. Bran Fa Bruic, senior 4 of West Munster ; 
Gilla-Patraic Fa Duibratha, lector of Cell-da-lua and doctor 
of Munster; Ferdomnach the Blind, lector of Cell-dara 
(namely, a master of harping 5 ), died. Cellach, successor 
of Patrick, [went] the first time upon circuit of Meath, so 
that he took away his demand. 

(Defeat 6 [waa inflicted] by the Conmaicni upon the Sil- 
Muiredaig, namely, the Defeat of Magh-Brengair.) 

Kalends of Jan, on 1st feria, 18th of the moon, A.D. [mi] 
1111. Yery great bad weather of frost and snow, so that 
it caused destruction of tame and wild animals. Cathusach 
Fa Leadai of the Community of Patrick, eminent senior 1 
of Ireland, rested in peace. Lugmagh was burned. 
Port-lairgi was burned. Cenannus was-burned. Ahosting 
by the Flidians to Telach-oc, so that they uprooted its ' 
trees. 2 A foray [was made] by Niall Fa Lochlainn, so 
that he took away a thousand (or three thousand) cows, in n^, 
revenge thereof. Fire of lightning burned Dun-da- 
lethglas, both Close and Third. 3 A Synod was assembled 
at Fiadh-Mic-Oenghusa 4 by the nobles of Ireland around 
Cellach, successor of Patrick and around Mael-Muire Fa 

1111. 1 Senior. See note 4 of 
preceding year. C. took samadh 
(community) to signify "reliques." 

2 Trees. See A.D. 1099, note 3 . 

3 Close and Third. From this 
it may be inferred that Down- 

patrick was built on the plan of 

4 Fiadh-Mic-Oenghusa. The wood 
of the son of Oengus. See Lanigan, 
iv. 3 7, and O'Donovan's note, Four 
Masters, ii. 991-2. 

mificrlcc ulccDti. 




hu opal-pen 01 p, Gpenn, co coicaic 8 n-eppcop, uel patilo 
pluf, co cpi ceraio" pacapc 7 co cpi mib 15 mac n-ecalpa, 
im TTluipcepcac, im hUa bpiain (flluipcepcac* mop. O 
bpiam b ), co main 8 Lere Tnoa, im ep,ail nia^la 7 
fobefa | pop cac, eren. cuaic 7 eclaif. "Oonnca-5 
blla hCCnluam, pi hUa-lliallam, 8 -DO mapba^ -010 
bpaicpiB 1 meBaiL Ma bpaicip hipin pein T>O'5 
DO UiB-Miallam 8 i n-a -oi^ail pia cenn -picec ai-bce. 
Comfal icep "Oomnall blla Loclamn 7 "Oonnca-D htla 
n-Goca^a econ Cuan, co n-T)ep.nfac lanfic 7 co 
cap-ofar: Ula[i}5 ecepe^a a piapa -pem T>O "Oomnall 
lill a Loclamn. 

1an. 11. p., U xx. ix., CCnno "Domini TT1. c. x. n. 
Raic CCn,T)a-1Tlaca co n-a rempull -DO topca-oi 3 n-T>ecim 
]Callann a CCp|iil7 -oa n 161 ^ ^P 1T1 TTlafpain 1 7 in cpef 
fneic T>O "Cfiiun mon. Con^alac, mac TTlic Concaille, 
aipcinnec "Oai|ie, ifin cecpama p D c bba-oain nocar; 
aecacif f u[a]e, m penicencia 2 optima quieuic. Cfiec la 
"Domnall hUa Loclainn rappme-n-^all, corucbofioma 
mofi 7 bnaira inroa. ^ofimta-o, mgen TTluiica-Da TTlic 
, 1-oon, comapba bpir:e, m bona penicencia 

]Cat. 1an. 1111. p., Lx., (Cnno "Domini TTl. c. cc. 111. 
Connta hlla plain n, coma]iba TDolaife Ler^linne, 
quietnc. Caefi-ceine-o *DO thaccain ai-oce peili 1 Pacp,aic 
pon. Cfiuacan-CCi^le, co |iomill rnicic* Wn-o oep 

take. aaitL, t.h., A, B. Adopted into text, C. >- b r.m.,, A; 
om., B, C. <=xx., A, B. 

A-D. 1112. ' TTIa|xin, A. "pemcencicr, A. * in .1. kU, A, B. b om., 
B. ' ini.maf bliaf>ain ic., A, B. 

A.D. 1113. ^eiUA. a xxx.,A, B. 

1112. 1 Great Third. The Saxon 
Third was uninjured. 

2 Successor of [St.] Br'igit. That 
is, abbess of Kildare. 

1113. I 0f the fatting folk. 
O'Conor reads don dot* troscthi-de 

tnguriit jejunantium. But oes with 
the genitive is a living idiom, 
denoting a class, or description of 
persons. According to the Tripar- 
tite Life (Part II.) and the Book of 
Armagh (fol. 13 c, d), St. Patrick 



Dunain, eminent senior of Ireland, with 50 bishops, or a 
little more, together with 300 priests and with 3000 
ecclesiastics, around Muircertach Ua Briain (Muircertach 
O'Briain the Great), together with the nobles of the Half : 
of Mogh, to enjoin rule and good conduct upon every one, 
both laic and cleric. Donnchadh Ua Anluain, king of Ui- 
Niallain, was killed by his kinsmen in treachery. These 
same kinsmen were killed by the Ui-Niallain in revenge 
thereof, before tne end of twenty nights. A meeting [took 
place] between Domnall Ua Lochlainn and Donnchadh Ua 
Ua Eochadha at the Cuan, so they made plenary peace and 
the Ulidians gave hostages of his own choice to Domnall 
Ua Lochlainn. 

Kalends of Jan. on 2nd feria, 29th of the moon, A.D. [iii2Bis.] 

1112. The Close of Ard-Macha, with its church, was 
burned on the 10th of the Kalends of April [March 23] 
and two streets of Hassan-Third and the third street of the 
Great Third. 1 Congalach, son of Mac Conchaille, herenagh 
of Daire, rested in most excellent penance, in the 94th year 
of his age. A foray by Domnall Ua Lochlainn over Fine- 
Gall, so that he took away great cattle-spoil and many 
captives. Gormlaith, daughter of Murchadh Mac Diar- 
mata, namely, successor of [St.] Brigit, 2 died in good 

Kalends of Jan. on 4th feria, 10th of the moon, A.D. [1113J 

1113. Connla Ua Flainn, successor of [St.] Molaise of 
Leithglenn, rested. A thunderbolt come on [Monday, 
March 17] the night of the feast of Patrick upon Cruachan- 
Aighle, so that it destroyed thirty of the fasting folk 1 . 

fasted during a Lent on Uruachan- 
Aighle (Croagh-Patrick, co. Mayo). 
The observance of the fast by 
pilgrims, it appears from the present 
entry, had become customary there 
at this time. 

2 The [two Saints] Ui Suanaigh. 
There were two grandsons of Sua- 

nach, who were likewise abbots 
of Rahen, King's Co., Fidmuine, 
whose obit is given supra, A.D. 756 
(=To7) and who is commemorated 
in the Calendar of Oengus at May 
16 and Fidairle (not given in the 
Calendar) , whose festival was Oct. 1 . 
3 Steward. Of the Armagh, 


ccmicclcc ulcroti. 

A 49c 


rpoipc[c]i. "Oiapmaic hlla Cetlaig, | comapba hU[a] 
Suanais; "Oiapmait b tiUa Lonj;a[i]n, mgep TTItimcm, i 
n-ai-oci peilep<TDpai5 b ; TTlael-Seaclainn hUaConcobaip, 
pi Copcompuac; Pn7>caipehllaloin5pi5,pi "Oail-CCpaiT>e, 
m penicenaa mopctn punc. ptannacan b , mac TTlael- 
1l>u, u-n1up ublxro CCipo-TTlaca, lap n-a ongaT) 7 lap 
n-aipi5e 0501-06, m pace obnc. b "Oonncao hlla "Caip- 
ceiyic 7>o mapba^ la Niall hlla Loclainn, la f^ 
Cenni[i]l-Conaill. "Oomnall, mac "Oonncff5a hui e 
^illai-parpaic, -DO mafiba-5 T>O ^ull ^abpain. Sloga-D 
la "Oomnall hUa loclainn co Ceneol- 60501 n 7 Conaill 
7 CCipsiallii 2 (co ^Ienn-Ri53 d ), co fioirmafibracafi 
^onnca-o a jii^e lllat* 7 co pofiannfar; Ullcu ecef\ btla 
TTlar^amna 7 macu "OuinnfleiBe. "Oal-n-CCpan>e 
imofipo 6 7 blli-6acac aice pem. Slo^a^ la TTlui|i- 
cepcac Mia m-bfiiain co pepaiC TTluman 7 co tai^niS 
7 Connaccai^ co Tnag-CoBa, i poifiirin "Oonnca'ba. 
81050*0 "oano la "Domnall | bUa Loclainn cup na 
co TTla5-Cot5a beup, 1 -poipiuin Ula-5, 

co paiBe imepe 3 cara ereppu, co ponecappcap Cellac, 
comapba parpaic, po^ne pir[a]. T)onnca^ imoppo blJa 
6oca^a "oo Ttalla-o la hGocaiT) hlla TTla^amna 7 la 
hllllru. 8lo5or> la TTluipceprac hlla m-bpiain 7 la 
\^}-c TTlo5a, ereploec 7 cleipiuc, co penoic. "Oomnall, 
imoppo, mac TDic Loclamn, co mairiC Tuaipce[i]pc epenn 
co Cluam-cain pep-poip, co m-baDap ppi pe mip cm-o 
com op, co n-T>epnai Ceallac, comapba pacpaic 7 bacall 
1pu beop pic m-blia*ona ecappu. Scamneop cpo^a ecep 

2 j^all, A. * imeif i, A. b b om., B. ; given in C. c mic of the 
ton, B. C. agrees with A. d d itl., t.l., A, B. e om., A. 

or primatial, cess (1106, sitpra). In 
explanation of the term, it is to be 
noted that in the Annalt of Innis- 
fallen (ad an.) O'Longan is called 
superior (comarba) of Ard-Patrick 
(co. Limerick). This church is men- 
tioned in the Tripartite as founded 

by St. Patrick. In the Chronicon 
Seotorvm he is called herenagh of 
Ard-Patrick. It ia added that he 
was killed by lightning on Croagh- 
Patrick, a statement that hardly 
agrees with the quierit in Chritto of 
the provincial Chronicle. 


Diarmait Ua Cellaigh, successor of the [two Saints] TJi L 1113 ] 
Suanaigh 2 ; Diarmait Ua Longain, steward 3 of Munster, on 
the night of the feast of Patrick ; Mael-Sechlainn Ua Con- 
chobair, king of Corcomruadh ; Findchaise Ua Loingsigh, 
king of Dal-Araidhe, died in penance. Flannacan, son 
of Mael-Isu, one eligible to be abbot 4 of Ard-Macha, after 
his being anointed and after select penance, died in peace. 
Donnchadh Ua Taircheirt was killed by NiallUa Lochlainn, 
[namely] by the king of Cenel-Conaill. Domnall, son of 
Donnchadh grandson of Gilla-Patraic [king of Ossory], 
was killed by [his brother] Goll Gabrain. A hosting 
by Domnall Ua Lochlainn together with the Cenel- 
Eogain and [Cenel-]Cona[i]ll and the Airgialla (to 
Glenn-Righe), so that they expelled Donnchadh from the 
kingship of Ulidia and divided Ulidia between Ua Math- 
gamna and the sons of Donnsleibhe [Ua Eochadha]. Dal- 
Araidhe, however, and Ui-Echach [were reserved] to him- 
self. A hosting by Muircertach Ua Briain with the men of 
Munster and with the Leinstermen and Connacht to Magh- 
Cobha, in aid of Donnchadh. A hosting also by Domnall 

Ua Lochlainn with the hosts aforesaid to Magh-Cobha too, 

in aid of the Ulidians : so that there was imminence of battle 

between them, until Ceallach, successor of Patrick, separ- 
ated them under guise of peace. Nevertheless, Donnchadh 
Ua Eochadha was blinded 5 by Eochaidh Ua Mathgamna 
and by the Ulidians. A hosting by Muircertach Ua 
Briain and by the Half of Mogh, both laic and cleric, to 
Grenoc. But Domnall, son of Mac Lochlainn, [came] 
with the nobles of the North of Ireland to Cluain-cain of 
Fir-Rois, so that they were for the space of a month facing 
each other, until Ceallach, successor of Patrick and the 
Staff of Jesus also made peace of a year between them. 
A courageous skirmish [was fought] between the men of 

^Eligible to be abbot. Literally, I (See 1108, note 5.) Flannacan 
material of an abbot, mater ies abbatis. ' was uncle of Cellach. It was 



ccwicclcc ulcroti. 

Pefwi-nufip proem 1 roficjioriafi 7>a pi-oomna 
uisi, i-oon, hlla Cnica[i]n 7 hlla T)onnaca[i]n. 

]CaL 1an. u. -p., u xx. i., CCnno "Domini TT1. c x. 1111. 
picmn, mac TTlic* [ph]lannca < 6a,comafiba TTlolaip "Ocnm- 
innfi; TTlael-Coluim hlla Copmaca[i]n, comafiba 6irme 
CCfiann ; "Oiajimaic hUa plamncua, comajiba CCilbe 
huapal-epfcop j pefiteipm) 1 , epneT)ac f eoic 
-oeifice; peyi-oomnac hlJa Clucam, com- 
afiba Cenannfa, m pace qmeuepunc. "Cei^m galaifi 
moiji T)O |abail 1Tlui|\ce|iT:ai5 hlli bfiiam, |ii^ 6|ienn, co 
n-T>ej\nai girpabiiacrai 2 r>e 7 co fiopcafi pjii a t^ie. 
"Oiafimaic imofifio-oofabaitfu^i TTluman i n-apiff5nuife, 
cen cecti5ir&. 8lua5aT>laT)omnalt hlla Loclainn coRaic- 
Cennai^, co cdims Gocai-o hlla Tnarjamna co n-UllraiC 
1 n-acec7 "Donnca-5 hUa loin^fis co n-'Oal-CCfiai'&e 7 
CCe-5 hUa Ruaiyic co pej\ait5 b|ieipne 7 TTlufica-5 hUa 
TTlael-Seclamn co pepaiC tniTie. "Oollogan. ia|t pn, 
oiblmaiC, oaji CCc-luam co "Dun-Leo-oa, co rdims 'Caipjx- 
oelbac hUa Concobaifi co Cormacrait!> 7 Niall hUa 
Loclamn, a b mac poDem b , co Cenel-Conaill i 3 n-a 
T)ocora|i immufifio tnle iap fin co 'Celais-hUa-n- 
1 n-T)ail-Caif, co n-T>e|infaT:afi opfa^ m-bliarma 7 
Tfluman. "Oo^eocai-o T>ono "Oomnall hlla Loctainn ap, 
pur Connacr; -oia 7^5. CCei>, mac "Oonnca5a hUi Soca^a, 
fiiT>omna Ula5; "Oonnca-5 hUa toin^fi^, fii *Oail- 

A.D. 1114. 1 peivleiginn, A. 2 anpabp.acca(T)C om.), B. '-'inn-a 
aep.icc,A. * ejaig, B. a om., B ; given in C. ^i-oon, mac"DomnaiU 
in namely, the son of Domnall himself, itl., t.h.. B. C. agrees with A. 

ing, when he had reigned three 

1114. 1 FerdomnachUa Clucaain. 
He is called successor (comarba) 
of Colum-cille in the third charter 
of the Book of Kells, in which he 
appears amongst the guarantors. 
See Reeves' Adamnan, p. 402. 

J A skekton. For co n-dernai anfh- 

owing perhaps to old age that he 
had been passed over in favour of 
his nephew. 

8 Blinded. Thereby he became 
incapacitated to reign. Accord- 
ingly, in the regnal List (L. L. 
p. 41d), his successors, Aed and 
Eochaid (sons of Donnsleible) are 
set down after mention of his blind- 



Fern-magh themselves, wherein fell two royal heirs of [1113] 
Fern-magh, namely, Ua Cricain and Ua Donnacain. 

Kalends of Jan. on 5th feria, 21st of the moon, A.D. 
1114. Flann, son of Mac Flannchadha, successor of [St.] 
Molaise of Daim-inis ; Mael-Coluim Ua Cormacain, 
successor of [Si.] Eine of Ara; Diarmait Ua Flannchua, 
successor of [St.] Ailbe of Imlech-ibhair, archbishop and 
lector, bestower of treasure and of food, of hospitality and 
of charity ; Ferdomnach Ua Clucain, 1 successor [of St. 
Oolumba in the monastery] of Cenannus, rested in peace. 
A fit of heavy illness seized Muircertach Ua Briain, king 
of Ireland, so that he became a skeleton 2 and parted with 
his kingship. But Diarmait took the kingship of Munster 
Jn_hispresence, without permission. A hosting by Domnall 
Ua Loclilainn to Rath-Cennaigh, so that there came into 
his house Eochaidh Ua Mathgamna with the Ulidians and 
Donnchadh Ua Loingsigh with the Dal-Araidhe and Aedh 
Ua Ruairc with the men of Breifne and-Murchadh Ua 
Mael-Sechlainn with the men of Meath. They went 
after that, both [hosts], past Ath-Luain to Dun-Leodba, 
so that Tairrdelbach Ua Concobhair with the Connaeht- 
men and Niall Ua Lochlainn, his own son, with the Cenel 
Conaill, came into his assembly. They all moreover went 
after that to Telach-Ua-Dedhaigh in Dal-Cais, so that 
they and the men of Munster made a truce of a year- 
Thereupon Domnall Ua Lochlainn went throughout 
Connacht to his house. Aedh, 3 son of Donnchadh 4 Ua 
Eochadha, royal heir of Ulidia ; Donnchadh Ua Loingsigh, 
king of Dal-Araidhe ; Ua Canannain (namely, Ruaidhri), 

abracJtta, O'Conor (by overlooking 
the contraction-marks, and mis- 
reading and dividing the last word) 
has condna an Wiabrasa ita ut sur- 
desceret ! But 0' Donovan, who 
was not bothered by the term, aptly 
quotes (F. M., ii. 997-8) from 

Cormac's Glossary to prove that anfa- 
brachtai meant a person wasted by 

3 Aedh, etc. Of the four mention- 
ed in this entry, the Four Masters 
state that all but Ua Canannain 
died natural deaths. 

a 2 




B48b CCpavfce; hUa Cananna[i]n (iTX>n, c Huai-6pi c ), pit>om|na 
Ceniuil-Concntl (o d Cenel-6oj;ain d ) ; TTIuipcepsac hUa 
Loclainn, piT>omna CCilij, imupce inceppeco punc. 

|CaL 1an. ui. p., 1. 11., CCnno "Domini 171. c. x. u. 
*Oomenn "oepmaip fieoi'b 7 pneerafi] oV coicn> t>ec 
jCalann Gnaip* co coici7> b 7>ec ]Catann TTlapcai, b uel 
pauloplup, copola 1 dp en 7 cequn 7 mcme: t>ia 2 popapp 
cepcai mop po 6fiinn uite 7 ilLaiginiB feoc cac. Diaji- 
Tncnc hUa Opicnn, pi TTluman, T>O epgabaiL ta TTluip- 
cepcac hUa m-bpiam. 6pce T>O rabaipc 22.macaiB mic 
CCe^a, mic RuaiT>pi,^rn "Chaipp-oelbac hlla Concobaip, im 
pi Connacc (iT)on, 1 n-CCc-bo ). co poloirper 7 cop'[b]o s 
q-.' ill 31 -n<'. II lui nn i I'M 11 -"("( ,11111' ill 1il1<i m-OplODfl7flia 
^allaiB CCca-cliac pop Laigrnt), i copcaip "Oonnccrb, hua 
A 49dendi fnait-na-mbo, pi hlla-Cemnpelai | 7 Concobup hlla 
Concobuip, pi htla-pailp, co n-a macaiC 7 pocai-oi 
apcena. "Oomnall, mac "Cai-Dg hUi bpiain, pi-oomna 
TTluman, T>O mapba^ *oo ConnaccaiB. TTluipceprac hUa 
bpiain -DO abail a pigi -oopi[]ipi 7 T>O riaccain, pluaije-o, 
itLaimt> 7 1 m-bpe^aiC. "Dainliacc CCpDa-bpeca[i]n, co 
n-a Ian *oo 7)Oinit5, T>O topca-D T>O pepait5 v TTluman 7 cealta 
im'ba apcena 1 pepai!5-bpea. Cpeac mop ta "Caipp-oeal- 
bac hUa Concobuip 7 la ConnaccaiC, co poaip^pec co 
IxUimnnec (iT>on, d < Cuox-TT)uma[n] d ), co pucpac boppoma 
Tuaipmi-oe 7 bpaic inroa. TDael-SecLainn hlla TDaet- 
Seclamn, pi7>omna "Cempac, occipup epc. 

c- id., t.h., A, B ; given in C. A ~ d id., t.h., B ; om., A, C. 

A.D. 1115. * jvot/ac, A. The c is meaningless. 3 j and, prefixed, B. 
'gufv'bo, B. o'n .tJ.i-D -oec KL. &naip. A; o jco. KL lanaip, B. 
>>- b ti.iT).x.M.marica, A; .xu. Kle-TTlaficai, B. "id, th., A. ; om, 
B.,; given in C. 

[Chasm in A up to A.D. 1162.] 

*o itl., th., MS. (B) ; given in C. 

4 Donnchadh. He was deposed 
and blinded in the proceeding year. 

4 Were unjuttly slain. The phraso f 
as here given, is applied to on 
of the individuals in die Annul* 
of Loch Ce(ndan.). 

1115. 1 Dangerout illness Li. 
terally, gory lying-down. 

2 Murtagh, etc ; Mahon, etc.; Mur- 
tagh^ete.; Afaolmai,etc. Given in C. 
The entries here and elsewhere 
found in C. and omitted in B may 



royal heir of Cenel-Conaill (by the Cenel-Eogain) ; Muir- 
certach Ua Lochlainn royal heir of Ailech, were unjustly 
slain. 4 

Kalends of Jan. on 6th feria, 2nd of the moon, A.D. 
1115. Very hard weather of frost and snow from the 
15th of the Kalends of January [Dec. 18] to the 15th of 
the Kalends of March [Feb. 15], or a little longer ; so 
that it caused destruction of birds and cattle and people : 
whereof grew great dearth throughout all Ireland and in 
Leinster beyond every [place]. Diarmait Ua Briain, king 
of Munster, was taken prisoner by Muircertach Ua Briain. 
An attack was made by the sons of Aedh, son of 
Ruaidhri, upon Tairrdelbach Ua Conchobair, [that is,] 
upon the king of Connacht (namely, in Ath-bo), so that 
they injured him and dangerous illness 1 resulted to him. 
A defeat [was inflicted] by Domnall Ua Briain and by 
the Foreigners of Ath-cliath upon the Leinstermen, 
wherein fell Donnchadh, grandson of Mail-na-mbo, king 
of Ui-Ceinnselaigh .and Conchobur Ua Conchobuir, king 
of Ui-Failghi, with their sons and a multitude besides 
("and Murtagh 2 O'Teg, king of Ferlii, [was] killed"). 
Domnall, son of Tadhg Ua Briain, royal heir of Munster, 
was killed by the Connachtmen. ("Mahon 2 Mac Maoilmaii, 
King of O'Neachaii in Munster; Maoilsechlain O'Fogartai, 
king of Eli [died]." )Muircertach Ua Briain took his king- 
ship again 3 and went on a hosting into Leinster and into 
Bregha. ("Murtagh 2 O'Ciarmaic, king of O'Hane ; O'Conor 
Kyerry ; Donell [Mac?] MurchaO'Flainn; MacFlanchaa, 
king of Muskrai, all killed." )The stone church of Ard- 
Brecain, with its complement of people, was burned by 
the Men of Munster and many churches besides in Fir- 
Bregh. Great foray 4 by Tairrdelbach Ua Conchobuir and 

have been contained in A. (See nicle of Momonian affairs, of which 

textual note a, 1117 infra.) Most nothing is known at present, 
of them relate to Munster, and of 

these the Annals of Innisf all en pass 9 Took his kingdom again. See 

over the greater part. It thus ^ e 8econ( i entry under the pre- 

follows that there existed a chor- ceeding year. 





[b, r . 

leal. 1an. un. p., 1. ac 111., CCnno "Domini TT1. c. x. m. 
Ceatluc, coma|iba parpaic, pop. cuaific Connacc t>o'nT> 
ayia cup, co cue a lancuaipc. CeaU--Da-lua co n-a 
cempoll 7>o topca-fc. Copcac mop ffluman; j 1mlec- 
iBaip; "Oaiprec TTlaet-1pu th bpolca[i]n ; j blo-5 "DO 
bpmop; CCccro-mbo Camms ; Cluain-lpaip-o cpemarae 
punr 1 . "Cec n-abbaf> moji CCii-oa-TTlacajCO picic b cai5i[C] 
ime, T>O toycai) 1 u>puc Co|iaif na bticr&na fa. 
TTla^na pe^lenna -pannf a-ohuc a|iTec | ilLeic TTlola, 
ecefi Lai^nicu ~j TDunnriecu, co popafai^ ceatta j 7>ume 
-j mcrca j co iweffln^cti-b 1 po Gfiinn 7 T)a|i muifi 7 co 
X fw>la dfi iivna mere macraca. La'bmunn, mac "Oomnaitl, 
hua fug CClban, T>O mapba-o -DO pe]iait5 TTlo|iiab. Dep- 
bail, mgen 'Coififi-Delbaig hUi bfiiain, mopcua efr. 

ICaL 1an. 11. -p., U, xx. 1111., CCnno "Oomim TTl. c. x. un. 
Concobu]i hlla Caipilla[i]n TO maftbat) DopefiaiB-TTIanac. 
hUa Cnaill, uapal-eppcop Connacc, m 
iimiuir;.* TlDael-0|iice 1Tlac Rona[i]n, 
comayiba Cenannpa, ~j an. mumncifii Cenannfa mie, -DO 
mafibaf> T)o CCei blla Ruainc 7 *DO Ui[G]-0]iiuin 1 n-CCme 

A.D. 1116. : |xaij, MS. a - a cTxeTnaca e^c, MS. b xx.ic, MS. 
A.D. 1117. a T>oiimie|xunc, MS.; in Ctifupco oofimieTuinc, C. : 
which proves that the " Owen " and "Conor " items were contained in A. 

* Fvray. Made when O'Brien 
was ahsent in Leinster. 

1116. 1 Huyh, etc.; Congalach, etc. 
Given in C. 

1 The Oratory, etc.O Donovan 
(F. M. ii., p. 1002) says it was at 
Lismore. Dr. Reeves (Adamnan, p 
406), with more caution, says it was 
seemingly there. According to the 
Annals of limitf alien, Ua Brolchain 
died at Lismore. But, it is safe to infer 
that he retired to that establishment to 
prepare for his end; whilst the pre- 
sent entry cannot be construed to 
signify that he erected any building 
in Lismore. The oratory, it is 
most probable, was in Armagh ; 

Mael-Isu having belonged to that 

3 Litalgy. Lit aigedhfort of the 
guests, i. e., guest-house. " Gil- 
kyaran" (devotee of [St.} Ciaran) 
shows that it belonged to Clonmac- 
noise. A similar establishment ex- 
isted in Armagh (1003 = 4, 1016 

* Roavtai. Ruadh beith Red 
birch.*' O'Donovan (F. M., ii. 1003) 
strangely took rolddh a n-dr of 
his text to signify that O'Brien 
slaughtered the inhabitants of Roeve* 
hagh(co. Gal way). The expression - 
means that the Thomond invading : 
forces were annihilated. 


by the Connachtmen, so that they harried as far as [1115] 
Limerick (namely, Thomond), until they took away 
cattle-spoil innumerable and captives many. ("Maolmai 2 
O'Ciardai, kingof Carbrei [was slain]." )Mael-Sechlainn 
Ua Mael-Sechlainn, royal heir of Tara, was slain. 

Kalends of Jan. on 7th feria, 13th of the moon, A.U. [1116 Bis.] 

1116. Ceallach, successor of Patrick, [went] upon circuit 
of Connacht for the second turn, so that he took away his 
full circuit [demand]. ("Hugh 1 O'Kinelvan, king of 
Laoire ; Echry Lochan, King of Mallon ?, died." )Ceall 
da-lua with its church was burned. Great Cork of 
Munster ; and Imlech-ibhair ; the Oratory 2 of Mael-Isu 
Ua Brolchain ; and part of Liamor ; Achadh-bo of [St.] 
Cainnech; [and] Cluain-iraird were burned. The great 
house of the abbots of Ard-Macha with twenty houses 
around it was burned in the beginning of the Lent of this 
year. Great famine-pestilence still rages in the Half of 
Mogh, amongst both Leinstermen and Munstermen ; so 
that it desolated churches and forts and districts and 
spread throughout Ireland and over sea and caused destruc- 
tion to an rinjconceivable degree. Ladhmunn, son of X 
Domnall, grandson of ^Donnchadh] the king of Scotland, 
was killed by the men of Moray. Derbail, daughter of 
Toirrdelbach Ua Briain, died, 

(" Congalach 1 Mac Gilkyaran, airchinnech of Lisaigy, 3 in 
bona penitentia quievit. The slaughter of Roaveai 4 upon ti C 5 //t^ 
Diermad 'Bryan.") 

Kalends of Jan. on 2nd feria, 24th of the moon, A.D. 

1117. Conchobur Ua Cairillain was killed by the Fir- 
Manach. ("Diermatt 1 Mac Enna, kingof Leinster, died in 
Dublin. Owen Mac Echtiern, Coarb of [St.] Buti ; Conor 
O'Follovan, Coarb of Clon-Iraird ;") Cathusach Ua Cnaill, 
archbishop of Connacht, slept in Christ. Mael-Brighte 

1117. l Diermatt, etc. Given in C. 
The first item is found in the Annals 
of Boyle, where, for died in Dublin, 
the reading is : and of Ath-claith, 

died (ad an.'). The F. M. have the 
two other entries; taken, apparently, 
from A. 

ccwicclcc ulccoti. 

"Oomnai Cfiuim-"Ouba[i]n. paciep "Domini ftipep. 
paciencef haec b fcelepa, uc pefiDac T>e ceyifia memofiiam 
eofium [Cf. Ps. xxxiii 17]. Car (n>on c , Car leca[i]n c ) 
oo -Denarii r>o bfiian, mac fflunxxroa 7-00 macaiC mic 
Cacail hUi Concobaifi co Connacraib impu pfii Txnjifi- 
beatbac, mac n-T)ian.mar;a 7 pf "Oat-Caif, co n.emai-6 
pop, "Oal-Caif 7 co fiolar> a n-dp- CCp. CeniuiL-n -60501 n 
na hlnnpi T>O cop. la Cenel-Conaill 7 main im-oai -DO 
ruinm ann. Cacu]xtc hUa Cnaaill, uafal-eppcop Con- 
nacc ; ptarm liUa Sculu, eppcop Cormefie ; TTlaet-TTlui|ie, 
epfcop"Ouin-T)a-lec5taf ; ^lU-a-TTlocua TTIac Camcuajica, 
ep^cop "Daimbacc; Ceallac hUa Colma[i]n, epfcop 
Pejina; CCnmca-o htla CCnmcafa, eppcop CCp-oa-pefira 
bfienaiiTo ; 1TluiiieTac hUa hBnlamge, epfcop Cluana- 
perica bfienain-o ; TTlael|iuanai5 d blla Ciptica[i]n, com- 
apba pobaip PTII fie ciana, omnep m CbinfT^-oofimiefiunc 
TTlael-TTIui]ie hUa T)una[i]n, fui epfcoip 5 1 ^ e ^- 7 
cenn n-Gpenn 7 muirie -oefice m -oomam, m 
fepruagepmo fepnmo anno aecacif fuae, m nono* 
anuafin, pelegionif f uae magnae opnmum 
]CaL 1an. 111. p., L u., CCnno "Domini 171. c. x. uin. 

A.D. 1117. b om., MS. ; given in C. ^itL, t.h., MS. ; given in C. 
d Owing to a stain, it is impossible to discern the mark of contraction = 
015 ; but the reading here given is certain from C. e ~ f nonip KUxuix>ir, 
MS. ; iV<m. Kal., C. 

1 Mael-Brighte Mac Ronain. See 
Reeves' Adamnan, p. 403. 

* Friday. For Aine the F. M. read 
aidhche (night). The Sunday of 
Crom Duban was the last of Summer, 
according to O'Flaherty, who adds 
that it was BO called to commemo- 
rate the destruction of the idol 
Cenn- (Crom-) cruaich by St.Patrick 
as narrated in the Second Part of the 
Tripartite. In hujus vero mem- 
orabilia idoloraachiae memoriam 
arbitrorDominicamproziraam ante 
Kal. Aug. solenni ritu per Hiber- 
niam dedicatani, quam vulgo Dum- 

nach Cromduibh, i. e., Dominicam 
Crom Nigri nuncupant; nigri sc. 
ob horrendum et deformem visibilia 
spectri speciem : alii rectius in 
victoria gratiam Dominicam S. 
Patricii nominant (Oyygia, Pars 
III., c. uij. p. lt'8-9). 

But for all this he gives no autho- 
rity. " Colgan (Tr. Th. p. 508), in 
translating the text of the Foot 
Masters, fell in to a ludicrous error by 
making that day the festival of St, 
Cromdubh. But there was no such 
saint ' (Lanigan, E. H, iv. 56). 



Mac Ronain, 2 superior of Cenannus and slaughter of the 
Community of Cenannus [took place] along with him 
was killed by Aedh Ua Ruairc and by the Ui-Briuin on 
the Friday 3 before the Sunday of Crom-duban. The 
countenance 4 of the Lord is against those who do these 
evil things, to cut off the remembrance of them from the 
earth [Of. Ps. xxxiii. 17]. A battle (namely, the battle 
of Lecan) was fought by Brian, son of Murchadh and by 
the grandsons of Cathal Ua Conchobair and the Connacht- 
men along with them against Tairrdelbach, son of Diarmait 
and against the Dal-Cais, so that defeat was inflicted upon 
the Dal^Cais an d slaughter of them ensued. Slaughter of tb e 
Cenel-Eogain of the Island was inflicted by the Cenel- Con aill 
and many nobles fell there. Cathusach 5 Ua Cnaill, arch- 
bishop of Connacht ; Flann Ua Sculu, bishop of Connere ; 
Mael-Muire, bishop of Dun-da-lethglas ; Gilla-Mochua 
Mac Camchuarta, bishop of Daimliacc ; Ceallach Ua Col^ 
main, bishop of Ferna ; Anmchadh Ua Anmchadha, bishop 
of Ard-ferta of [St.] Brenann ; Muiredhach Ua hEnlainge, 
bishop of Cluain-ferta of [St.] Brenann ; Maelruanaigh Ua 
Ciflichain, successor [of St. Fechin] of Fobar for a long 
time, all slept in Christ. Mael-Muire Ua Dunain, learned 
bishop of the Goidhil and head of the clergy of Ireland 
^ and steward of the almsdeeds of the world, consummated 
the most excellent course of his great religious life in the 
77th year of his age, on the 9th of the Kalends of January 
[Dec. 24]. 

("Mael-Muire 6 O'Dunan, archbishop of Munster, 
quievit. The battle of Lettracs [Lettracha-Odhrain].") 

Kalends of Jan. on 3rd feria, 5th of the moon, A.D. 1118. [1118] 

4 The countenance, etc The Vul- 
gate is : Vultus autem Domini super 
facientes mala, ut perdal de terra 
memoriam e jrum. 

6 Cathusach A repetition of an 

obit in the second entry under this 

6 Mael-Muire, etc. Given in C. 
Taken, doubtless, from the Annals of 


cctiNcclcc ulcroti. 

B 48d 

taiDgnen hlla ThnbDapa, pi pep-TYlanac, T>O mapba-6 
-DO tlif>-pi|acpac 7 D'pepaiB na CpxntSe. "Oiapmaic 
hUa bpiain, pi TTluman 7 Leici TT)o;a apceana, 
mopcuup efc 1 Copcaig mop TTluman, lap, n-on^oD 7 
aifyi&i. TTlepp cer? n-unja DO aiDmiB aipppinn Ceallaig, 
comapba pacpaic, DobaDuft 1 n-"0aball7 biDga-b Dopem. 
Paj'chalip, comapba pecaip, feyiuuf ixele^iofiif cum 
Tutexione "Dei ec pfioocimi, a-o ChfUfcum mijfiauir:. 
TTla|iia, mgen TTlait-Coluim, ingen |\1 CClban, ben fii& 
8axan, a epc. Sloped) la "Caipp-oelbac MJa 
ConcoBaip, la pi Connacc 7 la TT) tipcat btJa TDael- 
Seclainn, pi "Cempac, imailli -ppip 7 la bCCe-o liUa 
Huaipc ipin TTlumain, conpocra-oup ^-enn-TYl a?;aip 7 co 
txipi) "Oep-TTlumain DO TTlac Cappcai^ 7 'Cuar-TTlumain 
DO macaiC "DiapmaDa 7 co cue a n-j;iallu DiblinaiC. 
Slo^ai) aile b leip cobCCc-cliac, co cue mac pi "Cbempac 
boi illaim ^all 7 pallu ^all jxroein 7 giallu Lai^en 7 

. 8cel 



aile b a 


mop i 8leib-6l|5a, 
ilcacpaca 7 dp n-T>ome innT7it5. 
n-6pinn : iDon, muipmicon DO |abail 
Lipapslmn 1 n-OppaipC 7 apaile ic 
TflaiDm Cmn-Daipe poptJiB-Gcac UlaD pia TTIupcaD hlla 
RuoDaca[i]n, co polar* a n-dp. RuaiDpi bUa Concobuip, 

A.D. 1118. .c., MS. b .11., MS. 

1118. 1 Himself was endangered. 
Literally, fright (happened) to him- 
self. The carrying of so much 
church plate shows that Cellach 
was engaged on a visitation of the 

a Paschalis. Died Jan. 2, 1118. 

8 Maria Married in Westminster, 
1100; died and was buried there 
this year, according to the Anglo 
Saxon Chronicle. 

Bryan, etc. ; Donell, etc. Given 

in C. ; also in the Annals of Innis- 
fallen and the Four Masters. 

8 Earthquake At 111 T.theAnglo- 

Saxon Chronicle states that an earth- 
quake occurred in Lombardy on the 
Octave of St. John the Evangelist 
(Jan. 3). As the next preceding 
event of the same chronicle is said 
to have taken place on the 17th of 
the Kalends of January (Dec. 17), 
the entry in question probably be- 
longs (as in the test) to 1113 



Laidhgnen Ua Duibdara, king of Fir-Manach, was killed [1118] 
by the Ui-Fiachrach and by the Men of Craibh. Diarmait 
Ua Briain, king of Munster and of the Half of Mogh 
besides, died in great Cork of Munster after unction and 
penance. The value of one hundred ounces of the Mass- 
requisites of Cellach, successor of Patrick, was drowned in 
the Daball and himself l was in danger. Paschalis, 2 suc- 
cessor of Peter, a religious servant with love of God and of 
the neighbour, passed to Christ. Maria, 3 daughter of Mael- 
Coluim, [i.e.] daughter of the king of Scotland, wife of 
[Henry] the king of the Saxons, died. (" Bryan 4 Mac 
Murough O'Bryan, heyr of Munster, killed by Teig Mac 
Carthai and by Desmond." )A hosting by Tairrdelbach 
Ua Concobhair [that is], by the king of Connacht and 
by Murchadh Ua Mael-Sechlainn, king of Tara, along 
with him and by Aed Ua Ruairc into Munster, until they 
reached Glenn-Maghair and he gave Desmond to Mac 
Carthaigh and Thomond to the sons of Diarmait [Ua Briain] 
and took their pledges from them both. Another hosting 
by him to Ath-cliath, so that he took away the son of the 
king of Tara, who was in custody of the Foreigners and 
the pledges of the Foreigners themselves and the pledges 
of Leinster and of Ossory. A wonderful tale the pilgrims 
tell : namely, a great earthquake 6 at Mount-Elpha shook 
many cities and killed many persons therein. Another 
wonderful tale in Ireland : a mermaid was taken by fisher- 
men of the Weir 6 of Lisarglinn, in Ossory and another at 
Port-Lairge. ("Donell 4 Mac Roary O'Conor, heyre of 
Connaght, died." )The defeat of Cenn-daire [was inflicted] 
upon the Ui-Echach of Ulidia by Murchadh Ua Euadha- 
cain, so that slaughter of them was inflicted. Ruaidhri 
Ua Conchobuir, king of Connacht for a long time, died [in 

6 Of the Weir, etc O'Conor's tran- 
script and translation are perhaps 
worth quotation : cor adh Us ar glinn 
in Osraighibh, ocus ar aile ic Puirt- 

lairge cujus longitude talis, ut ex- 
tremitas una esset in Ossoria, altera 
Waterfordiae (quae Surio distermina- 
bantur) ! 



pi Connacc ppi pe ciana, TX> 6c ITIT> C ailipi c ipn c- 
tliaoain picec d iap n-a oallufc. 

]CaU 1an. 1111. p., t. x ui., CCnno "Domini m.c. x. ix. 
Cenn-cojurfc t>o pcaite-o "DO ConnaccaiB- TTluipcepcac 
hUa Opiain^pi Gpenn 7 cuip opTxnn 7 aipecaip iapaip 
in -Domain, lap m^Huai-fe pip 7 aipii 1 peil fnocoerii6[i]c 
Leic 7 i* repir* IT> TTlapca, m quinca pepm, m 
ocraua Luna, mopcu[u]f epc. Cu-coLlcaiUe hUa 
La[i]n, an.7>ollarii Gpenn ap "ban 7 ap -oeipc, ap ainec, ap 
coinT>epcle coiccinn ppi qauau 7 cpiunu, -DO mapba'S TK) 
Pepaitl-Luips 7 TX> "Chuaic-Hara cum pua uxope ec 
B 49a 7>uobup ptiip | fanp bomp ec cum cpiginca qumque 
ati[i]f , ecep niumncip 7 oege'Bu, m una T>omu, hi Sacupn 
TTlincapc 7 hi peil Oeca[i]n, maic Cula. Ruaifpi hlla 
Tx>mpaip, aipcinnec [ph]arna-mope, quieuic. plaic- 
bepcac hUa LaiT>5nen, pi pepn-muii ppi pe, -DO ec. 
pepail 1nnp Loca-Cpe, i^enoip aipmitme 
"Oe,aT)Chpipcum rmspauic. ConcobuphUa 

c A later hand wrote in perigrinatione (the Latin equivalent) overhead. 
d xx., MS. 

A.D. 1119. M i.m., MS. ; "6 Ides" (10 Martii was written on the 
margin by another hand), C. 

7 26 tA year See 1092, supra. 
The bracketed words are from the 
C. translation. 

1119. 1 The 3rd. This is a typical 
instance, showing the value of the 
ferial and lunation. The Domini- 
cal Letter was E and the Golden 
Number XVIII . March 1 of the 
text would accordingly be Monday, 
moon 25. On the other hand, 
Thursday, moon 25, are a double 
proof that the date was March 13. 
Consequently, the scribe, by the 
most frequently recurring of all 
errors, mistook u. for ., thereby 
changing 3 (m.) into 6 (i'.). 

From C. it may be inferred that 
ui. was likewise the reading of A. 

The Four Masters followed the 
wi. of the MS. and omitted, as 
in most of the similar instances, 
the week-day and lunation. Where- 
upon, O'Donovan corrects girth Into 
fourth, noting that O'Clery's Irish 
Calendar gives March 12 as the feaat 
of Mochoemoc. This is, however, a 
mistake. All the native authorities, 
including O'Clery's Marytrology of 
Donegal, assign the festival to the 
13th. The same error of sixth for 
third occurs in the Annals of Loch Ce 
(ad an.) 

s Donell, etc. ; Hugh, tie. Given 
in C. ; also in F. M- 

* Bot h. Literally, between. 

* Little Eatter. Low Sunday. 



Clon-Mac-Nois] in pilgrimage, in the 26th year 7 after 
his blinding. 

Kalends of Jan. on 4th feria, 16th of the moon, A.D. 
1119. Cenn-coradh was razed by the Connachtmen. 
Muircertach Ua Briain, king of Ireland and tower of the 
splendour and principality of the West of the world, died, 
after victory of kingship and penance, on the feast of 
Mochoemoc of Liath and on the 3rd l of the Ides [13th] 
of March, on the 5th feria, on the 28th of the moon. 
('-' Donell 2 O'Hadeth, king of O'Neachay, killed by Echry 
Mac Laithvertay O'Hadith, king of O'Neachai after." ) Cu- 
collchaille Ua Baighellain, arch-ollam of Ireland for science 
and for almsdeeds, for hospitality, for general benevolence 
towards weak and strong, was killed by the men of Lurg and 
and by Tuath-Ratha, with his wife and two very good sons 
and with thirty-five others, both 3 domestics and guests, in 
the same house, on the Saturday of Little Easter 4 [April 
5] and on the feast of [St.] Becan, son of Cula. 5 Ruaidhri 
Ua Tomrair, herenagh of [F]athan-mor, rested. Flaith- 
bertach Ua Laidhgnen, king of Fern-magh for a [long] 
time, died. (" Hugh 2 Mac Branan's sonn, king of East 
Leinster, killed. Donagh Mac Gillpatrick's sonn, heyr of 
Ossory, killed by Ossorij themselves." ) Ferghail 6 of the 
Island of Loch-Cre, venerable religious counsellor, soldier 
select of God, passed to Christ. Conchobur Ua Gailm- 


6 Becan, Son of Cula. According 
to the gloss in the L. B. Calendar 
of Oengus, he was patron of Im- 
lech-fia (near Kells, co. Meath). 
Cula, the Martyrology of Tallaght 
states (L. L. p. 358d), was the 

name of his mother. 

6 Ferghail. The Annals of Innis- 
falkn give the obit under the year 

1120 ; which, more probably, is the 

correct date. 

The Ruaidhri item is placed 
immediately before " this in C. , 
which omits the two final entries. 

7 Three Innocent Children. The 
week-day and moon's age are correct; 
but I have not found the feast in 
native authorities. According to the 
Annals of Inniffallen, Niall -was killed 
in the year following. But, the data 
here given are too precise and too 
much in accord to be erroneous. 


ocwiotcc ulcroti. 

cotfiuc Cenitnl-TTIoeoin, -DO mafibcrb -oo [U]ib-T)ut)T>ai 7 
oo Ctainn [phllaicbenraig. Niall, mac "Oomnaill lillt 
Loclamn, ni-oomna CCili 7 Sfienn 7tecjia Gpenn afiqiuc 
7 an, ceill, an, amec 7 an, enpia, TJO ruinm la Cenel- 
TDoen, ipin occma^ b bliai>ain picec b a aifi, 1 Luan 7 1 n- 
oecmai) [tiara^ efcai] 7 1 -peit na rpi mac n-ennac, in 
oecimo* occauo d Icalen-oap lanuafin. 

1an- u. p., 1. [axK.un., a ] CCnno "Domini TT1. c. acx. 
la "Oomnatl htla Loclamn 1 poiyii'Sin TTluficffDa 
hlli TT^ael-Seclamn co hCCc-luam, 1 n-ai^ro Connacc, co 
cafiac "Coipp-oelbac tiUa Concobui|i byiegfi-b umpo. 
TYlai-om TTlacai|ii Cbille-mo^e hlla Mialla[i]n fiiaT^a?;- 
nall, mac TTlic Riabai, -pofi Uib-6acac, co jioUr& a n-d]i. 

Concobup, mac plan-oaca[i]n, mic *T)uinncua[i]n, roifec 

-bi|in, T>O um 1 8leib-[J?h]uaic TK) [Ujib- 
7 a ec T>e. Ceallac, comafiba paqunc, -pofi 
ctiai]ic TTluman, co cue a osjieifi 7 co -paiagaiB bennaccam. 

Ofianan, mac ^illa-Cfiifc, jai Cojico-CCclann, TK) ec. 
Gcmaficac THac Ui^yiem, coifec Chemuil-pefia^ai, TX> 


1an. uii. p., U ix., CCnno T)ommi 171. c. xx. i. 
T)omnall, mac CCfi7>5aip. TTlic Loclamn, affOfii Gfienn, 
T>efif cairec ^oei'oel afi cpuc 7 cenel, an, ceill 7 jaifce'D, 
an, fx)ntif 7 fobayicam, an. rn>nacal feoic 7 bi'B, DO ec a 

Colmm-cille, ifm ocrma^ a bba-Bam 
f ui, ipn cn,ep b bliaTa>n imofifio feccmogar: 

b - b .0111. bliaftain. xix.MS. .x.mcro, MS. d ^ oecima| > occcraa|', MS. 
A.D. 1120. Lelt blank in MS. 

A.D.112I. ** .0111. blierocnn .ocxx., MS. b ' b .111. blicrocnn imop,|io.lix., 
M9. ; " 76th yeare," C. (taking in. to be M.) 

1120. * False peace. One which 
events proved he did not intend to 

'Circuit. The Annals of Innis- 
fnllen state that this was part of a 
visitation of all Ireland made by 

Cellacb, The second part of the 
entry is rendered in C. : "was there 
much reverenced, that they de- 
served his benediction " ! 

1121. * The 4th. The F. M. copy 


redhaigh, chief of Cenel-Moain, was killed by the [1119] 
Ui-Dubhdai and by the Clann-[Fh]laithbertaigh. 
Mall, son of Domnall Ua Lochlainn, royal heir of 
Ailech and of Ireland and paragon of Ireland for 
form and for sense, for generosity and for erudition, 
fell by the Cenel-Moain, in the 28th year of his age, on 
Monday and on the 10th [of the moon] and on the feast 
of th.e Three Innocent Children, 6 the 18th of the Kalends 
of January [Dec. 15]. 

Kalends of Jan. on 5th feria, 27th of the moon, A.D. [1120 Bis.] 

1120. A hosting by Domnall Ua Lochlainn, in aid of Mur- 
chadh Ua Mael-Sechlainn, to Ath-luain against Connacht, 
so that Toirrdelbach Ua Conchobuir gave a false peace l in 
regard to them. The defeat of the Plain of Cell-mor of Ui- 
Niallain [was inflicted] by Raghnall, son of Mac Riabaigh, 
upon the Ui-Eachach, so that their slaughter ensued. 
Conchobur, son of Flandacan, son of Donnchuan, chief of 
Muinnter-Birn, was wounded at Slaibh-[Fh]uait by the 
Ui-Cremhtaind and he died thereof. Cellach, successor of 
Patrick, [went] upon circuit 2 of Munster, so that he took 
away his full demand and left a benediction. Branan, sou 
of Gilla-Crist, king of Corco-Achlann, died. Echmarchach 
Mac Uidhrein, chief of Cenel-Feradhaigh, was killed by 
the Fir-Manach. 

Kalends of Jan. on 7th feria, 9th of the moon, A.D. ril211 

1121. Domnall, son of Ardghar Mac Lochlainn, archking 
of Ireland, the [most] distinguished of the Goedhil for 
form and for birth, for sense and for prowess, for happi- 
ness and prosperity, for bestowal of treasure and of food, 
died in Daire of Colum-cille, in the 38th year of his reign 
and in, the 73rd year of his age and on the night of 
Wednesday and on the 4th l [recte, 5th] of the Ides [10th, 

the mistake of the MS., omitting, as I whereby the error could be readily 
elsewhere, the moon's age, the means ' rectified. 


rniuoclcc uloroh. 

B 49b f uae 7 i n-ai-oce Cecaine 7 1 quapr | 1i> pebfie 7 i 
n-occmcr5 d -oec [epcai] 7 1 peil Tnocuap6[i]c ITVO ecnai. 
Cu-TTlaip, mac "Oeopaift bill pilaiiro, pi "Oeplaip, TX> 
b<r5tii) iltoc-Gcac, lap n-gabail 1rmpi-"0apcapcpenn 
o'UiTJ-ecac, T>U 1 copcaip coicejv ap cefcopcaitf. 75 
eppcoip-Gogain htla CCn < oiapai'&, pi Cianacca, t>o mapbaft 
oia bpapit> pop tap peilgi benncaip. 8lua|a^ la 
Taipp'oelbac hlla Concobuip 7 la CoiceV Con[n]acc 1 n- 
"Oep-TTluTnain, co poinnpefecap o ret TTlal-peiTnin co 
'Cpaig-Li, ecep cuara 7 cealla, I'Don.feccrnosa 11 ceall, uel 
paulo plup. Cpeacplua^a^ la 'Caipp'oelbac htla Conco- 
baip t5ep 1 n-"Oep-TTHimain, co poacc 'Cepmonn Li^nnoip 
7 co copaii) bopoma T)iaprne 7 co -papgaib TTluipertac blla 
"Plaicbeptai^, pi lapraip Con[n]acc, 7 CCeT> bUa n- 
pi blla-pacpac. Cloiccec "Celca-lnnmumn 1 n- 

.aame.MS. d .tun., MS. c e 

ayx .xt, MS. '.ti.e-o, MS. 

2 Mochuaroe of the Wisdom. He is 
thus designated in the Calendar of 
Oengus also. Mochuaroe signifies my 
little (literally, young) Cuar. In a 
Wurzburg Latin MS. of the 8th 
century in Irish character, he is 
said to have committed to writing, 
lest it should lapse from memory, 
a Paschal Coniputus which his 
master, Mosinu (or Sillan, third 
abbot of Bangor: ob. 609=610, 
supra), had learned by rote from an 
erudite Greek (Schepss : Die aeltesien 
Evangelienhandschri/ten der Wiirt- 
burger Univertitdtibibliolhek, p. 
27). The introduction of the Decem- 
novennal Cycle into his monastery 
would thus account for the epithet 
" of the Wisdom." 

Another appellation of affection is 
Cuaran (little Cuar), under which 

title he is patron of Kilcoran (Cell 
Cuarain, Church of Cuaran 
perierunt etiam ruinae), about 
a mile west of Yonghal. He 
is locally remembered in a native 
couplet as Cuaran of the None. The 
reason is given in a bilingual and 
paitially corrupt gloss in the L. B. 
Calendar of Oongns. 7* ait e atberar 
1 Moehnaroe na Nona ' frisi, ar is e 
touech rodelig ctilebrad Non* : quia 
cum media vel ora [pro vel ora Itge 
Hora] apud antique* celebra\bd\tur 
" It is for this Moehvaroc of 
the None is applied (lit. said) to him, 
because he is the first that separated 
the celebration of None : for by the 
ancient [monks] it used to be cele- 
brated along with the Middle (Cano- 
nical) Hour [Sext]." 

This is explained by the Rule of the 



recte, 9th] of February and on the 18th [of the moon] and on 
the feast of [St.] Mochuaroc of the Wisdom. 2 Cu-Maighi } 
son of Deoradh Ua Flainn, king of Derlas, was drowned * 
in Loch-Echach, after Inis-Darcarcrenn had been taken 
from 4 him by the Ui-Echach, wherein fell five and forty 
persons. Gilla-Epscoip-Eogain 5 Ua Andiaraidh, king of 
Ciannachta, was killed by his own kinsmen in the centre 
of the cemetery of Bennchar. A hosting by Tairrdelbach 
Ua -Conchobuir and by the Fifth of Connacht into 
Desmond, so that they laid waste from Magh-Feimen 
to- Tragh-Li, both lands and churches, namely, seventy 
churches, or a little more. A foray-hosting by Tairrdel- 
bach Ua Conchobair and by the Fifth of Connacht again 
into Desmond, until he reached the Termon of Lis-mor 
and obtained cattle-spoil innumerable and he lost 6 Muire- 
dach Ua Flaithbertaigh, king of the West of Connacht 
and Aedh Ua Eidhin, king of Ui-Fiachrach. The 
steeple [/if., bell-house] of Telach-Innmuinn in Ossory 



38 Abbots : A prima hora usque ad 
horam tertiam Deo vacent fratres ; a 
tertia vero usque ad nonam quidquid 
iniunctum fuerit . . - fadant 
(Cap. x.). Sext was thus deferred 
from the sixth hour (12 noon) until 
the ninth (3 p.m.) and joined to 
None. In the Benedictine Rule, this 
deviation was followed from Sep. 15 
to Lent: Hot a secunda agatur Tertia 
et usque ad Nonam omnes in opus 
suum laborent. The change effected 
by St. Cuaran consisted in replacing 
the celebration of Sext at the proper 
Canonical hour, thus leaving None to 
be recited separately. 

Colgan (AA. SS. p. 302) gives the 
purport of the L. B. gloss as follows : 
Vocatur Mochuarocus de Nona, ideo 
quod sit primus qui curamt celebra- 

tionem Missae fieri seorsim, quia 
cum media Nona apud antiques cele- 
brabatur. This is typical of Colgan's 
work of the kind. The original, 
needless to say, makes no mention of 
Mass; cum media Nona is meaning- 
less ; whilst the ancient monks cele- 
brated Mass after Prime, Tierce, Sext 
and None respectively, according to 
the different seasons of the liturgical 

3 Drowned. The Annals of Innis- 
fallen add lhat the act was done by 
himself. . 

4 From. Literally, upon. W* 

5 Gilla-Epscoip-Eogain Devotee 
of Bishop Eugene (founder of Ard 
sratha, Ard-straw, co. Tyrone). 

6 Lost. Literally, left (dead) on 
the battle-field. 




b 49c 

DO T>luii TK) caificeinei) : cloc T>O fjgeinm ap, co nomafio' 
macleisini) ipn cill. 8amual hlla CCngli, eppcop CCca- 
cliac, in pace qineinr. Ceallac, comafiba paqaaic, "DO 
jaBail epfcopoici CCra-cliac a rx>^a 5 a ^ 7 5 aei<De k "Oa 
fn,eic "Cpin-TTIhafatiln, o T>o|Uif Rara co cfioif m-buigce, 
DO lofca^. CCrac 50161 ooriactam inNon "Oecimbi|i, co 
fiola a benncopop, TX> cloiccitic CCijvD-ttlaca7 co n-T)efina 
mop po Gjiinn tnle. 

(Cat. 1an. 1. p., 1., axe., CCnno *0ommi TTl. e c. axe. 11. 
hlla Ruaipc, ni Conmaicne, -DO cuicim la Penu TTlvoe 
ic bpeic cfieice uariC. Scnm Cbolmain, mic Luacam, 
o'posCail 1 n-ailai*D Lainne, peyicubar; 1 calriiain, "Oia- 
Cecain* in bfiai. Sluaige-o la "Caipyi^elbac bUa Con- 
cobuip co Loc-8ailec i TDi-De, co rdinig TTlac TT)tifuiaT>a, 

fii Laigen 7 ^all, 1 n-a cec. TTlo|i, mgen "Oomnaill bUi 
Loctainn, ben / Ca[i]f\|i p Deatbai5 bUi Concobuip, T>O ec. 
Cnec mo|i la Concobufi bUa Loclainn, 7 la Cenel n- 
Oogain, co |\an5aT>u|i Cill-|iuai'5 1 n-UllcaiC, co cucf a-oun, 
bofioma oiafiriii'oe. TTIael-Colinm bUa bpolca[i]n, 
eppcop CCi|iT)-Tinaca, T>O ec i n-a ailicpi | i n- 
"Oaipe po buai-5 mapcnxi 7 haicfiisi. CCe^ hUa 

oifec na bfieT>ca 7cenn 
Ofienn 7 "Oomnall, a bfiacaip,, moficui 

A.D. 1122. T)ia .c.ain, MS. 

7 Samuel Ua Angli. See Laiiigan, 
E. H. iii. 12, sq. 

8 Ceallach, etc. See Lanigau, 
E. II. iii. 45-6. 

9 Two streets. C. gives Datreith, 
taking the two native words as one, 
signifying the propername of a 

10 Door oj the Close " The mote 
doore," C. 

u Pinnacle-cover. "Brasen topp," 
12 And caused, etc. " And maine 

prodigies were shewn over all Ire- 
land " ! C. 

1122. 1 A man 1 1 grave [deep] in earth. 
" A cubite deep in the ground," C. 
The original expression occurs in 
the Featt of Brier iu (L. U. 103a, 
lines 15-6 ; 108b, lines 28-9). The 
meaning is shown in the Book of 
Armagh (fol. 8c) : Et dixit [angelus] 
ei : Aie relifjuiae a terra rcducvn- 
tur[-antur] corpora tui et cubitus 
de terra super corpus fiat. Quod . . 
factum . . demonstratum est; 
qnia . . . fodientes humum antropi 


was split by a thunderbolt : a stone leaped thereout, so [1121] 
that it killed a student in the church. Samuel TJa Angli, 7 
bishop of Ath-cliath, rested in peace. Ceallach, 8 successor 
of Patrick, took the episcopacy of Ath-cliath by choice 
of the Foreigners and of the Gaidhil. Two streets 9 of 
Masan-Third, from the door of the Close 10 to the Cross of 
[St.] Brigit, were burned. A gust of wind came on the 
Nones [5th] of December, so that it took off the pinnacle- 
cover 11 of the steeple [lit., bell-house] of Ard-Hacha and 
caused 12 great destruction of woods throughout all Ireland. 

Kalends of Jan. on 1st feria, 20th of the moon, A.D. [1122] 
1122. Aedh Ua Ruairc, king of Conmaicni, fell by the Men 
of Meath, in carrying off spoil from them. The Shrine 
of [St.] Colman, son of Luachan, was found in the tomb 
of Lann, a man's grave [deep] in earth, 1 the Wednesday , 
of the Betrayal 2 [March 22]. A hosting by Tairrdelbach 
Ua Conchobuir to Loch-Sailech in Meath, so that Mac 
Murchadha, king of Leinster and of the Foreigners, came 
into his house. Mor, daughter of Domnall TJa Lochlainn, 
wife of Tairrdealbhach Ua Conchobuir, died. Great foray 
by Conchobur Ua Lochlainn and by the Cenel-Eogain, 
until they reached Cell-ruadh in Ulidia, so that they took 
away countless cattle-spoil. Mael-Coluim Ua Brolchain, 
[suffragan] bishop of Ard-Macha, died on his pilgrimage 
in the Hermitage 3 of Daire, with victory of suffering and 
of penance. Aedh Ua Duibdirma, chief of the Bredach 
and head of the hospitality of the North of Ireland and 
Domnall, his brother, died. 

[&i>6poirQt] ignem a sepulchre inrum- 
pere viderunt. 

For St. Colman, of Lynally, 
King's County, see Vol. I., p. 87 ; 
O'Donovan, Four Masters, L, p. 
235-6 ; Adamnan, i. 5, ii. 16 and the 
notes thereon. 

2 The Wednesday of the Betrayal. 
" The Wednesday before Easter," 
C. This is correct. 

3 Hermitage. See Adamnan, p. 
366. As Cellach was a real arch- 
bishop, O'Brolchain was enabled to 
retire to Derry. 




CCtltlGClGC tllCCDtl. 

"(Cat 1an. n. p. ,1. i., CCnno T)omim m. c- xx in. gail- 
enga TJO gabail cigi 1 n-"0uimliac Cianna[i]n pop. 
TTIupca-o blla ITlaet-Seclainn, pop pi| 'Cempac, co polo- 
ipcpec m rec 7 occmoa* rai^i ime 7 co pomapbpac 
pocan>i -oia muinncep. "Gepnai imoppo ID upca-o, TX> 
giniuc Ciannafc|n , ceil mapba-o, cen lopca-o. CCmmup 
anairniT; T>O rabaipc pop Comapba CCilbe (iT>on, b TTlaet- 
rnopT>a, mac TDic Clorna b ) : n>on, cec T>o|;abail paippop 
lap Imleca pem 7 pop mac Cepbaill bill Ciapmaic 
(iT>on, c pi CCine c ), co pomapbat* moppepep* 1 am>. "Cep- 
tiacup imoppo na Doene main app, rpia par CCilCe 7 
na becailpi. Roloipce-o imoppo aim bepnan CCilCe. 
Romapbar> imoppo pia CIITO mip mci pogaC m rec, iT>on, 
m plla caec bUa Ciapmaic 7 "oeocam eipi-oe iap n- 
ammmu|;uf> 7 po beanax* a cenn 7>e i papugu-o CCilCe 7 
in Coim^el- Oen?;tipblla ^opma^Jn.comapba ComgaiU, 
DO ec 1 ii-aibrpi ituftnop TTlocucu. plann blla "OuiC- 
innpi, aipcmnec Ltimai ; Cu-Caipil blla Cepbaill, pi 
pepn-muip ; TDael-TTlinpe bUa C6nT)uM[i]n, aipcmnec 
"Oaipe-Luf>pam ; T)onnpleit5e TYlac Caralafijn, ponup 7 

A.D 1123. a uiii.mo5a, MS- ^iU., t. h., MS.; given in C., with 
omission of Mic-Mac. ec itl., t. h^ MS- ; given in C. d mop..nt., MS. 

1123. 1 Eighty houses " Eight of 
his household servants " ! C. 

TLe reading in B affords a natu- 
ral explanation of this apparently 
inexplicable error. The translator 
took ttii.mogha to be two words 
(uiii.=ocht eight ; mogha, pi. of 
moffh servant) and taighi to be 
gen. aing. of techhtiuif. Whence 
" eight [of his] household ser- 

^Attack. Not mentioned, strange 
to say, in the Annals of Inmtf alien. 

8 Succftsor of [St.] Ailbe. Bishop 
of Emly, co. Tipperary. 

4 Seven. Literally, great rix. 

8 Gapped [Bell] Erroneously 

rendered mitre in C. For the Btr- 
nan Ailbhe, see Petrie'a Hound 
Towers, p. 335-6. 

8 Cilla-caech. Purblind gillie. 
The soubriquet supplies a probable 
motive for the outrage. Owing to 
the visual defect, the bishop had 
refused to confer the Order of 
priesthood. Thereby Ua Ciannhaic 
(O'Kirby) was effectually debarred 
from the preferment which lay 
open to him as a member of the 
reigning family. 



Kalends of Jan. on 2nd feria, 1st of the moon, A.D. 1123. [1123] 
The Gailenga captured a house in Daimliac of [St.] 
Ciannan upon Murchadh Ua Mael-Sechlainn, king of Tara, 
so that they burned the house and eighty houses 1 around 
it and killed a number of his people. Murchadh, how- 
ever, escaped by protection of [St.] Ciannan, without being 
killed or burned. An unprecedented attack 2 was made 
upon the successor of [St.] Ailbe 3 (namely, Mael-Mordha, 
'son of Mac Clothna) : to wit, a house was seized upon him 
and upon the son of Cerball Ua Ciarmhaic (that is, the 
king of Aine), in the centre of Imlech itself, so that 
seven 4 were killed therein. Howbeit, the noble persons 
escaped therefrom, through favour of [St.] Ailbe and of the 
church. There was likewise burned the Gapped [Bell] 5 
of [St.] Ailbe. Now, he who seized the house was killed 
before the end of a novena, namely, the Gilla-caech 5 Ua 
Ciarmhaic and the same person was a deacon 6 by pro- 
fession 7 and his head was cut off, because of 8 the profana- 
tion of [St.] Ailbe and of the Lord. Oenghus Ua Germain, 
successor of -[St.] Comgall of Bangor, died in pilgrimage 
in Lis-mor of [St.] Mochutu. Flann 9 Ua Duibhinnsi, 
herenagh of Lughmagh ; Cu-Caisil CTa Cerbaill, king of 
Fernmagh ; Mael-Muire Ua Condubhain, herenagh of 
Daire-Lubrain ; Donnsleibhe Mac Cathalain, the pros- 
perity and happiness of all Ulidia, died. Donnchadh Mac 

7 By profession. Literally, accord- 
ing to nomination. 

8 Because of. Literally, in. The 
offence was homicide (punishable 
by death), according to Canon 
xxxi. of the First Patrician Synod : 
Si quis conduxerit e duobus clericis, 
quos discordare convenit per dis- 
cordiam aliquam, prolatum uni e 
duobus hostem ad interficiendum, 
homicidam congruum est nomi- 

nari : qui clericus ab omnibus 
rectis [recte] habeatur alienus. 

This enactment was incorporated 
into the Collectio Canonum Hiber- 
nensis (x. De multimodis causis 
clericorum : 23). 

9 Flann, etc. Of the four names in 
this entry, the last alone is given in 
the Annals of Loch Ce. But the com- 
piler placed after it the mortui aunt 
of the Ulster Annals. 



poBapcu llla-6 uile.mopmi punc. "Oonnca-blTlac 5ill[a]- 
Patpaic pucr5, pi Oppaip, a puip occipupepc Conaluc 
hUa [phjlaicbeptaig, pn>omna CCili^., occipup epc. 

1 an. in. p., Lac.n., CCnno T)omini TT1 . c. aac. 1111. 
x>ppinT>, mac t^upcaill, ppitf)Oig6ige^n[y] gall n-Openn, 
pubica mopce pepuc. "Ca-og, mac~ ITlic Caiaficai|, yii 
"Oeap-TTluTnam[-aii], m pemcenaa mo|icuuf efc. bi^a^ 
mofi "DO ^.15 "Cemfiac "Oia-*0omnai5 Capc[aJ : iT)on, a ec 
Capca DO cuicirq pai[i 7 fOfi a ce^lac. Luimnec -DO 
lofca^ uile, accma'5 beac. CClaxatToaiji, mac IDael- 
Choluim, jii ttLban, m bona penicenna moficuup epc. 
$ei U T)ef-niuman -DO mapba^ la Txiififvoelbac hUa 
B 49d Concobaifi : | iT>on, TTlael-8eclainn, mac Cojimaic, mic 
|F|ic Capiirai^, pi Caipl 7 lilla Ciapmeic a hCCne 7 hUa 
Cobrai5T)o [U]ib-Cuanac-Cnamcaille. CCji-Djaia, mac mic 
CCera hUi ITlael-Seclainn, jii-Domna CCibg, Domajiba'ola 

v ITIumncefi "Oaipe 1 n-ainec Coluim-cilte. 

/ * ~ i 

]CaL 1an. u. p., L axe. 111., CCnno "Domini TT). c. xx. u. 
Cfumc 17> lanaip imoiifio pop Oen--oiT)en 7 ppim [uaraT) 
epcai] puippi. Ocuf ip mnci ruap^ba^ a bum^e -Di-oen 
pop 111 T>amtiac mop CCipT)-TTlaca, lap n-a Lanecop TK> '/ 
plmnauc la Cellac, comapba pacpaic, ipin 

A.D. 1124. The 1111. were at first un. ; but u was altered into 11, by the 
text hand. 

1124. ' Batter houte. From this 
expression, taken in connection with 
the house-seizures mentioned in 
the Annals, it may be concluded 
that it was customary for kings to 
spend the week before Easter or 
Pentecost at a church, where 
houses were set apart for them- 
selves and their retinues. * 

2 Died. On April 23, according to 
the Anglo Saxon Chronicle. 

1 Of A ne.~ Literally, from Aine 
(the district around Knockany, co. 
Limerick). In the Annals of Loch 
Ce (ad on.), the original, a hAne, is 
read Achaine and applied as the 
personal name of Ua Cobthaigh 



Gilla-Patraic the Red, king of Ossory, was slain by his 
own [kinsmen]. Conghalach Ua [FJlaithbertaigh, royal 
heir of Ailech, was slain. 


Kalends of Jan. on 3rd feria, 12th of the moon, A.D. [1124 Bis. ] 
1124. Torfind, sou of Turcall, chief young lord of the 
Foreigners of Ireland, perished by sudden death. Tadhg, 
son of Mac Carthaigh, king of Desmond, died in penance. 
Great ^erm[happened] to the king of Tara, on Easier 
Sunday [April 6] : namely, his Easter house 1 to fall upon 
him and upon his [lit., the] household. Limerick wasburned, 
all but a little. Alexander, son of Mael-Coluim, king of 
Scotland, died 2 in good penance. The hostages of Des- 
mond were killed by Tairrdelbach Ua Conchobair : namely, 
Mael-Sechlainn, son of Cormac, son of Mac Carthaigh, 
king of Cashel and Ua Ciarmaic of Ane, 3 and Ua Cob- 
thaigh of Ui-Cuanach-Cnamchaille. Ardghar, grandson 
of Aedh Ua-Mael-Sechlainn, royal heir of Ailech, was killed 
by the Community of Daire, in reparation 4 to [St.] Colum- 

Kalends of Jan. on 5th feria, 23rd of the moon, A.D. 
1125. The 5th of the Ides 1 [9th] of January [wasj upon 
Friday and the 1st [day of the moon fell] thereon. And it 
is on that [day] its protecting ridge was raised 2 upon the 
great stone church of Ard-Macha, after its being fully 
covered with shingle by Cellach, successor of Patrick, in the 


4 In reparation* " Within the 
libertie " ! C. I do not know what 
was the offence. 

1125. 1 The dthofthe Ides,etc.The 
translator of C. mistook the meaning 
of this entry. " The fift of the Ides 
of January was the church of Ard- 
magh broken in the roofe, which was 

covered by Ceallagh, the Corbe of 
St. Patrick 5 being unrooffed in an 
hundred and thirtie years before." 
The week-day is given, but the 
lunation omitted, by the Four 

2 Ridge was raised. That is, the 
work was formally completed. 


ccmicclcc ulcroTi. 

blia-oam ap cet; on-a pafiai plinn-ciuc paipcocomlan. 
bUa Huaipc -DO bcrcu*o illoc-OCillmne. 
La ^aipp-oelbac bUa Concobuip i TTli*oe, co 
poinnapb TT)upccr& lillu 1T1ael-8eclainn ap a pijji 7 co 
rapac cpi pia -pop )2epu 1T)i*6e. 1Tlapbi*o tpa b "Oomnall 
TTlac 1T)upca*ba in cpep pig pia cir)tl noniai*6e. 1*0011, 
TTlael-Seclainn, mac "Oonnca"oa. Cfiec T>ocuait> TTlui|i- 
ceyicac bUa Cejibaill, pi "Oei-pce[i]pc pepn-muigi, 1 
pepaiB-bfie-g, conufrafiai-b "Oiap.*mai*o bUa TTlael- 
Seclainn co pepaiC TTIi-De 7 co pepaiB bpeg, co pomap.- 
ba-6 TDuipcepcac ann 7 dp a cpeice ime. 

]CaU 1an. ui. p., I. 1111., CCnno "Domini ttl. c. jcx. ui. 
6nnai, mac TTlic TTIiipca-5a, pi Lai-gen, mopciuip epr 1 ; 
-o ta TaippT>elbac btJa Concobuip ilLai5nit5, co 
a n-gialtu. bUa fTlaelfUianarg, pi pep-TTlanac, 

i a fuip occipup efc. TTlaet-1pu blla Conne, pui 

/ 1 pencup 7 1 m-bpiremnacc 7 i n-Up*o parpaic, lap n- 

' a[i]pi;e 60501*06 m Chpipco quieinc. Copcac mop ITlu- 

man co n-a cempull *oo Lopca*o. "DomnatL hlla "DuC*oai 

oo ba*ou*o, iap n-*oenam cpeici 1 "Cip-Conailt. Ri^oepup 

''Coipp'oetbai^ Iil1i Concobuip co bCCr-ctiar, co rap*o pip 

CCca-cbac 7.Lai5en *oia mac, i*oon, *oo Concobup. CCnpu*o 

A.D. 1125. .c., MS. b h[aucem] (the Latin equivalent), MS. 

3 Thirtieth year above, one hundred. 
At 995 (=996), supra (995 accord- 
ing to a quatrain in the /'. M.i. 
Armagh, including the stone church, 
was destroyed by lightning. The 
meaning is, that the restoration of the 
roof had been carried out at intervals 
during the period. 

4 Before the end of a novena. 
"Within three dayes and three 
nights after"! C. The/ 1 . Af. omit the 

1126. 1 Died. In Wexford, ac- 
cording to the List of Leinster kings 
inL.L. (p.39d). 

2 A Goed/iel eminent. Literally, 
a muster af a Goed/iel. By an em- 
phatic native idiom, which is still 
operative, instead of a sb. qualified 
by an adj., the corresponding sb. 
of the adj. (or the adj. used aa sb.) 
is employed with the genitive of 
the sb. 



thirtieth year above one hundred 3 since there was a com- [1125] 
plete shingle roof upon it before. Gilla-braiti Ua Ruairc 
was drowned in Loch-Aillinne. A hosting by Tairrdel- 
bach Ua Conch obair into Meath, so that he expelled 
Murchadh da Mael-Sechlainn from the kingship and 
placed three kings over the men of Meath. But Domnall, 
son of Murchadh, kills the third king, namely, Mael- I fp 
Sechlainn, son of Donnchadh, before the end of a novena 4 . 
Muircertach Ua Cerbaill, king of the South of Fern- 
magh, went on a foray into Fir-Bregh, until Diarmaid Ua 
Mael-Sechlainn with the Men of Meath and the Men of 
Bregha overtook them, so that Muircertach was killed 
there and slaughter of the foraying force [took place] 
around him. 

Kalends of Jan. on 6th feria, 4th of the moon, A.D. 
1126. Ennai, son of Mac Murchadha, king of Leinster, 
died. 1 A hosting by Tairrdelbach Ua Conchobuir into 
Leinster, so that he took away their pledges. Ua Mael- 
ruanaigh, king of. Fir-Manach, was slain by his own 
[kinsmen]. Mael-Isu Ua Conne, a Goedhel eminent 
in history and in jurisprudence 2 and in the Order of 
Patrick, rested in Christ after select penance. Great 
Cork of Munster with its church was burned. 
Domnall Ua Dubhdai was drowned, after making a foray 
in Tir-Conaill. Royal progress of Toirrdelbach Ua Con- 
chobuir to Ath-cliath, so that he gave the kingship of 

The Order of Patrick may have 
embodied the primatial rights and 
privileges, as formulated and 
claimed with such prominence in 
the Tripartite Life and the Book of 
Armagh. The following from 
Tirechan (Book of Armagh, fol. 
lib) is characteristic of the spirit 
pervading the Patrician Documents 
in their present form. Si quaereret 
heres [=:comar6o]Patriciiparuchiam 


[i.e., diocesim] illius, potest pene 
totam insolam sibi reddere in paru- 
chiam. (Cf . The Tripartite Life of 
St. 'Patrick, etc., Trans. R. I. A., 
xxix. 184.) 

3 Both laic and cleric. Literally, 
between land and church. 

4 Zreacherousforay. "A stealing 
army," C. It signifies that the foray 
was made when Ua Tuachair was 
nominally at peace with the Airthir. 



cocai*6 riioip i n-epmn, cop'bo ecen TK> comapba pacpaic 
' bic mi pop blia-bum ppi bCCpo-Tnaea i n-eccaip, oc picu- 
Sju'B pep n-6penn 7 oc cabaipc pia^la 7 foBepa pop cac, 
ecep tuaic 7 eaclup. Cpec meaBla la Huai'opi bUa 
B 50a "Guaeaip 1 n-CCificepait5, conactcafica-oafi CCijiafi, co 
polcr5 a n-ap 7 co fuyoicennafc pcroein. TTluifiefcac hUa 
Cuitlen, ai|iciiinec Clocaiji, -DO mayiba'D T)'pefiaiB-TTlanac. 
"Oambac fieigtepa poit 7 pe-oaip, T>opona-5 ta Mmafi 
hUa n-CCe-Bacatijn, T>O coifecfwrb T>O Cheallac, comapba 
i c n-DOT>ecim ]Callann c Mouimbip. Cftec- 
a'Caifip-Detbac bUa ConcoCaifi a n-*0ep-fnu- 
mam,co poacc ^lenii-TTlaaifi 7 co cue bojioma i>icnfi- 

]Cat. 1an. tin., p., 1. x. u., CCnno "Oomim TT1. c. xx. un. 
8lua5cr5 la "Coifiyfoelbac bUa Concobuiji 1 n-"Oef-TTlu- 
main, co |ioacc Coyicaig moifi TTluman, co cue ^mllu 
Tnuman co leip. CCificip. -DO abail cai^i plainn TTlic 

ai"5ci Luain 
pafteni, 1 

8axan pop Hobnail, mac TTlic Uiabai, 
1nice 7 a T)icenna'5 leo. Cac ecep Ulcu 
pcpa-oup 7)a pi UUro, 1-oon, Iliall TTlac 
7 dfi Ulaf* ime 7 Gocai-5 bUa Tnacgamna 
lurc hUa beicni, fii pefi-TTlaiiac 
T>oec 1 Clocap-mac-n-"Oaimin iapn- 
colai-oe. P|i TTluman 7 Laigin -DO impo-o 
D0pi[c]ip pop "Cbaipp-oelbac bUa Concobuip 7 a n-geill 

A.D. 1126. *m .xii. Kt, MS. 

6 The stone church. Colgan evades 
the difficulty of distinguishing between 
Damliac and Recles (monastery^ by 
employing the term Basilica (Triad. 
Thaum., p. 300). 

8 [mar. The tutor of St Malachy; 
fir sanctissimae vitae, according to 
St. Bernard. His name is in the 
Carthusian Martyrology at NOT. 
12 (Lanigan, E. H. iv. 99). The 

Martyrology of Donegal has it (I 
know not why) at 13. lie died 
on a pilgrimage at Rome in 1134. 
7 He reached. " He wasted," C. 
The same error is repeated in the first 
entry of next year. It arose pro- 
bably from mistaking the con- 
traction mark over s for the grave 
accent of a ; thus reading roacht 
as ro[f/i]dt. 



Ath-cliath to his son, namely, to Conchobur. A storm of 
great war in Ireland, so that it was necessary for the suc- 
cessor of Patrick to be a month above a year abroad from 
Ard-Macha, pacifying the men of Ireland and imposing 
rule and good conduct upon every one, both laic and cleric 3 - 
A treacherous foray 4 [was made] by Ruaidhri UaTuachair 
into the Airthir, until the Airthir overtook them, so that 
slaughter of them was inflicted and he was beheaded him- 
self. Muiredhach TJa Guillen, herenagh of Clochar, was 
killed by the Fir-Manach. The stone church 5 of the Monas- 
tery of [SS.] Paul and Peter, that was built by Imar 6 Ua 
Aedhacain, was consecrated by Ceallach, successor of 
Patrick, on [Thursday] the 12th of the Kalends of 
November [Oct. 21]. A foray-hosting by Tairrdelbach 
Ua Conchobhair into Desmond, until he reached 7 Glenn- 
Ma ghair and took away countless cattle-spoil. 

Kalends of Jan. on 7th feria, 15th of the moon, A.D. 
1127. A hosting by Tairrdelbach Ua Conchobair into 
Desmond, until he jeached great Cork of Munster, so that 
he took away the pledges of all Munster. The Airthir 
seized the house of Flann Mac Sinaigh in the Third of the 
Saxons upon Raghnall, son of Mac Riabaigh, on the 
night of Monday of the Beginning [of Lent, 1 Feb. 21] ; and 
he was beheaded by them. A battle between the Ulidians 
themselves, wherein fell two kings of Ulidia in com- 
bat, namely Niall 2 Mac Duinnshleibhe [Ua Eochada], 
with slaughter of the Ulidians around him and Eochaidh 
Ua Mathgamna. G ilia-Crist Ua hEicnigh, king of Fir- 
Manach and arch-king of Airgialla, died in Clochar-mac- 
Daimin after choice penance. The Men of Munster and 
the Lagenians turned again upon Tairrdelbach Ua Con- 


1127. l Beginning [of Lent]. See 
1109, note 2, supra. 

*Niall. Not given in theUlidian 
regnal list (L. L. 41d). 

2 He placed. Very gross is the 
error of the scribe, or compiler, of 
the (so-called) Annals of Loch Ce, 
who took the rat sum of the MS. to 




DO -fcilpiusui) 0010' 7 a mac o'atp.isu'fc t>o Lai^niC 7 TK> 
hallaiB. CCpai-oe, -oopac pum p.i aile* poppo, iTK>n, 
"Oomnall, mac TTlic pbaelam. Ceapball, mac TTlic 
phaelain 7 dp blla-paelam ime T>O rtnmm ta 
pailgi pop lap Cille-T>apa, 1 copnum comupbu[i]p 
'Caitlcni, 1115611 TTluficami hlli IDael-Seclamn, ben 
'Gaipjvbelbai5 bUi Concobtnii, T)'ec. mael-bfii^te bUa 
pofiaiina[\]iii, aijicinnec CCiiDa-yTiara ; TTlaet-bfii^cebtla 
Cinaera, aipcnmec CCi]iT>e- / Cpea, m bona penecencia 
moficui func. g 1 ^ 01 "^! 11 !^ ^'^ a THael-eoin, comapba 
Ciayiam Cluana-mac-floip, ix)iiuf 7 fobayicu aipcinnec 
cell n-6|ieiin, in Chfiifco quieuic. 

1an. 1. p., 1. acx-ui., CCnno "Oomim m.c. an. uin. 
embolefm[aCTc]uf annuf. Pfi TTlbaip- 
( iT>on, b "Oomnall bUa 5 ai ^ m T ieT)a1 5 7 Cenel- 
TTlaein b ) DO ^abail caip -po|i yiig "peyi-TDanac, iT>on, pop. 
paelan hUa n-"OuiB-Dapa 7 athntim leo 7 pocai-oe 
TIO riiaiiC pep-TTIanac ime. r 5^l[a]-par:paic, mac 
'Guarail, comapba Coempn, T>O mapboro T)'Uib- 
Tnuipe-Dais pop, lap, ^-inne-T)a-loca. fTlaiT)m pia 
mapcplua^ConcoBaipv, mic TTlic Loclainn, popmapcplua 
Tigepnam Ua [Hi] Ruaipc, i copcaip bUa Ciap-bai, 
A.D. 1127. .ii., MS. 
A.D. 1128. bipexcup, MS. bb ill., t h., MS. ; ora., C. 

be plural and read radsat (they 
gave). The editor accepts this and 
improves upon it by taking el\ 
(another) to be the local name, Eli ! 
(He omits to say whether the 
territory of the name in Tipperarv, 
or that in the King's Co., is intended.) 
He onght to have known that the 
legitimate successor of Enna was 
Diarmait Mac Murchadha, who 
brought over the English. But he was 
probably misled by the translator of 
C., who has : " hia (O Conor's sonn) 

deposed by Leinster and Galls, through 
misdemeanours of Danyell O'Eylan, 
king of Ely." O'Donovan (p. 1027) 
also took the verb as plural, signifying 
that the Leinstermen and Foreigners 
"elected another king over them." ! 

* Contending. That is, which of 
two nuns belonging respectively to 
the two tribes mentioned should be 
the new abbess. The F. if. mention 
the fray, but omit the cause. 

1128. ' Embolismal. That is, 
having a lunar month thrown in 



chobuir and their pledges were forfeited by them, and his [1127] 
son was deposed by the Lagenians and by the Foreigners. 
Howbeit, he placed 2 another king over them, namely, Dom- 
nall, son of Mac Faelain. Cearball, son of Mac Faelain 
and slau ghter of the Ui- Faelain [took place] around him 
fell by the TJi-Failghi in the centre of Cell-dara, in contend- 
ing 3 for the succession of [St.] Brigit. Tailltiu, daughter 
of Murchadh Ua Mael-Sechlainn, wife of Tairrdelbach Ua 
Conchobhuir,died. Mael-Brighte Fa Forannain, herenagh 
of Ard-sratha ; Mael-Brighte Ua Cinaetha, herenagh of 
Ard-Trea,died in good penance. Gilla-CristUaMael-Eoin. 
successor of Ciaran of Cluain-mac-Nois, happiness and 
prosperity of the herenaghs of the churches of Ireland, 
rested in Christ. 

Kalends of Jan. on 1st feria, 26th of the moon, A.D. 1128. |_1128Bis.] 
A Bissextile and Embolismal 1 year. The Men of Magh- 
Itha (namely, Domnall Ua Gailmredaigh and the Cenel- 
Maien) seized a house upon the king of Fir-Manach, that is, 
upon Faelan Ua Duibhdhara ; and he fell by them, and a 
number of the nobles of Fir-Manach around him. Gilla- 
Patraic, son of Tuathal [Ua Tuathail], successor of [St.] 
Coemhgen,was killed by theUi-Muiredaigh in the centre of 
Glenn-da-locha. A defeat [was inflicted] by the horse-host 
of Conchobar, son of Mac Lochlainn, upon the horse-host of 
Tigernan Ua Ruairc, wherein fell UaCiardhai , king of Cairpri 

[/]' (fi.^6\tfJ.os] ; thus giving thirteen 
moons to the year in the luni-solar 
reckoning. The present is the third 
Embolism of the Decemnovennal 
Cycle: Epact 26, Golden Number 
viii. (See Todd Lectures, Series 
III, No. IV.) 

Its place in the Calendar is in- 
dicated in a marginal gloss in the 
L. B. Cal. of Oengus, opposite 

March 6 : Tertius Embolismus cicli 
decinnovenalishic incipit et contur- 
bat regulum [-am]. For the distur- 
bance, see Bede, De temp, rat., c. xx. 
This Embolism is of historical 
interest. It was the proof assigned 
in his reply to Pope Leo the Great 
by Paschasinus, bishop of Lily- 
baeum, why the Easter of 444 
should be celebrated on the Alexan- 



pi Caipppi 7 Coral hUa Jftogeallais 7 
htla mael-bnice 7 mac CCe-Ba hlli "Ohufroai, pi hUa- 
n-CCmal?xr5a 7 alu muln. muippf hUa Nio[i]c, 
aipcinnec ruama-Tja-sualann ppi pe, -DO ec 1 n-1nif-m- 
aill >mm gpanna, anaicnij, aimapmapcac, potoill 
eafcoine ep n-6penn, et;ep loec 7 cleipec, -oo nac ppic 
macfamla 1 n-Gfimn piam, T>O ^enatYi -DO "Chi^epnan hUa 
tli[b]-b|iHiin : iT>on, comafiba pacpaic TK> 
i n-a piaT>nu[i]pe : iT>on, a cuiT>ecra T>O f tac 
7 T)iaeam T>it5 T>O Tna]aba - 5 7 macclei|iec -oia muinnnfipein, 
pobi po Chinteba^, *oo mapbaft ann. 1f e imofi|io an 
iapmuipr: -oopaff Wn ifiignim fa, co nac pinl i n-Gfimn 
comuipce ip raipip T>O ^ume pcxbefcxi, no cunn.o'fcisailcefi 
o "Ohia7 o 'DoeimE m c-otc fa. 1n T>inferii fa i^ia cuca^ 
pon, comajiba paryiaic, iff amal 7 -oinfim in 
Coinroe^ ; uaifc aT>nubaipt; m Coinroeo pein ifin 
c-8hoifcela : Cfui c uof fpefmc, me; qtn 
me fpepnic, fpefcmc etim qtn me mific c . Cfieac- 
flua5af> ta Taiiiii-Delbac hUa Concobuifi ilLai|ml5, co 
fioacc Loc-Canman ; aiffei^, cimcell Laien cohCCc-cliar; 
7 -DOiioine bo-"Diba^ mop m conaip fin ; o CCc-cbar, T)'a 
05 oo|ii[c]ifi. CCcd qia mictu an c-fluaigai-b fin pop. 
"Cigepnan hlla Ruaipc. Cpeac la fnagnuf 7 la ppti 
hi "Cip-bpium, co cucforo Cabala mopa. 

cpii uof, ecc., ec qtii me, ecc., C. 

drine date, April 23, in preference 
to the Roman, March 26. 

2 In charge of the sacredrequitlte < and 
relict Literally, under a Culebadh. 
This expression, according to the Irish 
idiom, implies an office. In the Carl- 
sruhe (Irish) Codex of St Augustine 
(No. cxcv. fol. 1 9c), culebath glosses 
Jlabellum. But the context (quo etiam 
muscat abigentet aerrm commovemus) 
shows that here the word is taken 
literally, gnat-dettroyer. The- em- 
ployment of the Jla/tcflum, or fan, at 

Mass, M in the Greek Church, was too 
striking a ceremony to escape inciden- 
tal mention in native hagiography. 
A Culebadh was among the Columban 
relics at Kells. According to the 
Seafaring of Snedgut and Mac 
]liagail(4damnan. p. 323), it consisted 
of a leaf as large as the hide of a great 
ox. It was to be placed upon the 
altar. This description appears 
to identify it with the veil, or 
Coopertorium quo altare tegitur cum 
oblationibus, of Gregory of Tours 




and Cathal TJa Rogheallaigh, and Sitriuc TJa Mael-Brighte, 
the son of Aedh TJa Dubhdai, king of TJi-Amalghadha, 
and many others. Muirghis TJa Nioic, herenagh of Tuaim- 
da-ghualann for' [a long] space, died in Inis-in-Ghaill. 
A deed ugly, unprecedented, ill-issuing, that deserved the 
curse of the Men of Ireland, both laic and cleric, whereof 
the like was not found in Ireland before, was done by 
Tigernan TJa Ruairc and by the TJi-Briuin : namely, the 
successor of [St.] Patrick was stark dishonoured in his own 
presence : that is, his retinue was waylaid, and some of them 
were killed ; and a student of his own household, who was 
in charge of the sacred requisites and relics 2 was killed 
there. Now the result that grew out of this ill deed is this, 
that there is no protection which is secure for a person 
henceforth, until this evil is avenged by God and by men. 
For this disrespect that was put upon the successor of 
Patrick, it is the same as disrespect of the Lord ; since the 
Lord himself said in the Gospel : " He that despiseth you, 
despiseth Me ; he that despiseth Me, despiseth Him who 
sent Me " [Luke x. 14]. A foray-hosting by Tairrdelbach 
TJa Concobhuir into Leinster, until he reached Loch Car- 
man : herefrom, around Leinster to Ath-cliath, and he 
wrought great destruction of cattle on that route; from 
Ath-cliath, to his house again. But the ill-fame of that 
hosting is upon Tigernan TJa Ruairc. A foray by Magh- 
nus and by the men of Fern-magh into Tir-Briuin, so that 

(De Vitis Patr., viii.. Cf . The Stowe 
Missal, Trans. R. I. A., vol. xxvii. 
p. 169). That veil had enough 
in common with the muscifugium 
to have the Irish equivalent of 
fabellum applied thereto. Thence, in 
a secondary sense, culebadh would 
come to signify the requisites for Mass 
and for administration of the Sacra- 
ments ; fo culebadh designating the 
custodian thereof. 
"The circumstances of the present 

outrage suggest a more comprehen- 
sive meaning. When engaged upon 
a visitation, the primate always 
had the insignia (=Irish minna ; 
for which see the Stowe Missal, ubi 
sup., p. 174) of St. Patrick carried 
about with him. These are divi- 
ded into consecrated (insignia con- 
secrata) and other (aliorum insig- 
nium) in the Liber Angeli (Book of 
Armagh, fol. 21c). The former 
are intended in a passage of 


eoniatcc ulcroti. 



OeipiT) Tigepnan co n-Ui[b]-bpitnn 7 co focaiT)i moip 
aili d poppo ic CCr-pbip-oeafi. pepcaip rpa car; eceppti 7 
meabai-o pop "Cigepnan 7 -pop Ui[b]-bpiuin 7 maptfcup 
)( rpi" cec no cerpi cec e 7>ib, i^copuc 611115 parpaic. | 
B soc Sltiafxro la Concobup hUa Loclainn 7 la Cenel-n-Go^am 
7 la "Oal-n-CCpai-oe 7 la heippallaib 1 ma^-CoCa, co 
pallu bUa-n-Gcac. Impoic mppin pop a laim cli 
co pap^aibpei: 7>peim T)ia muinncep ann 7 
col mop pat> T)bia 7 pa[t] -oainiti : 1-oon, 
CCra-rpuim co n-a cempluiB 7 pocai-oe TK> -oul 
innnB. Mon' imperpara pace "Dei uel [b]omi- 
num, pecpo ambtilauepuiiT:'. 816 m-bba^na co ler, uel 
paulopltip, "oo f>enum T)O comopba pcrcpaic ecepConnaccu 
7pepu ITIuman. 

]Cal. 1an. 111. p., U, un., CCnno "Domini TT1.* c. axr. ix. 
TTlac 1Tlapa[i]p blla Reboca[i]n, aipcinnec Lp-moip 
TDocucu [-00 ec]. 5 1 ^ a "^ o ^' onna n ^ a "Duib-oipma T>O 
mapba-o -oo Ullcait) 1 n-lnip-Tairji. Ceallac, comapba 
Paupaic, mac oe 7 aipT)eppcop lapraip Ooppa 7 oein 
cenn popiapaipet;up ^oi-oil 7 ^aill, laic 7 clepic, iap 
n-oipT>net -oono eppcop 7 pacapc 7 aip[i] gaca jipai-o 
apcena 7 iap coipecpa-5 cempall 7 peilge-o n-inroa, iap 
n-onacal peoc 7 moeine, iap n-a pail pia^la 7 poEepa 
pop cac, ecep ruaiu 7eclaip, iapm-beraiceilebupT:ai^-\ 

ro^ai-oe, popaiT* a anmain a n-ucc aingel 7 apcaingeU i 
n-CCpT>-par;paic, ipm TDumain, i jCalainn CCppil, in 

d .11, MS. M .ccc. I. .cccc , MS. '"' non impecyurcfa], etc., C. 

Tirechan, which connects them 
with a veil. Et ordinavit ibi 
[ I )unseverick,co. Antrim] Olcanum 
sanctum episcopum, quern nutrivit, 
Fatriciua et dedit illi partem de 
reliquiia Petri et Pauli et aliorum 
et velum quod custodivit reliquias 
(Book of Armagh, fol. 15b). v The 
veil here mentioned, it can be in- 

ferred, signified the cover, or 
reliquary. The phrase in the text 
will thus include a person in charge 
of relics. 

The expression is not translated in 
C. The whole entry is omitted 
(" perhaps intentionally, 1 ' O Do- 
novan, ii. 1029) by the Four 


they took great captures. Tigernan [Ua Ruairc], -with [1128] 
the Ui-Briuin and with another large force, comes up with 
them at Ath-Fhirdeadh. Battle is then fought between 
them, and defeat inflicted upon Tigernan and upon the Ui- 
Briuin ; and three hundred, or four hundred of them are 
killed, as a first reparation 3 to Patrick. A hosting by 
Conchobur Ua Lochlainn and by the Cenel-Eogain and by 
the Dal-Araidhe and by the Airgialla into Magh-Cobhaj 
so that they took away the pledges of theUi-Echach. They 
turn after that on their left hand into Fir-Bregh, until 
they lost a party of their people there and did a great 
crime before God and before men : namely, the burning of 
Ath-truim with its churches and a multitude underwent 
violent death in them. They marched back, without having 
obtained the peace of God, or of men. Peace of a year 
and a half, or a little longer, was made by the successor of 
Patrick between the Connachtmen and the Men of Munster. 

Kalends of Jan. on 3rd feria, 7th of the moon, A.D. [1129] 
1129. Mac Marais Ua Rebochain, herenagh of Lis-mor 
of Mochutu [died]. Gilla-Mochonna, 1 Ua Duibdirma was 
killed by the Ulidians in Inis-Taiti. Ceallach, successor 
of Patrick, son of purity and eminent bishop of the West 
of Europe and the one head to whom served the Goidhil 
and the Foreigners, laics and clerics, after ordaining 
bishops and priests and persons of every [church] 
grade besides and after the consecration of many 
churches and cemeteries ; after bestowing of treasures 
and of wealth ; after enjoining of rule and good conduct 
upon every one, both laic and cleric ; after a Mass- ^ I 
celebrating, fasting, prayerful life ; after Unction and 
choice penance, he sent forth his spirit into the bosom of 

3 First reparation. Meaning that . 1129. 1 Gilla.Mockonna. Devotee 
other punishments were inflicted I of (St.*) Mochonna. As Inis-Taiti 
subsequently. | vas an island in Lough Beg, c<v 


ccwicclcc ulcroti. 

fGcumxx pefiia 7 ipn cerjiamai)* btiaiknn pcec* a 
abTxnne 7 ifin c6icacmaT> b blicrbam a aifi. Ruccrb cn.a 
a copp hi cejrc" 11on co lep-mofi TTlocucu, T>O 
peifi a cimna pcrbein 7 popfiicaifie'5 co falnncnt) 7 
ymnaiC 7 eanntaiati. Ocuf fiofiaTmaice'o co honofiac i 
n-cnlai-o m[n]a n-eppcop 1 pfUT> Mon, m quintet 
l?enia. inuificenrxic, mac "Oomnaill, T/oifiTme-o i com- 
ujibup pacnaic mi-Ion CCppil. "Ceac Coltnm-citle i 

A. D. 1129. .ini.maT) .xx-ic, MS. b .tmaf, MS. c . 111., MS. 

Londonderry, the saint here in- 
tended was one of the two SS. 
Mochonna venerated in Perry on 
March 8 and May 1 3, respectively. 
8 Ard-Patiaic. The obit of 
O'Longan (1113, supra), the autho- 
rities cited in the note there given 
and two entries of a similar kind 
in these Annals explain the pre- 
sence of Cellach at Ard-patrick. 
O'Longan belonged to one of the 
tribes (mentioned in note 4, infra) 
that, by a perversion of the prin- 
ciple regulating succession in 
endowed churches (Senchas Mor, 
Brehon Laws, i. 73 sq. ; Book of 
Armagh, fol. I6d,17a), temporarily 
diverted the primacy into lay 
hands. The head of the name, 
Gilla-Crist (Book of Leinster p. 
334a, 1. 39; Book of Ballymote, p. 
115 b, 1. 34) and Ua Siuachain of 
the kindred sept, the Ui-Sinaich, 
who died respectively in 1072 and 
1052 (supra), are called stewards of 
Munster. Whence it can be in- 
ferred thac they were likewise 
incumbents of Ardpatrick. That 
church consequently was imme- 
diately subject to Armagh : its 
superiors were the stewards, or 

custodians, of the primatial cess in 
Munster and were selected from the 
families in question. 

Cellach had accordingly arrived 
there, either to visit, whether 
officially, or through courtesy ; or, 
it may be, in connection with 
the truce between Munster and 
Connaught mentioned under the 
preceding year. 

3 Tomb of the bishop t. Colgan, 
who was advised by the F. M., trans- 
lates: sanctuarlo fpiscoporum 
culffo appcllato! (Tr. Th., p. 301). 
The error, as was to be expected, 
has been copied by O' Conor. 

" His [Latin] name [Celsus] is in 
the Roman Martyrology at the 6th 
of April. . . Ita being placed 
at 6 April is owing to another 
mistake of Baronius [the first mis- 
take, Note to Rom. Mart., Ap. 6, 
was assigning the death to 1128], 
who was the first to insert it in the 
Roman Martyrology, which he 
revised by order of Gregory XIII. 
It was already in Molanus' Addi- 
tions to Usuard, published in the 
year 1568. ... As his inter- 
ment was marked rv. April., this 
notation was probably mistaken 



angels and archangels, in Ard-Patraic 2 in Munster, on the 
Kalends [1st] of April, on the 2nd feria, and in the 24th 
year of his abbacy and in the 50th year of his age. His 
body was then carried on the 3rd of the Nones [3rd] of 
April to Lis-mor of Mochutu, according to his own will 
and it was waked with psalms and hymns and canticles. And 
it was buried with honour in the tomb of the bishops, on the 
2nd of the Nones [4th] of April, on the 5th feria. Afuir- 
certach, son of Domnall, was instituted 4 \_recte y intruded] 
into the succession of Patrick on the Nones [5th] of April. 
The house of Colum-cille in Cell-mic-nEnain 5 was seized 


for vi. April., and thus adding a 
confusion of said day with that of 
his death, this error seems to have 
originated" (Lanigan, E. 21. iv. 

4 Imtittited. As the time was 
too short for the news to reach 
Armagh, much less for a canonical 
election to take place, between 
Monday and Thursday, the 
" institution," there can be little 
doubt, was performed in Lismore. 
The chief members of the family 
to which Cellach belonged thus 
accompanied him to Munster. In 
the Liber Angeli, or Book of 
primatial privileges, the ordinary 
retinue is set down as fifty. 
Keceptio archiepiscopi, heredis 
cathedrae meae urbis, cum comiti- 
bus suis, numero quinquaginta 
(Book of Armagh, fol. 206). 

Feidlimid, who belonged to the 
sixth generation from Conn of the 
Hundred Battles (2nd cent. A.D.), 
had amongst his five sons two 
named Bresal and Echaid : epony- 
mous heads of the Ui-Bresail and 
the Ui-Echach, whose respective 
territories were the baronies of 

Oneilland East and Armagh (co. 

Sixteenth in descent from Bresal 
was Cumuscach, great grandson of 
Erudan, who held forcible posses- 
sion of the primatiat eee from 1060 
to 1064 and died in 1074 (supra). 

In the fourth degree from Echaid 
was Sinach, eponymous head of the 
Ui-Sinaich. This was the sept that 
supplied almost all the lay succes- 
sion in Armagh, as appearsf rom the 
following table (Book of Leinster, 
pp.334b, 338c; Book of Ballymote, 
pp. 113-4). The genealogy appears 
defective by comparison with that 
of the Ui-Bresail ; but, for the pre - 
sent purpose, this is immaterial. 

Sixth from Sinach was 
Eochad : 

(1) Mielmnire 

(3) Dubdalei- 
the (1064). 
cach, 1060-64.) 
(2) Amalgaid (1049). 

(4) Mail-Isu (1031). (5) Domnall (1105). 
Aed (1095). (7) Muircertach (1124). 

(8) "Mall (1134). 




Cill-mic-n-enaiti -DO |abail 7>'0 'Chaipcepc fOfi CCe-5, mac 

B50d. Carba[i]]ip 11 "Oomnaill | j a to^ca-o -DO. Caiptel 

CCra-luain T)O "benarn la 'Gaiujroelbac lilla Concobaip. 

^illa-CfiifC, mac Ttlic Uitfiin, roipec Cetiiuil-pepai>- 
^ 015, -DO torca-5 a ci5 a alcpann hi 'Gip-TTlatiac, 1 meCaiU 

Iliall hUa Cpica[i]n, pi hlla-piaepac CCp-oa-ppara, 
DO mapbaT> -o' 

JCat. 1an. 1111. v- I- 3C- *""> CCnno "Oommi TT1. c. xxx." 
Cottnm-cille* co n-a cempall 7 co n-a minnait5 
7>o lovcaf>. Cu-CCippne litlaConcobaifi, jii hlla- 
^ii xoec. CCmlaim,macTTIic 8hena[i]n,pi 
(iT)on, b cocoll plmc 1 ') ; Oen^uf hUa CainT)elba[]n, 
Loegaipe ~j -pocai-oe aile T>O mairitj -DO ruinm la 
Opeipne i 8leiB-5uai|ie. bellum ecep plupu CClban ~j 
Pefiu TTlofieb 1 ro]iciia"Da|i ceirpi c mile VphepaifiTTlofieb, 
im a pi, n)on, Oen^uf, mac 11151 tie Ltilui ; mile imoyifio 
(uel d cencum, qucro efc ue^iuf d ) D'phejiaiB CClban 1 ppic- 
5Uin. 8luaaT> la Concobu^ Mia toclamn 7 la "Cuatf- 
cepz ti-e^enn 1 n-UUxaitJ, 50 porinolfarufi lllai'5 DO 
rabaifir; cara T>oit5. IDeBaip imoftfio -pop llllcaiC, co 
fioldf* a n-dp, im CCeT blla 101115^15, pi "Oal-CCpai-oe 7 
im ^illa-pacfiaic hlla Seppais, pi "Oal-bunroe 7 im 

A.D. 1130. a om., C. b - b r. m., t. h., MS. ; om., C. .1111., MS. " itL, 
t. h., MS. ; onu, C. The two first words are written t.c., which should per- 
haps be read as no, cec or, a hundred, to correspond with the native text. 

Cellach was a layman on his 
accession. Niall died in 1139. 

From the foregoing and the 
notices in the Annals we see that 
the plebilit progenies (the tribe in 
whose territory Armagh stood) 
usurped the position and dis- 
charged by deputy the sacred 
functions of the eccksiastica pro- 
genies (^Book of Armagh, fol/16d). 
Cell-mic-n-Enain. Church of the 

Son ofEnan. Now (by substitution 
of r for ), Kilmacrenan (county 

6 By G 1 Tairchert. The editor of 
the Annals of Loch Ce says (in a note 
ad an.) that " the F. M. have Ua 
Tairchert, which is likely to be cor- 
rect, although the form Tairchert 
occurs also in the Annals of Ulster." 
But he mistook the form do do for 
the preposition do (by). 



by O'Tairchert 6 upon Aedh, son of Cathbarr Ua Domnaill [1129] 
and he was burned by him. The castle of Ath-luain waa 
built by Tairrdelbaeh Ua Conchobair. Gilla-Crist, son of 
Mac Uidhrin, chief of Cenel-Feradhaigh, was burned in 
the house of his fosterer in Tir-Manach, in treachery. - 
NialFUa Crichain, king of the Ui-Fiachrach of Ard- 
sratha, was killed by the Ui-Cennetigh. 

Kalends of Jan. on 4th feria, 18th of the moon, A.IX [H30] 
1130. Sord of Colum-cille with its church and with its 
many relics was burned. Cu-Aiffne Ua Conchobair, king 
of Ui-Failghi, died. Amhlaim, son of Mac Senain, king 
of Gailenga (namely, " "Wet Cowl ") ; Oenghus Ua Cain- 
delbain, king of Loegaire and a number of nobles besides 
fell by the Men of Breifni at Sliabh-Guaire. War 1 between 
the Men of Scotland and the Men of Moray, wherein fell 
four thousand of the Men of Moray, around their king, 
namely, Oenghus, son of the daughter of Lulach 2 ; one thou- 
sand also (or one hundred, which is truer) of the Men of Scot- 
land [fell] in the contest. A hosting by Conchobur UaLoch- V 
lainn and by the North of Ireland into Ulidia, so that the 
Ulidians assembled to give battle to them. Defeat, how- 
ever, is inflicted upon the Ulidians and a slaughter of 
them ensued, around Aedh Ua Loingsigh, king of Dal- 
Araidhe and around Gilla-Patraic Ua Serraigh, king of 

7 Niall. His name terminates the 
genealogy in the Books of Leinster 
(p. 338e) and Ballymote (p. 113e), 
proving that the compilation was 
made daring his life-time. He 
was tenth from Crichan, who was 
likewise the tenth from Colla Uais 
(4th century A.D.) 

1130. * War. Eodem anno 
(septimo), Comes Moraviensis, 

Angusius, apud Strucathrow cum 
gente sua peremptus est. (Forduri, 
Chron. Gent. Scot., v. 33.) In the 
Gesta Annaiia (cap. 1), the place is 
called Strucathroch. It was in For- 
farshire. In the Anglo Saxon 
Chronicle (Cot. Tib. B IV.), the 
slaying of Anagus is given at this 

2 in/or h. Slain in 1058 (supra). 


ccmicctcc uioroTi. 

TTIac 7 im pocaiT>e ajicena. 1nnn.ic 
m tip. co haificen. na hCCn.T>a, eeen. cuaic 7 cill, 
co cucfac mile -DO bpair, uel c paulo plup* 7 ilrtiile 
imonjio T>O t>uail5 7 -DO eacait). ITlaiti imonjio llta-5 im 
a pi$ iap pem co hCCn.T>-TDaca, 1 coin-bail Concoo'aip, co 
n-T>epnpat; pc 7 coniUngi 7 co papgfaT: giatlu. TTleaf 
mofi ceo coficni) co c coircenn 1 n-6[nnn tnte* ipn bliaf>am 


]Cal. 1an. u. p., L xx. ix., CCnno "Domini m. c. xxx. i. 
Citecftua^a-D ta 'Cai^'Detbac hUa Concobuip 7 la 
Coici-5* Chormacc i TTIumain, co fioaifigfet: hlli-Conaill- 
habfia. 8luaaT> la Concottafi hUa m-bpiain 7 la 
ITIuman illai|niI5, co tio^aC a ri-siallu 7 ia[i 

in,5pear 1niptoca-SeimT>i7>e 700 
a maficflua 7 manc]-lua Connacu, co pemai-5 
Conn ace. 

[B 50d ends. b ] 

mip an-o, no 

[B 51 a. 1 ] 

Uucai) ap Loc-8ilen 7 poboi 
hi ip uilbu 7 popuapltnc in eclup naem 7 pa pacpaic 
he 7 pomapbaiT) na coimeT>ai5i poba-oup ic a coimeT). 
"Oopup rempaill "Oaipe -DO tenam la comapba Coltnm- 

* om., C. 

A.D. 1181. .u.m,M3. 

b A chasm occurs in the MS. (B), up to end of A.D. 1155. 

1 On the upper margin, a modern ( 1 7th century) hand wrote : " Fower 
leaves are wanting before this." That is the number of the lost folios. 

1131. 1 Connacht. The missing 
years up to and including portion of 
1138 are in great part the same, it 
is safe to conclude, as those in the 
AnnaltofLoch Ce. Thenceforward 
(the Annals of Loch Ce being blank 
tj 1169 inclusive) the entries, though 

unrecognisable at present, were, there 
can be no doubt, embodied in the 
main by the Four Masters. 

2 Mael-Itu Given in C and (in 
almost the same words) in the 
Annals of Loch Ce. 

1132. ' The house This imperfect 



Dal-Buiude and around Dubhrailbhe Mac Cairtin and 11130] 
around a multitude besides. Moreover, they pillage the 
country as far as the East of the Ard, both secular and 
church land, 2 so that they took away a thousand captives, 
or a little more, and likewise many thousands of cows 
and of horses. The nobles of Ulidia also [went] after 
that with their king to Ard-Macha, iato the assembly-of 
Conchobhar, so that they made peace and co-swearing and 
left pledges. Great crop of every produce generally in 
all Ireland in this year. 

Kalends of Jan. on 5th feria, 29th of the moon, A<D. [1131J 

1131. A foray -hosting by Tairrdelbach Ua Concobuir 
and by the Fifth of Connacht into Munster, so that they 
harried (Ji-Conaill-Ghabra. A hosting by Conchobhar 
Ua Briain and by the Men of Munster into Leinster, so 
that he received their pledges and after that [he went] 
into Meath, so that they harried the Island of Loch- 
Semhdide and their horse-host and the horse-host of Con- 
nacht met and defeat was inflicted upon the horse-host of 
Connacht. 1 

(Mael-Isu 2 O'Foglada, episcopus Cassil, in senectute 
bona quievit.) 

(Kalends of Jan. on 6th feria, 10th of the moon, A.D. [1132 Bis.] 

1132. The house 1 [of the abbess] of Kildare was made 
(recte, seized) by the Kenselaghs . . .) 


[Kalends of Jan. on 7th feria, 24th of the moon, A.D. [U55] 

[Tigernan 1 Ua Ruairc took Donnchadh Ua Cerbaill, 
lord of Oirghialla, prisoner, after Donnchadh had gone 

entry is given in C. (The luni-solar 
notation 13 in Latin.) The remainder' 
which is contained in the Annals of 
Loch Ce, states that the church was 

burned, that a large number were 
slain and that the abbess was violated. 
1155. 1 Tigernan - Cenannus, 
Taken from the Four Masters. 


ccfiMcclcc ulxroli. 

cille, i*oon, ta plairbeprac blla bpolca[i]n. CCmtaim 
TTlac Canai (muipe* Ceniuil-[0]en5upa a ), ruip 5aifc*6 
7 beofcacra Cennnl-eoj;ain uile, moprutujf 1 e^r. 

leal- 1an. i. p., t. u., CCrmo *Oomini 171 c. U ui. 
aiftfn>eU>a bUa Concobuip, aip7>pi Conn ace, ruin, 
opt>ain 7 otpe5a[i]f O^ienn into ap ^aifce^ 7 aftnacul 
pec 7 maine T>O laecaiG 7 T>O cteificilj, m pace quietnc. 
SluasaT* la TThnncenrac blla Loctamn 1 n-UltraiC, co 
cue bpai^-oi VT-1 c( peiyi. Octif if po]i an f tua^a-o fin T>ano 
fiomafibai* blla b1n[n]emi pop. i^ceinile'D. CCer> hUa : 
Cananna^]n, fii Cennnt-Conuill, -no mafiba-5 La bUa 
Carajyjn 7 la pefiaiC na Cn,aiBe. 8lua5aT> aile*T)ano la 
hlla Laclam-Q co n-"0eifcepc ni-bpej, co rue 
Lai^en lilac lllnnca^a Cdf cenn a Coici"D 

iayi fein CenBl-n-Gogain 7 OCtfi^aliti i n- 
co fiiii&XTDUfi Cla]i "Dhaipe-rnoin., co ran5aT)Ufi 
Offiaii In ree bill Laclainn. TTleapp mop ipn 
blia-bam fi po e^iinn uile- 1loi m-bliai)na o'n riiej-mop 
aib a gufan blif>ain p. 

]Cal. 1an. 111. -p., I. cc. ui., CCnno "Oomini 111." c. L un. 
^illa-paupaic ITlac Canpai, aipcinnec Copcaip, m 
Cbpipro quieuic. Cu-Ula-5 bUa CaniT)elba[\]n T>O map- 
bat* 1 mebail la "Oonncaf, mac "Oomnailt pucai-o bUi 
tllael-8eclainn, rap fapuluf) comapbaparpaic 7 baclu 

A.D. 1155. 1. m.,t h , MS. This year om., C. 
A.D. 115C. .11., Ma b.u.m., MS. 

2 Ua Brokhain. See the exhaus- 
tive note, Adamnan, p. 405-G. 

3 Steward. (muire). Lord (tiyh- 
erna,), F. M. 

1156. J Tower (/. The F. M. 
hange tuir into tulle (flood). 

3 Nine yean At 1147 the F.-3I. 
record, very likely from the missing 
portion of these Annals, a great crop 
throughout Ireland. 

1157. 1 Who thereby dishonoured. 
Literally (lit., beyond) profanation of 
(thesuccessor,etc.). "Inspightof,"C. 

Ua Caindclbain (CTQuinlan) was 
chief of the Ui-Laeghaire (so 
called from Laeghaire, the contem- 
porary of St. Patrick), whose 
territory comprised the baronies 
of Upper and Lower Navan, co. 
Meath. Accordingto Mageoghegan, 



to meet him with a small force to Cenannus.] He was [1155] 
carried upon [an island of] Loch-Sighlen and was a fort- 
night above a month therein, or something more and holy 
church and the favour of Patrick freed him and the guards 
that were guarding him were killed. The door of the 
church of Daire was made by the successor of Colum-cille, 
namely, by Flaithbertach Ua Brolchain. 2 Amlaim Mac 
Canai (steward 3 of Cenel-[0]engusa), tower of the 
championship and activity of all Cenel-Eogain, died. 

Kalends of Jan. on 1st feria, 5th of the moon, A.D. 1156. LH56Bis.] 
Tairrdelbach Ua Conchobuir, archking of Connacht, tower 1 
of the splendour and of the principality of all Ire- 
land for prowess and bestowal of treasures and of wealth 
to laics and to clerics, rested in peace. A hosting by 
Muircertach Ua Lochlainn into Ulidia, so that he took 
away pledges to his choice. And it is upon that hosting 
also Ua Inneirghi was killed on a surprise party. Aedh 
Ua Canannain, king of Cenel-Conaill, was killed by Ua 
Cathain and by the Men of the Craibh. Another hosting ,\ 

also by Muircertach Ua Lachlainn^o the South of Bregha, ^"' 
so that he took away the hostages of Leinster from [Diar- 
mait] Mac Murchadha in return for [giving to Diarrnait] 
the whole province. After that the Cenel-Eogain and the 
Airghialla went into Ossory, until they reached the Plain of 
Daire-mor, so that the nobles of Ossory came into the house 
of Ua Lachlainn.' Great crop in this year throughout all 
Ireland. Nine 2 years from the other great crop to this year. 

Kalends of Jan. on 3rd feria, 16th of the moon, A.D, [1157] 
1157. Gilla-Patraic Mac Carrthaigh, herenagh of Cork, 
rested in Christ. Cu-Uladh Ua Caindelbain was killed in 
treachery by Donnchadh, son of Domnall Ua Mael-Sech-fcw^s 
nnaehli Merry, who thereby dishonoured l the successor 

he "was unhappilly and treacher- I nell [son of Domnall] O'Melaugh- 
ously killed by Donogh mac Don- I lyn, King of Meath : having 


cmnotcc ulccoti. 

1ppi 7 TTlic LactaiiiTj co maiciC in T3uaipce[i]pc. 
"Oaiin-im'v co n-a cemptuit) *oo lopcuu Comapba 
pacpaic (ITJOII,* aip-oeppcop epenn 1 ) -DO coipecpa-o 
rempaill na manac 1 pa-5nu[i]pi cleipec n-Gpenn, 1-oon, 
Boib. m Leglaic 7 U[i] Opein 7 ^penne 7 na n-eppcop apcena 
71 pia-Dnu[i]pe laec n-inroa, im htla LaclainT), ITKNI, im 
^15 Gpenn 7 "Oonnca-5 liUa CepbailL 7 Ti^epnan 1 hUa 
Huaipc. "OopaT) oaiio TTluipceprac liUa Loclainn occ b 
picciu bo 7 cpi piece ungai -o'op -oo'n CoimT>i 7 -DO na 
~i..i5 "Oopac T>ano baile ic "Dpocac-aca "DO na 
5, IT>OII, pinnat>aip-na-n-iii5ean. Ocup cpi piac 
o'op o hUa Cepbaill 7 rpi picic c unga[i] aib d o 
ingm hUi maiL-8eclamn, otnnai "Cisepnam hUi Ruaipc. 
Hobepcoiccennai|,e'D T>ano "Do'n cup pn o ruaic 7 o 
eclaip m c-iii5pinnr;iT)[] matlaccac 
comapba paqunc 7 Oacall 1ppu 7 cleipciu 
apcena : iDon, "Oonnca-5 liUa 1Tlael-8ectainn.- 
ta 1Tluipce]icac hUa tactainn co T3uaipcepu Gpenn i 

A.D. 1157. x T^igeixnam, MS. itl., t. h., B. ; given in C. b .11111., MS. 
c .xx., MS. d .ii., MS. 

sworne to each other before by the 
ensewing oathes to be true to one 
another, without effusion of blood 
(for performance of which oathes 
the primatt of Ardmach was bound, 
the Pope's Legatt, Grenon, arch- 
bushopp of Dublyu, the abbot of 
the monkes of Ireland [Ua Brol- 
chain]) : the coworb [successor] of 
St. Queran [of Clonmacnoiee] with 
his oaths [=minna, relics], the 
Staff, or Bachall, of Jesus, the 
co warb of St. Feichyn [of Fore, do. 
AVestmeath] with his oaths, the 
oaths [relics] of St. Columb-kill. 
These oaths and sureties were 
taken before King Mortagh [Mao 

Lochlainn], Donnogh O'Kervall 
king of Uriell, Tyernan O'Royrck, 
king of the Brenie and Dennott 
Mac Morrogh, king of Lynster 
and the principailest of Meath and 
Teaffa also. And if there were no 
such oaths or securities, it was a 
wicked act to kill such a noble- 
hearted n>an without cause." 

9 In presence of. The F. Jf. may be 
pardoned for calling this a Synodal 
Assembly; but the same excuse 
cannot be pleaded for Colgan, who 
gravely sets it down a* a Synodal 
Convention ( Conreniut Synodalii) for 
consecrating the Basilica of the Mon- 
astery (AA. SS., p. 665) ! (To come- 



of Patrick and the Staff of Jesus and Mac Lachlainn, along t 115 ?] 
with the nobles of the North. Daimh-inis with itschurches 
was burned. The successor of Patrick (namely, the arch- 
bishop of Ireland) consecrated the church of the Monks 
[of Mellifont, near Drogheda], in presence of 2 the clergy of 
Ireland, that is, of the Legate 3 and of Ua Osein and of 
Grenne and of the other bishops and in presence of many 
of the laity, around Ua Lachlainn, that is, around the king 
of Ireland and Donnchadh Ua Cerbaill and Tigernan Ua 
Ruairc. Moreover, Muircertach Ua Lochlainn gave eight 4 
score cows and three score ounces of gold to the Lord and 
to the clergy. He gave also a townland at !Qrochait-atha 
to the clergy, namely, Finnabhair-na-ningen. And three 
score ounces of gold [were given] "Try" Ua Cerbaill 
and three score ounces more by the daughter of Ua 
Mael-Sechlainn, [namely] by the wife of Tigernan 
Ua Ruairc. On that occasion also was excommu- 
nicated by laity and by clergy the persecutor accursed, 
that dishonoured the successor of Patrick and the 
Staff of Jesus and the clergy of Ireland besides, namely, 
Donnchadh 5 Ua Mael-Sechlainn. A hosting by Muir- 
certach Ua Lachlainn along with the North of Ireland into 

crate is omitted in O'Donovan's 

The -wonder is to find Lanigan 
(E. H. iv. 164) led astray thereby. 
He adds however : " This synod, 
or assembly, was held for the mere 
object of consecrating a church ; 
and in fact very little more seems 
to have been done by it" (p. 

3 The Legate Christian Ua Con- 
doirche, bishop of Lismore. The F. 
M. omit his name, and also those of 
Ua Osein (archbishop of Tuam) and 
of Grenue (archbishop of Dublin). 

The omission is accordingly re- 
peated in the hitherto published 
accounts of the transaction. 

O'Donovan (p. 1126) gives the 
reading of C. as ''the Legat Ui 
Conorchi and the bishops also." But 
it is : " the Legat, U Osen.Grene and 
the bishops also." 

4 Eight. The F. M. give seven 
(score) : whence Colgan has centum 
et quadrayinta (loc. cit.). 

5 Donnchadh. His offence is stated 
in the second entry of this year. 

According to Mageoghegan, "the 



frwicclcc ulcroti. 

B 51c 

ITIumain, co fansaoup -paicti Ltnmm's 7 co 
maici TTIuman im a piait> i ceac hlli Laclaiiro 7 co 
a m-bpaigci aicce. 

]CaU1an. 1111. p.,Lxx. un., CCn no "Domini Hl. c. Uutii.* 
"Domnall hUa Longapsafijn, ap7>eppcop TTluman, m 
Chpipcoquieuic. Slua^a'O'oanolahtlaLaclain'o hi "Gip- 
Conaill, co pomill panaic "DO leip,. Senoi) T>O cinol la 
comafiba parp.aic 7 la cletpcib Gpenn ifin bfii-mic- 
pabaT>u]i coic* epfcoip pcec, T>O en.ail 
7 yx)Cepa an. cac 1 coiccenn. 1f -oo'n cuf\ fin 
cleipig Gpenn, im Chomapba pacpaic 7 im 
[m] Lejaic, cacaip, -DO comafiba Coluim-cille, iT>on, -DO 
phlairbeficac hlla bjiolca[i]n, amal gac n-eppcop 7 
ajvo-ab-oaine cell Coluim-cille po Gpinn uile co coiccenn. 

1an. u. p., L uc., CCnno "Oomim 171. c. U ix. 
, mac "Caifij; hUi TTIailfiuanai|, mopcuup epc. 
8lua5aT* la TTluipcepcac hUa Loclainn a TTIi^e, co 
papsaiB "Oonnca-D lilla TTlail-Seclainri 1 lanpjj^JTIn>e> 
o hinamii co paippp. a Slo^a-D la TTluipcepcac hUa 
Loclainn co maiciB Cheineil-Gosain 1 poip.iT>in CCippall 
co hCCc-phip'oea'D. "Canga-oup | imoppo Connacca 7 
Conrriaicne 7 U[i]-bphnn T>O leip 7 cac mop T>O TTluim- 
necaiC conicce CCc-na-Caipbepna, T>O cabaipc caca T>oiC. 
Cenel-n -60501 n 7 CCippallu im hUa 

A.D. llflS. .u. epp.ocx., MS. 
A.D. 115y. "om., C. 

whole kingdome and gOTernment 
[were] given to his brother Der-~ 
mott, as more vorthy thereof.'' 
See 1159, note 1 (infra). 

1158. 1 Aho.lh&t is, as well as 
into Monster, the incursion into 

which is the last item of the pre- 
ceding year. 

2 The Legate. Not mentioned by 
the Four Matters. 

3 Chair. That is, he was made 
either a mitred abbot, or a bishop with- 



Munster, until they reach. the Green of Limerick and the 
nobles of Munster around their kings came into the house 
of Ua Lachlainn and left their pledges with him. 


Kalends of Jan. on 4th feria, 27th of the moon, A.U. [1158] 
11 8. Domnall Ua Longargain, archbishop of Munster, 
rested in Christ. A hosting by Ua Lachlainn into Tir- 
Conaill also, 1 so that he wasted Fanat entirely. A Synod 
was assembled by the successor of Patrick and by the 
clergy of Ireland at the Hill of Mac Taidhg, wherein were 
five [and] twenty bishops, to enjoin rule and good conduct 
upon every one in common. It is on that occasion the 
clergy of Ireland, along with the successor of Patrick and 
along with the Legate, 2 appointed a Chair 3 for the successor 
of Colum-cille, that is, for Flaithbertach Ua Brolchain, the 
same as [for] every bishop, and the arch-abbacy in general 
of the churches of Colum-cille throughout all Ireland. 

Kalends of Jan. on 5th feria, 9th of the moon, A.D. 1159. [1159] 
Diarmait, son of 'Tadhg Ua Maelruanaigh, died. A 
hosting by Muircertach Ua Lachlainn 1 into Meath, so that 
he left Donnchadh Ua Mael-Sechlainn in full kingship of 
Meath, from [the river] Shannon to sea. A hosting by 
Muircertach Ua Lachlainn along with the nobles of Cenel- 
Eogain to Ath-Fhirdeadh in aid of the Airghialla. How- 
beit, the Connachtmen and the Conmaicni and all the 
Ui-Briuin and a large battalion of Munstermen came as 
far as Ath-na-caisberna to give battle to them. On the 
other side, the Cenel-Eogain and Airgialla under Ua 

out jurisdiction (more probably the 
former). See 1173, note 1 ; 1247, 
note 2 (infra). 

1159. * Ua Lachlainn. He was 
the principal of those by whom 

Donnchadh had been deposed in 
favour of his brother, Dermot, 
after the excommunication pro- 
nounced in 1157 ! 


cciiticclcc uloroti 

loclainn pop amup in CCca cecna. TYlaifcip cpa pop 
ConnaccaiC 7 pop Conmaicne 7 pop Ua-bpiuin, amal 
pobatup inle, iT>on,pe b cara mopa -001 15 7 laic na r>d cere 
aile c a n-T>epj;dp: i-oon, dpConnacc, im ^illa-Cpipr;, mac 
"Oiapma-oa, mic TXM-OS 7 im TTluipcepcac, mac T3aiT>5 7 
mac "Oomnaill hlli phlaicbepcai^, iT>on, mac pi 
Clionnacc 7 Ofiian ITlainec, mac ConcotJaifi, mic 
j; 7 Mia mam>aca[i]n (iT>on, d TT1uifie-bac d ), 
|ii htla-bjinnn na Sinna 7 b)ianan, mac ^illa-Cfiifc 
TTlic bpana[i]n, 1-0011, pi Cofico-CCcLann 7 mac phinna[i]n 
hlli 8it5len,f blla-n-ecac THuai-oe 7 aln mulri nobitep ; 
7 dja hlla-m-bfii'uin, im mac Ti5epna[i]n hlli 
Cumfiafijn 7 im mac ^illa-phinnen ll[i] Rocaij 7 mac 
8uibne lilli hala[i]n 7 Tllac Conbuii>e lilli "Chopma- 
oa[i]n 7 mac CCet>a na n-amup, ainpi Conmaicne, 7 U[a] 
T)onncaT>a 7 pinnbafifi, mac 0[i] ^lienuf>UT), 
roipecTTIuinnT:epi-5e]iU'Da[i]n. Octif'-opem mop. -00171 uim- 
necait>, im rnac ^illa-Ciapa[i]n hUi Cennecig. Ocu|- e 
TTlac na haiTici hlla Cepnaca[i]n T>O mapba-o ap 
namapac pop cpeic. Ocup cucpa-oup Cen el- n -60501 n 
bopoma n--oiaipmii)e -oo'n cpeic pin 7 repnarup imoppo 
Cenel-n -60501 n co copcap mop -oia ^151^ iap pein. 
Slua^a-o la TTluipcepcac hlla taclainn co Ceniul-n- 

b .ui., MS. C .H., MS. d d itl., t. h., B. ; om., C. Gc (the Latin equiva- 
lent used as a contraction), MS. 

slaughtered. '' But the list of the 
slain, which does not include a 
single Ulster name, places the 
meaning beyond doubt. 

8 Brian Mainech, So called from 
having been fostered in Ui-Maine 
(the O'Kellys" country in cos. Galway 
and Koscommon). 

6 Many other nobles. The com- 
piler overlooked the fact that the 
context required the accusative, 
not the nominative. 

. Th&tia,Ath-na-caisbcrna; 
in the neighbourhood of Ardee 
(Ath-Fhirdeadh), co. Louth. 

3 The two other battalions. Name- 
ly, of the Cenel-Eogain and of the 

4 Upon them. Literally, their 
(atari: tlavghter) ; the possessive 
being used objectively. O'Donovan 
(F. M. ii. 1135) translates I ait na 
dd cath ailea n-dergdrby "the two 
other battalions -were dreadfully 


Lachlainn advanced to attack the same Ford. 2 But defeat [115S] 
is inflicted upon the Connachtmen and upon the Conmaicni 
and upon the Ui-Briuin, as they were [in] all, namely, six 
large battalions of them and the two other battalions 3 inflict 
stark slaughter upon them 4 : to wit, slaughter of Connacht- 
men, around Gilla-Crist, son of Diarmaid, son of Tadhg [Mac 
Diarmata] and around Muircertach, son of Tadhg [Mac 
Diarmata] and the son of Domnall Ua Flaithbertaigh, that 
is, the son of the king of the west of Connacht, and Brian 
Mainech, 5 son of Conchobhar, eon of Toirrdhelbach [Ua 
Conchobair] and Ua Mandachain (namely, Muiredhach), 
king of Ui-Briuin-na-Sinna and Branan, son of Gilla- 
Crist Mac Branain, that is, king of Corco-Achlann and 
the son of Finnan Ua Sibhlen, king of the Ui-Echach of 
Muaidh; and many other nobles 6 [were slain]; and slaughter 
of the Ui-Briuin, around the son of Tigernan Ua Cumrain 
and around the son of Gilla-Finnen 7 Ua Rothaigh and the 
son of SuibneUaGalain and the son of Cu-buidhe 8 UaTorma- 
dain and the son of Aedh " of the onsets," sub-king [?] of 
Conmaicni.andUaDonnchadha and Finnbharr, son of Finn- 
bharrUa Gerudhain, 9 chief cf Muinnter-Gerudhain. And a 
large force of Munstermen [was slain], around the son of 
Gilla-Ciarain Ua Cennetigh. And " Son' of the Night " 10 Ua 
Cernachain was killed on the morrow on a foray. And the 
Cenel-Eogain took away countless cattle-spoil on that foray. 
And the Cenel-Eogain returned indeed with great triumph 
to their homes after that. A hosting by Muircertach Ua 
Lachlainn with the Cenel-Eogain and with the Airgialla 
and the Ulidians and Cenel-Conaill into Connacht, so that 

7 Gilla-Finnen. Devotee of [St.] 
Finnian (of Clonard, co. Meath). 

8 Cu-buidhe Literally, cants flat-its. 

9 Gerudhain. Gerudan,C. ; Geru- 
'dhud, B. 

10 ' ' Son of the Night. " - So called, 
perhaps, from the many nocturnal 
raids in which he took part. 


ccwicclcc uloroti. 


60501 n 7 co n-CCip5iallait> 7 UllcaiB 7 Ceniul-Conaill 
i Connaccait), co poloipcec "Dun-mop 7 "Oun-CiapaiT>i 7 
T)un-na-ii-5H 7 co ponnllpet; mop -oo'n rip apcena, co 
popoifec lap fin *oia rip, cen fir, cen giallu. Ocuf if 
oo'n cup. fin rucpac leo liUa ^cnlmpe-oais 7 Cenel- 
TDaien. !Tlael-THuipe liUa loingfis, epfcop tiifriioip, 
fuam uicam felicicep pinitnc. TDupcaf* bUa Huaf>a- 
ca[i]n, pi CCiprep, mopruup epr. "Cpi lilli !TlaelT)opai-5 
DO mapba-o la hlla CanannaMn hi meaHail- 

]Cal. 1an. in. f., 1. acx., CCnno "Oomini tll. c. la;.* 
T)onncaT> lilta Tllael-Seclainn, pi 1Thf>e, -DO mapbat) -DO 
macmtj htli plnn-Dalla[i]n 1 meCail- hUa CanannaMn, 
pi Cemuil-Conmll, -DO mapbcro la Cenel-Cotiaillpa-5ein, 
iDon, rec T>O IOI^CU-D | -o'lta baiill paip. plaicbeprac 
hUa Carufai|, pi Saicne [T>O ec]. pmn hUa^opma[i]n, 
epfcopCille-T)apa, abb nianaclCaip-Cmnrpacca fpi pe, 
a-o Cbpifcum mi^pauic- bpo-oup, mac "Copcaill, pi 
CCca-cbac, DO mapba-5 -DO T)eifcept: bpe|. niai-om 
1T)ai5i-tu5ai) pia Cen el-n -6050111 "Colca-oac fop hlla n- 
^ailmpe-5ai5 7 fop "Oonmall hUa Cpica[i]n 7 fop Ua 
piacpac, co pomapbaf -openi mop -oiti. Ocup if 7>o'n 
cup fin T)0pocaip co neinicincac Illuipceprac hUa Meill 
La toclann blla taclamn, coropcaip lap fin loclann i 
n-a -Di^ail la mac hlli lleill. Sluasa-D la TT1 ui pcepcac 
hUa Loclamn co Ceniul-eogain 7 co n-CCip^iallaiC, co 

A.D. 1160. Cmncp.accaom., C. k The order of this and of the following 
aentence is improperly reversed in C. 

11 Gained over to them. Literally, 
took with them. " Won," C. That 
is, succeeded in getting O'Gormley ' 
and his clan to become their allies. 
How short-lived was the alliance, is 
shown in the two concluding entries 
of the following year. 

12 Jfatl-Muire. Detotct of Mary. 

11(10. l South of ' reyha.1be 
entry in the Four Masters states 
that he was slain by Maelcron Mac 
Gilla-Seachnaill (who was probably 
the brother of Domnall, lord of 

2 Dishonouring. The specific ct 
is not stated. 


they burned Dun-mor and Dun-Ciaraidhi and Dun-na- [H59] 
n Grail and wasted much of the land besides, until they 
returned to their own country after that, without peace, 
without pledges. And it is on that occasion they gained 
over to them 11 Ua Gailmredhaigh and the Cenel-Maien. 
Mael-Muire 12 Ua Loingsigh, bishop of Lis-mor, felicitously 
finished his life. Murchadh TJa Ruadhacain, king of the 
Airthir, died. Three Ui-Maeldoraidh were killed by Ua 
Canannain in treachery. 

Kalends of Jan. on 6th feria, 20th of the moon, A.D. [1160 Bis.] 
1160. Donnchadh Ua Mael-Sechlainn, king of Meath, 
was killed by the sons of Ua Findallain [lord of 
Delbna-mor] in treachery. Ua Oanannain, king of 
Cenel-Conaill, was killed by the Cenel-Conaill them- 
selves, namely, a house was burned by Ua Baighill 
upon him. Flaithbertach Ua Cathusaigh, king of 
Saitni, died. Finn Ua Gormain, bishop of Cell-dara, 
abbot of the monks of Ibhar-CinntrachtaJor a^lpng] time, 
passed to Christ." Brodur, son of Torcall, king of Ath- 
cliath, was killed by the South of Bregha. 1 The defeat of 
Magh-Lugbad [was inflicted] by the Cenel-Eogain of 
Telach-oc upon Ua Gailmredhaigh and upon Domnall Ua 
Cricain and upon the Ui-Fiacrach, so that a large party of 
them were killed. And it is on that occasion Muircertach 
Ua Neillfell innocently [i.e., undesignedly] by Lochlann Ua 
Lachlainn, [but] so that in revenge of him Lochlann fell 
afterwards by the son of Ua Neill. A hosting by Muir- 
certach Ua Lachlainn along with the Cenel-Eogain and the 
Airgialla, until they came to Magh-dula, to expel Ua 

3 Oaths. Literally, relics. From 
being employed to swear upon 
relics, evangelisteria, missals, 
rituals, croziers, and similar objects 

of veneration came to have the 
secondary meaning of oaths. (Cf . 
The Sfowe Missal, Tr. R. I. A., 
xxvii, 174-5.) 



ccmicclcc ulcroTi. 

pango-oup TTla5-n-T>ula TX> innapbtro hUi 
CCcpocaip cpa hUa Saipmlegai-o 1 mebail ta "Oonmall 
V hlla THaelpuanai|, aft ejiail hUi loclainn, iap papusu-o 
cleipec n-epenn 7 a tfiin-o T>6. Ocup pucar> a cenn co 
hCCp'o-TDaca i n-einec pacpaic 7 Coluim-cilte. 

1an. 1. p., L i., CCnno TDomini TT1. c. lx. i. Ua 
, afiT)-epfcop Connacc, aT> Chfiifrunn nugfiauii: 
Cuai]at: On^a'S 1 T>0 "Senam la coma|iba Coluim-cille, 
iT)on, ta plaicbepcac hUa bfiolca[i]n : iT>on, fecc* pac b 
oarti; ace a^ e a piac potaiT>beT> ann, i-oon, pce b 7 
ceqii cerf um^e -D'afiguc git : it>on, Cfii buinge i n-gac 
oam. ^PPT 1011 ^ hU a Raallai5 -DO majiba-D, 
ta TTluificeprac blla LocLainn bt 'Citi-T 

T>a|i Comtifi Ctuana-Goir, a|i puc an ripe, co 
"Cigepnan a lonspopx T)oiB- CCppein co"CippaiT:- 
TYlefpa[i]n. CCippattu 7 UtaiT) conice fein cucai,7 TTlac 
Tnupcafa co LaisniB 7 car -DO fallal B, co n-T>eoca7>ap, 
uite 1 mai-'Cet5a. 1 Tami^ -oano hUa Concobuip rap. 
SinairiT) aniap 7 T>opaT: bpaigDe T)'U[a] Loctamn 7 T)ano 
cue bUa toclainn a coige-D com Ian T>6foni. Tec T>O 
gabail *oo Choral 2 bUa Ra^allaig pop TTIael-Seclamn 
bUa Ruaipc pop lap 8ldme, co pomapbaf* ann TTluip- 
ceprac bUa Ceallai, pi bfe, co n-T)peim -DO ifiaicif) 
B 52a ime. | TTepnai imoppo TTlael-Seclainn app. Iriiap bUa 
hlnnpeccai^, aipcinnec TTlucnoma 7 pi bUa-TDeirppi pe, 
DO ec. Sluaa-o aile la bllaLoclamn hi TT)i'5e, 1 com- 

A.D. 1161. 
.cccc., MS. 

Tx;n?. MS. 2 ^hccrcal, MS. m .011., M.S. .XX M 


4 In reparation to. Literally, i 
reparation of. 

1161. * Ua hOissttn. Called Aed 
(Hugh) in the Annaleof Innitfallen- 
'm which his death is entered under 
the previous year. 

2 Pure. Literally, white. 

3 For. Literally, in. 

* Killed. At Kells, by Mael- 
Sechlainn O'Ruairc according to the 
Four Masters. The reprisal made by 


Gairmleghaidh [from Cenel-Moain], But Ua Gairmleg- \11GQ] 
haidh fell in treachery by Domnall Fa Maelruanaigh, by 
direction of Ua Lochlainn, after the dishonouring' 2 of the */ 
clergy of Ireland and of his oaths 3 by him. And his [///., 
the] head was carried to Ard-Macha, in reparation to 4 
[SS.] Patrick and Colum-cille. 

Kalends of Jan. on 1st feria, 1st of the moon, A.D. 11(U. [1161] 
Fa hOissein, 1 archbishop of Connacht, passed to Christ. 
The circuit of Ossory was made by the successor of Colum- 
cille, namely, by Flaithbertach TJa Brolcha[i]n : that is, 
seven score oxen [were given] : but it is their value that 
was presented there,. namely, four hundred and twenty 
ounces of pure 2 silver : to wit, three ounces for 3 every ox- 
Goeffrey Fa Raghallaigh [lord of Breifni] was 
killed. 4 A hosting by Muircertach Fa Lochlainn into 
Tir-Briuin : the way 5 they went [was] past the Confluence 
of Cluain-Eois, through the length of the country, until 
Tigernan [Fa Ruairc] abandoned his camp to them. 
From that to the Well of Messan. The Airgialla 
and Flidians [came] to that place to him and Mac 
Murchadha with the Leinstermen and a battalion of 
Foreigners [came], so that they all went into the Plain of 
Tethbha. Then Fa Conchobuir came from the west, across 
the Shannon and gave pledges to Fa Lochlainn and there- 
upon Fa Lochlainn gave his entire Fifth [i.e. Province] to 
him. A house was seized by Cathal Fa Raghallaigh 
upon Mael-Sechlainn Fa Ruairc in the centre of Slane, 
so that Muircertach Fa Ceallaigh, king of Bregha, was 
killed there, with a party of nobles around him. Mael- 
Sechlainn, however, escaped therefrom. Imhar Fa 
Innrechtaigh, herenagh of Mucnom and king of Fi-Meith 
for a [long] time, died. Another hosting 6 by Fa Lochlainn 

Cathal, son of Geoffrey, is told in the 
next entry but one. 

5 The way. Literally, It is [the 
way]. The object was to em- 

phasize the openness of the route ; 
no opposition being dreaded. 

6 Another hosting. The first is 
mentioned in the third item of this 


cctinoctcc uloroli. 



nail pep n-6penn erep loecu 7 cleipciu, co hCCc-na- 
oaipbpige, co pogaC a m-bpai&oe uili. 1p Wn cup pin 
popaepaic cealla Coluim-cille i TDi-oe 7 1 Laigniu la 
comapba Coluim-cille, 1*0011, la plaicbepcac htla bpol- 
ca[i]n 7 cucaT) T>O a cam 7 a pmacc, uaip pobx>ap 7>oepa 

|Cal. 1an. 11. ?., I. xii., CCnno "Domini 171. c. la:. 11." 

( ']]] d]'T.;;;. IM r,p;i o cetnpltlttil T)(H[K TX> TOIUIfll Ul 

comapba Coluim-cille (iDon,* plaicbepcac*) 7 la pi 
Gpenn, n)on, la TTIuipcepcac hlla Loclamn; *DU m poco- 
gbai) occmo^a b cai^i, no ni ip uilliu. Ocup T>enam caipil 
m eplaip la comapba Coluim-cille beop 7 mallacc ap 
mci cic-pa caipip -oogpep. 1mblec-iCaip co n-a cempall 
DO lofcu'5. 8ena^ cleipec n-Gpenn, im comapba 
pacpaic, iDon, mi ^illa TTlac Liac, | mjic RuaiTipi, ic 
CloenaT), 1 ippabacup 2 pe c eppuic pcec, c co n-ab[b]a- 
T>ait5 inroaiC, ic epail piagla 7 pobepa. Ocup ip c DO'II 
cup pm f poem 11 pec cleipic Openn gpata ap-oeppuic 
Gpenn T)O comapba pacpaic, amail poboi piam 7 na 
baft peplei^mT) 3 i cill 1 n-6pmn nec g acc g "oalca CCipT)- 
TTlaca. Sloga-o la TTIuipcepcac hUa Loclamn co n- 
epmop Leici Cumn co nia^-picapca, 4 co pabaciip 2 pecc- 

A.D. 1162. ^lae-, A. 2 T>UIO, B. 3 ginn.B. * P'oayi-oa, B. -Lm. 
t. h., MS. ; om., C. b .Ixxx., MS. c-c. ui . .ix., A,B. < 1 -* 1 co na n-abcroaiG 
with their abbots, A. e om.,A. ' cuyi, B. ''mnecnabu the one vho should 
not be, B. 

year. As the result of these two 
expeditions, O'Conor culled himself 
king of Ireland. 

7 St-bject. That is, to assessment 
by the respective temporal lords. 

1162. 1 Centre. Fn>m this account 
it can be inferred that the churches 
of Deny stood in proximity. On 
the removal of the adjacent houses, a 
circular wall was built, to mark off 

the space thus acquired as one to 
which the right of asylum attached. 
(Cf. the Collectio Canonum Hib*r- 
nentis, xxvm.De civitatibus refupii; 
XLIV. 2 : De debito termino circa 
omnem locum sanctum.) The .Four 
Matters change churches into church, 
being followed in the error by Colgan 
(TV. Th., p. 505). 

* Come orer if. That is, violate the 



into Meath, into an assembly of the Men of Ireland, both 
laics and clerics, at Ath-na-Dairbrighe, so that he received 
the pledges of them all. It is on that occasion the churches 
of Colum-cille in Meath and Leinster were freed by the 
successor of Colum-cille, namely, by Flaithbertach Ua 
Brolcha[i]n, and their tribute and jurisdiction were given 
to him, for they were subject 7 before that. 

Kalends of Jan. on 2nd feria, 12th of the moon, A.D. 1162. 
Total separation of the houses from the churches of Daire 
was made by the successor of Colum-cille (namely, Flaith- 
bertach) and by the king of Ireland, that is, by Muircer- 
tach Ua Lochlainn ; where were^deni olished eighty houses, 
or something more. And the sbne~wall of the Centre 1 
was likewise built by the successor of Colum-cille and 
malediction [pronounced] upon him who should come over 
it 2 for ever. Imblech-ibhair with its church was burned. 
A Synod of the clergy of Ireland [was held] around the 
successor of Patrick, to wit, around Gilla Mac Liach, son of 
Ruaidhri,- at Cloenad, wherein were six [and] twenty 
bishops, with many abbots, enjoining rule and good conduct. 
And it is on that occasion the clergy of Ireland assigned 3 
the Orders of archbishop cf Ireland to the successor of 
Patrick, as it was before 3 and that no one should be 
lector in a church in Ireland, except an alumnus of Ard- 
Macha, A hosting by Muircertach Ua Lochlainn along 
with verylarge portion of the Half of Conn to Magh- 
Fitharta, so that they were a week therein, burning the 




place by forcibly entering to carry off 
a refugee. (Cf . the Col. Can. Hib. 
xxrv. 7 : De violations templi Dei 
cum septis punienda. Ttmplum 
cum septis signifies a church sur- 
rounded by enclosures. ) 
3 - 3 Assigned before. That it>, it 

was enacted that henceforth no lay- 
man be intruded into the Armagh 
succession. (Cf. A.D. 1129, note 
4, supra.) The deep-rooted abuse 
connected with the primacy was 
thereby formally eliminated. It is 
characteristic of the Four Masters 


ocmicclcc ulcroti. 


nain arm 1C lopca-5 aptia 7 bailei) ^all. "Cucpacup 2 
imoppo na ^aill maiTjm pop a mapcplua, co pomapt>- 
fcrc pepep, 6 no moppepep, 5 T>il5 7 ni puapacup 2 a peip 
oo'n cup fin. CCfigam all e CCca-cbcrc la T)iapmaic 
TTIac rnupcaT>a 7 nepc mop T>O abail poppo, amail na 
posaBa-o jieirhe o cein rfioirt Cuaipc h Ceneoi 1-60501 n 
la comariba parpaic, i-oon, la ^illa TTlic Liac, mac 
Ruai'orii, T>anac -priic mncfamail peimpi h - ^T 16 " 6 * 
epfcop CCca-clia6 7 an-oeppoc 7 Laigen, in Chriipco 
quieuic. Comariba pacriaic T>O oiriT>nef> 8 Lorica[i]n hUi 
"Cuarail, comariba Coemsm, 9 1 n-a mau 

(TDael-Secnaill 1 hlla Ruairic occifup epc. CCbbacia 
buelliae hoc anno punT)aca er^. CCn copnotTiai-D, liUa 

]CaL 1an. 111. p., I-, CCnno "Domini TTI. c. lx.iii, 
ITlaeUlfU hUa Laigenafijn, eppcop 7 ab[b] Imbleca 1 - 
ibairi 7 abb 2 bealais-conglaip -prii pe, m Chriipco 
. Cepball* hlla ^illa-parriaic, pi *Deipce[i]pc 
i, mopcu[u]p epc. a TTlael-1ppu hllaCopc[p]a[i]n, 
comapba | Com^aill, cenn cpabai-o Ula-5 uile, aT) 

A.D. 1162. M .tn.tiri, no morivpiurti A.; .ui.uft, no mofi.ui.uri, B. 
6 TK, A. Scribe forgot to place the contraction mark of n over o. 7 aifvo ,13. 
8 oin.ner>, A. 9 Cairn , A. hh om., B, C. " n. t. h., A. ; om., B, C. 

A.D. 1163. l Imleca , B. 2 ab, A om., B, C. 

that they should have passed over 
a National Synodal Decree of such 

3 Grene. Called Gregory by 
Ware (Dis/iops, at Dublin), followed 
by most writers. Lanigan's cor- 
rection of the native annalists ('. 
H. iv. 17 3) is noteworthy : "In divers 
Irish Annals Gregory's death is 
placed in 1162. But this is a mis- 
take, owing to their having con- 

founded the year of it with that of 
the accession of his successor, St. 
Laurence O'Toole, which was in 

4 Lorcan Ua Taathail. That is, 
St. Laurence O'Toole. For the 
family and territories, see O'Dono- 
van's valuable note('. J/. iii. 515sq.) 
Tuathal, mentioned at 1014 (svpra) 
as father of Dunlang, king of 
Leinster, was the eponymous head. 



corn and towns of the Foreigners. The foreigners, however, [1162] 
inflicted defeat upon their horse-host, so that they killed 
six or seven of them and [the Ultonians] got not their 
demand on that occasion. Pillaging of the Foreigners of 
Ath-cliath by Diarmait Mac Murchadha and great sway 
was obtained [by him] over them, such as was not 
obtained before for a long time. The circuit of Cenel- 
Eogain [was made] by the successor of Patrick, namely, 
by Gilla Mac Liach. son of Ruaidri, to which nothing 
similar [in the amount of donations] was found before it. 
Grene, 3 bishop of Ath-cliath and archbishop of Leinster, 

rested in Christ. The successor of Patrick ordained Lorcan 


Ua Tuathail, 4 successor of [St.] Coemghen, in his stead. 

(Mael-Sechnaill 5 Ua Ruairc was slain. The abbey of 
Boyle was founded this year. The Defender Ua Dubhda 
was slain.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 3rd feria, 23rd of the moon, A.D. [lies] 
1163. Mael-Isu Ua Laighena[i]n, bishop and abbot of 
Imblech-ibair and abbot of Belach-conglais fep-a-fleBg] 
time, rested in Christ. 1 Cerball Ua \recte, Mac] Gilla- 
Patraic, king of the South of Ossory, died. Mael-Issu Ua 
Corc[r]ain, successor of [St.] Comgall, 2 head of the piety 
of all Ulster, passed to Christ. A lime-kiln, 3 wherein 

Seventh in descent from Tuathal 
was Muirchertach, king of the Ui- 
Muridaigh. He had seven sons, 
Lorcan being apparently the eldest. 
His only daughter, Mor, became 
the wife of Dermot Mac Murrogh, 
King of Leinster (L. L. 337d; 
where the words missing by erasure 
from the heading of the genealogy 
are Ua-MuridaigK). 

5 Mael- SechnaiU. This entry is 
given in the Four Masters. The 

remaining two entries are found in 
the Annals of Boyle, at 1161 and 1162 

1163. 1 JKested in Christ. In 
Emly, according to the Annals of 
Innisfallen, which omit mention of 
his having been abbot of Baltinglas. 

^Successor of [St.] Comgall. 
That is, abbot of Bangor, co. Down. 

3 Lime-kiln. Literally ,fre of lime. 
the contained, by metonymy, for the 
container. Similarly, Cenel (sept), 


ccmiccloc uuroli. 

Chpipcum nmspatnc. "Cene-aeil i paeil i v epca b 
ap cac 3 lee DO T>enam la Comapba Coltiim-cille, 1*0011, 
la plaicbepcac, mac m eppcuip bUi bpolca[i]n 7 la 
pama-o Coin im-ci lie, ppi pe peer laa. 

(Miall, d mac TDuipcepcai^, imc THic Loclamn, -DO 
5abaillahU-maine. d ) 

[bif.] iCoLlan. 1111. -p.. L 1111., CCnno "Domini m. c. lx. 1111. 
"Oonnca-o bUa bpiam, eppcop Cille-7>a-lua, m Chpipco 
quiemc. Ttlaici* muinnrepi 1a, b i-oon, m pacapc mop, 

A sob CCu^upcin 7 in pepleipnn (it)on, c *0ubpit)e c ) | 7 m -Dipep- 

rac, iT)on Ulac 5 1 H""oi'iC 7 cenn na Ceile-n-"0e, 1-oon, 
TTlac popcellai^ 7 mairi muirmcepi 1a apcena -DO 
nacram ap cenn comapba Coluim-cille, IT>OII, [ph]laic- 
beprarc 1>Ui Opolcain, "DO gabail abt)aine 1a a comaipli 
8oniapliT> 7 pep CCep^ep-^ai-Del 1 7 Irmpi-^all, co 
poP^apcaei comapba pacpaic 7 pi Gpenn, 1-0011, Ua Loc- 
lainn 7 main Cene[oi]l-6o5ain o. ^illa-pa^paic bUa 
TDael-nieiia T>O ec. a Bomapli-o 2 1Tlac ^ille-CC-oaninain 
7 a mac T>O mapbai* 7 dp "Pep CCep[]ep-haeT>el 3 7 
dnnripe 7 pep 1nnpi-^all 7 ^all CCra-cba ime. blo-o 
o'CCpD-Tll aca T>O lopca-5. Tempull 4 mop "Oaipi 5 -DO 

3 506, B. b .lx , A, B. c .xx., A, B. ** u. t. h., A ; om., B, C. 

A.D. 1164. l eayiep. (the first e U caudata), MS. (A) 2 lig, B. J n- 
'goeiwl, B. * pall, B. 8 \\e, B. " om., B, C. b "Dai|\e was first written ; 
subsequently, each letter was dotted above aud below, to signify deletion, MS. 

Clann (clan), Fir (men), Muintttcr 
(tribe), 1'obul (people), Sil (pro-, 
geny ),t'i (descendants Biased with the 
patronymic, sometimes signify the 
territories, not the inhabitants thereof 
(prout utrumlibet usus accommo- 
durit, Ogygia, III. Ixxvi. 361). 
Compare Blackfriars, Whitefriars. 

The Four Master* (followed by Col- 
gau, loc. cit.) against A, B and C, say 

the kiln \vas 70 feet square. Colgan 
adds that it was built in connection 
with repairing the church of Derry. On 
the same page, unconscious apparently 
of the contradiction, he records the 
building of the new church of that 

4 Niall. Given in the Annals oj 

1164. * Select, etc. This incident, 



are sixty feet on every side, was made by the successor of [lies] 
Colum-cille, that is, by Flaithbertach, son of the bishop 
Ua Brolchain and by the Community of Colum-cille in the 
space of twenty days. 

(Niall, 4 son of Muircertach, son of Mac Lochlainn, was 
taken prisoner by the Ui-Maine.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 4th feria, 4th of the moon, A.D. 1164. [H64Bis.] 
Donnchadji Ua Briain, bishop of Cell-da-lua, rested in 
Christ. Select 1 members of the Community of la, namely, 
the arch-priest, Augustin and the lector (that is, Dubsidhe) 
and the Eremite, Mac Gilla-duib and the Head of the Celi- 
De, namely, Mac Forcellaigh and select members of the 
Community of la besides came on behalf of the successor of 
Colum-cille, namely, Flaithbertach Ua Brolchain's accept- 
ance of the abbacy of la, by advice of Somharlidh and of the 
Men of Airthir-Gaedhel and of Insi-Gall ; but the successor 
of Patrick and the king of Ireland, that is, Ua Lochlainn and 
the nobles of Cenel-Eogain greyented him. Gilla-Patraic 
Ua Mael-Mena died. Somharlidh 2 Mac Gilla-Adhamh- 
nain 3 and his son were killed and slaughter of the Men of 
Airthir-Gaedhel and of Cenn-tire and of the men of Insi- 
Gall and of the Foreigners of Ath-cliath [took place] around 

so honourable to Ua Brok-hain and 
without which an allusion in his 
obituary notice (infra, 1175) could 
not be understood, is passed over by 
the Four Masters. See the note in 
Adamnan (p. 407) and the references 
there given- 

- Somharlidh. Somerledus itaque, 
rex Ergadiae . . . , copioso exer- 
citu et maxima classe de Hibernia 
et aliis diversis locis contracto, apud 
Reinfrieu [on the Clyde] praedaturus 
applicuit ; sed . . a paucis pro- 
vincialibus ibidem est occisus. For- 

dun, Gest. Annal., iv. (ad. an.) See 
also the extract from the Chronicle 
of Man, quoted iu Adamnan, p. 408. 

3 Gilla-Adhamhnain. Devotee of 
\_St.~] Adamnan ; (ninth) abbot of 
lona from 679 to 704. Adamnan's 
chief work, the Life of St. Columba, 
has been edited with a wealth of 
illustration by Dr. Reeves. 

4 Great church. Tempul mor ; 
'' from which the city of Derry re- 
ceives its parochial name of 
Templemore" (Adamnan, p. 408). 



oenum la comapba Coluim-citte, n>on, ta 
mac in eppuic htJi Opolcam 7 pa pamu-o Coluim[-cille] 
7 la ffluipcepcac hlla loclamn, la d haip-opis n-6penn- 
Ocup* caippnic doc m cempaill moip pein "Oaipe, 1 
paelec noca* cpaiet>, ppi pe ceropcar' laa.* 

(CCrfilaim,* mac ^U-a-Caimpn U Cheinnei-oig, 7>o 

1an. ui. p-, L x. u., CCnno "Domim m. c. lx. u. 
hUa Opiain oomnapbaf-o] a pip 1 TTIuman 
la a a mac, 1-oon, la THuipcepcac 7 pe pem T>O |abail 
7>'eip a acap. T)omnall b hUa ^illa-parpaic, pi 
Oppaip, 7 Concobup hUa bpoigce, pi 
Cirm-caille 7 paicin hUa hCCefa, cainneal hUa- 
Ceinnpelai| uile, -DO mapba-fe DO TTla[c] Cpaic hUa 
ITlop-Dai 7 -DO Laiap rpia -opocpaca. Cocaf> ecep phipu 
TniTe 7 blliC-bpiuin 7 ipin cocaf> pin pomapbaf>8icpiuc 
hUa Ruaipc la hlla Ciap-5ai 7 la Caipppi. b lmpu-5 
Ula-5 T>ano a pop Ua 2 Loclamn 3 7 cpec leo pop hUiE- 
171 eic, co pucpox bu miT)a 7 co pomapbpac pocai-oe* 1 *DO 
T>aini^. Cpec T>ono leo pop lli[b]-bpepail oipprep7 cpec 
aile pop "Oail-piacai. Sluasa-o la TYluipcepcac hUa 
Loclainn,ecep Con all 7 Bogan 7 CCippallu.i n-UllcaiC, 
co poaipgpec in cip uile, centnocac ppimcella Ula-b 7 

(A) itl., t. h., MS. (A) i om., B. .Ixxxx^ MS. (A) ' .it, MS. (A) 
n. t. h.,A; om., B, C. 

A. D. 1165. ^ije, B. 2 hUa, A. s lac ,B. . om., A. The la is 
probably=la a with hit. ^om.^, C. c ocur co and to Mai, B. ddfi 
n-Diaiyxmi-oe tlaughter hard to number, B. C. follows A. 

8 Ninety. Mistaking the original, 
the Four Mastert (followed by 
Colgan) say eighty. 

6 Amhlaim Given (the verb is 
omitted in O'Conor's text) in the 
Annals of Boyle. The Four Masters 
add that the deed was done by 

Toirrdelbach Ua Briain (Turlough 
O'Brien). The entry is not given 
(perhaps intentionally) in the 
Annals of Innisf alien. 

7 Gitta-Caimyhin. Devotee of 
[St.] Kevin (of Glendalongh). 

1165. x [J/ac] Gilla-Patraic. 



him. Portion of Ard-Macha was burned. The great church 
of 4 Daire was built by the successor of Colum-cille, that is, 
by Flaithbertach, son of the bishop TJa Brolchain and by 
the Community of Colum-cille and by Muircertach TJa 
Lochlainn, arch-king of Ireland. And the [top] stone of 
that great church, wherein there are ninety 5 feet [in 
length], was completed within the space of forty days. 

(Amhlaim, 6 son of Gilla-Caimghin 7 TJa Ceinnedig, was 

Kalends of Jan. on 6th feria, 15th of the moon, A.D. 
1165. Tairrdelbach Ua Briain was expelled from the king- 
ship of Munster by his son, that is, by Muircertach and he 
[Muircertach] himself took the kingship after his father. 
Domnall TJa [recte, Mac 1 ] Gilla-Patraic, king of the North of 
Ossory, and Conchobar TJa Broighte, king of Cenn-caille 
and Paitin TJa Aedha, the candle of all TJi-Ceinnselaigh, 
were killed by Ma[c] Craith TJa Mordhai and by the Laichsi 
for evil causes. War [took place] between the Men of Meath 
and the TJi-Briuin and it is in that war Sitriuc 1 TJa Ruairc 
was killed by TJa Ciardhai and by the Cairpri. The turn- 
ing of the TJlidians upon TJa Lochlainn [took place] and a 
foray [was made] by them upon the TJi-Meith, so that they 
took away many cows and killed a multitude of persons. 
A foray also [was made] by them upon the eastern TJi- 
Bresail and another foray upon Dal-riatai. A hosting 
by Muircertach TJa Lochlainn, [along with] both [Cenel-] 
Cona[i]U and [Cenel-]Eoga[i]n and the Airgialla, into 
Ulidia, so that they harried all the country, except the 
chief churches of the TJlidians and killed a countless 

So called in the Ossorian list of Leix, Queen's Co.) 

kings (L. L. 41a), which agrees 2 Sitriuc. The Four Masters make 

with the text in stating that he was this portion a distinct item, and omit 

slain by the Laichsi (the sept that the connection between the war ancj 

inhabited and gave the name to the death of Sitriuc. 




co pomapbpac dp n-Tjiaipmi-fce 4 7>ib, im ecmapcac, mac 
A 50c rn ic ^illa-eppuic 7 im Ml a" | Lomanai 7 co poinnapb- 
pac Oocaifi ITlac T)ninnpleit>e a bUUxaiB 7 co 8 n-Txipaur' 
bUa Loclainn pige -DO "Oun[n]pleit5e 7 co n-Tjapcpar; 6 
Ula[i}5 uite a n-^eill T>'U[a] Loclainn cpia nepc pige. 
"Oiapniaic ITlac CCpca[i]n, coipec Clainne-pogapcaij;, 
enec7 egnurii bUa-n-6cac uile, mopcuup 

Soxan 7 <*H CCca-cliac la mac na pepipi TX) 
p.opf>aipi pop bpecnaiC 7 pobacap uile pe pe leicbliatma 
ic 7 a 7 coail 7 nip'-pecpac. 6c peuepp punc pine pace 
pecpo. Tttael-Coltnm Cennmop, mac 6anpic, apT>pi 
CClban, in cpipcaife ap pepp T>O bai T>O aif>elait> 8 p>e 
muip anaip, ap. T>eipc 7' ai'nec 7' cpabui), T>O ec. 
6ocaiT> *DO pi"5ip pip llla'D TO ^ut5ail, co 
Ula[i]T> be, ap buaihon bUi Loclainn 7 co 
6T> be la "Oonnca-D blla Cepbaill, la bapT>pi^ 
CCipgiall, cpe popcon^pa blli Loclainn. Slua^ro aile 
la Illuipcepcac blla Loclainn co Ceniul-Oogain co blnip- 
B 52c Lacain, | co poloipcec m inT)p 700 pupmuppar 7 coruc- 
pacUlafijT* uile am-bpai^ti T)'ll[a]'' Loclainn. "Cecaiciap- 
pin h Cenel-n-005ain im bUa 9 Loclainn T)ia cipC, co cop- 
cup mop 7 colongaitj inroait) leo 7 co pecaiC imT>ait> ap- 
cena. CCppei-oe bUa Loclainn 7>'CCpT)-lTlaca. "Cicciap pem 
"Oonnca-D bUa Cepbaill, aipT>pi CCippall 7 Bocai'D ITlac 

4 nil, B. ^co n-TX>|xar;, A. 8 ca]\T>par:, B. 7 - 7 ca (aphaeresis ofi),A. 
8 ^hoe-6eal , B."~ "^0, A. om., A ; given in C. ' aji /or, B. r>u 
lilla, B. h lafium ajterwardt, B. 

3 MM Dui nntletbhe. (Mac Dun- > doubt that he was the same as the 
levy.) The Donnsleibhe from f Donnsleibhe mentioned in the second 

whom the family name took its 
origin was slain in 1091, supra. 
Eochaid mentioned in the text 
according to the Ulidian regnal list 
(L. L. 41d), was son of Conchobur, 
son of Cu-Ulad Ua Flathrai (killed 
1072, svpra). 
4 Dontuldbhe. There can be little 

entry of the following year. Ihe 
Four Matters omit this portion. 

8 For the space of half a year. 
" Half a yeare bickering and bat- 
tering and yet could not prevayle," 
C. Brut y Tyu-ysogion states (ad an). 
that the king remained many days in 
camp at Caerleon, until ships from 



number of them, including Echmarcach, son of Mac [1165] 
Gilla-espuic and including Ua Lomanaigh and they 
expelled Eochaidh Mac Duinnsleibhe 5 [Ua Eochadha] 
from Ulidia. And Ua Lochlainn gave the kingship 
to Donnsleibhe [Mac Duinnsleibhe Ua Eochadha] and 
all the Ulidians gave their pledges to Ua Lochlainn, 
through the might of his regal power. Diarmait Mac 
Artain, chief of Clann-Fogartaigh, hospitality and benefac- 
tion of all Ui-Echach, died. An expedition of the Saxons 
and of the Foreigners of Ath-cliath [set out] with the 
son of the Empress, to subjugate the JBritons and they 
were all for the space of half a year 5 attacking them and 
they availed not. And they returned without peace back- 
wards. Mael-Coluim Great-head, son of Henry, arch-king 
of Scotland, the best Christian that was of the Gaidhil [who 
dwell] by the sea on the east for almsdeeds, hospitality and * 
piety, died. Eochaidh [Mac Duinnsleibhe Ua Eochadha] 
again attempts to obtain the kingship of Ulidia; but 
the Ulidians expelled him through fear of Ua Lochlainn 
and he was fettered by Donnchadh Ua Cerbaill, 
arch-king of Airgialla, by order of Ua Lochlainn. 
Another hosting by Muircertach Ua Lochlainn along 
with the Cenel-Eogain to Inis-lachain, 6 so that they 
burned the Island [Inis-lachain] and razed it. And all 
Ulidia gave their pledges to Ua Lochlainn. After that, 
the Cenel-Eogain around Ua Lochlainn come to their 
houses with great triumph and with many ships and 
numerous treasures beside. From here Ua Lochlainn 
[goes] to Ard-Macha. After that, Donnchadh Ua Cerbaill, 
arch-king of Airgialla and Eochaidh Mac Duinnsleibhe 

Dublin and other cities in Ireland 
came to him. Finding these forces 
insufficient, he gave them presents 
and dismissed them; himself and 
his army returniug to England. 

6 Inis-lachain. Duck-island : Inis- 
loughan, co. Antrim. See the de- 
scription by Fynes Moryson, quoted 
in O'Donovan (F. M., ii. 1154). 


cDiticclcc uloroti. 

"OumnpleitJe 1 conromt lilli Loclamn, 7>o cuinncii) pip 
ooTTlac T)tnnnpleit5e, co n-7>apait: 10 blla Loclainn uile-oo 
TTlac "OtnniifleiCe cap 11 cenn 11 pall llla-5 uile : co n- 
capaic 12 TDac "Duinnpleifie mac cec coipig o'llllTxiiD' 13 7 
ampn pein i 14 m-bpaijfcecup o'O Loclainn. Ocup cucca 
peoic inv5a T>6, im claitnuti mic im> 1apla 7 co n-T>opaT: 
baifice -DO 16 hlla 15 Loclainn ; co lc n-T)a]aaiT: 16 blla toc- 
lainn T>o 15 Ml a 15 Cepbaill e- Ocuf ruca-5 T>ono baile TX> 
cleipciC Sobaill, cpia par fii^i bill loclamn. 

("Doth nail 1 1TI ac ^lUi-paqiaic, pi Ofpaip ; TTla^ntif 
blla Canannan, pi Ceineoil-Conaill ; 7^illa-Cpip)blla 
TTlail-bpeiiainT), caipec Clamm-Concobuip, 7 TTla[c]- 
Cpaic blla Concobtnp, pi CiappaiT>e-Luacpa, mopcui 

]CaL 1an. un. p., I. xx. ui., CCnno T)omini TT1. c. lx. ui. 
"Domnall* TTlac ^ille-TT1ocolTno[i]c T>O Tnapba^> 7>o 
A 50d Lai^niB | pein. Cucuac TTlac ^^"^PP 1110 "oo mapbar> 
T)o *Oun[n]pleiBe, mac mic Goca-ba.* CCer> blla TTlael- 
paBaill, pi Caippce-bpacaif>e, T)O mapbaf> la TTIuipcep- 
rac blla Loclainn pep -oolum. CCpT)-TTlaca T>O 

10 n-'oofiac, B. 11J1 t>ajx g-cenn, A. l8 cayxraic, A. 

-i oO=T)0 O, A. lfr18 co cayxaic, B. ' n. t. h., A ; om., B, C. 

A.D. 11G6. - om., B, C. 


7 Stfford.O' Donovan (p. 1155) 
says this was evidently won by 
Mac Duinnsleibe from the Danes of 
the Hebrides. But he gives no 
authority for the statement. 

8 Domnall, etc. Given in the 
jinnals of Boyle. The first is a replica 
of the initial item in the second entry 
of this year. The Annals of Boyle, 
in agreement with the original 
text, state that he was slain. 

' King of Ciarrtidhe Lnachra. 
Lord (tiyhtrna) of Ciarraighe- 
Luachra, Four Matters. O' Donovan, 
"by an oversight, has " lord of Con- 
chobhair" (ii. p. 1156). 

The Annals of Boyle, according 
to O' Conor s text, have: Gilla- 
Crist U[a] Mail-Brenaind and 
M[ac] Craith Ua Conchubur 
Chiarraigi (O'Conor Kerry) die. 

Mail- Brenaind signifies devotee of 



[Ua Eockadha] come into the presence of TJa Lochlainn 
to ask for the kingship for [Eochaidh] Mac Duinnsleibhe, 
so that Ua Lochlainn gave the entire [kingship] to Mac 
Duinnsleibhe, in return for the pledges of all Ulidia. So 
that Mac Duinnsleibhe gave the son of every chief of 
Ulidia and his own daughter in pledge to O'Lochlainn. 
And. there were given to him [TJa Lochlainn] many 
treasures, including the sword 7 of the son of the Earl and 
he [Mac Duinnsleibhe] gave Bairche to TJa Lochlainn 
[and] TJa Lochlainn gave it to [Donnchadh] Ua Cerbaill. 
And, moreover, there was given a townland to the clergy 
of Saball, by reason of the prosperity of the reign of Ua 

(Domnall 8 Mac Gilla-Patraic, king of Ossory ; Maghnus 
Ua Canannain, king of Cenel-Conaill and Grilla-Crisd Ua 
Mael-Brenaind, chief of Clann-Conchobuir and Ma[c] 
Craith Ua Concobuir, king of Ciarraide-Luachra, 9 died.) 


Kalends of Jan. on 7th feria, 26th of the moon, A.D. 
1166. Domnall 1 Mac Gilla-Mocholmoic was killed by 
the Lagenians themselves, Cucuach Mac Gilla-espuic 
was killed by Donnsleibhe, grandson of Eochaidh 2 [Ua 
Eochadha]. Aedh Ua Maelfabhaill, king of Carraic- 
Bracaidhe, was killed by Muircertach Ua Lochlainn in 
treachery. Ard-Macha was burned the day of the feast of 
[St.] Senan 3 and Wednesday in the incidence 4 of the day of 


(St.) Brenann (of Clonfert, county 

1166. 1 Domnall. His name is the 
last in the genealogy (L. L. 337d) 
of the kings of the Ui-Dunchadha 
(a sept that inhabited the portion 
of Dublin county through which 
flows the Dodder). He was fourth 
in descent from the eponymous 
head, Gilla-Mocholmoic (devotee of 
St. Mocholmoc my young Colum 

of Terryglas, co. Tipperary, whose 
feast was Dec. 1 3). In the pedi- 
gree given by O'Donovan (F. M. 
ii. 846), insert "son of Cellach" 
(L. L. loc. cit.) before " son of 

z Eochaidh. Died 1061, supra. 

3 Senan. Of any of the known 
saints of this name, no feast fell on 
Wednesday, May 11, in this year. 
Senan may perhaps be a scribal 


cnnicclcc ulccoli. 

B 52d 

la -peile 8ena[i]n 7 Cetain ap ai laici feccmaine 7 
occma'& b u craft an ai aeffaefci*: iDoii.ocnoipCholuim- 
cille, na -01 fneic co cfioif eppuic 6050011 7 o 
cnoip erpuic 6050111 in "D-fafia ffieic co cnoif T>O- 
nuip Hara 7 in Haic inle co n-a cemplaitJ, 
cenmota fieclep poit 7 pecain 7 uam T>O cai^i o* anena 
7 fneir n.i Rai anian., loon, o ca cpoif SecnailL co 
cjiofa bpisn, accma'b becc. Cenannuf 7 Lii^ma^ 1 7 
1ni^-cain-"Oe5a 7 ceLla inroa aile cpemacafe] yunc. 
6c "Daiyie Cotuim-cille ex maiojie pa]ice cpemaca epc 
7 111 Dtibp.eiclep T>O lofcai> : quoT> non auT)icum epc ab 
cempopibuf. Ocup CC|iTyo-iTib6 T>O topcaf> o 
mac TDic 2 Canai 7 o mac ^ 1 ^ e "^ u1 1 le ^^' 
TTlonpai 3 7 o C|ioqiaiil5. 6ocai^ ITlac ThnrmvleiCe -DO 
balla-o la 1Tluiiice|acac htJa Loclainn, caji flanacup 
Comapba pacpaic 7 bacla Ippu 7 *0onnca-oa lilli 
CefiBaill, IT)OII, ai^T)jii CCifi^mll. 8luaaf> la Ruaiffii 
till a Concobaifi 1 miTe, co p-O^aiB bpai^i "Pe^a TTlif>e. 
CCyp'oe co hCCc-cliar, co fiosailS bfiai^i ^aU, 7 TTlic 
1Dup.caf>a 7 Lai|en uile. CCffiT>e co *OpocaT:-ara "Docum 
CCifiSiall, cocauns'Ooiiiica'D hllaCefibaill, pi CCipgiall, 
i n-a cec 7 co T:ap|ar: bp-ait;i 7)6 7 co n-T>ecaiT) flan 
ion. pn Dia 15,10]! n-inna|\ba[T>] T)ianmaralTlic TTIufi- 
cara, fii Laigen, -oafi Tnui^. Slua^ai) la"OoiiiicaT> hlla 

1 bui>, A. - ic, A. 3 Illofinai (by metathesis) B. b .uiit., MS. (A) 

error for Senach (of Loch Erne), 
whose festival corresponded with 
the textual solar and lunar criteria. 
The saint's name and the data 
relative to the day are all omitted 
by the Four Masters. 

4 In the incidence. Literally, on 
the unit (particular day). 

5 Bishop Eogan. Patron of Ard- 
straw (Ard-sratha), co. Tyrone. He 

- is probably the son of Ere whom 
Tirechan mentions as consecrated 
by St. Patrick. Et venit in Ardd- 
sratho et Mace Ercae episcopum 
ordinavit (Book of Armagh, fol. 

*Sechna!l. See A. D. 4i9, note 
1 ; A.D. 447, note 3, supra, 

7 Jilinded. The same is stated in 
the Ulidian regnal list (L. L. 41d"> ; 



the week and the 8th lunar day in the incidence 4 of the age 
of the moon : that is, from the Cross of Colum-cille, the 
two streets to the Cross of Bishop Eogan 5 and from the 
Cross of Bishop Eogan one of the two streets, up to the 
Cross of the door of the Close and all the Close with its 
churches except the monastery of [SS.j Paul and Peter and 
a few of the houses besides and a street towards the Close 
to the west, namely, from the Cross of [St.] Sechnall 6 to 
the Crosses of [St.] Brigit [was burned], except a little. 
Cenannus and Lughmagh and Inis-cain. of [St.] Daig and 
many other churches were burned. Daire of Colum-cille 
was burned for the greater part and the Penitentiary was 
burned, a thing unheard of from ancient times. And 
Ard-bo was burned by Ruaidhri, son of Mac Canai and by 
the son of Gilla-Muire Ua Monrai and by the Crotraighi. 
Eochaidh Mac Duinnsleibhe [Ua Eochadha] wasblinded 7 
by Muircertach Ua Lochlainn, in violation of the pro- 
tection of the successor of Patrick and of the Staff of Jesus 
and of Donnchadh Ua Cerbaill, namely, the arch-king of 
Airgialla. A hosting by Ruaidhri Ua Concobair into 
Meath, so that he received the pledges of the Men of 
Meath. From this, [he marches] to Ath-cliath, so that 
he received the pledges of the Foreigners and of Mac 
Murchadha and of all Leinster. From this, to Drochait- 
atha, to the Airgialla, so that Donnchadh Ua Cerbaill, king 
of Airgialla, came into his house and gave pledges to him. 
And he went safe to his house after that, after expelling 8 
Diarmait Mac Murchadha, king of Leinster, over sea. 
A hosting by Donnchadh Ua Cerbaill, with the Airghialla 


according to which Eochaidh (hav- 
ing become incapacitated to reign) 
was succeeded by his brother, 

8 Expelling. The date of Mac 
Murrough's expulsion is fixed by a 

contemporaneous marginal note in 
the Book of Leinster (275, marg. 

[CC] TTluifu, ip mofx in grinn 
'ooinngne-o 1 n-h6jxitvo IITOIU 
(TOOTI, [1] fccclamn CCugtiifT) : 



A ol 

Cepbaitl co n-CCi fisialtai 15 7 co n-Ui[b]-bpiuin 7 Con- 
maicniti hi "Cifi-n -60501 n t>'tftftfOgr6 hUi Loctatnn epia 
epait Cem 1111-60501 n 5 pein, ap cpeca-6 7>oiB hUi 6 Loc- 
lainn, aip7>pi5 6penn. Cocaimcpim co Ttpeim uaccro T>O 
Ceneol-eogain 'Cailca-o[i]5 T>O cabaipc ammuip poppu i 
-Gccac. Ocup CIT> iacp-oe, -oocpeicpc eipm. Co 
ami TTluificeficac (mac c NeilL c ) hUa LacLainn, 
i5 Ofienn, 7 |iob' e CCugtifc Ucficaip, 
Gofipa uile, afi egnarii 7 gaipce-D. Ocup 
uatxrb -DO Cenet-eogain an n, 1-0011, cn,i pn, Dec- TTlin,- 
baiL mop 7 pipe anipa -DOpisne-D annpn : i7>on, pi Openn 
DO umm cen cau, cen cliatkro, mp papugu'D T>6 Com- 
apba paepaic 7 bacLu 1pu 7 Comapba Coluim-cilte 7 
Sopcela[i] TTlttpcain 7 cleipec inroa aile. Rucai> cpa a 
copp co hCCpT)-lTiaca 7 pohaT>nacc anT), cap papugu'D 
Comapba | Coluim-cille co n-a pamu'5 7 pocpaipc 
buDein Cotum-ciLle ime 7 coipec macteilim) 7 "Oaipe im 
a bpei T)'a d peibc. *Oiapmaic TTlac fnupcafa, rx)ipec 
ITluinncepi-bipn, a puip pparpibup mceppeccup [epc]. 
8tiia^af> la Ruaiftpi hUa Concobaip 7 ta Tigepnan 
lilla Huaipc co hGp-puai^, co can^acup Cenel-ConaiLL 
1" n-a ec, e co cafiT>pac a m-bpaisri T>O btla f Concobaip', 
co capac 8 occ picciu bo T>oit), i n-ecmaip oip 7 

8 Cenet-n-6o .A. O, A. 7 inn, A. cap,T), B. ill., t h., A ; om. ' 
B, C. d -01 to, B ; with which C agrees. 1 cec hUi Choncobaip,, into 
the houte of Ua Cnnckobair. B. C i in agreement M om., B, C. The TX> 
which precedes hlla in the text is consequently, according to B andC, to be 
translated to him (Ua Conchobair) ; not, to (Ua Conchobair). 

iTX)n, "Diafimaic, mac T3on-Dc[cr6]a 
ITliclTluyxcorDa, n,i Lagen 7 'gall, 
DO mnayxba[f)] TK> Phep,aib h&p^n-o 
oan, muiyx. tic ! Uc ! a Choinroiu, 
cm TKJjen ? 

[O] Mary, great is the deed that 
has been done in Ireland to-day 

(namely, [on Monday] the Kalends 
[1st] of August) : to wit, Diannait, 
son of Dondchadh Mac Murchadha, 
king of the Lagenians and Foreig- 
ners, to be expelled by the Men of 
Ireland. Alas ! alas ! O God, what 
shall I do? 



and with the Ui-Briuin and the Conmaicni, into Tir-Eogain, [1166] 
to attack Ua Lochlainn, by direction of the Cenel-Eogain 
themselves, in consequence of Ua Lochlainn, arch-king of 
Ireland, being abandoned by them. So that [Ua Loch- 
lainn] came, with a small party of the Cenel-Eogain ^>f 
Telach-og, to deliver an assault upon them at Fidh-0-n- 
EchtacE". And even those very men, they abandoned him. 
So there fell in that place Muircertach (son of Niall) Ua 
Lachlainn, arch-king of Ireland. And he was the 
Augustus of all the North- West of Europe for valour and 
championship. And a few of Cenel-Eogain were killed 
there, namely, thirteen men. A great marvel and won- 
derful deed was done then : to wit, the king of Ireland to 
fall without battle, without congest, after his dishonouring 
the successor of Patrick and the Staff of Jesus and the 
successor of Colum-cille and the Gospel 9 of Martin and 
many clergy besides [by blinding Mac Dunmsleibhe Ua 
Eochadha]. Howbeit, his body was carried to Ard- 
Macha and buried there, in dishonour of the successor 
of Colum-cille with his Community and Colum-cille 
himself 10 and the head of the students of Daire 
fasted 10 regarding it, for his being carried to [Christian] 
bttrmli 11 Diarmait Mac Murchadha, chief of Muiunter- 
Birn, was slain by his kinsmen. A hosting by Ruaidhri 
Ua Conchobair and by Tigernan Ua Kuairc to Ess- 
ruadh, so that the Cenel-Conaill came into his house 
[and] gave their pledges to Ua Conchobair [and] he gave 
them eight score cows, besides gold and clothing. 

9 Gospel of Martin. Traditionally 
believed to have belonged to St. 
Martin of Tours. (Adamnan, p. 
324, sq.) 

10 Himself fasted. That is, in the 
person of his successor, the abbot 

of Derry. C. has : " Kolura Kille 
himself fasted ; " not, " the Coarb 
of Colum Kille," etc., as O'Dono- 
van(F. M. ii. 1161) reads. 

11 To burial. Literally, to his 


ccmiccfxr uloroli. 

la ftuai-opi hUa Concobaifi 7 la "Oiapmain 
hUa TTlail-[8h]eclainn 7 la Tigepnan hlla Tluaipc 
illai5ni!5, 1 n-Oppaipt!), hi TDumain, co ran^a-cup. 
piSpaiT) Leri TTlogauilehi cec RuaiT>pi hUi Concobaip, 
co p-opigpar; he. ^illa TTlac CCiblen, comapba 
bpenain-o Cluana-peapca, quieuic. 8 T3oipp,T>elbac h hlla 
bpiain fiesnamt; ir;epum, CCnno "Domim H66. b Ho, 1 co- 
ap m ]Calainn fi cif cic mapba-b 

leal. Urn. 1. p., I. tin., CCnno "Domini 171. c. lx un. 
mac La^mainT) 1 hlli "Ouifroipma, p,i 
ipecaip Tuaipce[i]pt 6penn uile, 2 T>O 
mapbai) 1 meCail la T)onncai> hl1a"OuibT>ipma 7lapin 3 
bperai^ 4 pop lap TT) 11151 -bile 7 Ta mac TO T>O 
ap. namdpac 7 mac T>O Dallti'5. Slua^a-o la 
hUa Concofiaip co inairiC Gpenn uime co hCCp.T-TT)aca. 
CCppi-oe co belac-gpene 7 apix>e co pepnac-na-mebla 7 
B 53a co ponnolpac Cenel-n-eogain tm Iliall TPac Loclamn | 
caa, T)O cabaipc ammaip lon^ptiipc pop pepaitf 
Hocaipmepc cpa "Oia pein, cpia bennacrain 
7 cpia RuaiT>pi hUi Concobaip 7 pep. n- 
Bpenn apcena, co poia'&pai; Cenel-n-Gogam im muine 
pailec ippicc na pltia, co n-'oecai'D cac 1 n-dp a ceile 
annpin, cenmorac Toine TO mapbaT*. Co pocpiallpar* 
na pluaij lap pin im hUa 5 Concobaip 5 T>ul 6 T>O innpe'D 7 
lopcut* Tipe-eogain, co can^aDtip, -opem T>O Chenel- 

r n. t. h A ; m., B, C. h h 50d, f. m., n. t. h., A ; om., B, C. ' 50d, 
r. m., opposite tht Sluajot) entry, t. h., A ; om., B, C. 

A.D. 11G7. 

A. 6 7K>1, B. 

, B. 2 --li, 

, B. 4 m-b , B. - B O C- 

12 A hottiny, etc. Found in sub- 
stance in the Annals of Boyle. 

13 Gilla Mac Aiblen, etc. Given 
also in the Four Matters. The 
Annals of Innisfallen add the sur- 
name, L'a Anmchadha and omit the 

place. The patronymic (see 1099, 
note 1, tupra) leaves little doubt 
that the see in question was Ard- 
fert, not Clonfert. 

14 Toirrdelbach, etc. This item is 
contained in the AnnaU of Boyle. 



(A hosting 12 by Ruaidhri Ua Conchobair and by Diar- 
mait Ua Mail[-Sh]echlainn and by Tigernan TJa Ruairc 
into Leinster, [and] into Ossory [and] into Munster, so 
that the kings of all the Half of Mogh came into the 
house of Ruaidhri Ua Conchobair [and] made him [arch-] 
king. Gilla Ma[i]c Aiblen 13 successor of [St.] Brenand of 
Cluain-fearta, rested. Toirrdelbach 14 [UaBriain] reigned 
again, A.D. 1166. Or it may be on this year below [next 
year] the killing of Muircertach [Ua Lochlainn] occurs.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 1st feria, 7th of the moon, A.D. 
1167. Muircertach, son of Lagmand Ua Duibhdirma, 
king of Fordruim, tower of principality of all the North 
of Ireland, was killed in treachery by Donnchadh Ua 
Duibdirma and by the Bretach in the centre of Magh- 
bile and two sons of his were killed on the morrow and a 
son was blinded. A hosting by Ruaidhri Ua Concobair 
with the nobles of Ireland about him to Ard-Macha. 
From this [they marched] to Belach-grene and from this 
to Fernach-na-mebhla, until the Cenel-Eogain collected a 
fighting force around Niall Mac Lochlainn, to deliver a 
camp attack upon the men of Ireland. Howbeit, God 
prevented that, through the benediction of Patrick and 
through the felicity of Ruaidhri Ua Concobair and of the 
Men of Ireland likewise. For [lit., so that] the Cenel- 
Eogain closed around a sallow brakej^afea^frearedrlike 1 the 
[opposing] forces, so that each [of them] proceeded to 
slaughter the other there, except that persons were not 
killed. So the hosts after that proceeded under Ua 
Conchobair to go to pillage and burn Tir-Eogain, until some 



1167. a That appeared like. Lite- 
rally, in the appearance (of). The 
translator of C. mistook the mean- 
ing : " For Kindred Owen strayed 

into a grove of willowes and, 
thinking it was the camp, fell upon 
it and killed some of themselves." 


(rwiccloc ulcroti. 


i n-a tec 7 co n-T>afiT)pcrc bpaici T>O 7* co n- 
eccrcapiap fin, ap pur pep-Hi an ac 7 -DO 6f r-puai-5, 
fmplan T>ia cig. mael-lTlicel b TTlac T)oieea[i]n 
uapalfacapc 7 pepleipnn i n-CCpTj-TTlaca, fuam UITXHH 
pebcitep pimuic. b TnuipeTac TTlac Canai DO mapba-5 
DO Tnaccnt) TYIeic Loclamn 1 n-emec parjpaic 7 baclu 
1fu, mfi n-a ejiait -oia pein. 

(Uaru hlla Concenain-o, pi bUa-n-'Oiapmaca, m 
clep[i]car:u mopirup. "Oiapmaic TTlac TTlupccrba -DO 
cuiT)ecc cap mmp m btiaf>ain pi. Tx)ippT>eU>ac hUa 
bpiain TK) 63 m blia-oain pi- c ) 

]Cat. 1 an. 11. > t. x. uni., (Cnno "Domini TTI. c. Uc. uin. 
TTIuipcepcac, mac "Coipp-oeLbais hlli bpiain, pi "Oail 1 - 
Caip, T>o mapbai) ic "Oun-na- | pciai> -DO mac TTlupca^a 
TTiic Capcai, pi TJep-TTIuman. Romapba-5 -po cecoip 
macmic ConcotSaip i 2 n-a 2 -Di^ailla "DiapmaiT:pin > D7 la 
hUapaeta[i]n 7 fecc* meic pi co n-a muinncepaiC. 
ptannacan Mia "DuCraic, epfcop na "Cucrc 

TT1uipeT)a5 b ), pui ecnai 7 pencaip lapraip Gpenn 
inte, 1 Cun^u ic aiticpi mopcu[u]p epc. 8luaa-5 
la Huai'opi hUa Concobuip co hCCc-luain, co cdinic 
Ua ^illa-pacpaic, pi Ofpaii i n-a cec 3 7 co 
capaic cei6pi c bpaici -DO annpein 4 7 popleic a plua|u 
peime *oap CCr-cpoca ipin Tllumain 7 pe pein Dap CCc- 
luain 1 rna^-Lena 1 conne pep n-Gpenn : co 

om., B. C follows A. bb om., B, C. cc n. t. h., A; om., B, C. 

A.D. 11C8. 1 T)at, B. 22 na (aphaerejws of a), 
3 .011., A, B. fc* ill., t. h., A ; om., B, C. 

i, B. 3 c<>5. A. 
.1111, A, B. 

ainn ,A. 

2 In reparation, etc. This portion 
is omitted by the Four Master?. 
The offence is not stated in any 
authority accessible to me. For 
the vendetta, see the first item of 

3 A cleric. In Clonmacnoise 
according to the Four Masters, who 
give the three items. The second 
is found in the Annals of Jnnisf alien; 
the third, in the Annals of Boyle. 

4 From over sea. According to 



of the Cenel-Eogain came into his house and gave hostages [H67] 
to him. And they went after that, through the length of 
Fir-Manach and to Ess-ruadh, safe to their home[s]. Mael- 
Michel Mac Doithechain, eminent priest and lector in 
Ard-Macha, felicitously finished his life. Muiredhach 
Mac Canai was killed by the sons of Mac Lochlainn in 
reparation 2 to Patrick and the Staff of Jesus, by direction 
of his own kinsmen. 

(Uatu TJa Conehenaind, king of Ui-Diarmata, dies 
a cleric. 3 Diarmait Mac Murchadha came from over sea 4 
this year. Toirrdelbach 5 Ua Briain died this year.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 2nd feria, 18th of the moon. A.D. [tl68Bis.] 
1168. Muircertach, son of Toirrdelbach Ua Briain, king 
of Dal-Cais, was killed at Dun-na-sciath by the son 1 of 
Murchadh Mac Carthaigh, king of Desmond. The grandson 
of Conchobar [Ua Briain] was killed immediately in revenge 
of him by Diarmait the Fair and by Ua Faelain and seven 
sons of kings with their retinues [were killed]. Flan- 
nacanUa.Dubhtaich, bishop of the Tuatha (Sil-Muiredaigh) 
[Elphin], the master of wisdom and history in [lit., of] all 
the West of Ireland, died in pilgrimage at Cunga. A 
hosting by Ruaidhri Ua Concobuir to Ath-luain, so that 
Ua \recte, Mac] Gilla-Patraic, king of Ossory, came into 
his house and gave four hostages to him on the occasion. 
And he sent his hosts forward, past Ath-crodha, into 
Munster and himself [went] past Ath-luain into Magh- 

Giialdus Cambrensis (Exp. Sib. 
I. 2), he had gone to Henry II. 
(who was in Aquitane) and pro- 
cured letters patent in his favour. 
He then returned to England, 
obtained promises of aid from 
Robert Fitz Stephen and Maurice 
Fitz Gerald, sailed from Bristol 
about August 1, and spent the 
winter in concealment at Ferns. 

5 Toirrdelbach. In the Annals of 
Boyle he is called king of the Half 
of Mogh (the southern moiety of 

1168. 1 Son of Murchadh Mac 
Carthaigh. This (which is likewise 
the reading of C. ) must be an error. 
The Annals of fnnisf alien, an 
authority not likely to err on a 
matter of the kind, state that the 



co pein-cliac, co rat me TTIac Capcaig i n-a rec 7 co 
repair noi d m-bpai^ci "06 annpem* 7 co popoinneTi m 
TYluma 1 n-i>6 ecepniacCoprnaic7"Ooriinallhllabpiain 
7 co pucaT) -oa picic f T>ec bo po cpi.i n-aineelann Tntnp- 
cepcaic hUi Dpi am, pop "Oep-TYlumam. Co poimpai 
till a Concobaip -oia rig. "Oonnca-o hlla Cepbaill, 
aip-opi 5 CCipsiatl, *oo lecpa'5 *DO ruai ^illai [-pJfiirolTfia 
DO -pein, iT>on, Ua "Otnbne T>O Ceniul^eogain 7 m pi -pop 
mepca 7 a ec -oe. 

(man>m g CCra-in-comaip -pop (Xpc hl1aTTlail-8hec- 
lainn 7 pop CCipruip ITli-oe. "Oiapmaic U fTlait-Seclamn 
7 1afp]rap TThT)e uiccopep puepunc. 1n gitla leiiroeps, 
iTX3n, hUa Concobaip Copcumpucro, occipup epc.') 

53b ]cat. Tail. 1111.' p., I, axe. ix*, CCnno *Oommi 171. c. lac. ix.* 
"Oarnliac CiannaN]n DO lopcat*. "Oiapmaic hUa ITlael- 
Seclainn, pi TT)iT)e, *DO mapba-D -DO mac a bpcrcap, 1-oon, 
TO "Oomnall bpegac 7 -DO *0onncaf Ceinnpelac hUa 
Cealluig. 1pm bticroain cecna T)opac HuaiDpi hUa 
Concobaip, pi Gpenn, *Deic m-bu ceca 1 blia^na ua-o pein 
7 o cac 2 pi i n-a ^egai-o co bpcrc T>O pepleisinn CCip-o- 
TTIaca, ,1 n-onoip parpaic, ap lei^inn *oo oenarii 7)0 
macait>lei5innepenn 7 CClban. 

A. e jug, A. 6 neol, A. d .ix., A, B. e om., A, C. f JDOC.IC., A, B- 
** n. t.X^T; om., B, C. 

A.D. 1169. x gaca, A. * gac, B. " n. t. h., A ; a blank was left by the 
original scribe. b om., A. 

slayer was Concbobar, grandson of 
Conchobar Ua Briain. This agrees 
also with the next assertion of the 
present entry. 

2 Whiltt. LiteraUy, and. The 
altercation was provoked by the 
king when intoxicated. 

3 Died. Not immediately. Ac- 
cording to the entry in the Four 
Masters, O'Carroll died "after 

victory of Unction and penance 
and after granting three hundred 
ounces of gold for love of the Lord 
to clerics and to churches." His 
death is given in the Annals of 
Innisf alien under the following 

This, most likely, is the true date. 
For according to a eulogistic obit 
in the Antiphonary of Armagh, he 



Lena, to meet the Men of Ireland, until they reached 
Grian-cliach, so that Mac Carthaigh came into his 
house and gave nine hostages to him on the occasion. 
And Munster was divided in two, between the son^ of 
Cormac [Mac Carthaigh] and Domnall Ua Briain 
and thrice twelve score cows were levied upon 
Munster in honour fine [of the killing] of Muircertach 
Ua Briain. So Ua Conchobair returned to his house. 
Donnchadh Ua Cerbaill, arch-king of Airgialla, was 
mangled with the [battle-]axe of a serving gillie of his 
own, namely, Ua Duibhne of Cenel-Eogain, whilst [lit., and] 
the king [was] drunk and he died 3 thereof. 

(The defeat 4 of Ath-in-chomair [was inflicted] upon Art 
Ua Mail-Sechlainn^nd the West of Meath were victors. 
" The Half-red [-faced] 5 Gillie," namely, Ua Concobair 
of Corcumruadh, was slain.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 4th feria, 29th of the moon, A.D. 
1169. Damhliac of [St.] Ciannan was burned. Diarmait 
Ua Mael-Sechlainn, king of Meath, was killed by the son of 
his brother, namely, by Doornail of Bregha 1 and by 
Donnchadh Ceinnselach Ua Ceallaigh. In the same year, 
Ruaidhri Ua Concobair, king of Ireland, gave 2 ten cows 


diedininO, B.I.I., T.C.D.: the 
left-hand page opposite the open- 
ing of the Calendar ; the luni-solar 
criteria of the year are given. See 
Petrie, Round Towels, p. 391, 
where for conuenf the MS. has 
conuefif lay-brothers (not, "con- 

4 The defeat, etc. This item is 
given in substance in the Annals 
of Boyle, and more circumstantially 
in the Four Masters. The other 
entry is given in both and in the 
Annals of Innisfallen. 

5 Half-red[-faced~]. Cf. the Feast 

of Bricriu (L. U. 106a, 11. 34-5): 
Drech lethderg, lethgdbur lalss 
countenance half-red, half white 
had he [lit., with him]. 

1169. 1 Domnall of Bregha. 
" Donell Bregagh (id est, liar)" ! C. 
But Bregach here is not from breg, 
a lie, but from Breg, (the plain of) 
Bregia, the eastern portion of 
Meath ; from having been fostered 
in which Domnall was so called. 

2 Gave. This endowment shows 
that O'Conor claimed to be supreme 
king of Ireland. 




(Fepcaip hlla Niallain, taipec Clainni-llacac, 
mopcuup epc. loin^ef Robep-omic Scemin-oo thacrxnn 
1 n-6pinn, hi popipn TYlic TTlupc<r5a. Hobnail hUa 
TnailTniaT)ai5,caipec TYluinnnpi-h&olaip, mopcuup epc. 
Conalac hUa x>malcai, pepleisin-o Cluana-mac- 
lloif 7 uapalpaccapr, quieuir.") 

]Cat. 1an. u\ p., L x*., CCnno "Domini 1T1. c. lxx. 
ConcoCafi, rnac ffluificejrccns hUi Loclainn, \n Ceneoil- 
Bogain 7 fiiT)OTnna 6penn uile, "oo nnafiba^ T)o CCe"5 bic 
TTlac Canae 1 7 -DO 2 Uib 2 -Ca^aca[i]n, T)ia-8aaiian Cafe, 
A sic a|\ lafi "Ciiin moi|i 1 n-CCp'o-TTlaca. | "Donnca'D Ceinn- 
fealac hUaCealtai "DO mapba'5 T>O LaigmC. 

(Sluaise-D 11 la Huai'Dfii hUa Concobaifi 7 la TTlail- 
Seaclajnn 7 la "Cisefinanlilla Ruaific7la TTIupca-ohllu 
CefiCuill cu liCCc-cbac 1 rr-aijiif caca-oo TTlac 1Tlu|ica'Da 
7 T>o'nT> 1apla. 1n can rjia yiotJa'oap. a|i i n-aigci ic 
^ipnaiT>i m caca, nucuppacpeisfec nucupacca-oap. 111 
7>un rpe ceiniT, i*oon, ceni "61 air^;. Uofoi T>ono iafi fen 
hUa Concubaip, iaji pemni-D cara -DO cabaipc fto. Uocuai'o 
lap, fein TTlac TDupcafa mn-CCc-cliar, mp caCaipc 
bpeirpi 7>o 5^ a ^ ai ^ CCca-cliar TO. Ocup popeall pop 
a Cpevcip 7 pomapba'5 T>aine inroa ann 7 poinnapb na 
alla. bpai^De TDic TTlupca-Da, i-oon, am[h]ac pein 7 
mac a m[h]ic, 1-oon, mac "Ooninaill Chaeriianaig 7 mac a 

c . c n. t. h., A ; om., B, C. 

A.D. 1170. l Coma., B. 22 -oUib=TX) llib, B. a n. t. h., a blank was left 
by the first scribe, A. b ' b 51o, f. m.; 51d, t. m. , n. t. h., with corresponding 
marks on the margin at end of the CCch- cliorh item and prefixed to 
the added entry, A ; om., B, C. 

3 Students.'' Scollera," C. ; not, 
"strollers [i.e. poor scholars]," as 
in O'Donovan (F. M. ii. 1174). 

* Ferchair, etc. All these entries 
are given by the Four Matters. 
The two first are found in the 
Annals of Boyle. 

*Fitz Stephen. See Gilbert's 
Viceroys of Ireland, p. 12 sq. 
Cambrensis (Exp. IHb. i. 3), states 
that he arrived with 390 men in 
three ships, landing at Bannow 
about May 1 . 

1170. 1 Wat killed. See the last 



every year from himself and from every king after him [1169] 
to doom to the lector of Ard-Macha, in honour of [St.] 
Patrick, to give lectures to students 3 of Ireland and 

(Ferchair 4 Ua Niallain, chief of the Clann-Uatach, died. 
The fleet of Robert Fitz Stephen 5 came to Ireland in aid of 
Mac Murchadha. Ragnall Ua Mailmiadhaigh, chief of 
Muinnter-Eolais, died. Conghalach Ua Tomaltaigh, 
lector of Cluain-mac-Nois and eminent priest, died.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 5th feria, 10th of the moon, A.D. [1170] 
1170. Concobhar, son of Muircertach Ua Lochlainn, 
king of Cenel-Eogain, royal heir of all Ireland, was killed 1 
by Aedh Mac Cana the Little and by the Ui-Caraca[i]n, 
Easter [Holy] Saturday [April 4], in the centre of the 
Great Third in Ard-Macha. Donnchadh Ceinnselach Ua 
Cellaigh was killed by the Leinstermen. 

(A hosting 2 by Ruaidhri Ua Conchobair and by Mael- 
Sechlainn and by Tigernan Ua Ruairc and by Murchadh 
Ua Cerbuill to Ath-cliath to give battle to Mac Mur- 
chadha and to the Earl. 3 When, however, they were face 
to face preparing for the battle, they noticed no[thing] q/V 
until they saw the fort on fire, that is, [by] fire of lightning. 
Howbeit, after that Ua Conchubair turned back, after 
refusal of battle was offered te him. Thereafter, Mac 
Murchadha went into Ath-cliath, after giving his word to 
the Foreigners of Ath-cliath. And he failed upon his 
word and many persons were killed there and he expelled 
the Foreigners. The hostages of Mac Murchadha, 
namely, his own son 4 and his grandson, that is, the son of 

k * 

(original) entry under 1167 

2 A hosting, etc. This hosting 
occurred prior to the second capture 
of Dublin, the chief item in the 
following entry. The sequence 

intended (textual note b-b) by the 
interpolator is consequently erro- 

*The Earl. Strongbow. See 
Gilbert, loc. tit. 

4 Son. Conchobar (Conor), the 


ccwiccUx ulcroti. 


c[h]omalra, ITJOII, mac l>Ui ChaellaiTDe, 7>o mapt>a-5 la 
Huai-opi hUa ConcuBaip, cpe aplac T3i|epnam lilli 
Rtiaipc. b ) 

CCc-cliac T>O mille-fc -DO T)biapmaic TTlacTTlufica-5a 7 
T>O OCllmupcai tf 8 cue leip anaip TO milliir& na hGpenn 
i 4 n-Diail a innapb[]a T>ap muip ap a pepunn pein 7 

a riiic -DO mapba-o. 'Cucpac -oono afi pofi ^allaiC CCca- 
cliac 7 puiiic-laipp 7 cucca cjia difi irm)a pop.puputri. 
T)o tnillcea -oono taigm 7 pi^-TTli-be, ecefi cella 7 
cuaca, leo 7 fiosabpac CCc-cbac 7 pufic-laipsi. 

nim mop ainpal T>O oenum Wn manac, iT>on, DO 
CCmlaim, mac Comapba pinnein mui^i-bile 7 T>O 
TTIa^nup TTlac "OuinnpleiPe, T>O 7115 UUco, co coipigilj 
Ula-D 7 co n-tllTraiC apcena, cenamora Tlflael-1fu, 
efpiic 7 5 1 ^ a ""0 TTlan 5 ai P r; 1^ a c Copmaic, comapba 
Comgaill 7 TTlael-Tinapcain, comapba pinnein co n-a 
mumnrepaiC : Toon, Coimcinol Canonac Riagulla co n-a 
n-abaTD, poop'oai^TTIael-fnoe'Doic hUa TTIopsaip, Lesaic 
Comapba pecaip, 1 Saball pacpaic, T>O innapba[t>] 
apin TTlainipap pocum-Daigpecap pein 7 -DO C apcain c co 
leip, ecep libpu 7 aitmi, bu 7 TMiiniu, eocu 7 caipciu 7 
na huile poem 01 lac ann o aimpip in Leglaic pempaici 

3 CCllma|\ , B. 4 a, A. cc an-afi5crn they tcere despoiled (lit., their 
despoiling), B : followed by C. 

only legitimate son of Mac Mur- ' 
roucrh. The phonetic form is 
accurately given by Cambrensis 
(Cnuchurum. Exp. Hib. i. 10). 

B Domnall Catmanach. Angli- 
cized Kavanagh. He was so 
called, according to Keating 
(O'Donovan, F. M. ii. 1143), from 
having been fostered at Cell- 
Caemhain (church of St. Caemhan ; 
Kilcavan, near Gorey, co. Wex- 
f ord ). He was the illegitimate son 
of Dermot and eponymous head of 

the Mac Morrough Kavanaghs. 
(See O'Donovan, F. M. iii., 20.) 

6 Ath-cliath. Opposite this word, 
on the right margin, in A, there 
is a Latin note which is partly 
cut away, in consequence of 
trimming the edges. The re- 
mainder is, except a few isolated 
words, wholly illegible. Iste [Mac] 
[Mur]chad . . filius . . 
uxorem . . Hiberniae . . . 
ab Hibcrnia ex[pulsus] in sui 
subsidium ad Hiberniam . . . 



Domnall Caemanach 5 and the son of his foster-brother, to [1170] 
wit, the son of Ua Caellaidhe, were killed by Kuaidhri 
Ua Conchubhair, through suggestion of Tigernan Ua 

Ath-cliath 5 was destroyed by Diarmait Mac Murchadha 
and by the transmarine men he brought with him from 
the east to destroy Ireland, in revenge for his expulsion 
over sea out of his own land and of the killing of his son. 
Howbeit, they inflicted slaughter upon the Foreigners of 
Athcliath and Port-lairgi and, on the other hand, many 
slaughters were inflicted upon themselves. Moreover, 
Leinster and the country of Meath, both churches and 
territories, were destroyed by them and they took Ath- 
cliath and Port-lairgi. 

A great, unbecoming deed was done by the monk, 
namely, by Amlaimh, son of the successor of [St.] Finnian 
of Magh-bile and by Maghnus Mac Duinnsleibhe [Ua 
Eochadha], king of Ulidia, along with the chiefs of 
Ulidia and with the Ulidians besides, except the bishop, 
Mael-Isu and Gilla-Domanghairt 7 Mac Cormaic, successor 
of [St.] Comgall and Mael-Martain, successor of [St.] 
Finnian, with their communities : that is, the Congrega- 
tion of Canons Regular, with their abbot, whom Mael- 
Moedoic Ua Morgair, Legate of the successor of [St.] Peter, 
instituted in Saball of [St.] Patrick, were expelled out of the 

turn primum . . . Maricium 
. . . atque . . 

The meaning was probably in 
substance that Mac Murrough was 
expelled from Ireland for the 
abduction of O'Rourke's wife and 
engaged Fitz Gerald and Fitz 
Stephen to aid him in recovering 
his kingdom. 

The textual entry displays con- 
siderable confusion. The order of 

the events is as follows : (1) East 
Leinster laid waste; (2) Dublin 
submits to Mac Murrough ; (3) 
Waterford taken with great loss 
of life ; (4) Dublin taken, 
followed by slaughter of the 
citizens j (5) Meath laid waste ; 
(6) Mac Murrough's son (and the 
other hostages) slain by. O'Conor. 

7 Gilla-Domanghairt. See 1058, 
note 2, supra. 


ccwicclcc ulcroti. 


conice pein, cenmorac na inaip 7 na capai pobarap 5 
impu ipin-o uaip pein, cpia popmac 7 bai-5 collaiT>e 
7 fame onoipi T>6 pein. Uaip poT>i cuipp erap 
T)pocaic-ata e apan ab-oame, cpia cuipiti 
S. Uc ! Uc! Uc !cpa. TTIaips Tx>p6ne 7maip5 
ri]\ d 1 Ti-'De|iiiaV in ^nim. CCcc ni oecai'5 cen mnecaT> 7 
o'n Coinrois ; tiaiji pomanbaic 1 n-oinpecc 3 o 
nariiar; na coifi T>ofione 7 po?;ona < D in fii 7 
gaji bic laprain co bainpeccnac* i]^n baile i ii- - oenna > D 
in comaiple ainpinen pn, iT)on, i n-T)un. "Oia-TTlaifiC 
cfia po-oicuipe-b 111 CoiniciiioL "OicHTIaific rna, c i cmn 
blicrfena, pomapbaic maici ULa-D 7 fiogona'o a 7115. T)ia- 
TTlaifir;, saiyiic lanrain, pomafibcro e pein o [a] oeji- 
bnacaip 1 n-"Oun. Thanmcnc hUa CCnibpeic, 10 |\i hlla- 
TTIeic 7 coifec majficfluai^i ni CCi tig, T>O manba-o -DO 
longaif ramie a h1nnpt5-0pcc ifin innfi nocumcaige-D 
aca pein pop Lod-ftur6e/ roon, pop 1nip-tacmn. f 

]CaU1an. ui-*p., t. xx. i.,' CCn no "Domini m. c. lxx.i. 
Thapmait; TTlac TTlupcaf)a, pi Coici-5 taien, lap 
millof* ceall n-inrDa 7 cuox, TK> ec i pepna, cen 
on^a-o, cen Copp Cpipr, cen aicpip, cen cimna, i 
n-emec Cotuim-cille 7 pinnem 7 na naem apcena, 1- 
pa cella porhitl- CCpcalt, mac "Copcaitl, pi CCca- 

B bacayxB. 8< oeo , A. 7 mnea , A. 8 oin[f?]ecc (pom.), A. 'han- 
peccna, B. 10 CCmpeit, A. d d repeated without being deleted, B. om., 
A. " n. t. h. (from Tlui'oe inclusive), A. Omitted by oversight, most likely. 

A.D. 1171. aa n. t. h., on blank left by firstscribe, A. 

8 Droehait-atha. The monastery 
of Mellifont, near Drogheda 
( Drochait-atha Bridge of the Ford), 
if intended. The charges against 
Amlaimh, abbot of Saul (Sabhall), 
co. Down, were investigated in 
that community, with the result 
etated in the text. 


9 For, etc. See the fifth 
under the following year. 

10 Hekimtelf. That is, the king. 
The monk, Amlaimh, became 
bishop (11 75, infra"). 

1171. 1 Without Unction, etc.-- 
In the List in L.L. (p. 39d), on the 
other hand, he is said to have died 



monastery they themselves built and were despoiled com- [1170] 
pletely, both of books and furniture, cows and persons, 
horses and sheep and all things they had collected therein 
from the time of the Legate aforesaid to then, save the 
tunics andjt^e capes which were upon them at that hour, 
througbcarnabjealousy and jsC^-love and desire of honour 
for himself. FoHh~e~monks of Drochait-atha 8 deposed him 
from the abbacy [of Saball] for j ust causes. Alas ! alas ! alas ! 
in sooth. Woe who did and woe the country wherein was 
done the deed. But it went not without vengeance from 
the Lord ; for 9 the chiefs who did it were killed at one and 
the same time by a few enemies and the king was wounded 
and killed unhappily a little while after, in the place 
wherein that unrighteous counsel wasdecided upon, namely, 
in Dun. Now, on Tuesday the Congregation was expelled ; 
on Tuesday, at the end of a year, the nobles of Ulidia were 
killed and the king was wounded ; on Tuesday, a little 
after, he himself 10 was killed by his brother in Dun. 
Diarmait Ua Ainbfheith, king of Ui-Meith and leaderof the 
horse-host of the king of Ailech, was killed by a fleet that 
came from the Islands of Orcc to the Island that was 
built by himself upon Loch-Ruidhe, namely, upon Inis- 

Kalends of 'Jan. on 6th feria, 21st of the moon, A.D. [1171] 
1171. Diarmait Mac Murchadha, king of the Fifth of 
Leinster, after destroying many churches and territories, 
died in Ferna without Unction, 1 without Body of Christ, 
without penance, without a will, in reparation to Colum- 
cille and Finnian and to the saints besides, whose churches 
he destroyed. Ascall, 2 son of Torcall, king of Ath-cliath 

in the 61st year of his age and the 
46th of hie reign, after victory of 
Unction and penance. The com- 
piler of the List adds : Saxain 

iar sin (The Saxons after that) 
miserabiliter regnant. Amen, 
^ Ascall John l Seethe account 


ccimcclcc ulcroti. 


clia 760011 (meap b ) a hlrmpitj-Opc (cainic b a popcacc 
CCfcailL 7 Shall CCra-cliat b ) T>O mapba-D 7>o na 
allait> cecna. "Oomnalt c hUa pocapca, pi eile-T>eip- 
cipr, -DO Tnapbai) la OppcnptJ." 8aT>t>, ingen gluin- 
iaipnn TTlic TTIupeaik^coTnapba Opi|re, *DO ec 1 n-aipi|e. 
Cpectnop la TT!a?;mip TTlac"Ouinnpleit>e co n-UllcaiC 
inle i Cuil-in-mairce[i]pc, co poaipgpec Cuil-parain 7 
cealla aile, co pucpcrc; uarxro bee T>O Chenel-eogam 
poppo d , im Concobufi lla Cara[i]n 7 co cuq'ar cliara^ 7 
co fiomafibfac -peyi ap. pcic 2 , ecep coif ecu 7 macu coifec 1 
7 focaif>e aile maille )?|iiu 7 poj;oncr5 TTla^nuf pein. d 
Ocup m TTIapiuf i^in "oono, | -Domafiba-o saijiic iaficam e 
, iT>on d , T)'a T)epbparai|i pem 7 T>O ^illa- 
TTlac ^illa-efpuic, 1-0011, -Do^pecraipe 1Tlonac,i 
n-"Oun,.iafi n-olcaiC moyiait5 inTDait5 T)OT)eiium T>6 : iT>on, 
iap lecuT> a ifina popca pein 7 lap m-bpeir a nmd o [a] 
aim, 1TKM1, o Cboin-maip blla 3 pblainn 7 f i ac a oefibpa- 
, i-oon, ic CCe-5 ; lajacabaifH; eicm -Do d -oono 
mnai a T>ei\bpafa|i aile, IT>OTI, Ooca-oa ; ia]i payinpi-fe 
cloc 7 bacall, cleipec 7 celL "Ooniifleit5e -DO |:abail 
i 1' n-a f "Dejai-b. CCne, ingen TTlicT)uinnfleit5e, |n|an 
T)O ec. IDai-Drn (iT>on,* Tnai-om m luairfie-o*) 
liUa Ruaipc 7 -pop h pepaiB TDi-De 7 ap 
uip imal[l]e 4 ofi -paicci CCra-cliac pi a 
Tnilo*oe Cocan 5 con-a mumnrep, DU 1 copcaip pocait>e 

A.D. 1171. 'coipuc, A. *ix. ir, A, B. *O, A. 4 male (aphaeresis of i), 
A. "^ogan, B. b ill., n. t. h., A ; om., B, C. Kb ill., n. t. h., A ; om., B, C. 
c-com., B, C. d om., A. IQJX fein after that, B. n-a (aphaeresis of 
i), A, " c. m., n. t. h., A, C; IllaTDtn an luatp.15, ^ectin-Dum quopxim 
Defeat of the Athes, according to totne, r. m., n. t. h., B. h ayi on, B. 

of their deaths in Giraldus Cam- 
lironsis (Exp. Htb.), or Gilbert (ubi 
sup. p. 19 sq. ). 

3 Mad. Duce Johanne ag- 
nomine the Wode, quod Latine 

sonat Insano, vel Vehementi (Exp. 
Hib. i. 21). 

4 Cuil-in-tuaisceirt. Corner of the 
North (of co. Antrim); in which 
Cuil-rathain, Comer of the fern, 
Coleraine, is situated. 


and John 3 (the Mad) from the Islands of Ore (who came [H7l] 
in aid of Torcall and of the Foreigners of Ath-cliath) 
were killed by the same Foreigners. Domnall Ua 
Focarta, king of the South of Eili, was killed by the 
Ossorians. Sadhbh, daughter of Iron-knee Mac Murchadha, 
successor of [St.] Brigit [i.e. abbess of Kildare] died in 
penance. Great foraying force [was led] by Maghnus 
Mac Duinnsleibhe [TJa Eochadha] with all Ulidia into 
Cuil-in-tuaisceirt 4 , so that they plundered Cuil-rathain and 
other churches, until a small number of the Cenel-Eogain 
under Conchobur Ua Cathain overtook them and gave battle 
and killed one and twenty men, both chiefs and sons of 
chiefs, and a multitude of others along with them. And 
Maghnus himself was wounded. And moreover that 
Maghnus was killed shortly after in Dun by 
Donusleibhe, that is, by his own brother and by 
Gilla-Oenghusa Mac Gilla-espuic, namely, by the 
lawgiver of Monaio-h, 5 after great evils hud been done 
by him, namely, after leaving his own wedded wife 
and after -taking his wife from his fosterer, that is, 
from Cu-maighi Ua Flainn and she [had been] the wife 
of his own brother at first, namely, of Aedh ; after inflict- 
ing violence upon the wife of his other brother also, that 
is, of Eochaidh ; after profanation of bells and croziers, 
clerics and churches. Donnsleibhe took the kingship in 
his stead. Ane, daughter of the Mac Duinnsleibhe [Ua 
Eochadha] queen of Airghialla, 6 died. Defeat (namely, 
the Defeat of the Ashes 7 ) [was inflicted] upon Tigernan 
Ua Ruairc and upon the Men of Meath and upon the Men 
of Fern-magh, all together, on the Green of Ath-cliath 

3 Lawgiver of Monaigh. "The 
monks heard, or servant ! " C. The 
translator took Monaigh, a local 
name, to be genitive of manach a 

6 Queen of A irgkialla. According 

to the entry in the Four Masters, 
she was wife of Murrough O'Car- 
roll, king of that territory. 

7 Defeat of the Ashes. So called 
perhaps from having been inflicted 
on Ash-Wednesday. But Cam- 


ccwiccloc ulcroTi. 

Tn6fi,nn CCeT>MlttUuo:ipc,pi 
htla-bfutnn 7 (^onmaicne. Romapbta T>ono atin coic 
coipge T)O pepai15 pepn-mtnse, 17)011, ftlael-Tnocca TTlac 
Conpebla 7 ConcoBup, a 7>epbparaip, Tjaroipec Cheneoil- 
peprr5ai. penH) hlla Con^aile, cainnel gaipci-B 7 
einij; Oip5iall,Tnopcuui'' epr;.' ft agnail hUa 
coipec Clainm-Ruccopac ; ^illa-^eimfii^ TT^ac-i 
coifec peia-T)apcaca 7 focai-5e aite maille pfiiu, non 
lon^e pope ftippaT)icra, -Decimo fearno ]CateiiT)af Nouem- 
A52a ^r" [mojict?! ftmc]. | llenic m Vlibepniam tlenpictip 
(mac b n a peipip b ), pocencifpmiif ]iex CCiigtiae ec iT>em 
"Oux "Mopinanni[a]e ec CCqtnr;ani[a]e ec Comey CCn-oe- 
^auu[a]e ec atiajiiini Tnutcaptim ceppapum oommup, cum 
7>uceiicif qtiaT)|ia5inT:a nauibuf. (ComeroJ epn ppimup 
a-ouenr^ip Shaxanac in hibepmam.') Ocuf caimc hi cip 
oc pupc-lapp 7 pogaB giallti TTluman. "Came lap fem 
co hCCc-cbox 7 pogaB giatlti Laijen 7 pep mite 7 blla- 
Tn-bpunn 7 CCip^iall 7 Utcro. Perpup (bl1a b TTlop^a b ), 
epipcopup blla-TTlaine 7 Connacc (no, k eppuc Cltiana- 
pepca-Openam'D k ), manac cpaifroec 7 pep auTX>p'Da, T>O 
bcrou'S ipin r-8mainT) (iT)on, b ic pupc-T>a-Chaine<5 b ), 1*0* 
epc, pexco ]CatenT)ap lanuapn. 1 

(T^omap Caricuapenpip Tnapcipizacup. "Oomnall 
bUa TTlait-muaiT), pi pep-Cell, occipup [epc]. ITIael- 
cpon TYIac ?5iHi-8ectiGntl, pi "Oeipce[i]pc bpe, 

8 0e|\ , A. om., A. J-J 1. m., t. h., A ; om., B, C. ** 1. m., n. t. li., 
A ; om., B, C. 1-l .1. ui. kt. lenai]i (the native rendering of the Laliu of A), 
B. mm 51d, r. m., n. t. h., A; om., B, C. un 5i d, f. m n n. t. h., A; 
om., B, C. 

brensis states that it took place 
about Sept. 1 (Exp. Bib. i. 29). 

8 Son of the Empress. Opposite 
Mac no. Peiriti, on the right margin, 
in B, by another hand is : Alias, na 
hlmptra[si],quia fait, Impei [atricit] 
filius Otherwise, [son] of the 

Emprets [Matilda], etc. (The 
brackettcd letters were cut off in 
trimming the edge.) The mean- 
ing is that hlmptrasi was the true 
reading, being derived from Imper- 
ative. Also, on the centre margin, 
is written: Rex Angliae renit in 



by Milo De Cogan with his people, wherein fell a large 
number around Aedh Ua Ruairc, king of Machaire- 
Gaileng and royal heir of the Ui-Briuin and Conmaicni. 
There were also killed there five chiefs of the Men of 
Fern-magh [and two others], namely, Mael-Mochta Mac 
Confhebla and Conchobhur, his brother, two chiefs of 
Cetiel-Feradhaigh. Fenidh Ua Conghaile, candle of the 
championship and hospitality of Oirghialla. died. Ragh- 
nall Ua Tuathchair, chief of Clann-Ruadhrach ; Gilla- 
geimridh Mac-in-Ghaband, chief of Fir-Darcacha and a 
number of others along with them died not long after the 
aforesaid events, on the 16th of the Kalends of November 
[Oct. 17]. There came into Ireland Henry (son of the 
Empress 8 ), most puissant king of England and also Duke 
of Normandy and Aquitaine and Count of Anjou and Lord 
of many other lands, with. 240 ships. (So that that was 
the first advent of the Saxons into Ireland.) And he came 
to land at Port-lairgi and received the pledges of Munster. 
He came after that to Ath-cliath and received the pledges of 
Leinster and of the Men of Meath and of the Ui-Briuin and 
Airgialla and Ulidia. Peter (Ua Mordha), bishop of Ui- 
Maine of Connacht (otherwise, 9 bishop of Cluain-ferta 
of [St.] Brenann), a devout monk and authoritative man, 
was drowned in the Sinand (namely, at Port-da- Chaineg), 
namely, on the 6th of the Kalends of January [Dec. 27]. 

(Thomas of Canterbury is martyred. 10 Domnall Ua 
Mail-muaid, king of Fir-cell, was slain. 11 Mael-cron 12 Mac 
Gilli-Sechnaill, king of the South of Bregha, dies.) 


Hiberniam hoc anno. For Henry's 
doings in Ireland, see Benedict of 
Peterborough and Hoveden (A.D. 

^Otherwise. The Ui-Maine of 
Connaught included the diocese of 
Clonfert. The alternative reading 
is that given in the Annals oflnnls- 
f alien and of Boyle. 

10 Martyred. On December 29 of 
the preceding year, in the Cathedral 
of Canterbury. Sec the account 
in Benedict of Peterborough 
(ad an). 

11 Slain. By the people of Moa- 
aghan, according to the F.M. 

12 Mael-cron. Given in the Four 

M 2 



[bt r .] 


}Cal. 1an. un.* p., a L, n., CCnno "Domini TTI. c.lxx.iv 
Hi Saxan (it>on, llenpicc, mac na pepipi b )TK)ftul a hGpinn 
"Oia-"Domnai5 Cape, lapceilebpaftCCipppmn. "Ci^epnan 
hlla Uuaipc, pi bpeipne 7 Conmaicne, pep 1 cumacca 
mope ppi pe pora, T>O mapbaft T>O 8haxanait5 cema 7 T>O 
"Oomnall, mac CCnnaift, T)ia cemul pem imaille 2 ppiu. CC 
01 cenn aft *oono DoiTJ 7 a cenn 7 a copp TJO bpeic co 7>ocpaift 
B 54a co hCCc-cliox. 1n cenn | T>O cogbail pop "oopup m T)uine 
i n-a P5ac3>ep5 cpua^ T>O ^haiftelaiC. 1n copp T>ono "DO 
cpocaft i n-inui> aile 7 a coppa puap. "Cigepnac hlla 
THael-Goin, comapba Ciapain (Cluana d -mac-14oip d ), 
(ftneuic m Chpipro. Inip-Gogam 7>o [pjapuguft la Cenel- 
Conaill 7 ap -DO cop pop a T>oenit5. c TTIai7>m pop Cenel-n- 
6oam la plaicbepcac hlla TTIael'Dopaift 7 la Cenel- 
Conaill 7 dp lanmop T>O cop poppn. TTlipbuilcpa T>O 
noemait5 m CoimDeft 3 in 4 ni pin, 4 i-oon, -DO pacpaic 7 T>O 
Colnm-cille7 T>O na naemaiC apcena,ipa cella pomillpec. 
1Tlael-THinpe c TTIac TTItipcafta, coipec TThnnnrepi-bipn 
7 r [ 1 ]f e [^] 7 1 11 hlla-n-Gcac, T>O mapbaft la hCCeft TTIac 
Oengupa 7 la Clainn-CCefta* hUa'-n-ecroac tllaft. Lan- 
ctiaipc Coicift Connacc in cerpamaft peer la illa 1Tlac 
Liac, comapba parpaic, iT>on, la Ppimaic 5 Gpenn, co 
hCCpTj-TTlaca. "Domnall hlla epf;ail, api) roipec Con- 
maicne, 7>o mapbaft la mumncep pig Saxan. 5 1 ^ a " 
CCefta, eppuc Copcaip, pep Ian TK) par "Oe, m bona 
penecruce quieuic. 

A.D. 1172. 1 \&a\\, A. 2 male (aphaeresis of i). A. 3 -oej, B. 
4 - 4 itiipm, A. 8 ini).xiit (chief prophet !}, B. n. t. h., on blank left by 
scribe, A. "> itL, n.t. h., A ; om., B, C. om., B, C. d ^ partly on c. m., 
partly on Lin., n.t.h., MS. (A). - ear>a htli , MS. (A). 

1172. 1 The king. Opposite these 
words, on the centre margin in B, 
is : Sediit in AngUam. According 
to Benedict, the royal retinue sailed 
on Easter Sunday and the king on 
the following day. 

3 With. Laterally, and. 

3 Mael-oin. Devotee of [St.] 
John (the Evangelist). This may 
be the Maeliohain eptcop (Mael- 
Johain, bishop) of the Clonmacnoipe 
tombstone (O'D., F.M. iii. 4). 



Kalends of Jan. on 7th feria, 2nd of the moon, A.D. [1172 Bis.] 
1172. The king 1 of the Saxons (namely, Henry, son of 
the Empress) went from Ireland on Easter Sunday [April 
16], after celebration of Mass. Tigernan Ua Ruairc, king 
of Breifni and Conmaicni, a man of great power for a long 
time, was killed by the same Saxons and by Domnall, son of 
Annadh [Ua Ruairc] of his own clan along with them. 
He was beheaded also by them and his head and his body 
were carried ignominiously to Ath-cliath. The head was 
raised over the door of the fortress, a sore, miserable 
sight for the Gaidhil. The body was hung in another 
place, with 2 its feet upwards. Tigernach Ua Mael-Eoin, 3 
successor of Ciaran (of Cluain-mac-Nois), rested in peace. 
Inis-Eogain was wasted by the Cenel-Conaill and 
slaughter inflicted upon its inhabitants. Defeat [was in- 
flicted] upon the Cenel-Eogain by Flaithbertach Ua 
Maeldoraidh and by the Cenel-Conaill and great slaughter 
was put upon them. A marvel [wrought] by the saints 
of God [was] that thing : namely, by Patrick and by 
Colum-cille and by the saints besides, whose churches 
they destroyed. Mael-Muire Mac Murchadha, chief of 
Muinnter-Birn and chief and king of the Ui-Echach, was 
killed by Aedh Mac Oenghusa and by the Clann-Aedha 
of the Ui-Echach of Ulidia. The full circuit [cess] of the 
Fifth of Connacht [was carried] for the fourth time by 
Gilla Mac Liac, successor of Patrick, namely, by the 
Primate of Ireland, to Ard-Macha. Domnall Ua Fergail, 
arch-chief of Conmaicni, was killed by the people of the 
king of the Saxons. Gilla- Aedha, 4 bishop of Cork, a man 
full of the grace of God, rested in good old age. 

4 Gilla- Aedha. Devotee of (St.) 
Aed (perhaps of Kahugh, co. West- 
meath). Accordingto the obit in the 
Four Masters (where the surname 
is O'Muidhin O'Muigin, Annals 

of Boyle, which was unknown to 
O'Donovan, iii. 3), he had been a 
monk of Errew in Lough Con, co. 
Mayo. In the Annals of Innisf alien, 
he is called bishop (the compiler 


ccwicclcc ulccoli. 



(nriupcaT> f TTlac TTluficcrba 7 fflupcai) hUa bp[i]ain 
occip f tmr. itla-CpipT;,mac comapba Ciajfiain Ctuana- 
mac-Woif, quieuic. "Chapmen) liUa Caellui-be occipup 

}caL 1an. .' .,'l.x. 111. .CCnno "Domini 171 . c. txx. 111. 
Cinae6 hUa Rona[i]n, eppuc ^linne-'oa-loca, 1 -DO cum- 
pana-o co [fiamail]. TYluipe-oac hUa CoCcai^, 3 eppoc 

Cene[oi]t-eosain 7 "Cuaifce^lfic 6penn uile, in mac 
oge 7 m tec lo^muji 7 in gem glome 7 in fieclu fotufca 
7 -Cifn TOijce'Sa iiiD 3 ecnai 3 7 cnoeC cnuapai na Canoine 
7 C ropu|i na T>e|\ce 7 na cennfa 7 na hailgeme 7 m 
coluim apglonie cfiai-be 7111 ctnjrcuin. CL]\ ennga 7 in 
noem T)e ecep. T501H1C, ian. n-o|iT)ne'5 T)O fxicanr; 7 T>eo- 
caine 7 oerfa] ceca ^fiai-b aficena, iT>on, feccmosa* 1 
facan.c, 7 ia^ n-arnupro ectup ii-inr5a 7 iaji coipecnxro 

cempall 7 fieilec 7 ian.n-T>enum mami^pec 7 n.eiclep n- 
inroa 7 cec[a] LuCjiai eclufcaccai ayicena 7 ian. ci-onucul 
7 ecaig T>O boccaib, lap m-buai'D cn.abar> 7 oiLicpi 7 
, 4 n.opai'b 5 a fpifiur; 'oocum nime 1 n-T)ub]ieiclep 
Coluim-cille i n-"Oaiiie, 1 quafic ID pebfiai, m pexca 
[fepcima] pe^ia. "Oo]iona'b T>ono mifibuil mop, 
ai-bce a-obar, m a-oaig 6 T>O folufcusu-fe o ca 
co gaipm m coitig 7 m "oomaii uile pop, layxro 7 coepmop 

" I. m., n. t h., A ; om., B, C. 

A.D. 1173. l laca, A. 2 Covc , B. 3 'nahecna (i.e. the scribetook 
the word to be feminine), B. * 51, A. * poeTD, B. 6 agai'O, B. * n. t. h., 
on space left blank, A. fc-b in pace quieuic (the Latin equivalent of tho 
A text), B, C. =- om., B, C. d .Ixx., MS. (A). 

evidently deemed it superfluous to 
add the place) and head of the piety 
of Ireland. In the Ann a It of Boyle 
he is called bishop of Cork. 

8 Murchtidh, etc. The first 
and third of these entries are found 
in the Annals of Boyle and the F.M., 

6 Were slain. Insimul occisi suut, 
A nnals of Boyle. 

1 Qilla-Crist. Detotee of Chritt. 
He may have been the son of 
O'Malone, who died this year. 

1 1 73 . l Bishop of Ccnel-Eogain. 
That is, of Deny (North of Ireland 
may signify Raphoe). This proves 



(Murchadh 5 Mac Murchadha and Murchadh Ua Briain |"1172] 
were slain. 6 Gilla-Crist, 7 son of the successor of Ciaran of 
Cluain-mac-Nois, rested. Diarmod Ua Caellaidhe was 

Kalends of Jan. on 2nd feria, 13th of the moon, A.D. [1173] 
1173. Cinaeth Ua Rona[i]n, bishop of Glenn-da- locha, 
restec}. Muiredhach Ua Cobhthaigh, bishop of Cenel- fa fa 
Eogain 1 and of all the North of Ireland, the son of chastity 
and the precious stone and the gem of purity and the 
shining star and the preserving casket of wisdom and the 
fruitful branch of the Canon and the fount of charity and 
meekness and kindliness and the dove for purity of heart 
and the turtle for innocence and the saint of God among 
men, after ordaining priests and deacons and persons of 
every [church-]grade besides, namely, seventy priests and 
after renovating many churches and after consecrating 
churches and cemeteries and after building many monas- 
teries and regular churches and [performing] every 
ecclesiastical work besides and after bestowal of food and 
clothing to the poor, after victory and piety and penance 
and pilgrimage, he sent forth his spirit unto heaven in the 
Penitentiary of Colum-cille in Daire, on the 4th of the Ides 
[10th] of February, on the 6th [recte, 7th] feria. 2 Now, a 
great marvel was wrought on the night he died, the 
night was illuminated from Nocturn 3 to the call of the 

that O'Brolchain was not made 
bishop of the first-named see in 
1158 (supra). 

2 6th feria. Sixth feria is the 
reading of the Annals of Loch Ce also. 
From this it is evident that the 
compiler did not understand these 
criteria, but copied what he found 
in the MS. The Four Masters 
omit the week-day. 

In 1173, February 10 fell on 
the seventh feria, or Saturday. 

3 Nocturn. Literally, afterri&ing; 
here employed to denote midnight. 
The time and rationale are given 
in the Vita Columbae and Navigatio 
Brandaid. Media nocte, pulsata 
personante clocca, f estinus surgene, 
ad ecclesiam pergit (Vita Col. iii. 
23). Vir Dei et qui cum illo erant 


rnmcclGC ulcrol). 

reined T)'eipp op in bcnle 7 a TXX-C poip&ep 7 eip^i TX> 
cac uite, iiiT>ap Leo pob' e in laa. Ocup poboi amlai'5 pcm 
pe muipanaip. Grpu hllaTVh'a'fcacain, eppuc Cluana, in 
bona penecctice quietnc. Cpec mop la CCe'b Iliac 
Oen^upa 7 la Clainn-CCe"5a, co poaipcper *Cpian mop 
(i* n-CCpT>-TTIaca e ). Ocup pomapbaft in pep fin i cim> cpi 

ion, n-apcam CCifiT)-TT)aca 7)0. 

("OomnalU bp^egac hlla TTlail-[81i]eclainn, j^i TTIi-be, 
obnc. Tnael-TTlocca hlla pia-obpa (no g , hlla 1Tlail- 
[8h]eclainn'),abbCluana-inac-Moif,qineuic. TTIael-1fu 
TTlac m Oaiiro, epycop Cluana-peyica bpenaim), quieuic. 
1map, mac [TTlic] Cangamna' [coi^ec niuinTn|ie-TTlail- 

n.m.*.,l. xx.iin.,CCnno"Oomini m. c 
plann 1 hlla ^opma[i]n, afi-Dpefileipnn CCip-D-TTlaca 7 

B fi4b 6penn | uile, pep eolac, ^ornaiTCamail 1 n-ecna *Diaf>a 7 
oomunDa, lap m-beic bbafiain ap picic b 1 "Ppancait5 7 i 
SaxanaiB ic po|laim 7 pce b bliafam ic pollanmusa'D 
pcol n-Gpenn, crcba co piraiTiail 1 rpeTecim c ]Callann e 
CCppibp, "Oia-Cecam pia Caipc, pepuia^epimo aeranp 
pu[a]e anno. TTlael-pacpaic Oana[i]n, eppuc Com>eipe 

A 520 7 "Oail-CCpai-be, pep eipnucnec, Ian T>O noeime | 7 T>O 
cennpa 7 "DO laine cpii>e, *oo ec co lanpeccnac i n-h1 

itl., n. t. h., A. ; om., B, C. t( n. t. h., A ; om., B, C. KK itl., MS. (A). 
A.D. 1174. 1 ptoT\innc(=Florentiu8), A. 2 Comvoe, B. n. t. h., 
on blank space, A. b .ix., A, B. ^jcni. kt., A, B. 

dederunt corpora quieti, usque ad 
tertiam noctis vigiliam [i.e. mediam 
noctem]. Evigilans vero vir Dei, 
suscitavit fratres ad vigilias noctis 
(jYp. Bran. c. T). 

* Call of the cock. The OaUici- 
iiium (3 a.m.) is meant. 

8 By the sea on the east (re mttir 
anair). That is, in Scotland. The 
expression is employed in this 
ttenae in the obit of Malcolm Cenn- 

mor, 1165 (supra). The meaning- 
less reading of B is : co romhuir in 
aair to that it octrcame the [tiiyht] 
air. Following this, C renders it 
" untill the ayer was cleered." 

6 Cluain[-a(i)rard']. The square 
bracketted portion is given in C. 

7 Great Third. See supra, A.D. 
1074, not 5. 

8 Domnall, etc, Domnall of 



cock* and the whole world [was] a-blaze and a large mass 
of fire arose over the place and went south-east and every 
one arose, it seemed to them it was the day. And it was like 
that by the sea on the east. 5 Etru Ua Miadhachain, bishop 
of Cluain[-a(i)rar(T}7 r res^ed in good old age. Great foray 
by Aedh Mac Oenghusa and by the Clann-Aedha, so that 
they pillaged the Great Third 7 (in Ard-Macha). And that 
man was killed before three months, after the pillaging of 
Ard-Macha by him. 

(Domnall 8 Ua Mael-[Sh]echlainn the Bregian, king of 
Meath, died. Mael-Mochta 9 Fa Fiadbra (or 10 Fa Mael- 
[Sh]echlainn), abbot of Cluain-mac-Nois, rested. Mael- 
Isu Mac-in-Baird, 11 bishop of Cluain-ferta of [St.] Brenann, 
rested. Imar 12 son [of Mac] Cargamna [chief of Muinnter- 
Mail-Shinna, dies].) 

Kalends of Jan. on 3rd feria, 24th of the moon, A.D. 
1174. Flann Fa Gorma[i]n, arch-lector of Ard-Macha 
and of all Ireland, a man learned,^bseryant in divine and 
human wisdom, after having been a year and twenty 
learning amongst the Franks and Saxons and twenty years 
directing the schools of Ireland, died peacefully on the 
13th of the Kalends of April [March 20], the Wednesday 
before Easter, in the 70th year of his age. Mael-Patraic 
O'Banain, 1 bishop of Condeiri and Dal- Araidhe, a venerable 
man, full of holiness and of meekness and of purity of 
heart, died full piously in I[ona] of Colum- cille, after 


Bregha was slain. Annals of Boyle. 
He was fostered in Bregia. 

9 Mochta. The patron saint of 

10 Or, etc. This is the surname 
given in the P.M. The remaining 
items are found in the Annals of 

31 Mac-in-Baird. Son of the Bard. 

Anglicized Mac Ward. The family 
were hereditary poets of O'Kelly 
of Hy-many (O'Donovan, F. M. iii. 

12 Imar, etc. Given in the Annals 
of Boyle. 

1174. 1 O'Banain. See Reeves, 
Adamnan p. 408, and the works 
there referred to. 




CoLuim-cille iap 
mac Ruai*5pi, comapba paqunc, ap-oeppuc 7 ppimaic 
CCip'o-TYlaca 7 Gpenn uile, mac oge Ian 'oo laine cpifte 
7 *oo picamla, -DO ec co peccnac iap d f enTxrcait> cogai'be'', 
i' pexc Jcalann CCppil," "Dia-Cecam lap Caipc, occo- 
gepmo pepcimo aecacip f uae anno, epipcopacup haucem 
cpigefimo ^pcimo. Roboi in pep, uapat pin ye' bba^na 
oec' co lanonopac 1 n-aVoame Cotuim-cille 1 n-*0aipe 
pia comupbup pacpaic. ^ilta-fnocaiT)beo, abb ITlain- 
peuaip 7 poil 1 n-CCp-o-lTlaca, mo cpebaip, 
T>o'n CoinrDig, TX) ec ppiT)ie g jCaleiToaf* CCppibp, 
pepcuagepimo [ajecacip pu[a]e anno. 

(Car "Oupluip la "Oomnall hlla m-bpiam 7 la Con- 
cobup maenmaip pop muinn^p mic na pepipi (1*0011, 
pig Saxan 1 )- ITlaelpuanaij; hlla CiapTa, pi Caipppi, 
occipup epc. 8enoT> bippa h . CC.iT). 1174. TTlael-1pu 
hUaConnacca[i]n, epipcopup Shil-TTluipecais, quieuic. 
CCmlaim hUa Cum*o, caipeacTHuinncipi-5ill5a[i]n moii- 
cuupepc. TTluipsiup hUa "OuBraig, cec abb na Ouille, 

B, C. 1 .ui. kl. CCpjXil, B; .1. .ui. kl. CCpjiilif, A- bU, A, B. s .11. kt, A, B. h n. t. h., A; om., B, C. iU., 
MS. (A.). JJ 52b, f.m., n. t. h., A; om., B, C. 

d - d om. 

2 Son of Ruaidhri. In the colo- 
phon to the exquisite Evangeliste- 
rium of Mael-Brigte in the British 
Museum (Harleian, 1802, fol. 
156b). Cf. Appendix to Report 
on Rymer't Foedera, Supplement, 
PI. XVI. ; Reeves, Proc. HI. A. 
T. 62-3), he is called grand- 
son of Ruaidhri, According to an 
interlinear gloss in the original 
hand he was ion of the poet of the 
Ui-Birn mac im> [p]ifi Txina TK> 
[U]ib-t)ifui (a Tyrone sept whose 
territory bounded part of Monag- 

han). In the list of Succetsors of 
Patrick (L. L. 42d), he is likewise 
styled son of the poet. 

8 March 27th, the Wednetday 
afttr Easter. The F.M. copj these 
data and, nevertheless, place the 
obit under 1173, a year in which 
the Wednesday in Easter week fell 
on April 11 ! 6'Donovan left th 
error unconnected (Ui. 13). 

Gelasius is given in the Martyr- 
ology of Donegal at March 27. 

4 87th of his age. He was conse- 
quently born in 1087. Yet O'Conor 



choice old age. Gilla Mac Liac [Gelasius], son of [H74] 
Ruaidhri, 2 successor of Patrick, archbishop and primate of 
Ard-Macha and of all Ireland, son of chastity, full of purity 
of heart and of peace, died piously after choice old age, on ^ U^ 
the 6th of the Kalends of April [March 27], the "Wednesday 
after Easter, 3 in the 87th year of his age, 4 the 37th of his 
episcopacy. 5 That noble man was sixteen years full 
honourably in the abbacy of Colum-cille in Daire before 
[receiving] the succession of Patrick. Gilla-Mochaidbeo, 6 
abbot of the Monastery of Peter and Paul in Ard-Macha, 
a diligent, steadfast servant to the Lord, died on [Sunday] 
the 2nd of the Kalends of April [March 31], in the 70th 
year of his age. 

(The battle 7 of Durlus [was gained] by Domnall Ua 
Briain and by Conchobur Maenmhaighi upon the people 
of the son of the Empress (namely, of the king of the 
Saxons). Maelruanaigh 8 Ua Ciarda, king of Cairpri, was 
slain. The Synod 7 of Birr [was celebrated]. A.D. 1174. 
Mael-Isu 7 Ua Connachtain, bishop of Sil-Muirethaigh 
[Elphin], rested. Amlaim Ua Cuind, chief of Muinnter- 
Gillga[i]n, died. Muirguis 7 Ua Dubhthaigh, first abbot 

(. H. S. ii. Annals of Boyle, p. 17) 
confidently states that Mac Liag, 
who died in 1016 (supra), was his 
father ! 

5 37lh of his episcopacy. He 
became archbishop on the resigna- 
tion of StTTSalachy in 1137. There 
is independent evidence that he 
was primate in 1138. According 
to the colophon, he was in the 
succession of Patrick, when the 
Mael-Brigte Codex was written ; 
namely, in the, year of the sixteenth 
Epatt [falling] upon Jan. 1 Toon, 
1 m-blicroain 7>ano pep-oe -oeac 
poyx KatcHnn 

d Mochaidbech His name is in 
the Martyrology of Donegal at 
October 11. 

7 The battle, etc. ; The Synod, etc.; 
Mael-Isu, etc. ; Muirgius, etc. 
Given in the Annals of Boyle. 

For the battle of Thurles (which 
is also found in the Annals of 
Jnnisfallen), see the masterly note 
of O'Donovan (F. M. iii. 16 sq). 

To the Synod of Birr is perhaps 
to be referred the transfer of West- 
meath to the See of Clonmacnoise, 
recorded by the F.M. at this year. 

8 Maelruanaigh, etc. A more 
detailed account is in the F.M. 


crtmcclcc ulcroli, 

quietnr. 1map, mac TDic Capsamna hth itta-Utra[i]n, 
coipec TTltnrmcepi [mail-8mna, k 

]CaL 1an. 1111.* p., L u., CCnno "Domini TT1. C c. lxx. u. 
TTlael-1fti (i-oon, b mac m eleipis ctnpp b ), eppuc UUr5, pui 
ecna[i] 7 cpat>a[i)fe, plenup Tjiepum m Chpiprx) quieuir. 
plaicbepcac 1 bUa bpotca[i]n, comapba Coluim-citle, 
cmp ecna[i] 7 emi^, pep T)ia cucamip cleipi 6penn 
caraip, eppmc aji c ecna[i] 7 ap, c pebup 7 Dia capcup 2 
comufibup b1a, T>O ec copeccnac iafi cjieblair: cogai^e i 
n--Dub|ieclei^ Cotuim-citle. ^ 1 ^ a THac Liac blla 
bp.ana[i]n T>O oifi'one'D 1 n-a matt i comujibup Coluim- 
cilte. TTlac comajiba pmnem (iT>on, b CCmLaim b ), abb 
Sabailt, i)0 ec 1 n-eppcopom tHat>. ITIac Copcmaic 
eppuc UtaT>, T)O ec. Concobupo, d mac TTlic Concaille 
abb fieiclepa poil 7 peraip 7 comapcba 
TO ec 1 Roim, mfi cocc T)'acallaim 
comafiba peraipu d TTIai-om ape Cenel-n-6rma pia n- 
ecmapxac htla Cara[i]n 7 pe 11 1 all hUa n-5ailmfieT>ai 
7 up. mop T>O cup poppu. 

kk Cut away in binding ; TTlael-Sinnais certain. 

A.D. 1175. Haic (p om.), A. 3 gup B. 8 jveic , A. -n. t. h., on 
blank space, A. b ' b itl., n. t. h., A ; om., B, C. c ayx a for hit, B, C. 
d<> om., B, C. e itl., n. t. h , MS. (A). 

9 Boyle. Respecting the history 
of the foundation of this abbey 
given by O'Donovan (F. M. iii. 14) 
from the Annals of Boyle, it may 
be well to quote the original 

Abbatia de Buellio hoc anno 
fundata est, anno Dominic[a]e 
Incarnationia MCXLvni. 

Abbatia Buellensis hoc anno 
fundata est iuxta Buellium MCLXI ; 
ab initio vero mundi VICCCLX. 
Primo incepit esee apud Grellech- 

dinach ; oecundo, apud Druim- 
conaind ; tertio, apud Bunfiuni ; 
quarto, apud Buellium. 

In primo loco, primus abbas 
Petrus Ua Morda f uit ; in secundo, 
Aed Ua Maccain per duos annos. 
Post eum Mauricius in eodem loco 
per vi. annos (" nearly three years," 
O'Donovan, loe. cit.), et apud Bun- 
finni duos et dimidium. In Buellio 
vero abbati/.avit xiii. et dimidium. 

[A.D. MCUUUV.] Murgius Ua 
Dubtaich, primus abbaa Buellii et 



of Boyle, 9 rested. Imar 10 son of Mac Cargamna Ua Gilla- 
Ultain, 11 chief of Muinnter-Mail-Sinna, dies.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 4th feria, 5th of the moon, A.D. 
1175. Mael-Isu (namely, son of "the Stooped Cleric"), 
bishop of TJlidia [Down], master of wisdom and piety, 
rested full of days in Christ. Flaithbertach Ua Brol- 
cha[i]n, successor of Colum-cille, tower of wisdom and 
hospitality, a man to whom the clergy of Ireland gave the 
chair 1 of a bishop for wisdom and for his excellence and to 
whom was offered 2 the succession of la, died piously, after 
choice tribulation, in the Penitentiary of Colum-cille. 
Gilla Mac Liac Ua Brana[i]n 3 was instituted in his stead in 
the succession of Colum-cille. The son of the successor of 
[St.]Finnian (namely, Amlaimh 4 ) [deposed] abbot of Saball, 
died in the episcopacy of Ulidia. Mac Cormaic, bishop of 
Ulidia, died. Conch obur, 5 son of Mac Conchaille(the wild- 
deer hunter), abbot of the Regular abbey of [SS.] Paul and 
Peter and successor of Patrick afterwards, died in Rome, 
after arriving to confer with the successor of Peter. 
Defeat [was inflicted] on the Cenel-Enna by Echmarcach 
Ua Catha[i]n and by Niall Ua Gailmredhaigh and great 
slaughter was put upon them. 

tertius secundum antiquitatem 
domus, quievit. 

10 Imar, etc. Compare the final 
(additional) item of the preceding 

u Gilla- Ultain. Devotee of [St.~\ 
Ultan (probably of Ardbraccan, co. 

1 1 75. * Chair of bishop. Supra, 

2 Was offered. In 1164 (supra). 

3 Ua Brana[i]n.See Adamnan, 
p. 408. 

4 Amlaimh. The same who pro- 

cured the expulsion of the Canons 
Regular from Saball (Saul) in 1170. 
The F. M. omit the obit. 

5 Conchobur. He was the im- 
mediate successor of Gelasius. 
Segdnach. (for which compare seg> 
a wild-deer, in Cormac's Glossarv) 
forms part of the text in the 
Annals of Boyle. 

6 Was slain. By the son of 
Mac Coghlan (lord of Delvin 
Eathra, the barony of Garrycastle, 
Bang's Co. ), according to the entry 
in the Four Master?. 

[U74] ] 




1 blla Tnaelmtiaifc, pi pep-Ceall, occif iif 
TTlapiup blla TTlael-Sheacnaill t>o cpocafc la 
. TTh-fce T/pap ni5H"5 o CCc-ttiaingu *Opocer;-aa- 
"Oomnall Caemanac, mac "Diapmo-oa TThc TTluficcrBa, 
pi laigean [occipup epc]. 8lu 050-6 la ^allaiB 511 
luimneac, 511 n-7>eaear>aip paip.') 

]CaL 1an. ., p., I. cr. ui., CCnno "Domini TT1. c. laxr. ui. 
8axam -DO innafiba[-&] -DO *0omnall hUu bpiam a 

B 54c Luimniuc | cpe vojibaif^-oo-Denum -poppu. bean-TTli-De, 
m?;en Tkmnca-Da hlli Cepbaill, ben Con-Tiiai^i 2 hlli 
pblamn, 8 pisan hlla-'Cinpciii 7 pep-Li, T>O ec. Ingen 

A 52d RuaiT>pi liUi ConcoCaiji, ben [pli]lairhbepT;|ai bill 
TTlael'Dopai'5, TK> niapbat) T>O macaiCbtli Caipella[i]n. 
Pabop 7 Cenannup -DO papusa-o 4 TK> ^ballaiC 7 7>o bllib- 
bpunn. Wmll," mac TTlic Loclamn, TK) mapbar> TK> 
TTluinncep-bpanain.* Lu^ma-o T>O f?apua5 TK> na 
SaxaiC. Caipcel ^ali '50 -oenam i Cenanmip. 1n r- 

"n. t. h., A; om., B, C. 

A.D. 1176. 'o^baip (pom.), A. 2 r>e, B. 3 lainn (pom.), B. 4 ay 
(p om.), A. B |xi (aphaeresis of i), A. a ' u om., B, C. 

7 Maghntts. He was lord of East 
Heath. The Four Masters state 
he was hanged by the Foreigners 
(English), after they had acted 
treacherously towards him (most 
likely, by seizing him at a con- 
ference) at Trim. 

8 Watted. This was probably 
the incursion described by Cam- 
brensis : Rothericus vero Connac- 
tensis, Sinnenensis fluvii fluenta 
transcurrens, in manu valida 
Mediam in vasit, cunctaqae ejusdem 
castra vacua reperiens atque 
deserta, usque ad ipsos Dnbliniae 
fines igne combusta soloque 
confracta redegit (Exp. Hib., ii. 2). 

9 Domnall. Given in the Annals 
of Boyle. 

In the Four Masters it ia stated 
that he was treacherously slain by 
O' Koran and O'Nolan. 

10 A hotting. Given in the Annals 
of Inni tf alien and in the Annals of 
B'tyle. For a characteristic des- 
cription of the capture by Cam- 
brensis, see the chapter Nobilis 
Limerici erpvgnatio (Exp. Hib. ii. 7). 

1 1 76. l The Sax*ns. On the right 
hand margin, a 17th-century hand 
wrote in B: Angtici [exput]ri ex 
Limtrice a Domnnlldo. Cambrensi>, 
however, states (Exp. Hib. ii. 14) 
that, on hearing of the death of 



(Gilla-Coluim Ua Maelmhuaidh, king of Fir-cell, was [U75] 
slain. 6 Maghnus 7 Ua Mael-Seachnaill was hanged by the 
Foreigners. Meath was wasted 8 from Ath-luain to Dro- 
chait-atha. Domnall 9 Caemanach, [illegitimate] son of 
DiarmaidMac Murchadha, king of Leinster [was slain]. 
A hosting 10 by the Foreigners to Limerick, so that they 
overcame it.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 5th feria, 16th of the moon, A.n. [1176 Bis.] 
1176. The Saxons 1 were expelled by Domnall Ua Briain 
from Limerick, by a leaguer being made against them. 
Bean-Mid he 2 , daughter of Donnchadh Ua Cerbaill, wife of 
Cu-maighi 3 Ua Flainn, queen of Ui-Tuirtri and Fir-Li, 
died. The daughter of Ruaidhri Ua Conchobair, wife of 
[F]laithbertach Ua Maeldoraidh, was killed by the sons 
of Ua Cairella[i]n. Fabor and Cenannus were wasted 4 by 
the Foreigners and by the Ui-Briuin. Niall, son of Mac 
Lochlainn, was killed by Muinnter-Branain. Lughmadh 
was wasted by the Saxons. A. castle 5 of the Foreigners 

Strongbow, Raymond Le Gros set 
out for Dublin, having committed 
Limerick to Donald (O'Brien), as 
baron of the king and received 
hostages and multiplied oaths 
respecting its safe custody and 
restitution and the preservation of 
peace. But, no sooner had the 
English left than Donald, with the 
characteristic infidelity of his 
nation, set the city on fire in four 
places ! Giraldus took no trouble 
to enquire what motive could have 
prompted O'Brien to burn a place 
that thus peaceably reverted to his 

2 Bean Midhe. Woman of Meath . 
" It was very common as the proper 
name of a woman among the 

ancient Irish, as was also Bean- 
Muman, meaning woman, or lady, 
of Munster" (O'Donovan, F.M. iii. 

3 Cu-Maighi, Hound of the plain ; 
Cu-Midhe, Hound of Meath. 
Both these names were employed 
amongst the family of OTlynn 
(O.'D. F.M. iii. 25). 

4 Wasted. That is, in conse- 
quence of the battles fought there- 
at between the opposing forces. 

5 A castle. The compiler of 
the Annals of Loch Ce makes this 
into "The castles of the Foreigners 
and of Cenannus were a-building" 
(Caislen Gall ocus Cenantus ag a, n- 
denum) ! The editor takes Gall for 
a local name and gravely says that 



1apla Saxanac "DO ec 1 n-CCc-clicrc -DO bamne aillpi 
pogab ap a coif rspia mipbuilit5 bpi^ci 7 Coluim-cille 
7 na noern apcena, ipa 6 cella pomilL Caiptel 8laine 1 
paibe fticap-o pleimenn 6 co n-a fltias, a f a pafiiq- ic 
milliu-o CCippall 7 blla-m-bpnnn 7 pep-rnifce, -DO 
nntliu > 5 la TT)ael-8eelainn, mac TDic Loclainn, la pig 
Ceneoil-6oj;ain 7 la Cenel-n-Gogain bu-bein 7 la hCCifi- 
pallaib, T)U in fioma|ibaT> cec, no ni if moo, "DO^ballailj, 
fie raeb* ban 7 lenum 7 ec m caifreoil-oo mafiba-o, co na T)tnne 1 m-berai-5 apn caifceL Ocuf fiopapai^i 
cp.i cai[Teoili fDi-De iap b naba|iac h an. tiaman Cenunl 7 - 
Gogam, 1-oon, caifcel Cenannya 7 caifrel Calacfiuma 7 
caifcel 8 "Oaifie-phacfaic. Cu-mcn^e htla plainn, ni 
bUa-'Ctiftcini 7 pejvli 7 "Dal-CC^aiDe, -DO mapba-o TX> 
Coin-TTli-De, T>'a bparai|i pem 7 -DO penxnE-li. 

(*Dia^moiT), c mac Conmaic TTIbej Ca|i|irai, fii T)eaf- 
rhusan, TX) gabail la a mac f.em, iT>on, la Copmac 
liaran. c ) 

]CaL1an. uii.*p.,'LaxK. uii.,CCnno"Oominiin. & c. locx. uii. 
T)un-T)aleu5laf T>O mille'6 T>O bGoan 1 T>o-Cbuipc 7 -DO na 
yucen.ib' canjcrDtiii imaille p.if 7 caifcel -DO Tienarh T>oib 
ann, apa rucfar: maiT>m pa -56 pop. UllcaiB 7 maitun pop 
Cenel-n -60501 n 7 pop CCipiaUaiB, T)U m pomapba-5 Con- 
cobup bUa Caipell-a[i]n (i-oon, b coipec Clainni- 

8 plem, B. 7 cenel, A. 8 caiplen, B. b - b ap, nabayvac on the morrotc, 
B ; followed by C. * n. t. h., A ; om. f B, C. 
A.D. 1177. ' f eon, B. - blank in A. b-b itl., t. h., A, B ; given in C. 

there is DO trace of any " castle of 
Gall" (p. 152). 

H Saxon Earl. See O'Donovan 
(loc. cit.) and Gilbert ( Viceroys, 
p. 40, sq.). 

7 Alive. Literally, in life. 

*Diarmoid. Abridged apparent- 
ly from the Anna li of Innisf alien 
(ad an.); which add that Connac 

was treacherously slain and his 
father again reigned in the same 

1177. l John De Courcy. Accord- 
ing to Cambrensis (Erp. Hib. 
ii. 17), he marched, with 22 knights 
and 300 men, in three days through 
Meath and Oriel and, on the 
morning of the fourth day, about 
Feb. 1, entered Down : the king, 


was a-building at Cenannus. The Saxon Earl 6 [Strongbow] 
died in Ath-cliath of an ulcer he got on his foot, through 
the miracles of Brigit and Colum-cille and the saints 
besides, whose churches he destroyed. The castle of 
Slane, wherein was Ricard Fleming with his host, where- 
from the AirgiallaandUi-Briuin and Fir-Midhe were being 
pillaged, was destroyed by Mael-Sechlainn, son of Mac 
Lochlainn, king of Cenel-Eogain and by the Cenel-Eogain 
themselves and by the Airgialla ; where were killed one 
hundred or more of the Foreigners, besides women and 
children and the horses of the castle that were killed, so 
that no person escaped alive 7 out of the castle. And three 
castles in Meath were razed on the morrow for fear of the 
Cenel-Eogain, namely, the castle of Cenannus and the 
castle of Calatruim and the castle of Daire of [St.] 
Patrick. Cu-maighi 3 Ua Flainn, king of TJi-Tuirtri and 
Fir-Li and Dal-Araidhe, was killed by Cu-Midhe 3 , his own 
brother and by the Fir-Li. 

(Diarmoid, 8 son of Cormac Mac Carrthaigh, king of 
Desmond, was taken prisoner by his own son, that is, by 
Cormac the Gray.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 7th feria, 27th of the moon, A.D. 
1177. Dun-da -lethglas was destroyed by John De Courcy 1 
and by the knights that came with him, and a castle 2 was 
made by them there, wherefrom they twice 3 inflicted defeat 
upon Ulidia and defeat upon Cenel-Eogain and upon 
Airgialla ; where was killed Couchobur Ua Cairella[i]n 



Dunlevy (who succeeded his 
brother, Roderick in the kingdom 
of Ulidia in 1171, supra), having 
taken to flight. 

2 Castle. Exili municipio, quod 
in urbia angulo tenuiter erexerat 
(Exp. Hid. ii. 17). 

3 Twice. Giraldns states (foe. 
(.) that the first defeat was inflict- 
ed after the Purification (Feb. 2), 
upon a force of 10,000 ; the second, 
on the Nativity of St John (June 
24), upon 15,000. 



crwiccicc ulcroTi. 

Oiapmar;a b ), 7 gilta TTlac Tjac hUa "Oonnjaile, roifec 
Pep-T>ponm 7 m pogonaft *oo faiot> "Oomnalt hUa 
[phjlairbeptais 7 mapt> e TX> na gonaitS fin 1 peiclep 
phoit 1 n-CCpTj-TYlaca, iap caiam Cmpp Cpifc 7 lap n-a 

B 54d ongaT) 7 111 pomapbait 2 main | inrba aili. "Oopac'oono 
Concobup blla Caipelta[i]npeimefin (iT>on, c ifin n-eppac c ) 
rnaiT>m pop hUa TTlaelT)O|iait> 7 pofi Cenel-Conaill, "olj in 
l^majiba^ d]i Ceneoil-hOnna[i] 'ma 3 mac hlli Shenfiai|, 
7 mia 3 maiciG immnC anxiena. THib'5 ^ocan co n-a 
innn.it5 T>O bfieic T)O mac Huai7>n.i (iT)on, d Tnupca^ d ) hUi 

A 53a ConcoBtnn. co Hof-Comam T>O mittiu'5 Connacc | an. 
\ jllccntf fie [a] arai]\. Roloiyx^ec imuppa Connacca pa 
cecoifi "CuainvDa-suatann 7 ceatla aficena in cifie* ap, 
iitcaiC fiifna ^allait) 7 cucfoc maiT>m pofifna ^allu 7 
fiOT)icuifif ec ap eicin af a sip iac. Ro-oall -oono Ruaiibpi 
hUa Concobuip 111 mac fin (.17)011,' ITlupca^') mp fin, i 
ii--oi5ail 111 cuptiif fam. deft hUa Neitl (iT)on, g 111 
macani roinlefc g ), pi Cenefoijl-eogain pe heft 7 piT>omna 
Gpenn uile, T>O mapbaft ta TTlael-8eclainn, mac Rlic 
ioclamn 7 ta hCCp-ogal, mac TTlic Loctauin (iT>on, f mac 
oo'n TTlael-8ectainn fin')- CCpD^al *oono pein TX) 
mapbaft T>O titla lleilt ic a mapbaft annpein. 1n 
ampanac, hUa Coinnecen, ap-ootlam "Cuaifce^JpT: Gpenn 

1 ixomayvba-D, A. 3 mi, B. it!., t. h., A ; ipti efifxac, c. m., t. h., 
B; " in the Lent," C. "ill., t. h., A; TD uiyvceficac, itL, t. h., B; 
" Murtagh," C. e (cealla ajxcena in ciyve) -DO milliu'6 (moreover, the 
churches of the territory) were (lit., to be) despoiled, added, B ; followed by C. 
The fatal objection to this reading is the introduction of an Infinitive 
between two Indicatives. ff itL, n. t. h., A ; om., B, C. *< L m., t. h,, 
A ; om., B, C. 

4 Milo Cogan, etc. In the JErp. 
Hib. (ii. 19) no mention is made of 
Murcbadh O'Conor. De Cogan is 
said to bave bad 40 knights and 
500 men. The Con naught men 
burned cities, towns, churches and 

such provisions as they were un- 
able to conceal. They likewise 
cast down crucifixes and images 
of Saints in presence of the enemy. 
The invaiding force advanced as 
far as Tuam. There it remained 



(namely, chief of Clann-Diarmata) and Gilla Mac Liac Ua 
Donngaille, chief of Fir-Droma, and wherein was wounded 
with arrows Domnall TJa fFJlaithbertaigh and he died 
of those wounds in the monastery [of Canons Regular] 
of Paul [and Peter] in Ard-Macha, after partaking of the 
Body of Christ and after his anointing and wherein 
were killed many other nobles. Now, Conchobur TJa 
Cairella[i]n before that (namely, in the Spring) inflicted 
defeat upon the Cenel-Eogain. and upon Ua Maeldoraidh ; 
where a great number of the Cenel-Eogain were killed, 
around the son of Mac Sherraigh and around many nobles 
besides. Milo Cogan 4 with his knights was taken by the 
son of Ruaidhri (namely, Murchadh) Ua Conchobhuir to 
Ros-Comain to destroy Connacht, for evil 5 towards his 
father. The Connachtmen, however, immediately burned 
Tuaim-da-gualann and the churches of the country besides, 
for evil 6 towards the Foreigners and they inflicted defeat 
upon the Foreigner* and drove them by force out of the 
country. Moreover, Ruaidhri Ua Conchobuir blinded that 
son (namely, Murchadh) afterwards, in revenge of that 
expedition. Aedh Ua Neill (namely, " The lazy youth" 6 ), 
king of Cenel-Eogain for a time and royal heir of all Ire- 
land, was killed by Mael-Sechlainn, son of Mac Lochlainn 
and by Ardgal, son of Mac Lochlainn (that is, son to that 
Mael-Sechlainn). But Ardgal himself was killed by Ua 
Neill at his [Ua Neill] being killed there. The Timpanist 7 
Ua Coinnecen, arch-ollam of the North of Ireland, was 


eight days ; but, finding the land 
void of sustenance, returned to the 
Shannon. In a wood close by the 
river, King Koderick was encoun- 
tered at the head of three large 
armie?. A fierce conflict ensued. 
The English lost three, slew many 
of the enemy and escaped safe to 
Dublin ! Credat Judaeue. 

5 Evil. Plural in the original. 

6 Lazy youth. So called, doubt- 
less, by antiphrasis. 

7 Timpanist. For the Timpanist, 
See O'Curry (Manners and Customs, 
etc., iii. 364 sq.) For the stringed 
instrument, the Timpan, see ib., 
359 sq., and i dxxviii ix. 



ccmicclcc ulcroti. 

DO mapbafi -DO Cli en el-Con ai LI co n-a mnai 7 co n-a 
muinncen. Sluacr5 ta hOoan 1 Do-Cuipx 7 lapnaniafiiB 
1 n-T)al-OCnaiDe, (7' U "Oun-Tja-lerslap'), o'an'map.bparj 
"Oomnall, mac mic Carupais, fii "Oal-OCpaiDe. Tainic 
Dono heoan 1 Wn runup cecna i n-hllib-'Cuipxni 7 1 
Venait>-li, co fioloipc Cu-TTliDe hUa plain-o CCinreap.- 
rnai|i neiihe 7 co noloipcpec Cuil-narain 7 cealla imDa 
eite. MialL hUa Saitmjie-Daij;, |ii pen-Tnai|i-1fa 7 
Cheneoil-6nna[i], Twmapba-D -DO "Oonnccr5 hUa Chai|iel- 
ta[i]n 7 -DO Ctainn-*Oianmoxa, ayi lap "Oaipe Colinm- 
cille 7 rec 4 -DO lopca-o aifi ann, co caung ap amac, co 
nomap-ba^ 1 n-T>op.up m caigi. "Oonoine -oono T)onnca* 
hUa Caipella[i]n, 6 coipec Clainm-T)iapmara, pi6 p.e 
Colum-cille 7 p.e Hluinncep. "Oaipe annpein rap. a cenn 
pem 7 a mic 7 a oa : i7>on, h [a] maincene pein cpia bicu \ 
7 a tneic 7 a oa 7 a lapmoa co bna 7>o h Colum-cille 7 
DO TTlhuinncep- "Daipe 7 baile-biarai| 1 6 panfuro "Oom- 
nai-moip. Ocup TTIac-pialjac, n>on, copn ip pepp. -oo 7 
boi 1 n-epmn, T>O rabaific T>O TTlhuinncepc'Oaipe i 6 n-pll 
pe cp.1 picnB bo. Ocup cec f>o -Denum T)o'n cleipi'uc, ipa 
BS5a recp.o|loipceT> pop lla n-^aipmleDais 8 7 a cfio-o uile DO 
ic ppip Doneoc p.o loipcpec imi. Clann-T)iafimaT;a 
imtippa apcenaDO Denum pira rap, a cenn pein. 

(Unnanup 1 CafiDinalip uenic m tlibenniam. 8eniiD 
clepeac 6p.inD i nD-CCc-clia cum Uiuiano. ConctiBap. 

4 ceac, A. 8 illan.B. 8 a,A. 7 om., B. 8 n-'5ailni , B. h ' h 7 a 
layxmoa 7 a mcnncelne pein cyiia bitu tx> and of kit posterity and hit own 
monastic service for ever to, B ; which C follows. .'' n. t. h. f A ; om. 

"This expedition is not mem- 
tioned by Cambreneis. 

' Monattic tervice. For the 
mainchinc, or Monastic Service, see 
the Senchas Mor (Brehon Laws, 
iii. 36, 68). 

10 Sallybelaqti. That is, townland 

of Biatuch (one who held his 
land on condition of supplying food 
(biad) to those billeted upon him 
by the chief). " A Bally betagh was 
the thirtieth part of a triocha cead, 
or barony. It contained four 
quarters, or seisreaghs, each sies- 



killed by the Cenel-Conaill with his wife and with hispeople. [H77] 
A hosting 8 by John De Courcy and by the knights into 
Dal-Araidhe (and to [recte, from] Dun-da-lethlas), on 
which they killed Domnall, grandson of Cathusach [Mac 
Duinnsleibhe Ua Eochadha], king of Dal-Araidhe. More- 
over, John went during the same expedition into Ui-Tuirtri 
and into Fir-Li, umil Cu-Midhe Ua Flainn burned 
Airthir-Maighi before him and they [John's forces] 
burned Cuil-rathain and many other churches. Niall Ua 
Gailmredhaigh, king of the Men of Magh-Itha and of 
Cenel-Ennai, was killed by Donnchadh Ua Cairella[i]n and 
by the Clanri-Diarmata, in the centre of Daire of Colum- 
cille : and [it happened thus :] a house was burned upon him 
there, so that he came out from it [and] was killed at the 
door of the house. However, Donnchadh Ua Cairella[i]n, 
chief of Clann-Diarmata, made peace with Colum-cille and 
with the Community of Daire then, on behalf of himself 
and his son and his grand sons, to wit, the monastic 
service 9 of himself for ever and of his son and of his 
grandsons and of his posterity to doom unto Colum-cille 
and unto the Community of Daire and [to give] a bally- 
betagh 10 in the neighbourhood of Domnach-mor. And 
" The Gray Son," that is, the best goblet that was in 
Ireland, was given to the Community of Daire, in pledge . 
for three score cows. And [he agreed] to make a house for ' 
the cleric whose house was burned upon Ua Gairmledhaigh 
and to pay him all the -chattel that they burned about 
him. The Clann-Diarmata also made peace on their 
own behalf. 

(Cardinal 11 Yivianus 12 came into Ireland. A Synod 13 of 
the clergy of Ireland along with Vivianus. Conchubar 11 

reagh containing 120 acres of the 
large Irish measure" (O'Donovan, 
P.M. iii. 27). 

11 Cardinal ; Conchvbar. Given 

in the Annals of Boyle, with the 
father's name omitted from the 
second entry. 

12 Vivianus. Cardinal priest of 



A Ufa 


TTlaenmai-oe T>O |;aCail la acain., ITXDII, la Ruaifii hUa 

1an. i.'p.," L ix., CCnno "Oomim TT1. c. lacx. uni." 
cec bliuTKim non>ecr;a[i]. Concobuji, mac 
i^ hlli Ltiini?:, T>O a!5ail to'ip^ecra Cemuil- 
TTlaien 1 7 "Oomnall, mac "Oomnaill hlli ^ailmfieT)ai, 
DO[T>] a TTlinl-blra 1 2 n-1nif-n-6o5ain "Docum 
"Oonnca5a hlli "Ouib-oipma. Cenel-TTlaien imupfio 
bliat>ani cecna, i-oon, 1 cmn oen ]iaii, -DO -oenam 
DO mac Conallai 7 -Dorabaific rxjifi^ecca T)O "Oomnall, 
mac "Oomnaill- ITluinnreii "Oomuaill hUi ^ailm- 
|ieT)ai, iT)on, mac ^ille-caic hlla n-eii>efila 7 hlla 
[ph]lannaca[i]n, 7W) ma^ba-5 mic Conallai^hilli Ltnnij:, 
a|i lap cii "Oomnaill hlli ^ailmpe-baic, 1 meBail 7 
na hGn.naiT>e 3 mapoen pif ic a comaipce. 
T)ono T>O Beiuini 7>o "Oomnall hU a 5a'lm]ieT)ai5 
7 Cenel-fllaien "DO rabaipc roip^eoca T>O Huai-Dfii blla 
[ph]lai6befii:ai5. ITIebol 
macaiB bill [p 
Clamn "Oomnaill apcena. 
naill bill ^ailmp.6T)ai, 
mac Ra^naill 

T>O -oenum T>O T^i 
Cenel-TTloen 7 TK> 
"Oomnall TK>no, mac "Oom- 
DO maiibaT iniicip'De b 7 
mic "Oomnaill 7 ocrup, 

A.D. 1178. ' Ceneol-TTlaiean, A. - a, A. 3 naip, B. 4 ayu>en,B. 
blank space, A. b ipn me&oit pn in that treachery, B ; " in that 
murther," C (following B). 

St. Stephen on the Coelian Mount 
and Papal Legate. Hoveden (in 
agreement with Benedict of Peter- 
borough) states that he spent the 
Christmas of 1176 in Man with 
Guthred, the king. After the 
Epiphany he set sail for Ireland 
and landed at Down. On his way 
thence, along the coast, to Dublin, 

he was arrested by the army of De 
Courcy (and apparently brought 
back to Down). John, however, 
allowed him to proceed and, at his 
request, liberated the bishop of 
Down, who had been taken 
prisoner in the first battle of 



Maenmhaidhe was taken prisoner by his father, namely 
by Ruaighri Ua Conchobhair.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 1st feria, 9th of the moon, A.D. 
1178. Namely, the 1st year 1 of the Decemnovennal 
[Cycle]. Conchobur, son of Conallach Ua Luinigh, took 
the chieftaincy of Cenel-Maien and Domnall, son of Dom- 
nall Ua Gailmredhaigh, was expelled from Magh-Itha 
into Inis-Eogain, to Donnchadh Ua Duibdirma. The 
Cenel-Maien, however, in the same year, namely, before 
the end of one quarter, deposed the son of Conallach and 
gave the chieftaincy to Domnall, son of Domnall. The 
people of Domnall Ua Gailmredhaigh, that is, the son of 
"the blind gillie" Ua Eiderla and Ua [F]lannacain, 
killed the son of Conallach Ua Luinigh in the centre of 
the house of Domnall Ua Gailmredhaigh, in treachery and 
the herenagh of the Ernaidhe [was] with him, protecting 
him. However, Domnall Ua Gailmredhaigh was deposed 
and Cenel-Maien gave the chieftainship to Ruaidhri Ua 
[FJlaithbertaigh. Nevertheless, a treacherous attack was 
made by the three sons of Ua [F]laithbertagh and the 
Clann-Domnall also upon the Cenel-l^loien. Howbeit, 
Domnall, son of Dornnall Ua Gailmredhaigh, was killed 
in that same [attack] and Tighernan, son of Raghnall, son 
of Domnall [was killed] and eight full biatachs of the 
nobles of Cenel-Moien along with them [were killed]. 



13 A Synod. Of bishops, held in 
Dublin, according to Cambrensis 
( Exp. Hib. ii. 11). The Legate (ib.) 
proclaimed the right of the English 
king over Ireland and the papal 
confirmation thereof, and com- 
manded clergy and laity to submit, 
under threat of anathema. And, 
it being customary (in time of war) 
for the Irish to carry provisions 

for safety to churches, he em- 
powered an English expeditionary 
force, when victuals were not 
otherwise obtainable, to extract 
those found in churches, on pay- 
ment of a fair price ! 

1178. 1 1st year. The Epact, ix., 
sufficiently denoted the initial year 
of the Decemnovennal Cycle. 



nail, mac 6cmapcai5 bill Cbara[i]n, T>O mapba-5 7>o Cenel- 
1Tlaia[i]n 1 ropac in c-parfipai-b pin. Cona-o 1 n-a "015011 
pi-6e -oopocaip ^alae blla Ltiinnij; 7 TTluipceprac blla 
Peara[i]n 7 ip 'n-a T>i5ail -oopona-5 mebol Clainm-"OonV 
naill, pop Cenel-TTloen. 1pin 5 blia'oain pin -oono raunc 
mop5air a^buil, co porpapcaip bloi!> 6 "oepmaip TXJ 
caillnC 7 T>O piDbaf>aiB 7 T>O pxxilpo" oimopaiC pop 7 lap 
7 pop 7 lancalmain. Rorpapcaip "oono pe 8 pcic 8 palac, 
uel patilo plup, 1 n-*0aipe Coluim-cil[l]e. 1p d innnpin d 
T)ono cdinic b6oan co n-a pmpit5 o "Obun ap cpeca-o co- 
TTlacbaipe-Conaille, co n-'oepnpar* aip5ri ann" 7 co pab- 
B 66b arup 01-001 illonspopr 9 i n-5lin"0-|pi5i. "Cdinic imuppo 10 
Tniipca-o blla Ceptiaill, pi CCipsiall 7lT)ac*Dinnnpleit)e 
pi llUro, cu f n-Ullrait)' cucu 11 in ait>ce pin 7 cucpar 
caelcaD T>oit5. TlomebaTO T>OIIO pop ^ a ^ a1 ^ 7 pocinpe'o 

'T>ep5ap poppu. Tdimc T>ono m r-8eoan cerna ap cpecaiti 
1 n-"Oal-n-CCpaiT)e 7 1 n-bUiC-'Cuiprpi. Tuc -oano 
Cu-TTli-be blla plam-o, p.i bUa-'Cuiprpi 7 pep-Li, 

_EOiLca T)oiB. Tlomai-o -oono in cox pm pop ^al^ 1 ^ 7 
pocuipet) a n-dp- 

(CCmmup 8 Cu 01511 i la b 11 Ira 7 la ^alla pop. Sean TX>- 
Cuipn. g 5 1 ^ a "^r ii r cl1 blla 1160-0015, epipcopup Con- 
iTiaicne, quieuir. CCnilaiC blla "Oomnalla[i]n, ollam 
Connacr, quieinr. h ) 

8 ip (in om.), A. 'bfunyD, A. 7 pjii against, B. 8 .ui., A, B. 
The il is om., probably from oversight, A. 10 TX)no, B. n cuq, B; i.e., 
q = cu, by an absurd scribal affectation of Latin. e Co (fioryxarcaifi) 
So that (it prostrated), B. dKl 1pn bliaTin pn in that year, B ; "in that 
same yeare," C. e e co jxoaijxspec muinnceyia ITTITKI " that they spoy led 
many people [territories]," B and C respectively. rf om., B, C. n. t. h., 
A ; om., B, C. h h f. m., n. t. h., A ; om., B, C. 

2 t Made an onset upon them. Late- 
rally, gave an onset to them. 

3 Defeat was inflicted. This is 
the fourth battle of Cambrensis. 
Quartum apud Uriel (Oirghialla), 
ubi multi quoque suorura inter- 

empti et alii in fugain conversi 
(Exp. Uib. ii. 17). 

4 Fir- Li. Cambrensifl errone- 
ously makes this the third battle. 
Tertium erat apud Ferli, praeda- 
captione, ubi, ob arctum viae 


tlaghnall, son of Echmarcach TTa Catha[i]o, was killed by [1178] 
the Cenel-Maien in the beginning of that summer. So, 
in revenge of that, fell Galach Ua Luinigh and Muircertach 
Ua Peatain and it is in revenge of it the treacherous 
attack of the sons of Domnall was made upon the Cenel- 
Moien. It is in that year also there came a wonderful, 
violent wind which prostrated a very large portion of 
woods and forests and very great oaks full flat on the 
ground. It prostrated also six score oaks, or a little 
more, in Daire of Colum-cille. It is in that year 
likewise went John [De Courcy], with bis knights, 
pillaging from Dun to the Plain of Conaille, so 
that they took many preys therein and were a night in 
camp in Glenn-righi. Howbeit, Murchadh Ua Cerbaill, 
king of Airgialla, and Mac Duinnsleibhe [Ua Eochadha] , 
king of Ulidia, with the Ulidians came up with them that 
night and made an onset upon them. 2 Thereupon defeat 
was inflicted 3 upon the Foreigners and stark slaughter was 
put upon them. The same John, notwithstanding, went 
for preys into Dal-Araidhe and into Ui-Tuirtri. But 
Cu-Midhe Ua Flainn, king of Ui-Tuirtri and Fir Li 4 , 
made an onset upon them 2 . That battle also went against 
the Foreigners and slaughter of them was inflicted. 

(The attack of Cualnge 5 [was gained] by Ulidians and 
by Foreigners over John De Courcy. Grilla-Crist 6 Ua 
hEodhaigh, bishop of Conmaicni [Ardagh], rested. 
Amhlaibh 6 Ua Domnalla[i]n^ ollam of Connacht, rested.) 

transitum, . . . sic pars Johannis 
victa succubuit, aliis interemptis, 
aliis per nemorosa dispersis, ut 
vix Johanni undecim milites 
superstates adhresissent. Ipse vero 
. . . per triginta stadia se ab 
hostili multitudine continue defen- 
dendo, equis amissis, usque ad 
eastrura suum, duobus diebus et 

noctibus jejuni, armati, pedites, 
miro conatu niemoriaque dignissi- 
mo, evaserunt. 

5 Attack of Cualgne. This is the 
first defeat mentioned in the final 
original entry of the present year. 

6 Cilia-Crist ; Amlaibh. Given in 
Annals of Boyle ; the second is in 
the Four Masters also. 


CCtltlCClCC UlCCDtl. 

A63c ]Cat. 1an. n."p.,'t. xx., CCnno T)ommi 171 . c. txx.' ix.* 
IT)OII, [111] T>-apa btia*Dain T>O NoiT>ecT>a,m b cpep btia-5ain 
pop bipex. b 81-6 -DO -Denuni T>O "Obonnca-6 btla Caipetta[i]n 
7 -DO Ctaiiin-T)iap,mara uite pe Cenet-TTloien 1 7 pi btla 
n-5<*itmpe'Dai5,i'Doii J pi bCCmtaim, macTTlenma[i]ii, 2 iT)on, 
oepbpacaip mna "Donnca'Da bUi Caipetta[i]n, ap tap 
cempaitt CCp-oa-ppara, ima minnaiC "Oomnai5-moip 7 
na bGpnai'oi 7 QCfYoa-fpada. bUa 5 ai ^- TT1 l le ^ ai 5 "oono 
DO caiTJecc ifin too 3 ap nabapac T>O 5abait r.uitbT> ] 4 tan 4 
co cec "Donnca^a liUi Caipetta[i]n. TDebot dinpat TJO 
V I "Denum pop 5 tap m aipecca 1 ii-T>opup 1:0151 htli Caipit- 
ta[i]n, 1 pioroiuTlTIi^e a T>ept!y > eap pein^ IDOII, mna 
/ "Donnca-oa: Toon, cpiap T)'a munincep TK> mapba-5 
mapoen pip pein, iT>on, Cinaer, rnac CCipc (I-DOU, 
tanbiaac)bUi bpaca[i]ii7 mac^tta-Cpipcmic Copmaic, 
mic HeoT)a[i]n, n>on, oepbconiatca T>O "Oonnca-D bUa 
Caipetta[i]n. CCp-D-lTlaca T>O topca-5 ex niaiopi 6 papce : 
iT>on, na buite peictepa 7 m[n]a buite cempaitt po- 
bacap* aim, uite *oo topca-5,' cenmora peictep bpisri 7 
rempott na pepca. hUa UuaTaca[i]n, pi bl1a-n-6cac, 
DO ec "DO 5atap cpi n-aif>ce lap n-a innapba[T>] 7 lap 
j^apU5U"D Can 01 ne pacpaic 7)0 sap pomie- Ceatta"Cbipe- 
b6o5ani o -Slileib pa'oep "DO potniulu-D cpia coca'5 7 cpia 
oocmaraTD ipm btia^am pin. ^itta-"0oninai5 bUa 
papaiina[i]n, 7 aipcinnec CCpT)a-ppaca 7 TTIaet-TTluipe, 

A.D. 1179. 1 -TTlaian, A. 3 menmaien, B. 8 loa, A. 4 lcm(f om.), 
A. 8 ap, on, B. 6 maioy\e, B. 7 Vofx , B. M blank space, A. b - b om. f 
A. c -oono indeed added, B. d om., A ; C follows B. e< om., B, C. 

1179. 1 Inlwtpitable. assembly. 
" A filthy murther committed in 
midest of the congregacion," C. 

2 Three. Himself, perhaps, and 
the two here mentioned. 

3 Church of the relict. This 
church is twice mentioned in 
the Book of Armagh. First, in 

connexion with the donation of 
the place by Daire to St. Patrick. 
Dedit [Daire] illi [Patricio] locum 
aliuin in inferior! terra, ubi nuno 
est Fertae Marty rum [shrine of the 
relics] iuxta Ardd-Machae (FoL 6d). 
Secondly, in connexion with the 
Sunday procession : in Mio-Machae 


Kalends of Jan. on 2nd feria, 20th of the moon, A.D. [1179] 
1179. Namely, the 2nd of the Decemnovennal [Cycle], the 
3rd year above a Bissextile. Peace was made by Donn- 
chadh TTa Cairella[i]n and by all Clann-Diarmata with the *^ *f 
Cenel-Moien and Ua Galmredhaigh : namely, with Amlaim, 
son of Menman, that is the brother of the wife of 
Donnchadh Ua Cairilla[i]n, in the centre of the 
church of Ard-sratha, upon the relics of Domnach-mor 
and of the_Ernaidhe and of Ard-sratha. Thereupon Ua </ 
Gailmredhaigh came on the morrow, to receive additional 
sureties, to the house of Donnchadh Ua Cairilla[i]n. In- 
hospitable treachery 1 was committed in the midst of the 
assembly, 1 at the door of the house ofUa Cairilla[i]n, in 
the presence of his [Amlaim's] own sister, namely, the 
wife of Donnchadh : that is, three 2 of his [Amlaim's] 
people were killed along with himself, namely, Cinaeth 
(that is, a full Biatach), son of Art Ua Braca[i]n 
and the son of Grilla-Crist, son of Cormac Mac 
Reodain, to wit, the very foster-brother to Donnchadh 
Ua Cairella[i]n. Ard-Macha was burned for the greater 
part : that is, all the houses of Canons Regular and all the 
churches that were in it, all were burned, save the house 
of the Canons Regular of Brigit and the church of the 
B^ttcs. 3 Ua Ruadhacain, king of Ui-Echach, died 
after three nights' illness, after his expulsion and after his 
profanation 4 of the Canon, of Patrick a short time before. \Q k 
The churches of Tir-Eogain from the mountain south- 
wards were desolated through war and through dearth in V 
that year. G-illa-Domnaigh 5 Ua Faranna[i]n, herenagh of 

ad Sargifaguin Martyrum (glossed 
on the margin du ferti martur to 
the shrine [lit. grave] of the relics) 
adeundum ab eoque revertendum 
(Fol. 21d). 

4 Profanation. This took place, 
probably, by breaking an engage- 

ment ratified by oath on the Book 
of Armagh, anciently called the 
Canon of Patrick. 

6 Gilla-Domnaigh. Devotee of 
Sunday ; i.e., one zealous for the 
observance of that day. 


ccmiocloc ulcroti. 

mac Sitla-Cumain, fecnap in baile cecna[i], m Chnifro 
quieuenunc. Caiman' hlla Scannla[i]n, aip,cinneac 
Cluane, [u]p efr;.* Cluane 8 7 CCfvo-pn.ara 7 
"Oomnac-mon. 7 m[T>] CCinnai-oe -DO potmu^u-5 -DO* pefiaifi 
TUmp-lca. lloenenac," mac in vinleiinn, Ua "Couai-o, 
_Qi] % ee damne-pingm 7 a n-aincinnec ajicena 7 a 
comuinlec, monr;u[u]r eyr. 6 

(Hobnail,' niac 1Tlic Hasnaill, coiy-eac TTlaincipi- 
OCC1VUV efc- "Cuarat liUa Connaccai^, 
"Cliini-biiium, quieuir. Sneacca namupehoc 


A *3d 

"Oomini IT!. c. 

-D 1 lilla 2 Cana[]ri, comapba pacpaic, T>O 
ec. ITlac NeilL hUa Coema[i]n T>O manbaT) *DO 
"Olionnca-o TTlac Cacmail 7 a nianba-D pein ann. 
Ua^natl hUa Caipetla[i]n -DO mafibaf* T>O Cenel-TTloen 
1 3 n-emec Coltnni-cille ap b ta|\ "Dcnne. b TTlac CCiiiT>ilif 
hUi "Doctificai^; T)o m|ayibaT> T>O mac TTlantif[a] bill 
Celtaca[i]n. c TTIac-C^ai^ lilla "Dai^fii, aificinnec 
"Daifie, -DO ec. T)onncat> hUa Caipetla[i]n -DO manba-o 
DO Ceneot-Conaill cnia mifibuil Coluim-citle. CCiiTDilep 
hUa "Oocaficai^ DO ec i n-*0aifie Coluim-citle. 

(Car d na ConcuBafi, IDOTI, ConcuCan. fnaenmui-De, mac 

'no, B. o by, B. ' ' n. t. h., A ; oro., B, C. 

A.D. 1180. * Coim-oes, B. 8 O, A. *a, A. ""blank space, A 
b - b om., A ; "in the middest of Dy'ry," C. * om., B, C. 

6 Ma,jh-Jtha. C adds: "and 
O'Moltoray [Ua Maeldoraidh] at 
Dramchey [Drumcliabh, Drum- 
cliff]. They burnt Esdara th- 
roughly and turned againe to Con- 
aght ; they went into their houldintrs. 
Conaght and Mounstennen eett 
nppon them and killed most of 
them and the Galls [Foreigners, 

i.e. English] left the country forcibly 
with some bickering. And O'Cuin's 
daughter, qneen of Mounster, 
pylgrimaging at Dyry [Deny], 
dyed, with overcoming the divell 
and the world. ' 

The original of the foregoing is 
the conclusion of 1188. Magh-Itha 
is the last word on B 65b. The 



Ard-sratha and Mael-Muire, son of Gilla-Curaain, vice- [1179] 
abbot of the same place, rested in Christ. Colman TJa 
Scanla[i]n, herenagh of Cluain [-Umha], died. Cluane 
and Ard-sratha and Domnach-mor and the Ernaidhe were 
desolated by the Men of Magh-Itha. 6 Noenenach TJa 
Touaid, son of the Lector, chief of the Clann-inghin and 
their herenagh besides and their counsellor, died. 

(Raghnall, son of Mac Raghnaill, chief of Muinnter- 
Eolais, was slain. Tuathal 7 TJa Connachtaigh, bishop of 
Tir-Briuin [Enaghdune], rested. "The snow of the 
destruction " 8 [fell] this year). 

Kalends of Jan. on 3rd feria, 1st of the moon, A.D. [1180 Bis.] 
1180. Gilla-in-Coimded^TJa Cara[i]n, successorof Patrick, 
died. The son of Niall TJa Coema[i]n was killed by 
Donnehadh Mac Cathmail and [Donuchadh] himself was 
killed therein. 2 Raghnall TJa Cairella[i]n was killed by 
the Cenel-Maien in the centre of Daire, in reparation to 
Colum-cille. 3 The son of Aindiles TJa Dochurtaigh was 
killed by the son of Maghnus TJa Cellaca[i]n. Mac- 
Craith TJa Daighri, herenagh 4 of Daire, died. Donnchadh 
Ua Cairella[i]n was killed by the Cenel-Eogain through , 
miracle of Colum-cille. Aindiles TJa Dochartaigh died in 
Daire of Colum-cille. 

(The battle 5 of the Conchubhars : namely, Conchubhar 

translator turned <wer two folios 
and began with 56c. " Houldings" 
arose from mistaking the local 
name Segdais for tegdais. " Some 
bickering " is also wrong. 

7 Tuathal. Given in the four 

8 Of the destruction. Cf. perdi- 
disti ro muru (L. B. 43b). The 
reading in the Annah of Boyle is 
na nemi (O'Conor's n anemi) of the 
venom. The snow was doubtless so 

called from the great loss of life and 
property caused thereby. 

1180. J Gilla-in- Coimdedh. De- 
votee of the Lord. 

2 Therein. That is, in the act of 

3 In reparation to Colum-cille. 
" Being uppon Columkill's protec 
cion ! " C. 

4 Herenagh, etc. "Archdeane of 
Dyry, kylled," C. 

6 The battle. Abridged appar- 
ently from the Annals of Boyle, 


ccmicclcc ulcroti. 

Huai5pi lilli Clioneubaip 7 Concobup htta Ceallai5, T>n 
i copcaip Concobup hUu Ceallai| 7 a mac, i-oon, Txn>s 
7 a T>epbparaip, iT>ou, T)iapmui7> 7 mac "OiapmoDa, i"oon, 
mael-Seactamn 7 mac Tai-og hUi Concobuip, iT>on, 
cliamuin. ^illa-Cfiifc, mac TTlic Capp-oamna, caipec 
TYluinntipi THail-Shinna, occipup epc. d ) 

1an. u.* p., a t xii., CCnno "Domini TT1. c. Ucxx. 1. 
CCe-5 TTlac TTlupca^a, pigroii^ec TTluinncefii-bipn 7 
CCifvcefi 7 in "C^ica-cec, DO mafiba-5 -DO TTlao ITlar^amna 
i mebail aipecca. 1pn b bliaf>am fi T>ono b jiobpif" 
c hUa TTlaet'oo|iai'&, iDon,fii Ceneoil-Conaitl, 1 
macaiC fii Connacc, 1-0011, "Oia-8araipn 
7 d |ioma|ibaT) imopp.o" v^ 2 nieic ^15 T)ec -DO 
macaiC ^115 Connacc ann" 7 T>en5dp. Connacc ajuiena. 
81050*0 la "Domnatl, mac CCefta hlli Loclainn 7 La 
Y Cenel-n -60501 riJColca-oac 1 n-lllcaiC 7 T>obfiireDtin. cac 
a|i UltrarS^Tan, hthb-'Cuificn.i 7 afi penaiB-Li um 3 
Tluai^ixi 1Tlac"OinnnvleiBe7 mi Coin-TTIi-oe hUaphlain-o. 
C[ieac b mop. la pepaiC TT1ai5i-h1ra im Cara[i]n 
iT>on, Gcmapcac 7 Cenel-m-Oi 111115 ^"^6, co n-T>ecai:up 
cap "Cuaim 7 co|i'aip5fecap phipu-ti 7 liUa-'Cuiprpi 7 
5U pu5pacup. ilnnle T>O buaiB. b 'Comaltac htla Con- 
cobaip *oo 5at>ail comupbu[i]p parpaic 7 co n-'oepna-o 4 
cuaipc Ceneoi 1-6050111 leip, b co puc cuaipc motp b 7 co 
cue bennaczxnn 

** n. t. h., A. ; om., B, C. 

A.D. 1181. JCenel , A. 2 .ui., A, B. 'mi, B. 4 n--oei\tiav6 
he made, B. blank space, A. b - b om., B, C. "txrno indted added, 
B. d T>U in a place in which, B ; followed by C. om. (being unne- 
cessary, in consequence of the reading in the preceding note), B, C. ' om. , 

8 Gilla- Crist. Given in the A nnals 
of Boyle. The two additional entries 
are reproduced in the Four Masters. 

1181. ' Cantred. In the original, 

Tricha-cet: for which see 1106, note 
4; 1177, note 10. 

3 Battle. For a fuller account, 
see the Annals of Loch Ce (ad. an.). 



Maenmhuidhe, son of Rudighri Ua Conchubair and Con- 
chobur Ua Ceallaigh, wherein fell Conchobuir Ua Ceallaigh 
and his son, that is, Tadg and his brother, namely, Diar- 
muid and the son of Diarmuid, namely, Mael-Sechlainn 
and the son of Tadg Ua Chonchobuir, that is, the son-in- 
law. Gilla-Crist, 6 son of Mac Carrdamna, chief of Muinn- 
ter-Mail-Sinna, was slain.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 5th feria, 12th of the moon, A.U. 
1181. Aedh Mac Murchadha, royal chief of Muinnter- 
Birn and the Airthir and the Cantred, 1 was killed by Mac 
Mathgamna in treachery, at a meeting. In this year also 
Flaithbertach Ua Maeldoraidh, namely, king of Cenel- 
Conaill, gained a battle 2 upon the sons of the kings of Con- 
nacht, that is, on the Saturday of Pentecost [May 23] and 
there were killed indeed sixteen sons of kings of the sons 
of kings of Connacht and [there was] stark slaughter of 
Connacht besides. A hosting by Domnall, son of Aedh 
Ua Lochlainn and by the Cenel-Eogain of Telach-oc into 
Ulidia and they gained a battle over the Ulidians and over 
Ui-Tuirtri and over Fir-Li, around iluaidhri Mac Duinn- 
sleibhe [UaEochadha] and around Cu-Midhe UaFlainn. 
A great foray by the Men of Magh-Itha around O'Cathain, 
namely, Echmarcach and by the Cenel-Binnigh of the 
Glenn, until they went past Tuaim [on the Bann] and 
harried Fir-Li and Ui-Tuirtri and took away many 
thousands of cows. Tomaltach Ua Conchobair assumed 
the succession of Patrick 3 and the circuit of Cenel-Eogain 
was made by him, so that he took away large circuit 
[cess] and gave a blessing to them. 



The Annals of Innitf alien merely 
say: "A battle between the Con- 
nachtmen and Cenel-Eogain ; " the 
Annals of Boyle, with still greater 

brevity : " the battle of the royal- 

3 Succession of Patrick. That is, 
he was made archbishop of Armagh, 


ccmiatcc ulccDTi. 

OOomnatl' hlla Ceinnei-oi^, pi Up-tnuman, occiftif 
[ere]. T)onnfleil5e ^a-opa, T 11 Sleibe-tuu, oca pup 
[efc]. "Oomnatl hike Concenainn, pi hUa-n-"Oiafimara, 
occijHip [eft;]. CCcan liUa patlamain, caipec Clai 11111 - 
llcroac, mopicup.-- Ca na pig-oomna, *ou 1 copcpa-oap T>a 
mac "Coipp-oelbais hth Concobaip, n>on, bpian Lui^nec 
7 niasnup 7 cpi meic CCe-oa, mic 'Coifiji-oetbais U[i] 
Concobuip, iT>on, TTIaet-8ecnaitl 7 TYltnfierac 7 
cepcac ec 

]Cat.1an. ui". p*.,L xx. in., CCnno*Oomini Tn. c. laxnc.ii. 
Sluoa-5 ta "Oomnall hlla LocLamn co T)un-mb6 1 n- 
T)aL piarai 7 ca^ T>O cabaipc T)6 b -DO ^allaiC annfem 
7 mai-Drn pop c Cenel-n-eogain 7 Ra^nall bpeiflen 7>o 
Tnayibcro ann 7 ^iLta-Cfiiyc Ccrca[i]n T>o d mapba-o ann' 1 
ec alu Tnuln. Ocuf Sofcela Tllafiram T>O bp[e]i -DO 
^hallaitj teo- 

("Oomnalt 6 lilla ht1altaca[i]n, afi*Depfcop Tnuman, 
quiemt;. TTIiliT) ^occan 7 Remonn 7 Cenn-cuilini) 7 T>a 
mac Sceimm ec aLn mulci occipi punr. TTlaiT)m peim 

-t n. t. h., A; om., B, C. 

A.D. 1182. ft -* blank space, A. b-ooiB to them, B, C. ayv on, B. 
d -d om., B, C. -n. t. h., A ; om., B, C. 

in succession to Ua Carain, who 
died in the previous year. 

4 Demnall ; Donnsleibhe. Given 
in the A nnals of Boyle (ad an.). 

6 The battle, etc. This refers to 
the second original entry of the pre- 
sent year. The names agree with 
those in the Annah of Loch Ce. 

1182. 1 Gospel of Marti*. See 
under 1166, note 2. On the pre- 
sent occasion, it was most probably 
borne in battle as a Cathaeh, or 
praliator, to ensure victory to the 
native forces. 

3 Domnall; Uilo A defeat. The 

three entries are in the A nnals of 

3 Milo Cogan. Mac Geoghegan 
in his Annals, at 1181, says: 
" Miles Cogan, Reymond Dela- 
gross, Keann-koylean and the two 
sons of Fitz Stephens were killed 
by Mac Tyer, prince of Imokoylle " 
[recte, Ui-Liathain]. 

Cambrensis writes : Milo, Milo- 
nisque gener nuper effectus, Radul- 
phus, Stephanidae fiilius, versus 
Lismoriae partes profecti, cum in 
campis sedentes colloquium cum 
Watcrfordensibus expectassent ; a 



(Domnall 4 Ua Ceinneidig, king of Ormond, was slain. [H81] 
Donnsleibe 4 O'Gadhra, king of Sliab-Lughu, was slain. 
Domnall Ua Concenainn, king of Ui-Diarmata, was slain. 
Acan Ua Fallamhain, chief of the Clann-Uadach, dies. 
The battle 5 of the royal-heirs, wherein fell two sons of 
Toirrdelbach TJa Concobair, namely, Briain of Luighni 
and Magnus and three sons of Aedh, son of Toirrdelbach 
Ua Conchobuir, that is, Mael-Secnaill and Muirethach and 
Muircertach and others.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 6th feria, 23rd of the moon, A.D [H82] 
1182. A hosting by Domnall Ua Lochlainn to Dun-mbo 
in Dal-riatai and battle was there given by him to the 
Foreigners and defeat [was inflicted] upon Cenel-Eogain 
and Raghnall Ua Breislein was killed there and Gilla- 
Crist Ua Catha[i]n was killed there and many others 
[were killed]. And the Gospel 1 of [St] Martin was carried 
off with them by the Foreigners. 

(Domnall 2 Ua hUallachain, archbishop of Munster, rested. 
Milo 2 Cogan 3 and Remonn 4 and Cenn-cuilind 5 and the 
two 6 Fitz Stephens and many others were slain. A defeat 2 

proditore Machtiro, qui eos ea noct e 
hospitari debuerat, cum aliis quin- 
que militibus, improvisis a tergo 
securium ictibus sunt interempti 
(Exp. Hib. ii. 20). 

For the family of Mectire, see 
1199, note 1, supra; for his alleged 
treachery, O'Donovan (F. M. iii. 
61, note e). 

4 Remonn. Giraldus (Exp. Sib. 
ii. 35) mentions the death Reimundi 
Hugonidae [Fitz Hugh] apud 
Olethan [Ui-Liathain, the baronies 
of Barrymore and Kinnatalloon, co. 
Cork. The name lives in Caishan 

Ua-Liathain, Castlelyons]. He 
places it after the arrival of prince 
John. But, as his dates are unre- 
liable and the place accords, Rei- 
mundus, we may conclude, is the 
Remonn of the text. 

5 Cenn-Cuilind. Holly -head. This 
can hardly be the JReimtu,,lus 
Cantitunensis of Camhrensis, whose 
death is said to have occurred in 
Ossory, apud Ossiriam [Exp. Hib. 
ii. 35], after 1185. 

6 Two. Oambrensis names but 
one, Eadulph (Exp. Hib.n. 20). 



Huai-opi till a Concobmp 7 peim Concobup 

pop "Oonnecro, mac "Oomncntl 171 1-015 7 pop hlla TYlael- 

oopai-o, ubi muln ceci-oepunc.*) 


1an. tin.' p.,* L 1111., CCnnoT)omini TY1. c. lxxx. iii. 
Teacup mp in 1 illa-piabac tiUa plaicbepzxiis 2 7 mac 
hlli tia|ilmpe-oai5 | 7 [ph]laibept;aic -DO mapbai) 
ann 7 7>pem t>o Cernul-TTloen 3 *oo mafiba^ ann. 

. b "OonncaV mac "Oomnaill TT1 1-015, occifUf 
fa hUa TTlailm, efpuc 

mo^i ecep. UuaiT|ii hUa Concobuifi 7 a mac, ITHMI, 

]cal. 1an. 1. p., U x.u., CCnno T)omini TT1. c. o Ixxac. mi. 
"Oeic raip picic 1 7>o maiciB TTIumncefii CCp-oa-TTlaca 2 -DO 
apjain -DO ^hallaiB naTTli-oe. TTlael-1fU hlla Cepbaill 
DO gabail comupbuif pacpaic lap n-a -pagbail 7>o "Com- 
alcac hUa Concobuift CCpc hlla TTlael-[h]eclainn, b pi 
lafvcaifi 1Tli > De,'DO mapba-5 1 meBail ap epail ^alL ITlael- 
Sectainn bee -DO gabait pi|i 1 n-a ma-o- CaifT^el 
o'[p]ai;u^UT> la ^allaiB 1 Cill-paip. Caifral aile T>O 
milliUT la TTlael-Seclainn 7 la Concobup maenmai|i 
hlla Concobaip co pocai'5'e moip T>O ^hallaiB anT). 

A.D. 1183. 1 an,A. 2 lai6-(f;om.), B. 'Cheneol-tTloean, A. - blank 
space, A. ^oSd r. m., t h., A; om., B, C. "'n. t. h., A; om., B, C. 
A.D. 1184. xx., A, B. 2 CCiTit)maca, A. 

1183. 1 Oitta - riabhach. Th e 
rwarthy yillie. 

2 The Order, etc. This entry 
(which likewise occurs in Clyn'fl 
Annals, ad. an.) is a strange jumble 
of errors. The Order of Templars 
was confirmed by the Council of 
Troyee in 1128. Amaud de Toroge, 
the eighth Grand Master, ruled 
from 1179 to 1184. 

The Order of the Hospitallers 
of St. John (the Baptist) of Jem- 
salem was confirmed by Fope 
Paschal II. in 1113. Roger des 
Moulins, the seventh Grand 
Master, governed from 1 177 to 1 187. 

The earliest notices of the Orders 
in Anglo-Irish documents are per- 
haps the grant by King John (July, 
1199) of possessions in Ireland to 




[was inflicted] by Ruaidhri Ua Conchobuir and by Conco- 
bur Maenmuighi upon Donnchadh, son of Domnall the 
Midian and upon Ua Maeldoraidh, where many fell.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 7th feria, 4th of the moon, A.D. 
1 183. A contest [took place] between the Gilla-riabhach 1 
Ua Flaithbertaigh and the son of Ua Gailmredhaigh and 
0[F]laithbertaigh was killed there and a party of the 
Cenel-Moien was killed there. 

(The Order 2 of Templars and Hospitallers is confirmed. 

Donnchadh, 3 son of Domnall the Midian, was slain. 
Gilla-Isu 3 Ua Mailin, bishop of Magh-Eo, dies. Great 
war 3 between Ruaidhri Ua Concobuir and his son, namely, 
Concobur Maenmuighi.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 1st feria, 15th of the moon, A.D. n 134 Bis.] 
1184. Thirty houses of the principal members 1 of the 
Community of Ard-Macha were pillaged by the Foreigners 
of Meath. Mael-Isu Ua Cerbaill [bishop of Clogher] took 
the succession of -Patrick, after it was laid aside by Tomal- 
tach Ua Conchobair. Art Ua Mael-Sechlainn, king of the 
West of Meath, was direction of the Foreigners. 
Mael-Sechlainn the Little took the kingship in his 
stead. A castle 2 was built by the Foreigners in Cell-fair. 

Another castle was destroyed by Mael-Sechlainn and by 
Conchobur Maenmaighi Ua Conchobair, with a large 
number of Foreigners therein. 

the Knights Templars and a grant 
by the same (June, 1200) of a 
charter of liberties to the Knights 
Hospitallers (Calendar of Docu- 
ments relating to Ireland, Vol. I. 
Nos. 85, 123). 

Donnchadh ; Gilla-Isu ; Great war. 
These three items are erroneously 
inserted in this place. See them 
under next year. 

1184. 1 Principal members. Lite- 

rally, good (men). For maithibh 
the Four Masters have roighnibh 
cumhdaighthi, which seems mean- 
ingless. O'Donovan translates it 
" of the best houses," which is not 
the sense of the original. 

2 Castle. This, most probably, is 
the castellum de Kilair, which 
Cambrensis states was built by 
De Lacy (in 1182). (Exp. Hib^ 



CCmiCClGC UUrotl. 

("OonncoV mac "Oomnaill TTli'Di, occifup [efc]. 
itla-1ru hUa TTlaitm, efpuc 11)11151-60, mojiicun. 
Co^cri) mop, ecep. Ruai7>pi hUa ConcoEaip 7 a mac, 1-0011, 
Concobup. rnaenmuigi. Opian Opeipnee, mac Txnpp- 
oetbai^ hth Concobaifi, mopitup. plann hUapmnacca, 
raipec Claiiini-TTlupca > 6a, mopicup. ) p., l.xx- in., CCnno "Domini TT1. c. locxx. . 
TTlepr rnon. (n>on,' -oaipmep ) ifin bliatam fi cocoiccenn. 
PI tip Uinfeffia 1 co n-^attaiB 6|ienn ime i n-CCfi-D- 
TTIaca co cenn fe 2 la 7 fe n-oi-oce 1 ceficme^on m 
Cho^aif. CCmlaim hUa TTluiperais, epy-cop CC|iT)[a]- 
TTlaca 7Ceniuit-penaTai5, 3 loc|iann f oluf^a nofoillfiseT) 
cuaic 7 eclaif, m Chfiifco quieuic, 1* n-T)un 4: Cpunai 7 
a cabaific co honojiac co "Oai|ii Coluim-citle 7 a aftnucat 
po cofaiB a acap., 1-oon, m 5 en>uic hlli Cot5ai| (i-oon, b 
1 coeB in cempaill b bicc c ), occo56fimo d fexco [ajecacif 
fu[a]e anno. d po^iip-cac hlta Cep.balla[i]n -DO Cernul- 
6llanna "DO oip'one'D 1 n-a inaT). ^illa-Cfiifc TTIac 
Cacmail, pig^oif ec Ceneoil-peajiaoais 7 na Clann, (i-oon e 
Clann-OengUf a 7 Clann-'Duib'innn.ecc 7 Clan 
cai5 e ) 7 hlla-Cenn[p]aca 6 7 CLainni-Cotla 7 -DO 

M n. t. h., A ; om., B, C. * 

A.D. 1185. iUn B. 2 ui, A, B. s e^croaig (p om.), A. M^n^jun 
(eclipsed -oom.), A. 8 an,A. 6 Cennpotxi, B. 7 Congail, A. ** itl., t. h. 
A ; om., B, C. "iti., t. h., A, B ; given in C. HL, t. h., A ; om., B, C. 
^ itL, t, h., A ; om., B, C. itl., t. h., A; part of text, B, C. 

3 Donnchadh, etc. These items 
(with the exception of the third 
and son-Concobair of the fourth) 
are given in the Annals of Boyle 
under this year. Observe the cap- 
ricious variants in the transcrip- 
tion of the three entries that are 
also placed under the preceding 
year: Midigh-Midig,Isu-Isa,Mui<jlu- 
Maighi, Concobhair-Concholtuir. 

4 Great tear. According to the 
Annals of Boyle, Ruaidhri gave up 
the kingship to his son in 1183 and 
"reigned again" in 1184. The 
present entry (if it be not mis- 
placed ; Cf. the first additional 
item of 1185) will thus signify that 
he re-took possession by force. 

1 1 85. J Philip of fTorcuter.Thia 
agrees with Cambrensis, who calls 



(Donnchadh, 3 son of Domnall the Midian, was slain. 
Gilla-Isu TIa Mailin, bishop of Magh-Eo, dies. Great war 4 
between Ruaidhri TJa Conchobair and his son, namely, 
Concobur Maenmuighi. Brian of Breifni, son of Toirr- 
delbach Ua Concobair, dies. Flann Ua Finnachta, chief 
of Clann-Murchadha, dies.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 3rd feria, 26th of the moon, A.D. 
1185. Great crop (namely, oak-crop) generally in this 
year. Philip 1 of "Worcester, with the Foreigners of Ireland 
along with him, [stayed] in Ard-Macha for six days and 
six nights in the very middle of the Lent. Amhlaim Ua 
Muirethaigh, bishop of Ard-Macha and Cenel-Feradhaigh, 
the shining lamp that used to illuminate laity and clergy, 
rested in Christ in Dun-Cruthnai. And he was carried 
honourably to Daire of Colum-cille and buried at the feet 
of his father, namely, the bishop Ua Cobhthaigh 2 (that is, 
beside the small church), in the 86th year of his age. 
Fogartach Ua Cerballa[i]n of Cenel-Ellanna was instituted 
in his stead. Gilla-Crist Mac Cathmail, royal chief of 
Cenel-Feradhaigh and of the Clanns, namely, Clann- 
Oengusa and Clann-Duibhinnrecht and Clann-Fhogur- 



him Philippus Wigorniensis and 
gives an account of what he did in 
Armagh on that occasion : 

Revocato Hugone de Laci, 
Philippus Wigorniensis, . . . 
cum militibus quadraginta, procu- 
rator in insulam est transmissus 
[anno 1184]. . . . Elapsavero 
hieme, convocato exercitu magno, 
circa Kalendas Martii Archmatiam 
profectus sacro quadragesimal! 
tempore, a clero sacro auri tributum 
execrabile tarn exigens quam ex- 
torquens, cum sius per urbetn 

Lugdunensem [Louth] Dubliniam 
indemnis est reversus (Exp. Hib. 
ii. 25). The same is given in sub- 
stance in the Top. Hib. dist. ii. c. 50. 
2 Ua Cobthaigh. " It looks very 
odd," O'Donovan observes, (Four 
Masters, Hi. p. 69) " that a bishop 
O'Murray (Ua Muirethaigh) should 
be the son of a bishop O'Coffey." 
His mother, the editor of the Annals 
of Loch Ce suggests, may have been 
of the family of O'Murray and he 
may have adopted her name. He 
succeeded Ua Cerbaill (O'Carroll). 





TTlanac, cenn comainle T4iaipc[e]inr; 6n,enn,7>o manba-o, 
1-oon," 1 pniT> "Noin TTlai,* la hUa n-Gism's 7 la 
1TluinnT;en.-Coema[i]n 7 a cenn 7>o bn.ei leo, co ppic 
uaici!5 i cinn mip iaju;ain- h6oan Sineen. (iT>on, f fine 8 
cejfipa 8 '), mac fii 8axan, T>O sect; 9 1 n-0n.inn, luce eni 
pcee 10 long, no ni if moa, fie caeB ip,ai^e fieime -DO 
^allaiC 1 ii-6|iinT). lT1ael-1ru g hlla 
lei|mn "Daifie Coin ITTI-CI lie, T>O ec 1 n-a 
7 rnael-Cainni hlla pejicomaif TO |aCail a 
TTlael-Seclainn, mac TTluificeiicaic hUi toclamn, T>O^ T>O ^aU-mlS- 

(Co^a-5 h ecep, Rtiai^fii hUa Concobuin. 7 Concobun, 
a mac. "Oomnall hUa bpiain 1 poin.n>in 
7 ^tiji'Loifc 7 siifi'aifis cella 

Conn ace, suji'rnafib a n-T>aine. Caral, mac 
Concobaifi tTlaenmuisi, -D'a^ain 7 TX> lofca-5 
Cilli-T>a-lua 1 n-Tnail na n-olc fin. h ["Oian.maic, 1 
mac "Cofi-oelbai^ U[i] bfiiain, -DO -oalltiT) la] "Oomnall 
hUa bpiam. Rii Connacc 7)0 ^abail TX> Concobufi 

]Cal. 1an. nn.'p, I. un.,CCnnoT)omini rn. c. lxxx.ui. 
acaipi moji i Duaifceiie Bfienn ifin bba-oain fi. 
CCcinga-D "Oomnaill, mic CCe-oa hUi toclainn 1 7 ni^ai) 
Ruai-5|ii hUi [phjlaiebepeaic ic -Dfieim -DO Chemul- 

(=pne cefxfict); A. "fraccain, B. 10 jcx., A, B. itl., 
t. h.. A, B; " John sine terra," C. worn., B, C. h - h n. t. h., A: om., 
B, C. 1-1 1. m., n. t. h. (first entry is imperfect, owing to excision of margin), 
A ; om., B, C. 
A.D. 1186. ^clainn, B. blank space, A. ^om., B, C. 

'Sixty ships strong. Literally, 
the folk of three score tliips 
For the date of John's arrival, 

see Cambrenais, Exp. Hib. ii. 32 ; 
for his doings in Ireland, ib. 36 
(Rolls' ed.). 


taigh and the Ui-Cenn[fli]ata and the Clann-Colla of Fir- 
Manach, head of counsel of the North of Ireland, was 
killed, namely, on [Sunday] the 2nd of the Nones [6th] of 
May, by Ua Eignigh and by Muinnter-Coema[i]n. And his 
head was carried away by them, but was gotten from them 
at the end of a month after. John Lack-land, son of the 
king of the Saxons, came into Ireland, sixty 3 ships strong, 
or something more, besides what was before him of 
Foreigners in Ireland. Mael-Isu Ua Muiredhaigh, lector 
of Daire of Colum-cille, died a choice elder. 4 And Mael- 
Cainnigh Ua Fercomais took his place. Mael-Sechlainn, 
son of Muircertach Ua Lochlainn, was killed by the 

(War 5 between Ruaidhri Ua Conchobuir and his son, 
Concobur Maenmuighi. Domnall Ua Briain [went] in 
aid of Ruaidhri, so that he destroyed and burned 
and pillaged the churches of the West of Connacht 
[and] killed the . inhabitants. Cathal Carrach, son of 
Conchobar Maenmuighi, plundered and burned Cell-da-lua 
in revenge of those evils. [Diarmait, son of Tordelbach 
Ua Briain, was blinded by] Domnall Ua Briain. The 
kingship of Connacht was assumed by Concobur Maen- 

Kalends of Jan. on 4th feria, 7th of the moon, A.D. 
1186. Great disturbance in the North of Ireland in this 
year. Deposition of Domnall, son of Aedh Ua Lochlainn 
and crowning of Ruaidhri Ua [F]laithbertach by a party 
of the Cenel-Eogain of Telach-oc. Gilla-Patraic, grand- 



4 A choice elder. Literally, in his 
choice elder ; a native idiom express- 
ing state, or condition. 

War t etc. These items, in* 

eluding the portion within square 
brackets), are given (the first at 
great length) ia the Annalt of 


ccwicclcc ulcroti. 

cuifin, coipec htla-bnana[i]n, 7>o manbao la "Oomnall 
hlla loclainn, tnia ejxail 171uinnceni-b|Utna[i]n peiri. 


Uga "Oe-laci T>O 
o'O fnia-Daig -DO t^ebca 
(iT)on, c malafiT;ac 7T>ifcail- 
cec neime-o 7 cell Onenn, 
a mafiba-o 1 n-einec Co- 
l[uim-cille ic cunroacj 
capceoil, iT>on, a n-"0ep- 


"Oe-Laci, malafi- 
cac, oifcailcec ceall 7 
neiine-D Gfienn, T>O'D 
T>'U TTliaTiais TX> bpe^mu- 
nai^, lafin Sinnac Ua 
Cacapnaig, i n-einec Co- 
luim-cille, iccunroaccaif- 
ceoil 1 n-a all, iT>on, i n- 
ex quo 
pun-Dora epc "Oapia eccle- 

1nnafiba[f>] Huai-o^i hUi Concobaifi la Concobuji 
Tnaenmaige, 1 1'a mac -pem 7 nnlliu-5 Connacc ecapfiu.' 2 
Conn hlla bfieiflen, coinnel eini 7 ^aifci-D "Cuaif- 
ce[i]fic Gyienn, -DO mafiba-5 -DO -opeini TX> Chenel-eogain 
7 Inip-eogain uile -DO aiicain c]aicfein, cen 3 co fiaibe cin 
ooiB ann. 

(Concu^ap* hlla plait>eficai5 T>O riiayiba'b la Ruai'Diu 
hlla "Plaicbe|icai5, la a Defitffiarain.-pein, 1 n-D-CCfiainu 
Ruai-Dpi hUa Con cu bain. T>'innafiba[T>] T)'a mac pein, 
i-oon, -DO ConcuBap. TDhaenmui-De. "Oefio'opsall, ingen 

2 eco|iyva, B. 3 an, A. c-c Partly itL, partly r. m., t. h. [parts within 
square brackets are wanting, owing to excision of edge of folio], A ; om., 
C. For the reading of B, see parallel entry. d-<1 Given in B and C after 
the 1rmafxba[f>] item. o^n.. t. h., A ; om., B, C. 

1186. l ffMitdhaigh." A work- 
man," C. 

2 Ua Miadhaigh of Breghmuna. 
" Killed as aforesaid, by one of 
Brewny, by the Fox O'Catharny," 
C. This translator, it thus appears, 
had before him the entries as given 

in A and B. O'Donovan has taken 
needless pains (p. 72 sq.) to confirm 
the accuracy of the native accounts 
of De Lacy's death. 

3 640<A year. O'Donovan inserts 
" [540 ?]." This would date the 
foundation half a century after the 


son of "the stooping gillie," chief of Ui-Brana[i]n, was 
killed by Domnall Ua Lochlainn, by direction of the 
Muinnter-Brana[i]n themselves. 


Ugo De Lacy was killed 

by O'Miadhaigh 1 of Tebtha 
(that is, the destroyer and 
the dissolver of the sanc- 
tuaries and churches of 
Ireland he was killed in 
reparation to Colum-cille, 
whilst building a castle 
namely, in Dermagh). 

Hugo De Lacy, destroyer 

[and] dissolver of the 
churches and sanctuaries of 
Ireland, was killed by Ua 
Miadhaigh of Breghmuna, 2 
by [direction] of the "Fox" 
Ua Catharnaigh, in repara- 
tion to Colum-cille, whilst 
building a castle in his 
church, namely, in Dur- 
magh, in the 640th 3 year 
since the church of Dair- 
inagh was founded. 

Expulsion of Ruaidhri Ua Conchobair by Conchobur 
Maenmaige, his own son and destruction of Connacht 
[ensued] between them. Conn Ua Breislen, candle of 
hospitality and championship of the North of Ireland, 
was killed by a party of the Cenel-Eogain and Inis- 
Eogain was all ravaged through that, although they had 
no guilt[ypart] therein. 

(Conchubhar 4 Ua Flaithbertaigh was killed by Ruaidhri 
Ua Flaithbertaigh, by his own brother, in Ara. Ruaidhri 4 
Ua Conchubair was expelled by his own son, namely, by 
Conchobhar Maenmhuidhe. Derbhorgall, 5 daughter of 

death of St. Columba, a conclusion 
quite untenable. The Daria in- 
tended, the context shows, -was 
Burrow (King's County). It was 
thus, if the entry can he relied 
upon, founded in the same year as 
Derry (545=646, supra). 

4 Conchubhar ; Ruaidhri. Given 
in Annals of Boyle, with omission 
of by his oun brother, by his own son 

5 Derbhorgall. Whose elopement 
with Diannait Mac Murchadha 


ccNNCclo: ulcroti. 


o'a hoiliccfii." OfiTX)' Canfrhupianofium] conppmacufi.',) 

fcat. 1an.ti. a p.,'L X.UUL, CCnno "Domini 171 c. lxxx- un. 
Hum-Bin hlla [phjlaicbentaic, ni Cenefoijl-eogam, T>O 
manbcro aji cneic 1 T^in-Conaill. Canfiac laca-Ce T>O 
lofcao 1 me-oon laa, 7>u m nobaiT>eT>7in 
hlh Siftm, ben Concobaip. TTlic "Oiafimcrca, |ii[5] 
Luipj 7 fecc, 1 no ni if moo, ecefi pi|iu if rnna, TX) 
7 bcrou-D n 2 ne oen uaipe mnci. *Ojiuim-cliaBT)o aficam 
DO macTTlael-Sheclamn htli Ruaific (i-oon, b T>O CCe-5 b ), 
oo 1115 hlla-m-bfiium 7 Conmaicne 7 -DO mac Ccrcailhtli 
Ruaific 7 7)0 ^hallaiB na TTli-oe imaille piu. 3 CCcc 
Dopoine "Dia -pin.c ampa ap. Colum-citle ann, i7>on, 
pomanba-5 mac TTIaet-Seclainn hlli Ruaific (iT>on, b 
CCei) b ) fiia cmn caici-oifi 4 iafi fem (1 Conmaicne ) 7 
mac Cacait hlli Ru|aipc, fiifi rangaf in 
1 tai hUi TTlael-oofiai p 5,i n-einec Coluim-cille 
-DO aep gfia-oa meic TTlael- 
Seclainn an. puc Conmaicne 7 Caifipfii "Dfioma-ctiaB 

mijibuit Coluim-cille. 

(TTlael-1fU d hlla CeanBuill, eppcop Oifi^iall, quieuic. 
mac "Cai-D^ hlli TTlhailfiuaini5, 7 fii 
, obnc/ 1 ) 

7 fiomafibaic 5 fe 6 -picic 6 

w r. m., n. t. h., A ; om., B, C. 

A.D. 1187. itm, A, B. s n^' B - 3 Fn itJ B - 4 caeiccipf, A. 
too, B. 8 - 8 .ui jcx:, A, B. 7 -fiafxi5, MS. (A), "blank space, A. "ill., 
n.t. h^ A ; cm., B, C. itL, t. h., A, B ; om., C. ** n. t. h., A ; om., B, C. 

was the alleged cause of the intro- 
duction of the English into Ireland. 
The Order, etc. The bracketted 
portion is from Clyn's Annals. 
The item is post-dated by more 
than a century. 

1187. 1 the. Rock. By metonymy 
for the castle and dwellings built 

2 Burned. By lightning, accord- 
ing to the Annals of Loch Ce (which 
ive the occurrence under 1 185 and, 
more briefly, at 1187). 

3 Mid-day. The Annaltof Loch Ce 
(1 1 85) state the burning took place: 
ipm CCoine lap, n-1tiic cojxguif 
on the Friday after the Beginning 
[of the second and more strictly 


Murchadh Ua Mael-Sechlainn, went to Drochait-atha on 
her pilgrimage. The Order 6 of Carthusians] is con- 

Kalends of Jan. on 5th feria, 18th of the moon, A.D. 
1187. Ruaidhri Ua [F]laithbertaigh, king of Cenel- 
Eogain, was killed on a foray in Tir-Conaill. The Rock 1 
of Loch Ce was burned 2 at mid-day, 3 where was drowned 
and burned 4 the daughter of Ua Eidhin, wife of Concho- 
bair Mac Diarmata, king of Magh-Luirg. And seven 
hundred, or something more, both men and women, were 
burned and drowned in the space of one hour therein. 
Druim-cliabh was pillaged by the son of Mael-Sechlainn 
Ua Huairc (namely, by Aedh), king of Ui-Briuin and 
Conmaicni and by the son of Oathal Ua R-uairc and by 
the Foreigners of Meath along with them. But God 
wrought a wonderful deed for Colum-cille therein, that 
is, the son of Mael-Sechlainn Ua Ruairc (namely, Aedh) 
was killed (in Conmaicni) before the end of a fortnight 
thereafter. And the son of Cathal Ua Ruairc, with whom 
came the hosting into the house of Ua Maeldoraidh, was 
blinded in reparation to Colum-cille. And six score of 
the minions of the son of Mael-Sechlainn were killed 
throughout the length of Conmaicni and Cairpri of Druim- 
cliabh, through miracle of Colum-cille. 

(Mael-Isu 5 Ua Cearbhuill, bishop of Oirghialla, rested. 
Muirghius, 5 son of Tadhg Ua Mailruanaigh, king of 
Magh-Luirg, died.) 



observed moiety] of Lent; i.e., the 
Friday after the fourth Sunday of 
Lent. (See Todd Lectures, Ser. 
Hi. No. iv.) This will account for 
the otherwise incredible loss of life. 
The people had assembled from the 
mainland for divine service. 

4 Drowned and burned. A hys- 
teron proteron. Her dress having 
become ignited, the queen rushed 
into the lake to extinguish the 
name and was drowned. 

8 Mael-Isu ; Muirghius. Given 
under the preceding year in the 



]caL1an.ui. a p., a l.acx.ix., CCnno "Dormm TTl.c. lxxx.uiii. 
Huaifcpi hUa Cananna[i]n, pi Ceneoil-Conaill pi heft 
7 fii-oomna Gpenn, TJO mapba-5 -DO [ph]laii:bepT;ac hUa 
ttlaeVoopaii) cpia mebail ic "Opocac Slici^i, 1 iap b n-a 
bpeca-5 T>O lap T)poma-clia15 imac 7 bpaaip~T>6 T>O 
mapbai) imaitle pip 7 T>pem T)'a Tnuinncip. hUa 
^aiftb (iT)on, c TTlagnur )' coipec pefi-"OfU)ma, 
larha afi hUa Cananna[i]n, T>O mapba-o T>O 
ecmaficai hUi "Oocaficai| 1 n-T)i5ailhlli Chcmanna[i]n. 
"OorYinall hUa Cananna[i]n T>O tecfia-o a coifi T)ia 
pein 1 n-"0ai|ie 1^ 2 jaic afclainne connai-5 7 a ec 

oe qua rnifibail Coluun-ciLLe. TFlapconnhlla 
afi'oecnai'D ^oei-DeL uile 7 ajvopejilei 511111 (DCifi-o-TTlaca, 
DO ec. CCifilaim hUa *0aiin *oo cocc co hi T)'a 
7 a ec 1 n-h1 ia|i n-aicpiji cogai'oi. ^JroU- 
TTlai5i-Coba 7 T^fienri o'llib-Scac Ulao T>O raitecc afi 
cjieic hi "Ciii-n-Gofjain, co coyiiiacccrDafi co Leim-mic- 
"Meill 7 co fio^abfcrc bu ani>fin 7 d co n--oecaii> "OomnalL 
hUa LocLainn 'n-a n-'oegai'D 7 Luce a cortiponna pem, co 
fiuc popyia 1 Cat5an-na-cficmn-afi7>, co rajiDfcrc 'oeCai'D 7 
co fiomai-o a\i na ^attaiB 7 co fiocuifie-o' a n-dp. arco 7 
co cap'oa'D pa'oa'5 -DO ^atl^ai ifin 1115 a aenop, co 
copcaip annfin 1 -pfiir^ulin, iT>on, "Dotnnatl, mac CCe-5a 
htli Loclainn, pi CCili^ 3 7 piT>arfina Gpenn ap cpuc 7 ap 
ceitt 7 ap r;ai5efup 7 ap cpebaipe. 4 Ocup puca-5 in la 
fin pem co hCCp-o-lDaca 7poha i bnaice'5 ann co honopac. 
Sluasa-o la hOoan "Oo-Chuipc 7 la SallaiD* Gpenn mle 
1 ConnaccaiB imaille 3 pe Concobtip hUa n-"Oiapmaca. 

A.D. 1188. JptigiT), B. 2 i, A. 3 Oi , B. 4 baii\, A. blank 
apace, A. b i-oon, iafi namely, after, B. "^itL, t. h., A, B ; given in C. 
d om., B ; given in C. yxomayvba'D was killrd, B. 

Annul* of Boyle. Ua Cerbaill 
(O'Carroll) was elected archbishop 
of Armagh in 1184. He died, 

according to Ware (voL i. p. 180), 
on his journey to Romr. 




Kalends of Jan. on 6th feria, 29th of the moon, A.D. 1188 Bis.] 
1188. Ruaidhri Ua Cananna[i]n, king of Cenel-Conaill 
for a time and royal heir of Ireland, was killed by Flaith- 
bertach Ua Maeldoraidh through treachery, at the Bridge 
of Slicech, after decoying him out from the centre of 
Druim-cliabh. And a brother of his was killed along with 
him and a party of his people. Ua Gairb (namely, 
Maghnus), chief of Fir-Droma, who laid [violent] hands 
on Ua Cananna[i]n, was killed by the people of Echmar- 
cach Ua Dochartaigh in revenge of Ua Cananna[i]n. 
Domnall Ua Cananna[i]n laid open his foot with his own 
axe, whilst cutting a faggot of firewood in Daire and he 
died thereof, by miracle of Coluim-cille. Martin Ua 
Brolaigh; arch-sage of all the Goeidhil and arch-lector of 
Ard-Macha, died. Amhlaim Ua Daighri came to I[ona] 
on his pilgrimage and he died in I[ona] after choice 
penance. The Foreigners of the castle of Magh-Coba 
and a party of the Ui-Echach of Ulidia came on a foray 
into Tir-Eogain, Until they reached to Leim-mic-Neill 1 and 
seized cows there. And Domnall Ua Lochlainn went 
against them with a force of his own party, until he over- 
took them at Cabhan of the High Trees. They gave them 
battle and it went against the Foreigners and slaughter of 
them was inflicted. And a thrust of- a foreign spear was 
given to the king alone, so that he fell there in the conflict : 
that is, Domnall, son of Aedh Ua Lochlainn, king of 
Ailech and [worthy to be] royal heir of Ireland for form 
and for sense and for ^excellence and for prudence. And he 
was carried that very day to Ard-Macha and buried there 
honourably. A hosting by John De-Courcy and by the 
Foreigners of all Ireland into Connacht, along with Con- 

1188. 1 Leim-mic-Neill. Leap of 
the son of Niall (grandson, according 
to O'Donovan, F. 11. iii. 81, of 

Aedh, king of Ireland, who died 
818=819, supra). The place was 
near Dungannon, co. Tyrone (ib.) 



AMd 'Cinoiti'5 Con|cot5ap TTlaenmaii (iDon, pi Connect?) 
Connacca 7 ric T)omnatt hUa bpiam, pi TTluman, co 
op&m D'pepaiB TTluman i pocpaici pi Connacc. CCcup 
ni DO cellait5 m tipe pempu 7 ni poleicpec 
Doit5. Imctoeic imuppo na gaill cmiap co 
h6p-Dpa DO cui-Becc i f Dp-ConailU O'ccualarufi 

B 56c imtipfio na ^aitl Cenet-Conailt | 7 ht1aTlflaelT)opai'5 T>O 
bi ic T)p<jirn-ctiaB, poloi|-crec 6ap-T)afia DO leip 7 
imcloiT: ap[i]if [1] i ConnaccaiB 7 cecair ifin SegDaif 
7 crcnasan: Connacca* 7 pip TTluman ammuf popjui 7 7 
mapbaic a n-dp. 7 -pacbcnc na 5i^ ^ sip ^ e icm can 
a becc T>O ^leu-o. Brain, m^en htli Cuinn, pian 
TTluman, *oo bdi 'ca haitirpi ic "Oaipe, 7>o eciapm-buai-5 
o 7>omon 7 o oen'ian. 

(Tnuipcepcac, h mac Uaru,htla ChonceanainT),pi bUa- 
n-*0hiapmaca, mopcuup epc. "Domnall, mac LocLamT) 
hU TTlhaeitpuanai-D 7 peap^at hUa "CaiTtg m ce^lai^ 7 
plaicbepcac, mac Rnicca, bUa pbinnacca, occipi punc. h 
TTluipcepcac 1 hUg bpain, pi bpe^mume, occipup epc.i 
hlla 1 TTlailpuanai-o occipup epc CCnno "Domini 1188. 1 ) 

]Cal. 1an. 1. -p., L x., CCnno T)omim m. c. locxx. ix. 
"Oomnall, mac* TDuipceprail bUi Loclamn, DO mapbat* 
DO ^allaiB "Dhal-CCpaiDe acu -pem. TTIupcaD hUa 
Cepbaitt, aipDpi CCippatl, DO ec ifin TTlainipcip-moip 

8 maille (aphaeresis of i), A. 6 |\eile6, B. 7 ap.fue, B. ' co to, B ; 
with which agrees C. * om. (manifestly by oversight), A. h-h n. t. h., A ; 
om., B, C. M 64o, Lm., n. t. h., A; om., B, C. }J54d, t. m., n. t. h. 
(overhead, another item was cut away in trimming the edge), A ; om., B, C. 
A.D. 1189. * mac tmc grandton (mic was added by mistake), B. 

2 On their march. Literally, be- 
fore them. 

* (7aAfaeldoraidh,etc.The author 
of C., having forgotten apparently 
that he had translated from this 
to the end of the year under 1179, 

renders it thus in this place : " and 
O'Moyldoray were at Druuikliew, 
they burnt Esdara all and turned 
to Connaght againe and into camp 
["their houldings," 1179: recte 
the Seghdais]. And Connaght 




cobur Ua Diarmata. Concobar Maenmhaighi (namely, [H88] 
king of Connacht) musters the Connachtmen and Domnall 
Ua Briain, king of Munster, comes with a party of the 
Men of Munster into the force of the king of Connacht. 
And they burn some of the churches of the country on 
their march 2 and some they allowed to escape them [intact]. 
Howbeit, the Foreigners turn back to Ess-dara to come 
into Tir-Conaill. But, when they heard that the Cenel- 
Conaill and Ua Maeldoraidh 3 were at Druim-cliabh, they 
burned Ess-dara completely and turn again into Connacht 
and come into the Seghdais. And the Connachtmen and 
Men of Munster deliver an attack upon them and the 
Foreigners are killed with slaughter and leave the country 
by force without a whit of triumph. Etain, daughter of 
Ua Cuinn, queen of Munster, who was on her pilgrimage 
at Daire, died after victory over 4 the world and over 4 the 

(Muircertach 5 Ua Concheanainn, son of Uathu, king of 
Ui- Diarmata, died. Domnall, son of Lochlann Ua Maeil- 
ruanaidh and Fearghal Ua Taidhg " of the [hospitable] 
household" and Flaithbertach, Ua Finnachta, son of Biucc, 
were slain. Muircertach Ua Brain, king of Breghmhuine, 
was slain. Ua Mailruanaidh 6 was slain, A.D. 1188.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 1st feria, 10th of the moon, A.D. 
1189. Domnall, son of Muircertach Ua Lochlainn, was 
killed by the Foreigners of Dal-Araidhe, [whilst] amongst 
themselves. Murchadh Ua Cerbaill, arch-king of Air- 

and Mounster came uppon them 
and slaughtered them and left the 
country by force, without much 
fight [" with some bickering," 
1179]. Edyn, O'Cuyn's daughter 
that was pilgrim at Dyry, died." 
4 Over. -Literally, from. 

5 Mmrcertach, etc. These four 
items are given in the Annals of 
Loch Ce under this year. 

6 Ua Mailruanaidh. "Taithlech, 
son of Conchobar, son of Diar- 
maid, son of Tadhg Ua Maelrua- 
naidh. was slain," Annalso/Loeh Ce. 



an. n-ainii o|ai'5i. CCn-o-Tnaca-oo lojXja-5 o cnopa[i$] 
co neiclef bfii^ci, ecen. Rai 7 "Gfiian 7 cempuU 
), mac TTlic Canai, fonup 7 fobanrain Thipe- 
h6o|ain wle, T>O ec. TTlac na haifcce hUa TTlail- 
fiuanaif>, fii pen.-TTlanae, T>O arni^a-D 7 a 7>ul "Docum hUi 
CefibaitU CCcuf cyiec ^att -oo cui-oecc ifin 1 ci|i 7 
compmci'D hUa Cef\bailt 7 hlla Tnaelfiuanai-D pfiiti 7 
mai-oif pofi Ua Cejibcnll 7 ma|ibra[i]|i hUa ITIael- 
fiuanai-B ann. b Concobufi Tnaenmaigi, mac Huaifcfii, 
Connacc 7 |in)amna 6|ienn uile, TK) mafiba-5 -o'a 
ein, c|iia efiail a bfiacaji, 1-oon, Concobai|i 
hUi n-'Oiajimaca (mac Cofimaic ; aliaf, d macRuai'5]ii d )- 
ConcoCufi hUa n-"0iayimar:a T>ono -DO ma^ba-D la Cacal 
ca|ifiac,mac Concobaiyi TTlhaenmai5i,i 2 n-'Di5ail a arap. 
CCp-o-TTlaca -DO ajicain La hGoan "Oo-ChuifiC7 la ^Uai6 
6j*enn. TUac na pefiefi, fii 8axan, T)O ec- TTlael- 
Cainni| hUa pe^comaif, pepleismn *0aipe, T>O ba^u-5 
eceyi CCifiT) 7 1nif-6o^ain. 

(TTluificeprac' hUa 12lannaca[i]n, coipeac Chlainne- 
Cacail, moficuuf efc. e ) 

A 55a \CaL 1an. (11.* p.,') L axe. i., CCnno "Domini TH.c. lacocxoc. 

[Long 1 " Cacail CfioibT>efi5 hi ConcoCain., |ii Connacc, 

oo BaraT) afi Loc-RiC 7 fiobai7>eD .xxxui. uip.i, im 

CCipeccac hUa Ha-ouiB, -DUX Clainni-Tx>malcai5 b ] 7 im 

i ip B. 3 a, A. > om., B, C. c - itL, t h., A ; om., B, C. "r. m., n. 
t. h. A ; om., B, C. M n. t. h., A ; om., B, 0. 

A.D. 1190. M blank space, A. The year is blank in A, B, C. ^ Sup- 
plied from A nnal* of Loch Ce, A.D. 1190. c -On text space, n. t. h., A ; 
om., B, C. 

1189. 1 Mellijont. For the Irish 
Cistercian monasteries, see the 
erudite Introduction to the Trium- 
phaUa Monasterii S. Cruets, ed. Rev. 
D. Murphy, S.J., Dublin, 1891. 

8 Clote and Third. See 1074, note 
5, tupra. 

3 Echmiledh. Horse soldier ; 

*Sm of Ruaidhri. The alterna- 


gialla, died in the Great Monastery [of Mellifont 1 ] after [1189] 
choice penance. Ard-Macha was burned from the Crosses 
of Biigit to the Regular church of Brigit, both Close and 
Third 2 and church. Echmiledh, 3 son of Mac Canai, 
happiness and prosperity of all Tir-Eogain, died. " Son 
of the night " Ua Mailruanaigh, king of Fir-Manach, was 
deposed and went to Ua Cerbaill. And a foray [-party] of 
the Foreigners came into the country and TJa Cerbaill and 
Ua Maelruanaigh encounter them and defeat is inflicted 
upon Ua Cerbaill and Ua Maelruanaidh is killed there. 
Conchobur Maenmaighi, son of Ruaidhri [Ua Conchobair], 
arch-king of Connacht and royal heir of all Ireland, was 
killed by his own minions, by direction of his kinsman, 
namely, Conchobar Ua Diarmata (son of Cormac ; other- 
wise, son of Ruaidhri 4 ). Conchobar Ua Diarmata, however, 
was killed by Cathal Carrach, son of Conchobar Maen- 
maighi, in revenge of his father. Ard-Macha was pillaged 
by John De-Courcy and by the Foreigners of Ireland. 
The son of the Empress, 5 king of the Saxons, died. Mael- 
Cainnigh Ua Fercomais, lector of Daire, was drowned 
between Ard and Inis-Eogain. 

(Muircertach 2 Ua Flannaca[i]n, chief of Clann-Cathail, 

Kalends of Jan. on 2nd feria, 21st of the moon, A.D. [U90] 

[A ship 1 of Cathal Red-hand Ua Conchobhair, king 
of Connacht, foundered on Loch-Ribh and there were 
drowned thirty- six men, including Airechtach Ua 
Radhuibh, chief of Claim Tomaltaigh] (and including 

tive is correct, according to the 
Annals of Loch Ge. 

8 Son of the Empress. Henry II. 
died at Ghinon in Touraine, July 
6, 1 189. 

2 Muircertach. Given (with 
Murchad for Muircertach and dux 
for toiseach) in the Annals of Boyle 
under the preceding year. 

1 190. * A ship, etc. The portion 


cniticclcc ulcroti. 

Con6ut>ap mac Ccrccnl, mic U|iain, mic rhoip l jv&ealBai > & 
hlli Choncubaifi 7 im TTlupcafc, mac ConeuBaiji, mic 
Oiatwiaca, mic ^01*5 hlli mhaitpaianais 7 im TDuip- 
pup, mac llar;u, hlla Conceanaiim *Oubeappa, mean 
"Diapma-oa, mic "Chai-bg, mopxua epc. ITlop, in|ean 
TToip-rv&ealbais Ui Cho[n]cut>aifi, mopxua efc. c "Oiaf\- 
tnaic d hUa Habatirai^, abb "Oupmaise, quieuic. CClle, 
in^ean Riaca[i]n liUi mailjiuanm-D, mo^cua epc.- 
TTlail-SeaclainT) hUa Weaccam 7 ^illa-be]iai5 hUa 

afai5 DomafibaTjla Tx>ip[i-&ealCac, mac 
Coiicubaiyi, CCniio T)omnn 1190. d 

B56d |<-ciu 1an. 3. p, t 11., CCntio "Domini HI. c. xc. r 
(uel'. 11.") 

(RuaiTfii b hlla Concuflaip T>' pagtjait Choiinacc 7 a T>ul 
hi Cenel-Conaill. b ) 

}Cat 1an. [11 11. * p.,'] U x. ui.,CCnno*Oomini HI. c. occ.ii. 
"Dopup b ppoinncj^i m "Ouibpeiclepa ic a T>enum la 11 [a] 
Cara[i]n na Cp.oi^e 7 la in^m hlli 1nT)eip^i. b 

(T:aicleac c hlla "Ou^-oa, pi hlla-n-CCmalsai-D 7 hlla- 
phiacpac-TTIiiaifn, T>O mapba-o TJO T)d mac a meicc pein- 
CCex> hlla plainn, raipeac Shil-1T)haili-Ruain 
mopcuup epc. c ) 

A.D. 1190 dj t. m., n. t. h., A ; om., B, C. 

A.D. 1191. M added, B ; om., C. The ferial and epact shew that the 
reading is erroneous. b ' b n. t. h., A ; om., B, C. 

A.D. 1192. M blank space, A; .ui. p., B. ^ Given under A.D. 1191' 
yel 2, B ; under A.D. 1191, C. n. t. h., A ; om., B, C. 

within square brackets in supplied 
from the Annabof Loch Ce (ad an.) 
The other entries are found in the 
order here observed, but with vari- 
ations in detail, in the same Annals 
under this year. The first, second, 
third and fifth are given in sub- 
stance in the Annals of Boyle. 

2 Dubtassa. Wife of Cosnamach 
O'Dowda, according to the Annalt 
of Loch Ce. 

S AIU. "Wife, according to the 
same Annals, of the Ua Kadhuibh 
who was drowned, as told in the 
first item of this year. 

4 Cilia- Beraigh. Devotee of [St.] 



Conchubhar, son of Cathal, son of Uran, son of Toirrdeal- [llflti] 
bhadh Ua Conchubair and including Murchadh, son of 
Conchubhar, son of Diarmait, son of Tadhg Ua Mail- 
ruanaigh and including Muirgius Ua Concheanainn, 
son of Uatu. Dubeassa, 2 daughter of Diarmait, son of 
Tadhg [Ua Mailruanaidh], died. Mor, daughter of 
Toirrdhealbach Ua Conchubhair, died. Diarmait Ua 
Rabartaigh, abbot of Dur-magh, rested. Alle, 3 daughter 
of Riacan Ua Mailruanaidh, died. Mail-Seachlainn Ua 
Neachtain and Gilla-Beraigh 4 Ua Sluaigheadhaigh were 
killed by Toirrdhealbach, son of Ruaidhri Ua Conchubair, 
A.D. 1190.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 3rd feria, 2nd of the moon, A.D. E 1191 ] 
1191 (or -2). 

(Ruaidhri 1 Ua Conchubhair left Connacht and went to 
the Cenel-Conaill.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 4th feria, 13th of the moon, A.D. [1192 Bis.] 
1192. The door of the Refectory of the Penitentiary [of 
Daire] was made by Ua Cathain of the Craib and by 
the daughter 1 of Ua Inneirghi. 

(Taichleach 2 Ua Dubhda, king of Ui- Amhalghaidh and 
Ui-Fiacrach of the [river] Muaidh, was killed by the two 
sons of his own son. Aedh 3 Ua Flainn, chief of Sil-Maili- 
Ruain, died.) 

Berach (of Kilbarry, co. Roscom- 
mon, whose feast was Feb. 15). 

1191. l Ruaidhri. Given under 
1 1 90 in the Annals of Boyle. Ac- 
cording to the Four Masters, Kode- 
ric went to Tirconnell, Tyrone, 
the English of Meath and finally 
to Munster, seeking in vain for aid 
to recover Connaught At length, 
he was recalled and had lands 
assigned him by his sept. 

1192. ^Daughter. She was most 
probably the wife of Ua Cathain 

^Taichleach. Under the preced- 
ing year in the Annals of Boyle, 
with omission of " of the Muaidh " 
and " by the two," etc. 

3 Aedh. " Aed Ua Floind mori- 
tur," Annals of Boyle, 1191. 



]Cal Ian. 6*. p.,U oaxun.', CCnno "Domini m. <> 
6ocai-5 b baisill-oo mapbafc T>O hlliB-paepac. TYlael- 
Patpaic Cobrai -DO 6c. b Ccrcal c TTlasaicne TX> ec. 

(T)iapmai7;, <l mac Conbposam hlli "Dbiumapais 
taipeae Chlainne-TTlailipa 7 pi bUa-pbail^e ppi pe 
PODO, moptuup efc. Caral ofiup, mac tries Cappai, 
occipup efT. "Oeppopgaill, ingen fnuticai-obUi ITlbail- 
8beaclamT), mopcua epc imTTlainifDifi "Opocaic-a&x. 
TTluipceapcac, mac TDupcai-o TTlic TDupca^a, pi btla- 
epc. d ) 

]Cal. 1an. [un. a ] p.," l. b u., b CCnno "Oomini TTl. c. ax;. 1111. 
"Oomnair Mia 1 bfiiain (mac d 'Coifip'oeaLCai^,' 1 i-oon," pi 
TTluman') -DO ec- ^aill iaccain ap 1nnp hlla 1 - 
Pnncain 7 a cup ap eigin -01. Cu-TDi-De hlla ptainn -DO 
mapba-b T>O hallai15. c 

(TTlac' mic ConcuBaip, mic "Oomnaitl seapptarhail 
bUi bpiain, TJO balla'D 7 T>O pboiccea-o la 
8luaiTeaf la ^ilbbepi: TTlac 5 i n> ea l,E> ^ 
7 po impo apfein ^an nac tapEu -o'a plua'Daf>. f ) 

]Cal. 1an. [i. a p., a ] U ac. tn., b CCnno "Oomim TTl. c. ax;. u. 
Ocmupcac 1 btla Cara[i]n T>O ec 1 Reiclep pboiL c 
Concobup ITIag phaccna "DO ec i [n-*Dub-?] peiclep 

A.D. 1193. .tni. p., L u., B. These belong to A.D. 1194. The two 
previous epacte, which he gives accurately, prove that the compiler of B 
deviated from his original in antedating by a year. Similar evidence ia 
the retention of the A.D. notation from 1192 to 1195, both inclusive, 
though inconsistent sometimes with the ferial, sometimes with the epact, 
sometimes with both, as given in the (B) MS. b " b Given under A.D. 
1192, B, C. No loco or Jocho is placed as another reading of Gocaro, 
1. m., t. h., A. - c om., B, C. ^ n, t. h., A : om., B, C. 

A.D. 1194. JQ.A. "blank space, A; i. p., B. " U ami., B. The 
ferial and epact of B belong to A.D. 1195. "* Given under A.D. 1193, B, C. 
dd c. m., n. t. b,, A ; om., B, C. itl., n. t. h., A ; om., B, C. n. t. h., 
A; om., B, C. 

A.D. 1195. eac , B. - blank space, A; n. p., B. b joctiii., B- 
The B criteria belong to A.D. 1196. cc Given under A.D. 1194, B, C- 



Kalends of Jan. on 6th feria, 24th of the moon, A.D. [1193] 

1193. Eochaidh O'Baighill was killed by the Ui-Fiach- 
rach [of Ard-sratha]. Mael-Patraic O'Cobhthaigh died. 
Cathal Ma[c] Gaithne died. 

(Diarmait, 1 son of Cubrogam Ua Diumasaigh, chief 
of Clann-Mailighra and king of Ui-Failghe for a 
long time, died. Cathal the Swarthy, son of Mac 
Carrthaigh, was slain. Derfhorgaill, 2 daughter of 
Murchadh Ua Mail-Seachlainn, died in the Monastery 
of Drochait-atha. Muircheartach, son of Murchadh 
Mac Murchadha, king of Ui-Ceinnselaigh, died.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 7th feria, 5th of the moon, A.D. [1194] 

1194. Domnall Ua Briain (son of Toirrdhealbach, that 
is, king of Munster) died. The Foreigners came upon the 
Island of the Ui-Finntain and they were put by force 
therefrom. Cu-Midhe Ua Flainn was killed by the 

(The grandson 1 of Conchubhar, son of Domnall Ua 
Briain the Short-handed, was blinded and emasculated by 
the Foreigners. A hosting by Gillibert Mac Goisdealbh 
to Eas-ruadh and he returned therefrom without any 
advantage from his hosting.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 1st feria, Itith of the moon, A.D. [1195] 

1195. Echmarcach 1 Ua Catha[i]n died in the Regular 
Canons' house of St. Paul [in Ard-Macha]. Conchobur 

1193. l Diarmait, etc. These four 
items are given in this order in the 
Annah of Loch Ce (ad an.). The 
second and third are in the Annals 
of Boyle at 1193. 

2 Derfhorgaill. See 1186, note 5, 

1194. 1 The grandson, etc. These 
two entries are in the Annals of 

Loch Ce. The second is in the 
Annals of Boyle, 1194. 

For grandson the Annals of In- 
nisf alien and Loch Ce have son. He 
is called Muircertach in the Annals 
of Boyle, according to which he 
was blinded by his grand-uncle, 

1195. ^Echmarcach. Horse-rider. 


ccmicclcc ulcroti. 

*Oaipe. d 8acapc c m6p la TX> ec. c TTlac' 1 in Cleipig hth 
Catala[i]n T>O mapbaft.' 1 Sicpiuc" blla ^ailmpe'oais 7>o 
mapbat> TJO TTlac thnnnpleibe. 

(plopic," mac Tliaca[i]n hUi fnailptianai-o, epipcopup 
OlapinTj, in Chpipco quieuic. Sluai^ea-o la h6am T)o- 
Cuipci 7 la mac hU?;o "Oe-Laci DO ^aCail neipc ap 
^ballaiC laigean 7 TTUiman. "Oomnall blla pinn, 
corfiapba Chluana-peapca biaenain-o, quieuii:.*) 

]Cat1an. 11." p., Uxx. uii.,CCnno "Domini TT1. c. o xc. ui. ob 
A 55b Tleiclef c poil 7 pecaip, co n-a remplaiC 7 co m-bloi-o 
moifi T>o'n fiaraifcoo lofcau Sluaja-D la Tluai-oni TTlac 
"Ouiniifleibe, co n-^allaiC 7 co macaiB ^15 Connacc 
oocum Cene[oi]l-eosain 7 CCifinrefi. Tansacuii T>ono 
Cenel-n-Gogain 'Celca-oac 7 Gpnrep co TDacaipe CCin.T>- 
TTlaca, co cuc^ac car 0016 7 cuyi' mebai'b ap, TTlac 
"OuinnfleiBe 7 fiomafibaT> T>ep5 an, a muinncefii ann, 
1-oon, 7>a mac ^15 T>ec T)O ConnaccaiC. TTluincepcac, 
mac TTluifice|icai5 bill Loclamn, pi Cene[oi]l-eosain 7 
B57a piT)omna Openn inle, | i-oon, ruip ^aipci-o 7 epioma 1 
teii Cumn, oipcailiuft ^all 7 caipcel, cepcbail cell 7 
ca^up, "DO mapbai) T>O T)onnca^, mac blopcai"5 bUi 
Cara[i]n, a comaipli Cene[oi]l-eosain uile: iT>on, iap 
cabaipc nacpi 8cpine7 Canoine pacpaic ppif rempall 

A.D. 1195. " om., B, C. e< n. t. h., A ; om., B, C. 

A.D. 1196. 1 egnom (nom. sg.), B. blank space, A. bu^jj. That 
is, the year is made 1195. But the ferial and epact are those of 1196. In 
B they are assigned to 1 195 and 1 1 96. All the entries are given under 
the preceding year (1195), B, C. 

12 Arch-priest. See Adamnan, p. 
365. This obit escaped the notice 
of the learned editor in compiling 
the Chronicon Hyense (ib. p. 409). 

3 Florence. This and the Dom- 
nall obit are given in the Annals 
of Boyle, 1195. The second entry 

is in the Annals of Loch Ce and 
the Four Masters. 

The Annals of Doyle state that 
Florence was third abbot of Boyle 
and equate 1195 of his death with 
the (Eusebian) Mundane year 6394. 

4 Succestor. Comarba. So called 



Mac Fachtna died in the Penitentiary of Daire. The arch- [i 195] 
priest 2 of I[on]a died. The son of the Cleric Ua Cathala[i]n 
was killed. Sitriuc Ua Gailmredhaigh was killed by 
[Maghnus] Mac Duinnsleibhe [Ua Eochadha]. 

(Florence, 3 son of Riacan Ua Mailruanaidb, bishop of 
Oilfinn, rested in Christ. A hosting by John De-Courcy 
and by the son of Ugo De-Lacy to obtain sway over the 
Foreigners of Leinster and Munster. Domnall Ua Finn, 
successor 4 of Cluain-ferta of [St.] Brenann, rested.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 2nd feria, 27th of the moon, A.D. 1196. n 195 Bi^.] 
The house of the Canons Regular of Paul and Peter [in 
Ard-Macha] with its churches and a large portion of the 
Close was burned. A hosting by Ruaidhri Mac 
Duinnsleibhe [Ua Eochadha] with the Foreigners and with 
the sons of the kings of Connacht to Cenel-Eogain and 
the Airthir. Howbeit, the Cenel-Eogain of Telach-oc and 
the Airthir came to the Plain of Ard-Macha and gave 
them battle and defeat was inflicted upon Mac 
Duinnsleibe and stark slaughter of his people took place 
there, namely, twelve sons of the kings of Connacht. 
Muircertach, son of Muircertach Ua Lochlainn, king of 
Cenel-Eogain and royal heir of all Ireland, namely, tower 
of championship and valour of the Half of Conn, dissolver 
of the Foreigners and of castles, upholder of churches and 
dignities, was killed by Bonnchadh, son of Bloscadh Ua 
Catha[i]n, by counsel of all Cenel-Eogain: that is, after 
pledging the three Shrines 1 and the Canon of Patrick 2 to 

in the Annals of Boyle likewise. 
The Annals of Innisfallen have 
abbatis. Whence it may be in- 
ferred that he was abbot and 

1196. ! Three shrines. See at 
733(=734) supra; where commo- 

tacio signifies not enshrining of 
the relics, but their being carried 
about, to ensure payment of 
the offerings prescribed by the 

2 Canon of Patrick. That is, the 
Book of Armagh. 



oeipcepcac CCip7>-TYlaca peirfie pin d 7 puccrfc co T)aipe 
Coluim-cille 7 pohcronaicef) co honopac. TTlac blopcai-o 
hlla Ctnpin *oo apcain "Gepmainn "Oabeo[i]cc 7* pomapbcro 
e pem inn co n-i>ep ^dp a muinntepe pe f f ulbtiT)' cenn 
mif, rfiia mipbuil T)abeo[i]c. e 1pn bli<T&am fin T>ono 
oobpip 2 "Oo mil all, mac "Oiapmcrca TTlec 3 Cappraij;, ccrc 
ap atlaiB TTluman 7 Luimnie in pomafiC a n-*oen.5 ap 
7 m |ioT)icin'|i a Ltn'mniuc 4 icrc lap. fein 7 pobnip -od 
maif>m aite beof. c 

]cal. lan-nn. 11 p.,* L inc., CCnno "Domini TTI. c. xc. un. h 
8Lua^a-D ta h6oan "Oo-Chuipc co n-^allaiB Ula-o co 
h/ Be, co n-i>epnpac caipcel Cilte-8anca[i]n, 
cop'palmaice-D 1 cpica-ceT) Ciannacc 2 T)Oi5. c 1pm 3 caipr:el 4 
pin imoppo pop.o5a-5RoiT:petphiT:un copocpaici 'maitte 
ppip. T'tiinic T>ono Roicpel phicun ap cpeic co popc- 
"Oaipe, co d pocnpc Clua[i]n-i 7 Gnac 7 "Oepc-bpuac. 
Hue imoppo 6 ptairbepcac TTIaetT)opaiT> (iT>on, f pi 
Conaill 7 Oosain') co n-uara-5 -DO Chonall 7 -o'eogan 
poppo, co rucpcrc maiT>m ap 5 cpai na hUarcongbala 

Sfxobiuf, B. 'TTles, B. nee, B. d om., B, C. e -om., C. '-'jiia-- 
before, B- 

A.D. 1197. 1 Co ixopalthoijer), B. a nacca, B. 8 1p anpan it is in 
that, B. 4 cai^-ceol, A. 'pot 1 vpon, B. " blank space, A. b -.ui., 
B. The ferial and epact shew that the year is 1 197. c teo apan caijral 
fin- -by them fmm out that castlf, B ; followed by C. d ocup and, B, C. 
u (contraction for rero, the Latin equivalent), A, B. '- f r. m., t. h., A 
itL, t. h., B ; "King of Kindred-Owen," C. 

3 Southern church. The Annal* of 
Loch Ce say the northern, which 
proves the scribe had no local 
knowledge. Cf. the Book of Ar- 
magh : Et his tribus ordinibus 
[scil. virginibus, poenitentibus et 
legitime matrimoniatis] audire 
verbum predicationis in aeclessia 
aquilonalis plagae conceditur sem- 

per diebus dominicis. In australi 
vero bassilica aepiscopi et presbi- 
teri et anchoritae aeclessiae et 
caeteri relegiossi laudes sapidas 
oflFerunt (fol. 21 a). 

Cum sanctorum reliquiis in 
aeclessia australi, ubi requie- 
scunt corpora sanctorum perigri- 
norum de longue cum Patricio 



him in the southern church 3 of Ard-Macha before that. [1196] 
And he was carried to Daire of Colura-cille and was 
buried honourably. Ua Curin, the son of Bloscadh, 
pillaged the Termon of [St.] Dabeocc and he himself was 
killed therefor, with stark slaughter of his people, before 
the end of a month, through miracle of Dabeocc. In 
that year also, Domnall, son of Diarmait Mac Carthaigh, 
gained a battle over the Foreigners of Munster and 
Limerick, in which a great number of them were killed 
and whereby they were afterwards expelled from Limerick. 
And he inflicted two other defeats likewise. 

Kalends of Jan. on 4th feria, 9th of the moon, A.D. [1197] 
1 197. A hosting by John De-Courcy with the Foreigners 
of Ulidia to Ess-craibhe, 1 so that they built the castle of 
Cell- Santain 2 [and] the cantred of Ciannachta was desolated 
by them. Moreover, in that castle was left Roitsel Fitton 
[and] a force along with him. Then Hoitsel Fitton came 
on a foray to the Port of Daire, so that he pillaged 
Cluain-i and Enach and Derc-bruach. But Flaithbertach 
Ua Maeldoraidh (namely, king of [Cenel-]Cona[i]ll and 
Cenel-Eoga[i]n) overtook them with a small force 
of the [Cenel-]Cona[i]ll and the [Cenel-]Eoga[i]n, 
so that he inflicted defeat upon them on the 
strand of the [N] uathcongbhail [and] they were 

transmarinorum caeterorumque 
iustorum (fol. 21b). 

The place is omitted in the Four 

The translator of C took tabairt 
fris to be tabairt lets and applied it 
to the murdered man : " after 
bringing the 3 shrines and Canons 
of Patrick with him into the south 
church of Armagh." 

1197. J Ess-craibhe. Cataract of 
the branching tree]. On the Bann, 
south of Coleraine (O'D. F. M. 
iii. 107). 

2 CeJl-Santain. Church of (bishop) 
Santan (whose feast was June 10). 
From the interchange of n and I 
arose Cell Santa[i\l of B and " Kill- 
sandle" of C (east of the Bann, 
near Coleraine, O'D., ib.). 

22 > 

ccmiccuc uUroti. 

poppo, co pomapba-5 a n-apann (i7>on, K 'mo mac 

hlli locLainn"), cpe mipbail Coluim-cille -j Cainnic 7 

A55c bpeca[i]n poaipspeeap ann. mac iUa- 1 61-016 T>O 
Chiannacc[aiC] T>O plac alcapa cempoitl moip "Ohaipe 
CoLuim-ciUe 7 -DO bpeit ceipi 6 copn ip pepp T>O boi 1 n- 
6pin7> eipa, ITHMI, im mac-piaCac 7 im mac-folu[i]p 7 im 
cofin hUi mael-oofiai-fe 7 im cam-co|iainT) 7 im copn hUi 
"Oocapcaic. Robfiip 1 ' imop|io 7 call a n -inn mu fa 7 a 
lafa[i>] -oiB. P|ii imopyio ipn cpep loa iaji n-a n- 
na feoi^7 inci pogar:. Ocup pocpoca-5 e 1 (i-oon, 1C 
na fxias 7 ) i 8 n-einec Cotuim-citle, 'f liatcoifiiaofatiaise-B 

B57b ann. Concobup Caa[i]n -DO ec. | pLaicbeprac hlla 
TTlael'Dopai'5, iT>on, pi Conaitl ip Bo^ain if CCipsiatl ip 
copnumaic "Cempac 7 piT>amna epenn uite : iT>on, 
Con all an. loecDacc, Cu-CutamT) h ap gaipce'D, 
an. einec, TTlao J Lu^ac an. ogtacuf, 1 a ec ion. 

-1nfp-8aimep, i k quapc Mom pebpai, k ipn 
bliaoain a plaiufa u 7ifin noma^ 12 btiaf>am 
an. coicaic a aipi. Ocup poatmacc a n-"Ofiuim-cuania 
co honopac. Ocuf gabap Ocmapcac hUa "Oocapcaic 
pip Ceneoit-Conaill po cecoip 7 m paibe ace caicrigip 
i pip, mean cainig liGoan "Oo-Cuipc co pocpaioe moip 

'.1111., A, B. 7 iaect5, A. 8 a, A. 9 a,B. 10 .xxx. mat*, A. u lai 
(pom.), A. " .ix.-ma-o, A, B. I3 .taic, A; .l.etc,B. itl., t.h., A, B. ; 
om., C. h ocur and prefixed, B. ' om., A. J-J om., B, C. k-k in 
quayica pep.m (on the fourth feria), A. The copyist doubtless mistook 
pn (thus given in B)=petr|nai (February) tor feria and omitted n = Mom, 
aa being meaningless. Feb. 2 fell on Sunday, not Wednesday, in 1197. 


3 Cainneeh. St Canice of Kil- 
kenny was likewise patron of 
Ciannachta (barony of Keenaght, 
co. Londonderry), in which he was 

4 Brecon. Ten of the name are 
given in the Homonymous Lists 

(Book of Leinster, p. 366f). The 
Brecan here intended is perhaps 
the patron of Cenn Bairche, near 
the source of the Bann, co. Down. 

3 Goblets. Chalices, as is evident 
from the context. 

6 Jewels. Literally, valuables. 



slaughtered to a large number (namely, around the son of 
Ardgal Ua Lochlamn), through miracle of Colum-cille 
and Cainnech 3 and Brecan 4 [whose churches] they pillaged 
there. Mac Gilla-Eidich of the Ciannachta robbed the 
great altar of the great church of Daire of Columcille and 
took the four [five] best goblets 5 that were in Ireland 
therefrom, including " the gray son " and " the son of 
light " and the goblet of Ua Maeldoraidh and " the 
twisted goblet " and the goblet of Ua Dochartaich. 
Moreover, he broke off and took away from them their 
jewels 6 and their setting. Bat, on the third day after 
their being stolen, the treasures and he who stole them 
were found out. And he was hanged (namely, at the 
Cross of the Executions) in reparation to Colum-cille, 
whose altar was profaned there. Conchobur Ua Catha[i]n 
died. Flaithbertach Ua Maeldoraidh, that is, king of 
[Cenel]-Cona[i]ll and [Cenel]-Eoga[iJn and Airgialla, 
defender of Temluiir and royal heir of all Ireland: namelv, 
f'onall 7 for championship, Cu-Ctilumti s for prowess, 
Guaire 9 for generosity, Mac Lughach 10 for athletics, died 
after choice tribulation in Inis-Saimer, on the 4th of the 
Nones [2nd] of February, in the thirtieth year of his 
lordship and in the ninth and fiftieth year of his age. 
And he was buried honourably in Druim-tuamha. And 
Echmarcach Ua Dochartaich takes the kingship of 
Cenel-Conaill immediately. And he was but a fortnight in 
the kingship, when John De-Courcy came with a large 


The translation of lasa[dh~\ (sett- 
ing) is conjectural. 

7 Conall An Ulster hero who 
lived in the 1st century of the 
Christian era. 

8 Cu-Culainn. Cuculandus, de- 
cantatissimus pugil (Ogygia, p. 

279). Flourished in Ulster in the 
1st century, A.D. 

9 Guaire. See supra, 662(=663). 
His name still lives, denoting a 
generous person. 

10 Mac Lughach. [Only] son of 
Lugha (his mother). Grandson of 

nctiMcctnc ulcroti. 

'maille pfiip rap "Cuaim hi 'Cip-n-eogain. CCf [f]eic co 
hCCpT>-piu<ta 5 ia n V in cimceall co T)aifie Coluim-cille 
co fiabamtfi coic oifcce am>- Imci^ic imojijio co Cnoc- 
Napcain 7>'a n-imaeiift raifiif. 'GegaiT: T>ono Cenel- 
Conaill im 6cmapcac hlla n-T)ocafu;aic' < oia n-mnf 0151-0 -j 
oopacpac ca -001 15, T>U m pomapba > 5 T>a cec 14 -01^,1111 a 
pi|, iT>on, im ecmapcac 1 j im "Oonnca-o hUa 
iT)on, m yn^roifec Ctainni-Snei-Dsile, 1-oon, cumg 
e&numa j comtiifile Ceneoil-Conaill uile 7 im 

hUa n-"0ocapcaic 7 im TTIac 16 "OuCa[i]n 7 im 
7 im macaiC hlli m-baigitl ec abop 
nobitep. Ocuf poaifigfer: Inif-n-Gogain 7 
bopOTna m6[i]fi eifci. Concobap, 1 mac mic 
TTHiui5[i]-Luifi5 7 muigi-CCi, cuifi ofiT>din 7 
enic 7 comaifid Connacc uite, a ec iafi n-ai 
i TTlainifci|i CCca-T)0-laapc. TTIa[c] Cfiai hlla [ph]taic- 
bepcaic, inac pig 'Gifie-Gogain, DO mafiba'5 7 TTlaeL- 
puanaig peficomaif (no n Caifiella[i]n n ), ap-ocoifec 
CLainni-"Oiafimaca, TO mafiba-o 7 T>a maficac maici -o'a 
muinn^fi *oo mafiba'5. 1 

A 55d leal. 1an. u. a p.,*L xx., CCnno "Oommi 171- c. xc. uni. b 
^illa TTlac Liac 1 hUa bpena[i]n 2 TO accufi a cornup.buip 
ua-oa 7 5'l^a-CfxifC hlla Cejuiai afi cosa 3 Loec 7 cleijiec 
Tuaifce[i]^c 6|ienn -DO* oifvoneT) 4 i n-a ma-5 i n-ab-oaine 

(TTlacc bjxiain bh[ieippni5, mic 'Choififi'oeaLbais hlli 
ChoncuBaip, T)0 mafibai) la Coral cafifiac, mac Concubaift 

14 .c.,A,B. "'OoiTV-.A. 16 mo5,A. 17 ervsail(vom.), A. > hUa n-T)ocarv 
cats Ua'J)ochartaigh added, B. om., B, C. - itl., t. h, MS. (A). 

A.D. 1198. 1 Lia (c om.), A, 2 bp. (exemplar probably illegible), A. 
'coja, A. ** |io hoi|\t)neT> teat instituted, A ; -oo atcujx (the infinitive) 
shews that the B-reading is correct. blank space, A. b .un., B. 

Finn Mac Cumaill, and a famous I tia), in the third century of our 
spearsman in the Irish Fiann (Mill- I era. 



force under him past Tuaim into Tir-Eogain. From here to [1197] 
Ard-sratha ; after that, around to Daire of Colum-cille, so 
that they were five nights therein. They go then to Cnoc- 
Naecain, to be carried across it [Lough Swilly]. But the 
Cenel-Conaill, under Echmarcach Ua Dochartaigh, come 
to attack them and gave them battle, where two hundred 
of them [the Irish] were killed, around their king, that is, 
Echmarcach and around Donnchadh Ua Taircert, namely, 
royal chief of Clann-Sneidhghile, to wit, the link of gene- 
rosity and valour and counsel of all Cenel-Conaill and 
around Gilla-Brighti Ua Dochartaigh and around Mac 
Dubha[i]n and Mac Ferghail and the sons of Ua Baighill 
and other nobles. And they [the English] harried Inis- 
Eogain and carried great cattle-spoil therefrom. Concobar, 
grandson of Tadhg [Ua Maelruanaigh], king of Magh- 
Luirg and Magh-Ai, tower of splendour and principality, 
of generosity and protection of all Connacht, died after 
choice penance in the Monastery of Ath-da-laarc. Ma[c] 
Craith Ua [F]laithbertaigh, son of the king of Tir- 
Eogain, was killed and Maelruanaigh Fercomais (or 
O'Cairellain 11 ), arch-chief of Clann-Diarmata, was killed 
and two good horsemen of his people were killed. 

Kalends of Jan. on 5th feria, 20th of the moon, A.D. [1193] 
1198. Gilla Mac Liac Ua Brena^Jn 1 put the succession 
away from him and Gilla-Crist Ua Cernaigh 1 by choice of 
laity and clergy of the North of Ireland was ordained in 
his stead in the abbacy of Colum-cille. 

(The son 2 of Brian of Breifni, son of Toirrdealbach Ua 
Conchubhair, was killed by Cathal Carrach, eon of Con- 
chubar Maenmhaiohe. 

11 0' Cairellain. This is the 
correct reading. The O'Cairellans 
were chiefs of Clann-Diarmada 
(Clondermot, co. Londonderry). 

1198. 1 Ua Brenain ; Ua Cernaigh. 
See Adamnan, pp. 408-9. 

2 The son. Given at this year in 
Annals of Loch Ce and Four Masters. 

230 ocTiNcclcc uloroti. 

Mo 5uma$ ap m ]callaim) po bu'D coip Uuaif>pi blla 
Concobaip T>O Beie. 

U. cccc. m. c ) 

leal. 1an. in.* p.," I. 1., CCnno "Domini TT1. c. xc. ix. ob 
Huaitpi bUa Concobaip (n>on, c mac "CoippftealBais hlli 
Concubaip ), pi 6penn, in penirencia quieuie- Caralan d 
Mia TTlaelpabaill, pi Caippgi-bpacai-oe, -DO mapba-5 7>'0 
"Oepa[i]n 7 T)epa[i]n T>O mapbai) annpem. d Slua^aT) 
la h6oan "Oo-Cuipe i "Cip-n-eogain appuc na ceall : i-oon, 
CCpT>-ppaea 7 Rar-boe DO miUiu^o 7)6, no" co poacc 
B 57c "Oaipe, co pait5e annpin 1 T)a oiTtce pop peccmain | ic 
milliuT) Innpi-beo^ain 7 111 ripe apcena 7 ni pagatt ap 
ppi pe poca, no co' copacc* CCe'D blla Neill, luce coic 
long, co Cill . . .* iltarapnu, 2 co poloipc ni "oo'n baile, 
co pomapb -Dip cepca T>O pcic 3 annpein 4 . CCnnpem 
pobacap 5ill TTlui5e-Line7 T)al-CCpaife, cpi cec, 5 ap a 
cinn, enp iapn" 7 cen 6 iapn 7 ni]i'aipi5eT>up no co 
poDoipcpie 'n-a cenn ic lopca^o m baile. CCnnpem 
cucpac -DebaiT* ap lap m baile, co pomaiT> ap ^allait) 7 
cucpar; coic maT>mannT)a 7 o pein amac poppa no co n- 
T>ecaT)Up 'n-a lonjaiB 7 nip'pcq;aT) h ace coicep 8 T>O 
mumneip bill Neill. lap pm poimri?; Sbeoan, o'ccuala 
pin popcea. Caca-b eeep Conall ip 605011, 1-oon, co 
eucpae Cenel-Conaill pigi "oo 11 [a] 6101115. ttnnpein 
cdmic 8 'n-a coinne co 'Cepmonn-*Oabe6[i]c. Tci[inic 9 l]lla 

The ferial and epact, however, belong to 1 1 98. c - c n. t. h. , A ; om., B, C. 
A.D. 1199. 1 ainnpem, A. 2 ala , A. s .xx.ic, A, B. 4 am> there, B. 
8 .c M A, B. 8 san, B. 7 -man, A. 8 coiciuj\,B. 9 -j;, B. -.ii. p., n. t. h., on 
blank space, A. & .11111., B. But the ferial and epact of B itself shew 
that the year is 1 199, not 1198. c ' c itl. , n. t. h., A ; om., B, C. d - d om., B, 
C. e om., A. M co ti-t>eacaiT) until went, B ; with which C agrees. 
K blank left for name of church, A, B. " Killabarna," C, as if nothing 
was wanting. h nifx'paj;pcrc they left not, B. 

3 Or, etc. This alternative date 
is correct. O'Flaherty (Ogygia, pp. 
441-2) quotes a contemporaneous 
obit which specifies the year by 

Thursday, moon 20 and the day as 

Sunday, Dec. 2, moon 27. These 

criteria accurately designate 1198. 

2 5403. This belongs to the fol- 



Or 3 it may be on this year it were right for [the death 
of] Ruaidhri Ua Conchobair to be. 

[A.M.] 5403. 2 ) 

Kalends of Jan. on 6th feria, 1st of the moon, A.D. 
1199. Euaidhri Ua Concobair (that is, son of Toirrdheal- 
bhach Ua Ccnchubair), king of Ireland, rested in penance. 1 
Cathalan Ua Maelfhabaill, king of Carraic-Brachaidhe, 
was killed by O'Derain and O'Derain was killed at the 
same time. A hosting by John De-Courcy into Tir- 
Eogain throughout the churches : namely, Ard-sratha and 
Rath-both were destroyed by him, until he reached Daire, 
so that he was there two nights over a week, destroyinglnis- 
Eogain and the country besides. And he would not have 
gone therefrom for a long time, had not {lit. until] Aedh Ua 
Neill, [with] a force of five ships, reached Cell [ruadh ? 2 ] in 
Latharna, so that he burned a part of the town and killed 
twenty, wantingtwo, therein. Then the Foreigners ofMagh- 
Line and Dal-Araidhe were, three hundred [strong], both in 
mail 3 and without mail, 3 in front of him and they [the 
Irish] noticed not, until [the Foreigners] poured against 
them, burning the town. Thereupon they gave battle in 
the centre of the town and it went against the Foreigners. 
And [the Irish] gave five defeats to them thenceforward, 
until they went into their ships and only five of the people 
of Ua Neill were lost. Thereafter John went away, when 
he heard that. Great war between [Cenel-]Cona[i]ll and 
[Cenel-]Eoga[i]n, so that Cenel-Conaill gave the king- 
ship to Ua Eicnigh. Then he came to meet them to the 
Termonn of [St.] Dabeoc. Ua Neill with the Men of 

lowing year. It is based upon the 
same Reckoning as that inserted at 
432 and elsewhere ; namely, the 
Mundane Period = 4 204 years. 

1199. 1 Rested m penance, 
According to the obit in O 'Flaherty, 
he died in the monastery of Cong, 

where he had spent the last thirteen 
years of his life and was buried at 
Clonmacnoise. See O'Donoyan, 
F, M. iii. 112-3. 

2 Ceilt-ruadk ?]. The bracketted 
part is suggested by O'Donovan. 

3 Mail. Literally, iron. 



232 (TMNOCtOC UlCTOtl. 

Neill co pepaiB TT)aii-1ra T>O raipmefc^h-a coinne, co 
paca cac apaile -oiC 7 co pomebai-5 ap hlla n-6icni 7 
co pdpsaio' bpaici. CCppi-be, ipn loo cecna, CCeii htla 
Neill 7 Cenel-6o?;ain, co poaipgper Cenel-Conaill 
imtTlacaipe TTlai5i-h1ca 7 co cucpac bopoma n- 
oiaipmi'oe 10 teo. Ocup if T>o'n cpeichi pn T>O 
Niall hUa *OuiBDifiTriaa|ifcen1ilea > 5. 1afipn, d 
la htXef) hUa Neitl 7 la Cenel-n -60501 n co TTlacaipe 
TTlui5i-1ra -DO rabaipc cara T>O Cenel-Conaill, no co 
Cenel-Conaill in longpopc 7 co n-7>en.npaT; 

annpein. d 

(8iT>' 7>o -Denarii DO Chcrcal ChpoiC-oeapg hlla Choncu- 
baip pe Coral Cappac, mac Concubaip TTIaenmaise 7 a 
cabaipc biprip 7 pepann -DO cabaipu -DO.') 

A66a }CaL 1an. un. m p.," U x. n., b CCnno "Oommi TT1. OC cc. c 
TTlael-1pru d TTl(jc ^ille-epain, aipcinnec Cille-moipe 
hUa-Ni[a]lla[i]n 7 .apbup comapba pacpaic, m pace 
quieuit:. d "Doponpcrc ^aill Ula-o* cpi cjieca 1 "Cip-n- 
6050111 7 m t:pep cpec DOponpaT:, -Dosabpac longpopc ic 
T)omiiac-mop ITlui^i-lmclaip. "Oocuipper cpec mop 
imac. "Cdinig CCef) bUa Kleill 1 n-aipcip no cpeice, co po 
compuc DO 7 no ^aill 7 co pomtn-o ap ^allaiC 7 co 

B57d capaic ap n-Tiaipmif>e poppo 7 poelcroup 'p an I ai'&ce 3 
co n-DecaDUp 1 cap 'Cuaim. 8anccup TDaupinup 2 Uo 
baeca[i]n i n-b1 Coluim-cille m pace qtneuic. Cpec 
la Ruaif>pi TTlac "OumnpleiCe, co ni -DO ^allaiB TTli-oe, 
co poaipspec TTlaini|^;ip'pboil 7 phecaip, 3 co nap'pa^pac 
mnm ace aen boin. RaDub d TTlac Rae-oig, coipec 
Cene[oi]l-0en5upa, T>O mapba-5 -DO ^hallaiC ap cpeic i 

A.D. 1199. 10 -airurie, B. u n. t. h., A ; om., B, C. 

A.D. 1200. i ti-T>eacaT>ufx, B. 2 lTlurucitip, A. 3 peDuiin, B. M n. t.h., 
on blank space, A. b jn., B. This, unless perhaps a scribal error, is an 
unaccountable reading ; xi. not being an epact. c-c m. xc. ix., B. Erro- 
neously. d - <J om., B, C. an bticroain fin that year added, B ; followed 


H^~frjjJW) r 

Magh-Itha came against him, to prevent bins, so that each 
of them saw the other. And Ua Eicnigh was defeated 
and left pledges. From here Aedh Fa Neill and the Cenel- ' 
Eogain [went] on the same day, until they harried Cenel- 
Conaill around the Plain of Magh-Itha and took countless 
cattle-spoil away with them. And it is on that foray 
Niall Ua Duibhdirma was killed on a surprise party. 
After that, a hosting [was made] by Aedh Ua Xeill and by 
the Cenel-Eogain to the Plain of Magh-Itha, to give battle 
to the Cenel- Conaill, so that the Cenel-Cqnaill abandoned 
the camp and they made a kind of peace then. 

(Peace 4 was made between Cathal Red-Hand Ua Con- 
chubair with Cathal Carrach, son of Conchubar Maen- 
maighe and [Cathal] was brought into the country and 
land given to him.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 7th feria, 12th of the moon, A.D. [1200Bi8.] 
1200. Mael-Isu, son of Gilla-Erain, herenagh of Cell-mor 
of Ui-Niallain and .successor designate of Patrick, rested 
in peace. The Foreigners of Ulidia made three forays 
into Tir-Eogain and the third foray they made, they made 
a camp at Domnach-mor of Magh-Imclair. They sent a 
large foray [party] abroad. Aedh Ua Neill came to 
rescue the prey, until himself and the Foreigners met and 
defeat was inflicted upon the Foreigners and countless 
slaughter was put upon them and they stole away in the 
night, until they went past Tuaim. The saintly Maurice 
Ua Baetain 1 rested in peace in I[ona] of Colum-cille. A 
foray by Ruaidhri Mac Duinnsleibhe [Ua Eochadha] 
with some of the Foreigners of Meath, so that they 
pillaged the Monastery of Paul and Peter [in Armagh] 
until they left not therein but one cow. Radub Mac 
Raedig. chief of Cenel-Oenghusa, was killed by the 

4 Peace. This item is found in I 1200. 1 Ua Baetain. " Baetan, 
the Annals of Boyle (ad an.). \ Baithan, Buadan, Baetog, Baedog, 



ccNiicclcc ulccoti. 

n-CCenafica-Chein. d Hollanc,' mac Uecjiais, fii gall- 
gaiiiel, m pace quieuic.' 

("Oonncaft' Uaineac, mac Ruaifcni liUi Choncutlain, 
oo mapbcr5 laip na 8axait5 fkroufi hilLuimmuc.*) 

(IT cccau.' [=0].^). m. cc. 1.]) 

]Cal. 1an. n. b p., b Uxx. 111., CCnno "Domini m. c cc. i. 
Txuai%ii TTlac TDumnpleio'e, p.i lllai) 7 cainnel ^aifci-5 
na h-6n.enn uile, 7>o -DO ghaltaiC, nxm, qua 
mifibintiC poil 7 peraip. 1 7 pa^iiaic 2 jiopafiaij. 
Tomatcac hlla Conchobaip, coniapba parfiaic 7 a^T)- 
pfiimaic 3 Gfierm uile T>O ecna[i] 7 T)O cfiabcro, m pace 
quietnc. 1nnaftba[T>] Cacail cpoiB-oe[i]fi5hlJi Concobui^ 
7 fiisa'b Carail cafipai^ 1 n-a ma^ (Mo d coma^ afi in 
]CalainT> p cuaf nc mnafiba[i)] Carail cpoibT)e[i]p5. d ). 
loa^ la hCCe-o hlla lleill 1 poi]iirin Cacail cfioib- 
'oeDlp-B c pe|iai'DJTIui5i-1i1ra 7 co n-CCin.5iallai!5 co 
n-angarran. co 'Cec-Oaicm ^1^15, co pof v oifecuii ann, co 
ranga-Dun. co h6f-T>a|ia 7 co nuc oyipa Coral caiapac co 
niairiC Connacc 7 Uilliam Oufic co n-^allaiB Luimnig 
imaille pfiip 7 co yioitiui'5 a\i 'Chuaipceni; n-6fienn 7 co 
pap-'gba-o aii7> hUa hGicni^, aifiT)fii CCifigiall ec aln 
mulm. 8lo|a^la 8heoan -oo-Chuipcco n-5allait5 llla-o 
7 mac Ugo T>e-Laci co n-^allaiB inrbe i poifiicin Carail 

A.D. J200. "om., C. n. t.h., A ; om. ? B, C. 

A.D. 1201. ^ecroaijx, B. *-p.ai5, B. * aifir>p|\impaiT), B. "n. t. h., 
A ; om., B, C, D. !>- b n. t. h., on blank space, A ; cm., B, C, D. e om.^ 
B; that is, the year in B (followed by C, D) is 1200, erroneously, as the 
epact shews. d-d 1. m., t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 

Buadog are all varieties of the 
game name, and Baetog prefixed by 
da [=do, thy~\, the title of endear- 
ment, makes Cluain-da-Bhaotog, 
now Clondavaddog, the name of a 
parish in Fanad, in the north of 
Donegal." Adamran, p. 409. 

For the Cross of St. Buadon of 
Clonca (Cluain-catha, Inishowen 
co. Donegal), seeProc. RI.A. Ser. 
iii. VoL II., p. 109. 

* Roland. King of Galloway. 
For some of his doings, see Benedict 



Foreigners on a foray in Aenarca-Cein. Roland,' 2 son [1200] 
of Uchtrach, king of the Foreign-Irish, rested in peace. 

(Donnchadh 3 of Uaithne, son of Ruaidhri Ua Conchu- 
hhair, was killed by the Saxons that were in Limerick.) 

([A.M.] 5405 [A.D. 1201].) 

Kalends of Jan. on 2nd feria, 24th of the moon, A.D. 
1201. Ruaidhri Mac Duinnsleibhe [Ua Eochada], king 
of Ulidia and candle of championship of all Ireland, was 
killed by the Foreigners, to wit, through the miracles of 
Paul and Peter and Patrick whom he dishonoured. 1 
Tomaltach Ua Conchobair, successor of Patrick and arch- 
primate of all Ireland for wisdom and piety, rested in 
peace. Expulsion of Cathal Red-hand Ua Conchobuir 
and coronation of Cathal Carrach in his stead (Or perhaps 
it is in this [preceding] year above the expulsion of Cathal 
Red-hand comes.). A hosting by Aedh Ua Neill in aid 
of Cathal Red-hand with the Men of Magh-Itha and with 
the Airghialla, until they came to Tech-Baithin of Airtech. 
They turned there until they came to Es-dara and CatLal 
Carrach with the nobles of Connacht and William [de] Burgh 
with the Foreigners of Limerick along with him overtook 
them. And the North of Ireland was defeated and Ua 
Eicnigh, arch-king of Airgialla and many others were 
lost. A hosting by John De Courcy with the Foreigners 
and the son of Ugo De Lacy with the Foreigners of Meath 
in aid of Cathal Red-hand, until they reached Cell-mic- 


of Peterborough, i. 33948, ii. 8 
(Rolls' ed.). 

3 Of Uaithn*. " So called from 
having been fostered in the terri- 
tory of Uaithne, now Owneybeg, a 
barony in the north-east of the co. 
Limerick." (Note to Annals of 
Loch Ce, i. 208.) 

The entry is given at 1200 in the 
Annals of Loch Ce ; at 1199 and 
1200 in the Four Masters. 

1201. ^Dishonoured. See the act 
of profanation under the last pre- 
ceding year. 



ccwicclcc uloroti. 

cfioibDe[i]n, co ficmscroufi Citl mic n-"0uoc. CCnnrein 
cdini'5 Coral co Connaccaib* imcnlle pjiip 7 co 
fiocuipfec ccrc 7 co fiomuiD an. ^hatlaiC UlaD 7 TTliDe. 
1 bail in.n.aba*Dun. 4 na coic 5 cara, ni cainigaf ace T>a car 
A 66b -01 15. OCeD hUa Neill -DO 0x71150-5 la Cenel-n -60501 n | 7 
fii5OD Coneobuifi TTIe^ Laclainn DOID* 7 co cp.eic 
B 58a hi 'Cifi-n-en[n]ai, 6 co cue bti | T)iai]aTni-De 7 co jiomafib 
name. CCnnpein rdini's Gicnecan hUa "Oomnaill co 
longaip Ceniml-Conaill 7 co ti-a flo aji cifi, co 
lonspop.t: ic ^aec-m-cai [1115111. 1afi fin 
Clann-TMayunaca co popc-fioif T>O'II le[i]c 
aile -DO gabail pfii^ni lom^if. 1a|i fin ]u>leiccea onfia 
na c|ii longa Dec lan[a] DO flua^, co jiomaiD aji Clainn- 
la^i pn ^011115 TTIac Laclainn (iDon,* Con- 
beacc') 1 n-a foijiicni, co jiosonaD a ec 7 co 
DO'II efcaji fin la Cenel-Conaill 1 n-einec 
Coluim-cille 7 a comapVa 7 a fcfiuie iwbomiaDais. 
Ocuf' qaiafan ini]\bail cecna* fomapB Concobu]i 
TTlupcaD hUaCinca[i]n, pi hlla-pacpac. 

(Concutiap* na glaifpeme hit Huainc DO boDUD.') 

\CaL 1an. 111.* f..,* L 1111., CCnno "Domini 1T). cc. n. ob 
Niall hUa plainn 1 DO mapbaD DO ^ a ^ a1 ^ Ulcr5 c 1 
meCaiL tTlasnuf, mac "Oiapmara hlli Laclainn, TX> 

4 i\ia ,A. 8 .u. (the Latin equivalent used as a contraction), A. 8 -n-6na, A. 
*- ill., n. t. h.. A; om., B, C, D. 'if AM added, B. The sentence is 
omitted in D. * fin that added, B 

A.D. 1202. J plain-o, B. u. t. h., on blank space, A. >-.i. , B : 
that is, 1201 ; which is also the year in C, D. <= om., B, C, D. 1 meGail is 
om. in C, D. 

* The place, etc. Descendentes 
ad helium f uerunt numero 15 mill i a 
annatorum, ex quibus 8 millia in 
eodem bello perierunt, D. This is, 
no doubt, an exaggeration. 

3 Dishonoured. D adds : Et 
nihilominus ipse O'Donill cum su is 

persecutus est fugam inter Dermi- 
tios et Eoganenses, quos sitnul 
oppressit et tandem rediit com 
magna preda et victoria. 

4 Conchubhar. Given in the An- 
nals of Loch Ce, ad an. 

*Na Glaisfheine.Of the green 



Duach. Then came Cathal Carrach with the Connachtmen 
along with him and they engaged in battle and the 
Foreigners of Ulidia and Meath were defeated. The 
place 2 wherein were the five battalions, there came not 
therefrom but two battalions of them. Aedh Ua Neill was 
deposed by the Cenel-Eogain and the coronation of Con- 
chobar Mac Lachlainn [was effected] by them. And he 
made a foray into Tir-Ennai, so that he took away cows 
innumerable and killed people. Then came Eicnechan 
TJa Domnaill with the fleet of Cenel-Conaill and with 
their host on land, so that they formed a camp at Gaeth- 
in-cairrgin. Thereafter came the Clann-Diarmata to 
Port-rois on the other side, to act against the fleet. 
After that, there were sent against them the thirteen 
ships full of the host, so that [the battle] went against the 
Clann-Diarmata. Thereupon Mac Lachlainn (namely, 
Conchubhur the Little) came to their aid, until his horse 
was wounded and he fell of that fall by the Cenel-Conaill, 
in reparation of [St.] Colum-cille and of his successor and 
of his Shrine that he dishonoured. 3 And through the 
same miracle Conchobur killed Murchadh Ua Crichain, 
king of Ui-Fiachrach. 

(Conchubhar 4 na Glaisfheine 5 U[a] Ruairc was 
drowned. 6 ) 


Kalends of Jan. on 3rd feria, 4th of the moon, A.D. [1202] 
1202. Niall Ua Flainn was killed by the Foreigners of 
Ulidia in treachery. Maghnus, son of Diarrnait Ua 

militia : " so called from the colour 
of their armour or of their 
standards " (Pursuit of Diarmuid 
and Graine, ed. S. H. O Grady, 
Trans. Ossian. Soc. Hi. 89). 

6 Drowned. In the Erne, near 
Belleek, flying from a battle gained 
over Ualgarg O'Rourke and himself 
by O'Donnell. (F. M. A.D. 1200 and 
O'D.'s note &.) 



-DO tnuipcepcac hl1a d NeilU ITIuipceprac hlla 
lleill -00110 T>O mapbai) ann. 

(In* c-eapcub liUa TTleUai^ qineuic. lohannep, ppep- 
bicep CapT>inalip -oe TTlonce Cetio ec legacup 
CCpoiTX>lic[a]e Seinp, m hibepmam uenic. Seniro 
cleipeac Gipenn, icip ^hallaiC 7 ^hoeiftealait), 1 n-CC 
clia imon Cap7>mail cecna pin. Senu-B Chonnacc, mp 
laecaiB 7 cLeipciB, hie CCc-luain hi an-o caeicif>if imon 
Cajvoincnt cecna. 'Coipp'oeutbac, mac Ruai'oni, mic 
Thoipfi-oeatbai-5 hlli ConcuEaifi, T>O gabait ta Coral 
qioitfoeps, la pi Conn ace. Ocuf if iac pOfsaBpae e ' 
i-oon, "Oonnca^ hlla T)ubT)a, pi hUa-n-CCmalsai-o 7 
Concut5ap goc hUa tiGa-iSpa, pi Lui^ne Connacc 7 
"Oiapmai-D, mac Ruai-opi hlli ConcoBaip, n>on, mac a 
aap peui 7 "Diapmai-o, mac TTla^nufa, iT>on, mac 
oepbpacap a arap." Cacal' cappac, mac ConcuCaip 
TTlhaenmuise, mic "Coipp^eltSais moip, pi Con-oacc, -00 
mapba^ m blia^ain pi.') 

jCaL 1an. 1111.' -p.," 1. ac, ., CCnno "Domini TT1. cc. 111. b 
TTlael-Coluini c hlla bpona[i]n, aipcinnec T^opai-oe, m 
pace quietus. T)omnall Cappac hlla "Oocapcaig, pi 
"Chipe-Conaill, T>O mapbaT T>O TTlhuinncep-bai^iU 1 ap n- 
ap^am cell 2 n-mrba 7 cuain. TTlael-pinnen TTlac 
Colma[i]n, ap-openoip rogai-oe, 3 m pace quieuic. 
*Oomnall hlla bpolca[i]n, ppioip [1a, d ] uapalpenoip 

d Repeated, doubtless by oversight, B. Partly on text space, partly on 
margin, n. t. h., A : om., B, C, D. ff r. m., n. t. h., A ; om., fi, C, D. 

A.D. 1203. ^mgill, B. s ceall, B. J coj;aiT>i, A. **n. t. h. on 
blank space, A. t-.n. (1202), B ; followed by C, D. <om., B, C, D. 
The order of the entries in B, C, D is : mael-pirmen T)omnatt Cajxyxac 
"OomnaU, hUa bfiolcan. d blank left for name of Community, A, B. 
Not supplied in C, D. For tbe reading 1rt, see Adamnan, p. 409, n. o. 

1202. l At the tame time.'Et 
propterea eodem instanti ipse 
Maoricius similiter interemptus 

*Ua Mellaigh. Conn O'Mel- 

laigh, bisbop of Annagbdown, co. 
Galway, according to tbe Four 

All tbe added entries are given in 
the Annalt of Loch Ce at this year. 



Lachlainn, was killed by Muircertach Ua Neill. Muir- [1202] 
certaeh Ua Neill, however, was killed at the same time. 1 

(The bishop Ua Mellaigh 2 rested. John, 3 Cardinal 
Priest of Monte Celio and Legate of the Apostolic See, 
came into Ireland. A Synod of the clergy of Ireland, 
both Foreigners and Gaidhil, [assembled] at Ath-cliath 
under that same Cardinal. A Synod of Connacht, both 
laics and clerics, [assembled] at Ath-luain at the end of a 
fortnight under the same Cardinal. Toirrdhealbach, son 
of Ruaidhri, son of Toirrdhealbach Ua Conchubhair, was 
taken prisoner by Cathal Red-hand, [namely] by the king 
of Connacht. And it is these captured him, nameh r , 
Donnchadh Ua Dubda, king of Ui-Amhalgaidh and Con- 
chubhar Ua Eadhra the Stammerer, king of the Luighni 
of Connacht and Diarmaid, son of Ruaidhri Ua Conchob- 
hair, to wit, the son of his own father, and Diarmaid, son 
of Maghnus, that is, the son of the brother of his father. 
Cathal Carrach, 4 son of Conchubhar Maenmuighe, son of 
Toirrdelbach Mor, -king of Connacht, was killed in this 

Kalends of Jan. on 4th feria, 15th of the moon, A.L>. [1203] 
1203. Mael-Coluim Ua Bronain, herenagh of Toraidhe. 
rested in peace. Domnall Carrach Ua Dochartaigh. king 
of Tir-Conaill 1 was killed by Muinnter-Baighill after 
pillaging many churches and territories. Mael-Finne 
Mac Colinain, arch-senior select, rested in peace. Dorn- 
nall Ua Brolchain prior [of Joua], eminent senior select for. 

3 John. On August 15 of this 
year, King John renewed (by 
Letters) an appeal before the Le- 
gate against the bishops of Clogher, 
Clonmacnoise, Kells and Ardagh, 
the archdeacon of Armagh and 
others, who had shown a manifest 
desire to work against the king's 
right respecting the then vacant 

church of Armagh (Calendar of 
Documents relating to Ireland, vol. I. 
No. 168). 

4 Carrach. Scabidus, D : cor- 
rectly. For different accounts of 
his death, see Annals of Loch te 
1202 /'. M. ; 1201. 

1203. *King of Tir-Connaill. 
Regius professor Ardmoighair ! D. 


cnniccUt ulcroti. 

a seimiut 7 
pepann *ou 
impi-Di na n- 

ap' ceill, ap cpur,* ap c -Deilb, ap Durcup," ap 
mine, ap mop^acc, ap miDcaipe," ap 1 cpabaD, ap 
ecna[i], f popr magnam rpibulanonem* ec opnmam 
pemrennam 5 in qtnnro jCalenDap TTlaii, mgpeptpjup* 
epr mam umueppae capnif.' 

(ConcuEap h puaD, mac "Oomnaill hlla bpiain, DO 
mapo'aD I'a Deapflparaip pem, iDon, la TTluipceaprac, 
mac n-*0homnaill, mic "ChoippDealbuiD hlli 

mac RuaiDpi hUi ConcuCaip, D'< 
DO Denum -DO Choral cpoifrDeaps^pTf 7 
DO. 'GoippDealCac "o'lnnapbaff*] TJO 
7 fi^ *oo "oenum pip po ceroip rpe 
, 1-oon, TTlailpep 7 Uarep. h ) 

leal. 1an. u." p., m Lxx. ui., CCnno "Domini TTl. cc. 1111. c 

A56c 'Ooipe 1 DO lofca-5 | o ra pelic 2 THapr[a]in 3 co ribpair 
B58b CCDlomnafijii. "Oiapmair, mac TTluipceprai^ hlli Loc- 
lamn, 4 co n i DO ^hallaiD" DO riacram ap cpeic 1 
Gogain, co poaip^fer m Scpm Coluim-cille, co 
oppa Dpem DO Cemul-eogain, co pemaiD pop ^allai^, co 
pomapbaD *0iapmair rpia mipbailiB na Scpine. Slo^aD 
la mac Uga De-Laci co ni DO ^h^Unf) na TTliDe 1 n- 
Ullraio', co poDicuipeDUp Sheoan DO-Chuipr 5 a hUllrait5. 
TT1ainipnp d DO Denum DO Celluc . . . ' ap lap cpoi 

A.D. 1203. 4 aonetn, B. * penetenaam, B. .u.cap, A;, B. 
*a]\ cyxuf, a|\ ceiU, B; followed by C, D. M an, eacna, an, an/o- 

qaabar) for wisdom, for exalted piety, B (C, D). * om., B ; nicam 

pnmic, C, D. h h n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1204. '"Doin.i, A. 2 n,eibc, A. *TTlain,cin, A. 4 Laclamn, B. 
6 Chun,r, with no "Do Cuijvc or (the name is not Do Churt, but) Do Cuirt 
itl., t. h., B M n. t. h. on blank space, A. b .ix., t. h. ; .ui. added, 

n. t h., A. e (1203), B, C, D. " om., B, C, D. blank=space for 

about 8 letters left in MS. (A). The missing words, there can be little 

doubt, are abbot) 1a abbot oflona. 

In the Annals of Loch Ce (1202) he 
is called king of Ard-Midhair 
(Ardmire, co. Donegal), which 

shews that the translator of D 
consulted other authorities. 
3 April 27. It fell on Sun- 



intelligence, for form, for appearance, for disposition, for 
gentleness, for magnanimity, for benevolence, for piety ; 
for wisdom, entered the way of all flesh, after great 
suffering and most excellent penance, on the 5th of the 
Kalends of May [April 27 2 ]. 

(Conchubhar 3 the Red, son of Domnall Ua Briain, was 
killed by his own brother, namely, by Muircertach, son of 
Domnall, son of Toirrdhealbudh Ua Briain. Toirrdheal- 
bach, son of Ruaidhri Ua Conchubhair, escaped from his 
captivity and peace was made by Cathal Red-hand with 
him and land was given to him. Toirrdhealbach was 
expelled by Cathal Red-hand and peace was made with 
him immediately through intercession of the Foreigners, 
namely, Meyler 4 and Walter 5 [De Lacy].) 

Kalends of Jan. on 5th feria, 26th of the moon, A.D. MO/H-O- i 

7 ' _ [1204 JDIS.J 

1204. Doire was burned from the Cemetery of [St.] Martin 
to the Well of [St.] Adomhnan. Diarmait, son of Muir- 
certach Ua Lochlainn, with a force of Foreigners came on 
a foray into Tir-Eogain, so that they plundered the Shrine 
of [St.] Colum-cille, until a party of the Cenel-Eogain over- 
took them [and] defeat was inflicted upon the Foreigners 
[and] Diarmait was killed through miracles of the Shrine. 
A hosting by [Ugo] the son of Ugo De Lacy with a 
force of Foreigners of Meath into Ulidia, so that they 
expelled John De Courcy out of Ulidia. A monastery 1 
was built by Cellach, [abbot of lona] in the centre of the 

day in the present year. This 
goes to prove that the Annals of 
Loch Ce (followed by the F. M.) 
err in assigning the obit to 1 202 ; 
in which the 27th fell on Saturday, 
a day of no particular note. For 
Ua Brolchain, see Adamnan, p. 409, 
note o. 
3 Conchubhar, etc. The additions 

are given (the last entry with 
greater detail) in the Annals of 
Loch Ce (ad an.). 

4 Meyler. Meyler Fitz Henry 
(illegitimate son of King Henry I.), 
Justiciary of Ireland. 

8 Walter. Son of HughDe Lacy. 

1204. * Monastery. See Adam- 
nan, p. 412. 



1a $an nac olisei), cap. papti^u-fc mtnnncepi 1a, co pomill 
in baile co mop. Slo^afc oono la cleipao' Gpenn, 1*0011, 
la plopfnc hlla Cepballa[i]n, la eppuc ^ipe-heogain 7 
la TTlael-1pu hlla n-*0opi5, nxm, eppuc "Cip-e-Conaill 7 
la aba-o p.eiclepa poil 7 pecaip 1 n-CCpT>-TTIaca 7 la 
hCCmalsaifc hlla pepgail, ab<n> peiclepa "Ooipe 7 la 
hCCinmifxe hlla CoB^aig 7 focai^i TTIOJI T>O muinncep 
"Doifie 7 focaix>i mop T>O cleipab' m Tuaifce[i]pc, co 
c m TTlainifcep T)O peip-Dlipf* na hecailfi. 1n 
iei^ipaici fin -DO at5ail abDame 1acpe 

7 5 ai ^ e ^- d 

eaprac' "CeacCac, mac Concuttaifi TTlaenmui|e, 

mic Ruai'&pi hlli ConcuCaip, T>O mapba-o T>o"OhiapmuiT>, 
mac Ruai^pi 7 T>O CCet, mac RuaiT>pi, i^onj'od "DeaplSpa- 
cai|i a acap -pein. TTlai-Dm pia n-*0homnall, mac 
TTlhecc Cappcaig 7 pian-"OeapniuimneacaiC pop ^allu'^* 
ubi ceciT>epunr; centum fexaginca uipi, uel ampbup.') 

]Cal. 1an- un.' p.,' U 1111., CCnno T)ommi TT1. cc. u. ob 
Sicpiuc hlla Spuicein, 1 aipcmnec na CongBala, i*oon, c 
cenn hUa-T71upcele 7 coipec Clainm-SneiT>5ile ap. 
cocucc, pope opcimam pemcenciam pelicicep pniuiu 
(uicam d ) ec pepulcup epu m cemplo quoi) paccum e\t 
apUT) ippum. c TTlael-bpisre* hlla he^apatijn T>O uosa[T>] 
i comupbup bpenainn T>O lap "Oaipe Coluim-cille." 
h6oan T)o-Chuipc, innpe'oac ceall Openn 7 ruar, -DO 
mnapba[-&] T>O mac Uga -oe-Laci i 'Cip-n-Gogain' ap 
comuipce Ceniuil-eogam. 

A.D. 1204. '' n. t, h., A ; om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1205. i Sfuiicen, B. *n. t. h. on blank space, A. b -.iin. (1204), 
B (C, D) ; erroneously. -om., B,D; which have cpiieuic after Congbala. 
" Died," C. d itL, n. t. h., MS. (A). om., B, C, D. ' -n-^ogam om., 
probably from oversight, A. 

"Muircertach. This and the fol- 
lowing entry are given in Annalt 
of Loch Ce (ad an.). 

1205. 1 By himself. Apud ipium 
in the original, a literal Latin 
rendering of the Irish laisfein. 



encolsure of lona, without any right, in dishonour of the [1204] 
Community of lona, so that he wrecked the place greatly. 
A hosting, however, was made by the clergy of Ireland, 
namely, by Florence Ua Cerballain, bishop of Tir-Eogain 
and by Mael-Isu Ua Dorig, that is. bishop of Tir-Conaill 
and by the Abbot of the Monastery of Paul and Peter in 
Ard-Macha and by Amalgaidh Ua Fergail, abbot of the 
Monastery of Doire and by Ainmire Ua Cobhthaigh and 
a large number of the Community of Doire and a large 
number of the clergy of the North, so that they razed the 
monastery, according to the law of the Church. That 
Amalgaidh aforesaid took the abbacy of lona by selection 
of Foreigners and Gaidhil. 

(Muircertach 2 of Tethbha, son of Conchubhar Maenm- 
huighe, son of Ruaidhri Ua Conchubhair, was killed by 
Diarmuid, son of Ruaighri and by Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, 
that is, two brothers of his own father. Defeat [was 
inflicted] by Domnall, son of Mac Carthaigh and by the 
Desmonians upon the Foreigners, where fell one hundred, 
and sixty men, or more.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 7th feria, 7th of the moon, A.D. [1205] 
1205. Sitriuc Ua Sruithein, herenagh of the Congbhail, 
namely, head of Ui-Murthele and chief of Clann-Sneidhgile 
for ability, after most excellent penance felicitously 
finished (his life) and was buried in the church that was 
built by himself. 1 Mael-Brighte Ua Erarain was chosen 
into the succession of [St.] Brenann 2 from 3 the Community 
of Doire of Colum-cille. John De Courcy, destroyer of 
the churches and territories of Ireland, was expelled by 
[Ugo] the son of Ugo De Lacy into Tir-Eogain, to the 
protection 4 of Cenel-Eogain. 

2 Succession of [S<.] Brenann. 
That is, very probably, was made 
bishop of Clonfert. 

3 From. Literally, from the centre-. 
meaning that he had no previous 

connexion with the see over which 
he was placed. 

4 To the protection. The passage 
is thus translated in D : In eorum 
protectione receperunt per nomcu 


ctwiccur uuroft. 

}Cal. 1an. i.* p, a L X.UIIL, CCnno"Oomini TT1. cc. tn. 01 
TTlanur hUa Caa[i]n, mac nig Ciannacc 1 7 pen-na- 
CnaiBe, cuifi saifcifc 7 beo&acca m uaifce[i]nc, TJO 
ruicim le sum foi^oi. 8oefit>fiecac hlla "OoipeiT), 
aificmnec "Domnai^-moin, in pace quieuic. pacfiaic c 
hlla 2 1Tlo5na[i]n quieuic in pace. 

A56d ]Cat. 1an. n. a -p., Lxx. ix., CCnno"Oomini uii. b 
"Oomnalt" hlla TT1 tune-Dai!, an-openleisinn "Oaine 
Cotuim-citle, pofc magnam 1 rnibulcrcionem [uiram] 
pebcireji pmuir. Octif fiouosa'D ITIinpceficac 
TTlillu5a[i]n (no' 1 , TTIaeta5a[i]n d ) 'n-a ina^. c TTlael- 
pecaiti hlla Calma[i]n, comafiba 2 Camnig, cuip cpaba-5 
7 etnig "Chuairce[i]nTj Onenn, m pace qineuic. lie 

hlla Calma[i]n 'n-a cilt, 
Olc 'n-a 0501^ ni aifimim : 
faniuf> 3 *o 'an focc fin, 
gan cfiaba-o 'n-a cafnai. 

A.D. 1206. ^mnnacca, B. 2 0, A. " blank space, A. b..u. (1205), 
B (C, D); erroneously. cc om., C, D. 

A.D. 1207. l magnum, MS. (A). J comuixba, A. 8 |>ama-6, B. n. t. h. 
on blank space, A. b -.ui. (1206), B (C, D) ; erroneously. <" c om., B,C, 
D. The ptairjbejxcac entry is also omitted in D. d -* itl., t. h., MS. (A). 
om., A. 

Cumarky ! Gomuirce is rendered 
tafe-conduct in C. 

1206. 1 Fell, etc. Percussus sa- 
gitta cccidit mortuus, D. 

1207. l Cainnech. Laygnii in D. 
On the margin, another hand 
placed : In alio manuscripts 
Cainech ; q. Achad. (" The other 
MS." is probably C, which has 
Caynech.) The query refers to St. 
Canice's foundation of Ached-bo 
(plain of cows), i.e., Aghaboe, 
Queen's county. But the context 
shews that a church in the north 

of Ireland ia intended. This was 
Droniachose, in the native place of 
St. Canice, barony of Keenaght, 
co. Londonderry. See 'Donovan 
f. M., iii. 149 ; Adamnan, p. 121. 

2 Lots. The C-version of this 
entry may be quoted in full, as 
typical of the translator's non-ac- 
quaintance with the old language. 
The omission of the third quatrain, 
tarns in the second and " giveth " 
(dobeir, a reading which, it has to 
be noted, is erroneous) in the fourth 
hnr that the B-text was his 



Kalends of Jan. on 1st feria, 18th of the moon. A.D. 

1206. Maghnus Ua Cathain, son of the king of Cian- 
nachta and Fir-na-craibhe, tower of championship and 
courage of the North, fell 1 by the wound of an arrow. 
Soerbhrethach Ua Doireidh, herenagh of Domnach-mor, 
rested in peace. Patrick Ua Moghrain rested in peace. 

Kalends of Jan. on 2nd feria, 29th of the moon, A.D. 

1207. Domhnall Ua Muiredaigh, chief lector of Daire 
of Colum-cille, after great suffering felicitously finished 
his life. And Muircertach O'Millugain (or O'Maelagain) 
was chosen in his stead. Mael-Petair Ua Calmain, 
successor of [St.] Cainnech, 1 tower of piety and hospitality 
of the North of Ireland, rested in peace. As the poet 
said : 

Loss 2 [is] Ua Calmain in his cHurch, 
Evil in comparison therewith I reckon not ; 
There 3 is a community silent [with grief] thereat, 
That to-nigh fc there is no piety in bis abbey. 3 



original. The egregious mistake 
of easpadh, los., for espoe, bishop, is 
specially significant. (In the MS. 
the lines and verses are written 

"Mael-Peter O'Calman, coarh of 
Caynech, a man full of liberality 
and goodnes of all the North [of 
Ireland], in pace quievit. tit poeta 
dixit : 

ectppcroh, etc. : in English : 
Bishop O'Colman in his church, 
To which I compare noe other evill ; 
There is a sanctuary which that hurteth, 
That this night there is noe prayer in 
his citty. 

[txifieif , etc. :] signifying : 
After Cainegh of chast body 
Untill he arise over his alter, 

[Third line is not translated.] 
None shall tye cap on him so good. 

Though noe man under heaven 
Saved bis church from demons, 
Who is bee sanctified 
That might but O'Colman ? 

Co[tti]afibct, etc. : thus : 
The coarb of Cainegh of churches, 
A want to all in common, 
Giveth lamentacion to all thepoore, 
His death is a great evill." 

The author of D merely gives 
the substance of the first quatrain 
(in which he shews he understood 
the meaning of easpadh) : De quo 
dictum fuit, quod eo defficiente, 
relligio def uit in eius ciuitate. 

3 - 3 There abbey. Literally, 

There is a community to which silence 

[is] that, 
[Namely] to-night without piety in his 


246 ccwicclcc uloroti. 

CCpeip 4 Cammg m cuipp oi 
No co p'eipi& ua f alcoip, 
Ni c all oanuppaca 6 m plaic, 
Nf piafc cdba -pa comair. 

RoW> c pai ppibinn 
ID aic pocongba'D 
Roppecait5 rapt>a 1 n-^ac can, 
Rob" eacnai'D am pa, uapaU" 

en 6 co paepa-o nee po mm 
1n 7 ouCn.eiclep an, T>erfinait5, 
^ia naemcap, | cen 8 locc ap, 

, , 

p, | cen 8 locc ap, lap, 
copp bill Calma[i]n. 

Comapba 2 Cainni^ na cell, 
1p T)ic -DO cac 1 coircenn, 
Ip bpon 7>o 506 bocc ^oBip, 
1p mop in c-olc a eapbai-5. 
h. C. 

mop ap ^aimt) 7 ap mnili15 ipin blia^ain fi. 
[phjlairbepcach hUa [phjlaicbepcaig, ppioip T)inne- 
^eimin, m pace quieuic. illa-pacpaic c hUapalaccaij; > 
aipcmnec "Oum-Cpuicne, mopcu[u]p epc- TTIuipcepcac 
hlla [pb]laicbepr:ai5 mopcu[u]p epc. c Cpec mebla la 
Cenel-Conaill 1 n-Uib-phapanna[i]n 10 7 i Clainn- 
"Oiapmaca, co po|abpac bu 7 co pomapbpar -ooine. 
Rucpac oppa Clann-T)iapmaca 7hUi- [pb]aipenna[i]n n 
7 hlli- 12 ^ailmpeDai^, c pomapba^ dp / oiaipmi'6e 7 co 
pobafoe-o pocai'oe T)it5. Sloga-o la hll^a 1)6-1001 co n- 
^allaiC TThT)e 7 Laigen 1 'Coluc-n-ooc, co poloipccea 
cealla 7 apbanna. Ocup m pucpac ^eill na eiT>ipe 
CCe-oa hlli Weill T>o'n cup pin. Sloga-D la hllga oe-taci 

B. B jxicca, B. "gin, A. 7 an, B. 'gen, B. '-oobeiji, B. 
10 ea|x- (p om.), A. " CCip.tnncm, B. Ua, B. 

4 Within it -- Literally, on the \ Drowned. D says the leader 
centre. \ was Ua Domnaill and adds : tamen 


After Cainnech of the body pure [1207] 

Until arose [Ua Calmain] above an altar, 

It is not known whether [one as good as Ua 

CaTmain] saw the [heavenly] kingdom, 
There went not [monk's] mantle upon one as good. 

He was a master scribe of beautiful execution, 
Well used he keep the fair Rule, 
He gave useful responses OIL every occasion. 
He was a sage, distinguished, eminent. 

Although no one under heaven could save 

His penitentiary from demons, 

Though he were sanctified without defect within it, 4 

[Yet] the body of Ua Calmain would save it. 

The successor of Cainnech of the churches, 
It is injury to every one in general, 
It is grief to every wretched person, 
It is a great evil, his loss. 

Loss [is] Ua Calmain, etc. 

Great destruction on people and cattle in this year. 
[F]laithbertach Ua [F]laithbertaigh, prior of Dun- 
Geimhin, rested in peace. Gilla-Patraic Ua Falachtaigh, 
herenagh of Dun-Cruithne, died. Muircertach Ua 

[F]laithbertaigh died. A treacherous foray by the Cenel- P l1 
Conaill into Ui-Fhearannain and into Clann-Diarmata, ^ 
so that they seized cows and killed people. The Clann- 
Diarmata and the Ui-[Fh]airennain and the Ui-Gailm- 
redhaigh overtook them, so that a countless number of 
them were slain and a multitude were drowned. 5 A 
hosting by Hugo De Lacy with the Foreigners of Meath 
and of Leinster into Telach-oc, so that churches and crops 
were burned. And they took not the pledges or hostages 
of Aedh Ua Neill on that occasion. A hosting by Hugo 

Conallii cum magna difficultate I runt. Both particulars are found 
predam in suam patriam adduxe- I in the account given in the F. M. 



i Ciannacc[aib], co poloipc cetta Ciannacc mle 7 co 
po&at) bu co oiaipmi'&e. Comapba parpaic 7>o -out co 
rec pi Saxan T>O pocup cealL epenn 7 "DO capcnc all 

]cal. 1an. 111." p., m L x., b CCnno "Domini TT1. cc. tnii. oe 
Cpec la hGisnecan hUa n-"0omnaill i pepaib-TTIanac, 
bu 7 co pucpac pip-TTIanac poppa, co 
hlla 2 "Oomnaill, pi T^hifie-Conaill, ann, con- 
dp. TMaipiniTie -DO maiciB Ceniuit 3 -ConaiLl mailLe 

A 57a ]Cat. 1an. u-' p.,* 1. axe. i., b CCnno "Oormni TT1. cc. ix. ' 
Cpecfluosa-fe la hCCe-b hlJa Neill 1 n-lnif-n-Gogain 7 
puc T)omnaill paip, co rucfac car in pamapba-o dp 
Diaipnu-oe -oame popgac lee, 1 bail pom apba-p "Oomnall, 
mac TTlupca'ba, -DO Cbenel-So^ain. pepgalimoppohlla 
baijill / a Cacbapp liUa "Domnaill 11 7 Copmac hlla 
"Oomnaill 7 *Oabn> liUa "Docuprai^ co pocai-oe DO 
maiciB Ceneoil-Conaill imaille piu. 2 COT cucpar; 

B 58d meic | Ragnaill, mic Somupbg, pop pepaio" 8cia^, 
DU m pamapba-5 a* n-dp. e 

A.D. 1208. 'gun', A. 3 0, A. 'Cenel, A * n. t. h. on blank 
space, A. b .xx., B. c (1207), B (C, D) ; erroneously. 

A.D. 1209. 'teat, A. J maillo (aphaeresis of 1), B. *n. t. h, on 
blank space, A. b .x., B. But, to be consistent, it should be .! c -.uni. 
(1208) B (C, D) ; erroneously. d ' d om., B, C, D. -d[v T)iai|iihe slaughter 
innumerable, B. 

6 Succeuor of [St.] Patrick The 
archbishop of Armagh. This was 
Echdonn (latinized Eugenius)Mac 
GiUe-uidhir. On May 4, 1203, 
King John granted the see of 
Armagh and primacy of Ireland 
(cf. A.D. 1202, note 3, mpra) to 
Humphrey of Tikehull. On the 
22nd of the same month, he notified 

the suffragans and subjects of the 
archdiocese that Eugene, " called 
the elect of Armagh," had, against 
the king's consent and after the 
king's appeal to the Pope, gone to 
Rome to secure his promotion and 
commanded them, if he should re- 
turn, not to receive him as arch- 
bishop. Humphrey having died, 



De Lacy into Ciannachta, so tliat he burned the churches 
of all Ciannachta and seized cows to a countless number. 
The successor of [St.] Patrick 6 went to the court of the king 
)C of the Saxons to succour the churches of Ireland and to 
accuse the Foreigners of Ireland. 

Kalends of Jan. on 3rd feria, 10th of the moon, A.D. 1208. 
A foray by Eignecan Ua Domnaill into Fir-Manach, so 
that they seized cows and the Fir-Manach overtook them, 
so that Ua Domnaill, king of Tir-Conaill, was killed there, 
with slaughter innumerable of the nobles of Cenel-Conaill 
along with him. 1 

Kalends of Jan. on 5th feria, 21st of the moon, A.D. 
1209. A foray-hosting by Aedh Ua Neill into Inis- 
Eogain and Ua Domnaill overtook him, so that they gave 
battle, wherein were killed a countless number of persons 
on each side. Here was killed Domnall Mac Murchadha 
of the Cenel-Eogain ; also Ferghal Ua Baighill and 
Cathbarr Ua Domnaill and Cormac Ua Domnaill and 
David Ua Dochurtaigh, with a multitude of the nobles of 
Cenel-Conaill along with them. A battle was fought by 
the sons of Raghnall, son of Somurlech, against the Men of 
, wherein slaughter was inflicted upon them .* 


the king (Feb. 10, 1204) approved 
of Ralph, archdeacon of Meath, 
and commanded the clergy and 
laity to consider him elected and 
obey him (Doc. Ire., 177, 178, 200). 
These letters were disregarded : 
perhaps, never reached their desti- 
nation. Echdonn was confirmed 
by Innocent III. and obtained 
peaceable possession of the See. We 
next find the king availinglof his 
services. On July 19 of the pre- 
sent year, he informs the custo- 
dians of the See of Exeter that he 

sends Eugene, archbishop of Ar- 
magh and primate of Ireland, to 
execute the episcopal office in that 
diocese and commands them to find 
him suitable maintenance with six 
horses (iibi sup., 331). 

The visit here mentioned may 
have been one of the reasons that 
influenced John to go to Ireland 
three years later. 

1208. 1 Hlm.D adds: Et eius 
loco films succedit in regimine. 

1209. 1 T/iem.D adds: Eodem 
anno O'Donill fecit exercitum ad- 




(Pingin/ mac "Oiafima-oa, mic Cojimtnc TTlhes 
cai, pi "Oeafmulan, mceppemif epc a ftiij\ 
liUa Huaipc T/aitfiisai) 7 CC]ic, mac "Oomnaill, mic 
ptieapsail htJi Ruaipc, T>O tn^a-5 1 n-a mcr5. f CCnno' 
millefimo -oucencefimoque nono (nonono, MS.), CCtax- 
anT>efi, "Ooctop fieuejieiroup atque TTIa^ifcep, "Doccpi- 
nale fuum TjeTjic cunc lesen-oum. 8 ) 

]CaL 1an. ui. m p,* 1. ., b CCrmo *0ommi TT1. cc. x. oc 
gilla-CfttfC hUa Cepnai, comayiba ConT>epe, in bona 
pemrenaa quieinc. Ri Saxan -oo raiT>ecc 1 n-Gfimn co 
longaip T)iai|imiT>e, i*oon,' pecc 1 cec 1 long.* 

(CCpc f mac "Oomnailt, mic pefiait hUi Ruaific, pi 
Ofieipie, -DO mapba'5 cpe meaBail la Copmac, mac CCipr; 
TTlhait-Sheactainn. Cede hUa *OuBai5, eppcop 
, 1-oon, comopba 
, MS.] 

A.D. 1209. " n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. rs t. m., n. t h., A ; om. 
B,C, D. 

A.D. 1210. ll txc., MS. (A). M n. t. h., on blank space, A. *> To be 
in keepingwith preceding year, theepact of B should be rxi. c -.iac. (1209), 
B (C, D) ; in error. d In B, C, D, this item follows the Ri -Saxon entry. 
~om., B, C, D. " n. t. h., A ; on^., B, C, D. 

versus Hugonem O'Nellium et 
Eogananses et, capta preda magna 
et obsidibus.pax perpetua stabilita 
fuit inter O'Nellum et O'DoniU, 
cum promissis de adiutorio hinc 
indo preetando aduersus quos- 
cunque eorum aduerearios, aiue 
f nissent Angli, siue Hiberni. 

This entry is given in the F. 3f. 
at 1208. 

8 Finghin, etc. This and the 
Ualgharc entry are in the Annals of 
Loch Ce, 1209. 

3 Alexander. Alexander de Villa 
Dei, or de Villedieu, a Franciscan 

of Dole. Professor of Latin in 
Paris, where his chief work, the 
Doctrinale Puerontm, a versified 
Latin Grammar, was composed in 
1209. It held the foremost place 
as text-book for more than two 
centuries. The authors of the His- 
toire litteraire de la France (Tome 
xvi., p. 188-9. Paris, 1824) allow 
it no merit. 

The Biblical Leonine verses 
attributed to him and which de- 
serve the censure given by the 
Benedictines (loe. eit.) are spurious, 
according to some. See Joecher: 




(Finghin, 2 son of Diarmaid, son of Cormac Mac Car- 
thaigh, king of Desmond, was slain by his own [people], 
Ualgharc Ua Ruairc was dethroned and Art, son of 
Domnall, son of Fearghal Ua Ruairc, was made king in 
his stead. In the year [of our Lord] one thousand two 
hundred and nine, Alexander, 3 reverend Doctor [of Theo- 
logy] and Master [of Arts], then [first] delivered his 
Doctrinal to be read.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 6th feria, 2nd of the moon, A.D. 
1210. Gilla-Crist Ua Cernaigh, bishop 1 of Cpnderi. 
rested in good penance. The king 2 of the Saxons [John] 
came into Ireland with a fleet hard to count, namely, seven 
hundred ships. 

(Art, 3 son of Domnall, son of Ferghal Ua Ruairc, king 
of Breifni, was killed through treachery by Cormac, son 
of Art Ua Mail-Seachlainn. Ceile Ua Dubhthaigh, bishop 
of Magh-Eo of the Saxons, rested in Christ. Flaithbertach 
Ua Flainn, namely,- successor of [St.] Dachonna 4 of Eas- 
mic-Eirc, died.) 


Allgemeines Gelehrten Lexicon, p. 
260 (Leipzig, 1750). 

1210. 1 BisJiop Literally, suc- 
cessor (of the founder, Mac-Cnisse ; 
[only] son of [his mother] Cness : 
L. L. 369 f, 372 b). 

2 The king, etc. For the itinerary 
of John, from " Crook near Water- 
ford " [June 20] to " The mead near 
Dublin " [Aug. 24th], see Doc. Ire. 

3 Art, etc. These three items 
make up all the entries given in 
the Annals of Loch Ce under this 

4 Dachonna. O'Donovan (F. M. 
iii., p. 162) and Reeves (Adamnan, 
p. 281) fell into an unaccountable 

error in making Dachonna the eon 
of Ere. According to the Genealogies 
of Saints (L. L., p. 348b) and the 
Nemsenchas (versified Genealogies : 
L. Be. [Book of Ballymote], p. 230a 
11. 40, 41), Dachonna and Lugaid 
and bishop Cormac were sons of 
Echaid, son of Illand, son of 
Eogan [a quo Cenel-Eogain] (son, 
L. L., loc, cit., adds, of Niall of the 
Nine Hostages). 

The son of Ere, from whom the 
Cataract (Ess : at present, Assylyn, 
on the Boyle, about a mile west of 
the town) took its ancient name, 
was probably Echaid, the last of the 
Firbolgic kings, who was slain in the 
battle of Magh Tuired, near Cong. 



ecu u alec ulcroti. 

1an. uii.'p.'t,, b CCnnoT)OTnini TO." cc. ^ 00 !. 00 
-DO rai-fcecc co CaeUnpp, co potmoil CCefc hUa 
Ueill Conailt 7 6050111 7 Oipjiallu, 1 co pomapbai) leip. 
(^oippTteaUjae/ 1 mac ftuaiT>pi bUi Choncutknp, *oo 
oemim cpeice i mas-Imps, 511 pug leif ipin Se^aif hi 
ooctim T)iapmoT)a, a bpatap7 -DO lean CCoT>, mac Carail, 
be 511 n--5eacaiT> if "Cuai^p^c ap ceicea'o 
bfiaij-De ChonnaCc'DO roi^ecci n-6]iinn, iT>on, 
mac ConcuBaifi, Conu6afi bU 6a|fia 7 irm bUa 
Cafimacan 7 ToibeafiD, mac ^all-^aoi-DiL CCipeaccac 
1Tlac "OonncaiT> [occif U] % efc]. d ) 

1an. 1. p., I. xx. 1111., CCrmo"Oomirn TT1. cc. x. 11-" 
bUa Laiena[i]n, comafiba Comgaill, *oo ec 7 
TTlac Co]imaic T>O oi^'one'D 1 n-a inau Caifrel 
-DO ^ballait) (7 b -DO'II ^aillepfcop b ) 
T>O xienum T>oi!5 d 1 "CM^-n -6050111. (Ocuy vC 
p|\-1Tlbanac dp mop oppa ann- c ) CCe^ blla 
Weill, fii Conaill 7 Oogain 7 CCiyi^iall, T>O bpei^ oppa 8 7 
mai-om -pop. ^ballinB, T>U m pomapbaT* dp oiaipmi'De 
7>iB. Txmiap, mac Ucrpai^, co macaiC Ra^naill, mic 
Somapbf, *DO raifiecc T>O "Obaipe Coluim-cille co pe s 
lon^ait) feccmo^aT) 4 7 m baile T>O milbui) T>oiB co mop 
7 Imp-Go^am co buibt>i DO milliui) T>oib 7 T>O Cbemul 5 - 

A.D. 1211. ! CCip-^iallu, A. M n. t. h. on blank space, A. b .iui., B. 
The scribe mistook . for . --.x. (1210), B (C, D) ; erroneously. 
" n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1212. J ai^cro, B. * po|i|\a, B. s ui., A, B. *>, A, B. B 
neol, A. M . 1.0.1 (1211), B (C, D). The ferial and epact (which are 
Driven in B ako) show that the year is 1212. b " b itl., n. t. h., A ; om., B, 
C, D. d om., B. 

1211. J Toirrdhealbath, etc. 
These entries (with the variant 
Mac D'jinnchathaigh in the third) 
are given in the Annals of Loch Ce 
(ad an.). 

2 The pledyet. They were carried 
by King John the preceding year 
to England, according to the An- 
nalt of Loch Ce. 

* Forci<jn-Gaidhel.-S(* Vol. I., 


Kalends of Jan. on 7th feria, 13th of the moon, A.D. [1211] 

1211. The Foreigners came to Narrow- Water, until 
Aedh TJa Neill assembled [Cenel-] Con aill and [Cenel-] 
Eogain and the Airghialla, so that they [the Foreigners] 
were killed by him. 

(Toirrdhealbach, 1 son of Ruaidhri TJa Conchubhair, 
made a foray into Magh-Luirg, until he brought the 
spoil with him into the Seghas to Diarmod, his kinsman. 
And Aodh, son of Cathal, followed him, until [Toirrdheal- 
bach] went into the North, fleeing before him. The 
hostages 2 of Connacht came [back] to Ireland: namely, 
Diarmaid, son of Conchubhar [Mac Diarmata], Conchubhar 
TJa Eaghra and Finn TJa Carmacan and Toibeard, son 
of a Foreign-Gaidhel. 3 Aireachtach Mac Donnchaidh 
[was slain].) 

Kalends of Jan. en 1st feria, 24th of the moon, A.D. [1212 Bis.] 

1212. Sitriuc TJa Laighenain, successor of [St.] Comgall 
[of Bangor], died and Oengus Mac Cormaic was instituted 
in his stead. The castle of Cluain-Eois was built by the 
Foreigners (and by the Foreign bishop 1 ) and a foray- 
hosting was made by them into Tir-Eogain (And the Fir- 
Manach inflicted great slaughter upon them there.) 
Aedh TJa Neill, king of [Cenel- ]Conaill and of [Cenel-] 
Eogain and of the Airghialla overtook them and defeat 
[was inflicted] upon the Foreigners, wherein were killed 
a countless number of them. Thomas, son of TJchtrach 
with the sons of Raghnall, son of Somarle, came to 
Daire of [St.] Colum-cille with six and seventy ships and 
the town was greatly destroyed by them and Inis-Eogain 
was completely destroyed by them and by the Cenel- 

p. 365, n. 10. The Annals of Loch 
Ce state he was one of the stewards 
of 0' Conor. 

1212. l Foreign bishop. John de 
Gray, bishop of Norwich; justiciary 
of Ireland, 1210-13. 


ecNMOtcc uUcoti. 

A 57b 

(aioieaT>* le CormaccaiB cpe ro^aipm in haillepp- 
coib 7 illibep7; ITlic ^boipDealo" 511 bBap-puaii), 511 n- 
oeapna-o cat fieri Cbailuipge leo.') 

jcat 1an. 111." p.,' U u., CCnno *0omini m. cc. x- ob ui. ob 
T)oncaT> TTlac 1 Cana, 1 toipec Ceneoil-CCen^upa, TX) <c. 
Cpec -DO -06110111 -DO $hilla piaclac bUa baigill 7 TX> 
otieim T)o Cenuit-Conaill ap. Ceniut-n-eogam 7 pica; ap 
emec Ceneoit-Conaill uile 7 hUi 'Caipce[i]pi: s co pon- 
pa-oac. | Rue imoppo bUa "Caipce[i]pt; poppa 7 pepaic c 
oebaiT) ppiu. TTIapbrap imoppo m Q\,\.a piaBac hUa 
"Caipce[i]pc, iT>on, pi^coipec CLainm-Snei'Dsile 7 Cla- 

m-pin^n, i copnurn a 611115. *0puim-cain co n-a rein- 
pall T)O lopca-5 -DO Ceniul-Gogam ^an cear; *DO* hUa 3 
Meill. epal hlla Caca[i]n, pi Ciannacc 7 pep-na- 
Cpait5e,-oo mapbati -DO ^hallaiB. "Oomnall hUa* "Oainiin 
'oomapbaicoomacaib' Tlleg Laclainn 1 5 n-T>opup peiclepa 
T)aipe Colin m-ci lie. 

(Caiplen d Chluana-6oip -DO IOT^U-D. ^illibepc TTIac 
CoipDealB TX> mapba'5 1 Caiplen-an-cail 7 in caiplen 
TX) lopga^ pop ann. "Donnca-5 bUa b 61 -5m T>O -oalla-D 
le bCCet>, mac Corcail cpoiBT)ep5. Tnaif>m Cbaille-na- 
cpann -DO caTJaipc T>O Copmac, mac CCipc bill TTlbail- 
Sbeaclamn, ap 

. 1111'., p.'.t x.ui., CCnno *0omini m. cc. x. ob nii. ob 
"Oonn bUa 1 bpeiplen T>O mapBa-o -D'a^aipiucc -p^n 1 

A.D. 1212. n. t. h., A; om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1213. "TDacana, A. 2 T;ifxc , B. > - l -D6[=-oo 6], A. 0,A. 
8 a, B. **n. t h., on blank space, A. ^.x. n. (1212), B (C, D) ; erro- 
neously. c-c pep.aiT> -Deabanj pO|i|XU An attack it delivered upon them, B. 
d-<> n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1214. 'O,A. B. "n. th., on blank space, A. "x. in. (1213), 
B (C, D); erroneously. 

1 A hosting. Given in the Annals 
oj Loch Ce (ad an.) 

1213. J Protection. Here and 
lower down, comuirce is rightly 



(A hosting 2 by the Connachtmen, through summons of 
the Foreign bishop and of Qillibert Mac Coisdealbh, to 
Eas-ruadh, so that the castle of Narrow- Water was made 
by them.) 


Kalends of Jan. on 3rd feria, 5th of the moon, A.D. L1213] 
1213. Donnchadh Mac Cana, chief of Cenel-Oenghusa, 
died. A foray was made by Gilla Fiachlach Ua Baighill 
and by a party of the Cenel-Conaill upon the Cenel- 
Eogain, who were all under the protection 1 of the Cenel- *^4 
Conaill and of Ua Tairchert in particular. Howbeit, , * 
Fa Taircheirt overtook them and [his force] gave battle //> 
to them. However, the Gilla Biabhach Ua Taircheirt, 
namely, royal chief of Clann-Sneidhghille and Clann- 
Finghin, is killed in defence of [those under] his protec- 
tion. Druim-cain with its church was burned by the 
Cenel-Eogain without permission from [the king] Ua 
Neill. Ferghal Ua Cathain, king of Ciannachta and Fir- 
na-craibhe, was killed by the Foreigners. Domnall Ua 
Daimin was killed by the sons of Mac Lachlainn at the 
door of the Monastery of Daire of [St.] Colum-cille. 

(The castle 2 of Cluain-Eois was burned. Gillibert Mac 
Coisdealbh was killed in the castle of the Narrow [-Water] 
and the castle was also burned at the time. Donnchadh 
Ua Eidhin was blinded by Aedh, son of Cathal Red-Hand 
[Ua Conchubair]. The defeat of the Wood of the [High] 
Trees was given by Cormac, son of Art Ua Mail-Seach- 
lainn, to the Foreigners.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 4th feria, 16th of the moon, A.D. 
1214. Donn Ua Breislen was killed by his own council 


rendered patrocinium by the trans- 
lator of D. 
2 The castle. These four items 

are found in the Annals of Loch Ce 
(ad. an.). The castle, they state, 
was destroyed by O'Neill. 



meo'ail. 2 Tx)map,mactlcT;n.ai57Huai%ii, mac Ra^nailt, 
oo an^ain "Oaijii 50 huili7>i 7 -DO bneic fee TTluinncene 
"Dai pe 7_T3uairce[<]nT; Gujmncfncena potuja eempaill in 
neiclefalmac. hlla 1 Caa[ijn, 7 pn-na-Cnaio'e -DO riae- 
ram co "Oaine TJO abait caiji 'mo macaiC 111 es lac- 
lainn, co 3 pomafibfcrc 3 cetloin. mop peiclepa "Oaifie 
ercona. "Oonona "Oia 7 Coluim-cille cna mifibail moip 
ann^ein : 1-oon, m pep cinoiL 7 cocapcail, iT>on, TTlac- 
Samam TDa^ CCicne, 4 -DO mapba-5 i n-emec Coluim- 
citLe pocetx)ifi i n-T)oiauf in Dubpeicle^-aColuim-ciLLe. 
CCinmipe hUa CoBcaij, ab fieicLefa "Oaipe, uapaLcleipec 
rogai'oe an. cn-abcfo, an. "ourcuf, an. mme, aji mop p 5acc ) 
an. mr&ccnfie, an. mop-oepc, ap ecna[i], ap gac maic[i]np 
apcena, c popr; opamam penicennam mj;pef[v]up epc 
tiiam unniepf [a]e canrnp i n-T)ubfieicLef Colinm-cilte. 
Capret Cula-fiarain T>O -oenum te d Domaf, mac Uccnais 
7 le 5^-LiC llta-5. Ocup pofcaiLe'D peiLce 7 clacana 7 V 
cunroaici in bade tnle, cenmora m cempall amain, 
cuicevein." Hi CClban -DO ec, iT>on, Uilliam sapm. CCe-o 
btla 5 Meilt -DO rabaipc ma^ma \ ap ^hallaiC 7 T)en.5dp, 
^all T>O cun. aim 7 m Cainlongponi; T>O loi^caT) ipn Loa 
cecna, eicip, "oaine 7 inni'Le. 

(^illa'-na-naern liUa HuOTan, epifcopnp Luigne, in 

Chniyro qineuic. Opij^opup Cluana-mac-lloip, 

A.D. 1214. : nieaba>l, B. "sufim ,A. 4 -aicne, B. 5 O.A, om. ? 
with exception of ctfi ecna ; for wisdom , which is placed after cojai'oe, 
13 ; all -jni; C ', " Aynnire Coffay, abbas Dtrensis, mortuus et," D (in 
which it is the last item). d yie, with dot underneath and I overhead, 
t. h., A, a clear proof that the exemplar contained the correct form. 
* cum in caircel rvnJor that castlf, B. C follows A ; D, B. *-'n. t. h., 

1214. l Manciple. Literally, 
great Cellarer (great being redun- 

The original celluir is the equi- 
valent of the Latin cellarius, whose 
duties are thus defined in the Rule 
of St. Isidore : Iste prebebit heb- 

domadariis qnidquid necessarium 
est victui monachorum, hospitum, 
infinnoruni. . Is etiam quidquid 
residuum fuerit pro pauperum 
usibus reservabit. . . Ad hunc 
quoque pertinent horrea, greges 
ovium et pecorum, lana, linum, 



in treachery. Thomas, son of Uchtrach and Ruaidhri, son 
of Raghnall, plundered Daire completely and took the 
..treasures of the Community of Daire and of the North of 
Ireland besides from out the midst of the church of the 
Monastery. Ua Cathain and the Men of Craibh came to 
Daire to seize a house against the sons of Mac Lachlainn, 
so that between them they killed the great manciple 1 of 
the Monastery of Daire. But God and [St.] Colum-cille 
wrought a great miracle therein : the man that assembled 
and mustered [the force], namel\ r , Mathgamain Mag 
Aithne, was killed in reparation to Colum-cille immediately, 
at the door of the Penitentiary of Colum-cille. Ainmire 
Ua Cobhthaigh, abbot of the Monastery of Daire, eminent 
cleric select for piety, for disposition, for meekness, for 
magnanimity, for benevolence, for great charity, for every 
goodness besides, after most excellent penance entered 
the way of all flesh in the Penitentiary of Colum-cille. 
The castle of Cuil-rathain was built by Thomas, son of 
Uchtrach and "by theForeigners of Ulidia. And all the 
cemeteries and fences and buildings of the town, save the 
church alone, were pulled down for that. The King of 
Scotland died, namely, William 2 Garm. Aedh Ua Neill 
gave a defeat to the Foreigners and stark slaughter of the 
Foreigners was inflicted therein and Carrlongport was 
burned, both people and effects, on the same day. 

(Gilla-na-naemh 3 Ua Ruadhan, bishop of Luighni 
[Achonry], rested in Christ. The Bishop of Cluain-mac- 


aviaria sollicitudo ; cibaria ad 
ministrandum pistoribus, jumen- 
tis, bobus et avibus ; industria 
quoque calciamentorum, oura pas- 
torum et piscatorum (Concordia 
Regularum, xl. 3). 

The same officer is called equomi- 
mus (peconomus) at 781( = 782) supra 
= Irish Fertighe. The Four Masters, 

not understanding the term, equate 
it with Prior ! The rendering in 
D is original : Magnus exorcista ! 
C gives " the great Caller." 

2 William. Died and was suc- 
ceeded by his son, Alexander II., in 
December, 1214. 

3 Gilla-na-naemh. (Servant (de- 
votee) of the saints). This and the 




TTIuipicean, quieuic. Tnuipceapcac, Ttlac bfiiain, 
DO T>O hallait5. 1pin bticroain [pi] -oobi in 
c-CCefr bpeicci, ppip a paicea an Cat>ap.cac.' lohannep,' 
rune CCnglifaJe p.ex, cue fe Saxana 7 6pe Wn papa, 
iTX)n, Innocenciup cepciup, 7 cue an papa T>O pem anip 
IOD 7 mile mapc5T>opan 7 popcepipsacabbaiknn : ITXMI, 
pecc cer> ex CCnglia 7 cpi ceT> ex tlibepnia.') 

B59b lCaL1an.u. tt p, a t.xx,uii.,CCnno"Oomini Ttt. cc.x. ob u.' b 
Cnec 7)0 oenum o'CCe'5, mac TTIail-Seclainn 1 TTleic Lo- 
ctainn, po|i comafiba CoLuim-cilLe 7 caunsjuMsi TX> 
ayigam T>O 7 a mapba-o pein TJO ^halLaio vpn bbcrBain 
cecna, cfiia mifibail Coluim-cille. bean-TTli'De, ingen 
htli 6isni, ben 2 CCe-oa hlli Neill, ju^ 3 CCilig, m bona 
penicencia quieuic. SLuaga^ la hCCe'D hlla Neill 1 n- 
UllcaiC 7 cue maiT>m moyi pop. 4 ^allaiB Ula g D. d Uilliam, 
pi CClban, 7>o ec 7' CClaxanDep, a mac, 7>o oipT>ne-5 i n-a 
mau [^enep]ale f Concilium [pub] Innocencio papa.' 

A ; om., B, C, D. 8*n. t. h., B ; om., A ; given in C, D. 

A.D. 1215. 1 THaeilec (p om.), B. 3 bean, B. 'jxi, A. ayx on, 
B. *-n. t h. on blank space, A. >*> .x. iin.(1214), B (C, D) ; errone- 
oudy. om^ B, C. d om., B, C. e om., A. M L m., t. h., A; om., B, 

three next items are given in the 
Annals of Loch Ce (ad an.). 

4 Aedh. Of this person I have 
found no account elsewhere. 

8 John. The author of D mistook 
the meaning : Papa ipsa redonauit 
regi una cum mille marchis, etc. 
It is open to doubt whether it was 
understood by the translator of C : 
' ' The Pope surrendred them againe 
to himselfe and a 1000 marcks to 
him and after every yeare 700," etc. 

The history of the donation and 
re-donation is sufficiently well 
known. (For an abstract of the 
Charter, St. Paul's, London, Oct. 3, 
1213 not 1214, as in the text 
(see Doc. Ire. I 489. Cf. ib. t. vv. 

Pope, I ; Tribute, II, III, IV.) Of 
the money, one-half was to be paid 
on Sept. 29 ; the other, on the Easter 
following. By public script, made 
at Avignon, April 1, 1317, four de- 
legates (deputed ad hoc by Letters 
of Edward II., given Dec. 16, 1216) 
agreed, on behalf of the king, to 
discharge the arrears of Henry and 
Edward II., amounting to 24. COO 
marks, by yearly payments of one 
fourth on the festival of St. Michael, 
commencing with the feast next 

Two receipts of John XXIL. in 
the form of Letters to Edward in., 
have been preserved. The first 
bears date April 7 [1330] and is 



Nois, namely, Ua Muiricean, rested. Muirceartach, son 
of Brian, was killed by the Foreigners. In this year 
appeared Aedh 4 " of the deceit," who was called " The 
Helper." John, 5 then king of England, gave Saxon-land 
and Ireland to the Pope, namely, Innocent III. And 
the Pope gave them back to him again, and 1000 marks 
[were to be paid] to him [the Pope] and to [his] successors 
every year : to wit, 700 from England and 300 from 

Kalends of Jan, on 5th feria, 27th of the moon, A.D. 
1215. A foray was made by Aedh, son of Mael-Sechlainn 
Mac Lochlainn upon the successor of [St.] Colum-cille and 
V a herd of cattle was carried off by him. And himself 
was killed by the Foreigners in the same year through 
miracle of Colum-cille. Bean-Midhe, daughter of Ua 
Eignigh, wife of Aedh Ua Neill, king of Ailech, rested in 
good penance. A hosting by Aedh Ua Neill into Ulidia 
and he inflicted great defeat upon the Foreigners of 
Ulidia. William, 1 ' King of Scotland, died and Alexander, 
his son, was inaugurated in his stead. A General Council 2 
[was held] under Pope Innocent. 


for the year ending Sept. 29, 1329 : 
Cum pro regno Anglie et terris 
Hibernie censum mille marcarum 
sterlingorum annis singulisRomane 
ecclesie solvere teneris, etc. (Man- 
ner of payment set forth.), Nos 
solutionem et assignationem ap- 
probantes easdem, te ac heredes 
et successores tuos, necnon regnum 
et terras predictas de dictis mille 
marchis sic solutis absolvimus et 

The second, of July 5, 1333, is 
for the year ending Sept. 29, 1330, 
and the half year up to Easter 
[March 31], 1331. The 1,500 
marks were paid in 6,000 gold 

florins, " singulis marchis pro 
quatuor florenis auri computatis." 

This was apparently the last 
payment. In a Brief, Avignon, 
June 6 [1365], Urban V. reminds 
Edward III. that he made no 
remittance since July, 1333, and 
states that bearer was empowered 
to treat of this and other pressing 
matters. But, with respect to the 
arrears, the mission seems to have 
proved fruitless. See Theiner: 
Vet. Mon. Eibern. et Scot., Romae, 
1S64, pp. 193, 253, 259, 329. 

1215. 1 William. This entry is 
misplaced. See 1214, note 2, supra. 

2 Council. The 12th Ecumenical 


260 ccwjcclcc ulcroti. 

(Carol,* mac "Oiapmo-oa, in Chpipto qweinc.' Op7>o h 
fflinopum conpipmacup hoc anno. CCpTj^ap htla Con- 
ouBaip, epipcopup 8hil-TTIuiperai5, in Chpipco quietnr. 
Corn-bait eppcob na CpipDaToeacca co Roim 1 n-aim|ip. 
1nnocenc[n] pap[a]e repcn. 1p 1 nuimin, na n-eppcob 
t>at>ap ann : qtia-ofiin^enn quinT>ecim,im;ep, quop puep- 
um; peptuapnca unup afichiepipcopi ec pfiimacef. 
6c ocnn^enn abbacep j pfiiofief , Octif i peil ITIapram 
TX) bi m conroait pn. h ) 

]Cat 1an. in. 'p.,' t ix., CCnno "Oomini HI. cc. x. ui. ob 
TTlaet-poil hlla fTlui|ie6ai^, ppioip "Outne-Jeiniin, T>O 

ec. Oengup" hUa Caifiella[i]n, coipec Clamni-"0iaii- 
mara, T>O ma^ba-5 T>'a bfup6pil5 pein. T)onnfleiCi hlla 
TTlail-lTlena T>O nian,bcr5 T>O "Ohal-CCnai-oe. Tpa-o hUa 
TTlaiL-paCaitL, coi^ec Ceneoil-pefi^ui^a, co n-a bpairpiB 
7 co 1 n-dp. mop,, DO map-baft T>O TTluipe'oac, mac TTlop- 
maip Lemnac. "Doniicai> htla "OuibDipma, roipec na 
bfier>ca, DO ec i n-Dtibpeiclep "Oaipe. TTluncaT> TDac 
Carmait, pi^roipec Cheneoil-pe]iaT)ai5, -DO ec cpia rnip- 
bait Coluim-cille. Ruaif>pi htla plainn, pi "Oaiptaip, 
T>O ec. ITla^ Cana, T:oipec CeniufiJL-Oengup a, T>O mapba^ 
Dia bpaicpit) pem. c "Oiomp[i]up hlla Longapgafijn, ap- 
Teppuc Caipil, mopcu[u]p epc Rom[a]e. etroonn TDac 
, comapba pacpaic j ppiniaic 2 Gjienn, pope 
Concilium 3 Lacepanenpe Uom[a]e peticirep 
obT>opmiuic. Concobup hUa hGnne, eppcop Cilte-'oa- 
tua, pope 1-oem Concilium 3 pteuepcenp in uia quieuic. 

C, D. Underneath is another item, now illegible. -itl., at end of first 
entry, n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. h - h n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1216. 1 5U, A. 2 pTmnpaif, B. s conpilium, A, B. M n. t. h. 
on blank space, A. Vti." (1515), B (C, D) ; erroneously. ~ om., B, C, 

D. In addition, the TTlael-poil entry is omitted in D. 

and 4th General of Lateran. Held 
from Nov. 11 to Nov. 30. 
3 Cathal.Tbia and the other 

native item are found in the Annalt 
of Loch Ce (ad an.). 
4 Confirmed. In the Lateran 



(Cathal 3 Mac Diarmoda rested in Christ. The Order [1215] 
of [Friars] Minors is confirmed 4 this year. Ardghar Ua 
Conchubhair, bishop of Sil-Muirethaigh, rested in Christ. 
A Synod 5 of the bishops of Christendom [was held] at 
Rome in the time of Pope Innocent III. This is the 
number of bishops that were therein, 415 ; amongst whom 
were 71 archbishops and primates. And 800 abbots and 
priors. And on the festival of [St.] Martin [Nov. 11] 
this Synod took place.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 6th feria, 9th of the moon, A.D. [1216 Bis.] 
1216. Mael-Poil Ua Muiredhaigh, prior of Dun-Geimhin, 
died. Oenghus Ua Cairrellain, chief of Clann-Diarmata, 
was killed by his own kinsmen. Donnsleibhi Ua Mail- 
Mena was killed by the Dal-Araidbe. Trad Ua Mail- 
fhabhaill, chief of Cenel-Ferghusa, along with his kins- 
men and with great havoc, was killed by Muiredach, son 
of the Great Steward of Lemhain. Donnchadh Ua 
Dubdirma, chief of theBredaeh, died in the Penitentiary 
of Daire. Murchadh Mac Cathmail, royal chief of Cenel- 
Feradhaigh, died through miracle of [St.] Colum-cille 1 . 
Ruaidhri Ua Flainn, king of Dairlas, died. Mag Cana, 
chief of Cenel-Oengusa, was killed by his own kinsmen. 
Dionysius Ua Longargain, archbishop of Cashel, died in 
Rome. Echdonn Mac Gille-uidhir, successor of Patrick 
and Primate of Ireland, felicitously slept in Rome after 
the Lateran General Council. Conchobur Ua Enne, 
bishop of Cell-da-lua, returning after the same Council, 
slept on the way. 

Council. "Wadding : Ann. Min. , ad 
an. 1215, p. 161. 

5 A Synod. Given in substan- 
tially the same terms in the Annals 
of Loch Ce(ad r.). 

1216. * Colum-cille. Cuius sanc- 
tuarium antea inuaserat is added 
in D ; from what source I know 


ccwicclcc ulcroft. 

(1ohonev d , fiex CCnjlie, mofiruuf efc. CCnnuft hUa 
flfluifiecaiT), epifcopuf Conmaicne, m Cbnifco quieuic. d 
Obiitf Innocenriuf papa. ucce7)ic [tlononjitif. [On.7>]o 
Pfie-oicaton-um conpifimacuft/ CC'."0. 1216. CCg fo an 
bbaT>ain afiaiCe Comaplle 5 ene T ia ^ a 'f HOI^J it)on> 
Larepann, ann apoit5e mile c[ii ceT> efpoc.') 

]Cal. 1an. i. p., 1. xx., CCnno 'Domini m. cc. x. un.~ 
A57d Triarsamlain hUa [ph]laicbeiicai, fii Clamm-'Oom- 
nailU moficu[u]f efc. 

(CCn b c-aifi-oepfcob blla Ruanatia T>O gabail t>o TTlail- 
1pu bUa Cboncu^aifi. ^illa-CCpnain ^^ a 
ollum 6nenn 1 m-bpeiceamnacc, moficuup efc. b ) 

]CaU 1an. 11.* p., a 1. 1., CCnno "Domini TT1. cc. 
^illa-'Cisefinais, mac 5 1 ^ a "^ 01la [ 1 ] n > efpuc 
7 cenn Canonac epenn, m bona pemcencia quieuic. 
Injanrac TTlac Congalai T>O ec. c 

A.D. 1216. "n. t. h., A; om., B, C, D. M l, m., n. L h., A; om., 
B, C, D. " n. t. h., B ; om., A ; given in C, D. 

A.D. 1217.'(1216), B (C, D) ; erroneously. ^ n. t. h, A ; om. f 
B, C, D. 

A.D. 1218. * n. t. h. on blank space, A. b -tm. (1217), B (C, D) ; 
erroneously. c-0 om., B, C, D. 

*Died. On St. Luke's Day, 
October 18. 

*Annudh. Given in Annah of 
Lock Ce (ad an.). 

4 Died. July 16. Honorius III. 
was elected on the 1 8th. 

8 Confirmed. By Honorius III. 
in two Briefs, dated Dec. 22. The 
title Friars Preacher* was first given 
in a third Letter, dated from the 
Lateral), Jan. 26, 1217 : Honoring 
etc., Dilectis filiis Priori and Fra- 
tribus Sancti Romani Praedicator- 
ibus in partibus Tolosanis, etc. 
(Script. Rer. Pied., p. 13-4.) 

6 1216. The date, of course, is 
erroneous. It should be 1215. 

1217. l Died. After this entry, 
D gives (1216) : Eodcm anno Don- 
aldns Magnus O'Donill cum magno 
exercitu inuasit Clan-Eicard et 
continuauit ibidem, deuastando 
patriam, nsquedum Mac William 
prestitit obedientiam and obsides 
ipsi O'Donill. Et preterea eiecit ex 
patria Moriachum Lasyndaylle 
[O'Daly] propter necem cuiusdam 
Ffyne O'Brologhan : quern dictus 
O'Donill prosecutus est in Tuo- 
moniam et ipso Moriacho per 



(John, king of England, died. 2 Annudh 3 Ua Muire- [1216] 
thaidb, bishop of Conmaicni [Ardagh], rested in Christ- 
Pope Innocent died. 4 Honorius succeeds. The Order of 
Preachers is confirmed. 5 A.D. 1216. 6 This is the year in 
which there was a General Council in Rome, namely, of 
Lateran, wherein were 1300 bishops.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 1st feria, 20th of the moon, A.D. [1217] 
1217. Mathgamain Ua Fhlaithbertaigh, king of Clann- 
Domnaill, died. 1 

(The archbishop 2 Ua Ruanadha was taken prisoner by 
Mail-Isu Ua Conchubhair. Gilla-Arnain Ua Martain, 
ollam of Ireland in jurisprudence, died.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 2nd feria, 1st of the moon, A.D. 1218. 
Gilla-Tighernaigh, 1 son of Gilla-Ronain, 1 bishop of Air- 
ghialla [Clogher] and head of the Canons of Ireland, 
rested in good penance. 2 Ingantach Mac Congalaigh 


Donogho[-um] Caribragh O'Brien 
exinde fugiendo peruenit Limeri- 
cum. Et cum ipse O'Donill cum 
exercitu ilium persequendo ueniret 
ad portam Limericensem, homici- 
dam reiecerunt ad mandatum ipsius 
O'Donill. Et sic ab uno ad alterum 
delatus fuit Dubliniam, nemine 
audente eum retinere contra man- 
datum ipsius O'Donill ; qui reuersus 
[est] cum uictoria, perlustrata hinc 
inde tota Connacia in ilia expedi- 

The foregoing is given with more 
detail in the Four Masters at 1213. 

2 The archbishop. Given in 
Annals of Loch Ce at 1216. The 
next entry is in the same Annals 
under 1218. 

1218. ' I irjhernaigh ; Ronain. 

(Devotee} of (St.) Tigernach (of 
Clones) ; of (St.) Ronan (of Liath- 
ross = Fir-roiss, 826-7, 846-7, 
supra ? ). 

2 Penance. D adds the following : 
Quo anno O'Donill cum omnibus 
principal! bus totius Ultonie et 
Conacie generalem expeditionem 
fecit per Midenses et alias An- 
glicanas partes comburendo et 
deuastando, quousque uenerunt ad 
Dubliniam ; cum quibus iuncta pace 
conditionali quod ilium alias nomi- 
natum Moriachum homicidam 
eiicerent ex regno : quern propterea 
in Scociam in exilium remiserunt 
et deinde statim O'Donill, obtenta 
undique uictoria, rediit in patriam. 

This is given at 1213 by the Four 


("Oianmai7>, d mac Concuo"ain, TTlic "Oianmarja, 7115 
Tninge-lmfis, mopxmip epc. Copmac TJO gabctil p,ii 7>'a 
eip. "Oomnall hUa ^a^T 101 TTIO]TUUP epr. TDofi, men 
bpiam, bean Charail cfioitj-oefig, moficua epc- d ) 

B 59c ]caL 1an. in.' p.," t. XML, CCrmo "Ocmuni TT1 . cc. x." 11. b 
T)ian.maic c hUa 1 ^illa-Loinne T)0 mapba-o -DO TTlac 
^lU-a-^ucnT) j T)'a %airpib 1 mebail . I 
M1a 1 plainn,|ii hlla-'Cuifiqn, T>O r 
Congatac hUa Camn, cainnet ^aifciT* -j einig" 1 "Cuaif- 
ce[i]yic Gfienn, |iicoifec Tnui^i- 
uite, "DO mafiba'D T>O ^^a 1 ^ ifm Loo cerna. ^i 
iiaeni hUa ^Ofan^cnte, facafic Hara-tupai^, m peni- 
cenma qtneuic. TTlael-1fu hUa "Oai^fii, aipcirmec 
"Oaifie Coin im-ci lie, -Dapicit: 2 bbaf>ain [sic] -DO 1 n-aiyi- 
cinnecc aft n-T>enum caca 3 mairufa erefi cill ~] cuaic, 
1 4 fexc 4 !T) "Oecimbefi, i* n-"0omnac, e in bono pine quieuic 
m pace. 

(Clemenf/ epi]xopup Lin^ne, m Chfiipco quieuic. 
"Cempall Tnann^p-eac na buille *DO coipecfia-D. hoc 
anno Sanccup pp.ancipcup, a pfiima conuefipione eiup- 
Dem anno 7>ecinio reficio, mipic *De uoluncoxe "Domini 
fex pparfiep min[a]e fancncanp aT) p.ej;nuni TTlafi- 
pocbiofium, ui7>elicec, ppoxfiem tlicalem, bepall-oum, 
Ocbconem, CCccupipnum, perp,um ec CC'oiucum. Cfuonum 
qinnque ulcimi anno pequenci puefiunc manmn.izam pub 
TTlannocbiofiuni, TDipamoiino nomine.') 

A.D. 1218. d - d n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1219. 0, A, 2 jcL, A, B. 3 5aca, B. 4 - 4 .i.uu, A, B. * n. t. 
h., on blank ^pace, A. b -.uni. (1218), B (C, D) ; erroneously. ^ Placed 
last in D. ""egnoma of valour, B; "of courage," C; strenuitatit, D. 
C and D, accordingly, follow B. e e in pjxima ^efim on ^e first feria (the 
week-day name of Sunday), B; om., C; 6 Idut, etc., D. Here B un- 
consciously supplies additional internal evidence of the correctness of the 
chronology of A. For Dec. 6 fell on Sunday in 1219 ; but on Saturday 
in 1218. " n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 


(Diarmaid, 3 son of Conchubhar Mac Diarmada, king of [1218J 
Magh-Luirg, died. Cormac took the kingship after 
him. Domnall Ua Gadhra died. Mor, daughter of Ua 
Briain, wife of Cathal Red-Hand [Ua Conchobair], died.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 3rd feria, 12th of the moon, A.D. t 1219 J 
1219. Diarmait Ua Gille-Loinne was killed by Mac 
Gilla-ruaidh and by his kinsmen, in treachery. Muir- 
certagh Ua Flainn, king of Ui-Tuirtre, was killed by the 
Foreigners. Congalach Ua Cainn, candle of champion- 
ship and liberality of the North of Ireland, royal chief of 
Magh Lughad and Sil-Cathusaigb, was killed by the 
Foreigners on the same day [as Ua Flainn]. Gilla-na 
naemh Ua Gormghaile, priest of Ragh-Luraigh, rested in 
penance. Mael-Isu Ua Daighri, Jferenach of Daire of 
Colum-cille forty years was he in theherenachy , after 
doing every goodness to both clergy and laity, by a good 
ending rested in peace on Sunday, 1 the 6th of the Ides 
[8th] of December. . 

(Clement, 2 bishop of Luigni [Achonry], rested in 
Christ. The church of the [Cistercian] Monastery of the 
Buill was consecrated. This year 3 Saint Francis, in the 
13th year from his first conversion, sent by will of the 
Lord six Friars of marvellous sanctity to the kingdom of 
Morrocco, namely, Brother Vitalis, Beraldus, Octo [Otho], 
Accuristius, Peter and Adjutus. Of whom the five last 
were martyred the following year, under the king of 
Morrocco, Miramolinus by name.) 

3 Diarmaid. The three entries are 
given intheAnnalsofLoch Ce(1218). 

1219. * Sunday. The Four Mas- 
ters place the obit (which they copy 
from these Annals) at 1218 ; omit- 
ting the day, which would have 
shewn that the death must have 
taken place in 1219. 

2 Clement, etc. This entry is in 
the Annals of Loch Ce (ad an.). 
The next is given in the same 
Annals at 1220. 

3 This year, etc. Vitalis was the 
superior. But he fell sick and died 
at Saragossa. See Wadding, Ann. 
Min. ad an. 1219, p. 213, 2-37. 



ccwicclcc ulcroti. 


]Cal 1an. 4a p.," L acj.ui., b CCnno "Domini TT1. cc. xx. c 
Ponaccan 1 bpona[i]n, comapba Coluim-citte, 111 
pace quieuic. Ocup d T>opata impepain etep TThnnrrcvp 
n-*Daipej^Cenel-n-6ogain im co^a 1 n-a maii. 1p ei> 
T>opi5ne-5annpein : -Dcto^a-Dup Hluinncep "Oaipe ITIac 
Cacmail ipin conrmpbup 7 T>oro| CCe-5 MeilL 7 Cenel- 
ptann hUa bpolcajXln. 1aj\ fin cpa -oofiala 
eceja TTluinnci]i *Obai|ie 7 bpolca[i]n 7 
bfiolca^jii ap m comufibuf. 1aja fin cfia 
TTIinnncep "Oaifie 7 Cene]L-n -60501 n TTIuin.- 

ceprac hUa TTIillu^aMn, 1-0011, -pen.leiinn | "Oaifie, 
ifin comun.bup. Ocup *oobai m fifitipleiinn 7 m com- 
tipbuf pi blicnxiin 0151, uel puulo plup. Ocup -oopala 
impepam erep ^opppai| blla n-"0ai|pi, 1-oon, 
T)aipe 7 TTlillu5a[i]n, i-oon, in comapba, im an 
lei^inn, no co n-T>ec<roup T>ocum bpeiri comapba pacpaic, 
co n-T)epna pi-5 etappu 7 ^up'cosa-D 60111, mac_in_pp-\ 
lev|inn, ipin pipupleigin, TOO p.eip comapba parpaic 7 
comapba Colum-cilte 7 TTluinncepe "Daipe apcena. d 

(CCe'5 e hlla TTlail-6oin, eppcob Cluana-mac-Moip, T>O 
tjaru-D- 1Tlait-8eacnaill, mac Concubaip ITIbaenmui-oe, 
mopctiup epc. hoc anno quinque pancappimi pparpep 
ITlinopep, pcibcec, bepall'ou]*, Occo, CCcuppiup, pecpup 
ec CCDiucup, pappi funT: pub TYlipamolino, peje TTIap- 
pocbiopum, ]CaleiiT)ip pebpuapn, abap -oecimo i^epamo 
jCalen-oapum pebpuapn, "Dommi pap[a]e honopn cepcn 

A.D. 1220. 1 Ponacoan, B. "* n. t. h., on blank space, A; .u., B ; 
b .xxu>., B. The scribe probably mistook n for u. c ~3c. ia^ (1219), B (C, 
D) ; in error. d ' d om., B (followed by C, D), which has : picmn 
O bjxolcan T>O oi|XT)rieT> i n-a inaf> ipn coma]ibup Flann O'Brolchan 
\ca Appointed in his stead in the successiun. e c n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 

1220. l And there ensued, etc. succession of O'Brolchain, D adds : 

The Annaltof Loch Ceand the Four Eodem anno O'Donill cum exercitu 

Masters omit the important dispute inuasit asperam illam tornam par- 

respecting theiLectorship. tern Conacie, que comuniter dicitur 

After tLe entrj- describing the Gururtria/i, siue Aspera Tertia, 




Kalends of Jan. on 4th feria, 23rd of the moon, A. D. 1220. [1220 Bis.l 
Fonachtan Ua Bronain, successor of [St.] Colum-cille, 
rested in peace. And there ensued 1 contention between 
the Community of Daire and the Cenel-Eogain, respecting 
the selection in his stead. It is this was done then : 
the Community of Daire chose Mac Cathmail into the 
succession and Aedh Ua Neill and the Cenel-Eogain chose 
Flann Ua Brolcain. After that, moreover, there ensued 
contention between the Community of Daire and O'Brol- 
cain and O'Brolcain was put out of the succession. After 
that, moreover, the Community of Daire and the Cenel- 
Eogain chose Muircertach Ua Millugain, namely, lector 
of Daire, into the succession. And he had the lectorship 
and the succession for a year, or a little more. And there 
ensued contention between Geoffrey Ua Daighri, namely, 
herenagh of Daire and O'Millugain, that is, the abbot, 
respecting the lectorship, so that they appealed to the 
judgment of the successor of Patrick and he made peace 
between them. And John, son of the [late] Lector, was 
chosen into the lectorship, according to the successor of 
Patrick and the successor of Colum-cille and the com- 
munity of Daire besides. 

(Aedh 2 Ua Mail-Eoin, bishop of Cluain-mac-ISrois, was 
drowned. Mail-Seachnaill, son of Concubhar Maen- 
mhuidhe [Ua Concobhair], died. This year five most 
saintly Friars Minor, namely, Beraldus, Octo[0tho], Acur- 
sius, Peter and Adjutus, suffered [martyrdom] under 
Miramolinus, king of Morrocco, on the Kalends [1st] of 
February, or on the 17th of the Kalends of February 

Conaght, nempe patrias O'Royrck 
et O'Really ; a quibus habita ad 
vota obedientia et obsidibus, rediit 
per Fermanagh, quam similiter 
undique, pro maiori saltern parte, 

An entry the same in substance 
is given in the Four Masters at 

2 Aedh. This and the following 
item are in the Annals of Loch Ce 
(ad an.). 


268 ccNwalcc ularoti. 

anno, vefie fepcem annip ance 


"(Cat. 1an. -p. ui., a L mi- CCnno "Domini xx. ob i. ob 
("DiqimuiT), c mac Huaiftni.-oo mqiba-o. 1acobup,peni- 
ec Capellanuf "Domini pap[a]e ec Iqgactlf 
hibefini[a]e, m Tlibenmam tienit. TTIael- 
hUa "Out)7>a T>O Barti-b Sanccuf "Oommicuv 
obnc hoc anno. pnimur Conuencup pfie-oicaronum 
11 en ic m CCn^liam. ) 

A.D. 1221. .u.,n. t.h. on blank space, A; .111., B. ^.xx. (1220), 
B (C, D) ; erroneously. c< n. t. h., A; om., B, C, D. Three lines of 
text-space are left blank for entries in B. 

5 [Jaw 18]. The 17th of Jan.. 
according to Wadding, (4t sup., ad 
an. 1220, p. 237). 

1221. ' Diarmuid ; Maelruanaitlh. 
The two native items are in the 
Annalt of Lock Ce (ad an), -with 
greater detail. 

5 James. Said to have been Canon 
of St. Victor, Paris. Sent as Legate 
to Ireland (and Scotland) by Hono- 
rius III. The Brief of appointment, 
dated Civita Vecchia, July 31 
(1220), was superscribed : Regibus 
Ultonie, Corcaie, Limrith, Conatie, 
Insularum [of the Isles], cuilibet per 
Be (Theiner, Vet. J/on.,pp. 15, IS). 
Respecting the Irish Legation, 
three Papal commissions are extant 
In the first (Civita Vecchia, Aug. 
C [1220J), instructions were given 
to abrogate the custom [introduced 
by King John, Jan 14, 17, 1216 ; 
Doe. Ireland, I. 736, 739] that no 
Irishman should receive church 
preferment (Theiner, Vet. Mun., p. 
16). But they do not appear to 
have been carried into effect The 
abuse was abolished by Honorius in 
a Brief addressed to the Irish clergy 

(Lateran, Ap. 26 [1224] : Theiner, 
Vet. Man., p. 23). 

In the second (Civita Vecchia, 
Aug. 8 [1220J), the Legate was 
directed to remove the grievance 
reported by the archbishop of 
Cashel : namely, when an English- 
man lost anything and got six other 
English to swear they believed bis 
oath that the property was taken 
by an Irishman, the native, though 
guiltless and of good name and life 
and prepared to establish his 
innocence by thirty or more sworn 
witnesses, was nevertheless com- 
pelled to restitution (Theiner, Vet. 
J/o.,pp. 16, 17). In this matter 
likewise no action was taken. After 
an interval of more than thirty 
years, the " damnable custom " was 
condemned by Innocent IV. in a 
Brief (Perugia, July 20 [1252]) to 
the archbishop of Cashel (Theiner, 
Vet. Man., p. 56). 

In the third (Lateran, March 19 
[1221]), he was enjoined to adjudi- 
cate upon four complaints of the 
same archbishop and the king's re- 
ply thereto, touching church lands 



[Jan. 18 3 J, in the 4th year of the Lord, Pope Innocent [1220] 
III., nearly seven years before the death of Saint Francis.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 6th feria, 4th of the moon, A.D. 
1221. [No original entry], 

(Diarmuid, 1 son of Ruaidhri [Ua Conchobhair], was 
killed. James, 2 Penitentiary and Chaplain of the Lord 
Pope and Legate of all Ireland, came into Ireland. 
Maelruanaidh 1 Ua Dubhda [king of Ui-Amalghaidh] was 
drowned. Saint Dominick died this year. 3 The first 
Convent of Preachers came into England.) 

(Theiner, Vet. Man., pp. 18, 20). 
Nothing, however, was doiie. Four- 
teen years later, Gregory IX. 
(Perugia, Jan. 4 [1235]) com- 
manded the archbishop of Dublin 
to report upon the masters in 
question, mentioning that James 
had been empowered by his prede- 
cessor to decide them ; but, on 
account of his departure, no pro- 
cess, it was reported, took place 
(sed, propter eius recessum, nullus, 
ut dicitur, f uit processus. Theiner, 
Vet. Mm. p. 30). 

From Letters of Henry III. to the 
archbishop of Dublin (Jan. 7, 1222 : 
Doc. Ireland, I. 1026) and Geoffrey 
De Marisco (June 26, 1822 : Doc. 
Ireland,!. 1037,) we learn that the 
Legate deposed and sent to the 
Cr.ria the bishops of Killaloe and 
Ardfert [Travers and John of 
Limerick, intruded by De Marisco, 
whilst he was Justiciary]. In a 
Brief of Honorius III. (Lateran, 
May 9 [1226]), we read that James 
imposed perpetual silence upon 
Travers and caused another to be 
consecrated in his place (Theiner, 
Vet. Mm., p. 26). 

In the Annals of Loch Ce (ad an.), 

James is charged with gross simony 
and said to have left Ireland in the 
year of his arrival. The second 
statement is confirmed from inde- 
pendent sources. On Nov. 20, 
1220, Henry III. commanded the 
Justiciary, magnates (archbishops 
and bishops) and others in Ireland 
to receive honourably Master James, 
the Pope's Chaplain and Peniten- 
tiary, sent as Legate and, should 
anything new arise touching the 
state of the country, to have re- 
course to his counsel and aid (Dec. 
Ireland, I. 978). On Nov. 1 of the 
following year, he was one of the 
witnesses at Westminster to the'sur- 
render of Irish castles by deputies, 
on behalf of Geoffrey De Marisco, 
late Justiciary (Doc. Ire. I., 1015). 

That on his departure he ceased 
to be Legate, may be inferred from 
his being merely styled " J[ames], 
Penitentiary of the Pope" in the 
document last referred to, and 
" J[ames ], Penitentiary of the Pope 
and late Papal Legate of Ireland " 
in Henry's Letters (already men- 
tioned) of Jan. 7 and June 26, 1222. 
3 This year. On Aug. 6. The 
feast is held on Aug. 4. 




]Cal. 1an. p., uu.* t. xu., CCnno "Domini m. cc. xx.ii. ob 
TTlac ll^a "oe Laci T>O cai^ecc 1 n-6pinn 7>a inm>eoin 
pi 8axan, co camic 1 co hCCe'D Heitl, co n-T>eca oun. 
'moilte i n-aaii> atl 6penn 7 co pomiltpeu mop i TTliT>e 
7 i LaigniC 7 1 n-UllraiG 7 co popcailpec caipcel Cula- 
pauain 7 co porinotpac 2 'frmU, Gpenn cecpi 3 caca peer 3 
co "Oetgain, co cdimc 1 CCe-5 Meilt 7 mac m d Uga*, 
cecpi 4 cara, 'n-a n-a^ait), co rucfac cnlt bjiec" a beoil* 
pein T>'0 Meill/ 

(Copmac, B abb Commp, occifti]' epc. ^ilta-TTlocoinne 
hUa Cafail occipuf epc. Tf\o\i, injen hUi OhuigilL, 
bean CCmtaiB btli bheottan, nioficua 

B />9d |CaU1cm.i.' p.,' L.xxui., b CCnno "Domini rn. cc. xx.iii. oc 
"Niall Meill T>O pafiu^u-b "Oaifie 'mo 1115111 hlli CarajJQn 
7 T>ojiome T)ia 7 Coltim-cille mijibuil, co 1 fiosaijroise'D 1 
a 2 fnain. 2 Tar>5 baiplt, (iT)on d , mac Ceattaig* 1 ) ana 
'Cbuaifce[i]iTC Gfiinn [sic], mopctt[a]p epc. 

(TTIaet-lpj* blla ploinn, ppioip, Gapa-mic-n-eipc, m 
Chfiipco quieuir. ITluyica-D capjiac hUa peap^ail T>O 
mafiCa^ i n-^hfianaiiD. Cdlbin hUa maeliiiui^, eppcop 
peapna, 111 Chpipro 

A.D. 1222. Baling, B. 2 aitforc, B. *- .1111. ccrta JEX-IC, A, B. 
*.iin., A, B. -*n. t. h., A ; .11., B. b-.i. (1221), B (C, D) ; erroneously. 
c om., A. J-" 1 Uga l/aa, B. M a his award, B. f annpin then 
added, B. n.t.h., A ; om., B f C, D. 

A.D. 1223. " gu ^usaifi-Disert, A. " a n-[p]naci, B. M 7 p., n. t. h., 
on blank space, A ; 4 p., B. b 23, B. Scribe, no doubt, took the u in 
the nui of his original for n. c .n. (1222), B (C, D) ; erroneously. 
" itl., t. h., B ; om., A. - n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 

1222. 1 Four and ttcenty battalions, 
D renders : numerati 24 completa 
bella, qui faciunt Hibernica nume- 
ratione 72 millia armatorum. 

1 Four battalions. 12 millibus 
armatorum, numeratione supra - 
scripta, D. 

8 Cormac. Given in the Four 
Masters at 1221. 

4 Gilla-Mochoinnc Mor. Given 
(the first in more detail) in the 
Annals of Loch Ce (ad an. ). 

1223. J Respecting. That is, as 
C and D rightly understand, by 



Kalends of Jan. on 7th feria, loth of the moon, A.D. [1222] 
1222. The son of Ugo De Lacy came into Ireland in 
despite of the king of the Saxon?, until he came to Aedh 
O'Neill ; so that they went together against the 
Foreigners of Ireland and destroyed much in Meath and 
in Leinster and in Ulidia and razed the castle of Cuil- 
rathain. And the Foreigners of Ireland collected four 
and twenty battalions 1 at [Dun-]delgain, until Aedh 
O'Neill and the son of Ugo came with four battalions 2 
against them, so that the Foreigners gave the award of 
his own word to O'Neill. 

(Cormac, 3 abbot of Comar, was slain. Gilla-Mochoinne 4 
Ua Cat hail [king of Cenel-Aedha] was slain. Mor, 4 
daughter of Ua Buighill, wife of Amlaibh Ua Beollain, 

Kalends of Jan. on first feria, 26th of the moon, A.D. 
1223. Niall O'Neill profaned Daire, respecting 1 the 
daughter of Ua Cathain. And God and Colum-cille 
wrought a miracle, so that his thread [of life] was 
shoittned. Tadhg O'Baighill (namely, son of Ceallach), 
splendour of the North of Ireland, died. 

(Mael-Isu Ua Floinn, 2 prior of Eas-mic-nEirc, rested in 
Christ. Murchadh 3 Carrach Ua Fearghail was killed in 
Granard. Ailbin 3 Ua Maelmuidh, bishop of Fearna, 
rested in Christ.) 


abduction. She had probably come 
for devotional purposes and -was 
forcibly carried off -whiltt thus 

2 Ua Flcitin, In the Four Mas- 
ters at 1222. 

3 Murchadh ; Aillin. Given (the 
firtt at greater length) in the Annals 

of Lech Ce (ad a.). For Ua Mael- 
muidh (0'Mulloy),Eee O'Donovan's 
note, F. If. iii., p. 202. From a 
Patent Roll of King John (Doc. 
Ireland, 1. 658), we learn that he at- 
tended the Council of Lateran, 

272 coiMccttc ulcroTi. 

A58btbif.l |cal. 1an. p. 11., L. uii., CCrmo "Domini iiii. * 
Coral cpoifroeps hlla Concobinfi, pi Connacc 7 pi 
^aifcel 1 6penn ^m^rorucp^ a-obac i rnainipcip Cninc- 
TTluaiT)e, quinro }Calen7)apum 1umi. 1n c-aen 5 ai ^ e ^ 1 
ip pepp cainij; o Dpian Oopoma anuap ap uaipli 7 ap 
onoifi ; cojbatac cpepasmup, corutxac na mat; ; fo- 
bapcanac fai'obefi, paai6m& k fotnerinait na fircana. 

1*0015 ip pe [a] fieniiep "oo gabai) oecmai'D co 7>ticec ap 
cuf i n-iac epenn. Coin main cunnail cpaiT>bec, 2 cepT:- 
b]iiaci\ac b cfieiT>ini 7 cjMfCcn^eca ; cep,raireoip na 
cincac 7 na coibttenac ; musai^reoifi na meifitec 7 na 
malaficac ; coimerai^ coircenn cacbua'bac in pecca 
poT)lefr;ai5. T)'a rue "Oia "oesonoip, 1 ralmain 7 in 
plain up nemT)acall. CCpn-eg 1 n-aibic manaic T>6, lap 
m-bpeic buamt o 7)0171 an 7 o T>eman. mar^amcm, mac 
Ceirepnai^ hUi Ceipin, pi Ciapaixte iaca-na-naipne, 
mopru[u]p epc. 6]^puc Conmaicne, it>on, in ^all eppuc, 
mopcuup epc. "Oomnall hUa Cellai, canupri hUa- 
TTlaine, mopT:u[u]p epc. Tflael-Seclainn, mac Tai'bs 
hlli Cellai, moptufujp epc. 

(pmT) d hlla Cupmacan quieuic, 1Tlael-1pu bUa Con- 
cuBaip quieuic. d ppeT)icar;op[ep]" incpaueptinc hi[bep]- 

A.D. 1224. ' Tyxei-, B. 2 qxaibrec, B. ' (1223), B (C, D\ with 
ael .1111. (or 1224) overhead, B. Over 1223, 1224 ia placed by another 
hand in D. b om., B. cc in Ctifxijrro cpiieuic, B; ''died," C; entry 
om., D. d ^n. t. h., A; om., B, C, D. -r. m., n. t h., A ; om., 
B, C, D. 

122 i. i May 28. The F. M. say 
Monday. But May 28 fell on 
Tuesdayin this year. The authority 
they followed forgot that 1224 was 

At "Oojj (Seems), etc., c.m., n. t. 
b., B, is : receplio decimarum in 

*Foreign-liihop. See 0' Donovan 
F..V., iii. 208. 

D adds (at 1223, with 
1224 placed overhead) : Eodem 
anno O'Donill inuasit Conaciam 
ex omni parte usque ad Cruaghan 
et p( rtrani-iit flumen Sncka, omnia 
deuastando. Tamen, habita in- 


habitantium obedientia et eelectis 

obsidibus, rediit. 



Kalends of Jan. on 2nd feria, 7th of the moon, A.D. 1224. [1224] 
Cathal Red-Hand Ua Conchobair, king of Connacht and 
king of the Gaidhil of Ireland for _ability_, died in the X- 
[Cistercian] Monastery of Cnoc-Muaidhe, on the 5th of 
the Kalends of June [May 28 1 ]. The best Gaidhel that 
came from Brian Boruma down, for nobleness and for 
honour ; very fortunate and capable preserver of his j ' 
territories ; wealtEyPweldisposed; excellent amciliary of V 
peace. Seems it is in his time lithe was had legally for 
the first time in Ireland. Fitting, pious, right- judging 
prop of faith and Christianity ; punisher of the guilty and 
of outlaws ; destroyer of robbers and of evil-doers ; general 
battle-victorious maintainer of the righteous law. To 
whom God gave good honour on earth and the heavenly 
kingdom beyond. He died in the habit of a [Cistercian] 
monk, after bringing victory from the world and from the 
demon. Mathgamain, son of Ceithernach Ua Ceirin, king 
of Ciaraidhe of Loch-na-nairne, died. The bishop of Con- 
maicni [Ardagh], namely, the Foreign bishop, 2 died. 
Domnall Ua Cellaigh, tanist of Ui-Maine, died. Mael- 
Sechlainn, son of Tadhg Ua Cellaigh, died. 3 

(Finn Ua Carmacan 4 rested. Mael-Tsu 5 Ua Conchubhair 
rested. The [Friars] Preachers entered 6 Ireland.) 

Given in substance in the F. M. 
at 1223. 

4 Finn Ua Carmacan. Given in 
the Annals of Loch Ce at 1223, 
where he is said to have been 
steward of the king of Connacht 
and to have possessed much land. 
The next item is also given in the 
same Annals at 1223. 

B Mael-hu Prior of Inishmaine, 
according to the F. M. (1223). See 
O'Donovan's note, iii. 204. 

6 Entered, Quetif and Echard 
(Scrip tores Ord. Fred., Lutetiae 
Par. 1719, p. 22) merely say under 
1221 : Ex Anglia nostrosin Hyber- 
niam trajecisse non diu postea 
constat ex Actis. 

In the Catalogue of Dominican 
Houses given in Ware's Irish 
Writers, p. 77 (Ed. Harris; Dublin, 
1745), the foundation of the Dub- 
lin House is dated 1224. This 
list is copied into the Hibernia 

274 ccwicclcc ulcroti. 

]Cal. 1an. i[i]. m p., 1. [x]ini[i]'OCnno"Oomini 171. 9 cc. 
axr. u. b "Ouapcan hUa h6apa, pi Luigne, moptuup 
efc. illa c -in-CoimDe3 TTlac itUx-Cafipca& uapal- 
pacapc 7 peppun T^i-baicin, quieuic 111 Chpipco." 
"Oionipmp 1 blla TTlael-Cbiapain, aipcinnec CCpDa-capna. 
quieuic in Cbpipco. TTlopptuaiseD DO -56110171 DO CCeD 
B 60a hlla Meill 1 Connaccu le macaiB | RuaiDpi hlli Con- 
cubuifi 7 le 2 toaiftm 8hil-TYlui|iefaic uile, ace TTlac 
"Oiapmara aniam, n>on, Cofimac, mac < Gomalrai, co 
n-Decai-D ap, put; Connacc buf>ep co pe-oait) 3 CCa-luain, 
co fioiCe *oa ai-oci ic TTltiiltiti-llaiiac 7 ^Ufi'aipsepcafi 4 
Loc-n-en 5 7 co cue peoic bUi Concobaifi teip ap. 'Caimc 
\/ A58c 'n-a T)iai^ co Capn-ppaic | 7 -Doaiii^ei'caifi 6 'Caipp'oelCac, 
mac Raar6fM| ann. Ocup T>ocuaiT) n-a luarceim T)'a 15 
afi ctoipcecc T>O pluai moin. -DO ^baltai-o 7 DO TTlhuim- 
necaiC pa "DonncaD Caipbnec bUa m-bfiiam 7 pa 
8beppnai TTlafiep ag tteD blta ConcoCain. 7 03 TTlac 
*Oiapmar:a cuige. Octip, o nac pucpacup ap, bUa 7 Neitl, 
fioleanpacufi macu 8 RuaiT>pi ^up'caipnertip. 9 iac a n-ucc 
hlJi Neill a|ii[c]ip. Uomapbpacup tDuimniSDo'n Dul" 
pm e Gcmapcac 1Tlac bfiana[i]n, caipec Cofico-CCclann 10 
a Cill-Cetlai^. 11 CCp. n-Dicup clainne Ruai-opi a Con- 
nacca[it5] 12 amac, gabaip CCeD, mac Carail cn.oib7>e[i]n.j;, 
11151 Connacc D*a n-eip. TaT>5 bUa b6apa TX> ec. 
Brain, in^en TDianmara TTlic TDomnaill, quieuic m 
Cbfiipro. 5 01 ^ 7 TTfluimni's DO Dut pa repmunn Cael- 
pmn 13 7 jiocuipeD dp, na n-^atlrpe pipraiB Cael[p]niD. 14 
Concobup, mac TaiDj; 7 CCpDjat, mac "CaiDg [occip 

A.D. 1225. JThonif, A. 2 yxi, A. 3 pejaiG, A. 4 coyx'ai|\5ec, B. 
5 -ne (the horizontal stroke above the e (=n) om., probably by over- 
eight), A. 6 -ajx,B. 7 O, A. 8 mic, A, B. 9 -taippiiseDuyx, B. 10 Corxcac- 
tann (by syncope), A. " g-Cill-, B. 12 -ccu, B. 1S -elain-o, A. "Caeil- 
piiro, B. n. t. h., on blank space, A ; om., B. b -.nn. (1224), 
B (C, D) ; erroneously. * om., B, C, D. The "Dionipu^ and Grain 
entries are also omitted in D. d om.. B. ** cufiuy pn that expedition, 
B. 'hth add'd, B. 



Kalends of Jan. on 4th feria, 18th of the moon, A.D. [1225] 
1225. Duarcan Ua Eaghra, king of Luighni, died. 
Gilla-in-Coimdeg Mac Gilla-carraigh, eminent priest and 
parson of Tech-Baithin, rested in Christ. Dionysius TJa 
Mael-Ciarain, herenagh of Ard-Carna, rested in Christ. 
A great hosting was made by Aedh Ua Neill into Con- 
nacht, by [invitation of] the sons of Ruaidhri Ua Concho- 
bair and by invitation of all Sil-Muiredhaigh, save Mac 
Diarmata alone, namely, Cormac, son of Tomaltach, so 
that he went through the length of Connacht eastwards 
to the woods of Ath-luain, so that he was a night at the /".- 
Heights of Uana. And they pillaged Loch-nen and he 
brought the treasures of Ua Conchobair with him there- 
from. He came after that to Carn-fraich and Tairrdhelbach, 
son of Ruaidhri, was crowned there. And he went on a / 
quick march to his house, on hearing that a large force of 
Foreigners and of Momonians [was making] towards him, 
under Donnchadh Cairbrech Ua Briain and under Geoffrey 
Mares [De Marisco]', [led] by Aedh Ua Conchobair and 
by Mac Diarmata. And when they [the Foreigners, etc.,] 
did not catch Ua Neill, they followed the sons of Ruaidhri, 
until they drove them to the protection of Ua Neill again. 
The Momonians on that occasion killed Echmarcach Mac 
Branain, chief of Corco-Achlann, at Cell-Cellaigh. On 
the expulsion of the sons of Ruaidhri from out Connacht, 
Aedh, son of Cathal Red-Hand 1 takes the kingship after 
them. Tadhg Ua Eaghra died. Etain, daughter of 
Diarmait Mac Domnaill, rested in Christ. The Foreigners 
and the Momonians went to the Termonn of [St.] Gael- ''r ' 
fhinn and slaughter of the Foreigners was inflicted through 
miracles of [St.] Caelfhinn. Conchobur, son of Tadhg [Ua 
Cellaigh] and Ardghal, son of Tadhg [Ua Cellaigh were 

1225. l Red-Hand. -Iu the margin 
of D, opposite pugni rubri (near the 

end of folio 23b) is cpx>6 "Deafis, the 
Irish equivalent. 




. CCji mop. 7>o oaimt> [ivl ir > blicroain JM. 1n 
T>apbtip. '50 buain a haicte na peile bp.i5ci ym cpeabat* 
'50 T>enatfi 1 15 n-ainpecc. 

|CaL 1an. m u. p.," L ocxix., CCnno "Oomini TT1. cc. aac. 
ui. b pei-olimii) 1 bllu ConcoBain. "oo abail raigi ap. 
"Oomnall hlla phlaicbepraie, snp'mapb 7 gufi'loifc e 
pein 7 a bparxnp. deft hlla ptaicbeficaic -DO jaCail ta 
tiCCe-5, mac Carail cjioibT>e[i]ii;5 7 a rabaific iLtaim 2 
^halL 3 "Oseyman, mac Cacail htli Conco^aifi, 7>o ta "Oonnca-5 hUa n-"Oufroai. 4 171 1111151 up TTlac 
"Oiayimara T>O maiiba^. Connmac" Tappa, e^puc 
Lui5ne, in Chiiif^o qiiieinc." Caipten Cille-moijie DO 
VcaitniT) la Coral 1^0151 UIT. 

(CCeT a blla Uuaiiic -DO maiiba^ ta Cacal blla Haigil- 
b-5 7 la ConcuBafi TTlac Coiwiuic. d ) 

|CaL 1an. ui." -p.," L x., CCnno "Domini TTI. cc. acx. 
un. ob Uilliam TTIajfiep, mac 5 1u f a r na bGiienn, -DO 
5abail -DO Cbofimac, mac "Comalrai^, T>O 1115 na Cainnp 
7 T)'CCef> hlla Concobaiji. "Ooniifleibe ^r 1 "^^ (abajv 
hUa ^aTfia ; iT>on, fii Sleibe-Ui5a c ) T>O maiiba^ TX> mac 
a T>en.[b]bnaran. -pem i pill 7 -oomanbat) e pein UTD po 
cecoiji, cjie inroell CCe^a hUi Concobuin,. D|ttan 4 , mac 

A. D. 1225. "a, A. 

A.D. 1226. JpeTOtim, A. 2 a laim, B. 3 n-'5aU,. A. --oa, A. 
".mi. p., n. t. h., A ; .u. p., B. h -.u. (122-5), B (0, D) ; erroneously. 
<~ om., D. d ^ n. t.h., A ; om., B, 0, D. 

A.D. 1227. ".u. p.,n. t. h. , on^)lank space, A; .ut. p., B. -.ui. (1226) , 
B (C, D) ; erroneously. itl., n. t. h^ A ;om., B, C, D. "om., B, C, D. 

2 Wtre slain. The Four Masters 
say they were burned in a house 
which was set on fire by their 

3 Great dts'rurtlm. D, perhaps 
correctly, connects this and the fol- 
lowing entry (1224) : Fuit enim 
eodem anno maxima mortalitas 

hominum, ita ut circa festum 
Sanctae Brigide autumnalia blada 
colligerentur, cum nee turn semina- 
tura futuri anni facta fuisset, oc- 
casione predictarum guerrarum. 

1226. ' Feldl.limidh Ua Conco- 
bhair. According to the Four 
Masters (ad an.) the deed was done 



slain 2 ] . Great destruction 3 of people in this year. The corn [1225] 
was a-cutting on the morrow of the feast of [St.] Brigit 
[Feb. 1.] and the ploughing was a-doing at the same 

Kalends of Jan. on 5th feria, 29th of the moon, A.D. [1226] 

1226. Feidhlimidh Ua Concobhair 1 seized a house upon 
Domnall Ua Flaithbertaigh, so that he killed and burned 
himself and his kinsman. Aedh Ua Flaithbertaigh was 
taken prisoner by Aedh, son of Cathal Red Hand 2 and 
given into the hand[s] of the Foreigners. Tighernan, son 
Cathal Ua Conchobair, was killed by Donnchadh Ua 
Dubhdai. Muirghius Mac Diarmata was killed. Conn- 
mac O'Tarpa, bishop of Luighni, 3 rested in Christ. 
The castle of Cell-mor was razed by Cathal O'Raighillaidh. 

(Aedh 4 Ua Ruairc was killed by Cathal Ua Raighillidh 
and by Conchubhar, son of Cormac [Ua Maelruanaigh].) 

Kalends of Jan. on 6th feria, 10th of the moon, A.D. [1227] 

1227. William Mares, son of the Justiciary of Ireland, 
was taken prisoner by Cormac, son of Tomaltach, 1 king of 
the Rock and by Aedh Ua Conchobair. Donnsleibhe 
O'Grada (otherwise, Ua Gadhra ; namely, king of Sliabh- 
Lugha) was killed by the son of his own brother in 
treachery and he [the slayer] himself was killed therein 
immediately, through device 2 of Aedh Ua Conchobair. 

by the sons of Murtough O'l r la- 
herty, aided by 0' Conor. The 
entry in the Annals of Loch Ce 
makes no mention of Feidhlimidh. 

2 Cathal Bed-Hand. That is, 
O' Conor, King of Connaught. 

8 LuigJini. That is, Achonry. 

4 Aedh, etc. Given in the Four 
Masters. It is there stated that 
O'Rourke was slain on Lough 
Allen (co. Leitrim). 

1227. l Tomaltack.M&c Dermot. 
His residence .was the Rock of 
Lough Ce. A full account of the 
transaction is given in the Annals of 
Loch Ce, whence it has been copied 
by the Four Masters. 

2 Device. "Devise," C; indus- 
tria, D. The account in the Four 
Masters states that the nephew 
seized a house upon the uncle. 


cctiMcclcc ulcroti. 

[bi r .] 

CoiicoCaif\bl1i n-*OiapmaT;a, DO mafibaD.' 1 
liUa 2 TTlo]i|Da DO cpofcro -o'efpuc Oil-piim Cumajia 
hUa "Oomnalla[i]n -DO mapbai) 1 n-geimil DO HuaiDpi 
ITlac "Oinrm^leiBe, a n-Tn^cnt a arafi ~j fe cfiojxa. 

]caL 1an. tin.' p.." l. b xx. i., b CCnno "Domini m. cc. xx- 
inn. c CCeD, mac Catait cp.oibDe[i]fi5 hlli Concobaifi, DO 
majibaD 1)05011011!) 1 met5ail, lafi 1 n-a *Dicup.T)0 Cbon- 
naccaiC uaiaB. ^lUfcifecc na bO|ienn -DO aCail TK> 
mac Uiltmni bufic (iT>on, d Hicap.i> d ) CCe-5, mac Rtiai%u, 
DO abail |ne Connacc ~j fiohaipge-D ceatla j ruara 
Connacc leo j |ioT)icui|ieT> e a cleifii 7 a luce elattna 
aficena a r;ip.iI5 comaii>ciC, 2 ap' n-a ciifi |ii puacc ~j \*.\ 
jofica. TDuipceiacac, mac pLairbepcai bUi pblanna- 
j;a[i]n, DO mafibaD ta macaiC bUi ^baD 
mac 8iqinica bUi Ruaipc, DO mafibaD DO macaiC 
mic Con^alaic bUi Uuaipc. "Hiall, mac Con^atais hUi 

A.D. 1227. ia Oioniip B. 2 O, B. The "Dionifiu^ and Cumayxa entries 
are given under 1225 (=1226) in D. 

A.D. 1228. J ap, ("), B. 2 --Da, A. -n. t. b., on blank space, A ; 
om., B. b ' b om., B. c -.uii. (1227), B (C, 1)). B (followed by C and D) 
has no entry imder this year. There is a blank space of four lines. 
Then : 

Lai. 1 an. [blank for ferial and epact] CC/0. m. cc. xx. tim. The 
entries follow KB in A. The year in advance, caused by the omission 
of 1192, being thus abandoned, B (as well as C and D) comes into 
harmony with the chronology of A. d " d ill., n, t. h., A; om., B, C, D. 
After this word, cell, was written, but subsequently deleted by having 
a dot placed under each of the letters, A, *-* om., B, C, D. 

3 Croated at a Cruyider. Literally, 
signed; the native equivalent of 
cruce-tignatut. " Crucified," C ; 
over which another hand wrote 
abdicavit ! Excommunicatus fuit, 
I) ; in which the entry is given under 

As O'More resigned in 1229 and 
died in 1231, his object apparently 
was not to go in person to the 

Holy Land, but to gain the in- 
dulgence by contributing to the 
Crusade. In reference to the re- 
quest of the king of Scotland re- 
garding : Nonnulli milites et alii 
de regno &uo propter paupertatem, 
alii ob senectutem, quidam vero 
propter debilitatem, quamplure* 
etiam ob innrmitatem nequeunt 
personaliter exequi votum, quod 



Dionysius Ua Mordha was crossed jg^a, Crusader 8 , from [1227] 
[being] bishop of Oil-finn. Cumara Ua Domnallain was 
killed in captivity by Ruaidhri Mac Duinnsleibhe, in 
revenge of his father, he [Cumara] being crossed [as 
a Crusader]. 

Kalends of Jan. on 7th feria, 21st of the moon, A.D. [1228 Bis. 
1228. Aedh, son of Cathal Red-Hand Ua Conchobair, 
was killed by the Foreigners in treachery, after his being 
put away by the Connachtmen from themselves. The 
Justiciate of Ireland was assumed by the son of William 
de Burgh (namely, Richard 1 ). Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, 
[and his brothers] took the kingship of Connacht and the 
churches and territories of Connacht were pillaged by them 
and moreover its clergy and folk of learning were expelled 
into foreign countries, after being exposed to cold and to 
hunger. Muircertach, son of Flaithbertach Ua Flann- 
again, was killed by the sons of Ua Gradhra. Ferghal, 
son of Sitriuc Ua Ruairc, was killed by the sons of Mall, 
son of Congalach Ua Ruairc. Niall, son of Congalach 

assumpto crucis signaculo, de 
transeundo in eiusdem Terre sub- 
Bidium emiserint, a Brief of Gre- 
gory IX., dated the Lateran, March 
31 (1238), empowers Cardinal Othof 
the Papal Legate, to absolve such 
from the vow of the Cross : recepta 
prius ab eis sufficient! et idonea 
cautione (security), quod omnes 
expensas, quas facturi essenfc in 
eundo, morando et redeundo, in 
manibus tuis assignent : alias 
laborem itineris pietatis operibus 
compensando, illam indulgentiam 
habituri, qu[a]e transeuntibus in 
ipsius Terre subsidium in General! 
Concilio est concessa (Theiner, Vet. 
Mon., p. 38). 

Amongst the charges brought 
against the bishop of Ardagh, 
which Innocent IV. (Lyons, Feb. 
13, 1245) appointed judges to in- 
vestigate, was : pecuniain, quam 
crucesignati decedentes relinquunt 
in subsidium Terre Sancte, in usus 
proprios et illicitos . . . con- 

1228. Richard. On Feb. 15 of 
this year, Henry III. notified to 
the citizens of Dublin, Limerick, 
Drogheda, Waterford, Cork and to 
" Duncan Carbry " (Donnchad 
Cairbrech O'Brien) that Richard 
de Burgh was appointed justiciary 
of Ireland. ( Documents}, (relating 
to} f[r~\,lan(l]., I. 1573.) 

ccwicclcc ulcroti. 

B eoc 

Utiaipc, 7>o mafibaT) -DO CCfic, mac CCinr; hUi Huain,c j 
CCmlaim ^enfi, mac tleill, T>O mafibat) DU S CCmlaim, mac 
CCipc, 1 parfiugau TTla[c] Cfiaic* hlla TTlallacTa quieuic 


("OauiT) 11 plainn, caifec Sil-TTIailnuanai'o, T/hec. 
CCe-6, mac "Oonnca-o 1 pep.gaiT, TO mapba-5 la tiCCe-o, 
mac CCinlaim 1 pep|ail. h Caiflen 1 Chtnl-jiarain T>O 
oenum m bbaTain fi. 8an "Pfionpaf -D'onopusat* mafi 
jac naeiTi in bb attain fi leipn pa^a, iT>on,te 
nonuf, fcilicec, -oecimo fepnmo ]CateiiDaf 

]CaL 1an. i[i]. a p., L n., a CCnno "Domini 1T). cc. xx. ix. 
"Duibeffa, inj;en Racn^fU, ben Carait TTlic "Oiafimara, 
DO ec i n-a caitlic T)tn1j. "Dianmaic TDac 1 Capprai^, pi 
"Oef-TDuman, quieuic m Chfiiyro. T)ionif b hlla TDofi'Da, 
efpuc 8il-rnuipef>ai, tto ctifi a eppucoiDe uaT>a. b 
^ipajiT) hlla Caca[i]n, canonac | 1^ eoloa *oobi 2 
Canonac [in Chfiifco quieuit:]. *0iapmaic b fllac 
abb Hciglefa ^itUx-TY)olaifi hllu[-ij gitltipa[i]n 1 'Cuaim, 
in Chnipco quieuic 7 a afinucal 1 b 
hlla ^opmsaile, pn.ioip. fieiglepa 1nT>p-mic- 

(TIO, C -n-en.m c ), T)uine d ip egnai-oe 7 ip cp.aib- 
"Dobi T)O CoiceT) Con[n]acc, m Chfiifro quieuic. 
"OianmaiD ITIac ^illa-Chapyiais, aipcmnec "Cisi-bairm 
7 uaralracgpi: 7 "ouine jiob'penji T>eip.c 7 eineac* T)obi i 

om., B, C, D. 

B. * n. t. h., 
entry is 

cenncun. 4 Connacc, in Chfiii^co quieuic. 

A.D. 1228. *T)0, B. -Kom. D. hh n. t. h., A 
11 r. m., n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1229. 1 ma5,B. "jvoboi, B. '-age, B. - 
ou blank space, A; om.,B. ^om., B, C, D. The 
omitted in D. ** itl., n. t. h., A ; om., B, C. d T> is doubled by mistake, 
B. e -oaenacc humanity, B. 

* Amlaim the Sfiorl. Auly Carr 
[Garr] ; alias, curtus filius, D. 
3 David Aedh the castle. 

These three native items are given 
in the Four Matter* under this 



Ua Ruairc, was killed by Art, son of Art Ua Ruairc and [1228] 
Amlaiin the Short, 2 son of Niall, was killed by Amlaim, 
sou of Art, in bathing. Ma[c] Craith Ua Mallachta 
rested in Christ. 

(David 3 O'Flainn, chief of Sil-Mailruanaidh, died. 
Aedh, 3 son of Donnchadh O'Ferghail, was killed by Aedh 
son of Arahlara O'Ferghail. The castle 3 of Cuil-rathain 
was built this year. Saint Francis was honoured 4 like 
every saint this year by the Pope, namely, by Gregory 
IX., that is, on the 17th of the Kalends of August > 
[July 16].) 

Kalends of Jan. on 2nd feria, 2nd of the moon, A.D. [1229] 
1229. Duibessa, daughter of Ruaidhri [Ua Conchobair], 
wife of Cathal Mac Diarmata, died a nun. Diarmait Mac 
Carrthaigh, king of Desmond, rested in Christ. Dionysius 
Ua Mordha, bishop of Sil-Muiredhaigh [Elphin], put his v 
bishop_ric away from him. Girard Ua Cathain, the most 
learned Canonthat was in the Order of Canons [rested in 
Christ]. Diarmait Mac Fiaich, abbot of the Monastery 
of Gilla-Molaisi Ua Gillurain in Tuaim, rested in Christ 
and was buried in Ard-carna. Muiredach Ua Gormghaile, 
prior of the Monastery of the Island of Mac-nErind (or, 
[Mac]-nErin), the most erudite and pious person of the 
Fifth of Connacht, rested in Christ. Diarmait Mac Gilla- 
Charraigh, herenach of Tech-Baithin and eminent priest 
and the person of best charity and hospitality that was in 
this side 1 of Connacht, rested in Christ. 

4 Was honoured, etc. He was 
canonized in the church of St. 
George, Assisi. 

1229. l TMs side of Connacht. 
That is, the eastern portion, where 
the compiler lived. The expression 
is incorrectly rendered "in those 
parts" in C. The entry in the 

Four Masters states that Mac 
Gillacarry was interred in the 
(Premonstratensian) monastery of 
Trinity Island (Loch Ce), after the 
body lay unburied for three nights 
in the (Cistercian) abbey of Boyle, 
the monks of which attempted to 
retain it. 



cctmcclcc ulcroTi. 

A59a JcaU 1an. pon.' ITlaifir:,* t. x. m., a CCn no "Domini 1D. 
cc.xarac. 5 1 ^ a ^f u h-Ua CLei]aig, epfcop Lui^ne, quieuic 
in b [Chnifco b ]. 5illa-Can|icai5 c hUa heL5iupa[i]n, 
canonac 7 angcaipe, quieuic m [Chn.ipco]. e "Oonnfteibe 
bUa Inmuine, 1 manac naem 7 maigifcen. paefi, qtneui 
m b [Chnifco b ]. mael-muine hUa TTlait-eoin, abb 
Cluana-mac-Moif, m Cbfiifco quietnc. Wael-Seclainn" 
TTlac pbinei-oin-o, tiafalfacanr; 7 mai^iy^ 1 !* teiginn, 
quietnr; in [Chnifro], 1 n-a noibin>i 1 TTlainifcin, na 
buiUe- 5 1 ^ a " in "Coim p De'DhtJaT)uiUenna[i]n, 
Peicin 7 abb jiei^lefa Canonac 6r > a-'oanxi, in 

. qtneuic. d SluaieT) e la litliltiam Oiific i Connacca, 2 

mill[eT>] mofian leif f TX> ChonnaccaiB.' "Oonn 65 
Oineccai^ T>O mapba-5 T>oiB 7* Gccijenn, mac in bfieir- 
enian, bUa IDmcacam T>O mapba-o 7)0115. CCnr, mac h 
bill Uuanc, T)O mayiba-D DO Ra^nalt hUa pmi) i 
. lTla[c] Cfiaic TYlac 8beppai, efpuc Con- 

A.D. 1230. i Inmanien, B. 2 -ccaib, B.-- *n. t h^ on blank space, A ; 
.111. p. (the Latin equivalent), B. b ' b om., B. * om., B, C, D. d - d cpneuic 
in, A. 'This and the CCfxc-CCer>-'5illa-1fu- and TTIaq\ait entries are 
the only items given (in the foregoing order) in D. ''DO Chonnaccai6 
leif, B. Kom.,A. ^macmic grandson, A. 

1 2 30. l Mae Cra ith Joseph 

Much light is thrown on these 
obits by the plaint made in person 
by bishop Jocelin and embodied in 
a Brief of Gregory IX. (Perugia, 
April 8, 1235 ; Theiner, vli tup., 
p. 30), appointing judges to ex- 
amine whether the diocese of 
Ardagh belonged to Tuam, or to 
Armagh. The archbishop of Tuam 
consecrated the prior of Inismor 
(most probably Inishmore great 
island in Lough Gamna, co. Long- 
ford) bishop of Ardagh. After- 
wards, Joseph (MagTheichidhain), 
the archdeacon, who had officiated 
as such at the function, falsely repre- 

sented to the primate L[uke Netter- 
ville], that himself bad been elected. 
Thereby he obtained confirmation, 
caused himself (non sine symonie 
vitio) to be consecrated by the 
authority of luke's successor 
(Donatus) and was intruded by lay 
influence iuto partial possession of 
the diocese. 

The canonical bishop having 
died, "Magairy" (=Mac Sherraigh 
of the text), the new archdeacon, re- 
ceived consecration from the Tuam 
metropolitan. His death took place 
within the same year (1230). 
Whereupon, the intruded obtained 
total possession and proceeded to 



Kalends of Jan. upon Tuesday, 13th of the moon, A.D. 
1230. Gilla-Isu Ua Cleirigh, bishop of Luigni [Achonry], 
rested in Christ. G ilia- Car rthaigh Ua Elgiusa[i]n, canou 
and anchorite, rested in Christ. Donnsleibe Ua Inmhainen, 
a holy monk and master-wright, rested in Christ. Mael- 
Muire Ua Mail-Eoin, abbot of Cluain-mac-Nois, rested in 
Christ. Mael-Sechiainn Mac Fhireidhinn, eminent priest 
and master of literature, rested in Christ, a novice in the 
Monastery of the Buill. Gilla-in-Coimdedh Ua Duillen- 
nain, successor of [St.] Feichin and abbot of the Monas- 
tery of Canons of Es-dara, rested in Christ. A hosting 
by William de Burgh into Connacht, so that much of Con- 
nacht was destroyed by him. Donn Mag Oirechtaigh Junior 
was killed by them and Echtighern Ua Mincachain, son 
of the Brehon, was killed by them. Art, son of Art 
Ua Ruairc, was killed by Ragnall Ua Finn in treachery. 
Ma[c] Craith 1 Mac Sherraigh, bishop of Conmaicni 


alienate the diocesan property. 
The prior of " St. John's outside 
the new gate of Dublin " and his 
fellow judges (appointed ad hoc by 
the Curia, on the complaint of the 
prior and canons of Kilbixy (co. 
Westmeath)) quashed the election* 
of Joseph as uncanonical and un- 
confirmed by his own (Tuam) 
metropolitan. The execution of the 
sentence was intrusted to the 
primate. He, however (quadam 
pecunie summa et quibusdam pro- 
curatoribus symoniace receptis),for 
the second time, intruded Joseph. 

But the church having been 
long destitute of a pastor and not 
free from the danger of an invader, 
the archbishop of Tuam, to whom 
the right of election had devolved by 
lapse of time, consecrated Jocelin, 
" a monk of St. Mary's near 

Dublin." (This took place either 
at the close of 1232, or in the 
beginning of 1233. For on March 
1 of the latter year, Henry III. 
commanded the justiciary, Maurice 
FitzGerald, to give such possession of 
the see to Jocelin, consecrated 
bishop thereof, as Robert (sic), his 
predecessor, had at his death (D. 
/., I. 2018).) 

On the other hand, the primate 
(non sine symonie vitio, ut dicitur) 
confirmed the election of G[elasius 
= Gilla-Isu], a priest of the diocese, 
said to have been excommunicated 
(for whom, see under 1237, infra). 

A palpable hiatus in the fore- 
going, namely, the death of Joseph, 
is supplied by the additional obit 
of the text. The omission of his 
demise by the original compiler 
shows that, in the chronicle from 

ccwrcclcc ulcroti. 

maicne 3 , T)tnne ip mo cpabaD 7 einec" T>obi ilLeic Cuinn, in 
Chpipto d quieuir. d CCeD hlla Meilt, pi - Cuaifce[i]pt: 
(Gpenn 1 ) 7 pi Leiri Cuinn uite 7 De^aDCup aipDpij; Gpenn 
wle 1 7 DUine ip mo pomapb 7 pocpec ^tillu k 7 pomitl 
caiplena Dobai DO haiDetait>, 4 a 6 ec 7 Dtnne if tu^ii 5 
popaileD D'pa^bait baip mnup aile ace le allait>, 
m b [ChftifCO*]. ploifiinc hlla Cepballa[i]n, 
"Cbi|ie-heo5ain, uafalfenoip, cogai-De, poncipi- 
cacup pui anno qua-opagepimo pearo, [a]ecar;ip pu[a]e 
ocrosepimo pexco, m Chpipco quieuic.' 

(lopep 1 THag "Cheia-ban, eppcob Conmaicne, quieuir. 1 
. . . 7 copp 8an Pponpep T)'acpU5UT> DO comapba na 
m-bparap cum eaglaipe Dopigne^ 'n-aonoip pem, 8 jet. 

jCaL 1an. pop* Cearain,* l. b aKr.ini., b (Xnno "Oommi Til. 
cc.X3cx. i. perpotiji 1 (iDon, c ben TTluipceprai^ tnunn- 
niD, mic ToippDealbai^ moip 1 Concubtnp ), ui^en Con- 
cobtnp 1Tlic "Oiapmaca, qtneinc m [Chpipco]. d T)ub- 
ingen Concotknp 171 ic TDiapmaca, DO ec i 
na binlle. d plann hlla Connaccaij;, e]^puc 
na Opeipne, m" Cbpipco quieuii:-* SluagaD mop leip 
n-T)oninaill Docum bill 2 Raiillai5, co ptic ben bill 

3 -ni, B. 4 5haeiT>ealaiB B. B TK. (sign of infinitive), B. 6 lu5a, B. itl., 
n. t. h., A ; toxt, B, C, D. i om.,B. k Sic, A, B. The first u arises from 
assimilation with the final. It proves that the original contained the 
proper ca^e-ending. '-' n. t. h., A ; om., B. C, D. m-ln t. m., n. t. b., A ; 
om. , B, C, D. The beginning of the entry stood on a line that was cut 
away in trimming the edge. 

A.D. 1231. J Petppobse, A. * hi, B. n. t. h., A ; .111. p. (the Latin 
equivalent), B. b - b om., B. cc itl., n. t. h., A; om., 15, C, D. A4 om., 
B, C, D. om., A ; " dead," C ; quieuit in pace, D. 

which Maguire copied, Mag 
Theichidain was pu.-ttd over as 
an intruder. 

In the Annals of Lock Ce (ad 

an.), Josepb is given first and 
quitrit in Christo applied to both. 

3 Cfiritt. D adds : Eodem etiam 
anno, O'Donill cum vi arniata 



[Ardagh], the person of moat piety and generosity that [1230] 
was in the Half of Conn, rested in Christ. Aedh 
Fa Neill, king of the North (of Ireland) and king of all 
the Half of Conn and worthy future arch-king of all 
Ireland and the person of the Graidhil that most killed 
and pillaged the Foreigners and destroyed castles, died. 
And the person that it was least thought would find death 
otherwise than by the Foreigners rested in Christ. 2 
Florence Ua Cerballa[i]n, bishop of Tir-Eogain [Deny], 
eminent senior select, rested in Christ, in the 46th vear of 
his pontificate, the 86th of his age. 

(Joseph 1 . Mag Theichidhan, bishop of Conmaicni 
[Ardagh], rested. . . And the body of Saint 
Francis was removed 3 on the 8th of the Kalends of June 
{May 25] by the Superior of the Friars to the church 
that was built in his own honour.) 

Kalends of Jan. upon Wednesday, 24th of the moon, 
A.D. 1231. Fethfolighi (namely, wife of Muircertach the 
Momonian, 1 son of Toirrdealbach Mor O'Concubuir) 
daughter of Conchobur Mac Diarmata, rested in Christ. 
Dubchablaigh, daughter of Concobhar Mac Diarmata, died 
in the Monastery of the Bflill. Flann Ua Connachtaigh, 
bishop of Breifni [Kilmore], rested in Christ. A great 
hosting by O'Domnaill against Ua Raighillaigh, so that 
he took the wife of Ua Haighillaigh away with him, 


inuasit Conaciam et, licet multa 
commisit damiia, tamen filii Rorici 
I Conchuir non adheserunt eius 
consilio ilia uice. 

This is given in substantially the 
same terms by the Four Masters at 
this year. 

3 Removed. For the unseemly 
brawl that took place on the 

occasion of the translation, see 
Wadding, Ar-.nal. Minor, ad an. 
1230, p. 414, seq. 

1231. 1 Momonian. So called 
from having been reared in Mun- 
ster. At 1233, D gives Odo 
venenosus, mistaking Muimnech 
(Momonian) for neimnech (veno- 

286 ccNMrttcc uloroti, 

^ leif, 1-oon, mpn Tiles 3 pbiacpac 7 co 
peoic 7 innrnufa 7* maithuf d m tknle mle Ie6. Con- 
B eod cobun. Igoc 4 liUa h6o5fia,pi Lui'ne, qineuic m d [Cbn.ifto]. d 

T)ub6en*ipac, d mj;en hUi Chuinn, ben [ph]laicben.- 
cai bUi phlannco;a[i]n, quietus m [Chfiirco d ]. 

plaiben.cac blJa pLanna^a[i]n, caifec Clainm-Carail 
7 -ouine ip uai^le' T>obi f T>O 8bil-TTluifieT)ai^, 7>o 5 ec 1 n-a 
oibn.i i TTlainifn|inabuitle. "Oionifnif 0g btla lTlo|i'Da 
eppuc Sil-TTluifie-oai^, quieuic m Cbfupco.' 

A59b[bif.] "|caU 1an. pofi* "Oafvocnn, t. u., a CCnno T)ommi TT1. cc. 
xxx. 11. CCei) b btla pep^ail, caivec TTliiinticepi-bCCn- 
gaile, T>o Tnafiba'b T)'a bfiaicfiiB pem. TTlapiup, mac 
CCmlann, mic "Caif>5 TTlic TDaetiiuanais, cainnel eini 7 
egnuma 1 7 cpabai-5, m Cbfiifro quieuir. 8lua|cr5 ta 
bthltiam bupc co caifcel bona-^aillbi, 2 co n-Depifcn: 
caifcel ann. TTlaiT)Tn T>O rabaipc T)O na 'Guarcno' ap 
Concobup, mac CCe'oa, mic RuaiT>fii, cop'ma]iba^ Con- 
cobufi ann 7 5i^-Cn.ifu, mac T)onncaf>a ec atn mulci. 
"Oonnca-5, mac 'Comatcail TTlic "Oiapmaca, quieuic m d 
[Cb|iifco d ]. TTIac tleitl hUi ^aitmfie^ais 3 (iT>on, e Con- 
cobun.*), caifec Ceniuil-TTloen, quieuic m [Chfiifco]. 
Coipecp.a'D cempailt Citte-moipe 7 Canonai -DO oenum 
ifin baite cecna ta Conn Mlaplannagatijn. 4 Slua^ro' 

'TTleig, B. 4 5ao, A. a hit (death took place}, B. T)ioniy, B. "mo 
maicuf* TX>boi of greatest goodnes* that was, B. om., D. Chy\i|ro is 
omitted in A . 

A.D. 1232. 1 e5noma, B. * -'gaillme, B. 1 ^aifimle- (by metathesis 
of t and p.), B. 4 -can, B. * n. t. h., on blank space, ; om., B. b This 
and the following entry are given under 1231 in D. c - c qtnetnc in* 
A. d - d om., B. This item is the last which D. has in common with 
A, B, C under this year. itl., n. t. h., A ; om., B, C. " om., B, C. 

3 Stammerer. Incorrectly ren- 
dered mutus in D. " The adjective 
god (ijot) in medical Irish MSS. is 
used to translate the Latin balbus, 
or balbutieiu" (O'Donovan, Four 
Matters, iii, p. 260). 

* Ua Mordha.The Annalt of 
Loch Ce (ad an.) state that he ditd 
in the establishment of the Canons 
in Trinity Island (Loch Ce), on 
Dec. 15 and was succeeded by 
Donough O' Conor. 



namely, the daughter of Mag Fhiachrach. And they 
took away the treasures and valuables and chattels of the 
whole town with them. Conchobur Ua hEaghra the 
Stammerer, 2 king of Luighni, rested in Christ. Dub- 
themhrach, daughter of Ua Cuinn, wife of [FJlaithbertach 
Ua Flannaga[i]n, rested in Christ. [The aforesaid] 
Flaithbertach Ua Flannaga[i]n, chief of Clann-Cathail 
and the person that was noblest of the Sil-Muiredhaigh, 
died on his pilgrimage in the Monastery of the Buill. 
Dionysius Ua Mordha, 3 bishop of Sil-Muiredhaigh 
[Elpbin], rested in Christ. 


Kalends of Jan. upon Thursday, 5th of the moon, A.D. [1232 Bis.] 
1232. Aedh Ua Ferghail, chief of Muinnter-Angaile, was 
killed 1 by his own kinsmen. Maghnus, son of Amhlam, 
sou of Tadhg Mac Mailruanaigh, candle of generosity and 
valour and piety, rested in Christ. A hosting by William 
de Burgh to the castle of Bun-Gaillbi, so that they built a 
castle there. Defeat was inflicted by "the Territories" on 
Conchobur, son of Aedh, son of Ruadhri [Ua Conchobair], 
so that Conchobur [himself] and Gilla-Crist son of Donn- 
chadh [Mac Diarmata] and many others were slain there. 
Donnchadh, son of Tomaitach Mac Diarmata, rested in 
Christ. The son of Niall Ua Gailmredhaigh (namely, 
Concobur), chief of Cenel-Moen, rested in Christ. Con- 
secration of the church of Cell-mor [took place] 2 and 
Canons were established in the same place by Conn 
Ua Flannaga[i]n, A hosting by Domnall Ua Lochlainn, 

1232. ' Killed. According to the 
Annals of Loch Ce (ad an.), he was 
burned (in an ignited house) in the 
island of Loch Guile (in Annaly), 
co. Longford, the territory of the 

2 [Took place}. By Donough 
O'Conor, bishop of Elphin (Annals 
of Loch Ce, ad an.'). O'Flannagan 
(ib.~) was prior of Kilmore (about 
six miles east of Elphin O'Donovan, 
P.M. iii. 261). 


cctmoclcc ulcroti. 

la "Oomnall ht1a loclainn, la fii| Ceniuil-eogain, co 
n-^altcut5 7 co n-^ai-belaiC Tin-Conaill T>'ap'mill mop 
1 pdnaic 7 i "Gip-Chonaill 7 -o'a cue bpai^ci *Oomncnll 
hUi baipll 7 hUi "Caipce[i]pc laip. 8lua|;aT> la Mia 
n -"Oomnall ipin bbaftain cecna 1 "Gip-n 6050111, co piacc 
^nla[c]-noc, -o'ap'mapb bu 7 Tyap'loipcapbanna7T/ap'- 
inill mop apcena ipin rip 7 caimc afi cul co co^upac. 
Ociif ifiti blia^ain cecna fioaifi^ lom^[a]ip Cemuil- 
eogain TTli-feba-o 7 6051 in'f 7 -oofiala buiiten DO Chenel- 
Conaill im mac 11edl hUi *Oomnaill cucu 7 -D'ap'la-5 
a]i na lomgi'i 7 T>'a|i'mafib<rB mac MeilL' 

ConcuCaip, |ii Connacc, *oo gabail 7>o 
a blific, a TTIilic, a pill 7 ^156 Conn ace T>O CCe-o 
mac HuaiDpi anif. g ) 

]Cal. 1an. [un.* p., 1. xui.,'] CCnno T)omini TT1 . cc. xxx. 
111." SluagaT) la ^eifilimif) 1 lilla Concobinn. 1 Con- 
, co n-T>ecaiT> Cofiinac, mac 'Comalcai^ i n-a 
cocucleiye i ITIa^-Luifis, co n-T)en,na longpopc 
ic 3 t)fio!m-jpe5f l cn'6e 7 co cainic Copmac 7 Concobun. 
amac 7 na rni "Cuaca 7 -oa mac TTIuipcenrais TTlic 
"Oiafimaea, icon, "Oonnca'D 7 TTluiiicencac. Octif if i 
comuinli T>ofionpar : cocci 4 n-Diaig CCe-oa, micRuai'Ofii 7 
cucfxa; maiT>m pop CCe-o, mac Rua-oni, ami, 1-oon, pop 

A.D. 1232. om., B, C. -n. t. h. ( A; om., B, C. 
A.D. 1233. 1 |?eiT)lirn, A. 'aTKiij (metathesis of 5 and -6), A. '05, 
A. 4 a, B. blank space, A, B. 

3 Wat killed The final entry of 
this year in D is : Eodem anno, pauper- 
rimi Fratres, quos Minoritas vocant, 
venierunt (sic) in Hiberniam. 

4 Feidhlim, etc. About the end of 
August of this year, Henry III. 
wrote to de Burgh, the justiciary, 
that he had been informed that de 
Burgh seized, imprisoned, and griev- 
ously and shamefully treated Frethe- 
lin (Feidhlim), son of a former king i 

of Connaught. He was commanded 
to liberate Feidlim, on his finding 
sureties to abide anything laid to 
his charge and to certifj' why he had 
been imprisoned (D. /., I. 1975). 
In consequence, doubtless, of this 
mandate, Feidhlim (according to the 
Annals of Loch Ce and the initial 
entry of the following year) was 
set at liberty. His seizure was 
perhaps one of the reasons why de 



[namely] by the king of Cenel-Eogain, along with the [1232] 
Foreigners and with the Gaidhil, into Tir-Conaill, whereby 
he destroyed much in Fanat and in Tir-Conaill and took 
away the hostages of Domnall Ua Baighill and of Ua Tair- 
cheirt with him. A hosting by Ua Domnaill in the same 
year into Tir-Eogain, until he reached Tulach-oc, whereby 
he killed cows and burned crops and destroyed much 
besides in the country and he came back triumphantly. 
And in the same year the fleet of Cenel-Conaill harried, 
Midbadh and Eagh-inis and a party of the Cenel-Conaill ) 
under the son of Niall Ua Domnaill, came upon them and 
thereby was caused destruction of the fleet and the son of 
Niall wai=f killed. 3 

(Feidhlim 4 O'Concubhair, king of Connacht, was taken 
prisoner by Richard de Burgh in Milic, in treachery and the 
kingship of Connacht [reverted thereby] to Aedh, son of 
Ruaidhri [Ua Conchobair],again.) 

Kalends of Jan. o-n 17th feria, 16th of the moon, A.D. [1233] 
1233. A hosting by Feidhlimidh Ua Conchobuir into 
Connacht, until Cor mac, son of Tomaltach [Mac Diarmata], 
went to meet him, so that he [Cormac] took him with him 
into Magh-Luirg and formed a camp at Druim-Gregraidhe 
and there came out 1 Cormac and Conchobur [his son] and 
the three Territories and the two sons of Mac Diarmata, 
namely, Donnchadh and Muircertach. And the counsel 
they adopted was to go in pursuit of Aedh, son of 
Ruaidhri [Ua Conchobair]. And they inflicted defeat in 
that place upon Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, that is, upon the 

Burgh was deprived of the office of 
justiciary in the beginning of the 
following month ('&., 1977). 

1233. 1 Out. Amach in the ori- 
ginal ; the lection followed by C. 
D has filius eiusdem ; that is, the 

translator's text was a mhac, mean- 
ing 1 that Conchubar was son of 
Cormac. The Annals of Loch Ceand 
the Four Masters have the same 


A 59o 



pig Connacc, sup'mapba-o e pein 7 CCe-6 ITluimnec, mac 
Ruai-fcpi 7 a mac 7 "Oonnca-fc mop, mac "Oiapmaca, mic 
Ruaiiipi | 7 "oaine imfa[i] aib, 5 lap papii^u^) Tip- 
baicin 7 tap. n-a flac T>'CCei> TYluirrmec 7 lap 6 plan 
cealL 7 eclup n-imfta aile, 7 5up'cuicpec b pein 1 n-einec 
ceall 7 naerti ConnacV" Caifcel-na-CaiUie 7 caifcel 
bona-na-^ailLCi DO j^aitef) la pei'5tifni'6 liUa Con- 
cobuip. Uilbam T>e Laci 7 Sefilup, mac Caixnl hlli 
Concobui|i 7 ^oitl imTa[i] | T)O majiba-b la rninnntifi- 
Raigillais 8 i Tnonai^-cpanncani. TTlael-lffu I'Ua 
THaenai, uafalfacayic pogaba-D a falcaifi gac n-aen 

"Oai)ii, aifianneac "Oaifie Colin in -ci lie, in 

bean T)ominici. c ) 

]Cal. 1an. [i. a p., I. xxun.,"] CCnno "Domini 1TI 
1111. CCilin, mac Uccpais, pi ^all-^aiftel, mopcu[u]p 
ope. *0orrmall, b mac CCefta hUi Meill, pi Ceneoil- 
6050111 7 aftbup pi Gperm, t>o mapbcro T>O TTlhac 
Loclamn 1 7 *oo Cbenel-Go^ain pein. 2 CCe'D bUaliOa^pa, 
pic Luigne/ "DO mapba-5 le 'Donnca'D btla n-Gagpa. 
Snecra mop erep T>d "Motlaic ifin bliar>ain fin. u 8icc 
mop -o'a eip, co n-imcir;ip -oaine 7 eic po n-eipi6 ap 
7 ap locaiB 3 Gpenn. 1 "Oiapmaic hlla Cuin-o, 
TTluirmT;epi-bCCn|;aile, DO" mapba'D." Cac TM> 

B aile, A. 6 ayx upon (temporal), B. r ele, A. 8 Rai5alt-, B. b ' b om., 
B, C, D. c -t. m., n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1234. 1 Lac-, B. 3 |xtT>ein, B. 'lacaiB, A. M on blank space, 
A, B. b This entry follows the CCer> item, B, C, D. c -om., A. d p 
this, B. Tnop.cuup epc, B ; " died," C. This and the 
and TDaet-pecaip. entries are omitted in D. 

2 Caitle of the Hag. Cabtrum 
vetule, D. 

3 Monach-cranncain. Bog of beau- 

tiful trees. Grunna crannchayn, P. 
At 855 [ = 856] supra, Bettum Gron- 
nae m aynae is the Latin rendering 



king of Connacht ; so that he himself was killed and Aedh [1233] 
the Momonian, son of Ruaidhri and his son and Donnchadh 
Mor, son of Diarmait, eon of Ruaidhri and many other 
persons [were killed], after the profaning of Tech-Baithin 
and after the pillaging thereof by Aedh the Momonian 
and after the pillaging of many other abbeys and 
churches ; so that they themselves fell in atonement of X-ftv /k * 
the churches and saints of Connacht. The Castle of the 
Hag 2 and the Castle of Bun-na-Gaillbhi were razed by 
Feidhlimidh Ua Conchobuir. William De Lacy and 
Charles, son of Cathal Ua Conchobuir and many 
Foreigners were killed by the Muinnter-Raighillaigh in 
Monach-cranncain 3 . Mael-Isu Ua Maenaigh, an eminent 
priest that used to recite his Psalter every day, save 
Sunday, rested in Christ. Geoffrey Ua Daighri, herenagh * 
of Daire of [St.] Colum-cille, rested in Christ. 
(Translation 4 [of the body] of Blessed Dominick.) 

Kalends of Jan. [on 1st feria, 27th of the moon,] A.D' [1234] 
1234. Aillin, son of Uchtrach, king of the Foreign- 
Gaidhil, died. Domnall, son of Aedh Ua Neill, king of 
Cenel-Eogain and future king of Ireland, was killed by 
Mac Lochlainn and by the Cenel-Eogain themselves. 
Aedh Ua Eaghra, king of Luighni, was killed by 
Dorinchadh Ua Eaghra. Great snow between the two 
Nativities [Dec. 25 Jan. 6] in that year. Great frost 
thereafter, so that persons and horses went under .burdens 
upon the rivers and lakes of Ireland. Diarmait Ua Cuinn, 
chief of Muinnter-Angaile, was killed. A battle was 

of Cath Mona-moire Battle of 
Moin-mor (big bog). 

4 Translation, etc. On May 24, 
Tuesday in Whitsun week, of this 
year, during a general Chapter of the 
Order,' the body of St. Dominick was 
transferred with imposing ceremonial 

to a more befitting receptacle in the 
church of St. Nicholas, Bologna. 
(See Bzovius in Ann. Eccl., 1233, n. 
5 ; Quetif and Echard : Script. 
Ord. Fred., tab. chron. inter pp. 


ccwicclcc ulcroti. 


B Gib 

cun. T>o'n fnbttnapcal 7 -DO ^allaiB 6n.enn, 
111 1T1 apodal 4 ann. TTIaet-1pfU bUa 
pfiioifi 1nnpi-mic-n-Cfiin, quieuie in Cbfupro. CCenpip 
TDac ille pbinnein, ni pefi-TTlanac, -DO mafibero la 
hUa n-"OomnailL ^illa'-na-naem, mac CCinr hUi 
bftaifl, oin.cinnec Ropa-Comain, quieuic m [Cbpdpco].' 
TTlael-peraifi' blla Capmaca[i]n, maipfcifi Ropa- 
Comain, qineuir: m [Chpifco].' 6ppuc hUa 6 -piacpac, 
hUa 6 TTlail-pa^amaiTi, 6 quieuic m f 

\CaL 1an. [11." p., L ix.,*] CCnio "Domini TTl. cc. o xax 
u. Loclamn, mac ecci^efin bill Ceallai^, *DO 
DO macait5 m illa yimbai^ bill Oai^ilL Stuo5at> mon. 
lepin 5 1 uf ci r 7 t a l^ac Hilliam 1 Connacca, gun.'- 
Tiainipcip na buille 7 co n-'oepna'DUfi cjieac 
i 1 7 "DOcuaiT* lap pm ipin TTlumain, gujVgaB bpaigci 
blh 2 bfiiam 7 cdinic ani[ri]p[i] 1 Connacca 7 co Cala-5 
na-caipsi, 5tiiVpd5[b]a-D in cafciiacc 3 T)6 7 gup'cuip, luce 
coimeca mnn 7 5if>ei) 4 'oopajbaf* 5 afii[n]p[i] i 7 T>O- 

(1p b 

p. in |CalainT> 

T)omnall blla "Netll. b ) 

f.., Locx., a ]CCnno"Oomini Tn. cc.xxcc.ui. 
'oenam lepin ^ niu r ci r 7 ^- e bfiian, | 

mac "Coifipc-oelbaig, 

mnct inroa 

4 -calat first; c was altered to 5 ! A. B 0, A. 6 TTlaeil-, B. "om., 
B, C. room., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1235. ^rveici, B. 2 1, A. * -05, A, 4 groec (that is, the 
siglum for ec with dot overhead, u*ed frequently for ef>), B ; gi-oeaf), A. 
8 -ga-o, A. "blank space, A, B. ^ t. m., t. h., A ; om., B. C. D. 

A.D. 1236. J bjxoi-oe, B. * blank space, A, B. 

1 234. 1 Marechal Richard, Earl 
of Pembroke. See the graphic 
account in Gilbert's Viceroy t, p. 93, 

s Ua Domnaill. D. adds : vide- 

licet Donaldum magnum O'Donill, 
qui tune sibi subiecit omnes in- 
habitantes illius patriae, ita ut sibi 
et eiu8filioj3Q5t_ipaum- in omnibus ~* 
parerent concorditer ut suae patrie 



fought between the Marechal 1 and the Foreigners of [1234] 
Ireland, so that the Marechal was killed therein. Mael- 
Isu Ua Gormgaile, prior of Inis-mic-nErin, rested in 
Christ. Oenghus Mac Gille-Fhinnein, king of Fir- 
Man ach, was killed by Ua Domnaill. 2 Grilla-na-naem, son 
of Art Ua Brain, herenagh of Ros-Comain, rested in 
Christ. Mael-Petair Ua Carmaca[ijn, Master [of the 
school] of Ros-Comain, rested in Christ. The bishop of 
Ui-Fiachrach [Kilmacduagh], Ua Mailfhaghamhair, rested 
in Christ. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 2nd feria, 9th of the moon,] A.D. [1235] 

1235. Lochlainn, son of Echtigern Ua Ceallaigh, was 
killed by the sons of the Swarthy Gilla Ua Baighill. A 
great hosling by the Justiciary 1 and by Mac William [de 
Burgh] into Connacht, so that they plundered the Mon- 
astery of the Buill and effected the pillaging of Creit, 
And he went after that into Munster, until he received 
the pledges of Ua .Briain and he came again into 
Connacht, to the Ferry of the Rock, so that the Rock was 
abandoned to him and he placed a party of guards 
therein. Notwithstanding, it was abandoned again and 
pulled down. 

(It is in [lit , on] this year comes [the death of] Domnall 
Ua Neill. 2 ) 

Kalends of Jan. [on 3rd feria, 20th of the moon,] A.D, [1236 Bis,] 

1236. The pillaging of Sligech was done by the Jus- 
ticiary and by Brian, son of Toirrdhelbach [Ua Con- 

homines; qua conditione O'Donill 
remisit illis oranes retroactaa iuiurias 
et damna quaecunque, pro quorum 
satisfaction illi suas terras et semet- 
ipsos eidem perpetuo tradiderunt. 

The original of this I have been 
unable to find. 

1235. x Justiciary. Maurice, son 
of Gerald Fitz Gerald. 

2 Domnall Ua Neill.'S.e is said 
in the text to have been killed in 
the preceding year. This note is 
intended to be a correction of that 




5illa-pacn.aic b TTlac 
511 pa, moficuup efc. b 

]CaL1an. [u.'p., L i.,*] CCnno "Domini TTI. cc. xxx. un. 
Cpec Henna-Tjinn 7>o -oemim ta pei'olimi'5 tilla Con- 
cobain. 1 ocup'5 Concobun. buiT>e, mac "Goinji- 
&elbai 7 'Ca^, mac Cofimaic. Ocup cam 15 m ^lu^rif 
co "Centnonn-Cail-pnT) 2 7 DoloifceT) in baile 7 ooloifceT) 
rempolt 1mli5-U-tlocaf>a. mai-om Cluana-ca[ra] rue 
peiT>timii) 3 an. macaiB RuaTfii 7 afi Concobup, mac 
Cofimaic- 'Comd|- bUa Rua-oa^Jn, eppuc Lui^ne, 
quieuic m [Chfiipco]. Ofpuc Conmaicne, n>on, hlta 
ronrnai-5, quieuic in [C1i]\ifco]. fnuificepcac TTlac 
(mic b Uuai||ii b ), quieuic in [Chfiiy-co] (no, c TM> 

]Cal. 1an. [ui. a p., 1. xii.'] CCnno T)omim m. cc. 

uni. "Oonnca-o uaicnec, mac CCe-5a, mic Ruai-5fii, -DO 

mapba-o T>O "Cba-Dj, mac CCe-oa, mic Caail ciaoiB-De[i]n5. 

"Oonnca"5, mac "Ouapcain hUi ein.a, TK> man.baT> T>'a 

AGOa bfiairfii!5. | Sluaa'5 l mop DocuaDUja 5 a1 ^* 1 Cenel- 

A.D. 1236. fc-fcom^C.D. 

A.D. 1237. 1 -buiyi, A. -lainn, A. Perolim, A, " blank space, 
A, B. >->>itl M D. t. h., A ; cm., B, C, D. <~n. t. h.. A; om., P, C, D. 
A.D. 1238. i&nog, B. a ^oilt, B. "blank fpace, A, B. 

1236. ^Captive. After this entry, 
D has : Eodem anno Sanctua Fran- 
circus mortuus est. I do not know 
any saint of the name who died in 
this year. 

1237. 1 Ua Ruadhain.O'Ru&n, 
f ; O'Ruanj, D. The inflected d 
was omitted in pronunciation,. 

2 Ua Tormaidh. In the Annals of 
T^och Ce (ad an.), his Christian name 
is given as Gilla-Isu. Having ob- 
tained confirmation of his appoint- 
ment from the primate (1230, note 
1, tupra), he, according to bishop 

Jocelin, collected an armed force and 
burned the episcopal houses, to- 
gether with the fort, or close (cas- 
trum), of Ardagh church ; thereby 
destroying the stone (round ?) tower 
of the cathedral (quandam eiua 
turriiu lapideam). 

1 hen proceeding against the 
bishop, who was being vested for 
celebration uf the divine offices, 
Gelasius would presumably have 
slain him and his, had they not 
provided for themselves by flight. 
Thus expelled, Jocelin proceeded 



chobair], so that they took away many women captive. 1 [1236] 
Gilla-Patraic Mac Gillaroid, chief of Cenel-Oengusa, died. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 5th feria, 1st of the moon,] A.I>. [_i237] 

1237. The pillaging of Rinn-duin was done by Feidh- 
limidh Ua Conchobair and there were killed Conchobur 
the Tawny, son of Toirrdelbach. and Tadhg, son of 
Cormac. And the Justiciary came to the Termon of [St.] 
Cailfhinn and the town was burned and the church of 
Imlech-Ua-Rochadha was burned. The defeat of Cluain- 
Ca[tha] was inflicted by Feidhlimidh upon the sons of 
Ruaidhri and on Conchobur, son of Cormac [Mac Diarmata]- 
Thomas Ua' Ruadhain, 1 bishop of Luighni [Achonry], 
rested in Christ. The bishop of Conmaicni [Ardagh], 
Ua Tormaidh, 2 rested in Christ. Muircertach (son of 
Ruaighri) Mac Diarmata, rested in Christ (or, was killed 3 ). 

Kalends of Jan. [on 6th feria, 12th of the moon,] A.D. [1233] 

1238. Donnchadh, of Uaithne, 1 son of Aedh, son of 
Ruaidhri [Ua Conchobair], was killed by Tadhg, son of 
Aedh, son of Cathal Red-Hand 2 . Donnchadh, son of 
Duarcan Ua Eaghra, was killed by his kinsmen. The 
Foreigners went upon a gr'eat hosting into Cenel-Eogain. 

to the Curia for redress. The 
judges appointed by Gregory IX. 
were the archbishop of Dublin, the 
bishop of Ossory and the prior of 
All Saints, Dublin. (Theiner, ubi 
sup. p. 30-1.) O'Tormey, it seems 
probable, died before the proceed- 
ings were brought to a close, leav- 
ing Jocelin in undisputed posses- 

On a review of all the circum- 
stances, it seems impossible to 
acquit Donatus, archbishop of Ar- 
magh, of grave dereliction of duty. A 
question to be decided amicably 

by canonical process he thrice de- 
liberately submitted to the arbitra- 
ment of force. 

The total silence of the native 
Annals respecting a contest of such 
duration and violence is remarkable. 

3 Was killed. This, according to 
the Annals of Loch Ce, is the true 

1238. 1 Of Uaithne. So called 
perhaps from -having been fostered 
in Uaithne (Owney and Owney- 
beg, co. Limerick ; O'Donovan, 
Baok of Rights, p. 45). 

2 Red - Hand. Scabidi, D. The 


ccuuGclcc ulcroTi. 

n-6osam. plaibeficac b TTlac Carinail, ajvocoifec Cen- 
e[oi]l-pena-oat$, bafificnfcv6 7 eini5 ae '^ 1u ^[ 
roifec -ocmo Clamm-Consaile 7 0-Cennjx>-oa hi 
TTlanac, a -DO "Oonnca-o TTlac Cacmail, T/a 
bfiataifi pem, 1 mea15ail. b 

]Cal 1an. [un.* p., L xxiii. m ] CCnno "Domini TT) . cc. xxx. 
ix. Car Cainn-Sia-oait 1 cue "Oomnalt TTlas LacLamn, 
7>u mafi'mafibcrD 8 "Oorrmall "CaTTinaisi Ueill 7 TTlag 
Tllar^arnna 7 mairi Cbeniuil-TTIoen 3 uile 7 focaitte aile 7 
in 4 btiaf>ain tieime y-in e (1-0011," "Oomnall 
lactainn b ) 7 -005(16 afii[ci]f[i] an ]iii cerna a 
haicb m[T)J ma-Dmu moiji fin cue. 

B6ic[b T> ] ]cal. 1an. [i.* p, t. 1111.*] OCnno *0omini 171 cc. xL 
pefolinrnT) Ua 1 Concobui]! -DO t>ul caifiip co cec fii 8axan 
7 cue on 01 n 7 ninna-o 4 mon leif. Cofimac, mac Tx>maL- 
caij, -DO aqn^a-D ifin blia^ain fin. 8 penpal, mac Con- 
connacc (1 b Uai5iUi b ), -DO mctpba-b ta TTlael]iuanai5, 
mac pen.ail (7 b la Concubufi, mac Cofimaic b ). "Oonn- 
ca-5, mac muificen*;ai5, -DO ^aCaiL pi^i 4 na Cainftsi. 
^itla-na-naern *0]iea[i]n, oin.cinnec. CCfiT)a-capna, 
quieinc in c [Chpifco ]. 

("Oominuf d CCLbenicuf . a^icbiepifcopuf CCfi7>macbanuf, 
m CCngtia in CC^T)macbanum confecpactif epc apcbi- 

A.D. 1238. b-b om., A ; perhaps, as it was the last item, by oversight. 
Given in C, D. 

A.D. 1239. 1 -c8i-, A. a arx'maiitxro, A. Cenel-, B. 4 an, B. 
* blank space, A, B. b - b itl., t. h., A. ; om. B, C, D. 

A.D. 1210. 'O, A. 2 ixigTiiitro, B. *pthii, B. *^, A. (Scribe 
perhaps thought the meauing was that Donnchadh took (captured) the 
jking, instead of took (assumed) the kingship], blank space, A, B. 
* b itl., n. t. h., A; om., B, C, D. "cm., B, C, D. ** n. t. h., A;om., 

translator, by a lapse of memory, was probably reared in Tawny 

took Cathal Carrach for Cathal (Tamhnach), co. Fermanagh. 

Croib-derg (Red-hand). 2 More. Et aliis qui hie non 

1239. i Of Tamnach. O'Neill numerantur, D. 



Flaithbertach Mac Cathmail, arch-chief of Cenel- [1238] 
Feradhaigh, crown of championship and generosity of the 
Gaidhil and arch-chief, moreover, of Clann-Conghaile and 
Ui-Cennfhoda in Tir-Manach, was killed by Donnchadh 
Mac Cathmail. by his own kinsman, in treachery. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 7th feria, 23rd of the moon,] A.D. [1239] 

1239. The battle of Carn-Siadhail was fought by Domnall 
Mag Lachlainn, wherein was killed Domnall O'Neill of 
Tamnach, 1 and Mag Mathgamna and the nobility of all 
Cenel-Moen and a multitude more 2 [were slain]. And he 
(namely, Domnall Mag Lachlainn) had been dethroned 
the year before 3 that and he assumed the same kingship 
again, on the morrow of that great defeat he inflicted. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 1st feria, 4th of the moon,] A.D. [1240 Bis.] 

1240. Feidhlimidh Ua Conchobuir went across to the house 
of the king of the Saxons and brought [back] great honour 
and respect with him. Cormac, son of Tomaltach [Mac 
Diarmata], was dethroned in that year. Ferghal, son of 
Cu-Connacht (O'Raighaillaigh), was killed by Mael- 
ruanaigh, son of Ferghal (and by Conchubur, son of 
Cormac [Mac Diarmata]). Donnchadh, son of Muircer- 
tach [Mac Diarmata] took the kingship of the Rock. 
Gilla-na-naemh Drea[i]n, herenagh of Ard-carna, rested 
in Christ. 

(The Lord Alberic [Albert], archbishop of Ard-Macha, 
was consecrated in England 1 into the archbishopric of 

3 The year before. That is, by the 
force mentioned in the second entry 
of the preceding year. 

1240. l Consecrated in England. 
This can only signify that Albert 
(of Cologne) was in England when 
appointed primate. On Jan. 3. 

1241. Henry III. granted him 
letters of protection in going to 
Ireland. (Z>. /., I. 2503.) 

He had been bishop of Bremen. 
Albertus, Livoniensis episcopus, 
obiit. Et Bremensis ecclesia, iure 
suo potita, Albertum, Bremen sem 
scholasticum, in episcopum elegit ; 
qui postea factus est Primas in 
Hibernia (Annal. Stadenses A.D. 
1228-9. Mon. Germ. Hist. 
Script, xvi. 360). Subsequently he 
became a Dominican and was Pro- 



epipcopacum. 8aTjt5, mgon 1 CheinneTji|, ben "Donn- 
cafca Caipppi-6 tli bpiain, -ohec. CCe^, mac itla-cpuim 
1 8hecnupai, [T>O mapba-5 ta] ConcuCap, mac CCe-fea, 
mic Carait 

1an. [in.'p., L xu-*], CCnno T)omini TT1. cc. xL i. 
"Oomnatl m6p hUa 1 "Oomnaitl, pi Thipe-Connaitl 7 
pep b -TTlanac 7 Caipppi 7 CCip|iall o Chlap antiap, b a eg 
pe ha-Dapc lap m-bpei buaiT>e o 7>oman 7 o e -beman 7 a 
axmacal a TT1 aim peep Gpa-puai-o. Ca Caimeip^i cue 
bpian Neill 7* 1TlaeL-8ecLainn "Oomnaill, pi 
Cemuil-Conaill, T>O "Oomnall TTlas LacLainn, T>O pi 
'Cipe-heosain^up'mapba'D "Oomnatl TDds Loclainn ann 
7 *oeicnebup 2 "o'a T>ejibpne pem ime 7 eaipi Cennnl- 
eogain uite 7 -oaine main im-oafi] aib pop 7' pi|i -DO 
j^abail -DO bpian HeilWaeip. 6 

(TTlupcaf>' plaiebepeai-D, eppuc eanai'D-'DUinn, 7 
Thapmaii;, mac TTIasnupa mic 'Coipp'oelCais 7 TO-DS, 
mac Uuaif>pi 1 ^a-bpa, 111 Chpipco quieuepunc hoc anno.') 

B, C, D. The words in square brackets, being illegible in the MS., 
tire supplied from the Annals of Loch Ce (ad an.). 

A.D. 1241. 1 O, B. a -neabufx, B. blank space, A, B. " om., A. In 
the MS., a blank space=8 letters is left. Given in B, C, D. O m., A. f -DO 
to, with no, 7 or, and overhead, t. h. (signifying that Mael-Sechlainn 
was the ally, not opponent, of Brian), B. - om., A. " n. t. h., A ; om., 
B, C, D. 

vincial in England at the date in 
the text. (See the additional 
entries respecting him under 1242, 
1246, infra.) 

*Sadhb; Aedh. Given in the 
Annals of Loch Ce (ad an.). 

* Gilla-crom. The stooped gillie. 

1241. 1 Domnall mor.D adds : 
nlius violentis O'DoniL The trans- 
lator perhaps took Egnaelian, which 
was the name of his father, to 
signify violent. 

2 The Plain. "The plain here 

referred to is Machaire Oirghiall, 
or the level part of the county of 
Lout h, which was then in the pos- 
session of the English" (0' Donovan, 
F. M. iii. 302). 

8 On thepilloic. That is, a peace- 
ful death from natural causes. D 
gives : mortuus est in habitu cani 
monachi. Illeque Donaldus magnus 
diminuit extorsione* aliaque onera 
suis subditis, et omnia tarn perfects 
in sua patria in ciuili gubernacionis 
forma reducta et certis utilibus 



Ard-Macha. Sadhb, 2 daughter of O'Ceinnedigh, wife of 
Donnchadh Cairpredh Ua Briain, died. Aedh, 2 son of 
Gilla-crom 3 O'Shechnusaigh [was killed by] Conchubhar, 
son of Aedh, son of Cathal Red-Hand [Ua Conchobair].) 

Kalends of Jan. [on 3rd feria, 15th of the moon,] A.D. 
1241. Domnall Mor 1 Ua Domnaill, king of Tir-Conaill 
and Fir-Manach and Cairpri and Airghialla from the 
Plain 2 downwards, died on the pillow, 3 after bringing 
victory from the world and from the demon and he was 
buried in the Monastery of Es-ruadh. The battle of Cam- 
eirghi was given by Brian O'Neill and Mael-Sechlainn 
O'Domnaill, ting of Cenel-Conaill, to Domnall Mag 
Lochlainn, [namely] to the king of Tir-Eogain, so that 
Domnall Mag Lochlainn was killed therein and ten of his 
own tribe around him and all the chiefs of Cenel-Eogain 
and many other good persons likewise. And the kingship 
was taken by Brian O'Neill after him. 

(Murchadh 4 OTlaithbertaidh, bishop of Eanadh-duin, 
and Diarmait, son of Magnus, son of Toirrdelbach [Ua 
Conchobair], and Tadhg, son of Euaidhri O'Gadhra, rested 
in Christ.) 

constitutionibus de consilio pro- 
cerum eiusdem pro communi usu 
inter dominos et subditos tenentes 
factia et confirmatis in sua vita 
egit, ut communi hominum estima- 
tione nemo ex eius generatione a 
tempore Odonis Mac[-ic] Aynmeragh 
tarn bene rexit ita ut similis 
Cowyn centum bellorum in bellis ex- 
tirpandis ac Cormaco, filio eiusdem, 
in equitate iudiciorum ac Arthuro 
Hynir in extirpandis et rejiciendis 
foraneis et dignus socius Brian 
Boravo in bellicosis actibus et re- 
ligione retinenda diceretur. Cuius 
bonorurn operum fructu regnum 
Connallie vicit et reliquit suis 

>posteris. Cui successit filius eius, 

The original of the foregoing I 
have not found. His death as a 
Grey (Cistercian) monk and the 
comparisons, with exception of the 
first, are given in the Annals of 
Loch Ce (ad an.). Aed, son of 
Ainmire, was slain in 597(-8), supra. 
Conn of the hundred battles, Art 
Aenfhir (the lonely), his son and 
Cormac, son of Art [not of Conn, as 
in D], were kings of Ireland who 
lived in the second century (A.D.). 
Brian Boruma was slain in the 
battle of Clontarf, 1014, supra. 

4 Murchadh, etc. These three 

u 2 





]CaU 1an. [1111.* p., 1. xxui.'], CCnno "Domini xt. 
11. "Oonncaft Caifibpec btla bfitaifl 7 a mac, TToifin- 
feetbac, 1 TX> eg 1 n-aen bliaT>ain. bfiian htJa 2 "Oufroa, 
A cob pi bUa 2 -piaqaac 7 bUa 2 -nCCmalait> | -DO eg ipin blia-oain 
cecna. Sluaige-B mop tepin 5 1u r ci r 7 te Peifclimi-b 
bUa 2 ConcoCain. 1 'Cifi-Concnll i 8 n-Dea^ai-5 "Chains blli 
Concobain, sufi'sabpar; bpai^oi 4 blli 5 "Oomnaill -oo'n 
cup. fin. "Ca-D^btla 2 ConcoCaip-oosaBaitte Coin-Cbon- 
nacc btla 2 Ra^altais qie pufiait pbei-olimi'-o in bba-oain 
cecna pop. 

(CCbbeafia, b ai^-oeppcop CCnTa-TTlaca, -DO -bul a Sax- 
anait). Ugo -oe Lcici, lapla tlla-D, quieuic. b ). 

B6ld ]cal. 1an. (p.* 5, 1. 7 4 ), CCnno "Domini TT1. cc. xL 
111. Con.mac, mac 'Comalcai^, TDO ^abail le "Ca-og (mac b 

A.D. 1242. i -T>eal-, A. 2 O, A. 3 a, A. 4 --oe, A, 8 1, A. "blank 
space, A, B. ^ n. t. h., A ; om. B, C, D. 

A.D. 1243. - a n. t. h., on blank space left by first scribe, A; om., 
B. " itl., n. t. h., A; om., B, C, D. 

obits are given in the Annals of 
Loch Ce (ad an.). 

1242. J Donnchadh. Thus in D : 
Donatus Carribragh O'Brien, rex 
Momonie ac legilimus heres Brien 
Borui[mh]e in defendendo et re- 
tiiiendo nomen, dignitatem, fidem 
et famara Momouiensium et prin- 
cipale sustentaculum gubernacionis 
Hiberuie, una cum filio suo, Ter- 
lagh, qui expectatus rex erat 
Momonie, mortuus est. 

The foregoing is apparently ex- 
panded from the obit in the Annul* 
of Loch Ce (ad an.), in which 
Donnchadh is called the supporter 
of the faith and fame of the Half 
of Mogh and tower of splendour 
and pre-eminence of the touth of 

Donnchad's zeal once produced 

an unexpected result. In a Letter 
addressed to the bishops of Annagh- 
down and Clonfert (dated Jan. 10, 
1244), Innocent IV. appoints them 
judges in a complaint made by the 
bitihop of Killaloe against the arch- 
bishop of Cashel. After his con- 
secration, Richard de Burgh, the 
Justiciary, retained the regalia, 
refusing to give them up, except 
on payment of a sum of money. 
Whereupon the bishop threatened 
to excommunicate any one paying 
the mulct. Verum quia tandem, 
ipso penitus ignorante, a nobili viro, 
D. Carbrech, domino Tuadomonie, 
Laoniensis diocesis, contra in- 
hibitionem huiusmodi dicta fuit per- 
soluta pecunia, et per consequens 
prefata regalia eidem epiacopo 
restituta, idem archiepiacopus, 



Kalends of Jan. [on 4th feria. 26th of the moon,] A.D. [1242] 

1242. Donnchadh 1 Cairbrech Ua Briain and his son? 
Toirrdhelbach, died in the same year. Brian Ua Dubhda, 
king of Ui-Fiachrach and Ui-Amhalgaidh, died in the 
same year. A great hosting by the Justiciary and by 
Feidhlimidh Ua Conchobhair into Tir-Connaill, in pursuit 
of Tadhg Ua Conchobair, so that 2 they received the 
hostages of Ua Domnaill en that occasion. Tadhg Ua 
Conchobhair was taken prisoner by Cu-Connacht Ua 
Raghallaigh, by direction of Feidhlimidh, this year also. 

(Alberic [Albert], archbishop of Armagh, went into 
Saxon-land. 3 Hugh De Lacy, 4 Earl of Ulster, rested.) 

Kalends of Jan. (en 5th feria, 7th of the moon,) A.U. [1243] 

1243. Cormac, son of Tomaltach [Mac Diarmata], was 

contra eum [episcopum] ex alia 
causa rancore concepto, ipsum ex 
hoc reepersum labe symoniaca re- 
putat et multiplici molestatione per- 
turbat. (Theiner, ubi sup., p. 43.) 

2 So that, etc. In D: Et licet 
inulta damna intulerunt patrie, 
tamen defecerunt ex desiderio, quia 
Thadeus eis traditus non f uit. Sed 
postea Connassius O'Raylii eundem 
Thadeum ad requisitum Fielmei 
I Conor in vinculis detinuit. 

The last sentence is the rendering 
of the textual Tadhg item. 

3 Went into Saxon-land. The 
object of this journey appears from a 
mandate of Henry III. (St. Sever, 
May 6, 1243) to the justiciary of 
Ireland. A[lbert], archbishop of 
Armagh, had lately come to the king 
in Gascony, demanding, in right of 
his church, restitution of Drogheda, 
Louth and other vills, and of the 
manor of Nobber (co. Meath), this 
last having belonged to Hugh de 

Lacy, late Earl of "Ulster. Fitz 
Gerald was commanded to take with 
him the treasurer of Ireland and the 
Seneschal of Meath and enquire into 
the archiepiscopal rights ; which the 
king neither will, nor ought to, 
subtract from. (D. L, I. 2618). 

4 Hugh de Lacy. Erroneously 
given under next year in the Annals 
of Loch Ce. Henry III. wrote to 
the justiciary of Ireland (Bordeaux, 
Feb. 8, 1243) that, by law and 
custom of Ireland, the king may 
distrain widows by their lands to 
take husbands of the king's choice, 
provided the widows be not dis- 
paraged. Fitz Gerald is com- 
manded that, if A[melina], widow 
of Hugh de Lacy, will not marry 
Stephen Longespee, as the king had 
requested her, he shall distrain her 
to do so, according to the custom of 
Ireland. (D. L, I. 2600). De 
Lacy must accordingly have died in 
the preceding year. 



CCe-oa, mic CacailcpoibT>eips b ) Concobaip 1 ic 2 TTIainif- 
np na binlte 7 a bean, mj;en Tiles Cappcaig, T>O cabaipc 
oo Choin-Connacc Rai^iUai^, 1-oon, macaip "01-05 
pein. "Ga-05 ConcoCaip T>O -DallcrD 7 -DO fboccro T>O 
Coin-Connacc Ra^allai (rpe b pupail ^hall ip 
5aoit>eat b ). CCet" "Ohuifroipma, -DUX na bpe-oca, 
mopcutif epc. c 

atpais d hUa hCCntuain, pi Oinpatl, -DO 
le fai5*Deoip. Connactxic afpD ctaiT>eac. 
mac CCe-ba, mic Carail cpoit>T>eip5, T>O bcrca-5 
c-8inoinn, a^ CCu-ba^. ConcuCan, mac CCeT>a, mic 
Caait cftoib-oeifis, -o'ec. 11 Slua^aT)' [ta] fii Saxan cum pi 
[Pfianc] an bliaDam fi. e ) 

jcal. 1an. (p." 6, t. IS"), CCnno *Oomim m. cc. xL 1111. 
Concobuyi, mac CCeT>a bUi Concobuip, quieuic m 
[Cbfiifco]. Ruaii>fii, mac CCe'oa, a T>efi[b]bnarai[i, T>O 
bcrcuf* ifm c-8mainT). "Oonnca-o btla Concobain, epfcop 
Oil-pnn, 1 m Chfiifco qtneuc. Copmac, mac "Comatraig, 

T>O cuiii-oac T 
hoc anno. c ) 

]Cat 1an. (p.* 1, L 29*), CCnno "Oomini TT1. cc. act u. 
mop ecen. pi 8axan 7 bpeuain 1 in btia-oain fi. 

A.D. 1243. * -bui^v, A. 2 i5, A. e< om., A; given in B, C, D. 
A ~ d n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. e< r. m., n. t. h. (the words in square 
brackets are illegible), A ; om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1244. x Oilepmt), A. n. t. h., on blank space, A; om., B. 
w> om., B, C. D. <~ n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1245. 1 byxea-, 13 "n. t. h., on blank space, A ; om., B. 

1243. 1 By direction, etc. lussu 
supradicti Feilmei, D. 

2 DiedD adds: O'Donill, Moel- 
seaghlin, cum suo excrcitu multa 
damna Tirione intulit et magoam 
prcdam exinde abduxit. The ori- 
ginal is not known to me. 

3 ItuaidJiri. This and the follow- 
ing item are found in the Annals of 
Loch Ce under the ensuing year. 
They seem misplaced here, being 
found in the text at 1244. Or per- 
haps the interpolator considered this 
to be the true year. 



taken prisoner by Tadhg (son of Aedh, son of Cathal Red- |_ 12 43] 
Hand) O'Conchobair, at the Monastery of the Buill and 
his wife [Etain], daughter of [Finghin Mor] Mag 
Carrthaigh, was given to Cu-connacht O'Raighillaigh. 
[She was,] namely, the mother of Tadhg himself. Tadhg 
O'Conchobair was blinded and emasculated by Cu-Con- 
nacht O'Raghallaigh by (direction 1 of Foreigners and 
Gaidhil). Aedh ODuibhdirma, chief of the Bredach, 
died. 2 

(Gilla-Patraig TJa Anluain, king of Oirgialla, was killed 

by a Connacht archer Ruai[dh]ri, 3 

son of Aedh, feon of Cathal Red-Hand, was drowned in 
the Shannon at Ath-liag. Conchubhar, son of Aedh, son 
of Cathal Red-Hand, died. A hosting by the king of the 
Saxons against the king of the Franks this year. 4 ) 

Kalends of Jan. (on 6th feria, 18th of the moon), A.D. [1244 Bis.] 

1244. Conchobur, son of Aedh Ua Conchubuir, rested 1 
in Christ. Ruaidhri; son of Aedh, his brother, was 
drowned in the Shannon. Donnchadh TJa Conchobair, 
bishop of Oilfinn, rested in Christ. Cormac, son of 
Tomaltach [Mac Diarmata], rested in Christ. 

(The castle of Domnaeh-Mhaighean was covered [roofed] 
with stone this 3 r ear.) 

Kalends of Jan. (on 1st feria, 29th of the moon,) A.D. [12451 

1245. Great war 1 between the king of the Saxons and 

4 This year. Given also in the 
Annals of Loch Ce and the Four 
Masters under 1243 ; but errone- 
ously. Henry III. was in Forts- 
mouth on May 5, 1242 (D. 1., I. 
2564) ; in Saintes, June 8 (ib., 
2565) ; in Bordeaux, Sept., 6, 1243 
('6., 2638), and in "Westminster, 
Oct. 12 (ib., 2639). 

1244. * Bested. A (Cistercian) 
monk in the abbey of Boyle, accord- 
ing to the Annals of Loch Ce (ad an.) 

1245. l Great war. Maxima 
gurrarum (sic) comotio inter regem 
Anglic et Brittones, unde vocati 
fuerunt a rege Justiciarius et Fiel- 
meus O'Conchuir in Angliam et 
iverunt, D. 


ocmicclcc ulccoli. 

A coc 

1n ^uifcif -DO -otil Txnnif 7 peifttimii) 2 (i7>on, b a cabain. 
jug 8axan b ) ifin bbaftain fi -p6f. c Caiplen Sli^s 3 -DO 
fcenani te ITIac TYluifur (TTIic d 5en,cnlc d ) ifin bbafain fi. 
(muneaT)' hl1 a hCCnluain -o'elos 1n T loca-an- 
onocai-o cue mifibtnlib pa-opaig.') 

]Cal. 1an. (p." 2,'U 10"), CCnno *0omini m. cc. xL. m. 
ITIac Coifiafiba TTIoctia -DO abait e^pocoi-oe Shit- 
1T) tune-Dais 7 niiVLeijef) a bee -o'a aimpn. -DO |ie j?otlanV 
nu|u-b. "Cainig ^nifcir nuacaifiif 7 fioharfiaisef) 1 TTIac 
TTlinpif. "Ooco^crD | ^omdtca hlla* ConcoCaifi 3 7>ocum 
efpocoiT)e Oil-pniT). Cepball buiTe T)alai^ qtneuic 
111 Chfuyco. 1TltiiicaT> b hCCnluain, fii Oinficefi, -DO 
mapba"D rpe enxnl bjnain htJi 1leilt. b 

2 yeif>lim, A. s 81151-6, B. "> itL, n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. om., P. 
** itl., n. t. h., B ; om., A ; given in D. " The oastle of Sligo was made 
this year," C. e ' c n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1246. ^o tayxiactiseT), B. The contraction 7 = et> is here 
employed in A and B. 2 O, A. 3 -btni\, B. " n. t. h., on blank space 
A ; om., B. l>b om., A ; given in B, C, D. 

J The Justiciary. On Jan. 30, 
1245, Henry III. wrote to Maurice 
Fitz Gerald that David, son of 
Llewellyn, late prince of North 
Wales, broke the treaty of peace 
with the king, invaded the king's 
land of Wales, slew his subjects, 
and tried to seduce the Welsh 
barons from their allegiance. The 
king prays the justiciary, magnates 
and subjects of Ireland (which he 
wishes to share in his conquest) to 
join him in revenging such treachery. 
Fitz Gerald is commanded, amongst 
other matters, to certify what pro- 
vision and force he can despatch to 
the king's aid and to confer with 
the magnates thereupon (Z>. /. , I. 

3 FeidhlimiJh. On March 29, 
1245, letters of safe conduct for one 
year were issued for him, in coining 
to the king. On Oct. 21, 1245, 
letters of protection, dated from the 
camp at Gannoc (Carnarvonshire), 
were granted to him until the king's 
arrival in Ireland (D. /., I. 2738- 

4 Thisyear. D adds : Eodemque 
anno, Moelseaghlen O'Donill, facto 
magno exercitu, iuvasit Anglos et 
Hiberuios inferioris Conacie, a 
quibus multas vaccas aliaque innu- 
mc-ra bona asportarnnt. 

This is given in the Four Masters 
under the present year. 

* Miirchadk. See the last (origi- 
nal) entry of the following year. 


the Britons this year. The Justiciary 2 and Feidhlimidh 3 [1245] 
[Ua Conchobair] went across (that is, in aid of the king 
of the Saxons) in this year 4 also. The castle of Sligech 
was built by Fitz Maurice (Fitz Gerald) in this year. 

(Murchadh 5 Ua hAnluain escaped from the Island of 
Loch-an-Drochaid, 6 through miracles of [St.] Patrick.) 

Kalends of Jan. on 2nd feria, 10th of the moon, A.D. 
1246. The son of the successor of [St.] Mochua 1 took 
[possession of] the bishopric of Sil-Muiredhaigh [Elphin] 
and not [even] a little of his time was left him to govern 
[it]. A new Justiciary 2 came across and Fitz Maurice was 
deposed. 3 Tomaltach TJa Oonchobair was raised 4 to the 
bishopric of Oil-finn [Elphin]. Cerball O'Dalaigh the 
Yellow rested in Christ. Murchadh 0'hA.nluain, king of 
the Oirrthir, was killed by direction of Brian Ua Neill. 


6 Loch-an Drochaid Lake of the 
Bridge. See 1053, note 10, supra. 

1246. 1 Successor of [St.] Mochua. 
That is, abbot of Balla, co. Mayo. 
His name was John O'hUghroin. 
On the death of Donnchadh in* 
1244, supra, John, the archdeacon 
and Thomas O'Cuinn, abbot of 
Roscommon, were elected by the 
dignitaries and the junior canons 
respectively. Both appealed by 
procuration to Innocent IV., who 
was then in Lyons. In a Letter 
addressed to the archbishop of 
Tuam, dated July 3 (1245), the 
Pope decided in favour of John and 
gave a dispensation in the defect 
arising from his having been de 
toluto geniius et soluta. See Annals 
of Loch Ce, 1244-5; to be supple- 
mented and corrected by the Papal 
text in Theiner (ubi sup., p. 44). 

2 Sew Justiciary, John Fitz 
Geoffrey. See Gilbert's Viceroys, 
p. 102. 

3 Deposed. Literally, unkinged. 
" Drawne" C ; D renders : executus 
fuit per regis ministros, which is 
not alone incorrect in the rendering, 
but a gross historical error. In this 
(D) Translation his death is rightly 
given under 1257. 

4 Was raised. On Aug. 26, 1246, 
the royal assent to his election was 
notified to the archbishop of Tuam 
(although, it was added, the dean 
and chapter made the selection 
without first obtaining the king's 
license). (D. I., I. 2844.) 

He was consecrated, according to 
the Annals of Loch Ce } on the Sun- 
day before Septuagesima (Jan. 20) 
of the following year. 


rnmcclo: ulccDti. 

CClmameac, apT>eppcop CCpT>-ITlaca, o'crc- 
cum na tlunj;aipe. 6ppcop Tiaca - tupaig -DO 
cum apT>eppcopoiT>e GCpT>a-TTlaca. c ) 

B62a jCaL 1an. (p.* 3, 1. 21 s ), CCnno T)ommi TTl. cc. xl. 
uii. TTlael-SeclainT) hlla "Oonmaill, pi 'Cipe-Conaill 
7 111 ^itla mumelac JiUa 1 buijill j TTlac Somaipli -DO 
mapbai) te TTlac TTluipip i* m-bel-ara-penais j pogab- 
pac Cenet-Coiiaill fie feccmam comtain in c-ac, najV- 
leigfec ^all na ^aiT>el caifiip *o^> no gufi'i'mifi Cofimac 
hlla 1 Concobaip. ceal^ pa -5eifieT>: n>on,'oocuai'D Conmac, b 
maficptuas, ap. par 3 in muii piap j -Doin-oco 1 aft pin ap 
puc m muii cerna, puap co bopT) in momcis j oocuai'5 
laim pip paip co paimc CCc-cuil-uaine ap m 6ipne. 
Ocup nip'aipi5pec Cen el-Con ai II, co paca-oup in mapc- 
plua mop cuca Wn cait) 4 -o'a paba-oup -oo'n abairn). 
Ocup map 6 -no 6 bi Cenet-ConailL j a n-aipe ap a mapc- 
pluag leic T>'a cul, -Doteispec 7 na ^o\U. 'p an8 a ^ c 
capla Cenel-Conailt 7 m ^\U,a. mumelac hlla 2 
TTlac 8omaipli5 pe TTlac TTluipip i 8 m-bel-au 
cop'coi^pec" ann. c Caiplen TDic ^oipT)e[i]H5 T>O lea-5 
le macaiB CCe-oa hUi ConcoCaip. Caga-o mop T>O -oenam 
DO "Coipp-oelbac (mac d CCe-oa liUi ChoncuBaip d ) 7 -DO na 

pi d ) 7 

macait5 pig (pe d 

inr5a[i] T>O lopcaT> 7 ^01 II imT>a[i] T>O 

A.D. 1246. c ' c n. t. h., A; om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1247. 1 0, A. 2 a, A. 3 puc, B. 4 caeiB, B. 
peated by mistake, A. 7 gup,' teigy^ecup. (so tliat, etc.), B. 
* 8omuiy\.lai5, B. n. t. h., on blank space, A ; om., B. 
c " 5T x ' rna T x ba'D leip icrc so that they were killed by him, B ; followed 
by C. d d itl., n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 


A. Re- 
ipn, B. 
b cm.. A. 

6 [Albert], etc. Postea, idem 
Albertus, scilicet anno 1246, Papa 
Innocentio IV., apud Lugdunuui, 
civitatem Galliae, tune morante, 
logiitus in Pruciam et Livoniam est 
transmissus. Et sequend anno, 

def uncto lohanne episcopo, residen- 
tiam obtinuit in sede Lubicense et 
demum factus archiopiscopus 
Higcnsis (Ann. Stad., ubi sup., p. 

His departure took place early in 



(Aiberic [Albert] 5 the German, archbishop of Ard- [1246] 
Macha, proceeded to Hungary [Prussia]. The bishop of 
Rath-Luraigh was chosen 6 to the archbishopric of Ard- 

Kalends of Jan. (on 3rd feria, 21st of the moon,) A.D. 
1247. Mael-Sechlainn TJa Domnaill, king of Tir-Conaill, 
and the [Wry-Jnecked 1 Gilla TJa Baighill and Mac 
Somairligh were killed by Fitz Maurice in Bel-Atha- 
Senaigh. And the Cenel-Conaill held the Ford for an 
entire week, so that they allowed neither Foreigner nor 
Gaidhel across, until Cormac Ua Conchobair played a 
ruse in the end. That is, Cormac went with the horse - 
host throughout the length of the plain westwards and he 
turned after that upwards, throughout the length of the 
same plain, to the edge of the morass and went close 
thereby eastwards, until he reached the Ford of Ouil- 
TJaine on the Erne. And the Cenell-Conaill noticed not 
until they saw the great horse-host [advancing] to them, 
on the side of the river on which they were. And whilst 
the Cenel-Conaill had their attention upon the horse-host 
on their rear side, the Foreigners plunged into the Ford, 
so that the Cenel-Conaill ,and the [Wry-]necked Gilla 
TJa Baighill and Mac Somairligh met Fitz Maurice in 
Bel-Atha-Senaigh [and] fell there. The castle of 
Mac Goisdelbh was pulled down by the sons of Aedh TJa 
Conchobair. Great war was made by Toirrdelbach (son 
of Aedh Ua Conchubhair) and by the sons of the kings [of 
Connacht] (against the Foreigners this year) and many 
towns were burned and many Foreigners slain by them. 

the present year. On March 3, it 
having been intimated to the king 
that Armagh was vacant by resigna- 
tion, the justiciary, Fitz Geoffrey, 
was commanded to take possession of 
and keep until further orders all the 

archiepiscopal land and chattels. 
(D. /., I. 2812.) 

6 Was chosen. See note on 
Raighned under next year. 

1247. * Wry-necked Collo Tor- 
turatus, D. 



cctitjotcc titcroti. 


* hlla Cara[i]n, }\\ Cianacc 7 pen.-na-Cfiait>e, 
ta Tnapiup hlla Cara[i]n, an, n-T>ul 7>6 an, 
ohCCinren.-mtn5i i n-"0ail-n.ia7;ai.' ttuain.i 
htla Cancmna[i]n T>O gaBail pie 'Cipe-ConailL CCei) 
TDac ConcaiLleat), abb CLuana-Ooip, quieuic. Hairnet) 
DO oin.[T>]neaT> 1 n-a)YDeppcoboiT>[i] Cl'jTDa-TTlaca ipn 
Roim. TTIuficat) liUa hCCnluain, n.1 Oipprin., -DO mapbcrb 
an bb attain [p].' 

"Oomini 1D. cc. xU uin. 
htla Cananna[i]n -DO niapba-o la ^oppfiai^, 1 
mac T)omnaill moip, hth 2 "OomnailL 7 T)aine inrba[i] 
eile afiaen jiif 7 ^opp^aig 3 T>O gabail fii&i 4 'Chipe-ConailL 
T>'a eip. Hcnn0D k ap,73epfcop CCffoa-TTIaca, T>O reacc 
o'n Roim cum palbo 7 ai[p]pn,inn DO p,aTa T>O leif 1 peil 
7 poill innCCp,T>-fnaca. b 

(A) (B) 

na hSinenn -DO 8loe-5 c la^aUait5enenn 
otil, v^" a 5> 7>u Cuil-parain co Cinl-nacain co n-T)eafi- 

A.D. 1247. M om., A. "om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1248. ^opyxait), A. "hi, A. 'Sopfxcns, B. <rti5e,B. "om., 
B. b - b om. I B, C, D. cc This follows the Lon^a entry in B. It is the 
text of C and D. 

a Raighned, The apparent incon- 
sistency of this and the final 
(additional) eutry of the preceding 
year i explained by the Letter, 
dated Lyons, Oct. 8 (1246), of 
Innocent IV. directing the Domi- 
nican Prior of Drogheda and the 
Franciscian Guardian of Dundalk 
to serve citations in the matter of 
the Armagh succession. When the 
See became vacant (by resignation 
of the German, Albert), the Chan- 
cellor, against the consent of the 
rest of the Chapter, postulated 

Germanus, bishop of Rathluraigh 
(Deny). The archdeacon appealed 
to the Pope, who through the 
aforesaid Prior and Guardian en- 
joined all concerned to appear 
before the Curia on, or before, the 
next Leture Jerusalem Sunday (the 
fourth Sunday of the following 
Lent, March 10, 1247). (Theiner, 
uAi sup., p. 45.) The present entry 
of the Annals shows that the elec- 
tion of Germanus was set aside, and 
Raighned [ Reginald ':] made arch- 



Eachmarcach Ua Catha[i]n, king of Ciannachta and of [1247J 
Fir-na-craibhe, was killed by Maghnus Ua Catha[i]n, on 
his going upon a foray to the latter, to Airther-muighi 
in Dal-riatai. Ruaighri Ua Cananna[i]n took the king- 
ship of Tir-Conaill. Aedh Mac Conchailleadh, abbot of 
Cluain-Eois, rested. Raighned 2 was instituted into the 
archbishopric of Ard-Macha in Rome. Murchadh Ua 
hAnluain, king of the Oirrthir, was killed this year. 

Kalends of Jan. on [4th] feria, 2nd of the moon, A.D. [1248 Bis.] 
1248. Ruaidhri Ua Cananna[i] was killed by Geoffrey, 
son of Domnall Mor Ua Domnaill and many other persons 
[were killed] along with him and Geoffrey took the king- 
ship of Tir-Conaill after him. Raighnedh, archbishop of 
Ard-Macha, came from Rome with the Pallium and Mass 
was said by him in it, on the feast of [SS.] Peter and 
Paul [Monday, June 29], in Ard-Macha. 

t W (B) 

The Justiciary of Ireland A hosting by the Fo reign- 
went [with] a host to Cuil- ers of Ireland to Cuil- 

With respect to the bishopric of 
Rathluraigh (Rathlurensis), valu- 
able information is contained in 
another Letter of the same Pope, 
dated Lyons", May 31 (1247), trans- 
ferring the See therefrom to Deny. 
From the time of the delimitation 
of the dioceses, the See was in 
Derry. Sed postmodum bonae 
memoriae Ocophtyg [Ua Cob- 
thaigh], predecessor eiusdem (i.e., 
of the bishop who postulated to 
have the See moeed back to Derry) 
sedem ipsam ad villam Rathluren- 
SL-IU, de qua idem predecessor 
originem duxerat, illectus natalis 
soli dulcedine, a Sede Apostolica 
non petita licentia nee obtenta, 
transtulit motu proprie voluntatis. 

The Ua Cobhthaigh (O'Coffey) 
here mentioned was, no doubt, the 
bishop of that name who died in 
117.3, supra. The foregoing is 
strong confirmatory evidence that 
the Bishop's Chair offered to the 
Abbot Ua Brolchain in 1158 meant 
the dignity of mitred abbot. It 
seems incredible that an abbot- 
bishop of Derry should remove the 
See from there to Maghera (Rath- 

1248. 1 Craft. " These were cots, 
or small boats, which were carried 
by land on the shoulders of men, to 
be launched on lakes for plundering 
islands " (O'Donovan, F. M., iii. 


ccwiccicc uloroTi. 



7 coupler) 7 T>noicea7> T>O ncrotifi T>nocac n banna 7 
Den urn T>oit> 05 "Opanm- caiprel "Ofioma-cain.ppis 7 
cainpic. acqnebai) in -orioma. 

longa" -DO tafiainc la briian hUa Neill, la 
"Cuaipcipx Gnenn, -oe loc-peat>ail 1 TTla|-n1ca, 
/ Cepcmonn-"Oabeo[i]c, ilLoricc, co fiamic Loc-n-Bipne, co 
n-T>epna cpeic n-'oian.rfuci 7 guri'bfiip caipcel ann. d 

1an. (p.* 6, 1. 13), OCnno *Oomini ix. 
T)a bliatain 7>ec 7 pecc cer blia'oan o 'oocuai'5 Colurn- 
alle co Ii1 j;up an blia-bain pi. b TTlac hCCnrii | T>O 
mafiba-D la hCCet> hUa Concobaip, ii>on, CCe-5, mac 

B 1 7 "Oaibic "Dpiu 7 ^oilmaici eile imaille 2 piu. 
CCa-na-ni; an. 'Choirin.'Delbac hlla b Con- 
cobmn 1 ' o'ari'mariba'D CCe-5, mac CCeTa, ann 7 bruan in 
"Ooifie 7 morian *DO maiciB Connacr. 8luaie7> mop* 
leipm ^lupcip 7 le TTlac TTlinriip (i c ConnaccaiB ), cop.'- 
innap-bpac 3 peiT>limiT> apin cifi 7 riopaspar roip]it)elbac, 4 
mac CCe'oa, 1 n-a mat*. 

(Miall d hUa Canana[i]n -DO aBail pige "Chirie-Conaill 
an bliaTan pi. TonxrD inroa an, criannaiC an blia"6ain 


A. D. 1248. d d om., A ; given in B, C, D. 

A.D. 1219. '-timig, B. J maille (aphaeresia of i"), A. -porafi,B. 
4 Txnfifv-, A. * n. t. h. on blank space, A ; om., B. (They signify the 
same down to 1254, inclusive.) b - b om., A ; given in B, C, D. c -itl., n. 
t. h., A ; om., B, C ; given in D. * n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 

1249. * Ttctlce years and seven 
hundred years. This is a material 
error. In A.D. 537, St. Columba 
was in his seventeenth year. He 
passed over to lona when he was 
forty two years old. Perhaps, 
however, as the editor of the Annals 
of Loch Ce suggests (ad aw.), the 

meaning is 12 years less than 
700. (That is, for ocvs and, we are 
to read o from.) This would bring 
the reckoning within a year of A.D. 
662, the true date. (See Todd 
Lectures, Vol. III. pp. 21-2.) 

2 Them. Namely, with the son 
of Henry Poer and with Drew. 



rathain and a castle and rathain, so that they built 
bridge were built by them the bridge of the Bann and 
at Druim-tairsech. the castle of Druim-tairrsech 

and the mansion of Druim- 


Craft 1 were carried by Brian Ua Neill, [namely] by the 
arch-king of the North of Ireland, from Loch-Feabhaill 
into Magh-Itha, past the Termon of [St.] Dabeoc, into 
Lore, until he reached Loch-Eirne, so that he took away 
countless spoil and broke down a castle there. 


Kalends of Jan. (on 6th feria, 13th of the moon), A.D. 
1249. Twelve years and seven hundred years 1 [have 
elapsed] since [St.] Colum-cille went to I[ona] to this 
year. [Piers] son of Henry [Poer], was slain by Aedh 
Ua Conchobair, namely, Aedh, son of Aedh, son of Feidji- 
limidh and David Drew and other Foreign nobles [were 
slain] along with them, 2 The defeat of Ath-na-righ [was 
inflicted] on Toirrdelbach Ua Conchobuir, whereby Aedb, 
son of Aedh, was killed therein and Brian of the Doire 
and a great many of the nobles of Connacht [were 
killed]. A great hosting by J;he Justiciary and by Fitz 
Maurice (into Connacht), until they expelled Feidhlimidh, 
out of the country and left Toirrdelbach, son of Aedh, in 
his stead. 3 

(Niall Ua Cananna[i]n took the kingship of Tir-Conaill 
this year. Great crop on trees this year.) 


3 In Ms stead. D adds : Deinde 
O'Donill Goffredus inuasit Cona- 
ciam inferiorem cum magno exer- 
citu et deuastauit totam patriam a 
monte Corsleave usque ad flumen 
Moye et tandem rediit cum magna 

patrie preda et captiuis ac obsidibus 
nulla habita resistentia in ilia ex- 

This is given in the Four Masters 
under the present year. 


cctiMoclcc utoroti. 

]Cal. 1an. (p,* 7, t- 24\), CCnno "Domini m. cc. L 
TYlaet-TTluin.e till a 1 taccna[i]n, ap-oeppuc "Guama, in 
Chniv^o quieuic. "Comic pei < 5bm[i'5] ifin rin. 7 ooceic 
Toinjvoetbac fieime 2 a n-ucr atL "Comap TTIealLaiT>, 3 
eppuc eanai-T>uin, m b Chnirco qtiieuir;. b beanT> c cem- 
ptntt moivi T)hain.e Colunn-cille -DO ruicim, i-o efc, fexco 
1-oiif pebnuan.11. Seifilin, mgen TTlic laetamn, ni|an 
/ Cuai|x;e[i]iic Gnenn, mofirua, efc. 

(TTluipir* TTlac ^ea^iaitc 7 Carat hUa Raisillaij 7 
Gacai-5 TTIhas HI organ*! n a T>of>ul, fluag, a "Cip-Chonaill 
7 Miall hUa Canannan T>O leo, 1-oon, pi "Chin.e- 
Conaitt, d ) 

. 1an. (*0ominica a 1. 5) CCnno "Oomini TTl." cc. L 1. 
TTlac planiT), 1 T>O co5a[T>] cum afiT>eppucoiT)e 2 
"Cuama 7 b fioba Toingniala cuice he ap, me-o egna 7 
oli5iT). b CCjvoljal hUa [ph]Laicbepcais, fii-oomna CCibg, 
coin net aifcif> 7 einig 'Chuaifce[i]]ic 6fienn, moficuu^ 
fiirc hUa bfieifien, coifec pana[i]c 7 a 
T)O nia|tbaT ta Ceattac m-batC htJa m-Oaigitt- 
"Oonca-D TTlac Cacniait, roifec Chene[oi]t-pen.aT>aig, 
T>O ma]iba-D 'D'CCifisiattaiP. 

(Uai5ne p D, d ain/oeprcop CC^-oa-TTlaca, -DO -out cum na 

A.D. 1250. ' 0, A. 2 fu>itne, A. 3 111 eall (with sign of contraction 
attached to the final t). Overhead is placed t>, n. t. h., in A, to signify 
that the ending is ait>. b * oia., B. ^om., A; given in B, C, D. 
dj n. t. h., A. ; om., B, C, L). 

A.D. 1251. ' plaint), A. 2 ai^-o , B. '-'' otn., B (followed by C, I)). 
cc om., A ; given in B, C, D. d d n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 

12f>0. 1 Mael-Muire. His death, 
according to the A. L. C. [Annals of 
Loch Ce] , took place " a very short 
time before Christmas," 1249. 
This is confirmed by the letter of 
the Dean and Chapter of Tuain, 
about the end of Dec., 1249, pray- 
ing the king's licence to elect in 
room of Marianus. The licence 

was granted to their proctor, Jan. 
16, 1230 (D. /., I. 3028-34). 

2 O'Meallaidh. The election of 
Concordis (Conchobar ?), his suc- 
cessor, was confirmed by Innocent 
IV., Jan. 12, 1251 (Theiner, p. 63). 
The royal assent was given (though 
the election took place without 
licence) on May 8 (D. l. t I. 3131). 



Kalends of Jan. (on 7th feria, 24th of the moon, A.D. 

1250. Mael-Muire 1 Ua Lachtna[i]n, archbishop of Tuaim, 
rested in Christ. Feidhlimidh [Ua Conchobhair] came 
into the country and Toirrdhelbach fled before him, into 
the midst of the Foreigners. Thomas O'Meallaidh, 2 
bishop of Eanach-duin, rested in Christ. The pinnacle of 
the great church of Daire of [St.] Colum-cille fell, namely, 
on the 6th of the Ides [8th] of February. Cecily, 
daughter of Mac Lochlainn, that is, queen of the North 
of Ireland, died. 

(Maurice 3 Fitz Gerald and Cathal Ua Raighillaigh and 
Eachaidh Mag Mathghamna went [with] a host into Tir- 
Conaill and Niall Ua Canannan, namely, king of Tir- 
Couaill, was killed by them.) 

Kalends of Jan. (on Sunday, 5th of the moon,) A.D. 

1251. Florence Mac Flainn was elected 1 to the arch- 
bishopric of Tuaim, and he was fit thtrefor by the extent of 
[his] wisdom and legal lore. ArdghalUa [F]laithbertaigh 
royal heir of Ailech, candle of the championship and 
hospitality of the North of Ireland, died. Ua 
Breslen, chief of Fanat and his kinsman were killed by 
Ceallach Ua Baighill the Dumb. Donnchadh Mac 
Cathmhail, chief 2 of Cenel-Feradhaigh, was killed by 
the Airghialla. 

(Raighnedh, 3 archbishop of Ard-Macha, went to Rome. 



3 Maurice. Given at greater 
length in the A. L. C. (ad an.) 

1251. i Elected. --This is a year 
too late. Shortly before May 27, 
1250, the Dean and Chapter of 
Tuam wrote to the king that, hav- 
ing obtained licence, they unani- 
mously elected Florence, chancellor 
of their church and sub-deacon of 
the Pope. The royal assent was 

given on May 27 (Z). /., L 3044-5). 
The consecration took place in 
Tuam on the Christmas day of 
the same year (A. L. C., A.D. 

2 Chief. Subregulus, D. 

s Raighne<l, etc. These items, 
with exception of the last, are also 
given in the Four Musters under 
this year. 


(twicclo: uloroli. 

Lb, r .] 



Uoma. 1m an. TT) 05111 a-oa|;an, raipec Clomne-Tluatifiac, 
oo mapbau "Da mac Huai^pi hlli Neill TJO manbaT) 05 
Cill-moip hUa-11iallam. "Oonnccrfc TTlac Ccrcmail -DO 
mafibai). Caiplen *Ouin-cuile T>O T>enum. d 

"(Cat. 1an. (p.* 2, L lfr)CCnno T)ommi TH. cc. L n. 
Samn.aT) b ce tpn blia*oain pi. Caiplen Cait-uifci T>O 
Tenam te TTlac TT1ui|iif. Caiflen Tnuip-cotja T>O -Denam 
teif (iT>on, c le ^eafipolc ) pop. TTIael-ni[o]ae-DOic hUa 
beollafijn, comapba Cotuim-cilte 1 1 ii-"0fitnm-cbat5, m2 
r-aen comapba pobo mo conac 7 fiobo 3 oijip-oeficu | emec 
7 yiobo mo ca'oup 7 d onoifi d fioboi p.e [a] bnn pem i 
ii-6pinn o ^allai 15 7 o^bai-oetaiB, 4 in Chpipco quieuic- 
CCet)* TTlac Cacmail moptniup epr. Concobup TTlac 
Carmaeil pi^roipec Ceniuil-pefia < Dai 7 ciia n-iniT>a 
apcena, cmp. eini^ 7 e^noma Tuaipce[i]p.T; 6|ienn, pe|i 
pica Coriaill ip 60501 n ip CCin|natl, a mapbaf> T>O fiucaiC 
bfiiain hlli Weilt 7 pe i copnum a comaince pi^iu 7 pe 
pein ap* planacup hlli ^ailmpcej5ai 7 hlli Cara[i]n. 
Concobun. blla "Oocapcai^, caipec CCip.'Di-mi'Daip, fie 
beaf>, mofiT^uup epc. e 

(1upcip f na heip,enn T>O ceacc, plua-5 mop, 50 hCCp-o- 
TTlaca 7 appin 1 n-Ou-earac 7 apeij; an, a n-aip 511 
CUiain-pmcna 7 bpian bUa Meill T>'a n-oi5p.eifi annpin 
7 7X) cabaipT: a 'oeano'pcacan. pein, iT>on, Ruaini bUa 

A.D. 1252. 'a, B. * an, B. '^ob (o om.), A. <^haei , B. 
b This item is second in A, B, C. But also (pop) shews that the caiplen 
entries followed each other immediately, ^r. m., n. t. h., A ; om., B, 
C ; given in D. d - d om., B. om., A ; given in B, C, D. t! n. t. h. 
A ; om., B, C, D. 

4 Mac Cathmhail.The person 
mentioned in the last original entry 
of the present year. 

1252. J Peace- maker, etc. The 
meaning is accurately expressed in 

D : pacis et concordiae pcrikiendus 
aucthor singularia inter reges 
Eoganensium et Connalliae [et 


Imhar Mag Mhadaghan, chief of Clann-Ruadhrach, [1251] 
was killed. The two sons of Ruaighri Ua Neill were 
killed at Cell-mor of Ui-Niallain. Donnchadh Mas 
Cathmhail 4 was killed. The castle of Dun-chuile was 

Kalends of Jan. (on 2nd feria, 16th of the moon,) A.D. [i252Bis.] 
1252. A hot summer in this year. The castle of Narrow- 
Water was built by Fitz Maurice. The castle of Magh- 
Cobha was built by him (namely, [Fitz] Gerald) also. 
Mael-M[o]edoic Ua Beolla[i]n, successor of [St.] Colum- 
cille in Druim-cliabh, the superior of greatest substance 
and of most distinguished hospitality and of greatest 
esteem and honour by Foreigners and by Gaidhil [of 
any] that was during his own time in Ireland, rested 
in Christ. Aedh Mac Cathmhail died. Conchobur 
Mac Cathmhail, royal chief of Cenel-Feradhaigh and of 
many territories besides, tower of hospitality and valour of 
the North of Ireland, peace-maker 1 of [Cenel-]Conaill and 
[Cenel-]Eogain and the Airghialla, was killed by the routs 
of Brian Ua Neill, whilst he was defending his protection 2 
against them and he himself [was] under the safeguard of 
UajGrailmredhaigh and of Ua Oatha[i]n. Conchobur Ua 
Dochartaigh, chief of Ard-midhair tor a time, died. 

(The Justiciary 3 of Ireland came [with] a great host to 
Ard-Macha and therefrom into Ui-Eathach and from here 
backwards to Cluain-Fiacna. And Brian Ua Neill gave 
full submission to him then and delivered his own brother, 
that is, Ruaighri Ua Neill, as a hostage to them.) 

2 Protection. Signifying, by 
metonymy, those whom he had 
undertaken to protect. la defen- 
sione sui patrocinii, ipso etiam 
existente sub patrocinio et salvo 

conductu I Gorumlea et I Cahan, 

3 The justiciary. John Fitz 
Geoffrey. The entry is given in 
the Four Masters at this year. 



ccmicclcc ulcroti. 


]Cal.1an. (p. B 4, L 27'), CCnno "Domini m. cc. L 111. 
mop. 7>o cinol te IDac Tnuipip, co n-Tjeacaifc i Tifi- 
n-6k>j;ain 7 nip'gaC nen.c na cenn 1 mnci 7 nica-b up mop 
ap na ^allaiC T>o'n rx)irc 2 fin. THael-pe-oaip b hlla 
1T)uipeT>ai3, ppioip "Ouine-geimin, moprutip epr. "Oona- 
rup, apchiepipcopup lTlumoni[a]e, quieuic m [Chpipro]. 
SluaisexD La bpian hlla Neilt, la haijvonis TJhuaif- 
ce[i]fic 6|ienn, co TTla^-coCa T)'afi'mille / b leip m caifrel 
co n-aTtaiinB 7 caifrela inroa eile 1 n-UllrailS 7 *Daine 
inroa Wn cufiuf fin. b 

(Caiflen THinge-caba DO fspif la bpian hlla lleill, 
^15 "Chine-h 60301 n. mael-paDfiais hlla Sjannuil T)O'II 
O\IT> phfteicpiufi T)o ro^a le haffoeppcop CCffDa-lTlaca, a 
comaifile Innocenc papa, cum eppocoiT)e Rafa-boc. 6c 
iT>em ajichiepifcopuf confcicuic eum uica|iium fuum m 
pyioumcia CCpmachana, pofcquam confecyxaruf pine m 
monafce]iio]itim | Dlinopum "oe "Oun-T>eal5an m 
T)ommica pp.ima CC-Duencuf "Domini. ppuccuf copiop 
pup m afiboyiibup hoc anno. *OauiT) TTIhag Ceallai, 
ain.7>eppcop Caippil, quieuic m pace. c ) 

]Cal. 1an. (p.' 5, 1.9'), CCnno *0omini TT1. cc. L 1111. 

A.D. 12o3. J ceann, B. 3 coi^g, A. ^om., A; given in B, C, D. 
- c Ful. 60d, f. m. ; fol. 61 a, t. m., n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 

12-53. J Donatus. This should 
be David (see the final additional 
entry of this year). The choice of 
his successor, David (Mac Carroll), 
was ratified by Innocent IV., Aug. 
17, 1254. The delay arose from 
the objection of the suffragan 
bishops that, having been made by 
the Chapter and not by themselves, 
the election was invalid. For the 
conclusive reply, see the Bull of 
confirmation (Theiner, p. 61 sq). 

Mac Carroll occupied the See until 
1289 (D. /., III. 468). He was 
succeeded by Stephen O'Bragan, 
whose election was confirmed by 
Nicholas IV., Sept. 21, 1290 
(Theiner, p. 151 sq.). 

* Expedition. Dadds :Goffredus 
O Donill cum magno exercitu in- 
travit terras Eoganenses et illic 
accepit predas et captives condnxit 
multos et Brien O Neill in persecu- 
tione depredantium, cum illos 



Kalends of Jan. (on 4th feria, 27th of the moon,) A.D. [1253] 
1253. A large host was collected by Fitz Maurice [Fitz 
Gerald], so that he went into Tir-Eogain. And he 
obtained neither sway nor hold therein and great slaughter 
was inflicted on the Foreigners on that expedition. Mael- 
Pedair Ua Muiredhaigh, prior of Dun-geimhin, died. 
Donatus, 1 archbishop of Munster, rested in Christ. A 
hosting by Brian Ua Neill [that is] by the arch-king of 
the North of Ireland, into Magh-Cobha, whereby the castle 
with its people and many other castles in Ulidia were 
destroyed and many persons were killed by him on that 
expedition. 2 

(The castle of Magh-Cobha was levelled by Brian Ua 
Neill, king of Tir-Eoghain. Mael-Padraig 3 Ua Sgannuil 
of the Preaching Order was chosen by the archbishop of 
Ard-Macha, by advice of Pope Innocent, to the bishopric 
of Rath-both. And the same archbishop constituted him 
his Vicar 4 in the Province of Ard-Macha, after he was 
consecrated in the Monastery of the Friars Minor of Dun- 
dealgan [Dundalk] on the First Sunday of the Advent of 
the Lord [Nov. 30]. Copious fruit 5 on trees this year. 
David 6 Mag Ceallaigh, archbishop of Cashel, rested in 

Kalends of Jan. (on 5th feria, 9th of the moon,) A.D. [1254] 

aggredi tentaret, restiterunt fortiter 
Conallienses et occiderunt rnullos 
ex potioribus Eoganensium. 

The original is given in the Four 
Masters under 1252. 

3 Mael-Padraig. The archbishop 
of Armagh was empowered hy 
Innocent IV. (May 23, 1253) to 
receive personally or by deputy 
the resignation of his predecessor 
(Theiner, p. 57). Having gone to 
Rome to consult with the Pope on 

the state of his diocese, the bishop 
of Raphoe obtained (March 21, 
1255) power from Alexander IV. 
to excommunicate contumacious 
persons and permission to avail of 
two Dominicans of the Irish Pro- 
vince to aid him by counsel and 
preaching (Theiner, p. 71). 

4 Vicar. The archbishop was 
absent in Rome at the time. 

5 Copious fruit. Given in the 
A. L. C. under the following year. 


ccwicclcc ulcroli.'&hUa TTIail-CShJeclainn 1 quieinc in [Cbpipro b ]. 
"Oonnca-6, mac "Donnca-oa 7 CCrTilaim htJa t)ibpai>; T>O 
mafibiro la ConnaccaiR. CCinT>ile;- c hUa bln-oeipsi, tuin. 
egnoma "Chuaifceipr Gpenn, monruup epc." "OeTjicamo 
ecclep[a]e Sancti pacpicn "Oublini[a]e. d 

CCeine" fciaitc ai-oce "Oomnaij; i eil na Cnoice in 
c-Samnai-o i m-f>aile hUa-Rua-Dagari, i ps Cbonaill 7 
nonniup -DO lopca-o a cig ann.*) 

Ian. (p. a 6,a U 20,') CCnno*Oomini m. cc. U* u. 
Innocenciu^ papa quieuic in [Chjiipto h ]. "Comaf TTlac 
"Oiafimaca, <mcvpeocan Oil-pirn), 1 mopcuup efc. "Oonn- 
bUa pLainn, abb fieigtefa poiL 7 pea-oaip. i n- 
-m aca,[u]p epc. c 
("Oonacuf,* 1 iT>on, an c-occnia'o abb T)oCi 
Poil 7 phea-oain. 1 n-CCpT)-TTlaca, quieuic ec 
hUa TTlui peaf>ai 5, iDon, ppioip an cige cecna, -DO 
cum na babftaine ec beneDiccu^ epc peji manup TTlael- 
paqiicn, epipcopi tlapocenfif. d ) 

]Cal. 1an. (p.* 7, 

cc. l. ui. 

1') CCimo "Oomini 
T 11 ^^eiCe-Lu|a, T 

"Oaibic, mac Hicai^D Cuifin. ploin.ine 
aip-oefpuc 'Cuama-'oa-^ualann, quieuic in 

A.D. 1254. Jniaeit , B. b om., A, B, D ; "died," C. - om., 
A ; given in B, C, D. " om., B, C, D. ^n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1255. l Oilpinni A. M n. t, h. on blank space, A ; blauk left in 
B (with the same signification to 1260, inclusive). b om., B, C, D. 
om., A ; given in B, C, D. d -* n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1256. '0, A. 

125i x [ Son, etc.] The 
bracketted words are taken from 
the A. L. C. (ad an.) ; according 
to which Donchadh and Arolaim 
were defeated and slain by Cathal 
O'Conor, at Cloone, co. Leitrim. 

2 7Wer of valour. "The 

threshold of manhood " ! C. Vir 
magnae estimacionis ! D. 

3 Sunday. May 3 fell on that 
day in 1254 ; which shows that the 
additional item (not given in the 
.1. L. C., or the Four Matters) in 
correctly dated. 



1254. Murchadh TJa Mail-[S]echlainn rested in Christ. [1254] 
Donnchadh, son of Donnchadh, [son 1 of Gilla-Isa, son of 
Donchadh O'Raighillaigh] and Amlaim Ua Bibsaigh were 
killed by the Connachtmen. Aindiles TJa Inneirghi, 
tower of valour 2 of the North of Ireland, died. Dedication 

of the Church of St. Patrick in Dublin. 

(Lightning fire [came] on the night of Sunday, 3 on the 
feast of the Cross in Summer [May 3], in the town of the 
Ui-Ruadhagan, at the Wood of Conall and nine persons 
were burned in a house there.) 

Kalends of Jan. (on 6th feria, 20th of the moon,) A.D. [1255] 

1255. Pope Innocent [IV.] rested in Christ. 1 Thomas 
Mac Diarmata, archdeacon 2 of Oil-finn, died. Donnsleibe "5 

Ua Flainn, abbot of the Monastery of [SS.] Paul and d*rft* XitA^ 
Peter in Ard-Macha, died. 

(Donatus, 3 namely, the eighth abbot that was in the 
Monastery of Paul and Peter in Ard-Macha, rested and 
Patrick Ua Muireadhaigh, namely, prior of the same 
House, was chosen to the abbacy and he was blessed by the 
hands of Mael-Patraic [Ua Sgannuil], bishop of Rath- 

Kalends of Jan. (on 7th feria, 1st of the moon), A.D. [i256Bis.] 

1256. Ruaidhri Ua Gadhra, king of Sliabh-Lugha, was 
killed by David, son of Richard Cussen. Florence Mag 
Floinn, archbishop of Tuaim-da-ghualann, rested in 
Christ. 1 The Muinnter-Raghallaigh were killed by Aedh> 

1255. a Rested in Christ. This is 
erroneous; Innocent IV. died in 
Naples, Dec. 7, 1254. The A. L. C. 
also give his obit under 1255. 

2 Archdeacon. The Four Masters, 
against A, B, C, D and the A. L. C., 
call him herenagh. 

^Donatus. The Donnsleibhe of 
the preceding entry ; Donatus 
being the meaningless Latin alias. 
1256. 1 Rested in Christ. At 
Bristol, according to the A. L. C. 
(ad an.}. On June 29, 1256, the 
Dean and Chapter of Tuam re- 


ccuucclcc ulcroli. 

TTluiiinT:ep-Ha5aUai5 b DO mapbaD Le hCCeD, mac 
limce 2 hUi Concobuip (7 te Conctibup, mac "Cigepnain 
litli Huaipc c ) iT>on, Caral7"Oomnaill7Cu-Connacc 7111 
illa caec 7 ^apppoi^ 7 maici TTluin[n]cepi-1 c la5attai^ 3 
7hUa 1 -m-Opium uile ap aen laraip 05 CCllc-na-heillci, 
op bealuc-na-beirige, 1 cinn Sleit5e-in-iapaiim "Oomap- 
baDUpTDuinnT;ep-Raaltai5 3 'T)iapmaic1)tla 1 pLanna^[i]i) 
7 plann mdg Oipeccai^ 7 TTlupcaD pinD hUa pep^ail. 
7 DOTiiapt5aDap Dame iniDa[i] eili nac 

p[c]op CCipD-TTlaca, Dh'ec i]-in 
Hoim. d ) 

]Cul. 1an. (p.* 2, L 12"), CCnno "Oomnn 1T).cc. l. c un. 

(A.) (B.) 

TTltiipip 1Tlac ^epaitc 1eoan e Oippec, malaprac 

quieuir; m [ChfMfCo]. ceatL 7 5 aei ^ e ^' fubica 

Caiplen Cail-uipci DO lea- mopue pepnc. TDuipip 

5UD le ^opppaij n- 1T)ac ^epailc, lupcip 

*Oomnaill7cecT:apa airle 6penn pi heaD, Dipcailcec 

DO 7 DO Cemul-Conaill ^aeiDel 7 ceall n-Gpenn, 

Sbligig 7 "oo mopiruup epc. Scainnep 

im tjaile cpODa DO uabaipuDo xl 

A.D. 1256. !! tnij, B. 3 Rfngillaig, A. 4 aijiimceTi, B. > opposite 
this entry, 1. m., n. t. h., is Cac ITluige Slecc Battle of Magh-Sletht, A 
In B, r. m-, t. h., Ula^bat) ITIhtnnncefii Ra^allaig Slaying ofMuinnter. 
Rugallaigh. c - c itl., n. t. h., A; om., B, C, D. d -d n. t. h., A; om., B 
C, D. 

A.D. 1257. C and D follow B. 

ceivecl through Reginald, chaplain 
and Maurice Lumbard, clerk, royal 
licence to elect an archbishop. 
The choice fell upon a Franciscan, 
James O Lachtnain. The king 
assented on Oct. 16, and wrote to 
the Pope to confirm the postulation 
(D. I., III. 507-21). 

2 Allt-na-heillti. Height of the 

* Belach-na-belthighe. Pass of 
the birch (tree). Apud vallem [!] na 
Hally, prope viam na bethij, D. 

4 Sliabh-in-iarainn. Mountain of 

6 Persons. The remaining words 



son of Feidhlimidh Fa Conchobuir (and by Concbubur, H256] 
SDH of Tigernan Ua Ruairc). Namely, [tbose killed were] 
Catbal and Domnall and Cu-Counacht and tbe Blind 
Gillie and Geoffrey [Ua Raghallaigh] and all tbe nobles 
of Muinnter-Raghallaigh and the Ui-Briuin on one spot, 
at Allt-na-beillti, 2 over Belacb-na-Bcitbigbe, 3 in front 
of Sliabb-in-iarainn. 4 The Muinnter-Raghallaigh killed 
Diarmait Ua Flannaga[i]n and Flann Mag Oirecbtaigh 
and Murcbadb Ua Fergbail tbe Fair. They [likewise] 
wounded and killed many otber persons 5 tbat are not 
reckoned bere. 

(Raighned, 6 archbishop of Ard-Macha, died in Rome.) 

Kalends of Jan. (on 2nd feria, 12th of tbe moon,) A.D. [1257] 

(A) (B) 

Maurice Fitz Gerald 
rested in 

Cbrist. 1 The 
Castle of Narrow -Water was 
levelled by Geoffrey O'Dom- 
naill and be and the Cenel- 
Conaill came tberefrom on 

Jobn Bisset, destroyer of 
cburcbes and of Gaidbil, 
perisbed by a sudden death. 
Maurice Fitz Gerald, Justi- 
ciary of Ireland for a time, 
dissolver of tbe Gaidhil and 

the morrow, to attack Sligech. jof the churches of Ireland, 
And he met with the Fo- died. A courageous en- 
reigners of tbe town and counter was fought by 

are omitted in D, which adds '. 
O Donil Goffredus cum magno ex- 
ercitu perlustrauit patriaa de 
Feannanagh et Brieni O Koirke, 
ex quibua predas, redemptiones et 
obsides accepit et rediit. 

This is given in substance by the 
F. M. under the present year. 

6 Raighned. From a charter of 
assent (Oct. 2, 1234) to the election 
of the bishop of Meath (inserted 
in the Papal confirmation), which 

begins with Frater E., we learn 
that he was a friar, probably a 
Dominican. From the date of the 
royal licence to elect his successor, 
Feb. 20, 1257, it may be inferred 
that he died towards the close of 
1256 (D. /., IIT. 531). 

1257. 1 Rested in Christ. In the 
Franciscan (or south ; to distinguish 
it from the north, or Dominican) 
Monastery of Youghal. C and D 
translate the B-text. 

ccwicclcc ulccoti. 

hUa T)omiiaill, 
"Cbipe-Conaill 7 T>O 
laiB Conn ace (ITKHI/ i Cpe- 
opan-cilli, i Rop-ceiT>i, i 
Cpic-Caipppi f ) 7 mai-bin ap 
na ^atlaiC 7 cpi picic, 1 no 
ni ap mo, TX> mapba"D T>O na 
^allai C. Ocup oogona'D 
"Oomnaitt ann 7 "Oonnca^, 
mac Copmaic bill "Oom- 
naitl, cuip einij 7 epioma 
Thipe-ConailUiwsuin ann- 
pem 7 a eg T>I. Caipcel 
Cail-uipci T>O leaga'D le 

7 rue maiDm poppo 05 Cpe- 

opan-Cille, ipRop - ceiDe, 

i Cpic-Caipbpi. Ocup DO- 

50110-5 liUa "Oomnaill ann 

7 mina gabair a jona 

Spema De, pobiai maiDm 

poppa co TYluaiD. Ocup 

ooloipe-o Sligee leo 7 
si) (7 b Dosaba-o mac 
ann, iTX>n, piT)ipe 

mair b ). Cancobup, mac 

'dgepnain (blli b Ruaipc b ), 

DO mapba-5 le TTluiiinrip- 

Raiillai (iT>on, b le TTIara 

litla Rai5illai b ). TTuc 5opppai|bUa n-T)otnnaill. 

bpiam mai-om mop ap Concobap, mac "Cisep- 

^balloiC ipm bliat>ain pi. nain,DomapbaT)leTTluinn- 

np-Ra^allais. 'Cue bit a 
bpiam maiT>mm6p ap^bal- 
laiB ipm bliaf>ain pi. 
(Carol, mac CCeria, mic Carail cpoib-oepg, -DO Dallas 

la bCCe-5 ConcuBaip 7 Coral cuipcec Concubaip -DO 

f>allaT> mapaen pip. c CCbpaliam d bUa Conallan T>O -oul 

cum na Roma rapeip a ro[r]a cum aipT>eppucon)e 

CCpT)a-TTlaca. ITIacpobiup, ab Cluana-6oip, Dh'ec. 

Tnael-TTIuipe TTlas THupchai-5, raipec TTluinnpe-bipn, 

DO mapba-o, IDOU, o n-a bpairpiC pein, 15 Cill-ippill. d ) 

A.D. 1257. "itl., n. t. h., A. 1. m., n. t. h., A ; om., B. C, D. 
<i- d n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D {t r. m., t. h., B ; om., C ; aptro CfieDjxan, D. 

2 Cathal. Given at greater 
length in the A. L. C. (ad an.). 

3 Ua Conallan. According to a 
royal mandate (about Feb. 6, 
1257 : D. /., III. 669) regulating 
the issues and rents of the See 
during his detention in Rome, 

O'Conallan had been arch-pres- 
bjter of Armagh. 

On Dec. 21, 1258, he obtained 
permission from Alexander IV. to 
borrow 500 marks sterling for the 
useofhis diocese (Theiner,p. 30-1). 

4 Macrolivs. Made into Mae 



Geoffrey Ua Domnaill, king 
of Tir-Conaill and the Fo- 
reigners of Connacht 
(namely, in Credran-cilli, in 
Ros-cheidi, in the territory 
of Cairpre). And defeat was 
inflicted upon the Foreigners 
and three score, or something 
more, were killed of the 
Foreigners. And O'Dom- 
naill was wounded there and 
Donnchadh, son of Cormac 
Ua Domnaill, tower of hos- 
pitality and valour of Tir- 
Conaill, was wounded there 
and he died thereof. The 
castle of Narrow- Water was 
levelled by Geoffrey Ua 
Domnaill. Conchobar, sou 
of Tigernan, was killed by 
the Muinnter-Raghallaigb. 
Ua Briain gave a great 
defeat to the Foreigners in 

this year. 

(Cathal, 2 son of Aedh, son of Cathal Red-hand, was 
blinded by Aedh O'Conchubair and Cathal O'Concubair 
the Long-haired, was blinded along with him. Abraham 
Ua Conallan 3 went to Rome after his election to the 
archbishopric of Ard-Macba. Macrobius, 4 abbot of 
Cluain-Eois, died. Mael-Muire Mac Murchaidh, chief of 
Muinnter-Birn, was killed, namely, by his own kinsman, 
at Cell-issel.) 

inflicted defeat upon them 
at Credran-cille, in R o s- 
cheidi, in the country of 
Cairpre. And O'Domnaill 
was wounded there and had 
his wounds not taken hold 
of him, there would have 
been defeat [inflicted] upon 
them to the [river] Muaidh. 
And Sligech was burned by 
them and pillaged. (And 
Mac Grifin, namely, a good 
knight, was taken prisoner 
there.) Conchobur, son of 
Tigernan (Ua Ruairc), was 
killed by the Muinnter- 
Raighillaigh (namely, by 
Matthew Ua Raighillaigh). 
O'Briain gave a' great 
defeat to the Foreigners in 
this year. 


Robias by the Four Masters (ad an.). 
But such a native name does not 
exist. The abbot's designation in 
was religion Macrobius, perhaps 

the martyr of Nicomedia, who is 
commemorated in the Martyrology 
of Tallaght at May 7 (L.L., p. 


ccmicclcc ulcroti. 

A Clb ]Cat Ian- (p.' 3, 1. 23') CCnno T)omini TT1. cc. l. um. 
5oppfiai hlla "Oomnaill, pi 'Chipe-Conailt, quieuic m 
[Chpipco]. Stufican ^aileans T>O tfiajiba-o la TTIac 
8oriiaifitiT> an, oilen mana i n-1apran Connacr; 7 7>aine 
maici iniT>a eile annen 1 flip. 8lua 2 mop, ta hCCe'D, mac 
peitlimce 7 la TraT>5hUa 3 m-bp.iain 1 coinnebniain hill 
Neill co Cael-uipce (iT>on, b 05 Leicc bill TYlaeilT>onai5 b ). 
OcupcucaT>un,namaici pm uileapT)cenntifDoOpian hlla 3 

B 63a Ueill: iT>on, bpaiDi TTMC pheif>limre -DOfon 7 
mbumnreiii-Uuipllais 7>'CCe-DhUaConcobinji 7 
hUa-m-bpiinn tnle o Cbenannup 4 co "Ofiuim-cliat5. 
"Oomnall blla "Domnaill DO ^150^ an can fin 7 rucfac 
Cenel-Conaill tnle bnxn?roi 7 ciepnup 7)6. TTIac Cpai d 
THas 'Cbi^eiinam, raifec 'Cbellai^-'Oiinca'Da, T>O mapba-5 
la "Oomnall TTIac 'Osennain.' 1 CCmlaim, mac CCinc, |ii 
bneipne, quieuic m [Cbnipco]. 1n manac bUa 3 Cuifinin 
qtneuic in Chfupco. 

A.D. 1258. ^xx^aen, B. 2 8lua5crD, B. 3 0, A. 4 Cheanannru^ ! 
B. ^ b itL, n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. c om., B. *-* om., D. 

1258. ' Ua Domnaill. Thus in 
D : O'Donnill Goffredus[-o] sub 
curamedicorum to to anno existente 
in Insula Lochbcatha post bellum 
Credrayn, Brien O'Neill, collecto 
magno exercitu ad invudendum 
Conn alii am, missis nunciis ad 
O'Donill petiit ab eo sulmissionem 
et obedientiam, una cum obsidibus 
ab inhabitantibus Tire Connill pro 
continuanda obedientia, ipsis tune 
non habcntibus competentem do* 
minuin ex ilia generations post 
Guffredurn. Et aliquali responso 
dato nunciis, ipse Goffredus in 
articulo mortis existens iussit 
tot quot vixerunt in Connallia virus 
babiles ad anna gerenda ad eum 
venire. Quibus ita collectis, ipse 
Goffredus, cum alitereos precedere 

non posset, iussit corpus suum in 
feretro cum quo ad sepulturam 
mortuos ferre sclent, poni ct sic 
asportari ad resislendum Brien 

Quo facto, exbortavit euoa 
viriliter resistere eorum inimici^ 
quamdiu spiritus in eius corpore 
remaneret. t sic in magna 
fiducia per gentes obviam dederunt 
inimicis apud flumen Soilli 
[Swilly]. Et fortiter bine inde 
decertantibus, tandem O'Neil- 
lius coactus [est] rcdire, relictis 
multis occisis cum ingenti numero 
equorum. Et redeuntibus O'Donill 
cum f>uis, adepta ilia fortunata 
vietorid, prostrate feretro, in quo 
Goffredus ad tune vivens exist it, 
apud Congawill [Conghbhail ; Con- 



Kalends of Jan. (on 3rd feria, 23rd of the mooa), A.D. 
1258. Geoffrey Ua Domnaill, 1 king of Tir-Conaill, rested 
in Christ. Jordan Gaileang [de Exeter] was killed by Mac 
Somhairlidh on an island of the sea in the West of Connacht 
and many other goodj)eople [were killed] along with him. 
A great host [was led] by Aedh, son of Feidhlimidh [Ua 
Conchobhair] and by Tadhg Ua Briain, to meet Brian Ua 
Neill, to Narrow- Water (namely, at the Flagstone of Ua 
Maeldoraigh). And all those nobles gave the arch-headship 
to Brian Ua Neill : that is, the hostages of the son of 
Feidhlimidh [were given] to him [Brian] and the hostages 
of Muinnter-Raighillaigh [were given] to Aedh Ua Con- 
chobuir and the hostages of all Ui-Briuin from Cenaimus 
to Druim-cliabh. 2 Domnall Ua Domnaill was made king 
that time and all Cenel-Conaill gave pledges and lordship 
to him. Mac Craith Mag Tigernain, chief of Tellach- 
Dunchadha, was killed by Domnall Mac Tigernain. 
Amlaim, son of Art, king of Breifni, rested in Christ. 
The monk, Ua Cuirnin, rested in Christ. 


wal, near Letterkenny], in ipso 
instant! ex convulsions vulueris 
recepti in bello Credrayn emisit^ 
spiritum. Qui in morte, sicuti in 
vita, fortem et strenuum se mundo 
ostendit, habita victoria contra 
suos aduersarios cunctos usque ad 
boram illam et in ipsa bora. 

The original, which is somewhat 
more diffuse, is given by the Four 
Masters at this year. 

" Drum-cliabh. D goes on, 
omitting the next entry : Tandem 
O'Neillius petiit subiectionem et 
obsides ab iuhabitantibus Connal- 
liae, qui, obtento certo tempore, 
consultantes[-tabant] quern elige- 
rent in gubernatorem, quia nullum 
habuerunt ante dominum a morte 

Goffredi. Interim Donaldus 
luuenis O'lDonill venit ex Scotia 
anno aetatis decimo octavo. Cui 
statim omnes Connalliae inhabi- 
tantes voluntariam et promptam 
supremitatem et obedientiam pre- 
starunt, nemini id admirante, cum 
ipse Donaldus heres legittimus 
illius patrie existeret. Et ad inde 
nullos obsides dederunt O'Nellio, 
aut alicui, Donaldo venieute. 
Cuius adventus ita opportunus et 
necessarius pro tune assimulatum 
fuit aduentui Twowaill Teachtmair 
ex transmarinis regionibus pot 
dispersionem et anihillationem eius 
[Tuathalii] gentis. Qui statim 
accepit totius regni supremam re- 
galitatem ; deinceps uniendo et 



("Comatrac* hUa Concutiaifi -DO oa cum aifroepfco- 
poi-oe "Cuomo. CCbpaham, aijroeprcop CCjvo-TTlaca, 
pallium impficfiacufi a Cupia Tlomana ec TTlipfam cum 
eo cetebpauic, quapco llonaf 1unn, apUT) CCfvomacham.') 

1an. (p.' 4, I. 4,") CCnno "Domim TT1. cc. ix. 
Coral TTlac Con[-8h]nama *oo Ttatla-o. TThliT) TTlac 
Soiy'cet^U!) 1 quieuit m [Chfupro]. 81571017) baipll -DO 
majibai) T>'a bjunqiit) pem. bfiai5"Di tiUa 2 -m-bfiiuin T>O 
T>allaT> ta hCCeT),mac peii)UmiT). 3 Cofimac hUa Luimlum 
ep puc Cluana-peiaca, quietnc m [Chpipco] (i b n-a f 

('Comatt:ac, b mac CoipffDealbaig, mic TTlbaitcf'eac- 
tamn hill ChoncuBai^-DOsabail aifiTeppcopoiT)e "Cuama. 
bfnain, aT)bu|i pi TTluman, -oh'ec b ). 

A.D. 1258. 

A.D. 1259. 

om., B, C, D. 

n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 

B. 2 O, A. 3 Vev6lini, A. 

n. t. h., A ; 

defendendo suam patriam contra 
exteros usque ad finem suae vitae- 

The original, which is more pro- 
lix, forms in the Four Matters a 
continuation of the account given 
in the preceding Note. Donal. 
according to Charles O'Conor, was 
son of Donal Mor by a daughter 
of Cathal Red-hand, king of Con- 

In the second century, the Atta- 
cots cut off the Milesian nobility, 
with the exception of the queen, 
who u as pregnant. She escapea 
to Scotland, where she gave birth 
to a son, Tualhal Techtmar, 
(wealthy'). In time he returned ; 
was received favourably and re- 
established the Milesian dynasty. 

8 Ua Conchubhair. On May 29, 

1257, Alexander IV. set aside the 
election of James Ua Lachtnain 
(1156, note 1, supra) and appointed 
Walter, Dean of St. Paul's, London 
and Papal Chaplain, to the arch- 
bishopric of Tuam. "Walter was 
consecrated by the Pope, most pro- 
bably in Viterbo, where the Bull is 
dated. He died at latest early in 
the following year. Oa April 22, 

1258, the arch bishop being deceased, 
a royal mandate was issued to the 
escheator of Ireland to take the 
lands and tenements of the See 
into possession. (D. I., III. 576.) 
O'Conor had been bishop of Elphin 
(ib. 621-2-4). He is called Thomas 
(the Latin name which most re- 
sembled Tomaltach) in the royal 
documents just referred to, and in 



(Tomaltach Ua Conchubhair 3 was elected to the arch- 
bishopric of Tuaira. Abraham, archbishop of Ard-Macha, 
obtains the Pallium from the Roman Curia and celebrated 
Mass therewith on the 4th of the Nones [2nd] of June,* 
at Ard-Macha.) 

Kalends of Jan. (on 4th feria, 4th of the moon,) A.D. 
1259. Ca thai Mac Con [-Sh]nama was blinded. Milidh 
Mac Goisdeilbh rested in Christ. Sigraidh 1 O'Baighill 
was killed by his own kinsmen. The hostages of the Ui- 
Briuin were blinded by Aedh, son of Feidhlimidh 2 [Ua Con. 
chobair]. Cormac 3 Ua Luimluin, bishop of Cluain-ferta, 
rested in Christ (a holy-minded spiritual director). 

(Tomaltach, 4 son of Toirrdhealbach, son of Mael-Seach- 
lainn Ua Conchubhair, assumed the archbishopric of 
Tuaim. Tadhg O'Briain, future king of Munster, died.) 


a Brief of Alexander IV. (April 29, 
1259), empowering him to contract 
a loan of 2,400 marks for diocesan 
purposes (Theiner, p. 81). Him- 
self and two of the canons of 
Elphin were in the Curia at the 
time. They attended perhaps to 
procure confirmation of his election 
to Tuam. 

4 2nd of June. It fell on Sunday 
in this year. 

1259. 1 Sigraidh. Thus in D: 
Sygray O'Broychill, subregulus 
trium Tuoha [of the three Territo- 
ries], qui fuit vir bone fame et 
liberalitatis et eumme estimationis 
in re militari, occisus fuit a pro- 
priis germanis fraudelenter. 

A similar entry is given in the 
Annals of Loch Ce (ad an.). 

2 Feidhlimidh. Dadds : O'Donill, 
Donaldus luuenis, collecto magno 
exercitu, hostiliter invasit Tironiam 

et ex altera parte Hugo Flavus 
O'Neill venit in tdus occursum cum 
consimili exercitu. Et insimul> 
devastata undique patria ilia, pro- 
gressi [sunt] ulterius devastando 
usque ad orientales limites Ultonie, 
habita undique victoria et obe- 
Mentia, nemo [nemine] eis obsis- 
tente, usque dum redierunt. 

The original is probably an entry 
in the Four Masters at this year. 

3 Cormac. He died before July 
20 of this year. On tn-t day, royal 
licence was given to th Dean and 
Chapter to elect in place of Charles, 
late bishop of Clonfert (D. L, III. 

4 Tomaltach. This (in greater 
detail) and the following item are 
in the A. L. C. (ad an.). Assumed 
means entered into possession of 
the See. 




4 laraip pin. Romapbaii 
mac Concobaip, mic 

[bip.] }Cal. 1an. (p.- 5, L 15,) CCnno "Domini TT1. cc- lx 
Cat; T)poma-T>e[i]yi5 (m b locoqtn T>icitun."Oyiomma- < oen.5 l> ), 
05 "Oun-TKi-learslap cue 1 bnian hUa Tleill 7 CCei), mac 
Peit>limit), 7>o bhallaitj 'Cuaipce[i]fic Ofienn, aic t n-an.'- 
mafibcrb T>O maicio" aii>eal, i7>on, bn.ian hlla 2 
Meill 7 "Oomnall hUa 2 Cainfie 7 "OiajimaiT; TDa^ Lac- 
tainn 7 TDasnur hl1a 3 Cara[i]n 7 Cian hUa 2 hlrmeifijji 
7 "Don np lei Be TTlds Cana 7 Concobuyi "Ouifroifima 7 
CCe-5, a mac 7 CCmtaim hUa 2 ^aipmtea^ai'D 7 Cu-ULa'D 
liUa 2 hCCnluani. CCcc aen ni, pomapba^coic 3 pifi -oeg -DO 
maiciB Clomne-Caram afi an 
DO ConnaccaiB ann c : Qlk 

Coyimaic hUi TDait|iuanai^, 5 fii TTltii5i-Luip5 7 Carol, 
mac 'Gi^epnain hlli Concobaifi 7 fnaetpiianai'5, mac 
"Ootmca'oa 7 Cacal, mac "Oonnca'Da, mic TDuificepcaig 7 

A 6ic CCe^, mac | TTluificeiicai pmT> 7 "Ca-Dg, mac Carail, mic 
bfiiain hlli YYIcnlfUicmarB 7 "Oiapmaic, mac "CaTDg, mic 
1T)ui^eT>ai5, mic "Comalnai^ hlli TTlailfiuanai5 7 Conco- 
bup. TTIac ^ille-CC]ipai6 7 "Caftg, mac Cein hlli ^cropct 7 
^illa-be]iai5 hlla CuniT) 7 T)aine IHTDO aib. 6 "Domnall, 

B 63b mac Concobuip, | mic T^ie|inain, T>O mapba'5 la 'Ceallac- 
n-"Duncafa. CCbfiaram hUa 2 Conalla[i]n, comapba 
Pacfiais, 7 in Chpipco qyietnr. 

(CCoV buix>e hUa Meill -on iii5UT>pon.'Chi]\-n-eu5uin. a ) 

]CaU 1an. (p. a 7, L 26 l ), CCnno "Domini 1T1. cc. lx. 1. 
TTlaici cleipec Cene[oi]l-Conaill *oo mapHkro la Conco- 

A.D. 1260. 'tug, B. 2 0, A. s .u. (the Latin equivalent), A, B. 
4 in, A. 8 TTIaeil , B. eile, A. 7 PQ-D , A. M itl^ n. t. h., A ; om., 
B , C, D. c i-oonwa/nc/y added. B. d ' d n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 

1260. 1 Noblet. "15 of the 
best," C ; quindecim select! viri, D. 

-Rested in Christ. Apparently 
towards the close of the year. On 
Feb. 27, 1261, royal licence was 
given to elect his successor (D. I., 
III. 702). 

D adds : Eodem anno, post 
Dunense bellum O'Donill cum suo 
cxercitu invasit Eoganenses eosque 
cum igne et gladio devastauit et 
per continuas incursiones ferme 


Kalends of Jan. (on 5th feria, 15th of the moon), A.D. [ 126 ] 
1260. The battle of Druim-derg [was fought] (in a place 
which is called Dromma-derg) at Dun-da-leathglas by 
Brian Ua Neill and Aedh, son of Feidhlimidh [Ua Con- 
chobair], against the Foreigners of the North of Ireland, 
wherein were killed many of the nobles 1 of the Gaidhil, 
namely, Brian Ua Neill and Domnall Ua Cairre and 
Diarmait Mag Lachlaiun and Maghnus Ua Catha[i]n and 
Cian Ua Inneirghi and Donnsleibhe Mag Cana and Con- 
cobur O'Duibhdirma and Aedh, his son, and Amlairn Ua 
Grairmleaghaidh and Cu-Uladh Ua hAnluain. But one 
[notable] thing [happened] : fifteen men of the nobles of 
Clann-Cathain were killed on that spot. There were 
killed of the Connachtmen there : Gilla-Crist, son of Con- 
chobar, son of Cormac Ua Mailruanaigh and king of Magh- 
Luirg and Cathal, son of Tighernan Ua Conchobair and 
Maelruauaidh, son of Donnchadh [Ua Mailruanaigh] and 
Cathal, son of Donnchadh, son of Muircertach and Aedh, 
son of Muircertach the Fair and Tadhg, son of Cathal, son 
of Brian Ua Mailruanaigh and Diarmait, son of Tadhg, 
son of Muiredhach, son of Tomaltach Ua Mailruanaigh 
and Conchobur Mac Gille-Arraigh and Tadhg, son of Cian 
Ua Gadhra and Gilla-Beraigh^Ua Cuinn and many other 
persons. Domnall, son ot Concobur, son of Tigernan [Ua 
Conchobair], was killed by the Tellach-Dunchadha. 
Abraham Ua Coualla[i]n, successor of Patrick, rested in 
Christ. 2 

(Aedh Ua Neill the Tawny was made king over Tir- 

Kalends of Jan. (on 7th feria, 26th of the moon), A.D. 1261. [1201] 
The [most] worthy 1 of the clergy of Cenel-Conaill were 

1261. l The[most] worthy. Liter- 
ally, the good (clergy'), KO.T' ' |oxV- 

They had probably assembled for 
some ecclesiastical function. 


ccnuotcc ulcroti. 

bup hUa Meill 7 fie Genel-So^am 1 n-"0oifie Coluini- 
cille, mi Cboncobun. blla pippL Concobun bUa lleill 
oo manbai) T>ono b a cecoiji rjae mifibuil Colin tn-ci tie la 
"Oonn blla 1 m-bfiei^len, rai^ec pdna[i]c. Caral hUa 
b/5fia -DO manba-5 -DO ^haHoiE. 8lucr^ c la bCCei), mac 
pei-obmre, V 1n ni-bfieipie, stifi'loifc bailn im-5a 7 
(ifibanna. COJITTUV ma-oma *oo cabaipr afi -o^ieim T)'a 
liucaiC, 5iiii'nia^baT mofian 7>iB c . Sean pi[rz] Tomaf 7 
m ba^pac n\6]\ T>O niapbaT) la pm^in TDag Cafifirai^ 7 
la T)eafTvmimTiecait> e apcena 7 mopan T>O 
aibt5. 2 piti5in,TTla[c] 3 CapTirai^-oo map-boi) la ^ 
CCe-5 buite hUa 1 Meill expulf Uf f e]V 7 Miall Culanac 
O Neill (pfiateiV 5 OT>onif B ) DO pisa-o- Iliall hUa 1 
^ai^mle^aiT), ca>vec Ceniuil-TDoam, mo^ruuf efc. 
pilib Tllac Cinaera, 4 caifec an cpica-cec, occifup 
pefi ^illa-ITlu^a blla 1 Caipiie. 

(Pcrcfiiciur h (iDon, 1 tnael-pa-Dfiais 1 ) bUa 

Hacbpoceiifif, eleccup e^c concopT>ir;e|i in 
CC|iT)macbaiuim ec p^ofequutuf -puic 
eleccionem -oe fe paccam a-o Severn CCpo]Tolicam. 
CCmalgai-o bUa Ruar>a5an, pi?; bO-Beacac, TDO ifianba-5 
pe|i "Don arum bUa Caifipe ec "Donacu^ blla Caippe *oo 
inapba'b afi in larain. ceT>na h .) 

A.D. 1261. 'O.A. 8 11., B ; eile, A. 8 - a ma5C , B. 4 Cmaee, A. 
* n. t. h. on blank space (for 26 the MS. has 23, the scribe having mis- 
read the xxiii. of his text as xxiii.), A ; blank in B. In B, C, D, the 
CCei) buiT>e and HialL entries are placed after the TTIaici item. b om., A. 
om., B, C, D. d In A a blank:=two letters is left between J?u and Tomar. 
8eon PI ocup T!x)ma^ John Ft and Thomas (Fi)\ B. "Dep-TDhumam 
Desmond, B. M n. t. h. on blank left by t. h., A. -itl., n. t. h., A; om., 
B, C, D. h* n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. - itl. by the hand that wrote the 
additional entry. 

J jDonn. Called Domnallbj mis- 
take in the A. L. C. (ad an.). 

3 John Fitz- Thomas. O, follow- 
ing B, has : " John Fy and 

Thomas ! " D, however, is far 
worse ; Carolus O'Gara occisus fuit 
per Soen Fith Seon et Thomam 
Fith Thomas ; in quo anno Bar- 



killed by Conchobur Ua Neill and by the Cenel-Eogain in 
Doire of [St.] Colum-cille, around Conchobur Ua Firgbil. 
Conchobur Ua Neill was, however, killed immediately, 
through miracle of Colum-cille by Bonn 2 Ua Breslen, chief 
of Fanat. Cathal Ua Eghra was killed by Foreigners. 
A hosting [was made] by Aedh, son of Feidlimidh [Ua 
Conchobhair], into Breifni, so that he burned many towns 
and the crops. Complete defeat was given to a force of 
his routs, so that a great number of them were killed. 
John Fitz Thomas 3 and the Barrymore were killed by 
Finghin Mag Carrthaigh and by the Desmonians likewise 
and a large number of other Foreigners [were killed]. 
Finghin Mac Carrthaigh was killed by the Foreigners 
Aed Ua Neill the Tawny was expelled and Niall Culanach 
O'Neill (brother of Aedh) made king. Niall Ua Gairin- 
legaidb, chief of Cenel-Moain, died. Philip Mac Cinaetha, 
chief of the Cantred, was slain by Gilla-Muire Ua Cairre. 4 
(Patrick (that is, Mael-Padraig) Ua Sganuil, bishop of 
Rath-both, was elected unanimously as archbishop of Ard- 
Macha and he defended 5 at the Apostolic See the election 
made of himself. Amalgaidh Ua Ruadhagan, king of 
Ui-bhEathach, was killed by Donatus Ua Cairre and 
Donatus Ua Cairre was killed qn the same spot.) 


ragh more occisus fuit perFyniiium 
Makartii et DesmonienSes et alios 

The A-text shows that O'Hara 
(Ua Eagbra) was not killed by 
John or Thomas ; that the slayers 
in D had no existence ; that John 
Fitz Thomas, as well as Barrymore, 
was slain by Mac Caithy ; finally, 
that "the other English," instead 
of assisting to kill Barrymore, were 
killed themselves. 

4 Ua Cairre. D adds : Eodem 
anno, O'Donill, videlicet Donaldus 
Oge, obtinuit magnara victoriam 

adversus Niellanum Culanagh ( 
O'Neill, in qua non solum multi 
erant occisi, verum etiam magnus 
erat numerus captivorum Eogan- 
'ensium quos O'Donill secum ad- 
duxit ex ilia victoria, una cum 
Makawal [Mac Cathmhail], subre- 
gulo Generationis Fearaii [Cenel- 

The original is the final entry of 
this year in the Four Masters. 

5 Defended. That is, attended at 
the Curia to secure confirmation of 
his election. He was at the Papal 
Court at the time. 





]Cal.1an. (p.* 1,1; 7, aliap4') CCnno "001111111 
11.* Sluas" mop le TTlac Uilliam i ConnaccaiB, gup'- 
mille-o niopan leip. peif>limiT> hlla Concobmp 7 CCe-6, 
a mac 7 maici 8il-TninpeT>ai5 T>O Tjul co hep-puaiT> 
jxompo co bupmop bo Connacc leo an. a ca^afr, co n- 
oepnpat; fi"5 b . Cpeae mop T>O T>enum ta liCGei), mac 
ap. ^allaiC 8leiBe-iua 7 a Cia]^aif>e, co 
buayi inroa leo 7 fio mapb^ac ^ 1 
eaclamn,macr;aiT>5hlIi Concobaip, | 
, in Chpip:o quieinc. Cofimac, mac "Oomnailt 
TTleg Cafificaig, -DO mayibuii te 

[CC."O.TT). cc.lx. 111. ] "OomiiallhUa 2 T)omnaillT)omafi- 
bOT (T)htnnn c ) O c [\1\] b]\eiften i 3 cuipc 111 e^puic ipRaic- 
boc. *OaCi6 hUa pirn), ab na buitle, in Chnifco quieuic. 
, mac Con.maic, quieuir; in [Chpi^o]. 
hlla 2 Cltimain, eppuc Luine, quieuic in 
. "Comap hUa 2 Ceallai, eppuc Cluana-pepca. 
quieuic m [Cbpii"ix)J. SbDonn, pi loclann, T>O eg 1 n- 
mnpib Ope ic 4 cecc a n-Gpinn. 8anipar> ce ipin bba-oain 
pi. "Oonnpleibe TTlac Cacmail, cai| x ec Ceniuil- 

A.D. 1262. l limii), B. '-0, A. a, B. '15, A. * on blank 
space (The alternative reading refers to the cpact 23[-j-ll 30=4~|, erro- 
iieously given as that of the preceding year.), A ; blank space left in B. 
^om., B, C, D (in which the "Donnplei&e and CCet> buit>e follow the Cyxeac 
item). In A, the original reading was TK> mafibcro ro "Donn bfieiflen 

1262. l Mael-Secltlainn. Before 
this entry another hand placed (q.~ 
[aere] 1 263) on the margin of C ; 
meaning that the remaining items 
belonged perhaps to that year. 

[1263] J DomnaU. Here the 
.4. L. C. begin 1263 with the 
annual lorn-solar criteria. The 
re-adjustment of the chronology, 
chiefly in accordance with the 
A. L. C., is given within square 

bracket*. Confirmatory data are 
set forth under the several years. 
The textual arrangement has thus 
been preserved intact. The origi- 
nal dates (placed within round 
brackets on the margin) are, as a 
rule, correct in reference to the 
lateritcms. The additions, namely, 
were made under the respective 
years to which they were considered 
to belong. 



Kalends of Jan. (on 1st feria ; 7th, otherwise 4th, of the [1262] 
moon), A.D. 1262. A great host [was led] by Mac William 
[de Burgh] into Connacht, so that much was destroyed by 
him. Feidhlimidh Ua Conchobuir and Aedh, his son and 
the nobles of Connacht went to Es-ruadh before them 
with very great part of the cows of Connacht with them 
for the war, so that they made peace. A great foray was 
made by Aedh, son of Feidhlimidh, on the Foreigners of 
Sliabh-Lugha and into Ciaraidhe, so that they took many 
cows away with them and killed many Foreigners. Mael- 
Sechlainn, 1 son of Tadhg Ua Conchobair, bishop of Oil- 
finn, rested in Christ. Cormac, son of Domnall Mag 
Carrthaigh the Stammerer, was killed by Foreigners. 

[A.D. 1263] Domnall 1 Ua Domnaill killed Donn [I263j 
O'Breislen in the court of the bishop in Rath-both. 
David Ua Finn, abbot of the Buill, rested in Christ. 
Diarmaifc, son of Cormac [Mac Diarmata], rested in Christ. 
Aengus Ua Clumain, bishop of Luighni [Achonry], 
rested in Christ. Thomas Ua Ceallaigh, bishop of Cluain- 
ferta, rested in Christ. 2 Ebdonn, 3 king of Lochlann, died 
in the Isles of Ore in coming to Ireland, A hot Summer 
in this year. 4 Donnsleibe Mac Cathmail, chief of Cenel- 

C and D represent O'Donnell as 
slain by O'Breslen. This error has 
been dealt with in the textual note c-c. 

2 Rested in Christ. The Dean 
and Chapter of Clonfert wrote for 
royal licence to elect, Thomas, the 
bishop, having died on the Epi- 
phany [Jan. 6], 1263 (D. I., III. 
742). This goes to prove that the 
Loch Ce chronology is correct at 
this year. 

3 Ebdonn. "According to the Stiff a 
Hakonar Hakonarsonar, the Irish 
had sent ambassadors to king 
Hakon, offering to submit them- 

selves to him, if he would come 
and expel the English. See Saga 
Hakonar Hakonarsonar, c. 322 
(Fornmanna Sogur. Kaupmann- 
ahofn, 1835, vol. 10, p. 131) and 
Hunch's Norske Folks Historie, 
Christiania, 1858, vol. i., part iv., 
p. 407. The Chron. Mannie at 
1263 says : Venit Haco, rex Nor- 
wegiae, ad partes Scotiae (i.e. 
Hiberniae ?) et nihil expediena 
reversus est ad Orcades et ibidem 
apud Kirkwall mortuug." Note by 
Editor oiA.L.C. (in loco). 

4 This year. D adds: In quo 


Pepaf>ai3, occipup epc pep CCe-o bui-oe. CCe-5 buifce 
icepum T>O piga-o 7 Niall Culanac -DO innapbai). 

(parpiciup/ 1 n)on, TTIael-paTjpais, blla Ssannuil, 
apcbiepipcopup CCp-o[a]-Tnaea, ap pata CCipppmn cum 
pallio,m cpapr;ino1obannipbapr;ipr;[a]e 1 n-CCp-o-TTlaca. 
CCp mop ap Tainit5 an btiat>ain pi "0 P^a'5 7 "DO 

B 63c ICaL 1cm. (p.* 2, 1. 18,*) CCnno "Domini tn. cc. tx.iii. ob 
[-u ]. pei'&Limfi'D] hlla Choncobuip, cnpT>p.i Connacc, in 1 
r-aen ^aifet pob' pepp 2 mair[i]np -oobi 1 s n-Gpinn i n-a 
peimep -pem, mopanip e)^. Cacat, mac "Cai-os hUi 
Concobaip, -DO mapba-b le hCCei> hlla Concobaip. 
"Comap liUa 4 TTIaicm, eppuc Luine, quietnc in c [Chpiprx)]. 
'Comdp, mac phepjail TTlic *Oiapmar:a, eppuc Oit- 
pn-o, quieuic m c [Chpipco]. Caiplen ^lip^ DO lea^ab 
la hCCe-o, mac peif)Limre 6 7 le 'Oomnall hUa n-"0om- 
iiaill. TTluipefiac hUa 4 Cepbaill, caipec Calpai^i* ; 
Cacal T^la^ Ua^naill, raipec TTluinncepi-heolaip, 
quieuepunc m [Cbpipro]. ^illa-na-tlaem blla 4 Cumn, 
raipec mumnT;epi-5ill5a[i]ii mopruup epc.--ppacep 

Domnall was killed (lit. to be killed) by Donn O'Breislen. T)o was marked 
underneath by the text hand, to shew that it was to be omitted (the meaning 
thus being that Donn was killed by Domnall). But the scribe forgot to 
change "Donn into the genitive, "Oumn Ui. Then the later hand under- 
marked "Donn and placed "Ohuinn hUi leip overhead, making the sense : 
(Domnall Ua Domnaill [nom. abs.], the killing of Donn Ua Breisl-n [wa 
done} by him. In B (followed by C, D) -DO "Oonn hUa bfieipten by Donn 
Ua Breislen is given. But the slayer, as appears from an entry under 
the next year, was O'Donnell. d - J n. t. h., A; om., B. C, D. 

A.V. 1263. an, A. 'reap,^, A. s a, A. 0, A. perolim, B. -f6e, B. 
n. t. h., on blank space, A; blank in B. b Above the date a modern 
hand placed 1265, B. In C, another hand added (rectitis 1265). The 
rbmap (*;, SiUa-na-naem and Cotal TTIaj Ragnaill entries are 
omitted in D. c om., B. 

O'Donill, collecto magno exercitu, j I Roirk et Asperam Tertiam 
invaoit Fearmanagh [et] Breniffiam | [Garb-Trian] Connacie upque ad 



Feradhaigh, was slain by Aedh [Ua Neill] the Tawny. 
Aedh the Tawny again became king and Mall Culanach 
was expelled. 

(Patrick, that is, Mael-Padraig, Ua Sganuil, archbishop 
of Ard-Macha, said Mass with the Pallium on the morrow 
[of the feast] of John the Baptist 1 [Sunday, June 25] in 
Ard-Macha. Great destruction [was inflicted] on people 
this year by plague and by famine.) 

[The original entries under 1263 belong to 1265.] 

Kalends of Jan. (on 2nd feria, 18th of the moon), A.D. 
1263 1 [-5]. Feidhlimidh Ua Conchobuir, arch-king of 
Connacht, the Gaidhel of most goodness that was in Ire- 
land in his own period, died. Cathal, son of Tadhg Fa 
Conchobuir was killed by Aedh Ua Conchobair. Thomas 
Ua Maicin, bishop of Luighni [Achonry], rested in Christ. 2 
-Thomas, son of Ferghal Mac Diarmata, bishop of Oil- 
finn, 3 rested in Christ. The castle of Sligech was levelled 
by Aedh, son of Feidhlimidh and by Domnall Ua Dom 
naill. Muiredhach Ua Cerbaill, chief of Calraighe , 
Cathal Mag Raghnaill, chief of Muinnter-Eolais, rested in 
Christ. Gilla-na-naem TJa jDuinn, chief of Muinnter- 

Granardiam . Et obtenta victoria 
et obsidibus undique, rediit absque 
ulla resistentia. 

The original is given at 1262 in 
the Four Masters. 

(1232) l Morrow of John the 
Baptist The Four Masters read in 
the Octave ; which is meaningless 
here. The Chronicler noted the 
day, which, being Sunday, was 
naturally selected for the first ap- 
pearance of the archbishop in the 

[1265] ^1263. The entries of 
this (textual) year are dated 1265 

in the A. L. C. For the correct- 
ness thereof, see Notes 2, 3, 5, 

2 Rested in Christ. In a letter, 
given in the church of Achonry on 
the morrow of Trinity Sunday 
[Monday, June 1], 1265, the Dean 
and Chapter pray for royal licence 
to elect, by reason of the death of 
Bishop Thomas (D. /., II. 774). 

3 Bishop of Oilfinn. Towards the 
end of 1265, the Dean and Chapter 
of Elphin pray for royal licence to 
elect in place of Thomas, the late 
bishop (D. L, II. 781). It waa 




rrmicclcc ulcroli. 

pacpiciup SgannaiU aipt>eppuc CCfi-oa-muca, up d 
n-T>enam d Caibn>leac coircmne a n-"0poi6ecrc-da in 
blicrocnn fi (pepia* pecum>a, cepcia ec quapca pope 
pepcum Omnium SanccopunT)- 

("Oon-o' liUa bpeiplen T>O rhapbai) la "Oomnall hUu 
n-T)omnaiLl 1 Tlaic-boc i ctnpc an eappuig. CCei> bw&e 
hUa lleill "DO rabaipc m|ine TTlic ^oifoealbaij; in 

]CaL 1an. [p.* 111., t. xx.ix-"], CCnno "Domini m.'cc. - lx. 
1111. b "Oomnalt liUa he^pa, 1 |n Luijne, -DO manlxro -DO 

. TTIar^amain, mac 
fii Ciap-ai-oe, TX) mafiba-o -DO 
Cara[i]n, pi Cian[n]acz:, capcup 

CCip-oeppuc CCp-Da-TTIaca, 


- Cuniuitie hUa 2 
pep 07>onem c 

Sgannail, -DO f>enum 
rim cell CCp'oa - TTlaca 7 
TTlinupa T>O ca- 
co h CCp-D-TD aca lepm 
peap cecna ipm bliaTam 


TTlinupa TX> ra- 
baipc co hCCpT)-17l ac a 
leipin aipTjeppcop, 1-oon, le 
mael-pa-opaig hUa Sj;an- 
nail 7 an pep ceuna, it>on, 
1015, *oo "oenam 
tnmceall CCp-oa- TTlaca 
m blia-oam pi. 

AD. 1263. d d -DO -oenaiii, B. *itl., n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. " n. 
t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1264. ^easyxa, B. 2 0, A. "Blank space, A, B (with the 
name meaning down to the textual year 1314, inclusive). b 1266 overhead, 
n. t. h., B ; alias 1266, C. ^CCei) bui-oe (the Irish equivalent), B. 

granted through Maurice, their 
clerk {16., 786-7). 

4 This year. D adds : In quo 
O'Donill cum magno exercitu ivit 
in occurtmm Odonis I Conchuir ad 
Coreeleave, exinde ad Cruaghan 
et ultra flumen Suka ad Clan- 

Ricard, usque ad montes Eaghtai. 
Et in reditu ad Galliviam et Odone 
O'Connor redeunte ad propria, 
O'Donill cum suis pertransivit 
flumina Sruthair et Roba et nndi- 
que devastatione facta, in Tirta- 
waillii [Tir-Amhalghadha] rediit, 



Gillga[i]n, died. Friar Patrick O'Sgannail, archbishop of [1265] 
Ard-Macha, held a General Chapter in Drochet-atha this 
year 4 (the 2nd, 5 3rd and 4th week-days after the Feast of 
All Saints). 

(Bonn 1 Ua Breslen was killed by Domnall Ua Domnaill (1263) 
in Rath-both in the court of the bishop. Aedh Ua Neill 
the Tawny took the daughter of Mac G-oisdealbaigh to 

Kalends of Jan. [on 3rd feria, 29th of the moon], A.D. [i264Bis.] 
1264. 1 Uomnali Ua Eghra, king of Luighni, was killed 
by the Foreigners. Matbgamain, son of Ceithernach 
Ua Ceirin, king of Ciaraidhe, was killed by Foreigners. 
Cumhuidhe Ua Catha[i]n, king of Ciannachta, was taken 
prisoner by Aedh the Tawny. 

(A) _ (B) 

The archbishop of Ard- Friars Minor were brought 
Macha, namely, Mael-Pat- to Ard-Macha by the arch- 
bishop, namely, by Mael- 
Padraig Ua Sgannail and 
the same person, that is, 
Mael-Padraig, made a ditch 
around Ard-Macha this 

raic O'Sgannail, "made a 
ditch around Ard-Macha 
and Friars Minor were 
brought to Ard-Macha by 
the same person in tbis 


citra flumen Moye, cum multis 
arraentis et obsidibus, habita vic- 
toria in toto suo progressu ilia 

The original is given in the Four 
Masters at 123. 

8 The 2nd, etc. The interlineation 
shows that the date was 1265. In 
that year Ail Saints' Day (Nov. 1 ) 
fell on Sunday. In 1263, it fell 
on Wednesday. 

(1263) 1 Bonn. This agrees 
with the chronology of the Annals 
of Loch Ce, which place the death 
of O'Breslen in 1263. See above, 
the first entry under [ 1263]. 

[1264] l Of the entries under 
this year, the 1st. 3rd and 4th are 
given in the A. L. C. at 1264 ; the 
2nd is at 1 266 ; the 1st is repeated 
at the latter year. 



(GCei)' 1 bui'De hUa Meill, pi Thipe-heosain, TK> |aflail 
ipiall. | Oene-Dicno pfiarfiip Carhotia, 
T>omup CCporcolopum pecfti ec paub 7>e 
CCfvomacha, at) abbaciam -Domup panccae TDapiae T>e 
Clocap. Ppcrceji Pacpiciup hUa TYlupea-oail, abbap 
monaprepn CCpoprolopum pecpi ec paub, T>epopicup 
ec fubfcicucuf e\*t abbap -oe "Oaepi, fcibcec, 

1an. [p. a un., Lii.'], CCnno"Oomini 111." cc.Lx. .u ob 
[-U11. ]. Ca^a-o mop ecep p,i Saxan -j ^imunn TTlupofi-D. 
TTlac Suifine T>O ^abail La "Oomnatt TTlac 
7 a cmntacuT) illaim in 1 lafita 7 a 5 ipn 2 
. peiT>limit> c btla Concobaifi, 3 pi Connacc mop- 

(Ppacefv d pacfiicnip hUa THuipea'Dais afi n-a 

cum a abT>aine pem. CCer* bui'oe bUa lleitl 7 
a bupc, i7>on, 1apla Ula-o, -DO T>ul a "Cip-Conaill, 
plua-5, 7 mp' gaCa-Dap ceann, na cfieifi. d ; 

[bi r .] ]caL 1an. [p.* 1., L xin., a ] CCnno "001111111 TT1. cc. lx- 
tn. ob [-uiii.] Concobup hUa bfiiam, \A "Cucrb-murncm, TX> 
TbapbaT* la "Oiapmaic, mac TY)uificepxai! hUi bp-iain 7 

B 63d p.i [a] mac, Seoimn 7 T>aine | imfia aiti 1 (7 bjiian, 
a mac, T>O ^abail a inaT5 c ). T/oifipttelbac, mac CCe-oa 

A.D. 1264. d ^n. t. h.,A; om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1265. l an, A. a i|xin, A. buifi, A. " 1267, overhead, n. t. h.. 
B ; alias 1267, C. c Opposite this word, 1. m., n. t. h., B, is : supra in inUio 
paginae, referring to the top of the column, where the obit i also recorded, 
under 1263[-5]. This duplicate entry is given in A, B, C, D. d-d n . t. h., 
A ; om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1266. l eile, A ; ii, B. b 1268, overhead, n. t. h., B ; rectiut 
1268,0. "r. m., t. h., B ; om., A, C; given hi D. 

[127] 1 1265. Henceforward, 
to 1378 (=1373 of ten). after which 
year the chronology ia correct, 
in Tixt and Translation, the 

square - bracketted Ferial and 
Epact correspond with the simi- 
larly placod A.D. 

All the items are given under 



(Aedh Ua Neill the Tawny, king of Tir-Eogain, took (12<J4) 
the lordship of Oirghialla. Benediction of Friar Catho- 
licus, Precentor of the House of the Apostles Peter and 
Paul of Ard-Macha, to the abbacy of the House of St. 
Mary of Clochar. Friar Patrick Ua Muireadhaigh, abbot 
of the Monastery of the Apostles Peter and Paul, was 
deposed and the abbot of Daire, namely, Christian Mag 
Shamhragan, was substituted.) 

[The entries of 1266 are omitted.] 

Kalends of Jan. [on 7th feria, 2nd of the moon], A.D. [1267] 
1265 1 [-7]. Great war 2 between the king of the Saxons 
and Simon Montfort. Murchadh Mac Suibhne was taken 
prisoner by Domnall Mac Maghnusa and he was handed 
into the custody of the Earl [de Burgh] and he died in the 
prison. Feidhlimidh Ua Conchobair, king of Connacht, 
died. 3 

(Friar Patrick Ua Muiredhaigh was taken back to his (126-)) 
own abbacy. Aedh Ua Neill the Tawny and Walter de 
Burgh, nameh r , Earl of Ulster, went into Tir-Conaill with 
a host and they gained neither hold nor sway.) 

Kalends of Jan. [on 1st feria, 13th of the moon], A.D. [1268] 
1266[-8]. Concobur 1 Ua Briain, king of Thomond,- was 
killed along with [his] son, Johnikin, by Diarmait, son of 
Muircertach Ua Briain. And many other persons [were 
slain with him]. (And Brian the Red, his son, took his 

1265 in the A. L. C. The two 
first are, however, repeated at 
1267. The true year is determined 
if the opening entry refers to the 
battle of Evesham, which was 
fought Aug. 6, 1265. 

2 Great war. Expanded thus in 
D : Maxima belli expectatio ac 

violentarum guerrarum commo- 

3 Died. Repetition of an obit at 
1265 (=1J63 of text), supra. 

[1268] l Conchobur.The four 
original items of the textual year, 
1266, are given under 1268 in the 
A. L. C. 



bill Concobuip,T>alcabUa 2 -mbpiuin,quieuicin d [CbpipT;o]. 

Concobup bUa Cealtaig quieinc in d [Cbpiptx)]. "Oiap- 
maic bUa bpiain, in pep lep'Tnapba-b Concobup, T>O 
mapbai) mT). 

(ecclepa* maiop pancci pacpicu m CCp-omacbenpe 
fciuica^e] mppa mupum mcepca epr: pep CCpchiepifco- 
pum CCfi-oinachanum, IT> e^c, fnaet-pa-Dfiais bUa 
SgannaiLL. Laclamn TTlacana excfia popcam cupi[a]e 
"Dommi CCfttbiepifcopi m utcionem TTIu]\cai'D lilli 
CCnluain peyi Gacmaficac bUa bCCnluain epc occif f uf. 
Cimirefiium pparfium TTlinoyium T)e CC^-omacba conpe- 
cpcrcum epc pep eunT>em pcrcfiicium, CCpcbiepifcopum er; 
"Dominof Haporenpeni, "Dunnofienpem ec Coiroejienpenv 

Pficrcen. Capbpicuf bUa Scuaba conpecpacup 
Uapocenpem [epifcopum*]. 


]CaL 1cm. [p.* m., L xxnii., a ] CCnno *Oomini TT1. cc. lx. 
uii- b [-ix.] Caipten Tlopa-Comain T>O ftenaiti ta 

"O'Uppopr, Itipcip na bepenn 1 7 le ^atlaiC Gpenn pe 
pi|i 2 CCef>a, mic peit>limre blli c Concobuip c 7 CCe-o pem i 
n-galup an can pm 7 pocpeca^ 7 pobaipgeT) mopan T>O 
ConnaccaiB cum m caiplein pin. Caiplen Sligig "DO 
oenum te TDac TTluipip. "Ca-bg, macMeiUTDic tTluipe- 

A.D. 1266. S 0, A. dom., B. M n. t.h., A ; cm., B, C. The last 
item is given in D. 

A.D. 1267. i-itvo, B. ^jxige, B. 1269, overhead, n. t. h., B ; alias 
1269, C. "-"om., B, C; given in D. 

2 Was killed therefor. D adds : 
in ecclesia magna Ardmagbnensi, 
de consens'i et industria archi- 
episcopi Patricii I Skanill. The 
translator apparently confounded 
this with the following (additional) 

(1266) ' Church. Placed, no 

doubt correctly, by the four 
Masters under 1268. 

3 Ua Scuaba. The^. L. C. call 
him a Dominican, adding that he 
was consecrated in Armagh in 1266. 
On the translation of O'Sgannel to 
Armagh (1261, supra), the minority 
of the Chapter elected the arch. 



place.) Toirrdhelbach, son of Aedh Ua Conchobuir, the [1268] 
foster-son of the Ui-Briuin, rested in Christ. Conchobur 
Ua Ceallaigh, rested in Christ. Diarmait Ua Briain, the 
person by whom was killed Conchobur, was killed there- 
for. 2 

(The larger church 1 of St. Patrick in the city of Ard- (1266) 
Macha within the wall was commenced by the archbishop 
of Ard-Macha, namely, Mael-Padraig Ua Sgannail. 
Lachlainn Ma[c] Cana was slain outside the door of the 
court of the Lord Archbishop by Eachmarcach Ua Anluain, 
in revenge of [the slaying of] Murchadh Ua Anluain. 
The Cemetery of the Friars Minor of Ard-Macha was 
consecrated by the same Patrick, archbishop and the Lords 
[bishops] of Rath-both, Dun and Conneri. Friar Cairbre 
Ua Scuaba 2 was consecrated bishop of Rath-both,) 

Kalends of Jan. [on 3rd feria, 24th of the moon], A.D. [1269] 
1267 ] [-9]. The castle of Ros-Comain was built by Robert 
D'Ufford, Justiciary of Ireland and by the Foreigners of 
Ireland during the reign of Aedh, son of Feidhlimidh Ua 
Conchobuir. And Aedh himself was in sickness at that 
time and much of Connacht was despoiled and harried for 
[the building of] that castle. The castle of Sligeach was 
built by Fitz Maurice. 2 Tadhg, son of Niall Mac Muired- 

deacon, Henry; the majority, the 
abhot of " the Monastery of Nigra- 
cella " [Dub-Ilecles] of Derry. 
The archbishop of Armagh an- 
nulled the election of the arch- 
deacon, who proceeded to Rome to 
prosecute an appeal and died there. 
On Dec. 3, 1263, Urban IV. passed 
over the abbot and appointed John 
de Alneto, a Franciscan resident in 
Ireland (Theiner, pp. 92-3). On 
the 28ih April, 1265, John was 

excused on the plea of incurable 
infirmity by Clement IV., who re- 
served the appointment to himself 
(ib., p. 96). The result appears in 
the present entry. 

[1269] '7.267. The original 
entries of the (textual) year 1267 
are given in the A. L. C. under 

* Fitz- Maurice. D adds: Quod 
antea O'Donill et Odo O'Connor 
f unditus prostrarunt- 


awicclcc ulcroti. 

T>ai|, TX> mapba-o i n-Oil-pinn T>O peppenac -oocnaic *oo 
mumnnn, a bparap pem." CCe'5, mac "Oomnaill hUi 
Pep^aill, T>O mapbai) T>O 54iallail5 7 "*>'<* bpaicpiB pein. 
dei) hUa inn, pai oippiTHj;, cftneuic in 3 [Chpipto]. 
bpian, d mac "Oomnaill miib hlli ea^pa, -DO mapbaft la 

("Oauif>' hUa bfta^an, epba^ Clocaifi, qtn 
ec pi>ebT:e|i ppo -Depencione iuycici[a]e er iupif eccle- 
Vi[a]e Clocbo|ienfif pep cempup uic[a]e eiup labopauir, 
hoc anno. Ocur a a^lacaf> imlTlainifrifi TTIhelli- 
, oip Dobo manac T)'a mancaiC pein he poimefin.*) 

Ian. [p- a 1111., I- u., a ] CCnno "Oommi m. cc. lx. 
uiu. b [-locx ] TTlaiT)m CCra-m-cip le hCCei), mac peiT>- 
limre 7 le Connaccaio' a\\ m 1anla, iT>on ap Uacen. 1 a 
bupc 7 an. ^hallaiC 6nenn ancena, T>U i ruca"5 an. 
A 62b oiaipnii'De 2 | an. ^liallaiB 7 -oogabai) ann Uilliam 65 a 
bunc 7 poniapba'5 e iafn>am ipm laim ceina. Ocup nf 
mo copgaip net caripal Tj'a cucpar; ^ai^ohil -DO ^ballai15 
1 n-6nmn yiiam map. llai]i|iomapba'D Rican.T>nacoille f 
bp.araifi an 1apla, 7 Seon buicilep. 7 jii-Den-e-Da 8 inroa 
aib* 7 5 01 ^ 7 5 ai ^ 1 ^ T)iai r i ' Tl1 '^ e 7 popa^u'D cec 6 T>'eucai6 
co n-a ImpecaiC 7 co n-a n-T)illaiciC. Comafiba 

;, iDon, TTIael-paT)iiai5 bUa Sgan-Dail, quieuic m 
t mop, T>o t p]olacT:a 1 n-Opinn ipm 

A.D. 12C7. 3 om.. B. d-d om ., B, C, D. - n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. ' 
A.D. 1268. Jbhai-, B. 2 me, A. 'frnx^a (=eT>a), A ;&ba, B. 
4 eile, A; n., B. * .c. (the Latin equivalent). A, B. 8 a, A. "1271 
(alia* 1270), overhead, n. t. h., B ; recliut 1270, n. t. h., C. om., A ; 
given in B, C, D. d O m., B, C, D. 

[Chpipro]. 5 

(1267) * Ua Braffan.His death 
is given by the f. M. at 1269. 
But thf prei-ent obit appears to 
have been cr>mpi*ed hv one well 
acquainted with the date. 

2 Before that. That is, the con- 

text shows, before he was made 
bishop. The F. J/. omit the words ; 
whence U'Donovan (iii. -106) erro- 
neou-ly concluded that O'Bragan 
" bud retired into the monastery 
some time before his death." 



haigh, was killed in Oil-finn by an ill-mannered servitor 
of the retinue of his own kinsman. Aerl h, son of Domnall 
Ua Ferghaill, was killed by the Foreigners and by his 
own kinsmen. Aedh Ua Finn, master of harmony, rested 
in Christ. Brian, son of Domnall Ua Eaghra the Black, 
was killed by the Foreigners. 

(David Ua Bragan, 1 bishop of Clochar, who laboured 
courageously and faithfully in defence of justice and the 
right -if the church of Clochar during the time of his life, 
died this year. And he was buried in the Monastery of 
Mellifont, for he was a monk of its monks before that. 2 ) 

Kalends of Jan. [on 4th feria, 5th of the moon], A.D. 
1268 1 [-70]. The defeat of Ath-in-chip 2 [was inflicted] 
by Aedh, son of Feidhlimidh [Ua Conchobair] and by the 
Connachtmen 011 the Earl, namely, on Walter de Burgh and 
on the Foreigners of Irelandbesides, wherein was committed 
slaughter innumerable on the Foreigners. And William 
de Burgh junior was taken prisoner there and he was 
killed afterwards in' the same captivity. And not greater 
than it was any defeat, or battle-rout that the Gaidhil ever 
gave to the Foreigners in Ireland previously. For there 
was killed Richard of the Wood, kinsman of the Earl, as 
well as John Butler and many other knights and 
Foreigners and Gaidhil innumerable. And there were 
abandoned one hundred horses 3 with their breastplates 
and with their saddles. The successor of [St.] Patrick, 4 
namely, Mael-Padraig Ua Sgannail, rested in Christ. 


[1270]. i 1268. The original 
items of the (textual) year 1268 
are given in the A. L. C. at 1270 ; 
except the last, which is placed 
under 1269. The second is also 
given at the latter year. 

2 Ath-in-chip. Ford of the beam. 
Apud Vadura trabis, vulgo dictum 
Agh kipp, D. 

3 Horses, etc. Centum equiAng- 
lico aparatu circumdati, una cum 
militum armatura relicti fuerunt, 

4 Successor of Patrick That is, 
archbishop of Armagh. The tex- 
tual date, we have abundant proof, 
is two years in advance. Brictius 
(presumably, the Latin alias of 




(xmiccicc utcroli. 

bliat>ain fi. Cpirnna, ingen htJi Uectain, bean 
"Oiapmaca TTlvoi TTlic "Oiapmcnxi, m bean pob' pepp 
oelb d 7 eineac d 7 cpa!5af> pobai 1* n-aen aimpp pia* 7 
ip mo rue Wn Opt) liar, quietus in Clipipro. d 

(TTIael-paT)nai f hUa Sgannail, aip-oeapbas CCip-o- 
TDaca, T>O ftul gu ceac pi Saxan an bliarain f i 7 a 
reacc anoi]i apip an blia-oam cecna mailli pe cumaccain 
tiioip- Gacrfiajicac hlla CCnluam, fi 
pep Ualcepum fHaipep, iT>on, ConpcabLa 
7 T)ocepno uai>a apif an blia-&ain cecna. fnicbaelTTlac 
an-c-8baip, Oippicel CCn.T>-TTIaca, T>O confecpaicc le 
baipT>eafbo5 CCip/o-maca, i n-a eafbog i CLocup, in 
cpapcino Naauicanp beacae TTlapi[a]e. f ) 

[v.'u., L XMII.,'] CCnnoT)owini Lx. ix. b 
B 64a [-Lrx. 1.] j TTlac 8eoa[i]n 1bepT>un -Domapbat* le Ucrcep 1 
a bupc- Simon TTIa^ [C]pair. -Deganac CCpT>a-capna, 
quieuic m [Cbpipro]. macsaniain TTlag Capprai -DO 
mapbaf*. bhdirep a bupc, 1apla Ula^ 7 nepna 
Connacc, mopcuup epc. Caiplen 'Cai^i-ceinpla TK> 
bpifiu-5 la hCCei) blla Concobuip. "Oonncaf THhag 
8hampuf>ain qtneinc in [Cbpipro]. Caiplen Hopa- 

A.D. 1263. d - d om., B, C, D. i n-a haimp|\ in her (own) time, B 
(followed by C, D). M n.t.h, A ; om.. B, C, D. 

A.D. 1269. i 6hdi , A. c mac TTIheg (Capyitai^ on of Jfa; (Carr- 
thaigh), B. 

Mael-, or Gilla-, Brigte), canon of 
Armagh, having gone to Henry 
III., with letters of the Deau and 
Chapter announcing the death of 
Patrick, the archbishop, licence to 
elect was granted (D. I., II. 869) 
in the beginning of May, 1270. 

The election of Nicholas, canon 
of Armagh, was confirmed (Theiner, 
p. 101) by Gregory X., July 13, 

1272. (The delay was apparently 
owing to the interregnum between 
the demise of Clement IV., Nov. 
29, 1268, and the coronation of 
Gregory X., Jan. 27, 1272.) The 
confirmation having been notified 
to the king by the Curia, the tem- 
poralities were restored to the 
archbishop on the ensuing Sept. 25 
(D. f., II. 927). 



Great, unbearable famine in Ireland this year. Christina, [1270] 
daughter of Ua Nechtain, wife of Diarmait Mac Diarmata 
the Midian, the woman that was of best shape and gene- 
rosity and piety that was in one time with herself and 
that gave most to the Grey Order, 5 rested in Christ. 

(Mael-Padraig Ua Sgannail, archbishop of Ard-Macha, (1268) 
went to the house of the king of the Saxons this year and 
came from the east again the same year with great power. 
Eachmarcach Ua Anluain, king of the Oirthir, was 
taken prisoner by Walter deMarisco, namely, the Constable 
of Ros-na-cairge and he escaped from him the same year. 
Michael Mac-an-tshair, 1 Official of Ard-Macha, was conse- 
crated bishop in Clochar by the archbishop of Ard-Macha, 
on the morrow of the Nativity of Blessed Mary [Sept 8 2 }. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 5th feria, 16th of the moon], A.D. [1271] 
1269 1 [-71]. The son 2 of John de Verdon was killed by 
Walter de Burgh. Simon Mag Craith, dean of Ard-carna, 
rested in peace. Mathgamain Mag Carrthaigh was 
killed. Walter de Burgh, Earl of Ulster and lord of 
Connacht, died. 3 The castle of Tech-templa was broken 
down by Aedh Ua Conchobuir. Donnehadh Mag Shamh- 
rudhain rested in Christ. 4 The castle of Ros-comain and 

5 Grey Order. Namely, the Cis- 

(1268) iMac-an-tshavr. Son of 
the wright. Generally anglicized 

2 Sept. 8. In 1268 it fell on 
Sunday, one of the days prescribed 
for conferring episcopal consecra- 

[1271] * 1269. Of the entries 
of the (textual) year, 1269, the first, 
fourth, fifth, and seventh (except 
the Ros-Comam item) are given in 
the A. L. C. at 1271. The sixth, 

Ros-Comain of the seventh, the 
eighth, ninth and eleventh are 
placed under 1272 in the same 

2 The son. Called Nicholas in 
the A. L. C. ; which state that he 
wa8 slain by Geoffrey O'Ferrall and 
the people of Annaly (co. Long- 

3 Died. In Gal way castle, ac- 
cording to the A. L. C. 

4 Rested in Christ. In the A. L. 
C. he is said to have been slain by 
his brother, Thomas. 




Comam 7 caiplen 811515 7 caiplen CCca-tia^ T>O legati la 
hCCeD, mac TJeiDlimfce. 

[bi r .] [CC.T). m. cc. lxx. 11.] TTluinpp, mac "OonncaDa, 
duenna "Chipe-bOilella, nee Dob' pepji emec 7 nnnlaca-5 
DO Connaccaio', TX> eg a TTlun.o'ac illonsponr; 2 bUi "Oom- 
naitl 7 a bneic co TTlaimpcen. na buitle 7 a aDnucal 
mDci co honofiac. Clann-TTiuin.cenT;ai5 DO Dtil 1 n- 
lafirap Chonnacc, 5U|i'ma|iba5 leo hOi7>p TTlac 
TTlheb|iic 3 7 hCCnfii bumLtep. Caiflen Renna-T>um T>O 
lea^a-S la hCCe-5 bUa Concobuiji. "Ca-og -oall, mac 
CCef>a, quieuic in Cbpipro d . 

jCaU 1an. [p.* i.,l.ix.'], CCnno "Domini TT1 . cc. Ixx."[-in0 0b 
Concobufi buvoe, TTlac CCipc bUi Ruaipx:, pi bp,eipne,T)o 
mafiba-& la mac Concobuip., mic "Chisepnaf^n hlli Con- 
cobuip, 7 fiomayiba-o in c-e fiomajiB. 6acai-5 TTIds 
A62c TDarsamna quieuicm [Ch|iifco]. | Cfiec 1 -Do-feenum -DO 
Shiujican -o'eifecpa ipn Cofiunn 7 becan -DO macaiB 
jug Connacc T>O bneic po^fia 7 aimglicup DO Denum cpe 
pupail Dfioc-baine, gun-'mapbaD "Dorhnall, mac "Oonn- 
caf>a, mic TTlasnufa 7 TDagnup, mac CCin.^ 7 Oipeccac 
TTlac GC6T>Uain 2 7 CCe-5 bUa bijin 7 Dame mrba aili. s 

(LoDotncufV iDon, LoDaip naem, fii pyianc, DO Dili 
cum nime, Decimo quafit:o jCalenDap Sepambpif, in 
bliaDam pi, 1270; iDon, LoDaip, mac LoDaip. c ) 

A.D. 1269. "along , A. s miiejxic,A. The t. h. wrote tiiec ; p-t 
W&B inserted, n. t. h. b 1272, overhead, n. t. U.,B ; alias 1271, n. t. h., C. 
c mac TDheg (CaTiyxfeais) son of Mac (Carrthaigh), B. d om., A. 

A.D. 1270. qxeac, B. J gan, A. * eile, A ; ii , B. b 1273, over- 
head, n. t. h., B ; alien 1272 ; rrl 1273, n. t. h., C. c -t. m., t.h., A ; om., 
B, C, D. 

[1272] l Maurice, etc. From this 
entry to the textual year 1281 (= 
1284) inclusive, these Annals are 
three years antedated. 

9 Clann - Muircertaigh. Descen- 

dents of Muircertach (the Momonian, 
son of Turlough Mor O'Conor, king 
of Connacht). 

1 Tadhg the Blind. Grandson of 
Cathal Red-hand O'Conor, king of 



the castle of Sligeach and the castle of Ath-liag were [1271] 
levelled by Aedh, son of Feidhlimidh [Ua Conchobair]. 

[A.D. 1272]. Maurice, 1 son of Donnchadh [Ua Mael- [i2"2Bis.] 
ruanaigh] lord of Tir-Oilella, one that was the best of the 
Connachtmen for hospitality and gratuity, died in Mur- y( 
bach, in the camp of Ua Domnaill and he was carried to the 
Monastery of the Buill and honourably buried therein. 
The Clann-Muircertaigh 2 went into the "West of Connacht, 
so that Hoidsi Mac Mebric and Henry Butler were killed 
by them. The castle of Rinn-duin was levelled by Aedh Ua 
Conchobuir. Tadhg the Blind, 3 son of Aedh, rested in 

Kalends of Jan. [on 1st feria, 9th of the moon,] A.D. [1273] 
1270 1 [-3]. Conchobur the Tawny, son of Art Ua Ruairc, 
king of Breifni, was killed by the son of Conchobur, son 
of Tigernan Ua Concobuir and he who killed [him] was 
killed therein. Eochaidh Mac Mathgamna [king of Oirg- 
hialla] rested in Christ. 2 A foray was made by Jordan de 
Exeter into the Corann. And a few of the sons of the 
kings of Connacht overtook them and an imprudence was 
committed [by the Connacht leaders] through advice of 
evil persons, so that Domnall, son of Donnchadh, son of 
Maghnus [Ua Conchobair] and Maghnus, son of Art [Ua 
Conchobair] and Oirechtach Mac Aedhugain and Aedh Ua 
Birn and many other persons were killed. 

(Louis, 1 namely, Saint Louis, king of the French, went (1270) 
to heaven on the 14th of the Kalends of September [Aug. 
19] this year, 1270. That is Louis [IX.], son of Louis 

Connacht, according to the A. L. 
C. ; which add that he was blinded 
by the O'Reillys (co. Cavan). 

[1273] 1 1270- All the entries 
of the (textual) year 1270 are given 
in the A. L. C. under 1273. 

2 Rested in Christ. But the 
A. L. C. state that he and many 
others along with him were slain 
by O'Hanlon and the Cenel-Owen. 

(1270) * Louis. Died Aug. 25 
(L'Art de vtrif. lea dates), 1270; 



cmNCctcc moron. 

B64b ]Cal. 1an. [p.* 11.. 1. ccx-'], CCnno "Domini m. cc. lxxi. ob 
[-in. ] "Ooitinall, mac TTla^nufa, true ttltnpcepcais 
TThnmnis bUi Concobmp, pai bptnnnci 7 yeicenj coiEcenn, 
comlcm c DOjT^cinitrb ftaenna, quieuic m [Cbpipco]. 
illa-na-naem pepcnl, aen pagu 1 raipec 6penn 1 2 n-a 2 
aimpp pei 11, qtneuit d m [Cbpipco] . d CCe-5, mac peifc- 
limce 3 hth Concobuip, pi Connacc 7 aftbup aip*opi5 
Gpenn, pep ba mo Spain 7 copjjap TX)bi i n-epmn, 
quieuic 111 [Chfttfco]. 'Gisefinan, mac CCe-5a hUi 
Uuaific, pi Opeipne, quieuic in [Chpifco]. 6o^an, mac 
Ruaif)pi bill 4 Concobaip, pi Connacc pepaici, amapba^ 
1 TTlainifcip na m-bparap 1 Hop-Comain (10*0 bpaicpiC 
pem e ). CCef, mac Cacail T>oill bt1i Concobuip, pi Con- 
nacc pe caeiciftip, quietus m [Cbpipco] ("Oomapbaf>* 
ta "Commalcac TTIbasOipeaccais 7 -DO comaiple ^ 1 ^ a ~ 
Cpipc bUi bbipn.'). Coral TDas pblanncai>a, taipec 
T>apcpaisi, quieuir: m [Chpipco]. "Ca-og blla 5 "Oalai 
(iT>on/ mac CepBail bui*oe, T)'ap n-T)oi5 f ), fai maic pe 
nan, quieuic m [Cbpipco]. Caipbpi bUa Sguaba, eppuc 
"Cipe-Conaill, (m g Cbpi^TO qtneuic ec*) m Cupia obnc. 

(THail-Seaclamn, h mac CCmlaim, mic CCipc bUi 
Huaipc, pig "Oapcpaige, T>O mapba-5 la ConcuCap, mac 
"Oomnaill, mic Meill bUi Ruaipc. h ) 

A.D. 1271. a -a, B. 2 - 2 na (aphaeresis of i), A. 3 -iniT>, B. 4 1, A. 
8 0, A. b 1274 overhead, n. t. h., B ; reetiui 1274, n. t. h., C. c om., B. 
d ^ om., A. * ill., n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. "itl., t. h., B ; om., A ; 
given in C, D. -*in Christo qvieuit is the textual reading in B. Ei in 
curia obiit is interlined, t. h. C has in Christo guievit, with in curia inter- 
lined. D gives guievit. h ' h n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 

canonized by Boniface VIII., Aug. 
11, 1297. 

1.1274] 1 1271. The first of entry 
the (textual) year 1271 is dated 1273 
in the A. L. C. The others (except 
the last, which is under 1275) are 
given at 1274 in the same Annals. 

8 Aedh. Thus freely rendered in 

D : Odo Mac Feilem I Conor, rex 
Conaciae, qni fuit expectatus 
futurus rex Hibernie propter sua 
magnalia acta contra Anglicanos, 
cum quibus cunctis diebus sue vite 
incessanter luctabal, quieuit. 

In the A. L. C., Aedh is said to 
have died on Thursday, May 3, the 



Kalends of Jan. [on 2nd feria, 20th of the moon], A.D. [1274] 
1271 ] [-4]. Domnall, son of Maghnus, son of Muircertach 
Ua Conchobuir the Momonian, eminent donor and a general, 
perfect benefactor to the human race, rested in Christ. 
Gilla-na-naem O'Ferghail, the most choice of the chiefs of 
Ireland in his own time, rested in Christ. Aedh, 2 son of 
Feidhlimidh Ua Conchobuir, king of Connacht and future 
arch-king of Ireland, the man most feared and victorious 
that was in Ireland, rested in Christ. Tigernan, son of 
Aedh Ua Ruairc, king of Breifni, rested in Christ. 
Eogan, son of Ruaidhri Ua Concobair, king of Connacht 
for a quarter [of a year], was killed in the Monastery of 
the Friars in Ros-Comain (by his own kinsmen). Aedh, 
son of Cathal Ua Concobuir the Blind, king of Connacht 
for a fortnight, rested 3 in Christ. (He was killed by 
Tomaltach Mag Oirechtaigh and by counsel of Gilla- 
Crist Ua Birn.) Cathal Mag Flannchadha, chief of 
Dartraighe, rested in Christ. Tadhg Ua Dalaigh (namely, 
son of Cerball the Tawny, in our opinion), a good master 
in poetry, rested in Christ. Cairbre Ua Sguaba, bishop 
of Tir-Conaill, (rested in Christ and) died in the Curia. 4 

(Mail-Sechlainn, 1 son of Amlaimh, son of Art Ua Ruairc, (1271) 
king of Dartraighi, was killed by Conchubhar, sou of 
Domnall, son of Niall Ua Ruairc.) 

feast of the Finding of the Holy 
Cross. Accordingly, at this year 
the Annals of Ulster are three years 
in advance. In 1274, May 3 fell 
on Thursday ; in 1271, on Sunday. 

3 Rested. Namely, died a natural 
death. So the two MSS. and the 
two translations. But there can be no 
doubt, from the proofs given in the 
A. L. C., that he was slain. The 
correction interlined in A is con- 
sequently well founded. 

4 Died in the Curia. That is, in 

the Papal Court. ' Ware (Bishops, 
ed. Harris, p. 271) states on the 
authority of the "Annals of ' Loch- 
Kee " that Bishop O'Scoba died at 
Rome ; but it is clear that Ware 
did not quote from the original of 
the present volumes, as there is no 
mention of Rome either in this MS., 
or in the so-called Annals of Con- 
nacht.' (Note to A. L. C., i. p. 
478. ) Ware most probably quoted 
from C, in which in Curia is inter- 
lined over in Christo. 

(1271) ' Mail-Sechlainn. Given 


<rwicclcc utcroti. 

]Cal 1an. [p.* m.,L i.'], CCnnoT)omini m. cc. lxx.ii. ob 
[-U.'] CCpc, mac Ca6ail piabai, pi bpeipne, mopcuup 
epc. Ruai"5pi, mac "Coipp-oelbai^ hUi Concobuip, -DO 
Satfail T>'a bpacaip pein, -DO Oia-os, mac T^hoippftelbais 
hUi c Concobaip (7 'Ccrog, mac Cacail, mic "OiapmoT>a, 
DO apsam uile teip) 7 Concobup, mac pepsail, mic 
"Oonnccroa, mic TTluipcepcaii;, TOO mafiba-o t>'a bpa^aifi 
pein. 1n c-eppuc hUa 1 Lai-oig, 1 efpuc Cille-atcrb, quiemc 
in [Chpifco]. 

(Ruaigpi* 1 hUa ConcuEaip T)'eto5 7 Concut5ap hUa 
hCCinb -DO bpeic teif 7 a leanmuin gu maic 7 bpeic ap 
ConcuBap 7 a mapbau Caipbpe hllu pguaba, eppcop 
ftaca-bor, quieuic. CCpc, mac CaraiL piabaig, pi 
bpeipne, T>O mapba-o -oo TDhuinnp-^heapu-oan. 
TTlhacc SharTipulain -DO mapba^ la Cmel-Luacan. d ) 

1an. [p.* 1111. 1. xii. '], CCnno *0ommi m. cc. lxx. 
in. ob [-ui.] CCei) TTluimnec, macpeiT>limce, 1 T)ociaccain 
apn TTlumain imepc Connacc 7 ciacc 2 -ooClamn "Caipp- 

A.D. 1272. ^^allaiTOg, A. b 1275 overhead, n. t h., B ; alias, 
1275, n. t h., C. c - c om., B, C, D. The portion within brackets is itl., 
n. t. h. " n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1273. ^iriif), B. 3 cocc, B. 1276, overhead, n. t. h., B ; alias, 
1276, n. t. h., C. 

under 1274 in the A. L. C. It ia 
accordingly misplaced here. 

[1275] *i2?2. The entries, both 
original and added, of the (textual) 
year 1272 are dated 1275 in the 
A. L. C. 

2 Died. The second additional 
entry (which was inserted perhaps 
to correct this and with which the 
A. L. C. agree) states that he was 

3 By hit own kinsman. Omitted 
in D, which adds : O'Donill aspor- 
tatis nauioulis ad Luagh Earne et 

exinde ad Luagh Uoghtiar et ibi 
circumiacientium omnium diuitias 
repent et tandem, subiugatia cir- 
cumquaque incolis illarum terra- 
rum, cum sumna victoria rediit 

The original is given in the Four 
Matters at 1272. 

4 Laidhig. Laydin, C ; Lagaire, 
with Laidin overhead, D. 

(1272) UaSeuaba. See [1274], 
note 4, svpra. 

9 Thomas See [1271], note 4, 



Kalends of Jan. [on 3rd feria, 1st of the moon,] A.D. [1275] 
1272i[-5]. Art, son of Cathal the Swarthy [Ua Ruairc], 
king of Breifni, died. 2 Ruaidhri, son of Toirrdhelbach 
TJa Concobuir, was taken prisoner by his own kinsman, 3 
[namely] by Tadhg, son of Toirrdhelbach Ua Conchobair 
(and Tadhg, son of Cathal Mac Diarmoda was despoiled 
completely by him) and Conchobur, son of Ferghal, son 
of Donnchadh, son of Muircertach, was killed by his own 
kinsman. The bishop TJa Laidhig, 4 bishop of Cell-aladh, 
rested in Christ. 

(Ruaighri TJa Conchubhair escaped and took Conchu- (1272) 
bhar TJa Ainli with him. But they were well followed 
and Conchubar was caught and killed. Cairbre Ua 
Sguaba, 1 bishop of Rath-both, rested. Art, son of Cathal 
the Swarthy [Ua Ruairc], king of Breifni, was killed by 
the Muinnter-Ghearudhan. Thomas 2 Mag Shamhrughain 
was killed by the Cenel-Luachan.) 

Kalends of Jan. [on 4th feria, 12th of the moon], A.D. [1276 Bis.] 
1273 1 [-6]. Aedh 2 the Momonian, son of Feidhlimidh [Ua 
Conchobair], came out of Munster into the midst of Con- 
nacht and the children of Toirrdhelbach [Ua Conchobair] 

[1276] ^1273 The entries of 
the (textual) year 1273 are given 
in the A. L. C. under 1276. 

2 Aedh. This item is rather a 
mnemonic note than a historical 
record. Its brevity is misleading, 
as well as obscure. According to 
Mageoghegan's Version of the 
Annals of Clonmacnoise : " A base 
son was presented to Felym Mac 
Cahall Crovederg O'Connor, after 
the death of said Ffelym a long 
space, who was called Hugh Moy- 
neagh, because he was nurished 
and brought up in Munster and 
came to Connoght from thence. 

And as soon as he came ahd was 
known to be the son of Felym, 
Silmoreye [Sil-Muiredhaigh, the 
O' Conors] and Clann Moyleronie 
[Sil-Mailruanaigh, the OTlynns] 
accepted of him and had him in 
great accoumpt and reverence." 

On being accepted as king, the 
sons of Toirdelbach (Torlough), 
Ruaidhri and Tadhg, fled into 
Tirconnell to O'Donnell. Their 
coming into the country is the foray 
mentioned in the first additional 
entry. They were slain in 1278(= 
1275 of the text). 


tttlMCClOC UlCTOtl. 


3 64c 

i/ *0ian.maic, mac ^iLte-TTluipe I bill 
TTlbofina, fii Utu-5, quieuic m [Cbfiiyro]. d -DO 
Benum 7>o mac pheit>limce ap Clainn-TYluipcentais 7 i 
roiiaifcecc na cpeice nomajxba < & ^'U-a-na- 
O Conjiai. d "Oomnall, mac Neill, mic Congalaig 
Ruainc (nif'anaitea i tla in 1 n m e'), T>O manba-6 
la blla Meccam. 

(Cjieac'-oo ftenum le Cloinn Doinjvoealbais ay. mac 
pbei$lim[]e 7 an. macaiB TDic "Obiapmmo'oa 7 ^ilta- 
blla mail-0jienainn -DO ma^ba-D Leo an la pm. 
Cpin) blla Meaccain 7 tlitliam blla lleacram TK> 
'B la Uuai|ni, mac Toipivoealbais blli Concu- 


]Cal. 1an. [-p.* ui., 1.*] CCnno "Domini Lrx. 
. ob [-uii.] ^illa-na-naem blla 1 bifin quieuic m 
[CbfiifTo]. bpian \iu(j& blla bfUCRfl quieuic in 
[Cbnifco]. bpaen blla TTlail-moceifip, 2 ab Cenannpa, 3 
in c Cbfiifco qiiieuir;. 

A.D. 1273. c ipn cip. info the country, B, C; om., D. d - d om., 
B, C, D. itl., n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. " n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 127*. 1 O, A. 'TTlaetl , B. Ceanam>f>a, B. b 1277, over- 
head, n. t. h., 13 ; alias, 1276, n. t. h., C. "^Cftneuic m, B. 

*Son. The Four Masters give 
Mag Giolla Muire, omitting Ua 
Morna. (.The editor of the A. L. C.. 
i. p. 479, says by oversight that 
they call him O'Gillamuire.) They 
add that he was lord of Leth-Cathail 
(Lecale, co. Down). 

Ctatm-Muircertaiyh. See [1272] 
note 2, supra. 

8 Domnall. Donaldus O' Roirk 
occisus per O'Neachten, D. It 
adds : O'Donill. Donaldus luuenis. 
collecto magno exercitu ex Conacia 
et Connallia, invasit Tironiam et 
depredata undique patria redii 1 

victoriosus cum obsidibus multis et 
ingenti preda omnis generis. 

The original is given in the Four 
Masters at 1273. 

(1273) 1 A foray. This and the 
following entry are given in the 
A. L. C. at 1276. They were 
placed here perhaps as having re- 
ference to the main subject matter 
of the textual year. 

[1277] 1 1274. The two events 
of the (textual) year, 1275, are 
given in the A. L. C. at 1277. 

1 Rested in Christ. That is, died 
a natural death. But this is a veiy 




came into the country [to oppose him]. Diarmait, son 3 of [1276 Bis.] 
Gilla-Muire Ua Morna,king of TJlidia, rested in Christ. A 
foray was made by the son of Feidhlimidh on the Clann- 
Muircertaigh 4 and in_driyin the prey Gilla-na-naingel Ua 
Conrai was killed. Domnall, 5 son of Niall, son of Con- 
ghalach Ua Ruairc (who was called " Gillie of the butter "), 
was killed by TJa JSechtain. 

(A foray 1 was made by the children of Toirrdhealbach 
on the son of Feidhlimidh and on the sons of Mac Diar- 
moda and Gilla-Crisd Ua Mail-Brenainn was killed by 
them that day. Gilla-Crisd Ua Neachtain and William 
Ua Neachtain were killed by Ruaighri, son of Toirrdhel- 
bach Ua Conchubhair.) 

Kalends of Jan. [on 6th feria, 23rd of the moon], A.D. 
1274 1 [-7]. Gilla-na-naem Ua Birn rested in Christ. 
Brian Ua Briain the Red, rested in Christ. 2 Braen 3 Ua 
Mail-mocheirghi 4 abbot of Cenannus, rested in Christ. 


considerable error. The event is 
thus described in the Remonstrance 
addressed (Theiner, p. 201) by 
the Irish Magnates, through the 
Nuncios, Cardinals Jocelin %nd 
Luke, to Pope John XXII., about 
1318 : Item, Dominus Thomas de 
Clare, Comitis Gloverniae [Glou- 
cester] frater, vocans ad domum 
suam praeclarissimum virum, 
Brianum Rufum, principem Tot- 
moniae, suum compatrinum, cum, 
in maioris confoederationis et 
amiciciae signum, de eadem Hostia 
consecrata in duas divisa partes 
nequiter communicavit, ipsum 
denique de consilio nephandae 
gentis praedictae subito de mensa 
et convivio arreptum in caudem 
trahi fecit equorum ; amputate 
quoque capite, truncum corporis 
per pedes suspend! fecit in ligno 

(Fordun: Scotichronicon, O x o n., 
J722, iii. 917-8). 

The Annals of Clonmacnoise 
(Mageoghegan's version, O'D. 
F. M. iii. 426-7) agree with the 
account given in the second addi- 
tional entry of the following year. 

s JBraen. Brien O'Molmocherri 
quieuit, D ; -which adds : Hoc 
anno Eoganenses venerunt in 
Connalliam, sperantes sumere vin- 
dictam pro precedenti anno. Et 
collecta magna preda, O'Donill cum 
suis eos insequentes ad confines 
montes Tireone [recte, ad confinem 
Montis Truim] irruit in eos et 
habita victoria restituit sua cum 
multis equis et armatura. 

The original is in the Four 
Masters at 1275. 

4 Mail-mocheirghi. Devotee of 
early rising. 



(5illa-Cpin> d hUa bin.n.'peap, 5jttroaCCeT>a liUi Chon- 
cuBain., T>O tTiapBaf> -oo'n QUa. filial, mac Loelamn blh 
Choncuo'aifi.' 1 ) 

}Cal. 1cm. [p.'un., L 1111.*], CCnno "Domini TT1. cc. laac. 
u. ob [-uin. ] 'GO-OS, mac 'Goipjvoelbais, T>O mapba-5 la 
damn CacailTThc "Oiapmcrca. Ruaii>pi,mac 'Coin.fvoel- 
bai, -DO mapbaT) la ^Lla-Cn-ipc TDa^ pblannca-ba ~j le 
"Oapxaaigi apcena, ap. bofu> "Opoma-cliao" j in peppun 
piabac, mac 'dgen.nain bUi Concobuip. 7 -001116 aili 1 nac 
aipimre|i funn. "Oonnca^ 7 penpal, T>a mac TTluippfa, 
mic "Oonnca^a, mic "Comalcaij, T>O'5, la "Ca^j, 
mac "Oomnaill Injiaip. pluicbeprac bUa "Oaimin, n.i 
pep.-TTlanac, quieuic in Chfiifco (iT>on, c 1 cefic Mom mi] 4 
phebfia';). THaiT)m Cuinci T>O rabaific -DO "Oonnca'D, mac 
bn.iam fiuai-5 7 -DO macaio" ailiB 2 bill bprnin an. in 1a]ila 
O 3 Claifie (5un.'loif5reaT> d reampull Cumce 1 ceann a 
mumncen.1, gu ctigfaT) an. oiainm[iT>]e'pofin.a, emn. lofga-o 
7 ma|iBa'D d ). "Comap bUa Cuinn, e]^puc Cluana-mac- 
quieuic m [Cbfiipix)]. Txmialcac IDac Oipeccai^, 
Sbil-rnuifie-oais, -DO mafiba-5 -DO na "Cuaraio". 
na-n-ainsel," ab Lepa-^abail, moyiruup epc 
TTlaficii. bpian n.uat>, mac ConcuCaifi bUi 

A.D. 1274. d ^n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1275. ^ile, A ; ii., B. 2 ii., A, B. s om., B. 4 -mio , B. b 1278, 
overhead, n. t. h., B ; alias, 278, n. t. h., C. itL, n. t. b., A ; ill., t. h., 
B ; om., C, D. " itl., n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. - n. t. h., A ; om., 
B, C, D. 

(1274) l OMa-Crid (Devotee of 
Chritt). Given in the A. L. C. 
under 1277. 

[1278] I i275 The events of 
the (textual) rear, 1275, are in the 
A. L. C. at 1278. 

'The Swarthy Parson. Rector 
fuscus, D. 

* And other, etc. " And other men 
not here nombred," C. 

4 The defeat, etc. " Donnough 
Mac Bryen Roe O'Bryen gave the 
overthrow of Coynche to Thomas 
de Clare (the Earle before men- 
tioned) and burnt the church of 
Coynche over the heads of the said 
Earle and his people ; where 
infinite numbers of people wire 
both slain and killed therein and 
escaped narrowly himself : for 



(Gilla-Crisd 1 Ua Birn, confidant of Aedh Ua Conchub- (1274) 
hair, was killed by the " Red Gillie," son of Lochlann Ua 

Kalends of Jan. [on 7th feria, 4th of the moon], A.D. [1278] 
1275^-S]. Tadhg, son of Toirrdhelbach [Ua Conchobair], 
was killed by the children of Cathal Mac Diarmata. 
Ruaidhri, son of [the aforesaid] Toirrdhelbach, was killed 
by Gilla-Crist Mac Flannchadha and by the Dartraighi 
besides, on the border of Druim-cliabh and " the Swarthy 
Parson," 2 son of Tiger nan Ua Conchobuir, and other 3 
persons that are not reckoned here [were killed]. Donn- 
chadh and Ferghal, two sons of Muirghius, son of Donn- 
chadh, son of Tomaltach [Ua Conchobair], were killed by 
Tadhg, son of Domnall [Ua Conchobair] of Irras. 
Flaithbertach Ua Daimin, king of Fir-Manach, rested in 
Christ (namely, on the 3rd of the Nones [3rd] of the month 
of February). The defeat 4 of CuiDche was given by 
Donnchadh, son of Brian [Ua Briain] the Red, to the 
Earl of Clare (so that they burned the church of Cuiuche 
over the heads of his people [and] inflicted slaughter in_ 
numerable upon them, both by burning and killing), 
Thomas Ua Cuinn, 5 bislfop of Cluain-mac-Nois, rested in 
Christ. Tomaltach Mac Oirechtaigh, royal chief of Sil- 
Muiredhaigh, was killed by " the Territories." 

(Gilla-na-naingel, 1 abbot of Lis-gabail, died on the (1275) 
Nones [7th] of March. Brian the Red, 2 son of Conchu- 

which escape myne author [i.e., the 
chronicle which he translated] 
sayeth that himself was sorry for." 
Mageoghegan, 1278. 

The original of " myne author " 
is given in the A. L. C. : "But, 
alas ! the son of the Earl went 
thereout from th?m secretly " 

5 Ua, Cuinn. A Franciscan. 

Elected in 1253 (D. I., II. 151). 
Died probably towards the close of 
1278 (cf if. 1713). 

(1275) * Gilla-na-nainffel. De- 
votee of the angels. The original of 
this entry is not known to me. 

2 Brian tJie Bed. This is the true 
version of the second item in the 
(textual) year 1274 (=1277). 


cctiMCclcc uloroti 



bhpicnn, pig "Ctia'DrTmniun, T>O abait le mac lafila bO 
Claifie. Ocuf fiaT> ap cup a pota i n-aen poi^ceac 7 ap 
ii-T>enum caip-oiura-Cpifo 7 a V- tobepc iftinn 7 clog T>'a 
cele. Ocup a cappaing eap f-oe-oaib T>eip a ^aEala.*) 

jCal. 1aii. [p. i., I. xu. a ], CCnno *OoTnim 171. cc.lxx. 
m. ob [-ix.] "Comalcac hUa Concobuip, aipT>erpuc "Cuomo, 
pai Gpenn ap einec 7 ap uaiyli, afi foc|iaiT)ecc 7 a|i 
qtneuicm [Ch]iifr:o]. THael-8heclainn, c mac 
};, occifup efc. c Concobup, mac "Oiapmara, 
mic TTIa^ntifa hUi Concobuifi, occi^tip 
Choim-be-o hlla CefiCatta[i]n, efpuc 

in d [Cbpif^o]. 1Tlu]ica^ | hUa 2 Meaccain -DO 
-B "DO "Oomnall* hUa 2 Meaccain. Ocup compac' 
T>O Roibepc hUa 2 Necrxnn, T>O oefib|iaraip 

A.D. 1276. 1 cmlaaiT), B. *O, A. b 1279,OTerhead,n.t.h., B; aliter, 
1279, n. t. h., C. c *om., B, C, D. d om., B. Chorvmac L'ormac, 

3 Blood in one vessel. For the 
antiquity of this method of coven- 
anting.'see L.L., p. 302b (History of 
the Boruma). The king of Ulster saw 
in a dream a vat one-third full of 
human blood, one-third of new 
milk and one-third of wine, in the 
centre of his house. The narrative 
then goes on : CCccorroaiftc layvum 
Concobup. inn aiplmgcefin. Ocuf 
ir amlcm> oxconnaic l/aigin 7 
UlaiT) 'md'n tKibaig 1C a hoi. Ocu^ 
," an, y^, "ip 6 in coccac 
ant>pn. Umyi i^ i 
in-o puit acceyy i^ryin -oabaic puil 
na oa CoiceD i 1p 6 in 
lemnact m canoin conroeca canaic 
clefus na -oa coiceT). 1f 6 in pin 
Coyxp Cfvi|*c 7 a phuil eT>p|xaic na 

Conchobur saw that vision 
afterwards. And he saw thus, 

the Lagenians and the Ulto- 
niaus around the vat a -drinking 
therefrom. And " I know," quuth 
he, " that is the covenant that was 
prophesied then. For the blood 
that was seen [by us] in the vat 
is the blood of the two Fifths 
[Ulster and Leinster] a-contending. 
The new milk is the Canon of the 
Lord which the clergy of the two 
Fifths chant. The wine is the 
Body of Christ and His Blood 
which the clergy offer." 

See also the Yell.w Book of 
Lecan, T.C.D., H. 2. 16, col. 313 
(the reference to which I owe to a 
Note in the A. L. C., i. 480-1) : 
" "Do -oeriani -pica icen, pi "Coi-og, 
mic Cein 7 pi 6ogain, mic tleill, 
canac," ol p?. "Do snifeejx ian,um 
COTKIC annpn ecajijxu 7 cumaipro 
Caiyxnec a puit n-oen leap:an, 



bhar Ua Briain, king of Thomond, was taken prisoner by 
the son of the Earl of Clare. And they were after putting 
their blood in one vessel 3 and after making gossipred and 
after pledging relics and bells to each other. And he was 
drawn between steeds after his capture.) 

Kalends of Jan. [on 1st feria, 15th of the moon], A.D. 
1276 1 [-9]. Tomaltach Ua Conchobuir, 2 archbishop of 
Tuaim, forraost in Ireland 3 for generosity and for nobility ? 
for succouring and for bestowal, rested in Christ. Mael- 
Sechlainn, son of Toirrdhelbach [Ua Conch obair], was 
slain. Conchobur, son of Diarmait, son of Maghnus Ua 
Conchobuir, was slain. Gilla-in-Coimded 4 Ua Cerballain, 
bishop of Tir-Eogain, rested in Christ. Murchadh 5 Ua 
Neachtain was killed bv Domnall Ua Neachtain. And 

m ccroac annpn 7 crpbefic TTIuip,- 
ceyxcach . . . 

Cutnctifccep. a pint co becc, 
CC tnic & co mofineiric, 
Co fcjubcctfx 1 tebaji tern 
CO-DCIC Oogain if 'gaileng. 
"For the mating of peace be- 
tween the seed of Tadg, son of 
Cian and the seed of Eogan, son 
of Niall, came I," quoth he. There- 
upon the covenant was made there 
and Cairnech mingles the blood 
of both in one vessel and writes 
how they made the covenant there 
and Muircertach said . . . 

[A quatrain, bidding St. Cair- 
nech depart. The latter replies in 
Debide metre, saying inter alia :] 
Let the blood be mingled duly, 
Thou son of Ere of great power, 
That there be written in a book 

by me 
The covenant of Eogan and of 

the Gailenga. 

[1279] 1 1276- The entries of 
the (textual) year 1276 are given in 
the A. L. C. under 1279. 


2 IJa Conchobuir. See 1258, note 
3, svpra. The text is here three 
years antedated. About June, 1279, 
the primate wrote to the king in 
favour of the Franciscan, Malachy, 
who, when Tuam lately became 
vacant by the death of Tfomaltach^ 
was postulated by the dean, arch- 
deacon and some of the canons 
(D. /., II. 1576). 

At the election, five canons voted 
for canon Nicholas ; the dean and 
the remaining two^ for Malachy. 
The matter was referred to the 
C n ria. Th e protracted proceedings 
that ensued are detailed in the Bull 
of Honorius IV. (July 12, 1286) 
transferring Stephen de Foleburne 
from Waterf ord to Tuam (Theiner, 
pp. 135-6). 

3 In Ireland. Genitive in the 

4 Gilla-in-Coimded. Servant of 
the Lord. 

5 Murchadh, etc. " Morrogh 
O'Neaghten was killed by Donnole 



358 CCMMCCICC ulcroTi. 

bill Neaccain, an.' T)omnall e 7 ttoibenc 7>o 
manba-o ann (Wn h pifi cecna ifm compile fin h ). 

("Oomnall, h mac> hUi lleaccam, T>O ta bCCe-o blla Coneeanamn. h ) 

]Cal. 1an. [p.* 11., I- xxui.%] CCnno "Domini TT1. cc. tocx." 
[B e*d] tni. ob [-lxxx.] | deft TTIuinrmec btla Concobuiyi (n>on, c fii 
Connacc in can fo c ) T)O mafiba^ la damn tnuificenrxiiT; 
(05 Caitl-m-T)ain5ean c ). Cacal, mac Concobinfi puai-5, 
DO in^a-D T)O ConnaccaiB. Seoan btla Lai-oi^, eppuc 
Cilte-ala'D, quieuic m [Cbiupco]. TTIait-Seclainn bUa 
caipec Cemuil-TTloein 2 7 Concobufi btla 3 
i i> 4 occifi func pe[i "Gellac-TTlo'oonxin. 
(CCemann d Con^aile, oipcmneac Rop-ojicen., faoi-5- 
]f efc. d ) 

1an. [p. a 1111., I. un. a ], CCnno T)omini 171. cc. Ixi. 
um. b [-lxxoc. 1.] "Ccrog, mac Cacail TTlic "Oiapmara, fii 
TTlui5i-Lui|i5, pai n-eini| 7 n-egnoma, quieuic m 
[CbyiifcoJ. Car "OifiTir;-'Da-c|iic ecep, Con all 7 Gogan, 
06 i cfiocain 1 "Oomnall bUa "Oomriaill (le c bCCe^ m- 

B, C, D. f Co|xmac Cormac, B, C, D. ** om., B, C. D. This is a most 
extraordinary misconception. The compiler of the B text mistook comjvac, 
(single) combat, for the personal name Cormac. Then, by substitution and 
omission, he makes Cormac (not Domnall) the slayer ; and says Cormac 
was challenged (o'pua5ria[T>J) by Robert (instead of Robert challenging 
Domnall) to combat. C and D follow B, but render t>'ptia5jia[T>] by 
banishment ! The final clause C translates : " and Robert killed in that " ; 
D : in quo Robertas occisusfuit. h-h n. t h., A ; om. , B, C, D. 

A.D. 1277. ^eog , A. 2 moan, A. 0, A. *-eas , B. > 1280 
overhead, n. t. h., B ; alias 1280, n. t. h., C. ^itl., n. t. h., A ; om., B, 

C, D. The first is the only entry given in D. d - d n. t. h. (nor the hand 
that made the previous additions), A ; om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1278. ^ojvc , B. (Both readings are equally good.) b 1281, 
overhead, n. t. h., B ; alias 1281, n. t. h., C. itL, n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 

O'Neaghten ; whereupon Robert I Morrough, challenged him single 
O'Neaghten, brother of the said | combatt of hand to hand, which 



combat was challenged by Robert Ua Nechtian, [namely] [1279] 
by the brother of Murchadh Ua Nechtain, on Doornail 
and Robert was killed therein (by the same man in that 

(Domnall, 1 son of Gilla-Crisd Ua Neachtain was killed (1276) 
by Aedh Ua Concheanainn.) 

Kalends of Jan. [on 2nd feria, 26th of the moon], A.D. [i 280 Bis.] 
1277 1 [-80]. Aedh Ua Concobuir the Momonian (namely, 
king of Connacht at this time) was killed by the Clann- 
Muircertaigh (at the Wood of the Stronghold). Cathal, 
son of Concobur [Ua Conchobair] the Red, was made king 
by the Connachtmen). John Ua Laidhig, 2 bishop of 
Cell-aladh, rested in Christ. Mail-Sechlainn Ua Gairm- 
leghaidh, chief of Cenel-Moein and Concobur Ua Gairm- 
leghaidh were slain by the Tellach-Modoran. 

(Edmond Congaile, herenagh of Ros-orcer, a learned (1277) 
cleric, died.) 

Kalends of Jan. [on 4th feria, 7th of the moon], A.D. n28i] 
1278 1 [-81]. Tadhg, son of Cathal Mac Diarmata, king of 
Magh-Luirg, eminent for hospitality and prowess, rested in 
Christ. The battle of Disert-da-crich [was fought] 
between [Cenel-]Cona[i]ll and [Cenel-]Eoga[i]n, where 
fell Domnall Ua Domnaill 2 (by Aedh Ua Neill the Tawny 

the said Daniel answered and killed 
Kobert also." Mageoghegan, 1279. 

The F. M. also understood it 
rightly (ad an.), 

(1276) T Domnall, etc. Given in 
the A.L.C. and F. M. at 1279. 

[1280] 1 1277. The entries of 
the (textual) year 1277, with the 
exception of the last, are given in 
the A. L. C. under 1280. 

2 Ua Laidhig On Dec. 9, 1280, 
letters of licence to elect were 
issued to the Dean and Chapter of 
Killala, who had notified the death 

of J[ohn], their late bishop (D, I., 
II. 1770). They elected Donatus 
[=:Donnchadh], the dean, who 
received the royal assent, April 16, 
1281. (Ib. 1816.) 

The events of this year are ac- 
cordingly three years predated. 

[1281] 1278- = 1281 of the 
A. L. G. 

2 Ua Domnaill. This, very pro- 
bably, is the Oudonnildus, whose 
proclaimed head Thomas de Maun- 
deville caused to be carried to the 
Exchequer, Dublin ; for which the 


ccmicclcc ulcroti. 

A 63b 

bui-5e hlla lleilt 7 le TTlac TYlaincin c ), iTK>n, d pen. 
KiaUxroufi pifi-TTlanac 7 Oin.5iatla 7 tiyimon. 
Connacc 7 Ulafc, accma-5 bee 7 Pfi-bfieipis inle. 1n 
c-en ^ai'oel fiob' pepn. einec 7 oipecup ; peicem covccenn 
1 fijng b Gonpa. Ocuf a cr5nacul 1 ITIainii 1 !^!! na 
rn -t)fic^a|TT~tvT>oi |ie Cotuim-cille, a\i m-b|\eic bucroa 
j;ac uile f^atc[i]uva. Ocur af m-o fo ba pepfi 7>omari- 
ba-5 ann : iT>on, TTlael|iuanai?; baiplt, caifec na cpi 
rucrc 7 6oj;an, mac THail-c8heclainn btli "Oomnailt 7 
Cellac II a 3 binpll, m c-en caiyec fioC' pefiii einec 7 
cif>nacul (-oobi") i n-aen aimfiyi pfiif 7 illa TTlac 
plannca'oa, cai] % ec "Oaficfiaigi 7 "OomnalL TTlac 5'^ e " 
pimnen, caifec Tnhuinnr;efii-peo < Daca[i]n 7** CCintnler 
bai^itl 7 "Oub^all, a mac 7 6nna blla 3 5 
fii^raifec' Ceniuil-TTloem 4 7 Cofimac, mac mi) 
bill "OomnaitL, caipec pana[i]t: 7 ^lta- 
TTlaetaTJum, fii Luin.g 7 Cafimac, mac Cayimaic bill 
"Domnaitl 7 5^l-a-na-n-6c TTlac CaljieT>ocaifi | 7 TTlael- 
Seclainn, mac Meill hUi buiplt 7 CCm-oitep, mac 
TTluipcefiT:ai bill "Oomnaill 7 ITlasnup TTlac Cuinn 7 
SiUa-na-naem beocaa[i]n 7 TTluificep-cac bUa 
7 TTluin.cep.cac TTlac-in-ULlcais 7 
i-oecati]!! 7 T>aine inroa aib 6 T>O macait5 n.i 7 
caifec 7 T)'o5lacaiC nac aifiimcen. funn. Car ecen. na 
7 m 7 dmfogac, -DU m fiomebai-o an. na 
7 7)'a|i'manbaT g ann Uilliam baiper> | 7 
CCT)am pleimenn 7 T>aine imT)a aib 8 7 'oobaDun. T)iap 
5aitelac afi lee m Cimfogai^ ^ocmnyec a\\ Beogacu 7 

8 perv-tn (g. pi.), B ; erroneously. * 0, A. 4 -TTloan, A. B ^illan (=plla- 
iti ), A.'eile, A ; ii., B. 7 an, A. 8 ii., A, B. d om., A. itl., n. t. h., A;om., 
B. * ^115, itl., n. t. h., A. TX> fnafibcro (TX> for |xo and the relative om.), B. 

justiciary, D.e Foleburne, bishop of 
Waterford, was twice commanded 
(Feb. 14, 16, 1283) to pay what was 

due to him (D, /., IL 2049-51). If 
so, the textual dats is three years 
in advance. 


and by Mac Martain) ; namely, the man to whom were [1281] 
subject Fir-Manach and Oirghialla and very great part 
of the Gaidhil of Connacht and Ulidia, save a little and 
all Fir-Breifne. The one Gaidhel that was best of hospi- 
tality and principality ; the general guarantor of the 
West of Europe. And he was buried in the Monastery 
of the Friars in Doire of [St.] Colum-cille after gaining 
victory of every goodness. And these were the best that 
were killed there : namely, Maelruanaigh O'Baighill, chief 
of "the Three Territories" and Eogan, son of Mail- 
Sechlainn Ua Domnaill and Cellach Ua Baighill, the one 
chief of his own time that was best of hospitality and 
bestowal and Gilla Mac Flannchadha, chief of Dartraighi 
and Domnall Mac Gille-Fhinnen, chief of Muinnter- 
Peodacha[i]n and Aindiles O'Baighill and Dubhghall, his 
son and Enna Ua Gairmleaghaidh, royal chief of the 
Cenel-Moein and Cormac, son of the Lector Ua Domnaill, 
chief of Fanat and Gilla-in-Choimdegh O'Maeladuin, king 
of Lurg and Carmac, 3 son of Carmac 3 Ua Domnaill and 
Gilla-na-noc 4 Mac Calredocair and Mael-Sechlainn, son of 
Niall Ua Baighill and Aindiles, son of Muircertach Ua 
Domnaill and Maghnus Mac Cuinu and Gilla-na-naem 
0'Eochaga[i]n and Muircertach Ua Flaithbertaich and 
Muircertach Mac-in-Ulltaigh 5 and Flaithbertach Mag 
Buidhecha[i]n and many other persons of the sons of 
kings and chiefs and of men-at-arms that are not reckoned 
here. A battle [was fought] between the Barrets and 
the Cusack, where defeat was inflicted on the Barrets and 
whereby were killed William Barret and Adam Fleming 
and many other persons. And there were two Gaidhil on 
the side of Cusack who surpassed many of the other 

3 Carmac. Rightly, Cormac. The 
o was assimilated to the a. 

4 Gilla-na-noc. Servant (devotee} 

of the virgins. 

*>Mac-in-Utttaigh. 8on of the 
Ultonian ; anglicized Mac Nulty. 


ccwiatcc uloroTi. 

ap lamac an. monan DO *DainiC ailiC, 8 iT>on, Txnclec 
"Oufroa 7 raiclec baiptl. 

}Cal. 1an. [p.'u., L xuin. m ], CCnno "Domini 171. cc. lxx. 
ix. ob [-Urxx.ii.] Taiclec, mac TTlaelnuanaigh hlli 
"Dhufroa, n.i htla^pacnac, m "ouine n.ob' pefin. einec 7 
egnum 7 innpoip-o T>O C ^ai-oelaib "D 001 1 n " a aimpji, e a le hCC-oam Cimfog ap cpai| 6ocaitle. lafaip- 
pina, mgen Carail c|ioibT)e[i]p5, [m] ben nob' uai]"le 1 2 
n-6fiinn i d n-a haimfip, d quieuic m [Clinifco]. TTIara 
(fiuat> e ) RaipLlail -DO eg. 5 1 ^^ a ~^TT uS "^^ TflQS 
"Chi^efinafijn, raifec 'Chettais-'Ounccrfra 7 lerppomom 
na b^eipne, quieuic m [Chpifco]. Cacal, mac 5 1 ^ a ' 
na-naem, hl1a pen^ait qineuic in Cbn.ifco.' flluincen.- 
cac ITIac TTluiicatia, \u Lai^en, T>O manba'D -DO ^naltaiC 
7 a T>en,b]un:ain, feile,' iT>on g ), CCp,c TTIac TT)uncaf>a. 
Snecca mon. 7 } ice o Uotlaic co peil bp.i5T>i ipn blia- 
bain fi. h 

]CaL 1an. [p. a ui., L xxix, a ], CCnno "Domini m. cc. lxxx. ob 
[-111.] 'Ca-og, mac "Oomnailt Ifinaif bUi Concobmn, T>O 
majxBa-b la Lui^niC. CCe-5 buifje 1 hUa "Neill 7>o mapba^ 
le nflag margamna (iT>on, la bnian c 7" leif hUa 

A.D. 1278. 8 i?., A, B. 

A.D. 1279. ^.A. 2 a, A. s -1fa, A. 4 -ui5, B. b 1282, overhead, 
n. t. h., B ; alias 1282, n. t. h., C. c - om., B, C, D. "i n-a oucai'6 
in her country, B ; om., C, D. e itl., n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. f om., A. 
witl., n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. *> om., B, C ; given in D. 

A.D. 1280. l buf&i, B. > 1283, overhead, n. t. h., B ; alias 1283, n. t. 
h., C. M itl., n. t. h., A ; om., B, C. Given in D. *-*n. t. h., A; om., 
C, D. The word in square brackets is supplied from the Annals of Loch 
Ce (1283). 

= 1282 of the 

A. L. C. 

2 Prop. Supressor, D. 

3 Mac Murchadha.One of the 

charges brought against De Fole- 
burne, as justiciary, related to the 
head-money of these two Mac Mur- 
roughs. (D. I., II. 1999, 2333-4; 



persons for courage and for tterfcertty, namely, Taichlech 
O'Dubhda aiid TaTchlech O'BaTpnft 

Kalends of Jan. [on 5th feria, 18th of the moon], A.D. 
1279 1 [-82]. Taichlech, son of Maelruanaigh Ua Dubhda, 
king of Ui-Fiachrach, the person of the Gaidhil that was 
best in hospitality and valour and attack in his time, 
was killed by Adam Cusack on the strand of EothailL 
Lasairfhina, daughter of Cathal Red-hand [Ua Concho- 
bair], the woman that was noblest in Ireland in her time, 
rested in Christ. Matthew (the Red) O'Raighillaigh 
died. Gilla-Issu mor Mag Tigerna[i]n, chief of Tellach- 
Dunchadha and prop 2 of Breifni, rested in Christ. Cathal, 
son of Gilla-na-naem Ua Ferghail, rested in Christ. ~ 
Muircertach Mac Murchadha, 3 king of Leinster, was 
killed by the Foreigners and' his (other) brother, (namely) 
Art Mac Murchadha [was killed by them]. Great snow 
and frost from the Nativity [1281] to the feast of [St.] 
Brigit [Feb. 1] in this year. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 6th feria, 29th o^the moon], A.U. 
1280 1 [-3]. Tadhg, son of Domnall Ua Conchobuir of 
Irras, was killed by the Luighni. Aedh Ua Neill the 
Tawny 2 was killed by Mag Mathgamna (that is, by Brian 
and by Ua Raghallaigh). 




III. 2.) From the date of No- 1999, 
(Ap. 29, 1282) the year in which 
they were slain can be inferred. 

[1283] 1 /^5b=1283 of the 
A. L. C. 

2 Aedh the Tawny. Thus ampli- 
fied in D : Hugo Flauus, alias 
Eadh Boy O'Neill, a quo dicitur 
Clanhuboy, omni estimatione, po- 
tentia et principalitate dignus inter 
Hibernos sui temporis, occisus fuit 

per Mac Mahowny, nominatum 
Brien, hoc anno. 

It adds : Guerra crudelis inter 
Odonem O'Donill et suum fratrem, 
Terleum, qui coegit Odonem 
permanere in Tireonia, unde ipse 
O'Donill ueuastauit magnam par- 
tf m Tireoniae. 

I have not found the original of 
the foregoing entry. 


364 ccMMCclcc ulcroti. 

A63c[Bu.] leal. 1cm. [p.* tni., 1. x.'], CCnno *0omim m. cc- lxxx. 
i. b [-ini.] TTIinpip tiUa 1 Concobuip, eppuc Oil-pirn), 2 in" 
Chpipco quieuir." "Oonnca-5 hUa 1 bpiam, pi "Cua-5- 
TTIuman, DO mapbai) la 'Coipp'oelbac hUa m-bpiain. 
CCmlaim d Tomolcail, co|a conpipmairi epipcopi Oil- 
pinn, 2 quieuic in [Chpipt;o]. d "Dub^oU, mac TTlasnupa 
bUi baiptt, noifec Cloici-Cinnpaelai'fe, T>O mapba-D la 
tnuinnrefi hUi Tnail^aici. TDac na hai-oce 3 TTlac 4 
'Oop.cai'D, caifecCenitnl-luacain (no*-"0uacain ), quieuic 
in [Chpifro]. 

(5illa-1fu' TTlac "Cisefinain, ap-o caifeac Chinel- 
bjfienainn, moficuuf efc.' No, g ^uma-o uifie fo, fcilicec 
[CC.T).] 1281, TTlcrca hUa 

B 65b "(Cal 1an. [p.* n, L xxi. m ], CCnno "Domini T71. cc. Ixxx. 
n. ob [-u.] Simon hlla 1 Ruaipc, eppuc na bn.eipne, 
quieuir in [Chfiifco. TDai'Dm T>O rabaipc TX> TTlasnup 
hUa 1 Concobuifi an, CC-DarTi Cimfog 7 ap ^ a ^ ai ^ lapraip 
Conn ace 05 Gaf-'oapa, T>U map'ttiapba^ T>aine inroa 7 
inap'gaba-D Colin Cimpog, a -oepbparaip, a m-bpai|r)enup 
DO cinn na flie-5 T>O lega-o 7)6 pein, capeip a muinncepi 
DO mapba-b co mop. maiT>m c cue pilib TDac 5 01 r~ 
T>e[i]lb, ap muinncep TDasnupa hUi Concobtnp ap 
i, 5up'mapba-5 mopan TX> glaplac ann. e Gnpi 

A.D. 1281. '0, A. 8 O>levinn, A, 3 -a, A. ^mhag , B. Blank 
apace, A, B. b l284, overhead, n. t. h., B; rectiut 1285, n. t. h., C. 
cc quietiic in [Chyxifco], B. *-*om., B, C, D. ^itl., t. h., B ; above the 
I of luaccun,in A, the t. h. placed no, "D or D , meaning that the word 
may have commenced with "D, not L. Hence the note in B. C has I ; 
D, T). "n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. e* t. m., t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1282. 1 O, A. b 1285, overhead, n. t h., B ; rectiut 1286, n. t. 
h.. C. om., B, C, D. 

*Ua Conchohtir See 1263 (= 
1265), note 3, tupra. 

[1284] *raSi = 1284 of the 
A. L. C. 



Kalends of Jan. [on 7th feria, 10th of the moon], A.D. [1284 Bis.] 
1281 1 [-4]. Maurice Ua Conchobuir, 2 bishop of Oil-finn, 
rested in Christ. Donnchadh Ua Briain, king of Tho- 
mond, was killed by Toirdhelbach Ua Briain. Amlafm 
O'Tomoltaigh, bishop-elect [and] confirmed 3 of Oil-finn, 
rested in Christ. Dubghall, son of Maghnus Ua Baighill 
chief of Cloch-Cinnfhaelaidh, was killed by the people of 
Ua Mailgaithi. " Son of the night " Mac Dorchaidh, 
chief of Cenel-Luachain (or,-Duachain), rested in Christ. 4 

(Gilla-Isu 1 Mac Tigernain, arch-chief of Cinel-Brenainn, (1281) 
died. Or, it may be on this year, namely, 1281, 2 [the 
death of] Matthew Ua Raighillaigh, king of Breifni 
[ought to be].) 

Kalends of Jan. [on 2nd feria, 21st of the moon], A.D. 
1282 1 [-5]. Simon Ua Ruairc, bishop of Breifni [Kilmore], 
rested in Christ. Defeat was given by Maghnus Ua 
Conchobuir to Adam Cusack and to the Foreigners of the 
West of Connacht at Eas-dara ; where were killed many 
persons and Colin Cusack, his brother, was taken in 
security, to allow [Adam] himself to go a^tey, after great 
havoc had been made of his people. Defeat was inflicted 
by Philip Mac Goisdeilb on the people of Maghnus Ua 
Conchobuir on Sliabh-gamh, so that many recruits 


3 Bishop-elect [and'] confirmed. 
Literally, choice of a confirmed bishop. 
(For the idiom, see 1126, note 2, 
supra.) His death took place after 
confirmation of the election (by the 
archbishop of Tuam) and before 

4 In Christ. D adds, from what 
source I know not : O'Donill ad 
predandum inferiorem Conaciam 
inuasit earn et finite proposito re- 
diit victoriosus. 

(1281) l Gilla-Isu, etc. This is 
a repetition of the fourth entry of 
the textual year 1279(=1282), 

2 1281. The Obit of Ua Raighil- 
laigh is given as the third item at 
1279(=1282), supra. The A. L, C. 
call him chief of Muinter-Mael- 
mordha (the O'Reilly's o f 

[128-5] ' I282=m5 and 1286 of 
the A. L. C. 


ccNNCclcc ulccoli. 

A 63d 

TTlac ^ille-phmnein T>o mapba'o. TluaiT>f\i bUa 1 a 
pi 8lei o"e-lu5a,T>o mafibcro la TTlac pheofiaip afi aloe pein. 
[CC.*0. TT1. cc. Ixxx. ui.] Sluag mop. la tilapla Ulcrb 
1 ConnacTju, 9 ^up'mill mopan T>O cellaiC 7 T>O mainipcp.e- 
caifr Ociif sep-Veti, -nosaE nepc 506 conaip paimc 7 
oogaC bpai|i>i 3 Connacc" 7 Conaill 7 6050111 7 T>oaifii5 
"Oomnall bUa Wei II (iT>on, d "Oomnall, mac bfiiam d ) 7 
cue pii "DO Niall Ctilanac hUa 1 Neill. TTluipif mael 
TTlac ^epailr; quieuicin [Cbfiipco]. 

]Cal. 1an. [p. m 1111., I.*] CCnno *Oomim TTl- cc. 
Ixrx. ni. ob [-un.] TTlcrca, mac TDuifipra, mic Cacail, 
quieuic m [ChpiyTo] *Oiapmait: c TTliT>ec (mac d "Oiafi- 
ma-oa, mic Cacail TTlic "Oiafimo-Da, IT>OH, fii 
TTlailfiuanai < D d ) quieuic m Chfiifco- ploifiim; 
la[i]n,aj | iciT)eocun Oil-pmn.pellfiim eolaif 7 
quieufc in l_chpTfco]. ^illa-na-nog TTlannaca[i]n, 
fii na "Cuac, quieuit; m Chpifco. TTlael-8eclainn, c mac 
"GoTnaUxnl, TTlac Oipeccai5 T>O mapba^ la "Coifijrbel- 
bac, mac Go^ain liUi Concobuifi, a n-oijailc a arap. -DO 
ciaesa-o T>O "Comalcac cecna T>O macaiB Toipfi'&elbais. 6 - 
CC-oam Cimpo5 quieuic 111 [Chfiipro]. | Oean-TTluman, 
injen hUi Caca[i]n, moficua efc. 

A.D. 1282. 2 -ca, A. 8 -T>e, B. o^itl., n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 
A.D. 1283. l me , B. b 1286, overhead, n. t.h., B ; alias 1287, n. t.h., 
C. ** om., B, C, D. d- 1 itl., n. t. h., MS. (A). 

2 Killed. Cruciatus oecUus eet 
(cruclatut without warrant in the 
original), D. The entry in the 
A. L. C. states that he died a 
natural death. 

3 Mac Fheorais. Son of Pierce ; 
the Irish patronymic assumed by 
the Berminghams. The eponymous 
head was probably the Fierce 
mentioned [1305J infra. 

[ 1 286] ' A great host, etc. This 
and the following entry are given 
in the A. L. C. under 1286. 

Henceforward, down to 1309 of 
the text( = 1313), the dating is four 
years in advance. 

[1287] l i2Sj= 1287 of the 
A. L. C. 

2 Gilla-na-nog (devotee of the Vir- 
gins}. Gilla-na-neave (devotee if 
the saints'), D. 

3 Rested in Christ. -On Sept. 7 f 
according to the A. L. C. This 
tends to prove that the text is four 
years in advance. In 1287, Sept. 7 
fell on Sunday. In 1283 it was 



were killed therein. Henry Mac Gille-Fhinnein was 
killed. 2 Ruaidhri Ua Gadhra, king of Sliabh-Lugha, was 
killed by Mac Fheorais 3 on his own lake. 

[A.D. 1286]. A great host 1 [was led] by the Earl of Ulster 
into Oonnacht, so that he destroyed many of the churches 
and monasteries. And moreover, he obtained sway in every 
direction he went and received the pledges of Connacht 
[and Cenel-]Conaill and [Cenel-JEogain. And he de- 
posed Domnall Ua Neill (namely, Domnall, son of Brian) 
and gave the kingship to Mall Culanach Ua Neill. 
Maurice Fitz Gerald the Bald rested in Christ. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 4th feria, 13th of the moon], A.D. 
1283 1 [-7]. Matthew, son of Maurice, son of Cathal [Mac 
Diarmata], rested in Christ. Diarmait the Midian (son 
of Diarmad, son of Cathal- Mac Diarmoda, namely, king 
of Muinnter-Mailruanaidh) rested in Christ. Florence 
O'Gibellain, archdeacon of Oil-finn, distinguished in 
knowledge and intelligence, rested in Christ. Gilla-na- 
nog 2 0'Mannacha[i]n, king of " The Territories," rested 
in Christ. 3 Mael-Sechlainn, son of Tomaltach Mac 
Oirechthaigh, was killed by Toirdhelbach, son of Eogan 
Ua Concobuir, in revenge of his father having been 
abandoned by the same Tomaltach to the sons of Toir- 
dhelbach. 4 Adam Cusack 5 rested in Christ. Bean- 
Muman, daughter of Ua Catha[i]n, died. 




Tuesday, an incidence devoid of 

4 Sons of Toirdhelbach. The 
editor of the A. L. C. suggests sons 
of Tomaltach ; because, as the sen- 
tence stands, Toirdelbach takes 
vengeance on Tomaltacb for having 
abandoned thefather of Toirdelbach 
to the sons of Toirdelbach. Per- 
haps, however, there existed a 

family feud between Toirdelbach 
and his father on the one side and 
the sons of Toirdelbach on the other. 

The F. iU., as was their wont, 
omitted the passage containing the 

5 Cusack. He died at the close of 
the year, as his name appears in a 
Roll of receipt, Nov. 15, 1287. 
(D. L, III. 341.) 

mm alec ularoti. 

B 65c 

fcal. 1cm. [p.* u., 1. acx.1111.,'] CCnno T)ommi m.- cc. 
bcxx. nn. ob [-uiii.] TPicbael TTlac-m'-c-fain, efpuc 
Clocaifi, monrutif efc. THa^nuf hUa Concobinfi (iTx>n, c 
mac ConcuBaip. fiuaifr), manxxen le -puaifi TDO ConnaccaiC 
7hUi-mbnitnn [bUa-]7 Conmaicne,T>ocecTjlairT>oao'ail 
fiige Connacc -DO pem. Ocup -DO hcrcpiga'D Caeal fuicro, a 
oejibfiauain. 7 cocc ooiB 2 co bCC-8lifen, mun. ayioiBe 
Cereal co n-a pocfiai'oe 7 cumuf c 7>oib lee afi lee 7 Coral 
DO aCail aigi d 7 maiTnn T>O rabaiyicafia muin[n]ce|i. Ocuf 
oohaipgeT) ufitfiop. Conriacc T)o'n 3 T>ul fin 7 yiigi Connacc 
T)O at5ailafi eipn "DO TTlha^nuf. "Oonnca-o'fiia^ac, mac 
mic Tnuipceneais hUi Concobuifi, quieuic 111 
]." "Cec -DO |at5aila|i TTlbagnuf bUa Concobuifi 
TK> 'Choipi\f>elbac, mac 6o^ain btli Concobuifi, ifin Rof- 
fnop 7 TT)a^nuf -DO loe ann 7 Rag! nail TTIac Ranaill, 
caifec TTluineefii-beolaip, T>O mapba'5 T)'en ujictifi foi^oi 
7 -Doloiee-D Wiall ^elCui-oe blla 4 Concobuip. 7 'oomafiba-o 
name aib 5 7 T>O Beanai-5 eic main fiB. Stoig 6 le 
Concobuifi a|i ei|- a lei^if a 8il-THuipe'5ai, 
a nefie 7 a m-bfiai^De. 8lua| leifan 1anla 
(iT)on, f an c-1a|ila yiuai)') T)ocum Connace, co ramie co 
Uof-comain 7 cum TTIanufa hUi Concobuifi, |ii Chon- 
nacc 7 1 n-croai^ mmneen.! m |ii 7 TTlic 6 ^ejiaiU; 7 TX>- 
5neannai5eT)un. m e-1an.laim coce fecafin 7 ni 
icen. Sgailif a flua 7 afocfiaitte gan cenn T>O 
Sceapan, afiDefpuc "Guam a 7 ^lu^eif na hepenn, in 

A.D. 1284. l an, B. 3 -oai6, A. 3 rx> (stroke over o = n omitted by 
oversight), A. * 0, A. 5 ii., A, B. 8 mac, MS. (A;. b alias 1287, over- 
head, n. t. h. f B ; alvis 1288, n. t. h., C ; 1288, on margin, D. < iti., 
n. t. h., A; om., B, C, D. d ann tw that (place), B. -om n B, C, D. 
'' itJ^ n. t. h., MS. 

[1288]. 1 1284 = 1288 of the 
A. L. C. 

2 Michael, etc. See (1268) notes 
1, 2, *M/>ra. 

3 Stephen. De Folebarne. He 

was transferred from Waterford 
(which he had held since 1274) by 
Honoriua IV., July 12, 1286 
(Theiner, p. 136-6) and died before 
July, 1288. A notable memoran- 



Kalends of Jan. [on 5th feria. 24th of the moon,] A.I. [1288 Bis.] 
1284 1 (-8]. Michael 2 Mac-in-tshair, bishop of Clochar, 
died. Maghnus Ua Concobuir (namely, son of Concubhar 
the Ked), along with what he got to join him of the 
Connachtmen and of the Ui-Briuin and of Conmaicni, 
came to take the kingship of Connacht to himself. And 
Cathal the Red, his brother, was deposed. And they 
came to Ath-Slisen, where Cathal was with his force and 
they fought side for side and Cathal was taken by him 
and defeat inflicted on his people. And very large part 
of Connacht was harried on that occasion. And the king- 
ship of Connacht was taken by force by Maghnus. 
Donnchadh the Swarthy, son of Maghnus, son of Muir- 
certach Ua Concobuir, rested in Christ. A house was 
seized on Maghnus Ua Conchobuir by Toirdhelbach, son 
of Eogan Ua Conchobuir, in Ros-mor and Maghnus was 
injured therein and Raghnall Mac Raghnaill, chief of 
Muinnter-Eolais, was killed by one shot of an arrow and 
Niall Ua Conchobuir the Tawny was injured and other 
persons were killed. And good horses were taken from 
them. A host [was led] by Maghnus QJConchobuir after 
his healing into Sil-Muiredhaigh, so that he obtained sway 
over them and [obtained] their hostages. A host [was 
led] by the Earl (namely, the Red Earl) to Connacht, 
until he came to Ros-Comain and to Maghnus Ua Con- 
chobuir, king of Connacht and against the people of the 
king and Fitz Gerald. And they challenged the Earl to 
go beyond that and he went not accordingly. He dis- 
perses his host and his force without obtaining sway. 
Stephen, 3 archbishop of Tuaim and Justiciary of Ireland, 

dum of the chattels belonging to 
him found in Tuam and Athlone 
was made in the beginning of that 
month. (/)./., III. 406.) For his 
doings from his arrival in Ireland 
as " brother of the Hospital of St' 

John of Jerusalem in England" 
(ib., II. 886) in 1270 to his death 
as justiciary, see the references 
under Foleburne ; Waterfordi 
Brother Stephen (ib. II. ) ; Waterford, 
Stephen ; Tuam, Stephen (ib. III.). 


cniNcclcc ulcroti. 


A 64a 

quieuic. Carol mac Txn-bg, mic Catail TDic 
"Oiafinnrca, T>O al5ail fii&i TTlui|i-Luip5. Uilliam TTlac 
s -DO rosa[f] cum aifroeppocoi-oe Tuama. 

}Cal. 1an- [p.* tin., L u.,*] CCnno "Domini TTVcc. 
ti. ob [-ix.] "Ca-Dg hUa plannasa[i]n, caifec Clainm- 
Cacait, quietnc in [Chp,ipco]. TTlara 851 npn, ain.T>- 
fencai'o Gpenn uile, moficuup epc. tTlilef, eppuc Con- 
maicne, iT>on, m ^ailtefpuc, quieuir: m [Chpifco]. 
8imon Till a 1 pinacca, aificinnec Oil-pinn, quieuic m 
[Chpipro]. | Slua^a'o TaT Ricap-b "OiuiT> 7 le ^allaib 
na TTli'De 7 TTia^nuv hUa Concobuifi, pi Connacc, leif 
cum [U]i TTlail-[8h]eclainn, co mca-5 mai-om mofi oppa 2 
(iT>on, mai-om in Cpoip-pleiBe c ) 7 pomapba-5 Ricqvo 
"OiuiT) ann, m bapun mopuapal d 7 a bpairpeca 7 8ecup 
hlla Cellai^, 1*0011, mac in eppuic. piacpa hUa plainn, 
caipec 8il-TTlailn.uanai5, in r-aen "ouine 3 pob' pefip einec 
7 epiom 7comaipce-oobi i Connaccait5, oo'-oul'oo'oenuni 
cleamnufa fie ^allaifi, gap*mafib mac HicaijiT) pnn a f 
bupc 7 TTlac Hi Hi am 7 TTlac pheofiaif 1 meCail e. 

A.D. 1285. '0, A. s ojxta, A. 3 -m, B. b !289, orerhead, n. t. h.. 
B; alias 1289, n. t. h., B ; 1289, on margin, D. The ITIilef item is 
omitted in D. "^ 1. m., t h., A, B ; om, , C, D. d moyi, B ; followed by C. 
a hi, B. ' om., A 

4 Elected. Having gone to Rome 
for the purpose, he got his election 
confirmed by Nicholas IV., May 2, 
1289. (Theiner, p. 142-3.) There- 
upon, he was promoted from sub- 
deaconship to deaconship and em- 
po^ered (May 26) to receive priest's 
Orders from any bishop he should 
chose (ib. 144). On the same day 
the bishops of Killala and Clonfert 
were directed, either of them, with 
two other suffragans, to give him 
episcopal consecrat-on (ib.). 

In addition to being rector of 
Athenry in Tuam, he held a bene- 
fice in Cashel, Killaloe and Killala 
respectively ! To discharge the 
church debts of Tuam and support 
the archiepiscopal dignity, he was 
allowed (Aug. 5, 1289) to retain 
these four preferments for three 
years and to receive one year's re- 
venue of every benefice vacated 
during the threeyearsnext ensuing, 
due provision being made for the 
cure of souls. The bishops of Lis- 



rested in Christ. Cathal, son of Tadhg, son of Cathal 
Mae Diarmata, took the kingship of Magh-Luirg. 
William Mac Fheorais [Bermingham] was elected 4 to the 
archbishopric of Tuaim. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 7th feria, 5th of the moon,] A.D. 
ISSS 1 ^]. Tadhg Fa Flannaga[i]n, chief of Clann- 
Cathail, rested in Christ. Matthew O'Sgingin, arch- 
antiquary of all Ireland, died. Miles, 2 bishop of Con- 
maicni [Ardagh], namely, the Foreign bishop, rested in 
Christ. Simon TJa Finachta, herenagh of Oil-finn, rested 
in Christ. A hosting by Richard Tuit [of Athlone] and 
by the Foreigners of Meath and Maghnus Ua Conchobuir, 
king of Connacht, [was] with him to [attack] Ua Mail- 
[SJechlainn, so that a great defeat (namely, the defeat of 
Crois-sliabh) was inflicted upon them. And Richard Tuit, 
the great, noble Baron was killed 3 therein, as "well as his 
kinsmen and Jacques Ua Cellaigh, namely, the son of the 
bishop. 4 Fiachra Ua Flainn, chief of Muinnter-Mail- 
ruanaigh, the best person for hospitality and prowess and 
protection that was in Connacht, went, to make marriage 
alliance with the Foreigners, so that the son of Richard 
de Burgh the Fair and Mac William [de Burgh] and 
Mac Fheorais killed him in treachery. A great host [was 

[ 1288] 


more and Killaloe were to execute 
the terms of the concession (ib. p. 

[1289] ' 1285 = 1289 of the 
A. L. C. 

2 Miles Of Dunstable. Ap- 
pointed at the close of 1255, or 
early in 1256. (D. L, II. 486.) As 
the temporalities were restored to 
his successor, Matthew, canon of 
Ardagh, Jan. 28, 1290 (ib. III. 

574), Miles, it can scarcely be 
doubled, died in 1289. The text 
is consequently four years pre- 

3 Killed. From a grant of cus- 
tody of his lands and tenements 
issued Sept. 2, 1290 (D. /., III. 
764), it may be inferred that Tuite 
was slain in that year. 

4 Bishop. Thomas O'Kelly, of 
Clonfert, who died in [1263], supra. 


ccwiatcc ulcroTi. 

mop. Le TTlac pbeopaip cum m 4 Cbalbaif; bill 
Concobuifi 7 na mac 6 pi| Lai^nec, 6 co cuca-o maiT>m mop. 
poppo 7 sup'mapba-5 TTlailip -o'Giperpa 7 ^oill inroa 
aili 7 7 eic imt>a T>O bucnn *De. 

]Cal. 1an. [p.* 1, U x-tn.*], CCnno T)omim 171. cc. Ixxx." 
ui. ob [-xc- ] IMliam 1Tlac pbeopaip TX> ab"ail ap-oeppo- 
coiT>e [ < Cuama c ]. 1n c-eppoc hlla 1 8eT>eca[i]n, iT>on, 
eppuc Cille-mic-n"Ouac, quieuic m [Cbpipro]. Cai|ipfii 
B65d ^tja mail[-8h]ectainn, pi THiTe, m mac|am if moipg- 
inmaici 2 T>obi 1 n-6fiinn i n-a aimfip, T>O mapbafc (le d 
TDa[c] Coclan d ). Stuai^e-o la"0omnatt, mac bpiain hUi 
Weill 1 Ceinel-neogam, gup'cuip Niall blla 1 Tleill 
fiT)on, d Nmlt Culanac d ) ap eipn eifci 7 gup'gab pein 
11151 ap top a lama. OCefc bUa 3 "Oomnaill -DO acpi|a^ 
o'a -oepbparaip -pein, i-oon, T>O 'Caipp'oetbac bUa 3 "Oom- 
naill, cpe cumaccain cinm a maap, i*Don, Clainm- 
"Oomnaill 7 ^alloglac n-imT>a aile 4 (7 pip T>O gaCail -DO 
pem a^i eigin* 1 ). 

(tloc' anno lobannep T>e lamia, pparep Opumip Ppe- 
oicaropum, auccopem qui -Dicicup. Cacbolicon 
peppecic, feu a-o pinem pep-ouxiu, Monip TTlapcn/) 

A.D. 1285. 4 an, B. 8 mic (which is meaningless), B. 6 -eaca, A; 
-eca, B. The sense requires the fren. pi. 7 eite, A; 11., B. 

A.D. 1 286. i 0, A. '-fligi, B. * O, B. eile, A ; ., B. b 1290, over- 
head, n. t. h., B ; aliat 1290, n. t. h., C ; 1290, on margin, D. c Given 
in D. Cf. the last item of 1284. Here in A, 1. m., t. h., is : cmnpo cic 
pit) cuap Here [under this year] comes that [entry regarding Mac Ftorait 
given] above [under 1284],. d-d itl., n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. M On text 
space, n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 

8 De Exeter. His name appears 
in a Roll of receipt, May 10, 1289 
(D. /., III. 475); which confirms 
the accuracy of the Loch Ce date. 

[1290] 1 1286 = 1290 of the 
A. L. C. 

9 [David], Elected apparently 

in 1284 (D, I., II. 2182). " David, 
bishop of Kilmacduagh," appears 
in a Roll of receipt, May 20, 1286 
(16., III. 215). Nicholas, canon of 
the church, having announced the 
death of David, licence to elect 
was granted, June 13, 1290 (16., 



led] by Mac Fheorais against the Calbach Ua Concobuir 
and the sons of the kings of Leinster, so that great defeat 
was put upon them. And Meyler de Exeter 5 and many 
other Foreigners were killed and many horses were taken 
from him. 


680). The textual date is thus four 
years in advance. 

3 Killed. Treacherously, accord- 
ing to the A. L, C. 

* Gallowglasses. Literally, Fo- 
reign youth (a collective substan- 
tive). See Grace's Annals (Ir. 
Arch. Soc.), p. 71. 

(1286) VoA of Genoa. John 
De Balbis, a Dominican, born in 
Genoa. Of the Catholicon, Quetif 
and Echard (Script. Ord. Praed., 
p. 462) write : Opus continet Or- 
thographiam, Prosodiam, Gram- 

maticam, Rhetoricam, Etymolo- 
giam : proptereaque dicitur Catho- 
licon, id est, opus universale. Cuius 
potissima pars est Vocabularium 
voces omnes primae, mediae et 
infimae Latinitatis complectens. 
Titulus in codicibus, qua manu- 
scriptis, qua impressis : Incipit 
Summa, quae vocatur Catholicon, 
eclita a F. Joanne de Janua, Ord. 
F. P. Ad calcem : Immensas om- 
nipotenti Deo Patri et Filio et 
Spiritui Sancto gratiarumref erimus 
actiones, qui nostrum Catholicon ex 


Kalends of Jan. [on 1st feria, 16th of the moon,] A.D. 
1286 1 [-90]. William Mac Fheorais took [possession of] 
the archbishopric of Tuaim. The bishop [David] 2 Ua 
Sedechain, namely, bishop of Cell-mic-Duach, rested in 
Christ. Cairpri Ua Mail-[S]echlainn, king of Meath, 
the most noble-deeded youth that was in Ireland in his 
time, was killed 3 (by Ma[c] Cochlan). A hosting by 
Doornail, son of Briain Ua Neill, into Cenel-Eogain, so 
that he put Niall Ua Neill (namely, Niall Culanach) by 
force therefrom and took, the kingship himself by power 
of his force. Aedh Ua Domnaill was deposed by his own 
brother, namely, by Toirdhelbach Ua Domnaill, through 
the power of the tribe of his mother, namely, the Clann- 
Domnaill and many other Gallowglasses 4 (and he took the 
kingship to himself by force). 

(This year John of Genoa, 1 Friar of the Order of (1286) 
Preachers, perfected, or brought to end. the Author that 
is called Catholicon, on the Nones [7th] of March.) 


ccNNeclcc uloroti. 


1an. (p.,* , t. xx.un. m ), CCnno "Oomini 171. cc. 
locxx. ini.i. ob [-xc-i.] ^oinjvoelbac, mac 6ojc;ain bUi Con- 
cobinp, m -ouine ip mo 7 ip c aille 7 fiob' penji einec 7 
egnom 7 copcun. 1 T>obi i, i>o d man.bcr5 la Wiatl n- 
gelbui-fce blla Concobuin.. 8lua te Ricajvo a bufic, te 
h1anla Ulai) (I'Don," m c-1anla n.uaT>*), i "Cifi-n 60501 n, 
T>'afi'aqai pe "Oomnall, macbfiiain hlli MeilL 7T>Ofii5a'5 
leip MialL Culanac O f Meilt' 7mtifi T)opa5 2 in c-1apla in 
cijt, -Domaiaba^ Nialt CuLanac le "Oomnall bUa Neitl. 
Ocup T)oiii5a^ a bucc an 1a|ila cecna te TDac ITIaipcin 
7 le TDac 6om mac CCeT>a buit>e bUi Ueitl (iT>on, e bfiian, 
mac CCeT>a buitie*) 7 fiopasaifi "Oomnall in cip.. Sluag 
leifin | 1apla 1 'Gin.-Conaillcum 'Coifip.'&elbai^, sun-'aipg 
m cip., ecen. all 7 cuaic 7 co cainic i ConnaccaiB 3 co 
bOil-pmn 7 co cuca-oun. Connacca pelbn.ai5De TX>. 

A.D. 1287. ^Su^A. -saiB,B. s -cca, B. b 1291, overhead,, 
B ; alias 1291 n. t. h., C ; 1291 onmargin, D. CH! jxob' that was, B. d a 
M itL, n. t. h., A; om., B, C, D. "om., B, C; given in D. 

multis et diversis doctorum textu- 
ris elaboration atque contextum, 
licet per mtilta annorura curricula, 
in M.CC.LXXX.VI. Anno Domini, 
Nonis Martii, ad fiuem usque pcr- 

The concluding words shew that 
the person who made the additional 
entry at this year had the Catholicon 
before him. 

Erasmus pokes fun at the Catho- 
licon in the Synodus Grummatlcorum: 
Albinus : Quinam erant [libri] ? 
Bertulphus : Oh, praeclari omnes : 
Catholicon, etc. (Erasmi Colloyitia, 
Amstelodami, Typ. Lud. Elzevirii, 
1650, p. 417.) 

Its chief interest lies in the fact 
that it was, according to Trithe- 
mius, the first example of block 

printing. Treating of John of 
Guttenberg and John Fust, he 
says (Chron. Hir&ang. a<lan. 1450) : 
Imprimis igitur characteribus lit- 
terarum in tabulis ligneis per 
ordinem scriptis formisque compo- 
sitis vocabularium Catholictn nun- 
capatum impresseruut : sed cum 
iisdcm formis nihil aliud potuerunt 
inscribere, etc. Six other additions 
of the work appeared up to 1506. 
The Authors of the Histoirt 
Litteraire de la France do not fail 
to turn bis confession to account : 
Balbi de Genes, 1'un de plus c^lebres 
grammariens dont 1' Italic put alors 
s'enorgueillir, avoue qu'il ne sait 
pas bien la langue d' Home re : mi hi 
non bene scienti linguam Graecum 
[sic] (p. 142). 



Kalends of Jan. (on 2nd feria, 27th of the moon,) A.D. 
r2Sl l [-91~\. Toirdhelbach, son of Eogan Ua Concobuir, 
the person who was greatest and handsomest and who was 
best of hospitality and prowess and triumph that was in 
Ireland, was killed by Niall Ua Concobuir 1 the Tawny. 
A host [was led] by Richard <le Burgh [namely] by the 
Earl of Ulster (that is, the Red Earl) into Tir-Eogain, 
whereby he deposed Domnall, son of Brian Ua Neill and 
Niall Culanach O'Neill was made king by him. And when 
the Ejn-1 left the country, Niall Culanach was killed by 
Domnall Ua Neill. And. the son of Aedh 2 Ua Neill the 
Tawny (namely, Brian, son of Aedh the Tawny) was made 
king, with assent of the same Earl, by Mac Martin and by 
Mac Eoin. And Domnall left the country. A host [was 
led] by the Earl into Tir-Conaill against Toirdhelbach 
[Ua Domnaill], so that he harried the country, both church 
and territory. And he came into Connacht lo Oil-finn 
and the Connachtmen gave deceptive pledges 3 to him. 


[1291] ^1287 = 1291 of the 
A. L. C. 

2 SonofAedh (namely, Brian}. 
The collocation of the subject (after 
the agent) has led the authors of 
C and D astray. C gives : " And 
Was made king after by the 
consent of the Earle aforesaid by 
Mac Martin and Mac Eoin Mac 
Hugh Boy O'Neale." Read " The 
son [mac] of Hugh Boy [Me Tawny] 
was made king," etc. D has: 
Bernardus [recte, Brianus], films 
Odonis Flauui, regnauit authoritate 
Comitis et per institutionem Mag 
Martin et Macke Euoyne, nliuin 
Odouis Flaui. Mac Eoin and mac 
Aedha are here erroneously taken to 
be in apposition. 

A scribal error, which passed un - 

noticed by the editor, occurs in the 
A. L. C. (1291). The person who 
was made king is called Niall, son 
of Aedh. In the entry of his death 
at 12t'5 in the same Annals, he is 
rightly named Brian, son of 

3 Deceptive pledges. That is, they 
intended nevertheless to cast off his 
authority as soon as they could . C 
makes an extraordinary blunder in 
this place : " Connaght made him 
the Feast of St. Briget ! " That is, 
fel, deceit is taken for feil, feast 
and braighde, pledges, for Brighde, 
gen. of Brigit, a personal name. D 
also errs : Inhabitantes tradiderunt 
eidem viles tantum obsides. The 
F. M. omit/e/, which is the chief 


cctiNoclcc ulcroti. 

Concobup hUa "Outface, pi htla-piacpac, 4 -DO bara-fe ap in 
c-8mamn. Comtogbail DO Denum -DO Charal hUa 
Concobuip 7 DO Nialt &elbuiDe 7 DO lucrgaca 
acu, ecep Jallait5 7 

7 impepam DO cabaipc DOID* i CapaiD-CutainD 
(abap'-Chulrfiaile*). Ocup CcrcalDo toe ami 7 TTIupcaD, 
mac TxuDs bill Concobuip, DomapbaD ann 7 Dame eile 
7 eic inroa DO Cuain DO Tftuinnrep TTIasnufa 7 maiDm 
DO abaific a|i pem 7 a Dul af po laim 7 cyieca mopa DO 
Denum DO mtiinnrefi Carail [U]i Concobuifi 7 DO Mi alt 
^elbuiDe afi n-guin Cacail 1 Caipppi. Ocup TTlajnup 
ConcoBaip, ap cecc DO 8hit-TTIuipeDai5 cuigi 7 a aep^ 
B 66a Bpcroa -pem 7 5 a ^C m ^] Tlopa-|Comain D'O -poipi^in ap 
namapac ap eipm maDma, cocc DO i n-aippcip 6 na cpec- 
(tp g bpeir* DO poppo ap 8pcrc-m-'pepain[n] po'n h CCenac, 
m cpec uite DO buam Di!5 7 Niatl pem DO Dul ap eipn 
ap 7 "Comap TTIac ^oipDelB DO mapbaf> ann 7 a bparaip, 
"OaiBic TTIac ^r^elB, DO aBaiL ann 7 a mapba-5 ipm 
tairn pin 1 7 mopan aile 7 Do'n c-plo| pin DO mapba-5 ann, 
ecep ^altaio" 7 ^aiDetaiB. Ocup cecc DO "Niatl ap pic 
apcip 7 a pepann pem DO rabaipr; DO. "Dopigne-o' ecep- 
capaic mop 7 mnlac aD^ul eruppu : puabaipcin cipeDO 
^a!5ait-Do Niatt ; cpec mop DO Denum DO TTlhapiup ap 
Nialt 7 a apgain uile. 1 CCeD bllapaUamam quieuicm 
[Chpipco]. Conalac TTld^ eocasa[i]n,r;aipec Cene[oi]L- 
phiacaiD, mopcuup epr. 

(bpian k ptainn, pi 0-"Cuipcpi, occippup epc. 
^CoippDealbac hUa "Oomnailt DO a^pi^aD D'O bpcccaip 
A. D. 1287. 4 O , A. "ae^a (gen.) A. -JT, A. 7 eile, A; il, B. 
<ocii^ bfieft and (he) overtook, B ; followed by C, D. h poyi an upon 
the, B. cecna the same, B, C. Mom., B, C, D. "n. t. h., A ; om., 
B, C, D. 

'Secretly. Literally (as rendered 
in C), under hand. It means that he 
was not recognised. Fauore, potiua 
quam propria industria, cuanit, D. 

5 Maghnus. Here, by the native 
idiom, norn. absolute. 

6 With difficulty.*' Escaped 
hardly," C ; valide, licet fugiendo, 
euasit, D. 

(1287). J Brian.-- This item is 
in the F. M. (who have died, instead 
of was */ain) at 1291. The other 



Concobur Ua Dubhda, king of Ui-Fiachrach, was drowned [1291] 
in the Shannon. A general muster was made by Cathal 
Ua Concobuir and by Niall the Tawny and by all the folk 
that they had capable of rising out, both Foreigners and 
Gaidhil, to depose Maghnus. And they gave battle in 
Caradh-Culainn (otherwise, [CaradhJ-Chulmaile) and Cathal 
was injured therein and Murchadh, son of Tadhg Ua Con- 
chobuir and other persons [were killed there]. And many 
horses were taken from the people of Maghnus and defeat. 
was inflicted upon himself and he went therefrom secretly. 4 
And many preys were made by the people of Cathal Ua 
Conchobuir and by Niall the Tawny [in revenge] for tha 
wounding of Cathal in Cairpre. And Maghnus 5 O'Con- 
cobhair, when the Sil-Muiredaigh came to him and [when] 
his own retinue and the Foreigners of Hos-Comain [came] 
to his aid on the morrow after the defeat, he went to the 
rescue of the preys. On his overtaking them at Srath-in- 
fherainn and close by the Aenach, all the prey was taken 
from them andNiall himself escaped with difficulty 6 there- 
from. And Thomas Mac Goistelb was killed there and his 
kinsman, David Mac Goistelb, was captured there and 
much more of that host, both Foreigners and Gaidhil, was 
killed there. And Niall came, on peace [being made], into 
the country and his own land was given to him. Great 
recrimination and contention [however] happened between 
them : the direction of the country was assumed by Niall ; 
a great foray was made by Maghnus on Niall and he was 
completely despoiled by him. Aedh Ua Fallamhain 
rested in Christ. Conghalach Mag Eochaga[i]n, chief of 
Cenel-Fiachaidh, died. 

(Brian 1 O'Flainn, king of Ui-Tuirtri, was slain. (1287) 
Toirdhealbach Ua Domnaill was deposed by his own kins- 

two entries are in the A. L. C. 
under 1291. Perhaps the Conti- 
nuator placed them here, though 
at the wrong year, because they 

were given at the same date as the 
foregoing textual events in the 
source whence he drew. 






pein, iT>on, o'CCe'b hUa T)omnaill 7 pip T>O at>ail TX> 
pein apip. CCeT>pu nrihaspac, abb na 'Cpinoi'oe ap Loc- 
Che, m Cbpipco quieuii:. k ) 

]Cat. 1an. [p.* in., U ix.,*] CCnno "Domini 171. cc.'lxxx." 
uin. b [-xc.ii.] 8lua| c lefin 1apla cecna cum 
no co painic co Rop-Comam 7 T)ovm[r]ic 5011 
5011 nepr; Wn cupup fin. Rolen imofinx) TTla^nuf m c- 
1a]ila co TTlilius 7 -oofiisne a oi|ieip. ann. c "Oonnccrfc, 
mac Bogain htli Concobuip,, quieuic in [Chpifco]. 
Somaipti'D ain.mle5ai"5 DO manba-5 ta hUa 1 MeilL 
Niall gealbui-oe hlla Concobuip TX> mafibat* -DO "Chcrbg, 
mac CCinn^iaf 1 bUi Concobuip 7 T>O 'Cbuacal, mac muip,- 
ceficai^. trios Cocta[i]n, p.i "OeU5na, T)O man.baT> | T>O 
Sbipn TDac pbeop.aif rpe pofigolt m 2 lafila. CCin-oitef 
"OocayiT:ai, txxipec CCjvoa-lTli'Dain., ffineinc m Cb^ifco. 

]CaU 1an. [p.* u., I. xx., 3 ] CCnno "Domini TT1. cc. Ixxx. 
ix. ob [-xc. 111.] TTIasniif blla Concobuip., ni Connacc pe r 
coic 1 blia-ona co leic, m -pep. -oenma -j-i-oa 7 ca^ai-o n.obo 
mo st 10111 7 cofsun. 7 pob' -pepn. einec 7 egnom 1 n-a 
aimpin. pein T>O ^aittelaiC, iafi m-beic -DO ]iairi 1 n- 
galan., moficuup efc. Caral blla Concobuin. TX> map.bcr5 
DO Rtiaifrfti, mac "Oonnaroa fiia^ai^. Coral fitia-o hUa 
Concobuip. (iT)on, d mac Concubaip. puaiD d ) T>O ^aCail pip 
Conna&c lap n-j;abail CCeDa, mic Gogain. Ocup Cacal 
cerma 7>o mapbatt 1 cmn paici TX) Ruai-opi, mac "Oonn- 
ca^a pm15ai bUi Concobuip 7 CCe-5, mac Gogain, -DO 

A.D. 1288. '0, A. 3 an, A. b 1292, overhead, n. t. h., A; a/ioa 

1292, n. t. h., C ; 1292, on margin, D. om n B, C, D. 

A.D. 1239. i .u. (the Latin equivalent used here and elsewhere as 
contraction). A, B. b !293, overhead, n. t. h., B; alias 1293, n. t. h.,CJ 

1293, on margin, D. c om. (probably by mistake), A. <J - <J itL, n. t. h., 
A ; om., B, C, D. 

1 Trinity. The Premonstraten- 
sian abbey, Trinity Island, Loch 

[1202] x /*$=! 292 of the 
A. L. C. 

1 Son of Andrew. D adds : mic 



Kalends of Jan. [on 5th feria, 20th of the moon,] A.D. 
1289 1 [-93]. Maghnus Ua Concobuir, king of Connacht 
for five years and a half, the man of the Gaidhil for making 
peace and war that caused most terror and triumph and 
was best in hospitality and benevolence in his own time, 
after being a quarter [of a year] in illness, died. Cathal 
Ua Conchobuir was killed by Ruaidhri, son of Donnchadh 
the Swarthy. 2 Cathal Ua Conchobuir the Red (namely, 
son of Concubar the Red) took the kingship of Connacht 
after the capture of Aedh, son of Eogan [Ua Conchobair]. 
And the same Cathal was killed at the end of a quarter 
[of a year] by Ruaidhri, son of Donnchadh Ua Conchobuir 

Bria[i]n Luaigne son of Brian of 
Luighni. This is given in the 
A. L. C. (1292). 

For Tuathal, see the final entry 
of following year. 

3 Ard-Midhair. D adds: com- 
inunis omnibus hospitalitate. The 

original of the expression is in the 
f. M- at this year. 

[1293] x 1289 =1293 of the 
A. L. C. 

Donnchadh the Swarthy. Do- 
nati fusci, D. 


man, namely, by Aedh Ua Domnaill and the kingship was [1291] 
taken by himself again. Aedru Magrath, abbot of the 
Trinity 2 in \lit. on] Loch-Che, rested in Christ.) 

Kalends of Jan. [on 3rd feria, 9th of the moon,] A.D. ri292Bis. 
1288 1 [-92]. A host [was led] by the same Earl against 
Maghnus [Ua Conchobair], until he reached Ros-Comain, 
and he went without hostage, without sway, fcQ that ex- 
pedition. Maghnus, however, followed the Earl to Miliug 
and complied with his full demand there. Donnchadh, 
son of Eogan Ua Conchobuir, rested in Christ. Somhair- 
lidh O'Gairmleghaidh was killed by- Ua Neill. Niall Ua 
Conchobuir the Tawny was killed by Tadhg, son of 
Andrew 2 Ua Conchobuir and by Tuathal, son of Muircer- 
tach. Mag Cochla[i]n, king of Delbna, was killed by 
Sifin Mac Feorais [Birmingham], through direction of the 
Earl. Aindiles O'Dochartaigh, chief of Ard-Midhair, 3 
rested in Christ. 



ccmicclcc ulcroTi. 

lejan af 7 1*151 Conn ace DO 500*01 1 DO' cjie nefic in 
Sbiurrif. Ccnflen 811515 DO Denum DO Sbeon p[cz] 
Tomuf 7 a Dul raifiif co cec 1115 8axan. CCeD, mac 
B 66b 6o5ain bUi Concobuin, DO 5abail 11151 Connacc | 7' a 
11150-5 Wn ^ufcif 7 "DO muinnten" m 2 pi5 7 an 3 DecmaD 4 
ta ian. f n-a n.i5OD, a 500*01 1 DO TTlac ^efuxilc 1 6 meCail 7 
coica 6 DO muinncen, DO man.baD7 cp.eca monxr TK> "5enum 
aip, TTlunmT) hUa TTlail-[8h]eclainn, pi TTli-be, quieuic 
in [Chfupco]. pep5al hUa Ra5aiLlai5, fii 1Tluinncen.i- 
Tnhailmoyfba, nioficuuf efc. "Caipyi paT>paic 7 7 Cotuim- 
dLle 7 bpi5T)e 7>o poillfiusu'D T>ot]icol TTlac TTlail-1ffU, 
DO Cbomafiba pa-Dfiaic, 7 T>O bee 8a6ull pacp.aic 7 7 a 
rosbail-oo 7 lap, n-a 8 cosbail, pefica mofia 7 min.buitet>a 
'DO'benum 7 a cun.'oofun a fcfun cunroai^ co bonofiac. 
in5en peiT>Limre hUi Concobuin., quieuic m 
co]. ploifu'nt; bUa Cepbatta[i]n, ei^puc "Cin-e- 
* (aliaf, d ei^puc *Oaifie d ), quieuic in [Chp.ipco]. 
TT1ui|ice|iT:ac blla planna'5a[i]n, caifec Clainni-Cacail, 
quieuic m [Cbjiifco]. 'Ciiarat, h mac TTIuificeriT:ai5 (blli d 
CboncubaijV 1 ), DO mafibaf* la Tnuinncefi-ea^fia. 

(Coral 1 TTlac "Oian.maT>a, 1115 TTIbuise-Luips, DO 5af>ail 
le bCCeD, mac 6050111 bill CboncuCain, im meaCuil 7 be 
pein DO Dul afi 615111 an. cofiaD a lama af a CUID'P.ISID' 7 
cfieac DO Denum DO afi cloinn Cbarail bUi pbl 
Ocuf millet* 9 Connacc DO reacc DO na bolcaio" 
annfin enp, 5at5ail 7 mafiboD.' CCeD, J mac 

A.D. 1289. *an,A.. 8 m, B. .x. mero, A, B. 8 a, A, .t (the Latin 
numeral used as contraction), A, B. 7 -i, B. 8 n-o, A. 'tnilly, (A) MS. * a 
huccan '^lui'ciyymuinnceii.i by the power of the Justiciary and the people 
(of the king), B ; "by the power of the deputy," C. ' ayi on (=after), A 
"Doij\e of Doire, with : tio, 'Chiin-hGogam or, of Tir-Eogain, itL, t. 
h., B ; followed by C and D. h om., D. '-'n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 
ML m., n. t. h., but different from that of ' ' , A ; om., B, C, D. 

3 Justiciary. William de Vesey, 

*Fitz Thomat.Fitz Gerald of 
^ffaly. For the wager of battle 
between him and de Vesey (in con- 

nection with which he went to 
England), see D. L, IV. 147. 

Opposite this entry, 1. m. , Latin 
hand, is : Reedificatio Sliyiae per 
A nylos. 



the Swarthy. And Aedh, son of Eogan, was liberated and [1293] 
the kingship of Connacht taken by him through the power 
of the Justiciary. 3 The castle of Sligech was built by 
John Fitz Thomas 4 and he went across to the house of the 
king of the Saxons. Aedh, son of Eogan TJa Conchobuir, 
took the kingship of Connacht and he was made king by 
the Justiciary and by the people of the king and the tenth 
day after his being made king, he was captured in 
treachery by Fitz Gerald. And fifty of his people were 
killed and great preys were made upon him. Murcha h 
Ua Mail-[S]echlainn, king of Meath, rested in Christ. 
Ferghal Ua Raighaillaigh, king of Muinnter-Mailmordha, >., 
died. The relics 5 of [SS.] Patrick and Colum-cille and 
Brigit were revealed to Nicholas Mac Mail-Issu, [namely] 
to the successor of Patrick, to be in Sabhall of Patrick. 
And they were taken up by him and, after their being taken 
up, great deeds and marvels were done and they were 
placed honourably by him in an ornamental shrine. Mor, 
daughter of Feidhlimidh Ua Conchobuir, rested in Christ. 
Florence 6 Ua Cerballa[i]n, bishop of Tir-Eog^in (other- 
wise, bishop of Daire), rested in Christ. Muircertach Ua 
Flannaga[i]n, chief of Clann-Cathail, rested in Christ. 
Tuathal, son of Muircertach (Ua Conchubair), was killed 
by the Muinnter-Eaghra. 

(Cathal 1 Mac Diarmada, king of Magh-Lurg, was taken (1289) 
prisoner by Aedh, son of Eoghan Ua Conchubhair, in 
treachery. And he himself went by force, by dint of his 
own power, out of his fetters and a foray was made by him 
on the children of Cathal Ua Flannagan. And destruction 
of Connacht came of the evils that were done then, both 

5 The relics, etc. O'Donovan ( f . 
M. iii. 456 sq.) adduces reasons to 
shew that this discovery did not 
take place. 

Florence On April 22, 1293, 
four years later than the textual 

date of his death , he paid a fine of 
20s. for not coming to parliament 
(D. I., IV. 21). He died the same 
year, before October 10 (ib, 94). 

(1289) * Cathal, etc. The ad- 
ditions belong to 1293. The first 


cctiNccccc uuroft. 

h[Ui Concu]buip, mci[pi]c pefenjape. Tleliqui[a]e 
[8ancr]opum parpicii, Columbae [ec] bpigi-oae [hoc] 
anno m[uen]r;ae 

fcat. 1an. [p.* ui., L 1.,'] CCnno "Domini 171." cc. xc. ob 
[-1111.] CCeV mac eogain, T>O oenum mop, ap 
Clainn-TTluipcepcail;. TTluipceptac, mac TTIa^nupahtJi 
Concobuip, aftbup coiceikns 1 ip pepp *oo bi T)'a ciniufc 2 
A 64d pem, T>O mapba-b le "Oomnall, mac "Cai-og 7 le "Ca&x. | 
T)omnalt hUa he^pa, pi Lui^ne, quieuic in [Chpifco]. 
HTIael-Seclainn hUa 3 planna5a[i]n, caipec Clainni- 
Cacail, T)O mapbar> La Cacal, mac "Caif^ ITIic "Oiap- 
maca, ap fpai-D Sligis. 4 "Oonnca-o ITlac Con[8h]nama, 
rxupec TTIuinncepi-Cinaeca, 5 quieuic m [Chpipco]. 
"Ouapcan TDac 6 'Cigepnain, raifec 'Ceallaig-'Ouncaw, 
quieuic in [Chpipco]- Carat mac Tai-og TTlic "Oiap- 
maca, pi ITlui^e-Luips, quieinc m [Cbpipco]. Cappac- 
m-caipn TTlag "Chigepnam, raipec ^hellai5-T)uncaf>a, 
quietnc m [Chpivco]. Caipten Slips T>O lea^al* le hCCe'b, 
mac Go^ain hUi d Concobuip. d "Oepbail,* mgen "Cai^s 
ITIic (CacaiU TTlic') "Oiapmar:a, quieuic m [Cbpipco]. 
TTlaelpuanaij;, mac ^ilta-Cpifo TTlic T)iapmaca, 7>o 
^aBaitpii 1Tlai5i-Ltiip5. e 1n c-1apla (iT>on, g Hicap-o a 
bupc, iT>on, an c-1apla pua'D 8 ) T>O gabait T>O TDac ^paiLT: 
7 buai'ope'b Cpenn uile TX) recc cpi-o an" gaBait* pin. 
Cpeca* mopa mebla TOO "oenum T>O TTlac ^T 1011 ^ 7 ^o 

A.D. 1290. l -7ais, B. 8 cmeT>, A: O, A. 4 -&-6, A. 8 -ait, B. 
TTlas, B. 1294, overhead, n.t. h., B ; alia* 1294, n. t. h., B, C; 1294 
on margin, D. c This item is omitted in D. d - d om., B, C ; given in D. 
~ om., B, C, D. '- itL, n. t. h., (A) MS. *-*itl., n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, 
D. Opposite the entry, r. m., t. h., A, B, is ^aboil Hlaic eyxcntc a.\i in 
layxla Fitz Gerald's capture of the Earl ; literally : capture of FittOerald 
on the Earl. 

is given in the A. L. C. at that 
year ; the second and third are 
respectively found (with more de- 

tail) in the third and eighth of the 
original entries of this year. 

[1294] 7,700=1294 of thevl.Z,. C. 



by capturing and killing. Aedh, son of Eogan Ua Con- 
chobuir, begins to reign. The relics of Saints Patrick. 
Columba and Brigid were found this year.) 

Kalends of Jan. [on 6th feria, 1st of the moon,] A.D. 
1290 1 [-4]. Aedh, eon of Eogan [Ua Conchobair], made k 
great foray^on the Clann-Muircertaigh. Muircertach, 
son of Magnnus Ua Concobuir, the one of his own sept 
best fit to be king of a Province, was killed hy Donmall. 
son of Tadhg and by Tadhg [Ua Conchobair]. Domnall 
Ua Eghra, king of Luighni, rested in Christ. Mael- 
Sechlainn Ua Flannaga[i]n, chief of Clann-Cathail, was 
killed by Cathal, son of Tadhg Mac Diarmata, on the 
street of Sligech. Donnchadh Mac Con[Sh]nama, chief of 
Muinnter-Cinaetha, rested in Christ. Duarcan Mac 
Tigernain, chief of Tellach-Dunchadha, rested in Christ. 
Cathal, son of Tadhg Mac Diarmata, king of Magh- 
Luirg, rested in Christ. Carrach-in-cairn 2 Mag Tigernain, 
chief of Tellach-Dunchadha, rested in Christ. The castle 
of Sligech was levelled 3 by Aedh, son of Eogaji Ua Con- 
chobuir. Derbail, daughter of Tadhg (son of Cathal) Mac 
Diarmata, rested in Christ. Maelruanaigh, son of Gilla- 
Crisd Mac Diarmata, took the kingship of Magh-Luirg. 
The Earl (namely, Richard de Burgh, that is, the Red 
Earl) was taken prisoner 4 by Fitz Gerald and disturbance 
of all Ireland came through that capture. Great 
treacherous forays were made by Fitz Gerald and by Mac 

2 Carrach - in - Cairn. Scabidus 
acervi Lipidum, D. The origin of 
the soubriquet is unknown to me. 
The editor of the A. L. C. (i. 510) 
says the F. M. call him Duarcau. 
The explanation is, they give 
Duarcan's obit (the next preceding 
entry but one) and omit this. 

Levelled. See the third original 
entry of [1293], supra. 

4 Taken prisoner. At the close of 
1294, or early in 1295 (D. I., IV. 
191 : the Roll referred to by 
O'Donovan, F. M. iii. 462, note n). 
According to Clyn's Annals the 
earl was taken on Saturday [Dec. 
12] before the feast of St. Lucy 
[Dec. 13] 1294. Hence the text 
is four years antedated. 




ttlac plieofiaip ap. Connaccait) 7 CCeD, mac 60501 n, -DO 
T, V pamcnU; D'aqfugaD. 1n cipDo inilliUD DOID* 7 nip'sabpac 
nepc eiti bui> mo na fin. T)aibi TTIac ille-CCppaic 
DO mapbai) ta maccntS "Oomnaill DUIO" bill 6spa.* 

(gilla-CCDomnain 11 TTlaspair, comapba 'Cepmuinn- 
T)abe6[i]5, qtneuic Decimo cepciolCalenDapflouembpip 
boc anno. h ) 

leal. 1an. [p. a uii.,U x.n.,*] OCrmo*Oomini ID cc.occ. i. ob 
[-u.] 1n r-1afila cecna T>O tegun af-oo TTIac ^epailc 
c|ie nefic fii Saxan afi b^ai^DiB main[B] -o'a cine-o 
B 66c pem. | bfiian, mac CCefa bin^e hlli tleiLL, pi CeniinL- 
Oo^ain, 1 -DO mafibat* la "Domnall (mac c bpiain c ) blJi[-a] 
Meitl 7 aj\ mop T>O 5^ a ^ a1 ^ 7 ^bai-5etaiC 'mailte 
ppif (TTlaiT)m d na Cp.aiCe d ). "Domnall bUa 2 Celtai, pi 
bUa 2 -TTlaine, m c-aen ^nai-oel if gbcu 7* if tinai5i[u]" 
7 if' pepp. comuinle oobi 1 n-a T>ucai > 5' f -pem a h n-epinn, 11 
a eg i n-aibic manai^ 70 afmucal 1 Cnoc-fHuai^e. 
Conn 1 TTTIac bpana[i]n, caifec Copc[a]-CCcLanT), 
efc. 1 < Comalr;ac h 1Tluc bfiana[i]n, m 
'n-a ina*5, T)O mapba'5 DO tnui'nnce|i Cbonalla[i]n a n- 
oi^ailc a n-arup DO mayiboD D0fum. b CojaD 3 moj* i 
Tin.-Conaill ifin 4 bliat>ain fin. 1 CagaD mon. ecen.fii 
8axan 7 pi'ppangc. CaipLen k [TTlui5e-T)uma k ] 7 caiflen 
m baile-nua 7 caiften TTlui5i-bpec|iaiDe DO lea^aD la 

A.D. 1290. h h t. m., n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1291. 'Cenel , A. 2 0, A. "cagcro, A. 4 if (short form of 
the textual word), B. b 1295, overhead, n. t. h., B ; alias 1295, n. t. L., C ; 
1295, on margin, D. itl., t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. r. m., t. h., A ; 
1. m., t. h., B ; om., C, D. **om. f A, D ; given in B, C. ' Tx>b' that 
wot, B. aimpTX time, B, C ; om., D. hh om., B, C, D. 'om.,D; 
e^c is omitted in A. 1 p thit, B. k - k om., B, C, D ; a blank is left in 
the MS. for the name, which is here supplied from the Annals of Lock 
Ce (1296). 



Feorais on Connacht and Aedh, son of Eogan.jgejned to 
be deposed. The country was destroyed by them ; but 
they got no power that was greater than that. David Mac 
Gille-arraith was killed by the sons of Domnall Ua Eghra 
the Black. 

(Gilla-Adomhnain Magraith, superior of Termonn- 
Dabeo[i]g, rested on the 13th of the Kalends of November 
[Oct. 20] this year.) 

Kalends of Jan. [on 7th feria, 12th of the moon], A.D. 
1291 1 [-5]. The same Earl was liberated by Fitz Gerald, 2 
through power of the king of the Saxons, for good hostages 
of his own sept. Brian, son of Aedh Ua Neill the Tawny, 
was killed by Domnall (son of Brian) Ua Neill and great 
havoc [was wrought] of Foreigners and Gaidhil along 
with him (The Defeat of the Craibh). Domnall Ua 
Cellaigh, king of Ui-Maine, the one Gaidhel the most 
prudent, the most perfect and of best counsel that was in 
his own district in Ireland, died in the habit of a monk 
and was buried in Cnoc-Muaidhe. Conn Mac Brana[i]n, 
chief of Corca-Achlann, was slain. Tomaltach Mac 
Brana[i]n, the chief that was made in his stead, was 
killed by the family of Cu-alla[i]n, in revenge of their 
father having been killed by him. Great war in Tir- 
Conaill in this year. Great war 3 between the king of the 
Saxons and the king of the French. The castle of [Magh- 
Duma] and the castle of Newtown and the castle of Magh- 
Brecraidhe were levelled by Geoffrey Ua Ferghail. 




[12951 1 1291 = 1295 of the 
A. L. C. 

2 Fitz Gerald. He was in "West- 
minster at the time, having sub- 
mitted to the king's will respecting 
the caption of de Burgh and other 

treasonable offences laid to his 
charge (D. /., IV. 246). 

3 War. Edward I.'s abortive 
expedition for the recovery of 
Gascony in 1295. For the con- 
nexion of Ireland therewith, see 
D. /., IV. Index Gascony. 



A65a[bi r .] ]cat 1cm. [p.' i., 1. xx.111.'], CCnno T)omim TTI. cc. xc. 
n. ob [-ui.] CCe-o, mac 60501 n hlli Con cobu 1^,^0*0^1506 
T)'a oifiecc pem 7 Clann-fTliiin,cen.cnij;; -DO rabaipc apnn. 
7n-a imro 7 cennup 7 

TX> fcabaint; -DO Choncobun. 

, mac Catail 7 in cifi uile, ecefi cill 7 cuai, TJO 
miTtiu < 6 cjxepan acfiisa'o fin. Cnic-Caipppi uile 7>o 
lopcai) 7 T>O miltiu^ la Clainn-rntnpcencai^ 7 7>ul pa 
cemplaiB in r;ip,e T>oiC. Octif -00-015011 "Oia 7 Colum- 
cille 7 TTluin.e bainngefina. ifacempuillT>ofaip|;eT)Ufi. 
8lua mofi -oo anol -oo'n CCe-5 cecna i^in T>O ^allait5 7 
DO 5 n 1P 06laiB pa llilbam buns 7 pa "CeboiT) a bunc, co 
paba-ouja ceirfii 4 hoi"5ce ipcin. 7 fiorfiillea-oufi apbanna 7 
imenna m nfie uile 7 caii5aT)U|i caipic in i:i|ie 'n-a rec 
annpin. RugaDun leo iaT> co ceo m, 7>o ^enum 
pra CCe-oa. Ocup ge nosellpar;, mn,' comaillpec m pift 
7 T>O aencai^e-oufi anif an. recc o'a ci lepin Clainn 
cecna pn. 1n c-CCe"5 cecna pin T>O coi'becc ipna 'CuacaitS. 
pen^ail 7 DDas Ra^naill co n-a n-imificit5 T>O rabaipc 
06 leip. Ocup cecca -oo cun. cum TTlac "Oianmaca 7 

plannasa[i]n 7 mnco'b DoiC ipcifi cnepan cectainecc 
pm 7 Concobufi fiuat -oo* 1 lenmain 7 cpec 7>o oenum -06 
popno. 1mpoT> -ooift poppo, 1-oon, ap m qieic 7 Concobufi* 

, mac' Carail,' T>O mapba'b le TTlac "Oiapma^a 1 an. 
cfieice. Ocup Loclamn, mac Concobuin, DO 
^abail7 TTla^nup, mac Tomalcais, -oosabail 7 becan h TX> 
^aimI5 eile -oo manba^ ann. h Ocup ip ann T)0fiinne^ pin, 

1 Cinn-CeiDi 'Chipe-'Cuacail. CCef> blla 2 Concobuip 7 
TYlac "Oianmaca 7 pep^ail 7 na hoifiecca aficeana -oo 

A.D. 1292. ^-"Qiarx , B. "0, A. b 1296, overhead, n. t. h., B ; 
aliat 1296, n t. h., C ; 12%, on margin, D. c *om., B, C, D. d Over o is 
placed a, n. t. b., to make the reading -oa [=roo a] (followed] them, MS. 
(A). B has iTX>n namely (quia, D), introducing the punishment that 
was inflicted on the profaners of the churches. 

[1296] 1292 = 1296 of the 
A. L. C. 

3 Church and territory. " Both 

spiritual! and temporall," C ; in 
utroque foro, D. 


Kalends of Jan. [on 1st feria, 23rd of the moon], A.D. [l296Bis.l 
1292 1 [-6]. Aedh, son of Eogan Ua Conchobuir, were 
deposed by his own tefee-and the Clann-Muircertaigh were 
brought into the country in his stead and headship and 
hostages were given to Concobur the Red, son of Cathal 
[Ua Conchobair]. And the whole country, both church 
and territory, 2 was destroyed through that deposition. All 
the district of Cairpre was burned and destroyed by the 
Clann-Muircertaigh and the churches of the territory were 
attacked by them. And God and Colum-cille and Mary, 
the Queen, whose churches they profaned, avenged [this]. 
A great host was mustered by the same Aedh of 
Foreigners and Gaidhil under William de Burgh and 
under Theobald de Burgh, so that they were four nights 
in the country and they destroyed the crops and chattels V 
of all the country. And the chiefs of the country came 
into their house [i.e., submitted] then. They took them 
with them to the house of the Earl [Richard de Burgh], 
to make peace with Aedh. And though they promised, 
they kept not the peace and they united again with that 
same Clann on returning to their homes. That same 
Aedh came into " The Territories." O'Ferghail and Mag 
Raghnaill with their forces he brought with him. And 
messengers were sentttT the Mac Diarmatas and O'Flan- 
naga[i]ns and they returned into the country in conse- 
quence of that message. And Conchobur the Red 
followed and made a foray upon them. They turned 
upon these, namely, upon the foray force and Concobur 
the Red was killed by Mac Diarmata, in driving the prey. 
And Lochlainn, son of Concobur, was taken and Maghnus, 
son of Tomaltach, was taken and a small number of other 
persons were killed there. And where that was done is in 
Cenn-Ceidi of Tir-Tuathail. Aedh Ua Concobuir and Mac 
Diarmata and O'Ferghail and the allies also made large 
retaliatory forays on the people of Clann-Muircertaigh the 


crwicclcc ulccDti. 

Benum cpec mop n-7>i5la ap muinncip 1 Ctainni-TTluip- 

cepcai& m ta cetna. 1n c laclann cecna fin, mac Con- 

cobuip, TX> -001105 7 a eg aji-urupa'Dallca.'' ^ilta-lap* 

TTlac-in-Liacanai, eppuc Oit-pinn, qtneuic m [Chpipco]. 

- TTlaet-pemnp "Ouib5enna[i]n, apcnJeocan na 

bpeipne, o "Opuim-clia!5 co Cenannup, quiemc in 

Chpipco. 1 TTIoppluaj; 3 le 1115 Saxan i n-CClbain, 

B eed nefic CCtban uiLe 7gu|i'rfiitL | cuaca75u 

7 egtupa 7gu fonn|ia < 5ac mainifcen. Opcrcaji, co 
ctoc an. aic DI 7 5U|i'ma|iB pp[u] gfiai-b 7 mnct mr5a. 
Ocup Doba-nun. maici pefi n-ep.enn ap in plua pin, i-oon, 
HicapT) a bupc, 1apla ULcro 7 TTlac gefiailc, i-oon, 8e6n 
p[cz] "Coniup. 

A 65b leal. 1an. [p. a 111., L 1111.',] CCnno "Domini TT1. cc. xc. 
in. ob [-uii.] Concobup, mac "Caiclig, mic "Oiapmaca, 
mic c Concobuip(mic d 'Cai'bj' 1 ) TTlic "Oiapmcrca, pi TT1 11151- 
luips 7 CCipcig, iMnpepbpauaip 7 ngepna TTluinnrepi- 
tnaelpuanai uileT^pepTpob' pep 1 cpoi-o 7 cacup, sat 
7 saipceT), innpaiit>" 7 anai>, e T)m e 7 cepmonn, pipmne' 
7 ptaicemnup 1 n-a comaimpip, quieuic m [Chpipix)] (7* 
a a-Dlucui) imTTlainipDip na 5uiUe d ). majnup 
hCCmli, 2 caipec Cemuit-"0obra, 3 quieuic in [Chpipco]. 

A.D. 1292. '-piuaiger), B. 4 -|iecc, B. 8 - 5 aiB, B. "om., A, D; 
given in B, C. *om., B (C). The word having reference to what is not 
given in that text. h-h -Dcnne cnli [11 MS.] -DO majibcro other pertoru were 
killed, B (C). Note the omission of ann in that place, which refers to 
what is not given in B. ' om., B, C, D. > This item is omitted in D. 

A.D. 1293. 1 j?ervTX,B. z -lr6e, B. 8 --oopa (the phonetic form), A. 
b 1297, overhead, n. t. h., B ; alia* 1297, n. t h., C; 1297 on margin, D. 
<~om., B, C, D. d - d iti., n. t. h., MS. (A). placed after plaitemnup, 

3 Mac-in-Liathanaigh. Son of the 
Grey (O'Conor). According to the 
A. L. C., he had been abbot of the 
Trinity, Loch Ce, and was chosen 
bishop on the death of O'Tomaltey, 
1284, supra. On Sept. 10, 1296, 

the king informed Wogan, the Jus- 
ticiary, that Trinotus [Gilla-na- 
Trinoite, Devotee of the Trinity] 
O'Thomelty [probably brother of 
the bishop-elect just mentioned] 
and Denis of Roscommon, canons 


eame day. That same Lochlainn, son of Conchobur, was [1296] 
blinded and he died in the illness of his blinding. Gilla- 
Isa Mac-in-Liathanaigh, 3 bishop of Oil-finn, rested in 
Christ. Mael-Pedair 0'Duibhgenna[i]n, archdeacon of 
Breifni from Druim-Cliabh to Cenannus, rested in Christ. 
A great host [was led] by the king of the Saxons into 
Scotland, so that he got command of all Scotland arid 
destroyed territories and despoiled shire -lands and i ; 
churches and particularly a Monastery of Friars, 4 so that 
he left not a stone of it in place. And he killed many 
ecclesiastics and women. And there were nobles of the 
Men of Ireland on that expedition, namely, Richard de 
Burgh, 5 Earl of Ulster and Fitz Gerald, that is, John 
Fitz Thomas. 

Kalends' of Jan. [on 3rd feria, 4th of the moon], A.D. [1297] 
1293 1 [-7]. Concobur, son of Taichlech, son of Diarmait, son 
of Conchobur (son of Tadhg) Mac Diarmata, king of Magh- 
Luirg and Airtech, elderbrother and lord of all Muinnter- 
Maelruanaigh, the man of best courage and pyowess, valour 
and championship, attack and resistance, protection and 
asylum, truth and governance in his own time, rested in 
Christ (and he was buried in the Monastery of the Buill). 
Maghnus O'hAinli, chief of Cenel-Dobtha, rested in 

of Elphin, prayed for licence to 
elect in place of Brother Gelasius 
t Gilla-Isu], their late bishop (D.I., 
IV. 322). For the sequel, see 
[1297], note 5, infra. The text is 
accordingly four years in advance. 

4 Monastery of Friars. According 
to the A. L. C. they were Domini- 
cans. The house, as the editor 
suggests, was probably St. 
Andrew's. The expedition took 
place in 1296. 

The entry is thus unsatisfactorily 
summarized in D : Hoc anno Rex 
Angliae cum potenti armatura 

invasit Scotiam eamque fundi- 
tus devastando ecclesiasque et 
monasteria comburendo et subu- 

6 De Buryh, tie. Amongst the 
expenses in the account of the Irish 
treasurer for 1295-6 is an item of 
5,014 13s. 4d., to pay wages to 
Richard, Earl of Ulster, John Fitz 
Thomas, Theobald de Boteler and 
others, leaving for the king's ser- 
vice in Scotland, at Pentecost, a. r. 
24 |" 1296] (D. 7.,IV. 346). 

[1297] '/*? = 1297 of the 
A. L. C. 


ocmiccKx uUroTi. 

henpi TTlag Oipectait, eppuc Connipe, manac liar 
quieuicin [Chpipco] (7* a crfelucu'b i TT)ainif > np"Opocavb- 
aca a ). Uilliam "Oubccn, efpuc Cluanaf-inac-Woif],' 
DO mapba'B T>'epcup 4 ap coicim -DO T/a eoc pein. TTlop- 
rluaie-5 c le herjubap-o, le 1115 Saxan, ipn ppain^c 50 
moipmenninac 7 caimc $an rpen, $an rpeipi eipci. 
TYIael-[8h]eclainn TTIac bpiain, ab na buille, T>O rogal/o] 
cum eppocoi-oe OiL-pinn 7 TTIafiian "OonT>obui|i, 
bfiaraip Pfieciup, -DO o5a[-o] peime 7 a -out T>o'n Hoim i 
n-imcopium na heppocoiT>e cecna 7 aegWn cupuf fin. c 
Cu-Ulcrb hGCnluam, pi Oippcep 7 a oep.bpacaifi 7 
CCenguf TTlhas TTlargamna 7 mopan -DO maiciB a 
Tiiuinncepi -DO mapba-5 la ^ a ^ U1 ^ *Ouin-*Oel5an, 05 
'o'acisiCo'n 1apla. *0ept5[{?]op5aill, c inj;enb[tl]i 
6pa[-Ui ptoiiro], quieuic in [Chpipix)]. 

B ; om., C, D. 4 -cap, B. * om., B, C, D. * pejica (Clonfert) is given 
in B, but it was deleted ; Clonmacnois, C ; Obtain mac noys, on margin, D. 

2 Connor. In Antrim. Achonry, 
B, 0, D. The true reading is 
Deny. Henry, a Cistercian, was 
chosen bishop of the latter see by 
the primate in 1294 (Z>. /., IV. 156 ; 
c/. t'A. 195-7). He died early in 
1297 (16. 371) and was succeeded 
by Geoffrey Mac Longhlin (ib. 405). 
The contemporary bishop of Connor 
was John, elected at the close of 
1292, or the beginning of 1293 (ib. 

3 Cluain-mai-Noit. Forgetting 
that Clonmacnoise was par excel- 
lence the Cluuin, the F. M. read 
Clonfert, an error adopted by 
O'Donovan (iii. 469) and the editor 
of the A. L. C. (i. 519). The 
Franciscan, William 0' Duffy, was 
elected bishop of Clonmacnoise in 
1290 (D. /., III. 726-35) and died 
before Aug. 5, 1297 (ib. IV. 429). 

The bishop of Clonfert at the 
time was Robert, a Benedictine of 
Christ Church, Canterbury, ap- 
pointed by Boniface VIII. (Jan. 2, 
1279: Theiner, p. 158), in succession 
to John of Alatri (collector of the 
papal tenth in Ireland) promoted 
to the archbishopric of Benevento. 

4 Hotting. The war in Flanders 
is intended. Edward crossed over 
in Ang. 1296 and returned in March 
1297. (D. /., IV. p. xvi) 

6 Went. According to the F. M. 
both went (a n-'ool ajxaon) and 
Melaghlin died on the journey. In 
support hereof, the editor (iii. 468) 
quotes the A-text, with a n-7>ul 
(they went) for a -out (he went) ! 

But the A. L. C., a reliable 
authority in the present instance, 
agree with the Annul* of Ulster. 
Furthermore, amongst the charges 



Christ. Henry Mag Oirechtaigh, bishop of Conniri 
[Connor], 2 a Grey [Cistercian] monk, rested in Christ (and 
he was buried in the Monastery of [Mellif ont at] Drochaid- 
atha). William O'Dubthaigh, bishop of Cluain[-mac- 
Nois], 3 was killed by concussion, on falling from, his own 
horse. A great hosting 4 [was made] very courageously by 
Edward, [namely] by the king of the Saxons, into France 
and he came without conquest, without sway, therefrom. 
Mael-Sechlainn Mac Briain, abbot of the Buill, was elected 
to the bishopric of Oil-finn and Marian O'Dondobuir, a 
Friar Preacher, was elected before him and went 5 to Rome 
to maintain 6 [his election to] the same bishopric and died 
on that journey. Cu-Ulad O'Anluain, king of the 
Oirrthir and his brother and Aenghus Mag Matbgamna 
and many of the chiefs of his people were killed by the 
Foreigners of Dun-delgan, in returning to their houses 
from the Earl. 7 Derbhfhorgaill, daughter of Ua Floinn 
of Es[-TJi Floinn], rested in Christ. 


made against "William Birming- 
ham, archbishop of Tuam, by the 
dean of Annaghdown in person at 
the Curia, which Boniface VIII. 
(July 20, 1303; appointed judges to 
investigate, the following appears : 
Curnque quondam Frater Marianus, 
tune Electus Elfinensis, ab eodem 
archiepiscopo, pro eo quod elec- 
tiouem de ipso ad episcopatum 
Elfinensem de eadem provincia 
canonice celebratam renuerat con- 
finnare, ad Sedem [Apostolicam] 
appellasset predictam ac eiusdem 
electionia confirmationem a Sede 
obtinuisset eadem : prefatus archi- 
episcopus, horum nequaquam igna- 
rus, in eiusdem Sedis contemptum, 
Malachiam, tune abbatem Monas- 
terii de Buellio Elfinensis diocesis, 
qui nunc pro episcopo Elfinensi se 
gerit, reeeptS. propter hoc ab eo 

quadam pecunie summa, in episco- 
puui Elfinensem non absque simo- 
niaca labe preficere, quin potius 
intrudere, non expavit. Sicque, 
eodem electo, antequam ad eccle- 
siam ipsam Elfinensem accederet, 
nature debitumpersolvente,predic- 
tus Malachias occupavit eandem et 
adhuc detinet occupatam. (Theiner, 
pp. 171-2.) 

It is somewhat noteworthy to 
find the (apparently studied) 
meagreness of the local chronicles 
thus supplemented from a foreign 

6 Maintain. That is, to defend 
the validity of his election before 
the Curia : a course usual, either 
personally or by procuration, with 
bishops-elect at that time. 

7 Returning from the Earl. They 
had probably accompanied him on 


COlNCClCC lllCCDtl. 

\CoL 1an. [p." 1111., t. x.u.'], CCnno T)omim ax:. 
i. ob [-uiii.] Tx>map PI[CZ] TYluipip, bapun m6p t>o 
epailc, [p]pipi n-abaiprea in r-ei|;pi cam, 
tfinnnr m [Cbpipco]. Txrniap bOipeccais, ab 6apa- 
fiuai-B, qmeuic m [Cbpipco]. SatiB, mgen CCe-oa bui-be 
hUi Neill, ben "Cai-og, mic c CCnpiap c hlli Concobuip, 
quieuic" in [Cbnifco d ]. bnian bpeac 2 TTld^ Sbamjia- 
5am, raifec Thetlai^-ecrcac, T>O mapbcrB la bCCe'D m- 
bfieipnec blla 2 Concobuifi 7 ta Clainn-TTluipce|irai 
aificena. "Oonnca-b, mac "Domnaill bUi Oa^fia, m c- 
aen mac fi if peyiyi eineac 7 nob' pefifi T)obi a copnum 
a rine, i>o^ la bpian Cappac n-6pa, T>'a 
bparaip. pem,i meCaiL 

(6pcobon> e Cbluana[-mac-Moip] T>O ^abail -o'tlilliam 
blla N-[p]innan, ^'abbai-b 

]Cal. 1an.[p. u.,l.xx.ui. a ], CCnno T)ominiTTl. e cc. xc. u. ob 
[-ix.] CClaxanT>aip ITlac "Oomnaill, m t>uine 1 pob' pepp 

A 65c einec 7 maic[i]up -oobi 1 2 n-Opinn 7 1 n-lCClbain, a 
mapba-5 le bdlaxan-oaip TTiac "Oub^aill maille pe bap 

B 67a oiaipmi'be 3 "o'a mumncep | pein uime. c epal bUa* 
pipgil, eppuc Raca-bor, m c-aen eppuc 5 ai ^ e ^ a c pob' 
pepp einec 7 T>epc 7 -oaenacV 7 cpaba^ 7>obi i n-6pinn, 
quieuic m [Cbpipco]. Cac T>O cabaipc -DO pig 
7 T>O pig pepmenia (im f?eil TDuipe moip m 

A.D. 1294. 1 brvecroac, A. 2 O, B. b 1298, overhead, n. t.h., B; alicu 
1298, n. t. h., ; 1298, on margin, D. om., B, C, D. ^ mqxcua epc, 
B, C, D. n. t h,, A ; om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1295. Mii, A. 2 a, A. ^me, A. *0, A. > 1299, overhead, 
n. t. h., B ; alia* 1299, n. t. h., C ; 1299, on margin, D. c - c om. f B, C, 
D. ** itL, n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 

the expedition into Scotland the 
previous year. 

[1298] 1 1294. = 1298 of the 
A. L. C. 

3 Fliz Maurice. Justiciary of 

Ireland, March October, 1295 
(i>. /., IV. 202-67). Died on the 
Wednesday after Trinity Sunday 
[June 4], a. r. [Edwardi] 26 [1293] 
(16. 551). 


Kalends of Jan. [on 4th feria, 15th of the moon], A.D. [1298] 
1294 1 [-8]. Thomas Fitz Maurice, 2 a great baron of the 
Clann-Gerald, who was called The crooked Heir, 3 
rested in Christ. Thomas O'hOirechtaigh, abbot of Eas- 
ruadh, rested in Christ. Sadhbh, daughter of Aedh Ua 
Neill the Tawny, wife of Tadhg, son of Andrew Ua Con- 
cobuir, rested in Christ. Brian Mag Shamradhain the 
Bregian, chief of Tellach-Eathach, was killed by Aed Ua 
Concobuir the Brefnian and by the Clann-Muircertaigh 
besides. Donnchadh, son of Domnall Ua Eaghra, the one 
son of a king that was best in generosity and that was best 
in defence of his country, was killed by Brian Carrach 
O'Eghra, [that is] by his own kinsman, in treachery. 

(The bishopric of Cluain[-mac-Nois] was taken by Q294) 
William Ua JNmnan, 1 namely, by the abbot of Cell-began.) 

Kalends of Jan. [on 5th feria, 26th of the moon], A.D. 
1295 1 [-9]. Alexander Mac Domnaill, the person who was 
the best for hospitality and excellence that waS in Ireland 
and in Scotland, was killed, together with a countless 
number of his own people that were slaughtered around 
him, by Alexander Mac Dubghaill. Ferghal Ua Firghil, 
bishop of Eath-both, the one Gaidhelic bishop who was the 
best for hospitality and charity and humanity and piety that 
was in Ireland, rested in Christ. Battle 2 was given by the 
king of Tartary and by the kingof Armenia (about the great 

8 The Crooked Heir." That was 
called the crooked heire," C ; quique 
dicebatur haeres obliquus, D. 

(1294) 1 Ua-Ninnan. Bightly, 
Ua n-Finnain. The /, when 
eclipsed by n, was silent and conse- 
quently omitted by the copyist. 
The entry is correctly given under 

1298 in the A. L. C. O'Finnen 
succeeded O'Duffy, [1297], note 3, 
supra. He died (probably in Aug. ) 
1302 (D. 7..V. 121). 

[1299] *f 293 = 1299 of the 
A. L. C. 

2 Battle. Oi Damascus, Aug. 15, 




maille p6 ptiapaDUp -DO comtosbail/ 1 -DO Sho[l}oan na 
baiBitoine 7 -DO na 8appaipT)in?B apcena ([CCp] a 7>iaipme 
DO cabaipc ap an 8o[l]T>an a ). 

(TTluipip' blla began, eppcop Cbille-7>a-lua, quietus.') 

]CaL 1an. [p.'ui., L uii.'], CCnno T)omim TH. cc. xc. 
ui. ob [-ccc.] "Gebois 1 buicitlep, bapun mop, uapal, 
mopcuup epc. b6oan c Ppinn-Dpegap -DO mapbao le mac 
Piacpa htli phloinn. CCT>am S-oon-oun, bapun mop 
aite, 2 quieuic d m [Chpipco d j. Caiplen CCca-clia-in- 
Sopainn "DO frnnpse-oal lepin 1apla. Seoinin 65 TTlac 
TTluipip T>o mapba^ (ta e Concubup, mac Pacpa hilt 
phlomn 6 )." "pei^limi-D TDas Cappraig, a-obup pi| "Oep- 
tnuman, quieuic m [Chpiptx)]. CongalachUaLoclainn, 
eppuc Copcumpua-5, pai n-eim^ 7 cpaba[i]-D, quietus in 
fChpipto]. ^T 1111 coiccenn T>ocecc o Roim i 3 n-aimpep 
bonapaip papa pa'n Cpi^ai'oecc 4 uile f 7 gaca cesma^ 
bliaf>ain cic 5 m gaipm pin 7bliOTain Hara a bainm pin. 
Ocup pluai TnaipmiTe a huibI5 cipiB na CpipDai -Sacra 6 
T>O ^ul pa'n gaipm pm -o'a n-oilicpi co Roim 7 logffD a 
peca-o uile' T)'pa|Cait T>oiB. 

AJ). 1295. ccile (11. , MS.) other, added, B. n.t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 

A.D. 1296. i 'Ceabovo, B. 2 ii., A, B. 3 a, A. 4 -oai5acc, A. B cis, 
-igacca, A. b 1300, overhead, n. t. h.,B; rectiu* 1300, n. t. h., C ; 
reetitu anno 1300, on margin, D. - om., B, C, D. d -^ moyicutip epc, B, 
D ; mojxictip., C. e< c. m., n. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. * om., B, C ; given 


[D ends with this year.] 

(1295) 1 O'Hogan. Formerly 
precentor of Killaloe. Elected 
bishop Nov. 12, 1281 (D. /., II. 
1286) ; died Oct. 1298 (ii. IV. 656). 
The obit is incorrectly given in the 
A. L. C. under 1299. 

[1300] I f2?6=n0(} of the 
A. L. C. 

9 Butler; Stanton They were 

amongst those whom Edward ad- 
dressed, May 4, 1297, for aid 

towards the Gascon war (D. /., 
IV. 396). 

3 Ua Lnchlainn. Formerly dean 
of Kilfenora. Elected bishop about 
Aug. 1281 (D. I., II. 1843-56); 
died Dec. 1298 (tf. IV. 677). 
(Charles is the alias of Congalach, 
lace, citt.) 

4 Jnritation. The Bull of Boni- 
face VIII., Feb. 2, 1300, instituting 
the Jubilee every hundredth year 



feast of Mary of the Harvest [Aug. 15]), along with what 
assistance they could find, to the Sultan of Bahylon and to 
the Saracens besides (Slaughter innumerable was inflicted 
on the Sultan). 

(Maurice O'Hogan, 1 bishop of Cell-da-lua, rested.) 

Kalends of Jan. [on 6th i'eria, 7th of the moon], A.D. [l300Bis.] 
1296 1 [1300]. Theobald Butler, 2 a great, noble baron, 
died. John Prendergast was killed by the son of Fiachra 
Ua Floinn. Adam Stanton, 2 another great baron, rested 
in Christ. The castle of the Hurdle-ford of the Weir was 
begun by the Earl. Johnikin Fitz Maurice junior was 
killed (by Conchubur, son of Fiachra Ua Floinn). 
Feidhlimidh Mag Carrthaigh, future king of Desmond, 
rested in Christ. Congalach Ua Lochlainn, 3 bishop of 
Corcumruadh [Kilfenora], eminent in hospitality and piety, 
rested in Christ. A general invitation 4 came from Rome 
in the time of Pope Boniface [VIIL] throughout all 
Christendom and every hundredth year 5 * comes that 
invitation and, the Year of Grace 6 is its name. And a 
countless host 7 from all countries of Christendom went on 
that invitation on their pilgrimage to Rome and remission 
of all their sins was obtained by them. 

This Jubilee has been immortalized 
in the Divina Commedia (Inf., c. 
18, v. 28 ; Par., c. 2, v. 28 sq.). 

8 Hundredth year. This goes to 
prove that the present entry is 
contemporaneous. Urban VI. (Ap. 
11, 1389) fixed the Jubilee term at 
33 years; Paul II. (Ap. 19, 1470) 
at 25. 

6 Year of Grace. "And that year 
is called the year of Happiness " 
(with Jubik placed above the last 
word), C ; annum que ipsum annum 
prosperitatia nuncupabant, D. 

7 Countless host. "Innumerable 
troopes and sortes went and got an 
absolution of their sinns," C 
200,000 is the estimated number. 

At the end of this year D con- 
cludes with the following Note : 
Ab hoc anno usque ad annum 
Domini 1420 nihil reperitur in hoc 
libro, quia pars libri aliquo f ortuito 
casu ex ipso libro ablata fuit. 
Ergo nunc historia cessare oportet 
quousque ilia pars ablata vel ex 
aliquo alio consimili libro contenta 
reperiri poterit. 




(TTIuipceapT:ac, g mac 1muip liUi bhipnn, -o'hec an, 
na hoilicpi cecna p in. g ) 

]Cat 1an. [p* i., L x.uui.*], CCnno "Domini 171." cc.xc. 
un. b [-ccc. 1.] pinn^uala, mgen pheiftlimce hlli Con- 
cobtnp, banab Cille-Cpaeu'naT>a, 1 quietus m [ChfWfCo]. 
llitliam trios [ph]lanncaT>a, 2 caipec "Dapspaise, TK> 
mapbaT) la hUal[5]ap5, mac "Domnaill, mic CCipc hlli 
Huaipc. Caipppi, mac Copmaic nth TYlail-[8h]eclainn, 
DO mapba'5 cpe popsall 3 a bparap 4 pein, iDon, 5 mac 
CCipc hUi TTlail-[8h]eclainn. Cpeac c mop "DO oenum 
o'CCe'D, mac Cacail hUi Concobuip 7 *oo Clamn-TTIuip- 
cepraig ap "Cartg, mac CCnnpiap, a TTluis-cecne. -- 
8luai56T 6 la pi% 8axan 1 7 n-CClbain 7 TTlac 5 e r- ai ^ 7 
TDac pheopaip 7 maiih bhapun 8 Gpenn uile, a n-mpiaip 
1apla tllaT, leip ap m pltiai^eT) pin 7 bei 7>oiB a n- 
CClbam o caeicitnp pe Lu^nupa'o co 9 8amuin 7 gan | a 
DO " 

]CaL 1an. [-p." 11., 1. xnx.*], CCnno "Domini TTI. cc. xc. 
uin. ob [-ccc. 11.] "Domnall pua^ TTlas Cappcaig, pi 

A.D. 1296. Kn. t. h., A ; om., B, C, D. 

A. D. 1297. ^natt, B. 2 pom., A. 3 pep.jat (apparently a personal 
name), with almf , pofxgail or, order, itl., n. t. h., A. 4 byxacaip. (ac., 
to agree with pejxjaV), A. B om., A. These three variants seem to prove 
that the scribe of A took the meaning to be that Cairpri was slain by 
Fergal, his kinsman, son of Art. The translator of C committed a similar 
error in rendering the B text : " killed by Forgall, his owne brother." 
But tyicrcayi, the word which he had before him, is gen., not ac. More- 
over, the name of the slayer (which is passed over in C) shews that he was 
not " owne brother " of his victim. The compiler of B understood the 
sense. "-7, A. 7 a, A. 8 -nar>, A. 9 511, B. b 1301, overhead, n. t. h., B; 
alias 1301, n. t. h., 0. ^om., B. C. 

A.D. 1298. b 1302, overhead, n.t.h., B; alias 1302, n. t. h., C. 

[1301] 1 12QT = 1301 of the 
A. L. C. 

2 Finnghuala. Literally, fair- 
tfioulder anglicized Finola. 

8 Cairpri. Called Cormac in the 
A. L. C. 

4 Chiefs of the barons. See the 
list of those (amongst whom are 



(Muircertach, son of Imhur Ua Birn, died on the way (1296) 
of that same pilgrimage.) 

Kalends of Jan. [on 1st feria, 18th of the moon], A.D. [1301] 
1297 1 [1301]. Finnghuala, 2 daughter of Feidhlimidh Ua 
Conchobuir, abbess of Cell-Craebhnada, rested in Christ. 
William Mag [F]lannchadha, chief of Dartraighi, was 
killed by Ual[gh]arg, son of Domnall, son of Art Ua 
Ruairc. Cairpri, 3 son of Cormac Ua Mail-[S]echlainn, 
was killed by direction of his own kinsman, namely, the 
son of Art Ua Mail-[S]echlainn. A great foray was made 
by Aedh, son of Cathal Ua Conchobuir and by the Clann- 
Muircertaigh on Tadhg, son of Andrew [Ua Conchobair], 
in Magh-Cetne. A hosting [was made] by [Edward] the 
king of the Saxons into Scotland and [John Fitz Thomas] 
Fitz Grerald and Mac Feorais [Birmingham] and the chiefs 
of the barons 4 of all Ireland, except 5 the Earl of Ulster, 
[were] with him on that hosting. And they were in 
Scotland from a fortnight before Lammas! [Aug. 1] to 
November Day. 7 But full sway was not obtained by them 
in the East. 8 

Kalends of Jan. [on 2nd feria, 29th of the moon], A.D. [1302] 
1298 1 [1302]. Domnall MagCarrthaighthe Red.kingof Des- 

the two here mentioned) addressed 
for aid by the king, D. /., IV. 

5 Except, etc. See ib. 849. 

6 Lammas. Literally, Lugh-com- 
memoration : i.e. funeral games (cf. 
O'Curry : Manners, etc. , Introd. 
cccxxv., sq.) annually held by the 
Tuatha-de-Danann king, Lugh, in 
memory of his -wives Nas (unde 
Naas, co. Kildare) and Bai (unde 
Cnoc-Bai, Cnogba, Knowth, Meath). 

The celebration took place at Tell- 
town, Meath, on thefirat of August. 
(L. Be. p. 362 a, 1. 35 sq. ; L.L. p. 
200 b, 11. 33-4.) 

7 November Day. Literally, 
Summer-ending (Book of Eights, p- 

8 East. Namely, Scotland ; so 
called from the situation in refer- 
ence to Ireland. 

[1302] 1 1298 =1302 of the 
A. L. C. 


B67b "Oep-TTluman, quieuic m [Chfiifco]. |Tnilep, 

Lmmni, mac mic eifem Wn 1anla Lainec, quieuic d in 
[Chnipco]. 6fpuc Copcai^e, manac liac, qmeuic in 
]. Ruai-on.1,' mac "Oomnaill bUi heasjia, af>bun. 
quieuic m [Chn.ipco]. e bo-oic m6fi in 
blia-5ain pn l an. cecjia." mop 7>o T>enum T>'CCe-5, 
mac Cacail, an. 'Carts, mac CCnnniap 7 afi Shicfiius, mac 
in Caiyini| fHeg Laclainn, [1 TTla5-]Cecne. e "Oonn 
TTlag Hi-Ben., |ii "peia-TYlanac, ITKMI/ cecna pi pefi-TTlanac 
oo macaiB TTles Ui-oifi,' quieuic m [Chfiifco]. fnaigifren. 
S-oiamna bpa^ain, aijroerpuc Caipl, quieuic m 

leal. 1an. [p.* in., L. x. a ], CCnno *0omiin m. cc. xc. 
ix. ob [Tn. ccc. 111.] Micot TTlac-TTlail-1fU, 
CC|n)a-nriaca, m c-aen cleipec 1 if 7)1050 7 
TK)bi 1 n-G^mn 1 n-a aimpen. pem, e quieuic in [Chnipco]- 
TTlael-Sheclainn TTlac bfiiam, eppuc Oil-pnn, quieuic 
in [Chfiif^o]- "Donnca-D hlla 3 "ptanna5a[i]n, abb na 
buille, -DO at5ail na hefpocoiT)e cecna T>'a eifi. "Oiafi- 
maic hlla 4 "planna^afiln, caifec ^016^0^070-50 mac 
7 mofian aile 5 T>O mayibar* T>O T>fioin5 T>O luce cie "Oom- 
naill, mic "Cai-o^ htli Concobuip., 1 m-bun-T>uiBe, a 
copai-becc cyieice puc fe leif a Tnui^-Cecne. "GoififrDel- 

A.D. 1298. <= Marescal \=MarthaU], r. m., n. t. h., B. <" om., B ; 
"dead," C. -om., B, C. " om., A ; placed after Christo in B ; given 
in C. 

A.D. 1299. i-iwuc, A. - e , A. 3 O, B. 0, A. 6 ii., B ; eile, A. 
6 a, B. b 1303, overhead, n. t. h., B ; aliat 1303. n. t. h., C. 

3 Miles. The Christian name was 
Gerald. Formerly archdeacon of 
Limerick ; elected bishop in 1272 
or 3 (D. /., II. 943) ; died appa- 
rently in 1302 (ib., V. 59). (No- 
779, ib. IV., giving the death in 
1301, appears out of place.) 

3 Grandson, etc. This is confirmed 
by the surname, le Marshall (D. L, 

II. 945). The grandfather was 
probably William Marshall the 
younger, Earl of Pembroke, who 
died, without legitimate issue, in 
1231 (D. /., 1. 1872). 

4 Bishop of Cor*. Robert (called 
Mac Donnchadha in the A. L. C.), a 
Cistercian, was elected in 1277 (D.I., 
II. 1346) and died in 1302 (t*. V. 



mond, rested in Christ. Miles, 2 bishop of Limerick that 
person was grandson 3 to the Leinster Earl rested in Christ. 
The bishop of Cork, 4 a Grey [Cistercian] monk, rested 
in Christ. Ruaidhri, sonof DomnallUaEaghra,future king 
of Luighni, rested in Christ. Great murrain that year on 
cattle. A great foray was made by Aedh, son of Cathal 
[Ua Conchobair], on Tadhg, son of Cathal [Ua Conchobair] 
and on Sitrec, son of the Cairnech Mag Lachlainn, [in 
Magh-]Cetne. Bonn Mag Uidhir, king of Fir-Manach, 
namely, the first king of Fir-manach of the sons of 
Mag Uidhir, rested in Christ. Master Stephen 5 O'Bragain, 
archbishop of Cashel, rested in Christ. 


Kalends of Jan. [on 3rd feria, 10th of the moon,] A.D. 
1299 1 [1303]. Nicholas 2 Mac-Mail-Isu, archbishop of 
Ard-Macha, the one cleric the most godly and pious that 
was in Ireland in his own time, rested in Christ. Mael- 
Sechlainn 3 Mac Briain, bishop of Oil-finu, rested in Christ. 
Donnchadh 4 Ua Flannaga[i]n, abbot of the Btfill, assumed 
the same bishopric after him. Diarmait Ua Flannaga[i]n> 
chief of Tuath-Ratha, and his two sons and many others 
were killed by a party of the house-folk of Domnall, son 
of Tadhg Ua Concobuir, in Bun-duibhe, in driving away 
a prey he took with him from Magh-Cetne. Toirdhelbach 


64). (No. 782, ib. IV., assigning 
the obit to 1301 seems misplaced). 

8 Stephen. See 1263, note 1, 
supra. Died July 25, 1302, (D. /., 
V. 93) and was succeeded jy 
Maurice, the archdeacon, whose 
election was confirmed by Benedict 
XI., Nov. 17, 1303 (Theiner, p. 173). 

[1303] l i2Q9 = 1303 of the 
A. L. C. 

2 Nicholas. See [1270], note 4, 
supra. Died in the first half of 

1303 (D. /., V. 235). His successor, 
John, was appointed by Clement 
V., Aug. 27, 1305 (Theiner, p. 174). 
The causes of the delay are set 
forth in the Boll. 

3 Mael - Sechlamn.See [ 1 297], 
note 6, supra. Died before March 
8, 1303 (D. /., V. 179). 

4 Donnchadh Donatus is the 
Latin alias in the royal assent to 
his election, June 28, 1303, (id. 

400 CCNMCClCC UlCCT)tl. 

bac hUa "Oomnaill, n.i Tijie-Conaill 7 TTluin.cen.cac 
phlanncaW 7 "Oonn Ccrca[i]n 7 "Oonnca-5 VHac 
TTlenman 7 deft 1T)ac1T1enman,[T>a]mac[mic]inT>f.inlei- 
inn hUi "Oomnaill 7f1iall,mac11eilll)tli bui$ill7TYlac 
7 a mac 7 a -oenbyiacain. 7 CC7>am 8an-oal, 
7 5 aei 'o i l' mroa aili 5 ofin amac -DO majiba-b 11 la 
hUa n**Oomnaill, le [a] T>e]ibfurcain. (f.ein,* it>on, 
taifec TTluincen.i-'peolJDacain]*). "Niall TTlac 5 1 ^ a " 
"Phmnen quieuic in [CHjttVCo]. Cfiec f mofi *DO T>enum la 
Clainn-rntnn.cen.tai 5 a fnuinnce|\-Cinaeica 7 TTluin.- 
cepcac TDac Con[8h]nama, a-obuyi taip 
Cinaeta, T)0 mafiba-o T>oit5 an. m cneic fin.' Sluag* 
le 1115 Saxan 1 8 n-CClbain 7 cacjiaca imf>a T>O 
A 66a | T>oi15 7 m c-lapla 7 ^oill 7 S 061 ^ 1 ^ ^ u ^ a hen.inri, 
cablac mop 7 nefic T>O gaBail afi CClbancaiB T>oi15. 
'CeboiD abuiac,T)en.bfiarai|i m, -o'eg ap, coi^ecc 7)6 
DO'II c-fluaeT> fin 1 Capfcai5-pe]iufa, afaiMoT:la[i]c. 10 
"Oomnall 65 (aliaf, h |iua-5 h ) TTla^ Cafin,ai, pi "Oef- 
TTluman, quieuic m [Chpifco]. Tna^ntif TTIaj; 8hart>- 

aac, mon.uiuf efc. 
, 015111 Clomne-en.ailc, moficuuf 

]cal. 1an. [p a 1111., I. axc.i., a ] CCnno 'Oomini TTl. ccc. ob 
[-1111.] 1n Cunncaif, ben 1 HicaifiT) a Oufc, 1anla Ula^, 
moyicua efc. Uaicen. 2 a bufic, oi|fci in 1anla cecna, 3 
rnofcruuf efc. Concobun., mac CCe-ba hUi Concobaip , TX> 
mafvbcro la hoibenc hUa plaicbencaig iap c n-T)enum 
mebla T)6fon an. "Dhonncaf* hUa plaicbeficai^ 7 in c- 
Oibefx hifin T>O cuinm a\i m lacaiia cecna." 

7 phom., A. ("Da and riiic in 1. 3 are from the'^1. L. C.) 8 a, A. 9 an, 
B. 10 M(yo lag, B. 1 pthis, B. c om.,B, C. opn, added 
by a scribal error, A. itl., n. t. h. (The letters within square brackets 
are worn away.), A ; om., B, C. '' om., B, 0. B Opposite this entry, r. m., 
n. t. h., B, is : u|\ub' inme fin af coftnoit gujx' b'e Txifiom-oe [Te]bocra 
to that for that reason it is likely that this wot (the castle'} Tibbot built. 
h h c. m., n. t. h., A ; om. ; B, C. n. t. h., A ; om., B, C. 

A.D. 1300. 'bean, A. 2 baicen,,A. 3 ce-ona,B. b 1304, overhead 
n. t. h., B ; alias 1304, n. t. h., C. c - om., B, C. 



Ua Domnaill, king of Tir-Conaill and Muircertach Mag [1303] 
Flannchadha and Donn 0'Catha[i]n and Donnchadh Mac 
Menman and Aedh Mac Menman, [i.e. two grand-].*on[s] of 
the Lector Ua Domnaill and Niall, son of Niall Ua Buighill 
and Mac Ughosai and his son and his brother and Adam 
Sandal [and] many other Foreigners and Graidhil in addition 
were killed by Aedh Ua Domnaill, [namely] by his (own) 
brother (that is, the chief of Muinnter-Feodachain). 
Niall Mac GKlla-Fhinnen rested in Christ. A great foray 
was made by the Clann-Muircertaigh into Muinnter- 
Cinaetha and Muircertach Mac Con[Sh]nama, future chief 
of Muinnter-Cinaetha, was killed by them on that foray. A 
great hosting 5 [was made] by the king of the Saxons into 
Scotland and many cities were taken by them. And the Earl 
[Richard de Burgh] and Foreigners and Gaidhil went 
with a large fleet and they got sway over the Men of 
Scotland. Theobald de Burgh, brother of the Earl, died 
on his return from that hosting, in Carraic-Ferghusa, on 
the night of the Nativity. Domnall Mag Carrthaigh, 
Junior (otherwise the Red), king of Desmond, rested in 
Christ. Maghnus Mag Shamhradha[i]n, chief of Tellach- 
Eathach, died. 

(Grerald [son of John] 1 Fitz Thomas, heir of the Clann- (1299) 
Geralt [of Offaly], died.) 

Kalends of Jan. [on 4th feria, 21st of the moon], A.D. [1304 Bis.] 
lSOO^-4]. The Countess, 2 wife of Richard de Burgh, 
Earl of Ulster, died. Walter de Burgh, heir of the 
same Earl, died. Concobur, son of Aedh Ua Conco- 
bair, was killed by Hubert Ua Flaithbertaigh, after [Aedh] 
had practised deceit on Donnchadh Ua Flaithbertaigh and 
the same Hubert fell on the same spot. 

5 A greathosttng,'etc. The invasion 

of Scotland by Edward I. in 1303. 

(1299) I [_Son of John]. These 

words are supplied from Clyn's 

Annals, A.D. 1303. 

[1304] 1 1300 = 1304 of the 
A. L. G. 

2 The Countess. Margaret, cousin 
of Eleanor, queen-consort of Ed- 
ward I. (Z>. J., II. 2102). 



leal. 1an. [p.* tn., t. n.*] CCnno "Domini m. ccc. i. b 
[-u.] TTluificenrae liUa Concobtnji phailji 7 TTlael- 
mojv5a, a bjicrcaifi 7 in Calbac hUa ConcoBain, maille 
Ffii nonbun. an, pcic 1 T>O maicif) a muinnceni, -DO mayibcro 
-DO Shan 2 pianup 3 TTlac peonaip qie eatt 7 cpe meo'ail 
1 caiflen pheonxnp. Caiflen 1nnfi-h 60501 n -DO T>enanY 
lepn lanta. 171 aca 65 Rai5illai -DO manba-5 -DO 
'Chetlac-n'Ounca'ba. (left 65 hUa pefi|ait [moficuup 
efc]. THai-om la hCCe-5, mac Cacail htli Concobui|i 7le 
Clamn-1Tluin.cent;ai5 ap.cena afi TTluinnce|i-Ra5aillai^, 
co n--oonain. 4 an-o pitiphUa 5 Rai5iltai^70i|ni Clainni- 
SuiBne 7 TTlag buiyince, cenn na n-^alLo^lac, maille 
pjii cec 6 ap ceconccrc 6 DO -oainib ailib. 7 'Goin|v5elbac, 
mac Neill puai-5 hUi bniain, quieuic in [Cb^ifTX)]. 

(No, d guma-D afi an ]Calamn ^-o bui> coifi "Oonn 

A.D. 1301. 1 .xx., A; .xx.ic, B. 2 pi|xa,A. 3 p^p.up A. 4 n-T>jvocaix, 
B. 0, A. .c. art -xtac, A, B. 7 .11., B ; aile, A. " 1305, overhead, 
n. t. h., B ; alias 1305, n. t. h., C. c om., A. Opposite this entry, 1. m., 
n. t. h., B, is : caiplen nuar) Inp-h&ogain peyi CCnglop the new castle of 
Inis-Eogain (was built) by the English. dKj c. m., opposite the date, n. t. h., 
A ; om., B, C. 

[1305] */jo/=1305 of the 
A. L. C. 

2 Castle. Castle-Carbury, co. 
Kildare (O'D., F. M. iii. 480). 
The assassination is thus described 
in the Irish Remonstrance (1277, 
note 2, supra] : 

Anglici enim, nostram inhabi- 
tantes terrain, qui se vocant mediae 
nacionis, sic sunt ab Anglicorum 
de Anglia ceterarumque nacionum 
moribus alieni, quod non mediae, 
sed extrcmae perfidiae nacio pro- 
piissime possunt appcllari. Ab 
antique enim f uit illis haec reproba 
et abusiva consuetude, quae apnd 
illos nondum desinit, eed quotidie 

magis invalescit et roboratur : viz. 
quando invitant ad convivium 
aliquos nobilcs nacionis nostrae, 
inter ipsas epulas, vel dormitionis 
tempore, invitatorum hospitum, 
nil niali suspicancium, sine mise- 
ricord! a effuderunt sanguinem 
suum : detestabile convivium hoc 
modo terminautes. Quo taliter 
facto, interfectorum amputata 
capita eorum inimicie pro pecuniis 

Sicut fecit PetrusBrunychehamc, 
baro, proditor nominatus et nimis 
solemnis, Mauricio de 8[lege: 
[OfjfalyP], compatrino suo et 
Calvacho, fratri suo, viris valde 



Kalends of Jan. [on 6th feria, 2nd of the moon], A.D. 
1301^-S]. Muircertach Ua Concobuir Failghi and Mael- 
mordha, his kinsman and the Calbach Ua Concobhair, along 
with nine and twenty of the nobles of their people, were 
killed by Sir Pierce MacFeorais [Birmingham], through 
treachery and through deceit, in the castle 2 of Mac Feorais. 
The castle 3 of Inis-Eogain was built by [Richard de 
Burgh] the Earl. Matthew Ua Raighillaigh Junior was 
killed by the Tellach-Dunchadha. Aedh Ua Ferghail 
Junior [died]. A defeat [was inflicted] by Aedh, son of 
Cathal Ua Concobuir and by the Clann-Muircertaigh also 
on the Muinnter-Raghaillaigh, so that Philip Ua Raighil- 
laigh and the heir of Clann-Suibhne and Mag Buirrce, 
head of the Gallowglasses, together with one hundred and 
forty other persons, fell there. Toirdhelbach, son of Niall 
Ua Briain the red, rested in Christ. 

(Or it may be on this year 1 [the death of] Donn Mag 
Uidhir should be.) 


ingenuis et valde apud nos nomi- 
natis, invitans ipsos ad convivium 
in festo Sanctissimae Trinitatis 
[Jun. 13], ipso die, refectione com- 
pleta, statim cum surrexerunt de 
mensa, cum viginti quatuor homi- 
nibus de sequela sua, crudeliter 
jugulavit, ipsorum capita care 
vendens eorum inimicis. Et cum 
pro isto scelere regi Angliae [Ed- 
uardo I.], patri scilicet istius regis 
[Ed. II.], accusatus f uisset, nullam 
de tarn nephando proditore fecit 
correcionem (pp. 916-7). 

The truth of the foregoing is 
amply confirmed. On July 2, 1305 
within a month after the 
massacre a writ was directed to 
the Treasurer and Chamberlains of 
Dublin for payment to Peter de 
Bermengeham of 100 granted to 

him by the justiciary *nd council of 
Ireland, with consent of Richard 
de Burgh, Earl of Ulster, and 
Geoffrey de Genville [for whom see 
Grace's Annals, pp. 37, 54], to 
subdue Irish felons of Offaly, of the 
race of O'Conoghers and to deca- 
pitate the chiefs of the same race. 
Peter had already sent to Dublin 
the heads of Morierdagh [Muircer- 
tach] and Malmorthe [Mael- 
mordha] O'Conoghers, chiefs of the 
race aforesaid and also 16 heads of 
others of the same race aad their 
accomplices. Witness, J[ohn] 
Wogan, justiciary of Ireland. 
Dublin. (Z>. /., V. 434.) 
2 The castle. Perhaps Green Castle, 
co. Donegal. (See O'D. iii. 481.) 

(1301) l This year. See the last 
entry but one, [1302], supra. 


ccmiccla: ulcroti. 

]Cat. 1an. [p.,* un., t. x.m. a ], CCnno "Domim HI. ccc. 
n. ob [-ui.] "CoippDelbae hUa bpiam, pi 'CuaD-ITIuman, 
in c-aen T>mne pob' oipes&a 1 7 pob' pepp a& 2 7 ejjnum, 
pep" Ian -DO Depc 7 -DO cpabaD 7 pobo mo pa c Dobi i n- 
A. 66b Opinn i n-a aimpip pem, quieuic in Chpipco.' 1 "Oonnca-ol 
bUa bpiam, a mac, DO PI&OD i n-a inai>. pepgal Tf\a^ 
Ra^nailt, caifec TDuincipe-beolaif, T>O mafiba-D te [a] 
pem" 7 la btoi -o'a oipecc 1* meo'ait. 
mop ecep CCe-5, mac Gogam htli Concobuifi, pi 
Connacc 7 maici 8t-niuipef>ai5 ap aen pip 7 CCe-o, mac 
Cacail hUi Concobuip 7 mopan -DO macaiB caipec Con- 
nact: map aen pe rx>ipecai5 7 oipecrmB na Opeipne ajicena 
oo macaiB pi CCe-oa, mic Carxnl, popbaip ipna "CuacaiC 
map aen pe pocpai-oe, sup'saBpar cpeaca 7 aipn[i]- 
ptann, mac pacpa [11 ]i "phloinn, aDbup caipig 81 1- 
TTlaitpuanai 7 bpian, mac "Oonnca-oa piabai bill Con- 
cobaip, map aen pe -oainifi im-Dafib] aibb 5 DO mapba-5 ap 
lups na cpeice Do'n coip- TDopan D'papDog DO na 
cpeacaiB 7 blo aile 5 DO bpeic ap. 1p iac cpa ba pepp 
Dobi annpm : RuaiDpi, mac Cacail nth Concobuip 7 
"DonncaD, mac Concobuip in copain, mic pepgail, mic 
"OonncaDa, mic TT1 uipcepcai^ TTlic "Diapmaca, axibup 
pig 8il-TTIailpuanai ap a, ap einec, ap enum, connice 
m ta pin. 1p CD painic peime co tongpopc [U]i Chonco- 
buip 7 loipgip paibp pi Connacr, map aen pe cigiB m 
longpoipc. beipip paip CCeD hUa Concobuip 7 benaip 
an cpec DO 7 mapbcap e iapcain. c T)onncaD bUa 6 
eppuc Cilte-alaD, pai n-eim 7 cpabaiD 

AJ). 1302. 'gonx, A. S cr6, B. '-jveccoB, A. a, A. 6 it, MS. (A). 
8 0, A. b 1306, overhead, n. t. h., B ; alias 1306, D. om., B, C. 
d om., A , quieuit, C. 

[1306] 1302 = 1306 of the 
A. L. C. 
3 Cell-aladh. Killala. See[1280], 

note 2, supra. OTlaherty died 
before the end of May, 1306 (D. L, 
V. 627). 


Kalends of Jan. [on 7th feria, 13th of the moon], A.D. [1306] 
1302 1 [-6]. Toirdhelbach Ua Briain, king of Thomond, 
the one person the most distinguished and best in victory 
and prowess, a man full of charity and piety and of most 
prosperity that was in Ireland in his own time, rested in 
Christ. Donnchadh Ua Briain, his son, became king in 
his stead. Ferghal Mag Raghnaill, chief of Muinnter- 
Eolais, was killed by his own brothers and by a part of 
his sept, in treachery. Great war [took place] between 
Aedh, son of Eogan Ua Concobuir, king of Connacht and 
the nobles of Sil-Muiredhaigh with him and Aedh, son of 
Cathal Ua Concobuir and many of the sons of the chiefs of 
Connacht together with the chiefs and septs of Breifni 
also, along the Shannon for the space of three months or 
more, until a party of the sons of kings [on the side] of 
Aedh, son of Cathal, made an encampment in " The Terri- 
tories " with a strong force, so that they took many preys 
and spoils. Flann, son of Fiachra Ua Floinn, future chief 
of Sil-Mailruanaigh and Brian, son of Donmchadh Uu 
Conchobair the Swarthy, along with many other persons, 
were killed in the rere of that prey by the pursuing party. 
Much of the preys was held fast and another part was 
wrested. These indeed are the best that were there : 
Ruaidhri, son of Cathal Ua Concobuir and Donnchadh, son 
of Concobur "of the Goblet," son of Fergal, son of Donn- 
chadh, son of Muircertach Mac Diarrnata, one fit to be 
king of Sil-Mailruanaigh for felicity, for generosity, for 
prowess up to that day. This is [what Donnchadh did] : 
he went forward to the stronghold of Ua Conchobuir 
and burned the palace of the kings of Connacht, along 
with the houses of the stronghold. Aedh Ua Concobuir 
overtakes him and wrests the prey from him and he is 
killed after. Donnchadh Ua Flaithbertaigh, bishop of 
Cell-aladh, 2 most eminent of the Gaidhil for liberality and 
piety, died in Dun-buinne, in the end of Spring before 


ccNNoclcc ulcroft. 

na n-Saifcel, TH> 05 1 7 n-"0tm-buinne i 7 n-T>en.eij 8 enjiaic 
B67d fieimefin, 05 T>ul 7>o CCc-cbcrc 7 [a] cronuclal 'fin 9 
TTluilirm-cinfi, 10 1 sail TTltnfxe co honofiac. TYlai&ipren. 
"Cdmaf Natin, aficiT>eocan Roea-boc 7*^050 e^pinc na 
heclu[i]fe cesna, c m ChfUfco quieuit. Roibefic a 
bniuip, rnonrnaefi, "oo gabail 71151 n-CClban* ap. eipn 1 n- 
a^aifc 11 pig Saxan- ^Domnatl "Cuiprfiec O Meitl 7>o 
mafibcro 1 4 cuifil 12 le luce 1:151 nth tleilL 8a|i Uiltiam 
Pfiinn-ofiasaf, fn-oifie 65 ba mo 13 noj- 7 einec 7 la^ fiobi 
1 n-8pinn 1 n-a aimpen. pein, moyiruuf efc Cfiec moyi 
oo -oenum -DO Clainn-TTluin.ceftt;ai5 1 C|iic-Caippfii, -oti 
afi'mafiba-o T)aibi htla Caema[i]n, bpu^ai^ m6|i concnc 
7 "Oonncaf> TTlas bui-6eca[i]n 7 -oaine inroa eile. 
bn.ian cafijiac h-Ga^fia -DO manba-5 bill "planna^afijn. 
/ Cuarala[i]n, bicaip. Citle-erpmc-[b]noin, 
in Chnifco. Nicol hUa 6 "Oonnccroa, facapc 65 
oobi i n-T)fUnm-cliat5, -DO mayibcrD T>o'n 5 e T l P a?1 
na baifie-oacaiB gan cm,san a-obuyi, ace maficna 

Ocuf sac aen seEup paiee|i -DO ftaie a anma, 





aigi ^ac meinci[u] 
juma-D ap, in jCalainn fi but) coin. "Oonn 

A.D. 1302. 7 a,B. e 'j, A. 9< fa, B. 10 -leann-ceaT\TV, B. -cro, A. 
, B. u Tn6p, (the positive), B. 14 - 14 .m. xx.ic, A, B. ' 8 EeBtrp, he 
recites (if), B ; followed by C. e i n-OClbain in Scotland, B. 66a. 
f . m., n. t. h., A ; om., B, C. 

* Bithop-elect. See [1284], note 
3, supra. 

4 Robert Bmce. He married 
Elizabeth, daughter of Richard de 
Burgh, Earl of Ulster, in 1303 
(Grace). As his assumption of the 
Scottish crown took place in 1306, 
there is a prolepsis of four years in 
the textual date. 

5 Took, etc. The translator of C 
misunderstood the construction : 
"taken by king of Scotland per 
force, against the king of England's 

6 Cell-espuip [E]roin. Church of 
Bishop Bron (Bronns, episcopns, 
L. A., 12d) : now Killaspugbrone, 



that, in going to Ath-cliath. And he was buried honour- [1306] 
ably in the Muillen-cerr [Mullingar], in the house of Mary. 
Master Thomas O'Naan, archdeacon of Rath-both and 
bishop-elect 3 of the same church, rested in Christ. Robert 
Bruce, 4 Great Steward, took 5 the kingship of Scotland by 
force against the king of the Saxons. Doornail O'Neill 
of Tuirtre was killed by accident by the household of Ua 
Neill. Sir William Prendergast, a young knight of the 
best repute and liberality and disposition that was in 
Ireland in his own time, died. A great foray was made 
by the Clann-Muircertaigh into the country of Cairpre, 
wherein were killed David Ua Caema[i]n, a large, sub- 
stantial yeoman and Donnchadh Mag Buidhecha[i]n and 
many other persons. Brian Carrach O'Eaghra killed Ua 
Flannaga[i]n. Peter OTuathala[i]n, vicar of Cell-espuic- 
[B]roin, 6 rested in Christ. Nicholas Ua Donnchadha, a 
joung priest that was in Druim-cliabh, was killed by the 
" Black Horse " of the Barrets, without guilt, without 
reason, except to inflict a violent death upon^him. And 
every one that shall say a Pater for the good of his soul, 
there are six score days 7 of indulgence for him, as often as 
it is said by him. 

(Or it may be on this year 1 [the death of] Donn Mag (1302) 
Uider should be.) 

bar. of Carbury, co. Sligo (O'D., 
F. M. iii. 482). 

7 Six score days. On Oct. 8, 
1309, Clement V., in view of bis 
devotion to God and tbe church, 
granted to the soul of the knight, 
John Havering, at the request of 
his son, the archbishop-elect of 
Dublin : omnibus vere penitentibus 
et conf essis, qui devotis orationibus 

divinam pro eius anima misericor- 
diam imploraverint, singulis diebus, 
quibus apud Deum huiusmodi ora- 
tiones effundent, viginti dies de 
iniunctis sibi penitentiis misericor- 
diter relaxamus. Presentibus post 
triennium non valituris (Theiner, 
p. 180). 

(1302) 1 This year. See (1301) 
note 1, supra. 


cctiNeclcc ulcroti. 

A 66c tt. 1an. [p.'i.,t acx.11 11.'], CCnno "Domini TTl. ccc. <> iii. 

[-uu.] ttnpinc btla 1 Laccna[i]n, eppuc Cille-mic- 
n"Ouac, manac ban, quietus in [Cbpipco]. 6<roptrim 
0-TTlaine T>O lopca-o le -opeim T>O macailS pi 0-TTlaine. 
5oill Hopa-comam uile < ojp]opba T>O mapba-6 la 
"Oonnccro Cellai, pi bUa l -1Tlaine7a5 CCc-epcpac-Ctian, 
T>U icpocaip pibp TTluinm;ep7 c 8ean TTluinTjrep 7 TDaiu 
"Opiu, map aen fie T>ainit5 aitit5, 2 ecefimafiba-5 7 p 
7 ^abail. "Do gaba^ ann Thafunaic ^alt TTlac 
maca 7 Cofimac TTlac Ceicefinai 7 fioteise^* af a 
focfiaiT)e > 5a po cumup. Ocuf fiogaba^ ann -pop Seinjuam' 1 
Ropa-Comain 7 -DO leige-o 4 ap iac ap. cpill 7 -oofionpac 
pc ap pon m 5 baile -oo lopcao pe hGmunn buiciltepc. 
eDubafiT), p.i Saxan, cigefina na b6p.enn 7 bpecan 7 
CClban, moficuup epc. "Oonncai) ptannasa[i]n, eppuc 
Oil-pint), 5 quieuic in [Chpipco]. "Oomnall, mac 'Cai'&j:, 
mic bpciam, mic CCnnpiap, mic bfiiain tui^m'^, mic 
'Coipcfi'Delbai^ moip, canupci Connacc, pep Ian -o'egnum 
7 -o'einec, pai coii:cenn, c a mapba-olabCCe^m-bpeipnec, 
mac Carail paiai-5 bUi Concobtnp. ^^0-05, mac TTlait- 
[8h]eclainn, mic "Oonnca'oa, mic "OomnaiLl, mic 
Tnagnupa, mic 'Coipn/Delbaig, peicem_cpiccenn im bia^ 
- 7 im eltac, a mapba-o TO Coral, mac "Oomnaill, mic 
'Cai'og. "Oonnca'D TTluimnec Ceallai, pi 0-TTlaine, 
pai coim-oep' im c gac ni, quieuic m [Cbpipco]. Uilliam 

A. D. 1303. O, A. *ii., B; eile, A. 'posbail, A. <-7, MS. (A). 
6 an, A. 6 Oilepinti, A. b 1307, overhead, n. t. h., B ; alias 1307, n. t. h., 
C. ^ c om., B, C. d 7 and (piven in C) is required before this word in 
B. The omission was, no doubt, accidental. coiccenfn] i n (general 
in), B, C. 

[1307] l Jjoj. = 1307 of the 
A.L. C. 

8 Ua Lachtnain. Elected in 1290 
(D. /., III. 769); died before 
March, 1307 (ib. V. 622). 

8 Atk-escrach-Cuan. Ford of the 
ridge of [St.] Cvan Ahascragh, co. 

Gal way, " where the memory of St 
Cuan is still held in great venera- 
tion " (O'D., F. M. iii. 187). 

4 And, etc. Literally, t off ether 
with other persons, between killing, 
and abandoning, and capturing. 

8 Sheri/. Perhaps Richard de 



Kalends of Jan. [on 1st feria, 24th of the moon,] A.D. [1307] 

7]. Laurence Ua Lachtna[i]n, 2 bishop of Cell-mic- 
Duach, a Grey [Cistercian] monk, rested in Christ. 
Echdruim of Ui-Maine was burned by a party of 
the sons of kings of Ui-Maine. The Foreigners of 
all Ros-comain were in great part killed by Donn- 
chadh O'Cellaigh, king of Ui-Maine, at Ath-escrach- 
Cuan, 3 where fell Philip Munnter and John Munnter 
and Matthew Drew and 4 other persons were either 
killed, or left [wounded], or captured. Diarmait 
Mac Diarmata the Foreigner and Cormac Mac Ceither- ^ 
naigh were taken there and their forces were allowed to ^ 
depart under condition. AndTthe SherrfFof Ros-comain 
was alsq taken there [along with his force] and they were 
all allowed to depart upon sufferance. And they made 
peace. [This happened] because the town [of Ahascragh] 
was burned by Edmund Butler. Edward, king of the 
Saxons, lord of Ireland and the Britons and Scotland, died. 6 
Donnchadh 7 0'Flannacha[i]n, bishop of Oiljfinn, rested 
in Christ. Domnall, son of Brian, son of Tadhg, son of 
Andrew, son of Brian of Luighni, son of Toirdhelbach 
Mor [Ua Conchobair], tanist 8 of Connacht, a man full of 
prowess and of generosity, a general scholar, was killed by 
Aedh the Brefnian, son of Cathal Ua Conchobuir the Red- 
Tadhg, son of Mail-[S]echlainn, son of Donnchadh, son 
of Domnall, son of Magnus, son of Toirdhelbach, general 
benefactor respecting food and cattle, was killed by Cathal, 
son of Domnall, son of Tadhg [Ua Conchobhair]. Donn- 
chadh O'Cellaigh the Momonian, king of TJi-Maine, expert 

Exon, keeper of the castle of Eos- 
common (D. I., V. Index, Roscom- 
mon : Richard de Exon). 

6 Died. July 7, 1307. Hence, 
there is a prolepsis of four years in 
the text at this year. 

7 Donnchadh. See [1303], note 4, 

supra. According to the eulogistic 
obit in the A. L. C., he died June 
22, 1307. 

8 Tanist. From the Irish tanaise, 
second. It signifies the next to the 
kingship, the heir-presumptive. 



ccuNcclcc ulcrolt. 

B67dends TTlac pheonaif, affoefptic Duama, | T>O T>ul [co f floirn']. 
Cofioin DO rabaific T>O 7115 Saxan 7 bfxecan 7 enenn, 
iTK)n, < o'eDtibafi'D 05. CCilbi, 1115011 "Gai-ostUli Concobuin, 
mcnciia epc. Ctann-TTliiiftcenTxns -oocect; i TDal-Cerne 
7 afibannaCftici-Caifipni 7monan T>'an.bufi "dfie-hOiteLta 
7 m Conainn -DO lof-ca-o teo. Ocuf -oo'n coipc fin -DO 
mafibaft ^0-65, mac TTla^nuf a. *0o lafin Coral 
cecna. lTlail-[8h]eclainn aifimle5ait, caifec Ce- 
ne[oi]l-TTlod[i]n, quieuic m [Chftifco]. ITlapiUf TTla^ 
Oifieccaig quieuic in Chfiifco. 

[bir.] fart- laT1 - ["" P ^ u - a l CC""0 "Domini HI. ccc. 1111.* 
[-11111.] TTloiftqieac T)O T)enum TO TTlaeltiuanaig TYlac 
a|i macaiB "Domnaill hlli Concobuiji 1 Cfiic 
Cfteaca mo]ia T>O f>enum -DO CLainn-TTluificefi- 
cai aft na macaiB cecna 7 fiac an. n-T)enum pea fieime 
pu 7 an. cabaific bfiaigec T>oiB 7 -oo peatta-ouii on^ia 

7 ni pucoDUft leo ace a n-eic 7 a n-eToe-o 7 a 11-5710156. CCp 
n-a cloifcin fin T>O ^hallaiB 0-piac]iac 7 Iui5ne,-Do cinoi- 
lea'oup. cucu 7 TX> leanu-oun. iac co muLLac 8Lei!5e-en 7 
00 inncoT)U|i meic "Oonnca-oa 7 meic "OomnaiLt fiiu, 
SUti'ceice-outi na goill jiompo 7 co CUCOT mai-om poj\fio 
co leic 6fa--oana. Ocuf -DO mapba-5 teo "Comas TTIac 

A.D. 1303. *' om. in MS. (A) ; owing, most probably, to the similarity 
between coTftoim and cojvoin (the opening word of the next entry). 

9 To Rome. Doubtless, in refer- 
ence to the charges brought against 
him [1297], note 5, supra. 

C ends this year with : ' ' William 
B rimingh am , archbishop of Tuam ; ' ' 
leaving the entry incomplete, as it 
stands in B. 

10 Young Edward. Edward II. 
was crowned Feb. 24 , 1 308 . " But 
the years were computed from July 
7, as appears from the Red Book of 
the Exchequer : Data regis E., filii 

regis E., mutatur singulia annis in 
festo Translations S. Thomae, 
Martyris, viz. VII. Idus JiUii." 
Hampson : Medii Aeci Calendarium, 
London (no date), voL 2, p. 413. 

The meaning of the native anna- 
list is that he succeeded to the 
crown on the death of Edward I. 

11 Sanu C a thai. Son of Domnall, 
mentioned in the seventh entry of 
thia year. 



proficient in every thing, rested in Christ. William Mac [1307] 
Feorais [Birmingham], archbishop of Tuaim, went to 
Rome. 9 The crown was given to the king of the Saxons 
and Britons and Ireland, namely, to young Edward. 10 
Ailbi, daught of Tadhg Ua Concobuir, died. The Clann- 
Muircertaigh came into Magh-Cetne and the crops of the 
country of Cairpre and much of the corn of Tir-Oilella 
and the Corann were burned by them. And on that 
expedition was killed Tadhg, son of Maghnus [Ua 
Conchobair]. He was slain by the same Cathal [Ua 
Conchobair]. 11 Mail-[S]echlainn O'Gairmlegaidh, chief of 
Cenel-Moa[i]n, rested in Christ. Maghnus Mag Oirech- 
taigh rested in Christ. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 2nd feria, 5th of the moon], A.D. [1308 Bis.] 
ISO^-S]. A great fora^ was made by Mailruanaigh Mac 
Diarmata on the sons of Domnall Ua Conchobuir in the 
country of Cairpre. Great forays were made by the 
Clann-Muircertaigh on the same sons, although these 2 had 
made peace previously with them and had given pledges 
to them ; but they acted treacherously towards them after- 
wards. And the sons went forward to Slaibh-en and took 
nothing with them except their steeds and their accoutre- 
ments and their [pack-]horses. When that was heard by 
the Foreigners of Ui-Fiachrach and of Luighni, they 
assembled their forces and followed them to the summit of 
Sliabh-en. And the sons of Donnchadh and the sons of 
Domnall turned upon them, so that the Foreigners fled 
before them and defeat was put upon them as far as the 
Flagstone of Es-dara. And Thomas, son of Walter [de 

[1308] ' 1304 = 1308 of the 
A. L. C 1 . / which, however, fall 
into a serious error (repeated by 
Mageoghegan in his Annals) by 
stating that Easter fell in March in 

this year. It was (XVII. F) April 

z 77tese. Namely, the Clann- 
Muircertaigh (for whom see O'Do- 
novan, F. M. iii. 492-3). 



ccmicclcc ulcroti. 

battcain, Confcabta bona-pnne 7 a oenbnaain. 7 
name aib. Cfiec T>i|aU;a T>O -5enum -o'CCe-b, macCcrcail, 
aji RuaiT>fii, mac Ccrcail, ap a -oefibfiatain. pem. Ocuy 
ma^nur, mac Tna^nufa, TK> manbaft teip 7 T>ame aib. 
Iman. TTlac 5 ei ^ ennct1 5 qmeuic m [Chn.ifco]. Soi^nen 
1 TTlainifcip nam-bnxrcan.iftof-Comain 
in TTlainirciii. "Oomnatl,macComa[ibaComain, 
aificiT>eocan Oil-pinn, quieuir: in Chfiifco. . . , bicaift b 
CLain-mnp, mon.cuuf epc qumco 

1an. [p." 1111., t x-ui.,*] CCnno "Domini m.ccc.u. 
[-ioc.] CCeft, mac 6050111, mic Ruai-opi, mic CCe-oa, mic 
Cacait CiioiC-oeifig, mic "CoififiDelbail moip hUi Conco- 
binp, fii Connacc 7 p oe5aT)bu[i ainT>n.i Openn 7 m c-aen 
' pe]i|i egnum 7 einec ; |io bo mo 7 jiob' -penyi 
bn.ian bopuma anaf, T>O mafiba*D le hCCei> 
m-b|\eipnec, mac CacaiL htli Concobuip, (7*" in D a e I 
hUa 8ocLaca[i]n -DO fin tarn 7)0 -o'a inapba^ te cuaig, 
, boDac -pu-oaifie 11 ) i Coilt-in-clacam 7 monxin T>O 
a muinnceni. Ocuf if iac fo na maici pn : 
1-oon, Concobun. ITlac "Oiapmaca 7 "Oiafimaic fiua-6, mac 
"Cai-bg htli Concobuip 7 "Oian.maic, mac Ca^ait ca^fiaig, 
TTlac TMafimata 7 CCe-b, mac 1T)uin.ceficai5, mic T'ait5, mic 
TTIailfiuanaig. "Oiapmair; heiti"5e, ptaicbpusai'D ]iob' 
f.enjii n-a aimfifi pein 7 ^U-a-na-naem TTlac CCef>U5a[i]n, 
ottam Connacc 7 Gfienn 7 fai coinroef i n-gac ceijiT), DO 
coicim Wn tucc foip, 'p n ^ cecna 7 pagaficac 

A.D. 1304. ^eec, f. m., t. h. ; the first part of the entry is illegible. 
A.D. 1305. *> r. m., n. t h. (A) MS. 

8 Fell. On the night (eve) of St. 
Stephen's Day, according to the 
A. L. C. and Mageoghegan. 

4 Successor of [St.] Coman.Th&t 
is, abbot of Roscommon. The 
A, L. C. state his name was 

[1309] '/J0J = 1309 of the 
A. L. C. 

2 Coill-in-clachain. Wood of the 
(stepping) stones. ' ' In Kilcloaghan, 
in the territory of the Bre[f]ne," 
Mageoghegan. Probably (O'D., 
F. M. iii. 490), Kilclogha, parish of 


Burgh], constable of Buu-finne and his brother and other [1308] 
persons were killed by them. A retaliatory foray was 
made by Aedh, son of Cathal [Ua Conchobhair], on 
Ruaidhri, son of Cathal, that is, on his own brother. And 
Maghnus, son of Maghnus [Ua Conchobhair] and other 
persons were killed by him. Imhar Mac Geibennaigh 
rested in Christ. A bolt of fire fell 3 on the Monastery of 
the Friars in Ros-comain, so that it broke down the 
Monastery. Domnall, son of the Successor of [St.] 
Com an, 4 archdeacon of Oil-finn, rested in Christ. . . . , 
Vicar of Clain-inis, died on the 5th of the Ides [9th] of 

Kalends of Jan. [on 4th feria, 16th of the moon], A.D. 
1305 1 [-9]. Aedh, son of Eogan, son of Ruaidhri, son of 
Aedh, son of Cathal Red-hand, son of Toirdelbach Ua 
Concobuir the Great, king of Connacht and one worthy ta 
be arch-king of Ireland and the one Gaidhel that was best 
of prowess and hospitality ; that was greatest and best of 
figure that came from Brian Boruma dovfnwards, was 
killed by Aedh the Brefnian, son of Cathal Ua Conchobuir, 
(and " the Chafer " Ua Sochlacain, namely, a boorish 
tanner, it was that stretched out a hand towards him to 
kill him with a hatchet) in Coill-in-clachain. 2 And many 
of the nobles of his people [were slain likewise]. And 
these are the nobles : to wit, Concobur Mac Diarmata and 
Diarraait the Red, son of Tadhg Ua Concobuir and Diar- 
mait, son of Cathal Carrach Mac Diarmata and Aedh, son 
of Muircertach, son of Tadhg, son of Mailruanaigh [Ua 
Conchobair]. Diarmait O'hEilidhe, a_chieftain-yeoman 
that was the best in his own time and Gilla-na-naem Mac 
Aedhuga[i]n, ollam of Connacht and of Ireland and 
accomplished sage in every science, fell by the eastern 3 

Drumgoon, barony of Clankee, co. i 3 Eastern. Namely, the Brefnian 
Cavan. ) portion of the forces. 



"Ooif>ilen *DO Luce rip "Comalcai?; TTlic "Oonncai'6. Cfiec 
oo oenum la hCCeft, mac Carail hUi Concobtnfi, afi 
TTluifisir TTlac *0onncait> 7 a abail pein. Caal, mac 
in li'aanai, abb na < Gfiinoi7>i,7>OT;oa['D]cum eppucoi'oe 
Oil-prm. Uilliam Oufic T>O uocc co h Oil-pun afi eip 
[U]i Concobtiifi T?O mafibaT) i Connaccaio' 7 $il-TTluifie- 
0015 T>O cabaific ci^efinu[i]r -DO mac Carail c hUi Conco- 
A6?a buifi. K,uai*5fii, mac Cacail c 7 plainn | -DO -out, 
maficfluai^, afi a TDacaipe 7 mac TYlic pheopaif t>o 
mapbai* leo. Coinne T>O oenum T)' Uilliam buyic 7 T>O 
ChonnaccaiB fie mac Carail 'ma CC-flifen. bpife-o 
coinne ecofifia 7 mai-om -DO rabaific afi mac Carail ann. 
"Ofieam T)'a muinnci|i oo mafibat*. Uilliam bufic -DO xul 
co TTlaiiiifcift na buille 7 Clarm-Tnuificefiraijc; -DO ecc 
1 "Cifi-n-Oilella. CCfibup im-oa -DO lofcaxt 7 -DO milliu-5 
ooiB. TTlac Uilbam oo recc afi Coififi-fliat5 anuaf. 
TTlac Carail T>O cuyi af a longpofic DO 7 "Oonncffo 
P'nacca TO mapba-o -oo copac fl-uai TTlic Uilliam 7 
oame aili. Cfiec t>o "oenum le TTlac Uilliam i Clioiro- 
se. Cyiec aile leip co benin-^ulban 7 ni if 
fif- Concobuyi, mac bfiiain fiuai-o hUi ,binain, -DO 

A.D. 1305. c B oil (=Catail), (A) MS. 

Cathal. Born ia 1270, accord- 
ing to the A. L. C. On the death 
of Donough O'Flannagan ([1307], 
note 7, supra), the canons elected 
Malachy (Mac Aedha, Mac Hugh), 
canon of Elphin, who was in Minor 
Orders. The dean, however, re- 
fused to take part in the election, 
betook himself elsewhere and, hav- 
ing nominated Charles (Cathal), 
"abbot of the monastery of the 
Holy Trinity of Loch Ke of the 

Premonstratensian Order," got his 
selection confirmed (archiepiscopo 
in remotia agente) by Master 
Reginald, Official of the Armagh 
curia, and had his nominee conse- 
crated bishop (in Armagh, A. L. C, 
ad an. 1307). Whereupon, Malachy 
appealed to the Curia (in Avignon). 
After due canonical proofs, which 
are detailed in the Bull of appoint- 
ment, O'Conor, who appeared 
neither in person, nor by proxy, 



people on the same day and Faghartach O'Doibhilen by 
the household people of Tomaltach Mao Donnchaidh. A 
foray was made by Aedh, son of Cathal Ua Concobuir, on 
Maurice Mac Donnchaidh and [Maurice] himself was 
taken prisoner. Cathal, 4 son of the Liathanach [Grey-Ua 
Conchobair], abbot of the Trinity [Island, Loch Ce], was 
chosen to the bishopric of Oil-finn. William de Burgh 
came to Oil-finn after [Aedh] Ua Concobuir was killed in 
Connacht and the Sil-Muiredhaigh gave lordship to 
[Ruaidhri] the son of Cathal Ua Concobuir. Ruaidhri, 
son of Cathal and O'Flainn went on the Plain [of Connacht] 
and the son of Mac Feorais [Birmingham] was killed by 
them. A meeting was held between William de Burgh 
and by the Connachtmen [on the one side] with [Ruaidhri] 
son of Cathal, [on the other] near Ath-slissen. The meeting 
was broken up between them 5 and defeat inflicted on the 
son of Cathal there. Some of his people were killed. 
William de Burgh [then] went to the Monastery of the 
Buill and the Clann-Muircertaigh came into Tir-Oilella. 
Much corn was burned and [much] destroyed by them. 
Mac William came down past Corr-sliabh. The son of 
Cathal was put out of his stronghold by him and Domnall 
O'Finachta and other persons were killed by the van of 
the host of Mac William. A. foray by Mac William in 
Clann-Fermuighe. Another foray by him to Benn- 
Gulbain and farther downwards. 6 Concobur, 7 son of 
Brian Ua Briain the Red, was killed. 


was deprived of the See and Malachy 
appointed thereto by Clement V., 
June 22, 1310 (Theiner, p. 180-1). 

The A. L. C. state he enjoyed 
the revenue for three years and a 
half. The text is consequently 
four years predated in this place. 

His death took place in [1343], 

5 Meeting-them. Literally, break- 
ing of meeting [took place] between 

6 Doumwards. Towards the 
north, which is the reading of the 
A. L. C. 

7 Concobur. See the first entry 
of the following year. 


ccMMCclcc ulcroli. 

]Cal. 1an. [u." p., 1.'], CCnno "Domini TT1. ccc. 
ui. [-x.] Concobtip hlla bpiain, mac ni| pob' penp -00 
tei TTlo^a, -DO mapbcro T>O na 5allait> T>uba i meBaiL 
Cfieca mopa -m^la TJO -oenum le hCCei) m-bfieipnec j le 
Clainn-TTluificeficai5 apcena afi TTlaelfuianai5 TTlac n- 
"Oiapma-oa j "Oonnccro, mac "Oonnaroa.-o'aftsain 7-00 50- 
bail 7 a mmnncep *oo mapba-o 7 T>O ^abail 7750 
Octif a benT>omafiba < &,iT>on,in5en hl1ipla 
7 pi|\ b im-oa aili pop. pefi^al TTlag "Oofican> quieuir in 
[Ch|iif7:o]. Una, mgen CCe^a, mic prti-olimre, *o'e5. 
le Sepp^aig pen^ail co T)un-1JaCai|i, aic 

an.' "Oomnatl, mac CCe-ba 015 [U]i 
CCe-o, mac TTlait-lfU 7 ^appfiaig, mac 
Caiflen bona-p'nne "oolofca^ 7 T>'an.5ain, erep. 
7 n^ib, le TluaiTn.i, mac Cacail7le hCCe-5, mac 
7 le muiiTonp. CCe-ba bfieipnig aficena. pinn^uala, 
TTlasnufa [ll]i Choncobuifi, -o'eg. CCe-5 bpeipnec 
Concobuifi, oega'Dbun. aiji' Connacc 7 m mac fii if 
pepp. cainic o, mac bpiam [bopuma], anuap, 
a'5 le ITlac UiT)iTin O'oon, Seona^ ITIac I1it5ibn c )> 
iT>on, buana *oo bt an. congiViail 0151 pem, 1 peall 7 a 
mefanl ap cennair>ecc T>O n.ona-5. PCI cunna pna t>o 
cup po rip. i TTla^-Cecne in can fin. Caiplen 81151-0 T)O 
5enum leipm 1apla. peiTlimi-5, mac CCe-oa, mic Go^am, 

A.D. K$06. b p0(l(L. pitilri^afDr ep. overhead), MS. * ill., 
n. t. h., MS. 

[1310] ' 1306 = 1310 of the 
A. L. C. 

* Black Foreigners. "Probably 
used to denote the English lately 
come over, who were black stran- 
gers in comparison with the Eng- 
lish-Irish " (O'D. F. M. iii. 494). 

3 Burned. From the burnings 
that took place on the occasion the 
incursion was called Crech-in-toiten 
(foray of the conflagration), accord- 
ing to the A. L. C. 

4 The ctutk,etc. This is copied by 
the Four Masters. A longer account 
is given in the A. L. C. 

8 Killed. See the fuller descrip- 
tion in the A. L. C. (ad an.) and in 
Mageoghegan (O'D. iii. 496). 

8 Mercenary. The buana was a 
soldier paid partly in money, partly 
in victuals. This system of pay- 
ment was called buanacht (Anglo- 
Irish, bonaght). A proportion of 
" wages in money," " dietts in 



Kalends of Jan. [on 5th feria, 27th of the moon], A.D. 
IO]. Conchobur Ua Briain, the son of a king that 
was the best of the Half of Mogh was killed by the Black 
Foreigners 2 in treachery. Large retaliatory forays were 
made by Aedh the Brefnian, and by the Clann-Muircer- 
taigh also on MaelruanaighMacDiarmataandDonnchadh, 
son of Donnchadh [Mac Diarmata] was despoiled and taken 
prisoner and his people were [either] killed or taken 
prisoners, or burned. 3 And his wife was killed, namely, 
the daughter of Ua Flannaga[i]n and many other women 
and men also [were killed]. Ferghal Mac Dorchaidh rested 
in Christ. Una, daughter of Aedh, son of Feidhlimidh [TJa 
Conchobair], died. A hosting by Geoffrey O'Ferghail to 
Dun-Uabhair, a place where was killed Domnall, son of 
Aedh TJa Ferghail junior and Aedh, son of Mail-Isu and 
Godfrey, son of Muircertach [Ua Ferghail]. The castle 4 
of Bun-finne was burned and despoiled, both [corn-]reeks 
and houses, by Ruaidhri, son of Cathal [Ua Conchobair] 
and by Aedh, sou of Maghnus [Ua Conchobair] and by 
the people of Aedh [Ua Conchobair] the Brefnian besides- 
Finnghuala, daughter of Maghnus Ua Concobuir, died. 
Aedh Ua Conchobuir the Brefnian, worthy heir of the 
arch-king of Connacht and the son of a king the best that 
came from Murchadh, son of Brian [Boruma], downwards, 
was killed 5 by Mac Uidilin (namely, Johnock Mac 
Uibhilin) : that is, a mercenary 6 that was kept by himself 
[as a body-guard] did it in treachery and deceit for a 
price. Twenty tons of wine were put [i.e., washed] 
ashore in Magh-Cedne that time. The Castle of Sligech 
was built by the Earl. Feidhlimidh, son of Aedh, son of 


money," aud "diettsin victuells" 
"in the Bonaghte" is set forth in 
"The rate of the wages of the 
Galloglas," etc. (Tracts relating to 
Ireland, IT. Arch. Soc., II. p. 87 sq.). 
For the two kinds of Bonaght, see 

Dymraok's Treatise of Ireland (ib. 
p. 8). 

In a secondary sense, Bonaght 
signified the soldiery thus main- 



a n-inat> a aeon, pein. Cojimac pLaniia^a[i]n, con fee 
^uaitVpaea, T>O mafibrro le tlenpi TTlac Si 
caifee Tniiinnceni-peo7>aea[i]n, a feall. TTTa[c] 
TTlaj; Ui7>ip, f.i7>amna J?en-TT)anae 7 "Oomnall fllac 
Sille-TTlicil, caifee Clamni-Con^aite, T>O milling 7 TX> 
lofcaT) te HoolB TTla^ TYlhacgamna. GCmlaim' 1 
Ui'Bifv, it>on, mac "Dumn cafipai^, caifee 
peaDaea[i]n, mo^cuuf efc 14 ]cal. 1utn, 1306. d 

JCaL 1an. [in." p., L ix., a ] CCnno "Oomim TT1. ccc. un. 
[-xi.] Cpee mo|i -DO itemim le Clamn-fnuif.ce|icai5 i 
Connaeca 7 5 1 U-tf'Cfiifr, mac nfluifi^ifa, mic "Oonnca'oa 
TTlic TJiapmara, T>O ma|iba^ ann 7 CCe-o, mac Cofimaic 7 
thlliam TTlac ^ttXe-cqipai 7 "Oonnea-o, mac "Comalcai?; 
7 T>aine imfta aili. "Oa TTlac Uiltiam leic a bu|ic -DO 
mapba-5 T>O na macait5 ^ Laineea[it5]. 8tuai|er moyi 
le hUilliam bupc ifin TTlumain 1 n-aai'5 in Clafiai'5 
7 car T>O cabaifx 7)OiB 7 mai7>m 7>o cabaifi cafi m Clafvae 
ann 7 thlliam bupc afi T^fiei) a mumncepi 05 lenmam 
m maT)ma. Ocuf p7)e po ^abai), if 0151 7>o d cofcun. 111 
moroma. "Ca-og hOCinliiie -DO mafibar) la Siangan 
7>'eifer:[ia. Caga^ mop. 1 Cua-5-lTlumain ifin blia-oain 
fi 7 ca 7)0 cabaif.c 7>o "Ohonncaf TTlac Conma]ia 7 7>'a 
oifiect;, i7>on, 7>o 'Cn.iea-cec 0-Caifin, i n-aiai7) h[U]i 
bjiiain 7 pejx TDuman uile. Ocuf "Oonnea-D TTlac Con- 
mafia 7>o mapba-5 ann 7 maia a oifiecca inle 7T)omnall 
^fia7)a,i:aifec Cene[oi]l-"0un5aile. Octif dp 7)iaif.mi7)e 
eTX)fifia, lee afi lee. ^Donneai) obfiiain, fu TTluman 7 

A.D. 1306. " 67a, f. m., t. h., MS. 

[1311] ^1307 = 1311 of the 
A. L. C. 

2 Battle was given. At Bunratty 
co. Clare, on Aecension Day, 1310 
rdyn); May 20, 1311 (Grace). 
These data supplement and correct 

each other, enabling the true year 
to be determined. In 131 1 (I. C.). 
Easter fell on April 14 ; Ascension 
Day, on May 20. The text conse- 
quently anticipates by four years. 
'Killed.-- The A. L. C. state that 


Eogan [Ua Conchobair, became king] instead of his own [1310] 
father. Cormac 0'Flannaga[i]n, chief of Tuath-Ratha, 
was killed by Henry Mac Gille-Finnein, chief of Muinter- 
Peodacha[i]n, in treachery. Ma[c] Craith Mag Uidhir, 
royal heir of Fir-Manach and Domnall Mac Gille-Michil, 
chief of Clann-Conghaile, were pillaged and burned by 
Ralph Mac Mathgamna. Amhlaim Mag Uidhir, namely, 
son of Donn Carrach, chief of Muinter-Peodacha[i]n, died 
on the 14th of the Kalends of July [June 18], 1306. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 6th feria, 9th of the moon], A.D. [isii] 
ISOT^-ll]. A great foray was made by the Clann- 
Muircertaigh into Connacht and Gilla- Crist, son of 
Maurice, son of Donnchadh Mac Diarmata, was killed 
therein and Aedh, son of Cormac [Mac Diarmata] and 
William Mac Gille-Arraith and Donnchadh, son of 
Tomaltach [Mac Diarmata] and many other persons [were 
killed]. Two sons of William de Burgh the Grey 
were slain by the Leinster sons of kings. A great 
hosting [was made] by William de Burgh into 
Munster against De Clare and battle was given 2 by 
them and defeat was inflicted on De Clare there. 
And William de Burgh was at the rere of his force in 
following up the defeat. And, though he was captured, 
it is with him the triumph of the defeat remained. Tadhg 
O'hAinlidhe was killed 3 by Jordan de Exeter. Great war 
in Thorn ond in this year and battle was given by Donn- 
chadh Mac Conmara and by his sept, namely, by the 
Cantred of Ui-Caisin, against Ua Briain and all the Men 
of Munster. And Donnchadh Mac Conmara was killed 
therein and all the chiefs of his sept and Domnall O'Grada, 
chief of Cenel-Dunghaile [were killed]. And countless 
slaughter [took place] between them, side for side. 

O'Hanly was slain in pursuit of the I Luirg (barony of Boyle, co. Roa- 
party led by de Exeter into Magh I common). 


cctiNcclcc ulcroti. 

a-obun. pis epenn, -DO mapbcrB a meCail -DO 1T)upccr5, mac 
TTlacjjaTnna [U]i bpiain. Loclainn piabac T>ea<r& ( oo 
mapba-o le marram am, mac "Oomnaill Connaccais [U]i 
bfiiain. Seonas Tfiac Uiplin -DO mapba-om puelai| 1 
m-baile-cobaip-bpi^oe 7 a mapba-o -pem m-o. Ocup ip 
oo'n 5eppfa[m]ai5 T/ap'Tnapf) pe CCe-5 bpeipnec 
Concobtnp, fii Conn ace, T>O e -pein. Cfiec -DO 
Benum Le peif>limi-5 Concobuifi, ^1 Connacc,a|i Ctainn- 
THuificefiT:ai, an, bo|\T) TTltiip-Cecni. Ocuf TTlaeL- 
Sectainn, mac Concobuiii'fiuai'D, pif i fiairea C e a n n 111 
m ei 51 1, T)O> ann 7 7>aini eile. "Oomnall hUa 
Ruaific, ni bfieipne, moficuuf epr. "Diajimaic Cleipec 
hUa bfiiain mofrcuur efc. ITIuipceficac bfiiain T)O 
>. "Oomnall binn, caifec "Cijie-bjiium, quieuic m 
u 0"0alai, ollam -oana, quieuic m 

A67c[bi r .] jcal 1an. [un.' p., L ocac.'], CCnno T)omini m. ccc. uni. 
[-x. 11.] Uilliam tlTlac pheonaif, aift-oefpua "Cuama, in 
Chpifuo quieuic. beini-oecc bn.asa[i]n, ej^puc Luijne. 
quieuic m [Chfiipco]. TTlalaci TTlag CCe^a, eppuc Oil- 
pn-o, T>O co5a[TJ cum aip-oefpucoiDe "Cuama- 

1an. [11* p., U .*], CCnno "Oomim 171. ccc. ix. 
[ec.111. ] Clemenf papa mopcuup epr. Hex ppanci[a]e 
mopcuup epc. 5 1 ^ a '^r tl THas "Oopcai-5 -DO mapba-5 TX> 

4 Gruelach. The name here in- 
tended has not been identified. 

6 Baile-tobair-Brigde. Town of 
the well of [St.} Brigit (Balintober, 
co. Roscommon). The well " from 
which the place took its name is yet 
in existence here, but not regarded 
as a holy well" (O'D.iii. 500). 

'Killed. In [131 1J, supra. 

7 Head of the Harvest-baml. So 
called, in all probability, from hav- 

ing devoted himself to agriculture 
rather than to warfare. 

[ 1312] ' ijoS = 1312 of t h e 
A. L. C. 

3 Malachy.On the death of Bir- 
mingham, the Chapter elected (per 
viam compromissi) Philip, dean of 
Tuam. He having refused to con- 
sent, the Chapter in the same 
manner chose Malachy of Elphin 
([1309J, note 4, tupra). The bishop 



Donnchadh Ua Briain, king of Munster and one fit to be [1311] 
king of Ireland, was killed in treachery by Murchadh, son 
of Mathgamain Ua Briain. Lochlainn O'Deaghadh the 
Swarthy was killed by Mathgamain, son of Domnall Ua 
Briain the Connacian. Johnock Mac Uighilin killed the 
Gruelach 4 in Baile-tobair-Brighde 5 and himself was killed 
[immediately] therefor. And it is with the short [handled-] 
axe wherewith ha killed 6 Aedh O'Concobuir the Brefnian, 
he was killed himself. A foray was made by Feidhlimidh 
O'Conchobuir, king of Connacht, on the Clann-Muircer- 
taigh, on the verge of Magh-Cetne. And Mael-Sechlainn, 
son of Concobur the Red, who was usually called Head -^ 
of the harvest-band 7 and other persons were X ' 
killed therein^Bomnall UaTRuairc, king of Breifni, died. 
Diarmait Ua Briain the Cleric died. Muircertach Ua 
Briain was made king. Domnall O'Birn, chief of Tir- 
Briuin, rested in Christ. GKlla-Isu O'Dalaigh, professor 
of poetry, rested in Christ. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 7th feria, 20th of the moon], A.D. [!3i2Bis.] 
ISOS^-^]. William Mac Feorais [Birmingham], arch- 
bishop of Tuaim, rested in Christ. Benedict 0'Braga[i]n, 
bishop of Luighni [Achonry], rested in Christ. Malachy 2 
Mac Aedha, bishop of Oil-finn, was chosen to the arch- 
bishopric of Tuaim. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 2nd feria, 1st of the moon], A.D. [1313J 
laOO^-lS]. Pope Clement [V.] died. 2 The king of 
France died. 3 Grilla-Isu Mag Dorchaidh was killed by 

submitted himself in the matter to 
the decision of the Curia and pro- 
ceeded to Avignon, in company with 
the capitular proctors. Having 
been questioned and approved by 
three examiners deputed ad hoc, he 
was transferred to Tuam by Clement 
V., December 19, 1312 (Theiner, p. 
185-6). The text accordingly is 

antedated by four years. 

[1313] 1-1309 = 1313 of the 
A. L. C. 

2 Died. This obit is five years 
antedated. Clement V. died April 
20, 1314. 

3 Died. A similar prolepsis of 
five years. Philip le Bel of France 
lived until 1314. 




Concobup. Cctfifiac TTlac Thafimara. T^at^, TTlac 
CCnnniap, -0*65. Coral, mac TTlunca-oa Canjiaig h[U]i 
phenail, qineuic in [Chn.ifco]. 


]Cal. 1an. [in.* p., t. x.u*] CCtmo "Domini TT1. ccc. x. 
[-x. 1111.] Niall T)omnaill occipup epc. THai-oni 
ITIinnncefu-HaiSillais 10 T)nuim-tecm le RuaiT>n.i, mac 
Carail [U]i Concobtnn.. Illa^nuf, mac "Domnaitl h[U]i 
Gagfia, TX) teTTla^nuf.mac Uilliam [U]i 6a|;fia, 
i pealt. 14 1 all, mac Opiain nth Neill, m c-aen mac |ii^ 
yio bo linmuifie 7 fiob' pe^in. mair[i]uf bo bi a n-Gfimn 1 
n-aen aimpyi nip pein, quieuir m [Chpifco]. 

]Cal. 1an. [in. m p., 1. 1.11.,*] CCnno "Domini TT1. 
x.i. [-x. 1111.] TTlara TTlag "Cigeiina^ln 7> 
DO Choral Ruaific. Miall "Oomnaill -DO mafiba-5 le 
hCCex* n-*0omnaill. TTlaca fHa^ ["Oh]uiBne, eppuc na 
bfieipne, -o'eg. Roolb" TTlag TTla^amna -DO majiba-o -D'O 
bfiaic|iiB pein. 

]CaL 1 an. [1111.* p., 1., ] CCnno "Domini TT1. ccc. 
x. 11. [-x. u.] Slua^-loin^ef mon. TK> cecc a hCClbam 
le i>;ain. 1115 CClban, le h6DUD*afiT), 1 cfiicaiC Ula^. 
Cpeca mojia T>O -oenum -DO an. mumncifi in lajila 7 an. 
^allai 15 na TTliT>e. 8lua mofi T>O cinol -oo'n 1apla i 
n-agai^ na n-CClbanac. pei-olimi^, mac CCe-oa hlli 
Choncobuifi, |ii Connacc, *oo 'oul leipin. 8lua mop aile 
DO cinol | le Huai-ofii, mac Cacail [U]i Choncobuip, i 

4 TadJtg. According to the eulo- 
gistic account in the A. L. t'., he 
was grandson of Turlough Mor 
O' Conor, and died a monk in the 
abbey of Boyle. 

[1314] 1 /j/o = 1314 of the 
A. L. C. 

* Mall. The entry in the Four 
Matters states that he was grandson 

of Turlough O'Donnell, who was 
slain [1303], supra. 

*/j//=1314 of the A. L. C- 
From this to the textual year 1366 
(=1369) inclusive, the dating is 
three years in advance. 

*Ntall. A repetition (with the 
name of the slayer added) of the 
first entry of the textual year 1310 



Conch obur Carrach Mac Diarmata. Tadhg, 4 son of [1313] 
Andrew [TJa Conchobair], died. Cathal, son of Mu.rch,adh. 
Carrach Ua Ferghail, rested in Christ. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 3rd feria, 12th of the moon], A.D. 
ISlO^-l*]. Niall 2 O'Domnaill was slain. Defeat of the 
Muinter-E-aighillaigh [was inflicted] at Druim-lethan by 
Ruaidhri, son of Cathal TJa Concobuir. Maghnus, son of 
Domnall Ua Eaghra, was killed by Maghnus, son of 
William Ua Eaghra, in treachery. Niall, son of Brian 
Ua Neill, the one son of a king who was most bountiful 
and best in goodness that was in Ireland at the same time 
as himself, rested in Christ. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 3rd feria, 12th of the moon], A.D. 
1311 3 [-14]. Matthew Mag Tigerna[i]n was killed by 
Cathal O'Euairc. Niall 4 O'DomnaiU was killed by Aedh 
O'Domnaill. Matthew Mag [Dh]uibhne, bishop of the 
Breifni [Kilmore], died. Ralph Mag Mathgamna was 
killed by his own kinsmen. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 4th feria, 23rd of thermoon], A.D. 
1312 1 [-15]. A great fleet-host came from Scotland with, 
the brother of the king of Scotland, that is, with Edward 
[Bruce], 2 into the territories of Ulidia. Great forays were 
made by it on the people of the Earl [de Burgh] and on 
the Foreigners of Meath. A great host was collected by 
the Earl against the Scotch. Feidhlimidh, son of Aedh 
Ua Concobuir, king of Connacht, went with that. Another 
great host was collected by Ruaidhri, 3 son of Cathal Ua 

[1315] 1 iji2=Ul5 of the 
A. L. C. 

-Edward [Bruce]. For the pro- 
ceedings of the Braces in Ireland, 
see Gilbert's Viceroys, p. 134 sq. 

3 Ruaidhri. According to the 
A. L. C., instead of employing the 

force to aid Bruce (the ostensible 
purpose for which it was raised), 
Ruaidhri marched unopposed 
through the province, in the ab- 
sence of Feilim, and had himself 
inaugurated king of Connaught. 



Connacca. Caiflena -DO Lofgcrfe 7 T>O bfiipufc. CCe-5, 
mac TTlasnura [U]i Concobuin, -DO manbaT) te Coral, 
mac"Oomnaill[U]i Concobuip. Tnapiup, mac TTlapiUfa, 
in mac fug pob' penfi emec 7 egnom -DO bi -DO ConnaccaiE 
7 "Oomnall, a T>;ain., TJO mafiba-om ta an. namapac 
lepin pep. cecna. "Oiafimaic, mac 8imom n a c fia 5 a, 
DO man.bat> in La -DO maiiba-5 CCe-5, mac TTlctsnufa [U]i 
Concobui|i, lepn Ctainn cecnaan-T)i5aila n-aca^ Car 
oo'n 1apla T>'on T)-afia lee 7 -o'eDubajvo co n-a pe-oain -oo'n 
leu aile, 5Uii'mai-oin[et] a]iin 1anla 7 aia^allaiC apcena. 
TDD gaba^ ann Uilliam bupc 7-00 mac TTIic-in- 

heolu[i]f, T>o mafiba-5 le TTIaelfiuanais TTlac 
maua, fii TT1 ui^e-tuifis 7 1Dailmiat>ai^, caifec TTluinn- 
ce|ii-Cean.balla[i]n 7 mojian T>O TTluinnuin.-eolu[i]v 
ap,aen |iiu. Concobup, pua^, mac CCei>a bfieipni, TX> 
ann. Tnael^uanai^ TTlac T)iaiimaca 7 ^ille- 

TTlac ^r 06 ^ T)O cecc i Tnas-iuips 7 cfieaca T>O 
oenum T>oiB. Ocuf fiucaDun. ben "Oiafimaca ^L 1 ]^ ^- eo 
7 "DO aifi^e-oap. tnle minn[n]uifi Thafimaua ^a[i]ll. 
"Cainic OCe'5 "Oomnaill pa caiflen 81151*0 7 "DO cuaf 

leif. RuaiT)|ii, mac "Domnaill [Uji Concobuip, T>O 
le "Oenbofisaill, mgen TTlasnufa [U]i Chonco- 
buifi, afi cennai-oecT: T>O ceiuifin 

4 Father. Donmall O'Conor, 
father of Cathal, was slain in an 
encounter with Hugh O'Conor the 
Brefnian \\ZQ1}, supra. According 
to the A. L. (7., he waa wounded in 
the contest by Dermod, son of 
Simon. Hence the vendetta here 

5 Was fought. At Connor, co. 
Antrim (A. L. C. and Grace). 

William, de Burgh. Probably, 
the son of the Earl. 

7 Mathjamain, etc. See the 
A. L C., ad an. (Rolls' ed., i 175). 

8 Maelruanaigh, etc. See the 
A. L. C. (ib. 577). 

9 Derborgaill. According to 
Mageoghegan (O'D. iii. 609-10) 
and the A. L. C., the reduction of 
Sligo and the assassination of Bory 
were to arenge the slaying of her 
father (second entry of this year) by 
Domnall, brother of Kory. 

i'Wat done. Given at 1216 in 



Conchobuir, in Connacht. Castles were burned and 
broken down. Aedh, son of Maghnus Ua Conchobuir, 
was killed by Cathal, son of Domnall Ua Concobuir. 
Maghnus, son of Maghnus, the son of a king who was best 
of hospitality and prowess that was of the Connachtmen 
and Domuall, his brother, were killed on the morrow by 
the same man. Diarmait, son of Simon of the Strand, 
was killed on the day on which was killed Aedh, son of 
Maghnus Ua Concobuir, by the same Clan, in revenge of 
their father. 4 A battle [was fought] 5 by the Earl on the 
one side and by Edward [Bruce] with his force on the 
other side, so that defeat was given to the Earl and to the 
Foreigners besides. And William de Burgh 6 and the two 
sons of Mac-in-Mhilidh were taken prisoners there. 
Matbgamain 7 Mag Raghnaill, chief of Muinter-Eolu[i]s 
and O'Mailmhiadhaigh, chief of Muinter-Cerballa[i]ri 
and many of Muinter-Eolu[i]s along with them were 
killed by Maelruanaigh 8 Mac Diarmata. Concobur the 
Red, son of Aedh [Ua Conchobair] the Brefnian, was 
killed there. Maelruanaigh 8 Mac Diarmata nd Gilbert 
Mac Goisdelbh came into Magh-Luirg and forays were 
made by them. And they took away with them the wife 
of Diarmait [Mac Diarmata] the Foreigner and plundered 
all the people of Diarmait the Foreigner. Aedh O'Dom- 
naill came against the Castle of Sligech and it was reduced 
by him. Ruaidhri, son of Domnall Ua Concobuir, was 
killed by Derborgaill, 9 daughter of Maghnus Ua Conco- 
buir. [The deed was done 10 ] for stipend by a band of 


the A. L. C., according to which 
O'Donnell entered the country of 
Cairpre a second time, with a large 
force. On that occasion, Rory 
separated himself from his brothers, 

made peace with O'Donnell and 
received the lordship of Cairpre 
Nevertheless, " in violation of the 
relics of Tir-Conaill," he was slain 
as stated iii the text. 


368a[bif.] ]CaL. 1an. [_u.* p, L 1111.*] CCnno "Oomnn TT1. ccc. 
x. ni. ob [-x. ui.] Sluag niofi -DO cmol le 
Concobuin. 7 le TTlac pheofiaif 7 le 5 a U-ai 
Connacc. "Cecc T>oib co Tx>cun. TTlona-Coinnef>a. RuaiT>n.i 
hlla 1 Concobuifi T>O f>ul 'n-a 11-0501-0 7 cumiif[c] T>oif> 
an. a ceile. Ruai-ofii hUa 1 Concobuin., ju Connacc, TK> 
mafiba-o aim 7 "Oianmaic 'frail TTlac "Oiajimaca, jii 
TTlui5i-lui|i5 7 Co^mac ITlac Ceiuefinaig, |n Ciafiai^e 7 
galloglaca uaifb 7 T>ame uiroaaili. 2 Hige in COICI-O'DO 
jabail o'pheiT>liTni'5 3 ajiip. Ocuf flua^ mof> leif 
CCca-lecain 7 in baile T>O lopsa-o leif. Ocuf 
ifeqia, r;isepna in baile, T>O man,baT leo 7 
111 ^oganac, m t-aen bajujn ba -pai|ie 4 T>O bi a n-6fiinn, T>O 
mafibar* leo 7 ^ 1 ^ mroa aib. 2 Ocup e-oala mofia 
o'pa^bail T)oiB. CC' nof 7 a n-alla-o -DO -out pa Gtiinn, 
mopan T>oiC. f Sluaige-o mop, < oo s comofwrb" 

ma ^ aen ^ e mcf^,^ an coici-5" 7 "Oonn- 
ca-5 bfiiam, yn TTluman 7 TTIael-[8h]eclainn, ^1 
TTli-De 7 Ual[]afic Ruaiyic, fii bneipne 
Huai|ic -DO |abail pii m ifco anno. 1 ) 7 

^aile 7 "Ca-Ds Cellai, fii O-TTlame 7 
, mac"0oninaillhlli Concobuin.,canurti Connacc 

ni Lui|ne 7bfiian "Oub-5a,iii 0-pacfiac. 
1C n-7>ul fin uile co hCC-na-n.i. ^oilllaficaifi Connacc 
uile "DO cmol 'n-a n-aigi'D : nx>n, Uilliam bun.c 7 m 
baf,un TTlac peofiaif, ci^efina CCa-na-n.i 7^oill Leici 

A.D. 1313. 10, A. 2 ., B; eile, A. 3 -tim, B. <faeiTve, A. * 1316 
overhead, n. t. h., B. c om , A. d Opposite this place, TtuaiT>jxi, \\\ 
Connacc Ruaidhri, Kiny of Connacht ia placed, 1. m., t. h., B. e .. 
(the Latin equivalent for the Irish coic five) with TO overhead, A, B. 
f - f om M B. K-K T>ocum ornon,aT>, which is meaningless, B. It can signify 
against (literally unto) [the] Ui-Moj-dha. Bat this sense is inapplicable 
here. The reading is a misconception of the A-teit. h - h< oo by him 
(Fedhlimid), A. '-'t. m., t. h., A; om., B. 

[1316] 1 /j/j=1316 of the 
A. L. C. 
a Killed. Fidelmeus O Conghur 

interf ecit Rororicum, filium Catholi 
O Conghur (Grace, ad an. 1315[= 
1316]. His A.D. notation com- 


Kalends of Jan. [on 5th feria, 4th of the moon], A.D. [1316 Bis.] 
1313 a [-16]. A large host was mustered by Feidhlimidh 
TJa Concobair and by Mac Feorais [Birmingham] and by 
the Foreigners of the West of Connacht. They came to 
the Causeway of Moin-Coinnedha. Ruaidhri TJa Concobuir 
went against them and they engaged with each other. 
Ruaidhri Ua Concobuir, king of Connacht, was killed 2 
there along with Diarmait Mac Diarmata the Foreigner, 
king of Magh-Luirg and Cormac Mac Ceithernaigh, king 
of Ciaraidhe and noble gallowglasses and many other 
persons. The kingship of the Fifth was assumed by 
Feidhlimidh again. And a large host was led by him to 
the assault of Ath-lethan and the place was burned by 
him. And 81evin de Exeter, lord of the town and de 
Cogan, the noblest baron that was in Ireland and many 
other Foreigners were killed by them. And many chattels 
were got by them. Their fame 3 and their renown went 
throughout Ireland, so that many submitted to them. A 
great hosting was undertaken by Feidhlimidjj, together 
with the nobles of the Fifth [of Connacht] and with 
Donnchadh O'Briain, king of Munster and 0'Mael[-Sh]ec- 
lainn, king of Meath and Ual[gh]arc O'Ruairc, king of 
Breifni (Ual[gh]arc O'Ruairc took the kingship that year) 
and O'Ferghail, king of Muinter-hAnghaile and Tadhg 
O'Cellaigh, king of Ui-Maine and Maghnus, son of Dom- 
nall Ua Concobuir, tanist of Connacht and Art O'hEaghra, 
king of Luighni and Brian O'Dubhda, king of TJi-Fiach- 
rach. They went, all those, to Ath-na-righ. The 
Foreigners of the West of Connacht all assembled against 
them : to wit, William de Burgh and the Baron Mac 
Feorais [Birmingham], 4 lord of Ath-na-righ and all the 

mences on March 25 ; the change 
of the Dominical Letter, on the 
preceding Jan. 1). 

3 Their fame, etc. A. partisan 
exaggeration. How transient was 

O' Conor's pre-eminence, is shown 
in the following entry. 

4 Birmingham. It is worthy of 
note that he was on the side of 
O'Concr in the previous expedition. 




Cuinn 5 uile -o'upTnop. Car -DO comopa-o leo 7 mai-orn DO 
eabaipc ap 5 ai ^ e ^ ai ^ ann - pei p Dlimi < 6 Concobuip 
(mac j CCe-oa, mic eogam 1 ), pi Connacc, DO mapbaii ann : 
in e-aen DUine k if mo fie 1 ficnbe aipe pep n-6penn uite 
7 pob' pep euiec 7 egnum. 'CcrSg hUa 1 Ceallaij;, pi 0- 
TTlaine, T>O mapbcro ann 7 occap ap picic T/ap'-oual pi&i 
DO CLainn-Cetlaig -DO mapbcri) ann. CCpr h6apa, pi 
Luigne, -DO mapbat ann. CCcc aen ni, nip'mapba^ 'fin 
aimpip fi 1 n-6pinn in coimlin TX) mapba-b ann TX> 
tnacaiC pig 7 caifec 7 T>O T>ainiB imtta aili 2 opm amac- 
Ruaixipi, mac 'Donnca'Da, mic Gogain liUi Concobuip, TX> 
piga-D -DO Connaccaib". 8tua' le hllitliam bupc 1 8il- 
TDuipe-Dais.' Concobtnp 7 Connacca -DO -Denum fica, 
ace TTlac "Oiapmaca. "Cecz^ -DO TTlac Uiltiam 1 11105- 
Luipg. Cpeca mopa -DO cabaipc leo o CCc-in-cip 7 o 
Uaccap-ipe 7 m cip uite 7)0 Lofca^ 7 *oo miLliuf* T>oiC. 
afcip amac iap fin.' 1n Ruai^pi cema 7>o 

arpiga'Dle TTlac "Oiapmaca mpfin. "OepbopgailL/mgen 
hUi Concobuip, o'eg.' 

[Cat 1an. [uu.'p., I. x-u., m ] CCnno T)omini HI. ccc. x. 
iin. ob [-x. un.] "CoippDelbac, mac CCeDa, 1 mic eojain, 
DO pi^aD le Connacca. Roibeac a bpiuif, pi CClban, DO 
a n-epinn maille c pe gaUoslacaitj imDaio' 1 pupeacc 
ID, a bpaeap pem, DO Dicup 5H o hOpmn. 
TTlailip d D'Bipeepa, eigepna CCea-leeam, DO mapbaD le 

8 The MSS. have q for cu. 6 1316, overhead, n. t. h., B. From Sluog to 
ann, inclusive, is translated in C at 1312, [alias] 1316. The next year is 
1486. MitL, t h., A; om., B. k Daniel Gaidhel, B. 'n 
meaning as the word in A), B. 

A.D. 1314. 'Oaeta!B. *0, B. b 131 7, overhead, n. t.h., B. c 
(same signification as the A word), B. d - d om., B. 

8 Battle, etc. On the feast of St. 
Lawrence (August 10), according 
to the A. L. C., Clyn and Grace. 

6 Made ptace. Namely, with de 

7 Mac Diarmata.Who had not 
made peace with de burgh. 

8 DerborqailLSee [1316J, note 9. 



Foreigners of the greater part of the Half of Conn. Battle 5 [1316 Bis ] 
was engaged in by them and defeat inflicted on the Gaidhil 
there. Feidhlimidh O'Concobuir (son of Aedb, son of 
Eogan), king of Connacht, was slain there : the one person 
on whom the attention of the Men of all Ireland was most 
directed and who was best in generosity and prowess- 
Tadhg Ua Cellaigh, king of Ui-Maine, was slain there and 
eight and twenty of the Clann- Cellaigh that had right to 
kingship [of TJi-Maine] were slain there. Art 0'hEghra,king 
of Luighni was slain there. But [for] one thing, there was 
not slain in this time in Ireland the amount that was slain 
there of sons of kings and of chiefs and of many other fr*^ 
persons in addition. Ruaidhri, son qf Donnchadh, son of 
Eogan Ua Concobuir, was [then] made king by the Con- 
nachtmen. A hosting [was made after that] by William 
de Burgh into Sil-Muiredhaigh. O'Concobuir and the Con- 
nachtmen,with the exception of Mac Diarmata, made peace. 6 
Mac William [de Burgh] came into Magh-Luirg. Great 
preys were brought by them from Ath-in-chi^ and from 
Uachtair-tire and the whole country was burned and 
pillaged by them. They went from out the country after- 
wards. The same Ruaidhri was deposed by Mac Diarmata 7 
after that. Derborgaill, 8 daughter of Maghnus TJa Con- 
cobuir, died. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 7th feria, 15th of the moon], A.D. 
l?]. Toirdelbach, son of Aedh, son of Eogan [Ua 
Conchobair] was made king by the Connachtmen. Robert 
Bruce, king of Scotland, came to Ireland 2 along with many 
gallowglasses in aid of Edward, his brother, to expel the 
Foreigners from Ireland. Meyler de Exeter, lord of Ath- 


[1317] 1 /j/4=1317 of the 
A. L. C. 

2 Came to Ireland. Bruce, accord- 
ing to Clyn, came about Christmas, 

1316. But, having regard to Clyn's 
A.D. notation ([1327], note 4, infra), 
this does not exclude the beginning 
of 1317. 


Coral, mac "Oomnaill hlli Concobtiifi, an, bojiD "Ofioma- 
cliat> 7 "Oomnall, mac T^aiDj;, mic "Oomnaill 1njiaij\ *oo 
mafibaD ann 7 ceiqu pip Dec aib. Caiplen CCea-cliac- 
A68b in-conxmiD T>O bn.ipiiD. d "OonneaD hlla 2 | bniain, fii 
ITIuman, occippu'p eft:. Concot5un. d buife TTlas 'Gi^en- 
na[i]n, cai-pec 'Cellais-'DtineaDa, occipip ope immai-om 
Cille-moipe [7] TTIar^amain TTla^ "Ci^epnafijn 7 1 n 
illa pua-5, mac m CCipcinni 7 mopan aile T>'a 
ciniu-o 7 Wicol TTlac-m-lTlhaipfCTfi 7 mofion -o'a aicme. 
TH aiT>m Cille-moipe ap mac Uuai-opi n-^alloglac 


7 a|i 1Tlhtnnnnp-peoT)aca[i]n, 
mopan DO oainitS." TTIael-lfii \iuai> 

-D'GS. Hanall d mag Ragnailt T T>O at5ail 7 
i mhag Ragnaill, caifec T>O oenum T>e. d - 
mofi ifin blia-5ain fi.' 

1an.i.*p.*, [L b xx.ui. b ] CCnno"Oomini ni.ccc.x. u. oc 
111.] 1TlaiT)m d 1 n-ebt5 a|i ^allai!5 leif CefiGcnll, 
CC-oam TTlaifieiv 7 5 01 ^ 1T n < oa eile. d 
mop, DO cinol le TTlaelpuanais THac n-"0iafimaca 
7 if lac fo : 1*0011, ToipfiDelbac Concobinfi, pi Conn ace 
7 Concobuyi Ceallai%, |ii 0-THaine 7 Ual^apc 1 
Ruaipc, |ii Opeipne 7 - Comali:ac Ulac "OonncaiD.cisepna 
T!)hifie-hOilella, D'innfai|iD Carail, mic "Oomnaill, co 
pdvaD-coille. Ocup capgaD 2 Cacal coma-oa mopa *oo 
Tflac "Oia]imaca DO cum gan ceacc 011151 ooVcoi^'c ]in. e 

A.D. 1314 om., A. ' fmthat, B. 

A.D. 1315. !-& A. 3 -sai^ B. -om., A. " Blank space, A, B. 
1318, overhead, n. t. h., B. '''om., B. -om., A. 

3 Conchobur, etc. This item should 
follow the next. 

4 The Htrenay h. Namely, Mag 
Tighernain . 

6 Mac-in-maighistir. Son oj the 
master. ' ' This name is still extant 
in the co. Cavan, but generally 
anglicised Masterson ' (O D. iii. 

6 Mac Aedhaga[i\n." Tho beet 
learned in Ireland in the Brehon 
Lawe, in Irish called Fenochu- 
(Mageoghegan). Seethe Introduc- 
tion (p. x.) to the lithographed edi- 
tion of the Lebar Breac (Speckltd 
Book [of the Mac Egans]). 

7 Great dearth. Frumenti magna 
caritas : cranocas valebat 24s, 




lethan, was killed by Cathal, son of Domnall Ua Concobur [1317] 
on the border of Druim-cliabh and Domnall, son of Tadhg } 
son of Domnall [Ua Conchobair] of Irras and fourteen 
other persons were killed there. The Castle of the Hurdle- 
ford of the Weir was broken down. Donnchadh Ua 
Briain, king of Munster, was slain. Conchobur 3 Mag 
Tigherna[i]n the Tawny, chief of Tellach-Dunchadha, 
was slain in the defeat of Cell-mor and Mathgamain Mag 
Tigherna[i]n and the Red Gillie, son of the Here- 
nagh 4 and many more of his tribe and Nicholas Mac-in- 
maighistir 5 and many of his sept [were slain]. The defeat 
of Cell-mor [was inflicted] on the Gallowglass, son 
of Ruaidhri [Ua Ruairc] and on the Men of Breifni and 
on the Muinter-Peodacha[i]n, wherein fell a great 
number of persons. Mael-Isu Mac ^edhaga[i]n 6 the Red 
died. Raghnall Mag Raghnaill was taken prisoner and 
Geoffrey Mag Raghnaill was made chieftain. Great 
dearth 7 in this year. 

Kalends of Jan. on 1st feria, [26th of the*moon], A.D. [isis] 
1315^-lS]. Defeat 2 [was inflicted] in Eili on the 
Foreigners by O'Cerbhaill, where Adam de Marisco and 
many other Foreigners were killed. A great host was 
mustered by Maelruanaigh Mac Diarmata and these are 
[they who came] : to wit, Toirdelbach O'Concobuir, king 
of Connacht and Concobur O'Ceallaigh, king of Ui-Maine 
and Ual[gh]arc O'Ruairc, king of Breifoi and Tomaltach 
Mac Donnchaidh, lord of Tir-Oilella, to attack Cathal, son 
of Domnall [Ua Conchobair], to Fasadh-coille. And Cathal 
proffered large donatives to Mac Diarmata for the sake of 

avenae 18s, vinum 8d. Uni versa 
enim regio devastata a Scotis et 
TJltoniis (Grace, A.D. 1317). Fames 
irrationabilis prevaluit, adeo quod 
mensura tritioi de la Cronnock con- 
tinens 4 galones solvebatur pro 
xxiii. s (Bowling's Annals, 1317). 

[1318] i/j/J. The ferialnumber 
(1) proves that the true year is 

2 Defeat, etc. According to Clyn 
(1318), about two hundred of the 
force of Edmund Butler were slain 
by Donatus (Donough) O'Carroll. 



A 68c 

Ocuf ni 
fin co s 

ucrBa, 5up'innpai5e7>up na pocpai-Dea-oa 
nip'cime 7 nip r ceiceT> T>O 
Ccrcal apna 

lap a longpuipr 7 
Carauim m coipc ym 
amac" 7 ciimupcic ap a ceile. CCcc en ni, mapbtap 5 
Concofiup Ceatlai^, pi 0-TTlaine 7 bpian, mac Tx>ipp- 

il [ll]i ConcoBuip, aftbup pi Connacc 7 -oaine 
aib, eceji niafxCa^ 7 teara'5. Ccrcal cecna 
-D Connacc 7 T)O harfii^ao ToifinT)elbac 
ConcoBuifi. Ocuf T>O aB Caral ^1150 Connacc 7 DO pome 
cneca mopa nn, TTlac n-"Oiafimcrca- Sean, mac "Oom- 
naill hlli Meilt, T>O mapbaft le bCCe-o n-"0omnaitt. 
a Ctana T>O^. G^nBafiT) a Ofiiuif, 

nulln Gjienn co 6 coitcenn, erep 

7 ^hai-5elai!5, 

DO mapba^ te ^ a ^ a1 ^ 6fienn qae nepc cacai[c]i 03 
"Oun-"0eal5an. Ocuf -DO mayiba^ 'n-a -pocaip TTlac 
UuaiTDyii, pi Innp-^alt 7 TTlac "Oomnaill, pi CCep[r]ep- 
^nait>el, 7 map aen pe hap na n-CClbanac uime. Ocup 
111 T)epnaT> | o up T)omain gmm bu"D T^p T)'6ipinncaiB 
ma'n d pum pi"- d Uaip caimc gopca 7 T>IC -name 
pe [a] bnn a n-6pinn inle | co coiccenn pe d hea^ cpi m- 
bliattan co tec d 7 T>O iroip na -oaine a ceile ^an amupup 
ap ipw^ 6penn. Sepppaig hlla 8 TJep^ail, caipec na 
hCCn^aile, qnieuic in [Chpii>co]. Snecca mop ipin 
bliaf>ain pin. g 8eann pepgail'Domapba^'D'aen upctip 

A.D. 1316. Spi, A. 4 -5Uf, A. 
8 0, A. ' no or, B. * om., B. 

8 go,B- 


5 There teas not fear, etc. Mean- 
ing that it was not through dread 
of his foes, but to avoid bloodshed, 
the offer of Cathal had been made. 
Hence there is no warrant for 
Mageoghegan's : " which he seeing, 
having none other remedy, he tooke 
heart anew" 

* Killed. In Deny, according to 
the A. L. C. 

b De Clare. The battle (for an 
account of which, see Historical 
Memoir of the O'Brient by J. 
O'Donoghue, p. 126-7), we learn 
from Clyn, was fought on the 
morning of Thursday, May 11. 
This concurrence denotes 1318. 
The text is thus three years pre- 

Dun-Delgan. Dundalk. "The 



not coming against him on that expedition. And they 
were not accepted from him and those forces penetrated to 
the centre of his camp. And there was not fear 3 and there 
was not flight for Cathal respecting that expedition 
Cathal sallied from the houses forth and they engage with 
each other. But [for] one thing, Concbobhur O'Ceallaigb, 
king of Ui-Maine and Brian, son of Toirdelbach Ua Con- 
chobhuir, one fit to be king of Connacht, were killed and 
many other persons [were lost] both by killing and by 
wounding. The same Cathal invaded Connacht and 
Toirdelbach O'Concobhuir was deposed. And Cathal 
took the kingship of Connacht and made great forays 
on Mac Diarmata. John, son of Domnall Ua Neill, 
was killed 4 by Aedh O'Domnaill. Richard de Clare 5 was 
killed. Edward Bruce, the destroyer of Ireland in 
general, both Foreigners and Gaidhil, was killed by the 
Foreigners of Ireland by dint of fighting atDun-Delgan. 6 
And there were killed in his company Mac Ruaidhri, king 
of Insi-Gall [Hebrides] and Mac Domnaill, king^of Airthir- 
Gaidhil [Argyle], together with slaughter of the Men of 
Scotland around him. And there was not done 7 from the 
beginning of the world a deed that was better for the Men 
of Ireland than that deed. For there came dearth and 
loss of people duing his time in all Ireland in general for 
the space of three years and a half and people undoubtedly 
used to eat each other throughout Ireland. Geoffrey 
O'Ferghail, chief 8 of the Anghaile, rested in Christ. 
Great snow in that year. John O'Ferghail was killed by 
one shot of an arrow [by his own son 9 ]. 


battle was fought near the hill of 
Faughard, within two miles of 
Dundalk, and the natives still point 
out the spot where he [Edward 
Bruce] fell" (O'D. iii. 520). 

The date is accurately determined 
by the criteria in Clyn : " 1318 on 
the feast of blessed Calixtus, Pope 

and Martyr [Oct. 14], on the morn- 
ing of Saturday." 

7 There was not done, etc. For 
the opposite view, see Gilben, 
Viceroys, p. 14" sq. 

3 Chief. For tsix and thirty years, 
according to the A. L. C. 

9 By son. From the A. L. C. 



Ian. [11. " p., I- un-*], CCnno "Domini m. ccc. x. ob 
ui. c [-ix.] 6nni TYlac-in-Cnofain, efpuc Rara-bor, in 
Chnifco' 1 qtiieinr.' 1 7x>map , mac Cajimaic nth "OonmaiU, 
abb Off a-ptiai-o, T>O oa[-&] cum efpucoi-oe Rara-bor. 
Gfpuc "Ooifie in Chjiiftx> quieuic. 6fpuc Clocain. in* 
Chfiifco quieuiT;. d Gfpuc Cluana - pence - bfienainn 
quietnc d m [Chn.ifco d ]. CCme,* ingen TTlic "Dianmara, 
ben TTlic Con[Sh]nama,quieuicin [Chfiipco"]. TToTnatcac* 
TTlael-bfienamn 7 Gcmapcac THac bpanain, caifec 
Cojico-CCclann, T)O manba-5 a cede.' bana[i]n, efpiic 
, -o'eg.' bnian, ITIac "Oomnaitl b[U]i tJeiU^-oo 
le Cla[i]nn-CCe < Da-bui p De. 

"(Cal. 1an. [in.* p., t. x.uin. a ], CCnno "Domini m. ccc.x. 
uii. ob [-xx.] Coinne mon. ecef Carat Concobui|i 7 
TTlaelfuanaig 1Tlac."OiapmaT:a : fir T>O tienuni T>oit5 7 
cam ic TTlac "Diapmara upnn. iaf fin. pealt "DO oenum 
T>o['n] Coral cerna d afi TTlac n-*Diafimara 1 1 TTIiitlac- 
T)on.ab|iuc 7 a gaBait ann 7 St 100116 - ingen TTlic TTla|;nufa 
a ben, *oo ^abail 'fin lo cecna 1^ pof.c CalaD-na-caipp. 
Ocuf 7)0 lomainse-o m rifie uile. Ocuf e for* ^^ sabai) 
T>onn TTlac CCe-Da^atijii 7 a mac' 7* "Comalrac 

A.D. 1316. b .3C. was omitted at first and put overhead afterwards in 
paler ink, B. c 1319, overhead, n. t. h., B. <* qmeuic m [ChyiifcoJ, B. 
^om., B. ' lection of d-d, B. 

A.D. 1317. 1 a, B. 2 a,A. Blank space, A; none left in B. 
b 1320, overhead, n. t. b. (The correction is made in this place, except 
at 1335, by the same hand at each year down to 1373(=1378), where the 
misdating ends. ), B. ^om., B. d Concobuijx O Conchobuir, B. The 
words were necessary (in consequence of the omission of the previous 
entry) to identify Cathal. M pof 7, B. "Placed (with ocuf and 
prefixed) after Tifie-hOilella, B. om., B. 

[1319] '/J/6 = 1S19 of the 
A. L. C. 

2 Bishop ofDoire Hugh O'Neill, 
1316-1319 (Ware, Bishops, p. 289). 

3 Clochar. This obit is omitted 
in the A. L. C and Four Master . 

It may have reference to the sub- 
ject of the seventh entry of this 

4 Cluain-ferta. Gregory O'Brogy, 
1308-1319 (Ware, 16., p. 639). 

*Echmarcach. He died of his 



Kalends of Jan. [on 2nd feria, 7th of the moon], A.U. [1319] 

IO]. Henry Mac-in-Crosain, bishop of Rath-both, 
rested in Christ. Thomas, son of Corraac Ua Domnaill. 
abbot of Ess-raadh, was chosen to the bishopric of Rath- 
both. The bishop of Doire 2 rested in Christ. The bishop 
of Clochar 3 rested in Christ The bishop of Cluain-ferta 4 
of [St.] Brenann rested in Christ. Aine, daughter of Mac 
Diarmata, wife of Mac Con[Sh]nama, rested in Christ. 
Tomaltach O'Mael-Brenainn and Echraarcach 5 Mac Bra- 
nain, chief of Corco-Achlann, killed each other. O'Ba- 
na[i]n, 6 bishop of Oirghialla [Clogher], died. Brian, son 
of Domnall Ua Neill, was killed by the Clann-Aedha- 
buidhe. 7 

Kalends of Jan. [on 3rd feria, 18th of the moon,] A.D. [i320Bif-.i 
ISIT^-SO]. A great meeting between Cathal O'Concho- 
buir and Maelruanaigh Mac Diarmata : peace was made 
between them and Mac Diarmata came into the country 
after that. Deception was [nevertheless] prac^sed by the 
same Cathal on Mac Diarmata in Mullach-Dorabruch and 
he was taken prisoner there and Graine, 2 daughter of Mac 
Maghnusa, his wife, was taken prisoner on the same day 
at the landing-place of the Ferry of the Rock. And the 
country was laid bare completely. And moreover Mael- 
Isu Mac Aedhaga[i]n the Brown and his son and Tomal- 

wounds within three days 
(A. L. C.). 

6 0'Band[i~\n. His Christian 
name, according to Ware, was 
Gelasius. If so, he may have been 
the Gelasius, elect of Clogher, 
whom the primate, Roland de 
Jorse, was charged with having 
confirmed and consecrated, whilst 
Roland lay under sentence of ex- 
communication (Theiner, p. 223). 

7 Clann-Aedha-buidhe. Clan of 
Hugh [O'Neill] the Tawny, angli- 
cised Clannaboy. 

[1320] 1 7j/7=1320 of the 
A. L. G. 

2 Graine. "And also took 
Graine . . . whom he found stay- 
ing for a boat, to pass over into the 
Island of Carrick Logha Ke [Rock 
of Lough Ce'J," Mageoghegan. 


cctiNOtcc ulcroti. 


TTlac T)onncaiT>, nepna "Cin.e-hOilella 7 puanxroup. 
monan h -o'tilc. TTlon., m^en Ui baifrll, 3 ben h[U]i 
pen^ail, T>'ec. 4 TTlcrc^amam, canupci bfiiam, quieuic 
111 [Chfiipco]. 

]Cat. 1an. [u." p., I- xx.ix.',] CCnno "Domini TY1. 
x.uiii. ol) [-xx.i. ] 5p.aine, ingen Tffic 1 TT)anupa, 
TTlin5i-luiri5, c ben TT)aelp.uanai| TYlic *Oi an.m oca, -0*65 
RuaiTn.i, mac "Oonnca'oa, n.i Connacc, T>O ina^baT) le 
Ccrcal, mac CCe-oa 2 hlli Concobuip. Cafifiacc Loca-Ce 
DO tea^aT) te Coral Concobtnii. TTla^nuf hOCntuai'n 
oo ^alta-5 ta Niall n-CCnluain. "Nialt hCCnlucmv 
A esd pi Oififilrefi, T)O mafiba-o -DO ^ a ^ a1 ^ T)inn-T)eal5an i 
me^ait. TTlaiT)m c mo[i -DO cabaific T>O CCn-opiii TDac 
pheojiaif 7 -DO ^ a ^ a1 ^ na tTli-oe a|\ macaiB 1x15 0- 
pail^i. bo-Die mofi af\ c putf G|ienn d uile co coiccenn. d 

B 68d ]CaL 1an. [in." p., t. x.,"] CCnno *Oomini TT1 ccc. x. ix. b 
[-xx- 11.] Co^ai) mop. ecep fii Saxan 7 a 1anlaT>a. 
TTlaca hGoraig, efpuc CCp-o-aca-D, quieuic m ['D pen^ail, raifec na hCCn^aile, T>O 
le 8eoan pefigail, le mac a oefibparafi. TTluin.cen.cac c 
hUa "Pe|iail T>O mayiba-o le [a] bpacaip.'pein pof 'pin lo 
cecna. "Oonnca'5, mac 'Donnea'oa TTlic "Diaiamara, 
quieuic m [Chfiipco]. 5 1 ^ 1 ^ )e I lc Ceallaig, fu 0- 
ITIaine, "o'eg (i d No[i]n CCuguipc* 1 ). 6nni TTlac ^illi- 

A.D. 1317. 3 t)ui , B. 4 ~5, A. h mop., much (adjective used as sub- 
stantive), B. 

A.D. 1318. 1 TTIe5, A. 2 GCor>a, B. -bl. [blank space], A, B. b 1321, 
B. "-"cm., B. ^i Ti-&jiinn in blicrocnn m Ireland this year, B. 

A.D. 1319. **bl., A, B. * 1322, B. om., B. r. m., t. h., B ; om., A. 

3 Mathgamain. Son of Doranall, 
and grandson of the Domnall 
O'Brien who died 1194, supra. 

4 Rested in Christ. The A. L. C. 
state he was slain by the Clan- 
Cuilen (Mac Namaras). 

[1321] 1 /?/ = 1321 of the 
A. L. C. 

2 Graine. Mentioned in the last 
entry but two of the preceding 

3 The Sock. See 1187, note 1 

4 Cathal.Son of Domnall. He 
was slain in [1324], infra. 



tach Mac Donnchaidh, lord of Tir-Oilella, were captured [1320] 
and received much injury. Mor, daughter of Ua Baighill, 
wife of Ua Fergail, died. Mathgamain 3 O'Briain, tanist 
of the O'Briains, rested in Christ. 4 

Kalends of Jan. [on 5th feria, 29th of the raoon], A.U. [1321] 
1318 1 [-21]. Graine, 2 daughter of Mac Maghnusa, queen 
of Magh-Luirg, wife of Maelruanaigh Mac Diarmata, died- 
Ruaidhri, son of Donnchadh [Ua Conchobair], king of 
Connacht, was killed by Cathal, son of Aedh Ua Concobuir. 
The Rock 3 of Loch-Ce was razed by Cathal 4 O'Con- 
chobuir. Maghnus O'hAnluain was blinded 5 by Niall 
O'hAnluain. Niall O'hAnluain, king of the Oirrthir, was 
killed by the Foreigners of Dun-Delgan in treachery. 
A great defeat 6 was given by Andrew Mac Feorais 
[Birmingham] and by the Foreigners of Meath to the sons 
of the kings of Ui-Failghi. Great cow destruction 
throughout all Ireland in general. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 6th feria, 10th of themoon], A.D. [1322] 
1319 1 [-22]. Great war 2 between the king of the Saxons 
and his Earls. Matthew O'hEothaigh, bishop of Ard- 
achadh, rested in Christ. Murchadh O'Ferghail, chief of 
the Anghaile, was killed by John O'Ferghail, [namely] 
by the son of his brother. Muircertach O'Ferghail was 
killed by his own brother likewise on the same day. 
Donnchadh, son of Donnchadh Mac Diarmata, rested in 
Christ. Gilbert O'Ceallaigh, king of Ui-Maine, died on 
the None [5th] of August. Henry Mac Gille-Finnein, 

5 Blinded. On the Wednesday in 
Holy Week (A. L. (7.). 

6 Great Defeat. Circa festum 
Philippi et Jacobi [Ma. 1] occidun- 
tur de O'Konchours circa 300 in 
confinio Midie et Lagenie per 
Andream de Brimegham (Clyn, 
A.D. 1321). 

[1322] 1 7?7p = 1322 of the 
A. L. G. 

2 Great war. This belongs to 
1322, when Edward II. crushed the 
barons by the capture and decapi- 
tation of Lancaster. Clyn says the 
Earl was beheaded on Monday 
[March 22], the morrow [of the 



phinnein, caipee tT)uinnceni-peo-oaca[i]n, -DO manba-o 
DO clainn OCmlaim TTlej; Ui^ip. bapun c Hlac peojiaip 
"oeg. Uilliam liar, mac Uilliam moin, -co 1 ecc. 1 

ICaL 1an. an. p., [L'xx.i.*], CCnno "Domini m. ccc.xx. ob 
[-111.] Cainpni Tnaelf-Shleclainn 1 occipup ere. 

8eoimn c pen^ait -DO mq\bcr5 -DO damn Sbeoam [U]i 
Pepsail, heagna -DO mujibcrfe -DO hUa Connmaca[i]n 
in blia-oam pin." 

jCaL. 1an. i.p., (V ii.], CCnno "Oomini 171. ccc. xx. i. b 
[-1111.] Uitliam OtlpQi mac Uitliam moip, 
1n bcroic cecna ayi put; Ojienn, i-oon, 
Coral, mac "Oomnaitl, mic 'Gai'Dg, mic bfiiain, mic 
CCnnfiiaf, mic Ofiiam Luignic, mic Toiiifif>elbai5 moifi, 
iT)on, pi Conn ace, aen -mime ip e beo^a 7 bu^' mo ainup 
7 cupcufi -DO bi i 2 n-aen aimpifi pip, -DO* Le 
"'oelbac Concobuifi 7 te ConnaccaiB ap.cena 7 
mael-8eclanin, mac 'Coipfi-oelbaig hUi "Oomnailt 7 
^lUa-Cfupr: 05 TDac "Oonncai-5 T)o g mapba-5 ann g 7 -oaine 
inroa aili. 3 "Coi^'oelbac (mac h CCet>a, mic 6oam h ) blla 4 
Concobuip, -00 gabait |ii|i Connacc. Rapiall' 65 TTIa^ 
Ragnaill, caipec TTIuinncefii-heolaip, TX> mafiba-5. 1 

A.D. 1319. ^-o'eg, A. om., B. 

A.D. 1320. iTTlaeib-, B. bl^ A, B. M323, B. ~om., B. 

A.D. 1321. 1 TTlol-, A. 2 a, B. 11., B ; eile, A. 4 tith (gen.), A; 
O, B. "bl., B ; none left in A. b 1324, B. r. m., t. h., A ; itl., t. h., B. 
d om., A. \xi(that) was, B. ' a Aw, B. -Kom., A. h ' h itl., t.h., A ; 
om., B. '-'om., B. 

feaet] of St. Benedict, 1321-2. 
For the others hanged and drawn, 
see ib, 

3 Sons By his brothers, Loch- 
lainn and Robert, according to the 
A. L. C. 

* Died. In the beginning of 
Autumn (Cljn). 

[1323] '/j*o = 1323 of the 
A. L. C. 

2 Cairpri. King of Meath ; slain 

treacherously by O'Mulloy (chief 
of Fir-cell, King's co.), Four Mast. 

3 Ua Connmaca[i]n. "The name is 
still extant in the district of Bally- 
croy, co. Mayo, and is now gene- 
rally anglicised Conway " (O'D. 
iii. 528-9). 

[1324] 1 /j^/ = 1324 of the 
A. L. C. 

- William, etc. A repetition of 
the final obit of [1322], tupra. 



chief of Muinter-Peodacha[i]n, was killed by the sons 3 of [1322] 
Amlam Mag Uidhir. The Baron [Richard] Mac Feorais 
[Birmingham] died. 4 William [de Burgh] the Grey, son 
of William Mor, died. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 7th feria, 21st of the moon], A.D. [1323] 
1320 x [-3]. Cairpri 2 0'Mael[-Sh]eclainn was slain. 
Jenkin O'Fergail was killed by the sons of John O'Fergail. 
O'hEaghra was killed by Ua Connmaca[i]n 3 in that 

Kalends of Jan. on 1st feria [2nd of the moon], A.D. [1324BiB.] 
1321 1 [-4]. William 2 de Burgh, son of William Mor, 
died. The same 3 cow-destruction (namely, the Mael- 
domnaigh 4 ) [prevailed] throughout Ireland. Cathal, son 
of Domnall, son of Tadhg, son of Brian, son of Andrew, 
son of Brian of Luighni, son of Toirdhelbach Mor [Ua 
Conchobair], king of Connacht, 5 the person the most active 
and of most goodness and success tha,t was in the same 
time with him, was killed by Toirdhelbach O'Conchobuir 
and by the Connachtmen likewise. And Mael-echlainn, 
son of Toirdhelbach Ua Domnaill and Gilla- Crist Mac 
Donnchaidh junior and many other persons were killed 
there. Toirdhelbach (son of Aedh, son of Eogan) Ua 
Concobuir took the kingship of Connacht. Raghnall 6 
Mag Raghnaill junior, chief of Muinter-Eolais, was 

Clyn states lie died on Septuage- 
tsima [Sunday, Feb. 11], 1323-4: 
he true date, judging from the 
precision of the diurnal notation. 

3 Same. Mentioned in the last 
entry of [1321], supra. 

4 Mael-domnaigh. The meaning 
of this word in connection with a 
murrain is unknown to me. (The 
literal sense is devotee of Sunday.) 

Item, hoc anno, scilicet 1324, 
f uit pestis gravis houm et vaccarum 
in multia locis Hibernie (Clyn). 

Fuit pestis communis vaccarum 
et etiam aliorum animalium, quae 
dicebatur in Hibernia Maldow- 
[naigh?] (Annal. Rossen., A.D. 

It may accordingly be concluded 
that there is a prolepsis of three 
years in the textual date. 

6 King of Connacht. Since[1318], 

6 RaghnaU, etc. Omitted in the 
A. L. C. ; given in the Four 



A69a |CaL1an. (in.'p, t x.m.'), CCnno "Domini TT1. ccc. xx," 
n. ob [-u.] "Domnall, mac bpiain htli Neilt, pi "Cipe- 
h6o5ain, quieuic in [Clipipco]. ^\\Jia-C]^^c c 
TTlac "Oiapmaca T>'ej;. "Oiapmaic Tnail-bpenaint), 
caifec Ctainne-Concobuifi, quieuic in [ChfUfW*].* Cu- 
Ula-5, mac "Oomnuilt, mic bpiain h[U]i Meill, oeaT>bup 
aip*opi5 6penn,T>o mapb-t-n te macaiB MeiLl, mic bpiain. 
*Oepbpaaip pein a aap pun. 1n bo"Dic ceiwa 1 1 n-6pinn 
ajnif. d bfiian ^^T 101 ^uieuic m [ChfUfCo].* 

B69a ]caL 1an. [1111. p. a , t. xx.nn.,*] CCnno "Oomini TTI. ccc. 
xoc. in. ob [-ui.] UifDa^T) a bunc, lapla lllaf* (an c c- 
tiua^ c ), aen tia^u 1 5 a ^ 7 ^a^et e^ienn, -o'ej; 
mop. ecep pi d 8axan 7 pi ppanc. d tuipinc 
Laccna[i]n, eppuc Oil-pinn, quieuic m [Chptfco]. 
Tnaipfcep" 8eoan pinacca T>O TX>5a[-5] cum na 
coiT>e cecna. 6 

1an. [u.* p, t u., a ] CCnno "Oomim TH. ccc. xx. 
iiii. ob [-uii.] Coga-o 1 mop ecep pi 8axan 7 a ben pein, ingen 
pig 2 Ppain^c 7 pi Saxan o'acpi^a'b le 7 a mac pem TO 
gaBail a n-agai'o a auap cpe popgall a ma^a]^ moil, na 
pigna 7 copom pi% 7>o cabaipc Wn mac cecna cpe 

A.D. 1322. 1 a, A. *U., A, B. b 1325, B. <=-om., B. d Beof still, B. 
A.D. 1323. Vosa.B. 2 Ca , A. -bl., A, B. b !326, B. <~1. m., 
t h., B ; om., A. d-d p.i Vixang 7 p.i Saxan, B. M om., B. 

A.D. 1324. J Ca ,A. "yxi, B. 8 0,A. -bL, A, B. " 1327, B. 

[1325] l Jj22=13'2. : j of the 
A. L. C. 

* Rested in Christ. At Lough 
Laeghaire (bar. of Clogher, co. 
Tyrone), according to the Four 

3 One arch-king. Literally, ex- 
cellent material of an arch-king. 

4 Thf. same. Mentioned in the 
second entry of the previous year. 

[1326] > 1323 1326 of the 
A. L. C. 

3 De Burgh. According to the 
eulogistic obit in Clyn, he died on 
the Tuesday [July 29] before St 
Peter ad Vincula [Aug. 1J, 1326. 
This is confirmed by the date, Aug. 
5, a. r. Ed. II. 20, of the writs 
issued respecting the goods and 
chattels of the deceased Earl. (/. 
note, p. 102-3.) The textual date 
is thus three years too early. 

8 It'ar. Declared by Edward II. 
against Charles le Bel on account 



Kalends of Jan. [on 3rd feria, 13th of the moon], A.D. [1325] 
1322 1 [-5]. Domnall, son of Brian Ua Neill, king of Tir- 
Eogairi, rested in Christ. 2 Gilla-Crist Mac Diarmata, 
the Cleric, died. Diarmait O'Mael-Brenainn, chief of 
Clann-Concobuir, rested in Christ. Cu-Uladh, son of 
Domnall, son of Brian Ua Neill, one full worthy to be 
arch-king 3 of Ireland, was killed by the sons of Niall, son 
of Brian. That [man, Cu-Uladh, was] the brother of 
their father. The same 4 cow-destruction [prevailed] in 
Ireland again. Brian O'Gadhra rested in Christ. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 4th feria, 24th of the moon], A.D. [1326] 
ISSJS^-G]. Richard de Burgh, 2 Earl of Ulster (the Red 
Earl), unique choice of the Foreigners and Gaidhil of 
of Ireland, died. Great war 3 between the king of the 
Saxons and the king of the French. Lawrence O'Lacht- 
na[i]n, 4 bishop of Oil-finn, rested in Christ. Master John 
O'Finachta was chosen to the same bishopric. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 5th feria, 5th of the moon], A.D. [1327] 
1324 1 [-7]. Great war 2 between the king of the Saxons 
and his own wife, 3 the daughter of the king of the French 
and the king of the Saxons was deposed by her and her 
own son was accepted against his father through sugges- 
tion of his mother, namely, of the queen and the royal 
crown was given 4 to the same son through advice 5 of the 

of the invasion of Guienne and de- 
tention of his queen and of the heir 

4 G 1 ' Lachtna[i]n. On the transla- 
tion of Malachy to Tuam ([1312], 
note 2, supra), the Dean and 
Chapter of Elphin postulated 
Lawrence, priest and canon. He 
was appointed bishop by Clement 
V., (Avignon) Jan. 21, 1313. On 
Feb. 1 8, he was empowered to con- 
tract a loan of 1,000 gold florins 
and receive consecration from any 

archbishop or bishop he should 
choose, assisted by two or more 
bishops. (Theiner, p. 187.) 

[1327] 1 IJ24= 1327 of the 
A. L. C. 

2 Great war. The " war " (the 
invasion of the queen and the flight 
and capture of Edward) took place 
in 1326. It is mentioned to render 
what follows intelligible. 

3 Wife. Isabella, daughter of 
Philip le Bel. 

4 Was given. To Edward III. 





comainli Shaxan- 5onmlai, c in|;ean THic Thafimaca, 
monrtia e^c. plaicbenrac TTlas UIDIJI, fu pefi-TTlanac, 
mopruup efr. TTlail[-8h]ectainn htla 8 planna^a[i]n, 
caipec "Cuaici-fiaea, DO mapbaD te n-a!> pem. 
6r>u15an.T>, fii 8axan, an. m-buam a n.i|e -oe, mofrcuup epc. 
galain. bfiic an. put; 6fienn uile. penpal, mac 
hUi Huaipc, T>e-- A Cuiten hUa 

1an. [ui. a p., t. x.ui.*], CCnno "Domini TT1. ccc. xax 

u. ob [-uin. ] TTlael-Seclainn 


a, -DO gabail 7 -DO toe -DO 

a puaftucut) 1 afi bfiaiT)iB 7 a eg 'n-a ci pein T)'a 
. 5|iian, | mac 'Comalcaig Tflic "Oonncai-o, TX> 
T>o bfiian, mac "Caittg. "Coipnec 7 ceinncec 
ant5ail i^in bbaTam fin, sup'miUe-DUfi cofuro 7 a|ibanna 
e|ienn,cofiabaT)U^pnna paf. TeiT)m d 5alaip. coiccinn an. 
puc Ofienn uile.ftipi n-abai|icea 8 1 a e *o a n, fie heft cfii la 
no cecaifi an gac nee, 5U[i'ba canaipci baipe. ^illa-na- 
nain^el "Caicli^, aincmnec "Oam-mnp, monruup epc. d 

1ma|i Tllag Ragnaitl, caifec THuinnTnpe-heotu[i]p, 
occifup epc. 8an. hGoan TTlac pheofiaip, lapla LulbaiD, 
m c-aen ^all \io bo beo-oa 7 fiob' pefifi einec 2 7 d egnom 11 
DO bi 1 n-6nmn, DO aji e n-Denum peilte D'a 

A.D. 1324. c The order in B is : e-oubajvo ptaicbervcac ttlaeileclaitin 

'goyimlaic. d mop.cuup epc, B. M om., B. 

A.D. 1325. ^cro, A. a -eac, A. bl., A, B. b 1328, B. c caiTlftl 
(pi. of the word in A), B, >* oai.,B. -oia muirmcifi fern a i^U by las 
own people in treactiery, B. 

He was crowned, according to Clyn, 
on Sunday [Feb. 1], the vigil of 
the Purification [Feb. 2], 1326(= 
1327. The Dominical Letter was 
changed in Clyn's Annals ou Jan. 
1 ; the A.D. notation on the ensuing 
March 25). 

6 Ad vice. This and the colourless 
obit of Edward II. (infra) would 
seem to show that the compiler 
was in favour of Isabella. 

6 Gormlaith. Married (A. L. C. 
and Mageoghegan) first to Manus 
O'Conor, tanist of Connanght ; 
next, to O'Kelly of Hy-Many ; 
thirdly, to O'Hara (of Leyny, co. 

7 Died. According to Clyn (who 
employs the misleading obiiC), on 
the feast of SS. Eustachius and 
Companions [Sept. 20] next follow- 
ing his deposition. That the death 



Saxons. Grormlaith, 6 daughter of Mac Diarmata, died. [1327] 
Flaithbertach Mag Uidhir, king of Fir-Manach, died. 
Mael[-Sh]echlainn Ua Flannaga[i]n, chief of Tuath-ratha, 
was killed by his own kinsmen. Edward [II.], king of 
the Saxons, after his kingship was taken from him, died. 7 
A plague of small-pox 8 [prevailed] throughout all 
Ireland. Fergal, son of Ual[gh]arg Ua Ruairc, died. 
Cuilen Ua Dimasaigh died. Sadhbh, daughter of Mac 
Aedhaga[i]n, died. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 6th feria, 16th of the moon], A.D. [i328Bis,] 
1325^-S]. Mael-Sechlainn O'Kaighillaigh, king of 
Muinter-Mailmordha, was taken prisoner and injured 
by the Foreigners of Meath. And he was liberated for 
hostages and died in his own house of his wounds. Brian> 
son of Tomaltach Mac Donnchaidh, was killed by Brian, 
son of Tadhg [Mac Donnchaidh]. Excessive thunder and 
lightning in that year, so that they injured the fruit and 
crops of Ireland, until 2 they were quite witkered. A 
plague of general disease throughout all Ireland, which 
was called a Cold: 3 for the space of three days or four 
[it continued] on each person, so that he was nigh unto 
death. Gilla-na-naingel O'Taichligh, herenagh of Daim- 
inis, died. Imar Mag Raghnaill, chief of Muinter- 
Eolu[i]s,was slain. Sir John Mac Feorais [Birmingham 4 ], 
Earl of Lughbaidh, the one Gaidhel the [most] spirited 
and best of generosity and prowess that was in Ireland, 

was violent became known in Ire- 
land at the time. The Annals of 
Clonmacnoise (Mageoghegan) state 
"he was pressed to death by press- 
ing a great table on his belly . . 
with many other tortures." 

8 Small-pox. Literally, speckled 
disease ("pied pox, or little pox," 
Mageoghegan). " Throughout the 
province of Connaught, 

byieccc means the small-pox; but 
in the south of Ireland, where 
botgac is used to denote the small- 
pox, 5ccla^ bfieac is used to denote 
the spotted fever " (O'D. iii. 537). 
[1328] ! 7^^5=1328 of theA.L. C. 

2 Until, etc. Literally, until they 
were white [and] empty. 

3 Cold. Namely, the Influenza. 

4 Birmingham. Slain, according 

444 ccwicclcc ulcroT). 

TYitnnnnp. pein cnfV TTlofian' 7>o ^aM-aiD* 7"00 5aiT>elai15 
main[B] g T>O mafiba-o pop h afi m laaifi cetna. 1n f Caec 
TTlac Cefibaill, iT>on,' TTlaelpuanail, 1 aen luc^a cimpanac 
Grienn 7 CClban 7 m -Domain uile j d m -oefibcafia leicei-o 
DO tecc fiiam o rup -Domain fiipin etcr5ain pin, d a* 
pein d 7 *oe]ibficrcaifi mai eile -oo d op. m lacaifi cerna.' 
TTlui|iir 5 1 ^ ea ^- a [ 1 ] n a^'ornaisifnp. Gpenn a n-T>li5it> 
nua 7 a fein -oli^t), a Canoin 7 a Lex, pellfam pefa d 7* 
eolaif, 1 rcn d n-'oana 7 n-ogmotvacra 7 etcroan miDa aiLe, d 
Cananac coficro 1 'Cuaim-'Da-sualann 7 1 n-Oil-pinn 7 1 
n-CCcccD-Conaiyie 7 1 Cill-ala'o 7 1 n-eanac-DUin 7 1 
B69b , Cluam-peiica; OippT>fet 7 | bjieiihrn coiccenn na 
haiji-oefpucoi-oe, quieuic m [Cbfiifco]. 'Comap TTlel- 
eppuc eanaic-T)Uin,mofiT:uuf efci Cuific m 3 phapa. 
mac Txnrijvoetbais bill Concobuifi, occifup efc 
la "Diafunaic n-^crbfia 1 me^ml Coim>e d mop ecep 

a bup.c 7 ^ilbbepc TTlac Soifoelb" -oo'n T>-afia 
c 7 TTlaelpuanai TTI ac"0ia|im 01:07 "Com atcac, a mac 
7 "Comalcac TTlac "Oonncai-o 7 Tnuinnce]vTTlaitpuanai5 
aficena Wn le eile, paCC6-cinn-Loca- / CeiceD.--bfieifim 
Tnarma afi TTlac Uilli am D'aji'mafibaf) Ofiian, mac 
le [a] bfiacaifi fem a n -"01501 1 bfiiain, mic 
TTlic "OonncaiT>, "DO mapB m pe^ cecna. TTloiifliiai5e p 5 le 
hlajila ULaf) 7 le 'Goifijv&elbac Concobuifi, fii Connacc 
7 le TTli|icepcac m-b^iiam, fii TTluman, 1 11-0501-0 

[U]i bfiiain. TTlai-om le bfiian rn-bpiain, -ou 

3 an, A. f Ocufend prefixed, B. ailib oMr added, B. & om. 
B. l-l 1. m., t. h., B. J -DO (the verbal particle), B. k Ocu^ -oeiibfiacaip, 
men* cole TK> ma|ibcr6 i n-a pocaijx and atwther good brother teas killed 
along with him added, B. (The reading is a scribal alteration of the A 
text.) ! ocuf innclecccc and of intelligence added, B. 

to Clyn, on the vigil of Pentecost 
and of St. Barnabas the Apostle, 
1 329. These criteria are accurate : 
Easter (XIX. A), AprU 23 ; Pente- 
cost, June 1 1 (feast of St. Barnabas) . 

Two of his brothers, nine of his 
name and over 160 retainers fell on 
the occasion (id. ). 

8 Blind. Of an eye. Vocatus 
Cam O'Kyrwyll, quia luscus erat, 



\*as killed by his own people practising treachery upon 
him. Many of the foreigners and of the Gaidhil were 
killed in the same place likewise. The Blind 5 Mac Cer- 
bail, namely, Maelruanaigh, the most choice timpanist 6 of 
Ireland and of Scotland and of the whole world and it 
is not verified that an equal to him in that art ever came 
from the beginning of the world was killed, and another 
good brother of his [was killed] on the same spot. 
Maurice O'Gibillain, arch-master of Ireland in new juris- 
prudence and in old jurisprudence, [i.e.] in the Canon and in 
the Civil Law, one eminent in wisdom and knowledge, 
professor of poetry and Ogmic and many other arts, canon 
chorister in Tuaim-da-ghualann and in Oil-finn and in 
Achad-Conaire and in Cell-aladh and in Enach-duin and 
in Cluian-ferta ; Official and general judge of the arch- 
bishopric, rested in Christ. Thomas O'Mellaigh, bishop 
of Enach-duin, died in the court of the Pope. Tadhg, 
son of Toirdelbach Ua Concobuir, was slain by Diarmaifc 
O'Gadhra in treachery. A great meeting between Walter 
de Burgh and Gilbert Mac Goisdelbh of the one side and 
Maelruanaigh. Mac Diarmata and Tomaltach, his son and 
Tomaltach Mac Donnchaidh and the Muinter-Mail- 
ruanaigh besides of the other side, near the Ford of the 
Head of Loch-Teiched. Defeat was inflicted on Mac 
William, wherein was killed Brian, son of Tadhg [Mac 
Donnchaidh] by his own kinsman, in revenge of Brian, 
son of Tomaltach Mac Donnchaidh, whom the same man 7 
killed. A great hosting by the Earl of Ulster and by 
Toirdhelbach O'Concobuir, king of Connacht and by 
Muircertach O'Briain, king of Munster, -against Brian Ua 


nee habebat oculos rectos, sed 
oblique respiciens (Clyn, 1329). 

6 Most choice timpanist. Lite- 
rally, unique choice of the timpanist. 
Thus amplified by Clyn (i'6.) : Et 
si iion fuerat artis musice cordalis 

primus inventor, omnium tamen 
predecessorum et precedentium 
ipsum et contemporaneorum correc- 
tor, doctor et director extitit. 

7 Same man. That is, Brian, son 
of Tadhg. 


inap'mapbo-5 Concobup bpiain, -oeSa-obup pi epenn 
ap fceilft j ap nftmical, maille pe ceirpi pen 15, ecep 
A 69c mai 7 paic. d CCine, mgen 4 phep^ail | hlli Raiilli^, 
ben Tomalrai^ TTIic"OiapmaT:a, mopcuaepc. ^Donnca-D 11 
^all, mac "Oomnaill 1 " bill Concobtnp, T>O mapbaii la 
hOCer>, mac "CaiDg, mic TTIa^nupa.' 1 

]Cal. 1an. [1.* -p., I. axr.un.*],CCnno "Oommi TT1. ccc." xx. 

ui. ob [-ix.] Coral, mac "Oomnaill hUi Huaific, cenncro- 
bup pi^ bfieipie, mac pi^ if no^muifie 7 ip gmmaia T>O 
bi -DO b[ieipnecai15, c T>O majiba^ -DO tiallait> 1 pell 7 
oaine aili. 1 nfluipceficac, mac "Oomnaill, mic "Cai-Dg 
hUi Concobuin, r;i5epna Caifipni 7 Cal|iaii, macam na 
mac 1115, monmiur efc. TDabug -oonn TTlac Uilbam, 
piT)ipe monxx)nai5, quieuic m [Chfiifco]. Caga-D ecep, 
ToifipDelbac htla Ck>ncobui|i 7 rnuinncin.-mailfuianai5. 
Carol, mac CCeT>a, mic Oojain, DO -DICUTI afiei^m apna 
pe-DoiB 7 a "Ciji-TTlaine cfie -pofi^oll baiceji a bunc ap, 
Clainn-Ceallai5. "Ca-og, mac "Coiyifvoelbail; TTlic TTlac- 
gamna [moficiiup efc]. CCusufcm, ab, mon,cuuf efc pfiiT>ie ]Calen'o 

]CaU" 1an. [n.' p.," I. ix. a ], CCnno "Domini TT1. ccc. acx. 
un. ob [-XXX. ] TTlo^nuf, mac CCeTa bneipnig hlh Conco- 
buifi, T>o mafiba-o leipm c Coral cecna fin c 7 d Simon TTlac- 
an-pailgi'D DO mafiba^ ann pop, ap, m laraip. cecna. 

A.D. 1325. 4 -ecm, B. m "Oiayimcrca was written after TTlac, but 
deleted by dots placed underneath, A. 

A.D. 1326. Mi., B; eile, A. M bl., A, B. b 1329, B. <om., B. 

A.D. 1327. M bl.,A, B. M330, B. la Cacal, mac CCeoa, mic 
Cogam 6^ Cathal, ion ofAedh, ton of Eogan, B. This was necessary in 
consequence of the omission of the Cathal entry (the last but two) of the 
previous year. d-<1 om. J B. 

8 Defeat, etc.Eodem anno (1329), 
14 Kal. Aug., Breyn O'Breyn apud 
Urlef [Thurles], interfecit de exer- 
citu Willelmi de Burgo, Comitis 
Ultonie, Walterum, filium Hillarii 
de Burgo, Konkur O'Breyn [fra- 

trem Muircertachi], Nicholaum Mac 
Nemare, cum aliis nobilibus de 
Totmonia (Clyn). 

[1329] 1 1326 = 1329 of the 
A. L. C. 

2 Foreigner*. According to the 



Briain [the Fair]. Defeat 8 [was inflicted upon them] by [1328] 
Brian O'Briain, wherein was killed Concobur O'Briain, 
well worthy to be king of Ireland for figure and bestowal, 
together with four score, both noble and base. Aine, 
daughter of Ferghal Ua Raighillaigh, wife of Tomaltach 
Mac Diarmata, died. Donnchadh the Foreigner, son of 
Domnall Ua Concobuir, was killed by Aedh, son of Tadhg, 
son of Maghnus [Ua Conchobair]. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 1st feria, 27th of the moon], A. D. [1329] 
1326 1 [-9]. Cathal, son of Domnall Ua Ruairc, excellent 
material of a king of Breifni, the son of a king the best ^ 
disposed and most accomplished that was of the Brefnians, 
was killed along with otEer~persons by the Foreigners 2 in 
treachery. Muircertach, son of Domnall, son of Tadhg 
Ua Concobuir, lord of Cairpre and Calraighi, select son of '' 
the sons of kings, died. Dabug Mac William [de Burgh] 
the Brown, a knight of great substance, rested in Christ- 
War [arose] between Toirdelbach Ua Concobuir and the 
Muinter-Mailruanaigh. Cathal, son of Aeih, son of 
Eogan [Ua Conchobair], was put by force from out the 
Fedha and from Tir-Maine, through injunction of Walter 
de Burgh [imposed] on the Clann-Ceallaigh. Tadhg, son 
of Toirdelbach Mac Mathgamna [died]. Augustine, abbot 
of Lis-gabhail upon Loch-Erne, died on the 2nd of the 
Kalends of November [October 31]. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 2nd feria, 9th of the moon], A.D. [1330] 
1327 1 [-30]. Maghnus, son of Aedh Ua Conchobuir the 
Brefnian, was killed by that same Cathal 2 . and Simon Mac- 
an-fhailgidh 3 was killed there likewise, on the same spot. 

entry in the F. M. (A.. 1329), he 
was treacherously slain [probably 
at a banquet] by the sons of John 
O'Farrell [of Annaly, co. Longford] 
and the English of Meath, in the 
house of Kichard Tuite at the 
monastery of Fore [Westmeath]. 

[1330] 1 /j,?7=1330 of the 
A. L. C. 

3 Same Cathal. Mentioned in 
the third entry of the preceding 

3 Mac-an-fhailgidh. Anglicised 
Mac Anally, or Mac Nally. The 



A 69d 

le 'Goifijvoelbac Concobuifi an, 
TTlac Uilliam a bupc 7 a fiudsar) aji paT> TYltnp. 
beprj TTlac ^oifoelb TJO cecc, peT>an mop, T>'pu peace TTlic 
Uiltiam. 1nncoi> -oo na flua^aiB fin, Leac an, lee, an, 
Concobuifi, no co fianga-min. ae'Oiript-Nua'oaT;. becan 
T>O muinncifi [U]i Coneobuin, T>O mapbaT) annfin 7 
Concobuifi "o'lmcecc o'n CCc co beofca, nofmup. ifna 
"Cuaait5 7 lon^pofic -DO ^abail le TTlac Hi Hi am 1 CitL- 
Lomac. 8i cunnail, caip-oemail T>e "5enum T>'0 Chon- 
cobuifi 7 7)0 TTlac "Oiapmaca. TTlael-Seclainn TTlac 
Cafimaic, bftugaiT) coircenn, T)'e5. d TTJael-1fU T>ojin_TTlac y 
CCe/feagam 1 -o'e^. ^StuaiseT) le hUal[5]afic 2 Ruaip.c, fii 
Ofieipie, co p-5-m-aca. 'goiU, in baile o'efil^i -oaib, sup'- 
mafibai) CCfic Ruaific ann, aT)bufifii5 bfieipne 7" mofian 
aile.* beiniT>ecc d plannasa[i]n, pfiioifi C>lle-moi|ie 
m Chfiifco quieuic. d ^U-a-lfU hUa 3 
|ii TTluinnceiii-Triailmofi'Da 7 na bfieipne 
uile fie 'o'aimpp., a eg 1 n-a fenoin. 4 fiacmup, iafi 
m-bfieic buaDa o ooman 7 o T>emon. TTlaiT)m d mop le 
Concobufi, mac "Cai-og, mic bfiiain, mic CCnnfiiap, mic 
aji T)aifirfiai5iC, ^ufi'mafibai) mofian 

bu'D coift TTlaeileac- 

("No 1 sumoD aifi an Jcallamn 
lamn hUa Raigillij;, in pepuo 
[CC.-0.] 1327.') 

A.D. 1327. '-tigcm, A. 2 -s, A. S 0, A. 4 fecm , B. ^ 
motci (the Latin equivalent of the A reading), B. *- f t. m., t. h., A; 
om., B. 

meaning of failgidh has not been 

4 Detert-Nuadhat. Desert [her- 
mitage] of [St.] Nuadu. He is the 
Nuadu, anchorite, commemorated 
in the Martyrology of Tallaght at 
Oct. 3 (L.L. 563d). One of the 
interpolations in the Tripartite Life 
(Part II.) is a prophecy attributed 

to St. Patrick respecting this saint. 
By the usual phonetic changes, Ath- 
dfsirt-Nuadhat became Eastersnow 
(bar. of Boyle, co. Roscommon). 
See O'Donovan, F. If., iii. 546-7. 

6 Cell- Lomat. Church of [5/.] 
LOIHII (Killumod, bar. of Boyle, co. 
Roscommou : O'D., tibi tup.). 

* Mac Diarmata. He had joined 



A camp assault [was delivered] by Toirdhelbach [1330] 
O'Concobuir on Walter Mac William de Burgh and 
[Toirdhelbach] routed him throughout Magh [-Luirg]- 
Gilbert Mac Goisdelb came with a large force to aid Mac 
William. Those hosts turned, side by side, on O'Concho- 
buir, until they reached the Ford of Desert-Nuadhat. 4 A 
few of the force of Ua Conchobuir were killed there and 
O'Conchobbuir went from the Ford spiritedly, orderly into 
The Territories and camp was taken by Mac 
William in Cell-Lomat. 5 Peace, honorable [and] cordial, 
was made by O'Conchobuir and by Mac Diarmata. 6 
Mael-Sechlainn Mac Carmaic, a general entertainer, died. 
Mael-Isu Mac Aedhagain the Brown, died. A hosting 
by Ual[gh]arc O'Ruairc, king of Breifni, to Fidh-in-atha. 7 
The Foreigners of the town arose against them, so that 
Art O'Ruairc, material of a king of Breifni and many 
others were killed there. Benedict O'Flannaga[i]n, prior 
of Cell-mor of Tir-Briuin, 8 rested in Christ. Gilla-Isu Ua 
Raighillaigh, king of Muinter-Mailmordha an^ of all the 
Breifni for a long time, died a prosperous senior, after 
gaining victory from world and from demon. Great defeat 
[was inflicted] by Concobur, son of Tadhg, son of Brian, 
son of Andrew, son of Brian [Ua Conchobair] of Luighni 
on the Dartraighi, so that many of them were killed by 

(Or 1 perhaps it is on this Kalend [year] it were right (132?) 
for [the death of] Maeileachlainn Ua Raighillaigh [to be], 
on the festival of the Nativity of the Lord, namely, [A.D.] 

Walter de Burgh against 0' Conor 
on this occasion. 

7 Fidh-in-atha. Wood of the ford 
(on the stream which connects 
Lough Sheelin and Lough Inny . 
anglicised Finae. O'D. iii. 544-5. ) 

8 Tir-Briuin. One of the 

Three Territories forming 
a deanery of ten parishes in Elphin 

(1327) ' Or, etc. The suggested 
correction has reference to the first 
entry of the textual year 132o( = 
1328), supra. 



1an. (m.* p., 1. xx. 8 ), CCnno "Domini TT1. 8 ccc. xx. 
tmi. ob [-XXX.O 1.] TTlaetfuianai TTlac "OiapmaDa, pi 
171 uip -Imps, 7>'-pa5t>ait a pii 7 -DO |af>ail aibi7>e manac 1 
liac 1 ! TTlainipTjip na builLe. Tx)matr;ac TTlac "Oiapmata, 
a mac, 7>o at5ait na flip cerjna, m c peiff 6 "^ ta iap m- 
bealtccnne. Penpal, mac TTlail[-8h]eclainn Chappai 
TTlic "Oiapmaca, -DO mapba-5 Le "Ca-o^, mac Cacail, mic 
"Oomnaill hUi Concobmp. 8lua le baicen. TTlac 
Uilbam i TTlas-tuifis 7 in cin. uile GO lopcai), ace na 
ceatta 7 cue comuipce T)oibfem. c 

1an. [1111.* p.,U i. a ], CCnno *0omini TT1. ccc. xax 
ix. ob [-xxx. 11.] baicen. TTlac Uitbam -DO abail lepn 
1anla 7 a b|ieic -oo teif co Caiflen 1nnfi-h 60501 n 7 a eg 
i^an pfiifun -DO onca. TTlaici c CClban T>O mapbatt 
B 69o leifin CCi'oetbac. | TTlaiT)m bepna-in-mil an. 'Comalrac 
TTlac n-"0iapmaca 7 an. TTlac Uittiam, aic a d r/ 
mopanT)0 muinnuipTTlic Uittiam ann c [la] mac in 1anla 
7 "Comalcac 1Tlac *0onncai'5. c 

]CaL 1an. [111.* -p- I- x.ii.*], CCnno "Domini TT1. ccc.axcx. ob 

[-111.] 'Comatrac, mac "Donnca^a TTlic "Diapmaca, 

A 70a mopcuuf epc. Uitliam a bupc, 1apla ULa^, | T>O 

A.D. 1328, '-i manaig leic (*g. of the A reading), B. "hi., A, B. 
b 1331 , B. c - om., B. d .ui. (the Latin equivalent), with e^ placed above, 
(A) -MS. 

A. D. 1329. M hl., A, B. b 1332, B. M om., B. d in-a intchich, B. 

A.D. 1330. M hl., A, B. b 1333, B. 

[13311 1 1328 = 1331 of the 
A. L. C. 

2 Took, etc.-- According to the 
Clonmacnoise Annals (Mageoghe- 
gan) : " within a short while after 
died, after whose death his sonne," 

8 A host, etc. In retaliation for 
the defection of Mac Dermot 
([1330], note 6, ntpra). The A. L. C. 
add that Mac Dermot attacked 

de Burgh, but was defeated with 
heavy loss ; which, however, he did 
not suffer to remain unavenged 
(apparently, by making sudden 
attacks on the retiring force of de 

[1332] '/j;?p= 1332 of the 
A. L. C. 

3 Castle. Green Castle, at the 
western entrance to Lough Foyle, 
according to O'Donovan (F. M- iii. 



Kalends of Jan. [on 3rd feria, 20th of the moon], A.D. [1331] 
1328 1 [-31]. Maelruanaigh Mac Diarmata, king of Magh- 
Luirg, abandoned his kingship and took the habit of the 
Grey [Cistercian] monks in the Monastery of the Buill. 
Tomaltach Mac Diarmata, his son, took 2 the same kingship 
the sixth day after May-Day. Fergal, son of Mael[- 
Shjechlainn Carrach Mac Dairmata, was killed by Tadhg, 
son of Cathal, son of Domnall Ua Conchobuir. A host 3 
[was led] by "Walter Mac William [de Burgh], into Magh- 
Luirg and the whole country was burned, except the 
churches and he gave protection to those. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 4th feria, 1st of the moon], A.D. [1332 Bis.] 
1329 1 [-32]. Walter Mac William [de Burgh] was taken 
prisoner by the Earl [de Burgh] and carried by him to 
the castle 2 of Inis-Eogain and he died in that prison of 
want. The nobles of Scotland were slain 3 by the Baliol. 
The defeat of Berna-in-mil [was inflicted] on Tomaltach 
Mac Diarmata and on Mac William, where were killed 
many of the people of Mac William [by] 4 the son of the 
Earl and Tomaltach Mac Donnchaidh. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 6th feria, 12th of the moon], A.D. [1333] 
1330 1 [-33]. Tomaltach, son of Donnchadh Mac Diarmata, 
died. William de Burgh, Earl of Ulster, was killed 2 by 

550). But the New Castle of the 
A. L. C. rather identifies it with 
the castle mentioned in the " Names 
of all the chiefe places in O'Dowg- 
hertie's Cuntry, that is called 
Eunsheun (Inishowen) " contained 
in the Munich MS. 68" , fol. 60b : 
" First, on the south syde of the 
cuntry, at the coming in [to Lough 
S willy], is an old castle called New- 
castle." ([Unpublished] Report on 
Rymer's Foedera,p. 171. Cf. Suppl. 
to Ap., ib. p. 51.) 

3 Slain. At Dnpplin Moor, Pert- 
shire, in 1332. Hence there is a 

prolepsis of three years in the 
textual date. 

4 By. Taken from the A. L. C. 

[1333] I 7jjo=1333 of the 
A. L. C. 

2 Killed. Clyn says on July 
[June] 6, the Octave of Trinity 
Sunday (Easter IV. C was Ap. 
4 : Trin. Sun., May 30. Hence 
July is a scribal error for June. 
The latest Octave in question is 
June 27.). There is accordingly a 
prolepsis of three years in the tex- 
tual date. 



mapba-o le SaUaiG Ulcro 7 na ^oill pein -oocoirim ami, 
erep cpoca^) 7 mapbafi 7 cappamg, *DO C mumncip pi| 
8axan. ^illibepr TTlac 5oipr>eU5 TJO mapbat) le Ccrcal 
TTlac "Oiapmaca ^all, ap lap. a caiplem pein. CCe-5, 
mac "Oomnaill Mli "Oomnaill, pi "Chipe-Conaill, aen 
T>ume -pa 3 mo gpain 7 copcup, peicvum coircenn, 1 neoc 
pob' pepp pmacc 7 pia^ail pobi n^n-aen aim^rp pip, ap 
m-bpeir bua-oa o Domain 7 o 'Beman, ap n-jabail aibici 
rnanaic lei uime, a eg 1 3 n-a 3 longpopc pein 7 a a'onucal 
i cempall* TTlaimprpec' Bpa-puai-D. Concobup, mac 
CCe-oa cecna, *DO ^abail pii "Chipe-Conaill ap 4 eip a 
acap. Imcopnam ecep CCpr; hlla 5 n-t)omnaill 7 h Con- 
cobup, 11 mac a auuppein, im 1 an' pige 7 CCps -DO gabail le 
Concobup 7 a mapba-5 a cerx)ip leip. *0onnca^, h mac 
CCeiahtli Cellai,T>o ^abaille "CoipptielbacO Concobuip, 
pi Conn ace. CCe-5 TTIac Con[8h]nama mopcuup epc. 
"Oomnall TTlac Con[8h]nama, caipec TTluinncepi-Cinaic, 
mopcuup epc. TT1 ac na hai-oce TTla^tphJlannca^a, 
aT)bup Txnpig "Dapcpaigi, *DO mapba^ le Connaccaib'. 

]Cal.1an. [uii."p->*], CCnno "Domini TT1 . ccc. xxx. 

i. ob [-1111.] 

le Connaccait5, ecep 

pa TTlumam cum TT)a[i]c Conmapa. bpai^-oe 1 7 nepc T>O 
gabail -ooitS ap TTIac Conmapa. "Cempoll T>O lopca^ le 

A. D. 1330. 1 -cinn, B. 2 a, A. *- 3 n-a (aphaeresis of i), A. 4 cap, 
B. 8 0,A. le by, B. d ip (tcAo) w, A. om., B. ' TTIaitiipci|\ 
(in) the Monastery, B. (eceyv) Concobup. 7 (between) Coneobur and, B. 
h - h om., B. By this and the preceding variant the order of the proper 
names in the Imcopnam item, as given in A, ia inverted, "'mon 
(aphaeredis of 1), B. 

A.D. 1331. ' 01x01501, (pi. of A word), B. bl., A, B. b 1334, B. 

8 Fell, etc. According to Clyn, 
the slayers and more than 300 of 
their associates were slain by John 
de Mandeville on one day within 
two months after the slaying of 
de Burgh. On the other hand, 
Grace asserts (1333) that John 
Darcy, the justiciary, proceeded 

to Ulster, defeated the homicides, 
captured some and slew others. 

Mageoghegan states the "king 
of England [by the justiciary?] 
caused the said Englishmen to be 
hanged, drawn and quartered." 

4 Killtd. Treacherously (A. L. C. 
and Mageoghegan). 



the Foreigners of Ulidia and those Foreigners fell 3 there- 
for, either hanged, or slain, or drawn, by the people of the 
king of the Saxons. Gilbert Mac Goisdelbh was killed 4 by 
Cathal Mac Diarmata the Foreigner, in the centre of his 
own castle. Aedh, son of Domnall Ua Domnaill, 5 king of 
Tir-Conaill, the one person that caused most fear and 
triumph, general guarantor, the one of best sway and rule 
that was in the same time as he, after gaining victory 
from world and from demon, after taking the habit of a 
Grey [Cistercian] monk upon him, died in his own strong- 
hold 6 and was buried in the church of the Monastery of 
Ess-ruadh. Conchobur, son of the same Aedh, took the 
kingship of Tir-Conaill after his father. Contention 
[arose] between Art Ua Domnaill and Concobur, the son 
of his [Art's] own father, respecting the kingship, and 
Art was taken prisoner by Concobur and killed imme- 
diately by him. Donnchadh, son of Aedh Ua Cellaigh, 
was taken prisoner by Toirdhelbach O'Conchobuir, king 
of Connacht. Aedh Mac Con[Sh]nama died* Domnall 
Mac Con[Sh]nama, chief of Muinter-Cinaith, died. 
Son of the night Mag [Fh]lannchadha, material of 
a chief of Dartraighi, was killed by the Connachtmen. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 7th feria, 23rd of the moon,] A.D. 
1331 1 [-4]. A hosting by the Connachtmen, both 
Foreigner and Gaidhel, into Munster, against Mac Con- 
mara. Pledge and sway were gained by them on Mac 
Conmara. A church was burned by a party of the host, 
wherein were two score and one hundred 2 persons, both 


6 Ua Domnaill. Died [1281], 

6 His own stronghold. Inis-saimer 
(Four Masters}. " A small island 
in the river Erne, close to the cata- 
ract of Assaroe at Ballyshannon. 
It is to be distinguished from the 
monastery of Assaroe [in which 
O'Donnell was buried], which is 
situated on the north side of the 
river, about one mile to the west of 

the town of Ballyshannon " (O'D. 
iii. 552). 

[1334] i ^7 = 1334 of the 
A. L. C. 

2 Two score and one hundred. 
"Some of the said armie burnt a 
church, wherein 180 persons [the 
number given in the A. L. C.] with 
two priests were alltogether burnt 
and tnrnt to asshes " (Mageoghe- 



cctiNccloc uUroTi. 

opeim T>o'n c-flua ippabaDUp Da pcic 7 cec DO 
ecep uafal 7 ifel 7 Diaf DO facapcaiB Dib fin 7 a 
lofcaD" fin uile. "Oeicnebup d DO mumnnp "OhonncaDa 
fiabaig, mic TTlail[-8h]eclainn Cappaig TTlic "Oiapmatxi' 
DO bacuD ap Loc-'CeiceD- "CaDg, mac Carail, mic "Oom- 
naill, quieuic m [Chpifco]. d 

]CaL 1an. [i-* f., L 1111.,*] CCnno "Domini TTl. ccc. acacac.- 
n. ob [-u.] 8eaan c O'h6a|pa DO gabail le mac in 1apla 


7 fopsla a muinncifie -D'ayisain. Cpec le clainn "Oom- 
naill an. ^aUaiB, iT>on, a^ damn T71uin.if Shugais TTlic 
^eajiailc. Cpec mop. le Clainn-TTIuifiif ap, a[n] damn 
cerna. 1apap Chonnacc T>O miltiUT> uile le Uilliam 
bupc. "Dame inroa -DO mapba-o 7 cpeaca 7 loifcci 7 
tulc 7>iaipmif>e ap mac in 1apla7 ap Chlainn-RicaipD a 
bupc 7)0 Tienum t>o. 8ic ecep na OupcacaiB cecna." 

aU 1an. [n." p., Ux.u. a ], CCnno "Domini TT1. ccc. xxx. 
111. b [-ui.] 'Comalrac TTlac "Oiapmwoa, pi TTluisi-iuipg, 
B 69d -pep po bo mo | gpain 7 cofcup 7 pob' c fepp fie 7 cocarV 
oepc d 7 T)aenacT: d po" Bi a* 1 n-6pinn d i n-a aimfip pem, a 
eg a d n-T)omnac na 'CpinoiDe, d 1 n-a longpopc fein, 1 
Cala-5 na Caippge 2 7 a a-onucal 1' TTlainifcip na buille, 8 

A.D. 1331. <~ allo|xxf6, B. d-dom., B. 

A.D. 1332. " bl., A, B. "1 335, B. om. (Le. the year is blank), B. 

A.D. 1333- 1 co5cro, A. 2 cai|Xiyi5i (doubtless a scribal mistake for 
cai|V|\i5i), A. b !336, B. <"oob', B. "om., B. "oo, B. 'im, B. *-j 
afiaite and the rest (of the A text, which the compiler deemed it unne- 
cessary to transcribe) added, B. 

[1335] J 1332 = 1335 of the 
A. L. C. 

* Earl. Richard de Burgh, the 
Eed Earl, who died [1326], supra. 

9 Domnall. O' Conor, mentioned 
in the final entry of the preceding 

4 Gerald. Taken from Mageo- 
ghegan : " The sonns of Donnell 
O'Connor took a prey from the 

sonns [descendants] of Gerald 
Succkagh [Merry] and killed Mac 
Morishe himself. This is Mac 
Morish of the Bryes, he is of the 
Geraldines" (1335). 

From this it may be concluded 
that the founder of the family of 
Mac Maurice of the Bryes (or 
Brees : a castle in the par. of Mayo, 
bar. of Clanmonifl, co. Mayo, O'D. 



noble and base and two priests were of them and those all [1334] 
were burned. Ten of the people of Donnchadh the 
Swarthy, son of Mael[Sh]echlainn Carrach Mac Diarmata, 
were drowned on Loch-Teiched. Tadhg, son of Cathal, 
son of Domnall [Ua Conchobair] rested in Christ. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 1st feria, 4th of the moon,] A.D. [1335] 
1332 1 [-5]. John O'hEaghra was taken prisoner by the 
son of the Earl 2 and considerable part of his people were 
plundered. A foray was made by the sons of Domnall 3 on 
the Foreigners, namely, on the Clan of [Gerald 4 ] the 
Merry [Mac] Maurice Fitz Gerald. A great [retaliatory] 
foray [was made] by the Clann-Maurice on the same sons 
of Domnall. The "West of Connacht was all destroyed by 
William de Burgh. 5 Persons numerous were killed and 
preys and burnings and ills innumerable were done by 
him on the son 6 of the Earl and on the Clann-Ricaird 7 de 
Burgh. Peace [was made] between the same de Burghs. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 2nd feria, 15th of the moon], A.D. [1336 Bis] 
1333 1 [-6]. Tomaltach Mac Diarmata, king of Magh- 
Luirg, the man who wrought most fear and triumph and 
was the best for peace and war, charity and humanity that 
was in Ireland in his own time, died on the Sunday of the 
Trinity, 2 in his own stronghold, at the Strath of the Rock 3 
and was buried in the Monastery of the Buill with an 

iii. 638) was the Gerald the Merry 
who died in 1251 (A. L. C.). 

5 William de Burgh. This should 
be Edmond Mac William de Burgh 
(A. L. C.). He was the eponymous 
head of Mac William Ichtar, or 

6 Son. William, mentioned in 
the first entry of this year. He 
took the name of Mac William 
Uachtar, or Upper. 

7 Clann-Ricaird. Descendants of 
Richard (de Burgh, the Red Earl) ; 
anglicised Clanrickard. The tribe 
was Mac William Upper. 

[1336] ^1333 = 1336 of the 
A. L. C. 

2 Sunday of the Trinity, May 26. 
May 24, A. L. C. and Mageoghegan, 
but erroneously ; Easter (VII. F) 
fell on March 31 in 1336. 



co d focfiaii) onofiac- Cfuicunque legefiit; ojiec- d Conco- 
bufi, mac 73omaU;ai5 TTlic *Oiap.maca, T>O abail jui ap. b 
eif h a oxan,. 'Geboic a bufic mojicuup ef-c. TTlailifi d 
TTlac Siufican -o'execpa, quieuis m [Chfupeo]. TTlai-om 
le hGogan hUa TTI<rou5a[i]n ap Clainn-HicaifiD a bup.c 
ou icpocaifi peippen, 7 cju pi"ir. eceji maic 7 faic. d 
"Oomnall, mac 8eaa[i]n, mic "Ooumaill [U]i Concobuifi, 
efr;. Miall, d mac Concobuiji TTlic 

T)'aen uyicup. foigDi. "Coition; Naa[i]n, 
\Tnai5ifcefi coiccenn 1 n-eala-onaiC examlaiC, 1 n-"Olie7> 
IcanonDa 7 ilLex, mopcutif epc. Cfiec moyi le macaiB 
"OiafimaT)[a] ^ a ^ ^ Clainn-n^oiroeltS 7 ^o mafibai* 
TTlaiu^, mac bailcfiin TTlic [5b]oifDeatb. Cpec'mofi le 
hGmonn TTlac Uilbam afi Clainn-Carail, T>U 
Concobufi "Plarmo5a[i]n 7 mopan aile T>O luce in 
Ocuf -DO mafiba-5 TTlael-Seclamn, mac CCefta hlli phlan- 
naga[i]n, ap copaif>ecc na cyieice 7 T>O ^aba-o leof an mac 
Tnic-in-Tnilif>. Cancobuji TTlac ", jii TTluip- 
Luing 7 CCe-o, mac CCe-oa 7 luce tie h[U]i Concobuifi 7 
Clann-*Oonncai-5 7 ^laflac Cfuce-Caiiiptii im Conmac, 
mac ftuai-Dfu, -DO ful a|i cn.eic hi 'Ciyi-'phiaciiac, co pan- 
Sa-oufi TTlullac-fiaea. Ocuf ba m cifie -DO ceice-5 fiompa. 
TTjaifibe-oala mopa 7 capaill inroa -DO cabai^c 7>oiB leo 
7 le ConnaceaiB ancena. d Caiflen mop TTlic ^oifDeltS 
DO lega-o 3 le t;oifip,T>elbac 7 le Connaccaib ayicena. 

]Cal 1an. [iin. m p., L xx.ui.*], CCnno "Domini 171. ccc. 
xxx. 1111. b [-un.]. 8ic c T>O -oenum 7>o mac in 1apla |\e 
bfiian m-ban m-bfiiain. Sic T>O T>enam T)'CCeT> pemup. 
hUa Meill (i7)on, d CCe'D meie d ) fie hOipsiallaiC 7 pe 

A.I). 1333. 3 teaman, A. h ' h -o'eif (same in meaning as the A read* 
ing, B). 
A.D. 1334 bl.,A,B. b 1337, A. om., B. -<>itl., t.h., (A) MS. 

The Rock.Oi Lough Ce. See 
O'Donovan, F. M., iii. 556. 

4 Son of Domnall. Son of Eogan, 
B ; against the A. L. C. 

5 Clann-CathailDeicendantf of 

Cathal : the tribe name of the 
O'Flannagans (co. Hoscommon). 

'/Son of Aedh. Son of Feidh- 
limidh, son of Aedh, son of Eogan 
O' Conor, A. L. C. ; son of Feidh- 


honourable funeral. Whoso reads, let him pray. Con- [1336] 

cobur, son of Tomaltach Mac Diarmata, took the kingship 

after his father. Theobald de Burgh died. Meyler Mac 

Jordan de Exeter, rested in Christ. Defeat [was inflicted] 

by Eogan Ua Madugha[i]n on the Clann-Ricaird de Burgh, 

wherein fell three score and six, both good and bad. 

Domnall, son of John, son of Domnall 4 Ua Concobuir, died. 

Niall, son of Concobur Mac Taidhg, was slain by one 

shot of an arrow. Trinity O'Naa[i]n, general master in 

divers arts, in the Canon Law and [Civil] Law, died. 

A great foray by the sons of Diarmait [Mac Diarmata] the 

Foreigner on the Clann-Goisdelbh and Maiug, son of 

Waltrim Mac [Gjoisdelb, was killed. A foray [was made] 

by Edmond Mac William [de Burgh] on the Clann- 

Cathail, 5 wherein Conchobur 0'Flannaga[i]n and many 

more of the people of the country were plundered. And 

Mael-Sechlainn, son of Aedh Ua Flannaga[i]n, was killed . ./^ 

in the pursuit of the foray and the son of Mac-in-Milidh 

was taken prisoner by them. Concobur Mac Diarraada, 

king of Magh-Luirg and Aedh, son of Aedh 6 and the 

household force of Ua Conchobuir and the Clann-Donn- 

chaidh and the recruits of Crich-Cairpri under Cormac, 

son of Ruaidhri [Ua Conchobair] went on a foray into 

Tir-Fiachrach/until they reached Mullach-ratha. And the 

beeves of the country fled 7 before them. Large inanimate /f 

chattels and many horses were brought by them and by 

the Conuachtmen also with them. The great castle of 

Mac Goistelb 8 was levelled [on that occasion] by Toirdhel- 

bach and by the Connachtmen likewise. 

Kalends of Jan. [on 4th feria, 26th of the moon], A.D. [1337] 
1334 1 [-7]. Peace was made by [William] the sou of the 
Earl [de Burgh] with Brian O'Briain the Fair. Peace 
was made by Aedh Ua Neill the Stout (that is, Aedh the 

limiclh, son of Aedh 0' Conor, 

7 Fled. That is, were driven off 

8 Great castle of Mac Goistelb. 

Anglicised Castlemore - Costello 
(bar. of Costello, co. Mayo. 0' D . iii. 

[1337] ' /jj^ = 1337 of the 
A.L. C. 



ccwicclcc ulccDti. 

epait>-TT)anac. paplonj;popc 7>o -Senum te "Goipp-oel- 
T5ac htla Concobuip 15 CCc-liacc i n-cr5ai 6moinT> a 
Oupc. Seoan pallamain, caipec Clairmi-hUcroac, 
mopctiup epr. c 'Ca'Bs TTlas fTlatincai-o, caipec "Oapc- 
paip, "DO mapba-o le Coftmac, mac RuaiT>pi, mic "Oom- 
A 70o naill, mapaen fie pocpaiT>e aile, 1 | a" n-T>i|ait Seaam 
TOic "OomnaitL Ocuf cfieaca mo|ia 7)0 "Denum ayi 
*Oa^cfiaiit5 j mac TT)uifiip TTIesphlanncai'D'DO mapba-o 
an la cecna. c 'Ca'Dg 6 7 Tnail[-8b]eclainn, -oamac 
TTles Ra^naill, -DO %abait T>O Cbarat TTlds 
Uittiam, mac TTlacsamna ym bta-oaile'Doclainn 1maip, 
Toon, Concobup. 7 Tomatcac, fii^a'obtnp TTluinncef,i- 
h6otu[i]p, -DO cmol -o'a copai-oecc 7 Coral TTlac Ragnaill 
7 TTlasnup, mac pefi^ail, T>O mapba-o T>oiC. "Caipec TX> 
5enum -DO "Cbat5 TTlag Uanaill. c "Oomnall ftuai) 2 
TTIaille 7 Cojimac TTlaille, a mac, T>O mapb^o T>O 
Clainn-TTleibp.ic 7 T>O ^hallaiC ailiB maille pfiiu,a'5ai5 c 
peil Scepam m blia-oain fi. 'Comdf, mac Capmaic hlli 
"Oomnaill, efpuc "Cipi-Conaill, fat n-egna 7 cp.aba-5 
coiccenn pa bia-5 7 pa ellac 'o'eispiC 7 'o'ollamnaiC m 
beca, c m Chfiipco quieuic. 

1an. u. p., [L'un.*], CCnno "Domini TT1. ccc. xxx. 

u. ob [-uni. ]. 

(in c 



"Dbuinn 015, aliap Cajipaic") TTlag Un-Dfi, fii pefi-TDanac 
7 Laca-Gipne (pep, quacuop7>ecim annop; aliap, pep -ouop 
annop c ), m pep ip mo po n)laic "D'aip^e-D 7 -o'lnnmup, 
o'ecaiB 7 -D'almaiB 7 7>'inmlib', -DO 'oul -o'eg pe ha-oapc, 

A.D. 1334. i ile, A. '-5, A. 

A.D. 133-5. - bl., A, B. b 1338, c. m., B. itl., t. h., A; om- 
(except in emij) B. 

2 Edmond de Bury h. The Lower 
(or northern) Mac William. 

1 In recenye, etc From this it 

can be inferred that John O'Conor 
had been slain by the Mac Clancys 
(Maic Flannchadha). 

4 Mathgamain, Fergal. Brothers 
The former treacherously slew the 
latter in 1306 (A. L. C.). Hence 
the fend between their sons. 

* Bishop. Since [1319], supra. 

[1338] '/Jjtf. The ferial (6) 
proves that the true year is 1338. 


Fat) with the Oirghialla and with the Fir-Manach. A [1337] 
fortress was made by Toirdhelbach Ua Concobuir at Ath- 
liacc against Edmond de Burgh. 2 John O'Fallaraain, 
chief of Clann-hUadach, died. Tadhg Mag Flannchaidh, 
chief of Dartraighi, was killed, together with a multitude 
besides, by Cormac, son of Ruaidhri, son of Domnall [Ua 
Conchobair] in revenge 3 of John, son of Domnall [Ua Con- 
chobair]. And great forays were made on Dartraighi and 
the son of Maurice Mag Flannchaidh was killed the same 
day. Tadhg and Mael[-Sh]echlainn, two sons of Imhar 
Mag Raghnaill were taken prisoners by Cathal Mag 
Raghnaill. William, son of Mathgamain 4 [Mag Ragh- 
naill] and the other part of the children of Imar, namely, 
Concobur and Tomaltach, royal heirs of Muinter-Eolu[i]s, 
assembled to pursue them and Cathal Mag Raghnaill and 
Maghnus, son of Fergali 4 [Mag Raghnaill], were killed by 
them. Tadhg Mag Raghnaill was [in consequence] made 
a chieftain of. Domnall O'Maille the Red and Cormac 
O'Maille, his son, were killed by the Clann-Mbric and 
by other Foreigners along with them, the night of the 
feast of Stephen [Dec. 26] this year. Thomas, son of 
Carmac Ua Domnaill, bishop 5 of Tir-Conaill [Raphoe], 
eminent in wisdom and in general benevolence in food 
and in cattle to the learned and the poets of the world, 
rested in Christ. 

Kalends of Jan. on 5th feria, [7th of the moon], A.D. [1338] 
1335 1 [-8]. Ruaidhri (of the hospitality, son of 
Flaithbertach, son of Donn junior, otherwise Carrach) 
Mag Uidhir, king of Fir-Manach and of Loch-Eirne (for 
fourteen 2 years ; otherwise, for two years), the man that 
most bestowed of money and of goods, of horses and of 

2 Fourteen. Recte, eleven. Ruaidhri succeeded Flaithbertach in [1327], . 



ccwicclcc ulccoti. 



lap, m-buai-o' 1 o* eigpt) 7 o oltamnaio'.' TTIac 
Ula-5 -DO &abail -o'emonn a bun.c 7 a cun. illoc-Oifibpen. 
llilc* mofia 7 ca^a-o coirxenn 1 ConnaccuiC cnn> pn. 
"Geres mac Ruai'oni, mic CcrcailhUi Concobuip, oojabail 
DO TTomap mag Samnxroain 7 mofian T>'a muinnrip. T>O 
mapba-o. TDas 8hamn.a-oa[i]n T>O T>ul TK> n [U]i Con- 
cobuifi m bticroain cecna 7 a ecc apif 1 n-a [pll^eing 
7 aiftcif T>O rabo|ic T>O Clainn-TTlui|icepT:ai5 ai|i 7 TX> 
Tnuinnciiveolu[i]f 7 T>O coimnnol na bfieipne, ecep 
^ai'Det 7 ^alloslac. Ocuf IT1a58aTJi|itCDa[i]n T>O gabail 
7 mofian T)'a mumncip T>O mafiba'D. 6 GCei> m cleici, mac 
RuaiTfii [U]i Concobuip, T>O loc afi -Dejie-D cfieice '|Hi 
bolegan 7 a 65 -oe- "Oefifont,* mgen Ca^ail TTlic T))u|i- 
chaif>, ben "Oonnca-oa, mic CCe-oa 015, D'eg." 

]Cal. 1an. ui. p., [t.*x.uin. a ]CCnno "Domini TH . ccc. acxx. 
ui. ob [-ix.] SLua^ 1 mofi La hCCe'5 yiemap 2 hUa Meill cum 
'Gip.e-Conailt, oan.'mai r iba > 5 mac | eaam hlli "Neilt 7 
hUa "Oomnaitl ta muinncifi htli "Oocanraig. 
Ceallaij, |ii bUa 3 -TTlaine, T>O mafibar> la 
Cacal, mac CCeT>a, mic eogain, ap. c n-T>ul a cig 'Coipp'oet- 
bai bill Concobtnfi "o'a ci pem. 8ai 6|ienn gan 
imjiepain fein. Gmonn TTIac Uilbam a bujic T)'inna]i- 
ba[T>] m blia^ain ri. d bean mic UUro, iT)on, 
ingen 'Coipn.'oetbais bUi bjuam, T>O cabaific T>O Toi^fi- 
oelbac blla Concobuip, T>O p,i Connacr, in blia-oain fi 7 
*Oepbail, mgen (e-Da [U]i "Oomnaitl, -DO Legan -DO. 
"Comaf TTlas amfia-5a[i]n, T>O bi illaim i[c] Clainn- 

A.D. 1335. d 7 ayiaile and 10 on added, B. -om., B. 
A.D. 1336. '-57, B. ^ea-, A. S 0, A. "bl., A, B. > 1339, B. 
M om.,B. d om., B. 

* Put into. With a stone tied to 
his neck, according to the A. L. C. 
and Mageoghegan. 

4 Went to the house. See [1339], 
note 4, infra. 

8 Of the Quill. Mageoghegan, 

according to O'Donovan (iii. 664), 
says the soubriquet was applied to 
Aedh, because his mother could 

[1339] ' fjj6. The ferial (6) 
proves that the true year is 1339. 


herds and of cattle, died on the pillow after victory [of [1338] 
praise] from learned and from poets. [Edmond] son of 
the [red] Earl of Ulster was taken prisoner by Edmond de 
Burgh and put into 3 Loch-Oirbsen. Great evils and 
general war [arose] in Connacht through that. Tadhg, 
son of Ruaidhri, son of Cathal Ua Conchobuir, was taken 
prisoner by Thomas Mag Samhradha[i]n and many of 
his people were killed, Mag Shamhradha[i]n went to the 
house 4 of Ua Concobuir the same year and he came back 
again and on his return an attack was made by the Clann- 
Muircertaigh and by Muinter-Eolu[i]s and by the muster 
of the Breifni, both Foreigner and Gallowglass, on him. 
And Mag Shamhradha[i]n was taken prisoner and many 
of his people were killed. Aedh of the Quill, 5 son 
of Ruaidhri Ua Conchobuir, was [mortally] injured in the 
rere of a foray in the Bolegan and he died thereof. 
Derbhail, daughter of Cathal Mac Murchadha, wife of 
Donnchadh, son of Aedh [Mag Uidhir] junior, died. 

Kalends of Jan. on 6th feria, [18th of the mofon], A.D. [1339] 
ISSe 1 ^]. A great host [was led] by Aedh Ua Neill the 
Stout to Tir-Conaill, whereby were killed the son of John 
Ua Neill and Geoffrey Ua Domnaill by the people of 
Ua Dochartaigh. Ruaidhri O'Ceallaigh, king of Ui- 
Maine, was killed by Cathal, son of Aedh, son of Eogan 
[Ua Conchobair], after going from the house of Toirdel- 
bach Ua Concobuir to his own. The most eminent in 
Ireland without dispute [w/as] that man. Edmond Mac 
William de Burgh was expelled 2 this year. The wife of 
the son of the Earl of Ulster, namely, the daughter of 
Toirdelbach Ua Briain, was taken [to wife] by Toirdelbach 
Ua Concobuir, [that is,] by the king of Connacht, this 
year and Derbail, daughter of Aedh Ua Domnaill, was 
abandoned by him. Thomas Mag Samradha[i]n, who 

2 Expelled. This was the second 
expulsion. See the account of 

the first in the A, L. C. under 


ocuucclcc ulccDti. 

TYluipceptaig, T>O -but ap m bbafiain f in, ap n-T>itiUxr5 
5'inpn "Oonncafta piabai pip 7 a 7>a mac T/elos ipin 
blicrbam pin pop. pLaig* mop -DO pnecca 7.1)0 pic 111 
bbafiain pm c , ocenn caici"oipi T>O ^eiriipefc co caun'c blof> 
7>'eppac, co n--oeacaiT> mopan Vetlac Cpenn -o'eg* ann 7 
guipr; gemaip Gpenn -DO ul a muguixx in blicroain cetna." 

B70a[bip.] ]cat 1an. un.' p-,' [l. b xx.ix. b ], CCnno *Oomini 171. ccc. 
ocacx. un. oc [-xl. ] ComtosbaiU 1 mofi ca^ai-o ecefi TTlaine- 
ccnt5, iT)on, ecep "Cabg, mac 'Cai'Dg [U]i Cheallais 7 
UiLbam, mac "Oonncafta TTluimnis [U]i Cheattaig 7 
, mac CCefa [U]i Chellai,T>'a 

0_Concobuip. tifitamup 0-1Tlaine, DO as 7 mopan T>a 
cinei) pein^pop, sup'ceilspec ITitbam apcip imac. Ocup 
uile e, gup/impo Uilbam oppa 7 

"Donnca-o, mac OCe-oa [U]i Cetlai| 7 
Cetlais 7 ^up'loice-D 7 co n-Tteacai-S -o'eg -o'a 
TTlael-eclaiiin htla 1 ^aipmleaai-5, caipec Cene[oi]l- 
THoa[i]n, T)'e5.- "Coipc* 1 DoeoDap meic UatfsJaipc bill 
Huaipc, iT>on, T)omnalt7 CCet* 7 ^illa-CptpT) 7 Ruaiijpi, 
ap cpeic cum Cacait, mic CCe-oabpeipnis 7 T>O pinneaDUp 

A.D. 1336. 4 --6, B. om., A. 
A.D. 1337. 1O, B. -om.,B. 

, B. C 1340, B. om., B. 

1 Wat set free. Literally, went 
out of it ( the captivity, by consent 
of his custodians). 

*Donnchadh, Namely, O'Conor. 

8 Wai renounced. From this it ap- 
pears that the " going to the house 
of O'Conor," mentioned in the pre- 
vious year, was to contract a mar- 
riage alliance, the rescision of which 
was the condition of Magauian's 

The A. L. C. and Mageoghegan 
merely state that he was set at 

Snotc, etc. "Thifl year was 

very stormy and hurtful to men 
and animals ; for from the feast of 
All Saints [Nov. 1, 1338] to Easter 
[March 28, 1339] for the most part 
there was rain, snow, or frost. 
From the feast of St. Andrew [Nov. 
30, 1338] tillage operations ceased 
on account of the snow and frost, 
which at that time abounded al- 
most continuously. . . . This year 
[1339] oxen and cows were dying, 
and sheep especially were almost 
destroyed : so that, according to 
common report, scarce a seventh 
part of the sheep escaped the 



was in custody with the Clann-Muircertaigh, was set free 3 [1339] 
in that year, after the daughter of Donnchadh 4 the Swarthy 
was renounced 5 him and his two sons escaped that year 
likewise. A great plague of snow 6 and of frost [prevailed] 
that year from the beginning of a fortnight of winter until 
a part of spring came, so that much of the cattle of Ireland 
suffered death and the green crops of Ireland went to WVtM 
nought the same year. 

Kalends of Jan. on 7th feria, [29th of the moon,] A.D. [1340 Bis.] 
1337 1 [-40]. Great levy of war [took place] between the 
Ui-Maine, namely, between Tadhg, son of Tadhg 2 Ua 
Cellaigh and William, son of Donnchadh Ua Ceallaigh 
the Momonian 3 and Donnchadh son of Aedh Ua Cellaigh, 
to whom 4 Toirdelbach O'Concobuir gave the governance of 
Ui-Maine, [namely] to Tadhg 5 , and [between] great part 
of their own tribe likewise, so that they cast William from 
the country forth. And they all followed him, until 
William turned upon them and Donnchadh, son of Aedh 
Ua Cellaigh, was killed and Tadhg O'Cellaigh ^as taken 6 
prisoner and wounded and underwent death of his injuries. 
Mael-Sechlainn Ua Gairmleghaidh, chief of Cenel- 
Moen, died. An expedition was gone upon by the sons of 
Ual[gh]arc Ua Euairc, namely, Domnall and Aedh and 
Gilla-Crisd and Ruaidhri, on a foray against Cathal, son 
of Aedh [Ua Conchobair] the Brefnian and they made an 

plague; but there was greater loss 
of lambs. Also in this year, in 
Lent, sallows produced roses in 
England, which were carried to 
different countries as a sight " 

[1340] ^1337. The ferial (7) 
proves that the true year is 

2 Tadhg. Slain in the battle of 
Athenry, co. Galway [1316], supra. 

8 Donnchadh the Momonian (reared 

in Munster) King of Ui-Maine ; 

died [1307], supra, 

4 To whom Tadhg. This clause 
should have been inserted after son 
of Tadhg Ua Cellaigh, 

6 Gave to Tadhg. After the slay- 
ing of liuaidhri in the preceding 

6 Was taken, etc. "And at his 
taking was hurt grievously, of 
which hurt Teig died afterwards " 
(Mageoghegan ). 


OCtlNCClO: UlCCDtl. 

y cjiec crobal gan imnefavn 7 TX> mantkroufi Concobun, mac 
"Oonnca-oa niabaig T^ofian aile. "Do fiinne Coral 
T)on.aiT> maiT^Tjafi'papro mofian Wn cfieic 7 T>an.'manbaT> 
"Oomnall Huainc, aen naga mac fii na bneipne 7 
monan T)'a muinnrifi mapaen nip 7 -oafi'saba-D ann 
Ruainc 7 TDac Con[8h]nama. Ta-bg, mac 
Ui Concobuifi, TX> bi illaim 05 Ruaific, T>O 
legan amac tjie compuapluj;a > 5 ^itla-CpifD [U]i Uuaipc. 
CCe-5, mac peiTtimi-& tJi Concobuifi, -DO gabaiL -DO 
Concobuifi, T>O fii| Conn ace 7 caga'D 
cfiiT> fin ecen. Concobuifi 7 Concobufi TTlac n- 
A 7ia "Diafimaca, | fii TDui5i-Luifi57 gtifi'mille'D mofian econpa. 
Siupcan fiua-5 TTlac 5 oi n> 6 ^ T>O mafiba^ T>O Carol 
TTlac Thafimaca ^ a ^- "^^5 TTlac "Donncai-o T>O gabail 
DO Concobufi TDac "Oiapmaca m bba^ain fin. d Coral 
TTlac "Oianmara 'fraLl, aen fia^u 2 mac fu Connacc ap d 
goil 7 an. gaifceT*, afi rfieip 7 an. asmuipe 7 an. mnfai^i-o, 
an. cofnum CCipns 7 8leibe-Lua DO afi rafiait a lama 
laiT>ifie, d T>O mafibaB T>O "Obonnca'5 niabac, mac TTlail 
[-8h]eclamn Chapfiaig, rfie pell 15 Lif-felbai 1 CloinD- 
Concobuip- TTla5nuf, d mac Carail, mic CCnnfiiaf, -DO 
mafibar> -DO Coral, mac CCe-fea bfieif?ni5. a bfiian 
8amfia > 5a[i]n T>O mafiba > DT)o'Chellac-"Ouncaf>a. 
hUa hOi^in, fii ()-piacfiac-CCifne, *DO mapba'b T)'a 
bn.airn.ib" pein Go^an, mac Sepnais TTleg Ragnaill 7 
CCe'5 Tnailmiatai5 T>O mafibaf* a ceile. (X/oam 
Theice-batijn -o'eg. pilib *Ouit>5enna[i]n, _fon 
ji]Tnj3iain, "o'eg. Iniug, ingen TTlic ^oifDelb, ben Go^ain 

A.D. 1337. 2 -a, B. 

7 Donnchadh. Grandson of Mar- 
tough O'Conor the Momonian, A. 
L. C. They add that this was the 
first rupture between the O'Rourkes 
and the descendants of Murtough 
the Momonian. 

8 In custody. See the third entry 
of [1338], supra. 

9 Aedh, etc. This entry is given 
with more detail in the A. L. C. 
and.F. M. (Mageoghegan's version 
is quoted in the latter, iii. 569). 

10 Son of Andrew. Son of Dom- 
nall, A. L. C. (apparently with 
more accuracy). 


indisputably enormous foray and killed Concobur, son of [1340] '' 
Donnchadh 7 the Swarthy and many others. Cathal made 
good pursuit, whereby much of the prey was jwrested and X 
Domnall O'Ruairc, the choicest of the sons of the kings of 
the Breifni and many of his people along with him were 
killed and Gilla-Crisd O'Ruairc and Mac Con[Sh]nama 
were captured. Tadhg, son of Ruaidhri Ua Concobuir, 
who was in custody 8 with O'Ruairc, was left out^for the ^ 
w-Hberation of Gilla-Crisd Ua Ruairc. Aedh, 9 son of 
Feidhlimidh Ua Concobuir, was taken prisoner by Toir- 
dhelbach O'Conchobuir, [namely] by the king of Connacht. 
And war arose through that between O'Conchobuir and 
Concobur Mac Diarmata, king of Magh-Luirg and much 
was destroyed between them. Jordan Mac Goisdelb the 
Red was killed by Cathal Mac Diarmata the Foreigner. 
Tadhg Mac Donnchaidh was taken prisoner by Concobur 
Mac Diarmata that year. Cathal Mac Diarmata the 
Foreigner, the choicest of the sons of the kings of Con- 
nacht for spirit and for prowess, for excellence and for 
felicity and for attack, for defending Airtech and Sliabh- 
Lugha by virtue of his strong hand, was killed by Donn- 
chadh the Swarthy, son of Mail[-Sh]echlainn Carrach 
[Mac Diarmata], through treachery, at Lis-selbaig in 
Clann-Conchobuir. Maghnus, son of Cathal, son of 
Andrew 10 [Ua Conchobair], was killed by Cathal, son of 
Aedh Ua Conchobair the Brefnian. Brian Mag Samrad- 
ha[i]n junior was killed by the Telia ch-Dunchadha. Eogan 
Ua hEighin, king of Ui-Fiachrach-Aidhne, was killed by 
his own kinsmen. Eogan, son of Geoffrey Mag Raghnaill 
and Aedh O'Mailmiadhaigh killed each other. Adam 
Mag Teichedha[i]n died. Philip 0'Duibhgenna[i]n, a 
sage 11 without question, died. Iniug, daughter of Mac <L -CttJL/&> 

11 Sage. O'Duigenan, according torian) of Conmaicni (i. e. the 
to the A. L. C., was ollam (his- O'Rourkes, co. Leitrim). 


ccwicclcc ulcroti. 

TTlic pin^n, -o'ej;. IMliam, mac ^Ltibepc TTlic ^ 
oelB, -DO mapba-5 ap gpeip Y a bpeipne T>O "Cellac-eacac. 
HuaiT>pi, mac TTIagnupa [U]i h6apa, -o'eg. TData, 
mac CCnnai| hlli Haigillais, T>omapbai) -o'CCnnpiap, mac 
bpiain hth Hamilton 5 7 cpeca mopa TX> -feenum 'fin 
bol^an TK>'n roifc fin. d 

]Cal. 1an. 11. -p., L. [x. a ], CCnno "Domini 171. ccc. ocxx. 
uiii. ob [-xL i.] TTlai-Dm mofi -DO rabaifi^-oo TTlac Uitliam 
afi Ctamn-rnuifnf, -ou mafi'mafiba-5 "Comap TTIac 
lluipiv, mac Sec-nag fiuai'D 7 T)eicnebu]i 7 qai 
par a;iaen piu. "Oomnall Tna5"DhoficaiT>,raipec Cene- 
[oi]l-Luaca[i]n,T)'e5. *Oonnca'5,mac TTlic na hai*Dce 
TDeg [ph]lanncar>a, T>O mafiba-o 'o'CCe'5, mac "Caiiis TDeg 
fphjtannca^a. O^ai^mteagai'D'D'ej;. b[iian ptain*o, 
caifec Sil-mailjujanai5, Tt'eg. Cereal TTlac 
DO mafibat* T'ef5U|i c . Caiften Rofa-Conaain *DO 
DO 'Choiiap/betbac htla 1 Concobuifu Ocup CCeit, mac 
pei'olimi'D, "DO bi ilbam 'p caiplen, "Docfiei^ T>'0 Chonco- 
buiii^e.; Seaan THa^ TTlarsamna T>O cup a hCC[i]fiiatlai15. 
Cu-Cbonnacc c Cuim>, caipec 

Tnac-in-abann, abb Clocaip, 
pebpuapn. d ) 

A7ib |Col. 1an. 111. -p., I- [xx.1.*], CCnno "Domini Tn. ccc. xxx. 
ix. ob [-xL 11.] 1n ttta T>ub TTla^ UiT>ip DO bauuft 
ap Loc-Sipne ap TjepeT) cpeice. Ca^a^b mopT)'eip3i ecep 
T^hoippT)elbac Concobup, pi Connacc 7 Concobup TDac 

A.D. 1338. J 0, B. .xx. 11, A, B. This epact does not occur in the 
Decemnovennal Cycle. b 1341, B. cc ora., B. d - <1 n. t. h., A, om., B. 
A.D. 1339. . xx. 1111, ! A, B. b 1342, B. om., B. 

Were made. By Andrew 
O'Reilly (A. L. C.) 

[1341] I i3j8. The ferial (2) 
proves that the true year is 1341. 

*J<.hnock. Mac Maurice. 

* Three tcore and ten. Seven 

score, A. L. C. The Four Mastert 
adopt the textual number. 

t O'Oairmleghaidft. Chief of 
Cenel-Moen (the tribal name of the 
O'Gormleys), A. L. C. 



Goisdelb, wife of Eogan Mac Fingin, died. William, son [1340] 
of Gilbert Mac Goisdelb, was killed on a night-foray in the 
Breifni by the Tellach-Eachach, Ruaidhri, son of Magh- 
nus Ua hEaghra, died. Matthew, son of Annagh Ua 
Raighillaigh, was killed by Andrew, son of Brian Ua 
Raighillaigh and great forays were made 12 in the Bolegan 
during that expedition. 

Kalends of Jan. on 2nd feria, [10th of the moon,] A.D. [1341] 
1338 1 [-41]. Great defeat was inflicted by Mac William 
de Burgh on the Clann -Maurice, wherein were killed 
Thomas Mac Maurice, son of Johnock 2 the Red and three 
score and ten 3 along with them. Domnall Mag Dorchaidh, 
chief of Cenel-Luacain, died. Donnchadh, son of Son 
of the Night Mag [FJlannchadha, was killed by 
Aedh, son of Tadhg Mag [FJlannchadha. O'Gairm- 
leghaidh 4 died. Brian O'Flainn, chief of Sil-Mailrua- 
naigh, died. Cathal Mac Ceithernaigh was killed by a 
fall. The castle of Ros-Comain was taken by Toirdh el- 
bach Ua Conchobuir. And Aedh, son of Feidhlimidh [Ua 
Conch obair], that was in custody 5 in the castle, betrayed 
it to O'Concobuir. John Mag Mathgamna was put out of 
Airghialla. Cu-Connacht O'Cuinn, chief of Muinter- 
Gillga[i]n, died. 

(Muircertach 1 Mac-in-ghabann, 2 abbot of Clochar, died (1338) 
on the Kalends [1st] of February.") 

Kalends of Jan. on 3rd feria, [21st] of the moor, A.D. [1342] 
ISSG 1 ^]. The black Gillie Mag Uidhir was 
drowned on Loch-Eirne in the rere of a foray party. 
Great war arose between Toirdelbach O'Conchobuir, king 

6 In custody. See the fourth 
entry of the preceding year. 

(1338) l Muircertach, etc. Given 
in the Four Masters under 1341. 

2 Mac-in-ghabann. Son of the 

Smith; " generally anglicised Mac 
Gowan in the north of Ireland, but 
in Meath and Leinster it is often 
translated Smith" (O'D. iii, 671). 
[1342] 1 iJJ9- The ferial (3) 


fcmicclcc ulcroti. 

, pi TTluise-Luipj;. Groom) a bupc T/eipsi le 
TTlac T)iapmaca 7 CCeft, mac pei-olimce 7 "Donnccro 
Obipn. Octip m c-0 bipn hipein T>O cup [U]i Concobuip 
1 cgm poll Oil-pin-o ap n-T>ul T>6 T>O at5ail gill cpeice 7>o 
pinneTjup TTluinncep-bipn ap tloibepc a bupc 7 ni T>'a 
-DO mapba-5 pa'n Cotifcabta, iT>on, pa TTlac 
puT>ufi m6|i 7 olc a-obat 7 caga^ coiccenn 
fin 1 ConnaccaiC uile 7 Clann-muiftce]iT;ai5 
le Concobuip aft cup a n-a^ai-o TDic "Oiafimara 
7 impo-D -DoiC afiif te TTlac Uilliam 7 le TTlac "Oiafimaca. 
Peall T>O T>enuTn ap Clainn-Uilliam bufic cfie upail [U]i 
Concobuip, 'oajVmapba'D "Comaf a Oupc 1 pell gpanna 
X 'n-a n-oipeccup pem, le Clamn-TTluiiiip 7 Seoinin a bufic 
. T)0 mafiba^ afi m lacaip (no d , aft in_aipri d ) cecna T>O 
Clainn-HicaifiT). Cacal, mac ^illa-Cfiipc, TTlac "Oiafi- 
mara T>O mapba-o T)'pefi5aL hUa "01-05 aifi in caga^ 
cerna. pejigal, mac illa-Cfiivt pin-o Tllic Cojimaic, T>O 
mapba-5 ap. m caga-o cecna. Opeiftin bpogf-oja -DO 
cabaipCTH) Concobup TTlac "Oiapmaca 7 -o'a macait5 pi 
an. Concobuip pa bhel-ara-plipen, -oayi'linse-D m c-au 
co co^rta caifipiB 7 T>'ap'man.bai> ann "Diapmaiu, mac 
bpiain [U]i phepsail, m c-aen mac caipic na aepa T>ob'- 
pen,p -DO bi 'n-a aimpp -DO Conmaicnib 7 mac hoibepr; a 
bupc, mi-oac gan epba^ 7Concobup, mac "Oonnca-oa 7>uil5 
[U]i Oili-oe. 8eaan TTlag TTlacsamna, pai n-eimg 7 

A.D. 1339. itl., t. h., (A) MS. 

proves that the true year ia 

*O>Birn. Lord of Tir-Brioin, 
the O'Beimes' country, in co. Ros- 

To take. By force : " to dis- 
train for a prey that 0' Byrne tooke 
before from Hobert Burke," Ma- 

4 Mac Ruaidhri. Mac Rory 
" was leader of a Scottish band of 
gallowplasses from the western 
islands of Scotland, who were at 
this period in the pay of the king 
of Connaught " (O'D. iii. 573). 

5 AssenMy. Oirechtus in the ori- 
ginal : anglicised Iraghte. " Item, 
he shall not assemble the queen's 



of Connacht and Concobur Mac Diarmata, king of Magh- [1342] 
Luirg. Edmond de Burgh and Aedh, son of Feidhlimidh 
[TJa Conchobair] and Donnchadh O'Birn 2 rose out with 
Mac Diarmata. And that O'Birn forced Ua Conchobuir 
into the church of Oil-film, on his having gone to take 3 a C A> *J 

pledge for a foray committed by the Muinter-Birn on 
iluCerTde Burgh and portion of his gallowglasses were 
killed under the Constable, namely, under Mac Ruaidhri. 4 
Great loss and evil excessive and general war arose through 
that in all Connacht. And the Clann-Muircertaigh rose 
out with O'Concobuir in the beginning against Mac 
Diarmata and they turned again with Mac William and 
with Mac Diarmata. Treachery was practised on the 
Clann-William de Burgh, through instigation of O'Can- 
chobuir, whereby Thomas de Burgh was killed in ugly 
treachery in their own assembly 5 by the Clann-Maurice 
and Jenkin de Burgh was killed in the same place (or, in 
the [same] transaction) by the Clann-Ricaird. Cathal, 
son of Gilla-Crist, Mac Diarmata, was killed by Iergal Ua 
Taidhg in the same war. Ferghal, son of Gilla-Crist Mac 
Cormaic the Fair, was killed in the same war. A crushing 
defeat was inflicted by Conchobur Mac Diarmata and by 
his sons of kings on O'Concobuir near Bel-atha-slissen, 
whereby the Ford was crossed in a masterly manner 6 past 
them and Diarmait, son of Brian Ua Ferghail, the best son 
of a chief of the [same] age that was in his time of the 
Conmaicni and the son of Hubert de Burgh, [an] honour- 
able [man] without defect and Concobur, son of Donn- 
chadh Ua hEilidhe the Black, were killed there. John 
Mag Mathgamna, 7 eminent for generosity and prowess 



I people upon hills, or use any 
Iraghtes, or paries, upon hills," 

Privy Council Book, 25 Eliz., 
quoted in Hardiman : Irish Mins- 
trelsy, ii. 159 (O'D. iii. 574). 

6 In a masterly manner. Liter- 
ally, choicely. 

7 Mag Mathgamna. Namely, 
Mac Mahon, king of Oriel. 



n-epiuma, a* mapbai) ap oepe'5 cpeice 1 co n-a gallogla- 
caib" T>O luce cige 1 CCe-oa, mic RooilC 7 T>O Ctainn- 
Ceattai| 1" copai-oecc' Ocup ip commop TK> mapbaii 7 
DO bara^D me. "Oiapmaic 1 puai>, mac Copmaic 615 TTlic 
T)iapmaca, -o'ej i n-aibic manaic teic i TTIaimpcip na 
^ bmlle, gem aen guc a n-rogii) a anma -pa einec, no -pa 
cpabai). c Concobup. |iucr& THas eocagafijn -DO mafibcrD 
TK>5atlait5. Cofimac, mac ftuaif>iai, mic "OomnaitL[U]i 
Concobuifi, T>o gabail le Concobup, mac T^aii)^ 7 te 
Huai"5n.i, mac Cacail [U]i Concobuip 7 Concobup TK> 
gabait te Opian, mac Ruaitpi 7 a cabaipc illaim Con- 
cobuip TTlic "Oiapmaca 7 a cup T>O fen T)'a coime-o i 
Cappai^ Laca-Ce. c "Domnall htJa*Oocapcai, 
A7io CCpT>a-TTIi^aip 7 nocon-e < D ari?am,uaipipbec nac 

ci^epnup 1nnpi-bOoain 7 rilepnup" T3pica-cec "Chipi- 
hGnna 7 po bo cepc a n-Gpinn caipec '5 ap' ba -oaine 7 
ba mo mapcptua 7 ba pepp 5011 7 5aipcef>, einec 7 
n-onucat mnc'tp. Ocup f a T>ul TD'CJ ap tap a cie -pem* 7 
Seaan hlla 2 "Docaprais T>O abait a inait*.* 8it-TTIuipe- 
> "oai^, erep T>eoin 7 amDeoin, DO pitpu^ui) pig Connacc, ' 
1-oon, "Coipp-oetbac, mac CCe-oa, ma[i]c 60501 n [U]i Con- 
cobuip. Ocup ip iar; if oipe^a T>O eipi T>O : GmonT) 
TTIac Uittiam a bupc 7 Concobup TTlac "Oiapmaca, pi 
inuigi-Luips, co n-a bpaicpiB 7 co n-a oipecc. Ocup 
CCe-o, mac CCeT>a bpeipni, mic Carait puai-b 7 pocpai-oe 
na bpeipne 7 Conmaicni ap aen pu 7 CCe-5, mac peifc- 
timre, pi Connacc. Ocup a innapbaf-b] apap amac 
tepna cuibpennait) pm. Ocup ap 1 comuipte cucpac a 
caipT>e DO : T>ut *DO 15 TTlic "Oiapmara 'f an cci"oci. Ocup 

A.D. 1339. J -i, B. S 0, A. T>O (verbal particle), B. " a eg i n-a 
cig pein he died in hit own house, B. *'*a n' inaiT> in fits stead, B. 

8 Equal number, etc. Literally, 
it is equally great they were slain 
and they were drowned. 

9 Without name. Literally, 

without any voice [of reproach] 
after his name. 

10 Some constraint. Literally, 
between willingness and unwilling- 


was killed with his gallowglasses in the rere of a foray- [1342] 
party by the household force of Aedh, son of Ralph [Mag 
Mathgamna] and by the Clann-Ceallaigh, in the pursuit- 
And an equal 8 number were slain as were drowned. Diar- 
mait the Red, son of Cormac Mac Diarmata junior, died in 
the habit of a Grey [Cistercian] monk in the Monastery of 
the Buill, without 9 leaving reproach to his name respecting 
hospitality or respecting piety. Conchobur Mag Eocha- 
ga[i]n the Red was killed by Foreigners. Cormac, son of 
Ruaidhri, son of Domnall Ua Conchobuir, was taken 
prisoner by Conchobur, son of Tadhg and by Ruaidhri, 
son of Cathal Ua Conchobuir and Concobur was taken 
prisoner by Brian, son of Ruaidhri and given into the 
hand of Concobur Mac Diarmata and placed by him in 
keeping in the Rock of Loch-Ce. Domnall Ua Dochar- 
taigh, arch-chief of Ard-Midhair and it is not this alone, 
for there was little wanting from his having the lordship of 
Inis-Eogain and the lordship of the Cantred of Tir-hEnna 
and there was scarcely in Ireland a chief that itad more 
people and a larger horse-host and better spirit and valour, 
hospitality and bestowal than he and he died in the 
centre of his own house and John Ua Dochartaigh took 
his place. The Sil-Muiredhaigh, some 10 willingly and 
some by constraint, disowned the king of Connacht, 
namely, Toirdelbach, son of Aedh, son of Eogan Ua Con- 
cobuir. And these are the chiefest that rose against him : 
Edmond Mac William de Burgh and Concobur Mac Diar- 
mata, king of Magh-Luirg, with their kinsmen and with 
* their -Se^t. And Aedh, son of Aedh the Brefnian, son of 
Cathal [Ua Conchobair] the Red and the muster of the 
Breifni and the Conmaicni along with them and Aedh, son 
of Feidhlimidh [Ua Conchobair], king of Connacht. And 
he was expelled from the country by those allies. And 
this is the advice his friends [then] gave him : to go to the 
house of Mac Diarmata by night. And the Clann-Muir- 



A 71d 

puapa-oup Clann-TTluipcept;ai| a fip fin 7 -DO innleT>up 
fen ap flight) 7 ap cipanaio' 7 apbepnaftaiB-bea-oailm 
longpuipc. Ocuf ramie cpempa fin 'fan aif>ci pe -oopca, 
oiap no cpiup mapcac. Ocuf -DO eipse-5 T>O ap cocup m 
longpuipc 7 ramie uain!5 ap capcr5 a lama LaiT)ipe 7 
DO loic f e Cacal, mac CCei>a bpeifni. Ocuf ni paitie a 
fip fin 05 TTIac "Diapmcrca no co cuala fe na comaipc 7 
in maltaca-o 'ga -oenum apfucin tongpuipt:. fin T>oi!5 
co la ap namapac 7 ap f a^ail a fepa T>O TTlac "Oiapmaca, 
DO cuip -oaine raipifi cuigi T)'a cup 'fa Chappaig 7 T>O bi 
f opgla f eccmume mna. Ocuf T>O cei^Dif "oame main in 
npe fa fee ^ac lae cuip. Ocuf T>a n-T)epnT:ai ap TTlac 
n-T)iapmaT;a,DO gencai fie pif. Ocuf o nac oepna'bT'DO 
[c]innlaic e co Caiplen Rofa-Comain 7 pofccj;ail5 annpn 
e. Simon, mac Concobuip, mic Simoin TTlic 5 1 ^ e ~ 
CCppair, caifec T)O caifecait5 Lui^ne, mopruup efc. c 
CCe-o, mac CCeita Opeifni, DO abail pi^i Connacc T)ia- 
Luam, c 1-oon, in cec Luan T>O 5eimpe. Concobup hUa 2 
*Oomnaill, pi "Cipe-Conaill 7 foirec T)in5bala 8< D > aipT)pi5i 
n-Openn ^an amupup e ap cpu6 7 ap ceill 7 ap cecfa-5, 
ap uaill 7 ap emec 7 ap oippDepcup, ap c menmnaip 7 
ap mop coipbepcaigi, ap cpofacc 7 ap carhp^ail, ap 
uaifli 7 ap ailpne, ap *Daenacc 7 ap -oe^ cpaba-o,' a 
mapbax) la Niall btla 2 n-T)omnaill, la mac a arap fein, 
ap rabaipr amaif 4 longpuipc faip. Ocup c ceinnci 7 
cennala -DO cup ifin rec mop 7 "Oomnaill | -o'eip^i 
amac 7 a coinm a n-Dopup a ^151 fein, ap m-bpeic 
buara o -ooman 7 o -oerfian. Ocuf if Dilbucra an ei^fi, 
7 an ela*5a ^an fep a himocaip, na a halrpuim capeif 

A.D. 1339. 3 -siiiala, B. 4 amuf (pi.), B. 

11 And fortress. This is a pro- 
lepsis ; it should follow morrow 
of the next, sentence. 

18 Fortrest. This, according to 

the entry in the Four Masters, was 
Murbhaeh (Murvagh), a place 
about three miles south-west of the 
town of Donegal (.O'D.iii. 417, 578). 


certaigh got tidings thereof and they lay in wait on the [1342] 
roads and on the paths and on the gaps of danger of the 
fortress. And he came through those in the night, owing 
to the darkness, [with] two or three horsemen. And an 
attack was made on him on the causeway of the fortress 
and he came [safe] from them by virtue of his stroDg 
hand and he injured Cathal, son of Aedh the Brefnian. 
And 11 news thereof reached not Mac Diarmata, until he 
heard the jray_s and the execration a-doing throughout }\ * 
the fortress. Thus was it with them till the morrow. And 
en Mac Diarmata receiving tale thereof, he sent trusty 
persons to him to put him into the Rock. And he was 
the greater part of a week therein* And the noble persons 
of the country used to go secretly every day to him. And 
if it- had been done for Mac Diarmata, peace would have * 
been made with him. And, as it was not made, he [Mac 
Diarmata] escorted him to the castle of Ros-Comain and 
left him there. Simon, son of Concobur, son of Simon 
Mac Gille-Arraith, a chief of the chiefs of Luighrft, died. 
s Aedh, eon of Aedh [TJa Conchobair] the Brefnian, took 
the kingship of Connacht on Monday, namely, the first 
Monday of "Winter. Conchobur TJa Domnaill, king of 
Tir-Conaill and fitting vessel for the arch-kingship of 
Ireland [was] he without dispute, for shape and for sense 
and for intellect, for highmindedness and for generosity 
and for pre-eminence, for magnanimity and for great 
bestowal, for courage and for battle- vigour, for nobility 
and for gentleness, for humanity and good piety was 
killed by Niall TJa Domnaill, [namely ] by the son of his 
own father, after assaulting his fortress. 12 And [his death 
happened thus :] fires and brands were put into the palace. 
And O'Domnaill came out and fell in the door of his own 
house, after gaming victory from world and from demon. 
And orphaned are wisdom and science without a man to 

The A. L. C. state it was in Finnros (fair-wood), which has not been 



cmncclcc ulcroti. 

in ecra pin/ plann 65 *0omnall[i]n, ollaiYi Connacr, 
m h Chfiipco quieuic. h "Oomnatl ConiDlip, pencai-o 
V pua-oamail 7" caibleovn. slan[p]oclac na ^ai-oil^i, -DO 
mapcba-o la h[tFjit>-"Oiapcrnata, sainis" fie Caipc. c 
y bjiugavD coiccenn, ciall c conatg," *oo bi afi, ^an 
oiuUxro "DO paia, no DO cn.en, iT>on TTlam TTlac 
TTlasnupa, -o'ej; m blia-oam fin 1 (14 cd "jCaten-Daf 
8epi:imbiiif cd ). "Comaf Tllac S^li-Coifsti, fai n-egna, 
m Cbp.ifT:o qtneuic. "Cax>5 TTlac "Oonncai-5, fii "Cin-e- 
hOilelta, T)'innafiba[T>] le Concoburi TTlac n-"Oiani7iar:a 
o'a ci^epna 7 -o'a bfiacaifipein 7 pepgal, mac "Comalcaig 
TTlic "Oiafimaca, T>O gabail "Cipe-hOiteUa afi a eif. 

B 70b jcal. 1 an. 1111. p., L 11'., CCnnoT)omini TTl. ccc. xl. ob [-xl. 
111.] Slaine, m^en [U]i b|iiain, ben "Coitiri-Detbais [U]i 
Concobui]i 7T>ep.bfiun. amarap.pein pop, moyicua epc. 
"Defibait, mgen [U]i T)omnailt, m aen bean pob' penji 
cainic T>'a cme-o pein fiiam, -DO cecc 1 ap. cuaific cum 
Concobtnn. TTlic "Oiafimara co h1mp-"0oi5pi 7 galap a 
hega T)'a gabail7 a ha-onucal 2 i 3 IDainipcifi na buille. 
"OubcablacV mgen Concobuip. TTlic "Oiapmaca, ben 
[U]i bipn, pai mna gan imn.epain, mopcua epc. c Tomap 
TTlas Sampaf>a[i]n, aen fiau caipec Gpenn, mopcuup epr. 
THuip.cepxac bpiain, fii < Cuat-TTluman, 4 -o'eg 7 
"Oiaptmaic hlla 5 bpmin T>O p^af* ^ - a incr ^ 7 
mt>[T>] pen le bjuan m-bp-iain 7 maici "Cuom- 
TTluman DO cjiei^ium -oo. Uilliug, mac Hicaipc-o, mic 
tJilbam leir, macarh ^atl 6penn apc c einec 7 ap egnum, 
mofi^uup epc. Caral c O Tna-ousaMn DO mafiba-b le 

A.D. 1339. hh cftiietiic in [Chyiif co], B. *p thit, B. 
A.D. 1340. 'tocc, A. 2 hatduca-o, B. s a, B. 4< Cuaj ,A. 8 O, A. 
8 om., A. * .u., A, B. Scribe mistook n for u. b 1343, B. ^om., B. 

identified. It may be concluded 
that, like Murvagh, it was in Tir- 
Aedha (Tirhngh). 

[1343] \J340. The ferial (4) and 

amended epact (2) prove that the 
true year is 1343. 

*Slaine. Mentioned in the 
fourth entry of [1339] supra. 


support or to foster them, after that deed. Flann O'Dom- [1342] 
nalla[i]n junior, ollam of Connacht, rested in Christ. 
Domnall O'Cuindlis, excellent historian and pure-worded 
VexponentJT] of the Gaidhilic, was killed by the Ui-Diar- 
mata, shortly before Easter. A general entertainer, of 
considerable substance, that was on Loch-Erne, without 
refusal to powerful or to weak, namely, Matthew Mac 
Maghnusa, died this year (on the 14th of the Kalends of 
September [Aug. 19]). Thomas Mac Gille-Coisgli, an 
eminent sage, rested in Christ. Tadhg Mac Donnchaidh, 
king of Tir-Oilella, was expelled by Concobur Mac Diar- 
niata, [namely] by his own lord and by his own kinsman X 
and Fergal, son of Tomaltach Mac Diarmata, took Tir- 
Oilella after him. 

Kalends of Jan. on 4th feria, 2nd of the moon, A.D. [1343] 
1340 1 [-3]. Slaine, 2 daughter of Ua Briain, wife of Toir- 
delbach Ua Concobuir and sister of his own mother like- 
wise, died; Derbail, 3 daughter of Ua Domnaill, the* best 
woman that ever came of her own tribe, came on a visit 
to Conchobur Mac Diarmata to Inis-Doighri and the illness 
of her death seized her and she was buried in the Monas- 
tery of the Buill. Dubchablach, daughter of Concobur 
Mac Diarmata, wife of Ua Birn, a choice woman without 
dispute, died. Thomas Mag Sam radha[i]n, 4 unique choice 
of the chiefs of Ireland, died. Muircertach O'Briain, king 
of Thomond, died and Diarmait Ua Briain was made king 
in his stead. And he was expelled by Brian O'Briain, 
who was acknowledged by the nobles of Thomond. Ulick, 
son of Richard, son of William [de Burgh] the Grey, the 
best Foreign youth of Ireland for generosity and for valour, 
died. Cathal 5 O'Madugha[i]n was killed by the Clann- 

3 Derbail. Repudiated wife of 
0' Conor. See the reference in 
note 2. 

4 Mag Samradha\i\n. Lord of 

Tellach-Echach (bar. of Tullyhaw, 
co. Cavan). 

5 Cathal. Chief of Sil-Anm- 
chadha (O'Madden's country, com- 



ccmiccux ulcroTi. 

Clainn-Uicaip-o 7 po bo 7>o maiciB Gpenn T>6. "Oonnca-o 
cleipec TTlail-bpenain7>, canonac copa-5 1 n-Oil-pnn, 
a mapbai) T/aen upcup poi^TM le muinncip tloibepr;, rmc 
Oaibie T>uinn TTlic Uilliam. Coral TTlac-in-liaranaij;, 
ab na "CpinoiT>e> mopruup epe." TTIai'om mop Le Clamn- 
pieopaip 7 te Clainn-fticaip-o ap[U]ib-TTlaine, T>U inap'- 
Tnapbaij 7 en mac ^15 7)651)0 Clainn-Cellai5,pa Concobup 
ceppbac htla 5 Ceallai. CCengtif till a 5 "Oomnaill -DO 
fii^a-o leif hUa 6 n-"0ocafii:ai5 7 le "Oomnall -nub 8 hlla 5 
m-bai5ill 7 le nefic CCe-oa yieariiaifi [U]i Weill 7 Hiall 
hUa 5 "Oomnaill T)'aiii5a-D leo. ^T 11 ^ a f a ai ^e fin 
A 72a co cucfac | impefain T)'a ceile7 T>O man.ba7> le hCCenguf 
7 le Clainn-TTlinficeficais CCinT>ilef baiplUraifec Tifii- 
hCCinmifiec 7 a mac 7 Gogan, mac OCific [U]i "Oomnaill 
7 -name imT>a aili eujpyxu, lee ap, lee. 1ohannef c 01- 
Lainm, eppuc Cille-ala*5, m Chnifrx) quietus Seoan 
TTlac 60015, macam fuibefpuc 6penn, iT>on, eppuc Con- 
maicne, quieuie m [Chpifco] . Concobup. TTlac "Oiap- 
mam, pi TTIui5i-tuip5, 7 CCipei5 7 "Cipi-hOilella 7 "Cipi- 
^060117 na Renn 7 pecc m-baile -DO Clainn-Coxail 7 
v m pep pip nap'gaba^ gan uppaun T>O buam T>O gac aen 
-o'a ee^ma'D pip oip c T>O -Depba-Dup uT)aip no baimppi 

T 1 ^T 1 ' ' 6 f 111 aen T 10 ? HPT 11 ^ Tia ^Gpenn, ap cpuc 7 ap 
ceill, ap bla-o 7 ap tuanci-oluca^, ap emec 7 ap egnum, 
ap a^ 7 ap pipuaipli c , co 9 nap' b'immapba^a nee pip 
oo'n c pne ^ai-Delai^ i" n-a aimpip -pen/. Co" 'n-a -oep- 
ba-5 pn e a-oubepe in 10 pile an -ouain T)'a -oan pem : 

A. D. 1340. 7 aTx'm , A. 8 n-T>-, A. 9 ^a, A. w an,A. dom., A. 
- CCmail As, B. 

prising part of Gal way co. and part 
of King's). 

Cathal. See the fourth entry 
of [1309], supra. The omission of 
his election to the bishopric of El- 
phin is noteworthy. 

7 Gave battle. At Achaih-mona 
[bog-field], according to the Four 

Matters (Aghawoney, a townland 
in par. and bar. of Kilmacrenan, co. 
Donegal, O'D. iii. 582.) 

8 Clann - Muircertaigh. They 
had been expelled shortly before 
from Breifny and had Tirhugh 
granted to them by Aenghus 
O'DonneU (^. L. C.) 



Ricaird and lie was one of the noble[st] persons in Ireland. [1343] 
Donnchadh O'Mail-Brenainn, the Cleric, canon chorister 
in Oil-finn, was killed by one shot of an arrow, by the 
people of Hubert, son of David Mac William [de Burgh] 
the Brown. Cathal 6 Mac-in-Liathanaigh, abbot of the 
Trinity, died. Great defeat [was inflicted] by the Clann- 
Feorais [Birmingham] and the Clann-Ricaird on the Ui- 
Maine, where were killed eleven sons of kings of the 
Clann-Cellaigh, under Concobur Ua Ceallaigh the Long- 
haired. Aengus Ua Domnaill was made king by Ua 
Dochartaigh and by Domnall Ua Baighill the Black and 
by the power of Aedh Ua Neill the Stout and Niall Ua 
Domnaill was deposed by them. A short time after that, 
they gave battle 7 to one another and there were killed 
by Aengus and by the Clann-Muircertaigh 8 Aindiles 
0' Baighill, chief of Tir-hAimnirech and his son and 
Eogan, son of Art Ua Domnaill and many other persons 
between them, side for side. John 0'[Fh]Laitim, bishop of 
Cell-aladh, rested in Christ. John Mac Eoaigh, most dis- 
tinguished of the learned bishops of Ireland, that is, the 
bishop of Conmaicni [Ardagh], rested in Christ, Conco- 
bur Mac Diarmata, king of Magh-Luirg and Airtech and 
Tir-Oilella and Tir-Tuathail and the Renna and the seven 
towns of Clann-Cathail and a man with whom a contest i 
was not entered upon without his wresting supjeripjrjjjy 
from every one that engaged with him for the authors 
of this time certified that he was the choicest of the sub- 
kings of Ireland for shape and for sense, for renown and 
for substantial bestowal, for generosity and for prowess, 
for disposition and for true nobleness, so that no one was 
to be vaunted of beside him of the Gaidhilic stock in his 
own time. Hence, to certify that, the poet said this poem 
in his own art : 

9 Stanza. the metre is Debide, 
for which see Todd Lectures, Vol. iii. 
p. 102 sq. 

1 Conn. Of the Hundred Bat- 
tles; slain A.D. 187 (ToddLect., iii. 


Tlann d T)a n-T>en.nainn 

TTlac "Gianni aca, 'f ni T>efinur, 
Cennuf "Gerfifia 7 Clamni Cuinn, 
T)o bafifi bentia T>O benonnT). 

"Mi c -paiciTTi a n-1mf-pait 
pep. coimefa a g-cteic inrbam ; 
"Mi pint co cec Cmn-coficr5 
"Mec a[\ nafi'cmn Concobu^i. 

m "oenca T>ani 
Ue pefiaiB Gpenn 

gem imafibaiT) yuaip an geall 
8tuai -pmnufilaifi na 

a eg m Ufifiit fin 1 TXH niop na Cai^psi, afi f m-bpei 
buaf>a o T>OTnan 7 o T>erfion, fecanam pe 8amam, "Dia- 
8acai|in T>O fonnpu'5 7 a afmacal 1 TDaiTiift:i|i na btnlle .. 
Ocuf d pepgal TTlac "Oianmata, a T>e|ibfiacai|i pein g , 7)0 
jii^a-D 'n-a inaf>. 

(Mo h ,5uma-5 ap m "[Callainn p bu-5 coifi Nicol 

leal. 1an. u. p., 1." [ a ], CCnno T)omini 171. ccc. 
ccL i. ob [-1111.] efpuc Luigne 1 "D'eg. TTlunca-D c , mac 
TTIaitmua-b [U]i 6afia, ab na builte 7 a-obufi eppuic 
luipie, qineuir m [Chnifco]. TTlara, mac ^illa-Cfiifc 
cleifii5 TTlic"Diarvmaca, 7>omafibaT le rnuinncip-neiLi-oe 
afi m Coinn-rliaB. Uittiam, mac TTlcrcsamna TTleg 
Ra^naill, -DO mafibcro te macaiC 

A.D. 1340. 'ictfi after, B. om., B. h ' h 71d, f. m., n.t. h., A; om.,B. 
A.D. 1341. '-ni, A. **bl, A ; I., with blank for epact, B. > 1344, 
B. <>< om., B. 

11 A week Saturday. This con- 
currence is another proof that the 
text is three years antedated in this 

place. In 1343, Oct. 25 and NOT. 1 
fell on Saturday (E) ; in 1340, on 
Wednesday (A). 



Stanza : 9 If I had made a vaunt of him, [1343] 

Mac Diannata and I made [it] not, 
Headship of Tara and of the Clan of Conn 10 
/ To the chief of Berbha I should give. 

I see not in Inis-Fail 

A man to be compared to him ; 

There is not as far as the house of Cenn-choradh 

One whom Concobur surpassed not. 

Vaunting shall not be done by me 

Before the Men of Ireland out of that, 

Without vaunting he obtained the_pledge i/r^-i^ / 

Of the host of the fair surface of Ireland. 

the death of that sub-king [took place] in the great house 
of the Rock, after gaining victory from world and from 
demon, a week 11 before November-Day, Saturday precisely, 
and he was buried in the Monastery of the Buill. And 
Fergal Mac Diarmata, his own brother, was made king in 
his stead. 

(Or 1 it may be on this Kalend [year] it were right [for (1340) 
the death of] Nicholas Magraith [to be]. 

Kalends of Jan. on 5th feria, [13th] of the moon, A.D. [1344BU.] 
1341 1 [-4]. The bishop of Luighni 2 died. Murchadh, son 
of Maelmuadh Ua Eaghra, abbot of the Buill and likely to 
be bishop 3 of Luighni, rested in Christ. Matthew, son of 
Gilla-Crist Mac Diarmata the Cleric, was killed by the 
Muinter-Eilidhe on the Corr-sliabh. William, son of 
Mathgamain Mag Raghnaill, was killed by the sons of 
Cathal Mag Raghnaill. Aedh, son of Ralph Mag Math- 

(1340) J Or, etc. See the second 
additional entry under next year, 

[1344] * 1341. The ferial (5) 
proves that the true year is 1344. 

2 Luighni. That is, Achonry. 

3 Likely to be bishop. The origi- 
nal expression (material of a bishop), 

in all probability, signifies that 
the character of the abbot would 
have ensured his election to the 

From this obit, Ware (Bishops, 
p. 659) erroneously infers that he 
was bishop. 


ccwicclcc ulcroti. 

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